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Methylene blue

Huiping Chen, Nan Chen, Chuanping Feng, Yu Gao
Ag6Si2O7, a visible light-driven photocatalyst, has attracted considerable attention owing to its enormous environmental remediation potential. In this work, a magnetic iron(II,III) oxide/titania/silver silicate (Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag6Si2O7) nanocomposite was synthesized by anchoring TiO2 and Ag6Si2O7 on the surface of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The morphology, crystal structure, as well as the spectroscopic, magnetic, and photocurrent properties of the as-prepared Fe3O4/TiO2/Ag6Si2O7 nanocomposite were studied. Methylene blue (MB) was used for evaluating the photocatalytic performance under simulated visible light...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Brindha Appavu, Sivakumar Thiripuranthagan, Sudhakar Ranganathan, Elangovan Erusappan, Kathiravan Kannan
Herein, we report the synthesis of novel nitrogen doped reduced graphene oxide/ BiVO4 photo catalyst by single step hydrothermal method. The physicochemical properties of the catalysts were characterized using XRD, N2 adsorption-desorption, Raman, XPS, SEM TEM, DRS-UV and EIS techniques. The synthesized catalysts were tested for their catalytic activity in the photo degradation of some harmful textile dyes (methylene blue & congo red) and antibiotics (metronidazole and chloramphenicol) under visible light irradiation...
January 10, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
F Tavakkoli, M Zahedifar, E Sadeghi
LaF3: Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by the co-precipitation method. The produced NPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, scanning electron microscope (SEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The emission spectrum of LaF3:Ag NPs is mostly overlapped with the absorption band of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) and their conjugation was confirmed by studying fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) from LaF3:Ag donor to protoporphyrin IX acceptor...
January 10, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Ahmed Salama, Peter Hesemann
N-guanidinium chitosan acetate, a new chitosan derivative, was prepared via direct guanylation reaction between chitosan and cyanamide in the presence of scandium (III) triflate. Treatment of N-guanidinium chitosan acetate with 3-(trihydroxysilyl)-1-propanesulphonic acid followed by sol-gel reaction allowed accessing N-guanidinium chitosan silica hybrid material. The new ionic microhybrid was characterized using 13C and 29Si solid state NMR, IR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and thermogravimetry...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Bilal Ahmed, Animesh K Ojha, Ajeet Singh, Florian Hirsch, Ingo Fischer, Donfack Patrice, Arnulf Materny
Finding the materials, which help to control the water pollution caused by organic and bacterial pollutants is one of the challenging tasks for the scientific community. 2D sheets of WO3 and composite of WO3 and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have been synthesized in a well-controlled way using a hydrothermal method. The as synthesized 2D sheet of WO3 and rGO-WO3 composite were characterized by various techniques. The 2D sheets of WO3 and rGO-WO3 composite are efficiently utilized for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) and Rhodamine B (RhB) dyes under sunlight...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Shengsen Wang, Yanxia Zhou, Shuwen Han, Nong Wang, Weiqin Yin, Xianqiang Yin, Bin Gao, Xiaozhi Wang, Jun Wang
Biochar(BC)-supported nanoscaled zinc oxide (nZO) was encapsulated either with (nZORc/BC) or with no (nZOR/BC) sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC). The X-ray diffraction and ultraviolet (UV)-visible-near infrared spectrophotometry revealed that nZO of 16, 10, and 20 nm with energy band gaps of 2.79, 3.68 and 2.62 eV were synthesized for nZOR/BC, nZORc/BC and nZO/BC, respectively. The Langmuir isotherm predicted saturated sorption of methylene blue (MB) was 17.01 g kg-1 for nZORc/BC, over 19 times greater than nZOR/BC and nZO/BC...
January 8, 2018: Chemosphere
Xiaomin Gong, Danlian Huang, Yunguo Liu, Guangming Zeng, Rongzhong Wang, Jingjing Wei, Chao Huang, Piao Xu, Jia Wan, Chen Zhang
This study aimed to investigate the effect of pyrolysis on the stabilization of heavy metals in plant residues obtained after phytoremediation. Ramie residues, being collected after phytoremediation of metal contaminated sediments, were pyrolyzed at different temperatures (300-700 °C). Results indicated that pyrolysis was effective in the stabilization of Cd, Cr, Zn, Cu, and Pb in ramie residues by converting the acid-soluble fraction of metals into residual form and decreasing the TCLP-leachable metal contents...
