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Xingxing Liu, Jian Yang, Xia-Xi Li, Nan Xiang, Ning Zeng, Ying-Fang Fan, Chi-Hua Fang
INTRODUCTION: To study the anatomical features and classification of the angle between the right gastroepiploic vein (RGEV) and superior mesenteric vein/portal vein (SMV/PV) and to guide the catheterization of intraportal infusion chemotherapy through RGEV and reduce surgical complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography study was undertaken on 200 consecutive subjects with or without hepatic malignant tumors with a dedicated workstation 3D-MIA (the improved MI-3DVS workstation) developed by ourselves to determine the prevalence of surgically significant angle between RGEV and SMV/PV anatomic variations and its classification...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Itxaso Barberia, Elisabet Tubau, Helena Matute, Javier Rodríguez-Ferreiro
Cognitive biases such as causal illusions have been related to paranormal and pseudoscientific beliefs and, thus, pose a real threat to the development of adequate critical thinking abilities. We aimed to reduce causal illusions in undergraduates by means of an educational intervention combining training-in-bias and training-in-rules techniques. First, participants directly experienced situations that tend to induce the Barnum effect and the confirmation bias. Thereafter, these effects were explained and examples of their influence over everyday life were provided...
2018: PloS One
Morris Freedman, Malcolm Binns, Fuqiang Gao, Melissa Holmes, Austyn Roseborough, Stephen Strother, Antonino Vallesi, Stanley Jeffers, Claude Alain, Peter Whitehouse, Jennifer D Ryan, Robert Chen, Michael D Cusimano, Sandra E Black
CONTEXT: Despite a large literature on psi, which encompasses a range of experiences including putative telepathy (mind-mind connections), clairvoyance (perceiving distant objects or events), precognition (perceiving future events), and mind-matter interactions, there has been insufficient focus on the brain in relation to this controversial phenomenon. In contrast, our research is based on a novel neurobiological model suggesting that frontal brain systems act as a filter to inhibit psi and that the inhibitory mechanisms may relate to self-awareness...
January 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Alexander Flohr, Roman Hutter, Barbara Mueller, Claudia Bohnert, Mélanie Pellisson, Hervé Schaffhauser
Positive modulation of the muscarinic M1-receptor has for a long time attracted scientists and drug developers for the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease or Schizophrenia. The precognitive potential of M1 activation has however not been clinically demonstrated as a result of side effects associated both with agonists and positive allosteric modulators (PAM's) of the M1-receptor. To avoid excessive activation of the M1-receptor we have designed a new screening format and developed the first low-shift positive allosteric modulators for the M1 receptor...
December 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Sean Woolen, Ella A Kazerooni, Amber Wall, Kelly Parent, Shannon Cahalan, Mitchell Alameddine, Matthew S Davenport
PURPOSE: To measure patient willingness to wait and emotional disutility of waiting for outpatient imaging test results. METHODS: A prospective HIPAA-compliant multicenter outpatient quality improvement survey was administered by a trained interviewer to 218 outpatients from November 1, 2016, to February 1, 2017. The survey was vetted by patient- and family-centered care advocates with experience in survey design and underwent precognitive testing for readability...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Laura Mumoli, Giovanni Tripepi, Umberto Aguglia, Antonio Augimeri, Rossella Baggetta, Francesca Bisulli, Antonella Bruni, Salvatore M Cavalli, Alfredo D'Aniello, Ornella Daniele, Carlo Di Bonaventura, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Jinane Fattouch, Edoardo Ferlazzo, Alessandra Ferrari, Annateresa Giallonardo, Sara Gasparini, Salvatore Nigro, Andrea Romigi, Vito Sofia, Paolo Tinuper, Maria Grazia Vaccaro, Leila Zummo, Aldo Quattrone, Antonio Gambardella, Angelo Labate
The Inventory Déjà Vu Experiences Assessment (IDEA) is the only screening instrument proposed to evaluate the Déjà vu (DV) experience. Here, we intended to validate the Italian version of IDEA (I-IDEA) and at the same time to investigate the incidence and subjective qualities of the DV phenomenon in healthy Italian adult individuals on basis of an Italian multicentre observational study. In this study, we report normative data on the I-IDEA, collected on a sample of 542 Italian healthy subjects aging between 18-70 years (average age: 40) with a formal educational from 1-19 years...
