keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cell type gene expression

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738017/distinct-oxysterol-requirements-for-positioning-na%C3%A3-ve-and-activated-dendritic-cells-in-the-spleen
#1
Erick Lu, Eric V Dang, Jeffrey G McDonald, Jason G Cyster
Correct positioning of dendritic cells (DCs) is critical for efficient pathogen encounter and antigen presentation. Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 2 (EBI2) has been identified as a chemoattractant receptor required for naïve CD4(+)DCIR2(+) DC positioning in response to 7α,25-hydroxycholesterol (7α,25-HC). We now provide evidence that a second EBI2 ligand, 7α,27-HC, is involved in splenic DCIR2(+) DC positioning and homeostasis. Cyp27a1, the enzyme uniquely required for 7α,27-HC synthesis, is expressed by stromal cells in the region of naïve DC localization...
April 7, 2017: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737923/co-silencing-intestinal-transglutaminase-2-and-interleukin-15-using-gelatin-based-nanoparticles-in-an-in-vitro-model-of-celiac-disease
#2
Husain Attarwala, Valerie Clausen, Prasoon Chaturvedi, Mansoor M Amiji
In this study, we have developed type B gelatin-based nanoparticle based siRNA delivery system for silencing of intestinal transglutaminase-2 (TG2) and interleukin-15 (IL-15) genes in cultured human intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2) and murine alveolar macrophage cells (J774A.1). Small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting the TG2 or IL-15 gene was encapsulated within gelatin nanoparticles using ethanol-water solvent displacement method. Size, charge and morphology of gelatin nanoparticles were evaluated using Zetasizer instrument and transmission electron microscopy...
July 24, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737830/role-of-triosephosphate-isomerase-and-downstream-functional-genes-on-gastric-cancer
#3
Tingting Chen, Zhigang Huang, Yunxiao Tian, Haiwei Wang, Ping Ouyang, Haoqin Chen, Lili Wu, Bode Lin, Rongwei He
Triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) is highly expressed in many types of human tumors and is involved in migration and invasion of cancer cells. However, TPI clinicopathological significance and malignant function in gastric cancer (GC) have not been well defined. The present study aimed to examine TPI expression in GC tissue and its biological functions. Furthermore, we investigated its downstream genes by gene chip technology. Our results showed that TPI expression was higher in gastric cancer tissues than adjacent tissues, although no statistical differences were found between TPI expression and clinicopathological factors...
July 24, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737690/synthesis-physico-chemical-characterization-crystal-structure-and-influence-on-microbial-and-tumor-cells-of-some-co-ii-complexes-with-5-7-dimethyl-1-2-4-triazolo-1-5-a-pyrimidine
#4
Luminiţa Măruţescu, Larisa Calu, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, Coralia Bleotu, Constantin-Gabriel Daniliuc, Denisa Fălcescu, Crina Maria Kamerzan, Mihaela Badea, Rodica Olar
Three complexes, namely [Co(dmtp)₂(OH₂)₄][CoCl₄] (1), [Co(dmtp)₂Cl₂] (2) and [Co(dmtp)₂(OH₂)₄]Cl₂∙2H₂O (3) (dmtp: 5,7-dimethyl-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine), were synthesized and characterized by spectral (IR, UV-Vis-NIR), and magnetic measurements at room temperature, as well as single crystal X-ray diffraction. Complex (1) crystallizes in monoclinic system (space group C2/c), complex (2) adopts an orthorhombic system (space group Pbca), and complex (3) crystallizes in triclinic system (space group P1)...
July 22, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737171/brg1-swi-snf-dependent-regulation-of-the-wt1-transcriptional-landscape-mediates-epicardial-activity-during-heart-development-and-disease
#5
Joaquim Miguel Vieira, Sara Howard, Cristina Villa Del Campo, Sveva Bollini, Karina N Dubé, Megan Masters, Damien N Barnette, Mala Rohling, Xin Sun, Laura E Hankins, Daria Gavriouchkina, Ruth Williams, Daniel Metzger, Pierre Chambon, Tatjana Sauka-Spengler, Benjamin Davies, Paul R Riley
Epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs) contribute cardiovascular cell types during development and in adulthood respond to Thymosin β4 (Tβ4) and myocardial infarction (MI) by reactivating a fetal gene programme to promote neovascularization and cardiomyogenesis. The mechanism for epicardial gene (re-)activation remains elusive. Here we reveal that BRG1, the essential ATPase subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin-remodelling complex, is required for expression of Wilms' tumour 1 (Wt1), fetal EPDC activation and subsequent differentiation into coronary smooth muscle, and restores Wt1 activity upon MI...