January 5, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Junyan Zou, Weijia Song, Weiguang Xie, Bo Huang, Huidong Yang, Zhi Luo
Here, we report a simple strategy to prepare highly sensitive surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates based on Ag decorated Cu<sub>2</sub>O nanoparticles by combing two commom techniques, viz, thermal oxidation growth of Cu<sub>2</sub>O nanoparticles and magnetron sputtering fabrication of Ag nanopartilce film. Methylene blue was used as raman analyte for the SERS study, and the substrates fabricated under optimized conditions have very good sensitivity (analytical enhancement facor ~10<sup>8</sup>) , stablility and reproducibility...
January 12, 2018: Nanotechnology
Yan Lv, Lin Yue, Qian Li, Baoyi Shao, Sen Zhao, Haitao Wang, Shijia Wu, Zhouping Wang
Herein, the design and synthesis of a multifunctional (Fe3O4-NaYF4:Yb,Tm)@TiO2 photocatalyst through a facile sol-gel process combined with electrostatic self-assembly has been reported. Particularly, as an upconversion sensor, NaYF4:Yb,Tm nanoparticles have the ability to convert near-infrared (NIR) light into ultraviolet (UV) emissions, so that the catalytic body TiO2 can indirectly utilize the NIR part of sunlight but not UV light. The excellent photocatalytic activity of the hybrid samples is evaluated using a model of the degradation of methylene blue (MB)...
January 12, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
L Dworak, S Roth, M P Scheffer, A S Frangakis, J Wachtveitl
CdTe core and CdTe/CdSe core/shell quantum dots (QD) are investigated with steady state and time-resolved spectroscopic methods. The coating of the CdTe core with a 0.7 nm thick CdSe shell shifts the lowest exciton absorption band to the red by more than 70 nm making the CdTe/CdSe QD an interesting candidate for application in solar energy conversion. Femtosecond transient absorption measurements are applied to study the photoinduced electron transfer (ET) to the molecular acceptor methylene blue (MB). ET times after single excitation of the QD are determined for different MB : QD ratios...
January 12, 2018: Nanoscale
Octavian C Neagoe, Mihaela Ionica, Octavian Mazilu
Objective To evaluate the efficacy of methylene blue in preventing recurrent symptomatic postoperative adhesions. Methods Patients with a history of >2 surgeries for intra-abdominal adhesion-related complications were selected for this study. Adhesiolysis surgery was subsequently performed using administration of 1% methylene blue. The follow-up period was 28.5 ± 11.1 months. Results Data were available from 20 patients (seven men and 13 women) whose mean ± SD age was 51.2 ± 11.4 years. Adhesions took longer to become symptomatic after the first abdominal surgery when the initial pathology was malignant compared with benign...
January 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Shu-Mei Xia, Yan-Qing Zhang, Ya-Fang Zheng, Chang-Song Xu, Guang-Min Liu
Doping non-metals into TiO2 has been regarded as a promising way to gain more effective photocatalyst. In this paper, N, F-codoped TiO2 was synthesized by sol-gel method, demonstrating both high adsorption capacity and high photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectra (UV-vis DRS ). The results show that N, F-codoping can reduce the impact of calcination temperature on the structure and morphology of the sample, and then the sample exhibits good thermal stability, even when the calcination temperature changes in a large range ,instead of rutile, the anatase around 20 nm is the only phase in N, F-codoped samples...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Technology
Yamei Liu, Caili Hou, Tifeng Jiao, Jingwen Song, Xu Zhang, Ruirui Xing, Jingxin Zhou, Lexin Zhang, Qiuming Peng
The design and self-assembly of graphene oxide (GO)-based composite membranes have attracted enormous attention due to their wide application in nanomaterial and environmental fields. In this work, we have successfully developed a strategy to fabricate new composite membranes based on poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(acrylic acid)/carboxyl-functionalized graphene oxide modified with silver nanoparticles (PVA/PAA/GO-COOH@AgNPs), which were prepared via thermal treatment and the electrospinning technique. Due to the strong π-π forces and strong electrostatic interactions of GO-COOH sheets, the prepared composite membranes and their lager surface areas were modified by scores of AgNPs, which demonstrated that a high-efficiency photocatalyst removed the organic dyes from the aqueous solutions...
