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primary peritoneal cancer

Rohan Parikh, Samantha K Kurosky, Margarita Udall, Jane Chang, Joseph C Cappelleri, Jim P Doherty, James A Kaye
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe real-world treatment patterns and outcomes in patients with platinum-refractory/resistant epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer (PRROC) in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. METHODS/MATERIALS: Physicians retrospectively reviewed medical records of women aged 18 years or older who were diagnosed with PRROC between January 2010 and June 2014. Patient characteristics, initial PRROC therapy, and health care utilization were assessed; progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were estimated using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards methods...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Naoto Takahashi, Mitsuro Kanda, Takaki Yoshikawa, Nobuhiro Takiguchi, Kazumasa Fujitani, Katsufumi Miyamoto, Yuichi Ito, Osamu Takayama, Motohiro Imano, Norio Mitsumori, Junichi Sakamoto, Satoshi Morita, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal administration of paclitaxel had been considered a promising option to treat peritoneal metastasis, the most frequent pattern of recurrence in gastric cancer after D2 gastrectomy, but its safety and efficacy after gastrectomy had not been fully explored. METHODS: A phase II randomized comparison of postoperative intraperitoneal (IP) vs. intravenous (IV) paclitaxel was conducted. Patients with resectable gastric linitis plastica, cancer with minimal amount of peritoneal deposits (P1), or cancer positive for the peritoneal washing cytology (CY1) were eligible...
March 13, 2018: Gastric Cancer
Marco Ceresoli, Apollonia Verrengia, Giulia Montori, Luisa Busci, Federico Coccolini, Luca Ansaloni, Luigi Frigerio
OBJECTIVE: Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been proposed as a treatment in ovarian cancer. A recently published RCT demonstrated that HIPEC prolongs disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in ovarian cancer. The aim of the study was to investigate oncologic results of cytoreductive surgery+HIPEC compared with cytoreductive surgery alone in advanced primary ovarian cancer with a particular attention to the pattern of recurrence. METHODS: This is a retrospective case control study with a propensity score (PS) matching of the patients...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Yalan Xu, Lei Li
Cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising from ovarian endometriosis have been rarely reported. Most of the patients show a poor prognosis and present with a diminished survival time. We present a SCC case arising from endometriosis, and analyzed the clinical, therapeutic, and pathologic features through a comprehensive literature review. A 43-year premenopausal woman (gravida 2, para 1) presented to our hospital due to sudden pain in lower abdomen. Exploratory laparotomy indicated rupture of left ovarian cyst and intra-abdominal hemorrhage were observed...
February 9, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
P H Cashin, H Mahteme, I Syk, J E Frödin, B Glimelius, W Graf
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) and cost-effectiveness between cytoreductive surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS + IPC) and systemic chemotherapy for patients with colorectal peritoneal metastases. METHODS: Patients included in the Swedish Peritoneal Trial comparing CRS + IPC and systemic chemotherapy completed the EORTC QLQ-C30 and SF-36 questionnaires at baseline, 2, 4, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. HRQOL at 24 months was the primary endpoint...
February 21, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Johanna M Gostner, Eva Obermayr, Ioana E Braicu, Nicole Concin, Sven Mahner, Adriaan Vanderstichele, Jalid Sehouli, Ignace Vergote, Dietmar Fuchs, Robert Zeillinger
OBJECTIVE: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may represent a chronic stimulus for the immune system. In the present study we investigated the potential association of CTCs, the immune activation marker neopterin, and the ratio of kynurenine to tryptophan (Kyn/Trp) as a measure for tryptophan breakdown. METHODS: Neopterin, tryptophan and kynurenine levels were measured in plasma samples from patients with benign gynecological diseases (n=65) and with primary advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) at diagnosis (n=216) and six months after adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy (n=45) by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and high performance liquid chromatography...
March 9, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Cheng-I Liao, Stephanie Chow, Lee-May Chen, Daniel S Kapp, Amandeep Mann, John K Chan
OBJECTIVE: To identify the trends in incidence of serous fallopian tube, ovarian, and peritoneal epithelial cancers in the United States. METHODS: Data was obtained from United States Cancer Statistics (USCS) from 2001 to 2014. All incidences are per 100,000 women. Analyses were performed using SEER*Stat and Joinpoint regression programs. RESULTS: Of the 146,470 patients with serous cancers, 9381 (6.4%) were fallopian tube, 121,418 (82.9%) were ovarian, and 15,671 (10...