August 7, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
B Kühn, W Vogel, M Mraz, S Köhnke, B Hage
Three different noise moments of field strength, intensity, and their correlations are simultaneously measured. For this purpose a homodyne cross-correlation measurement [1] is implemented by superimposing the signal field and a weak local oscillator on an unbalanced beam splitter. The relevant information is obtained via the intensity noise correlation of the output modes. Detection details like quantum efficiencies or uncorrelated dark noise are meaningless for our technique. Yet unknown insight in the quantumness of a squeezed signal field is retrieved from the anomalous moment, correlating field strength with intensity noise...
April 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Martin Horak, Kristina Holubova, Eugenie Nepovimova, Jan Krusek, Martina Kaniakova, Jan Korabecny, Ladislav Vyklicky, Kamil Kuca, Ales Stuchlik, Jan Ricny, Karel Vales, Ondrej Soukup
The mechanism of tacrine as a precognitive drug has been considered to be complex and not fully understood. It has been reported to involve a wide spectrum of targets involving cholinergic, gabaergic, nitrinergic and glutamatergic pathways. Here, we review the effect of tacrine and its derivatives on the NMDA receptors (NMDAR) with a focus on the mechanism of action and biological consequences related to the Alzheimer's disease treatment. Our findings indicate that effect of tacrine on glutamatergic neurons is both direct and indirect...
April 3, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Rachel Natovich, Talma Kushnir, Ilana Harman-Boehm, Daniella Margalit, Itzhak Siev-Ner, Daniel Tsalichin, Ilia Volkov, Shmuel Giveon, Deborah Rubin-Asher, Tali Cukierman-Yaffe
OBJECTIVE: The presence of a foot ulcer increases the self-treatment burden imposed on the individual with diabetes. Additionally, this condition increases the cognitive demands needed for adherence to medical recommendations. A potential gap could exist between medical recommendations and the individual's ability to implement them. Hence, the goal of this study was to examine whether the cognitive profile of people with diabetic foot ulcers differs from that of people with diabetes without this complication...
July 2016: Diabetes Care
Ina M Tarkka, Andrej Savić, Elina Pekkola, Mirva Rottensteiner, Tuija Leskinen, Jaakko Kaprio, Urho M Kujala
Leisure-time physical activity is a key contributor to physical and mental health. Yet the role of physical activity in modulating cortical function is poorly known. We investigated whether precognitive sensory brain functions are associated with the level of physical activity. Physical activity history (3-yr-LTMET), physiological measures and somatosensory mismatch response (sMMR) in EEG were recorded in 32 young healthy twins. In all participants, 3-yr-LTMET correlated negatively with body fat%, r=-0.77 and positively with VO2max, r=0...
May 2016: Biological Psychology
Beatrice Bortolato, Kamilla W Miskowiak, Cristiano A Köhler, Michael Maes, Brisa S Fernandes, Michael Berk, André F Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Cognitive dysfunction in major depressive disorder (MDD) encompasses several domains, including but not limited to executive function, verbal memory, and attention. Furthermore, cognitive dysfunction is a frequent residual manifestation in depression and may persist during the remitted phase. Cognitive deficits may also impede functional recovery, including workforce performance, in patients with MDD. The overarching aims of this opinion article are to critically evaluate the effects of available antidepressants as well as novel therapeutic targets on neurocognitive dysfunction in MDD...
January 22, 2016: BMC Medicine
Debajyoti Pati, Michael O'Boyle, Jiancheng Hou, Upali Nanda, Hessam Ghamari
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether exposure to curve versus sharp contours in the built healthcare setting produces systematic and identifiable patterns of amygdala activation and behavioral response in healthy adults. BACKGROUND: Recent studies in cognitive neuroscience suggest that humans prefer objects with a curved contour compared with objects that have pointed features and a sharp-angled contour. An implicit perception of threat represented by sharp objects, in humans, was hypothesized to explain this bias...