January 10, 2018: Nanomaterials
Fenfen Zhao, Yuefei Rong, Junmin Wan, Zhiwen Hu, Zhiqin Peng, Bing Wang
MoS2 quantum dots (QDs) that are 5 nm in size were deposited on the surface of ultrathin TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) with 5 nm wall thickness by using an improved hydrothermal method to form a MoS2 QDs@TNT visible-light photocatalyst. The ultrathin TNTs with high percentage of photocatalytic reactive facets were fabricated by the commercially available TiO2 nanoparticles (P25) through an improved hydrothermal method, and the MoS2 QDs were acquired by using a surfactant-assisted technique. The novel MoS2 QDs@TNT photocatalysts showed excellent photocatalytic activity with a decolorization rate of 92% or approximately 3...
January 10, 2018: Nanotechnology
Kolsoum Pourzare, Saeed Farhadi, Yaghoub Mansourpanah
In this work, graphene oxide/Co3O4 nanocomposite was synthesized via hydrothermal decomposition of [Co(en)3] (NO3)3 complex onto graphene oxide nanosheets. The as-prepared nanocomposite (denoted as GO/Co3O4) was structurally characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopies (TEM and SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, magnetic measurements, and N2 adsorption-desorption analysis. The results demonstrated successful immobilization of Co3O4 nanoparticles with an average diameter size of around 12...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Saeed Farhadi, Mohammad Hakimi, Mansoureh Maleki
In this study, the PMo12O403- polyanion was immobilized chemically on amino functionalized magnetic graphene oxide nanosheets. The as-prepared ternary magnetic nanocomposite (Fe3O4/GO-NH2/H3PMo12O40) was characterized by powder X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), BET surface area measurements, magnetic measurements (VSM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Meghomukta Mukherjee, Jagannath Jana, Subhrangsu Chatterjee
Protein misfolding is interrelated to several diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases and type II diabetes. Misfolded/unfolded proteins produce soluble oligomers that accumulate into "amyloid plaques". Inhibition of amyloid-plaque formation by those misfolded/unfolded proteins will lead to the invention of new therapeutic approaches for amyloid-related diseases. Herein, methylene blue (MB), a well-defined drug against multiple diseases and disorders, is used to impede insulin fibrillation. In this study, we perform an array of in vitro experiments to monitor the effects of MB on the fibrillation of bovine insulin...
January 2018: ChemistryOpen
Yuan-Chang Liang, Ya-Ru Lo, Chein-Chung Wang, Nian-Cih Xu
ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanorods are synthesized by combining the hydrothermal method and vacuum sputtering. The core-shell nanorods with variable ZnS shell thickness (7-46 nm) are synthesized by varying ZnS sputtering duration. Structural analyses demonstrated that the as-grown ZnS shell layers are well crystallized with preferring growth direction of ZnS (002). The sputtering-assisted synthesized ZnO-ZnS core-shell nanorods are in a wurtzite structure. Moreover, photoluminance spectral analysis indicated that the introduction of a ZnS shell layer improved the photoexcited electron and hole separation efficiency of the ZnO nanorods...
January 7, 2018: Materials
Guangyan Tian, Wenbo Wang, Yongfeng Zhu, Li Zong, Yuru Kang, Aiqin Wang
Activated clay minerals have been widely used in the edible oil refining industry for decolorization of crude oil by adsorption, and so far many methods have been used to improve their decolorization efficiency. Herein, we successfully prepared a series of carbon/attapulgite (C/APT) composite adsorbents by a one-step in-situ carbonization process with natural starch (St) as the carbon source. It has been revealed that the adsorbent had better decolorization efficiency for crude palm oil than acid-activated APT...
January 6, 2018: Materials
Lingyu Tian, Yulan Rui, Kelei Sun, Wenquan Cui, Weijia An
The surface of ZnWO₄ nanorods was decorated with Cu₂O nanoparticles (Cu₂O/ZnWO₄) prepared through a precipitation method. The Cu₂O nanoparticles were tightly deposited on the ZnWO₄ surface and had average diameters of 20 nm. The nanoparticles not only promoted the absorption and utilization of visible light but also facilitated the separation of photogenerated charge carriers. This brought an improvement of the photocatalytic activity. The 5 wt % Cu₂O/ZnWO₄ photocatalyst displayed the highest degrade efficiency for methylene blue (MB) degradation under visible light, which was 7...
January 9, 2018: Nanomaterials
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