March 4, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Maria Lee, Yumi Lee, Kidong Kim, Eun Young Park, Myong Cheol Lim, Jung-Sup Kim, Hee Seung Kim, Yong-Beom Kim, Yong-Man Kim, Jungnam Joo, Sang Yoon Park, Chel Hun Choi, Jae-Hoon Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop Korean versions of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network/Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (NCCN-FACT) Ovarian Symptom Index-18 (NFOSI-18) and FACT/Gynecologic Oncology Group (FACT-GOG) Neurotoxicity 4-item (NTX-4), evaluating their reliability and reproducibility. Materials and Methods: In converting NFOSI-18 and NTX-4, the following steps were performed: forward translation, backward translation, expert review, pretest of preliminary format, and finalization of Korean versions (K-NFOSI-18 and K-NTX-4)...
March 7, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Yinzhi Lin, Tamami Ukaji, Naoki Koide, Kazuo Umezawa
We previously designed and synthesized dehydroxyepoxyquinomicin (DHMEQ) as an inhibitor of NF-κB based on the structure of microbial secondary metabolite epoxyquinomicin C. DHMEQ showed anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity in various in vivo disease models without toxicity. On the other hand, the process of cancer metastasis consists of cell detachment from the primary tumor, invasion, transportation by blood or lymphatic vessels, invasion, attachment, and formation of secondary tumor. Cell detachment from the primary tumor and subsequent invasion are considered to be early phases of metastasis, while tumor cell attachment to the tissue and secondary tumor formation the late phases...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Lee Shyang Kyang, Sarah J Valle, Nayef A Alzahrani, David L Morris
Peritoneal metastasis (PM) following primary resection of colorectal cancer is common. The combined use of cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy has significantly improved the survival outcome of patients with colorectal PM (CRPM). Diagnosing and treating early PM is essential as its extent is correlated with poorer outcomes. There are two novel therapies - second-look surgery and synchronous hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy - that are proposed to prophylactically treat or intervene early in the disease process to reduce the incidence and adverse outcomes associated with PM...
March 6, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Mingo Ming-Ho Yung, Hermit Wai-Man Tang, Patty Chun-Hui Cai, Thomas Ho-Yin Leung, Siew-Fei Ngu, Karen Kar-Loen Chan, Dakang Xu, Huijuan Yang, Hextan Yuen-Sheung Ngan, David Wai Chan
Intraperitoneal metastasis is a common occurrence and is usually involved in the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer. Its specific metastatic pattern implies that certain indispensable microenvironmental factors secreted in the peritoneal cavity can direct metastatic ovarian cancer cells to permissive niches for secondary lesion formation. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are ill defined. Herein, we report that GRO-α and IL-8 are predominately upregulated in culture media derived from either normal or cancerous omenta and are associated with increased ovarian cancer aggressiveness...
2018: Theranostics
Hanifi Sahin, Mehmet Mutlu Meydanli, Mustafa Erkan Sari, Ibrahim Yalcin, Gonca Çoban, Nazlı Topfedaisi Ozkan, Zeliha Firat Cuylan, Baki Erdem, Kemal Gungorduk, Özgür Akbayir, Murat Dede, Mustafa Coşkun Salman, Tayfun Güngör, Ali Ayhan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the prognosis of non-serous epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients with exclusively retroperitoneal lymph node (LN) metastases, and to compare the prognosis of these women to that of patients who had abdominal peritoneal involvement. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective department database review was performed to identify patients with stage III non-serous EOC at 7 gynecologic oncology centers in Turkey...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Mark B Bignell, Akash M Mehta, Sue Alves, Kandiah Chandrakumaran, Sanjeev P Dayal, Faheez Mohamed, Tom D Cecil, Brendan J Moran
AIM: Ovarian metastases from gastrointestinal tract malignancy have been considered an ominous finding with poor prognosis. The aim of this project was to determine the impact on survival, and potential cure, when cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are combined to treat peritoneal malignancy in women with Krukenberg tumours. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data between January 2010 and July 2015...