April 2016: HERD
Petr P Nikolaev, Galina I Rozhkova
In the last series of papers published during 1975 to 1980, Alfred Yarbus tried to formulate general conceptions concerning the basic principles of retinal image processing in the human visual system. The original ideas of Yarbus were based on the results of his numerous and various experiments carried out with extraordinary inventiveness and great skill. Being concentrated primarily on the problems of color vision, Alfred Yarbus dreamed of elaborating a comprehensive model that would simulate visual information processing at the monocular precognitive level in the visual system of humans with normal trichromatic color perception...
2015: Perception
Giuseppe Scimeca, Antonio Bruno, Gianluca Pandolfo, Giulia La Ciura, Rocco A Zoccali, Maria R A Muscatello
This study investigated whether people who report recurrent extrasensory perception (ESP) experiences (telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition) have suffered more traumatic experiences and traumatic intrusions. Thirty-one nonclinical participants reporting recurrent ESP experiences were compared with a nonclinical sample of 31 individuals who did not report recurrent ESP phenomena. Past traumatic experiences were assessed via a self-report measure of trauma history (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire); traumatic intrusions were assessed via a performance-based personality measure (Rorschach Traumatic Content Index)...
November 2015: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Marieke Jepma, Tor D Wager
Classical conditioning can profoundly modify subsequent pain responses, but the mechanisms that drive this effect are unresolved. In pain-conditioning studies, cues are typically conditioned to primary aversive reinforcers; hence, subsequent pain modulation could reflect learned precognitive associations (i.e., those involving neural plasticity independent of expectations and other forms of conceptual thought) or conceptual expectancies. We isolated conceptual contributions using a thermal pain-conditioning procedure in which different conditioned stimulus (CS) cues were repeatedly paired with symbolic representations of high and low noxious heat...
November 2015: Psychological Science
Tomoharu Yoshiya, Yoshihiro Miyata, Yuta Ibuki, Takahiro Mimae, Yasuhiro Tsutani, Haruhiko Nakayama, Sakae Okumura, Masahiro Yoshimura, Morihito Okada
BACKGROUND: Findings on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) are surrogate markers of malignancy in lung adenocarcinoma. Breathing during PET/CT can substantially reduce the maximum standardized uptake value (maxSUV) of lung tumors when they are located at the lower zone (LZ). OBJECTIVES: We assessed whether lung cancer location influences the malignancy predicted by maxSUV. METHODS: 608 patients with clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma had been preoperatively examined by PET/CT and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT)...
2015: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Glenn A M Hitchman, Simon J Sherwood, Chris A Roe
CONTEXT: Many spontaneous cases of extra-sensory perception (ESP) seem to occur without the conscious intent of the experient to manifest any anomalous phenomena. Indeed, Stanford׳s psi-mediated instrumental response (PMIR) theory, which frames ESP as a goal-oriented function, goes as far as to suggest that such intent may be counterproductive to psi. OBJECTIVES: The present study was the latest to build on the successful paradigm developed by Luke and colleagues in testing the non-intentional psi hypothesis and potential covariates of psi task success...
March 2015: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
A E Bobrov, L A Krasnoslobodtseva, E M Mutnykh, A A Kursakov
The characteristics of cognitive impairment in depression are reviewed. Data of literature indicate that cognitive impairment may serve as a predictor of depression recurrence and poor prognosis of antidepressant therapy. In this view, we consider the importance of assessment of cognitive impairment and differential use of medications with precognitive effect (bupropion, vorteoxetine and some SSRI antidepressants as well as fluvoxamine, which is a potent agonist of the sigma-1-receptor).
2014: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Michael S Franklin, Stephen L Baumgart, Jonathan W Schooler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
Katy Price
Using letters sent to British playwright J. B. Priestley in 1963, this paper explores the intersection between patient-focused history of psychiatry and the history of parapsychology in everyday life. Priestley's study of precognition lay outside the main currents of parapsychology, and his status as a storyteller encouraged confidences about anomalous temporal experience and mental illness. Drawing on virtue epistemology, I explore the regulation of subjectivity operated by Priestley in establishing the credibility of his correspondents in relation to their gender and mental health, and investigate the possibility of testimonial justice for these witnesses...
December 2014: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
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