March 4, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Daniela Matei, Sharad Ghamande, Lynda D Roman, Angeles Alvarez Secord, John Nemunaitis, Merry Jennifer Markham, Kenneth P Nephew, Simone Jueliger, Aram Oganesian, Sue Naim, Xiang-Yao Su, Harold N Keer, Mohammad Azab, Gini Fleming
PURPOSE: Epigenetic changes are implicated in acquired resistance to platinum. Guadecitabine is a next-generation hypomethylating agent (HMA). Here we report the clinical results, along with pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic analyses of the phase 1 study of guadecitabine and carboplatin (G+C) in patients with recurrent, platinum resistant high-grade serous ovarian cancer (OC), primary peritoneal carcinoma (PPC), or fallopian tube cancer (FTC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Guadecitabine was administered once daily on Days 1-5 followed by carboplatin IV on Day 8 of a 28-day cycle...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Luchuan Chen, Shenghong Wei, Zaisheng Ye, Jun Xiao, Yi Zeng, Yi Wang, Zhenmeng Lin, Zhitao Lin, Xiaoling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safty and feasibility of the D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No.12p and No.8p for gastric carcinoma (GC). METHODS: Clinical data of 1801 GC patients undergoing D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No.12p and No.8p at Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2000 to January 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. Inclusion case criteria: (1)age of 18 to 90 years;(2)pathologically diagnosed as GC and receiving D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
S Campbell, A Gentry-Maharaj
Ovarian cancer is a low-prevalence postmenopausal cancer with a high mortality rate and is the fifth most lethal cancer in women. The most common serous subtype with TP53 mutations spreads rapidly throughout the peritoneal cavity (stage III/IV) when 5-year survival is 10%. If diagnosed while confined to the ovary (stage I), the survival rate exceeds 90%. This is the rationale for screening. Annual transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) scans used as a primary screening modality or as a second-line test following primary screening with serum CA125 (multimodal) have been investigated in several trials...
March 1, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Elisa Schmoeckel, Thomas Kirchner, Doris Mayr
The differentiation between a primary mucinous ovarian neoplasm and an extra-ovarian metastasis in the ovary is often challenging in the histopathologic practice. Among various ovarian metastases from the gastro-intestinal tract the low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN) is an important differential diagnosis to consider particularly in case of pseudomyxoma peritonei. A newly recognized marker in the routine diagnostic of a mucinous neoplasm in the ovary is SATB2 (Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2)...
December 14, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
Yang Liu, Yutaka Yonemura, Edward A Levine, Olivier Glehen, Diane Goere, Dominique Elias, David L Morris, Paul H Sugarbaker, Jean J Tuech, Peter Cashin, John D Spiliotis, Ignace de Hingh, Wim Ceelen, Joel M Baumgartner, Pompiliu Piso, Kanji Katayama, Marcello Deraco, Shigeki Kusamura, Marc Pocard, François Quenet, Sachio Fushita
BACKGROUND: The multi-institutional registry in this study evaluated the outcome after cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for patients with peritoneal metastases (PM) from small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA). METHODS: A multi-institutional data registry including 152 patients with PM from SBA was established. The primary end point was overall survival (OS) after CRS plus HIPEC. RESULTS: Between 1989 and 2016, 152 patients from 21 institutions received a treatment of CRS plus HIPEC...
February 26, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Tomohiro Tate, Yudai Fukui, Kenji Tomizawa, Yutaka Hanaoka, Shigeo Toda, Shuichiro Matoba, Hiroya Kuroyanagi
BACKGROUND: The local recurrence of rectal cancer classifies 4 types, anterior, posterior, lateral compartment and anastomotic site. This study evaluates outcome of laparoscopic lateral lymph node dissection(LLND)against the lateral lymph node recurrence. METHOD: Five patients were diagnosed as the lateral lymph node recurrence and underwent laparoscopic LLND. We diagnosed the lateral lymph node recurrence by CT, MRI and PET-CT. All cases revealed abnormal uptake on PET-CT...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Masakazu Ikenaga, Katsuya Ohta, Masami Ueda, Hiroaki Itakura, Hirotoshi Takayama, Yujiro Tsuda, Shinsuke Nakashima, Shinichi Adachi, Shunji Endo, Terumasa Yamada
We studied the clinicopathological findings of 8 patients with perforated colorectal cancer. Four patients were male. In 7 patients, the primary cancer site was left side colon. Chief complaints were abdominal pain in 7 patients and diarrhea in 1 patient. The emergent operation was performed in all cases. The final stages of 8 patients were as follows: 5 patients with Stage II, 2 patients with Stage III, 1 patient with Stage IV. All patients were discharged from our hospital. Postoperative chemotherapy was performed for 5 patients...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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