July 24, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736626/molecular-landscape-and-sub-classification-of-gastrointestinal-cancers-a-review-of-literature
#6
REVIEW
Bita Fakhri, Kian-Huat Lim
The historical approach of diagnosing cancer types based entirely on anatomic origin and histologic features, and the "one-size-fit-all" therapeutic approach, are inadequate in modern cancer treatment. From decades of research we now know that cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease driven by complex genetic or epigenetic alterations. The advent of various high throughput molecular tools has now enabled us to view and sub-classify each cancer type based on their distinct molecular features, in addition to histologic classification, with the promise of individualized treatment strategies tailored towards each specific subtype to improve patient outcomes...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736504/pleomorphism-and-drug-resistant-cancer-stem-cells-are-characteristic-of-aggressive-primary-meningioma-cell-lines
#7
Ishaq Khan, Saleh Baeesa, Mohammed Bangash, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Fahad Alghamdi, Hanadi Qashqari, Nawal Madkhali, Angel Carracedo, Mohamad Saka, Awatif Jamal, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Mohammed AlQahtani, Saleh Al-Karim, Ghazi Damanhouri, Kulvinder Saini, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah, Deema Hussein
BACKGROUND: Meningioma tumors arise in arachnoid membranes, and are the most reported central nervous system (CNS) tumors worldwide. Up to 20% of grade I meningioma tumors reoccur and currently predictive cancer stem cells (CSCs) markers for aggressive and drug resistant meningiomas are scarce. METHODS: Meningioma tissues and primary cell lines were investigated using whole transcriptome microarray analysis, immunofluorescence staining of CSCs markers (including CD133, Sox2, Nestin, and Frizzled 9), and drug treatment with cisplatin or etoposide...
2017: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736299/n-acetylglucosamine-the-building-block-of-chitin-inhibits-growth-of-neurospora-crassa
#8
Romana Gaderer, Verena Seidl-Seiboth, Ronald P de Vries, Bernhard Seiboth, Lisa Kappel
N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) is the monomer of the polysaccharide chitin, an essential structural component of the fungal cell wall and the arthropod exoskeleton. We recently showed that the genes encoding the enzymes for GlcNAc catabolism are clustered in several ascomycetes. In the present study we tested these fungi for growth on GlcNAc and chitin. All fungi, containing the GlcNAc gene cluster, could grow on GlcNAc with the exception of four independent Neurospora crassa wild-type isolates, which were however able to grow on chitin...
July 20, 2017: Fungal Genetics and Biology: FG & B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736297/1%C3%AE-hydroxy-derivatives-of-7-dehydrocholesterol-are-selective-liver-x-receptor-modulators
#9
Kaori Endo-Umeda, Atsushi Aoyama, Masato Shimizu, Minoru Ishikawa, Yuichi Hashimoto, Sachiko Yamada, Makoto Makishima
The nuclear receptors liver X receptor (LXR) α and LXRβ are involved in the regulation of lipid metabolism, inflammation, immunity, cellular proliferation, and apoptosis. Oxysterols are endogenous LXR ligands, and also interact with other nuclear and membrane receptors. We previously reported that a phytosterol derivative with a 1α-hydroxy group acts as a potent LXR agonist with intestine-selective action and that 25-hydroxy and 26/27-hydroxy metabolites of 7-dehydrocholsterol (7-DHC) exhibit partial LXR agonism...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736246/in-vitro-osteoclastogenesis-from-gaucher-patients-cells-correlates-with-bone-mineral-density-but-not-with-chitotriosidase
#10
C Bondar, J Mucci, A Crivaro, M Ormazabal, R Ceci, B Oliveri, D González, P Rozenfeld
Gaucher disease (GD) is caused by mutations on the gene encoding for the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase. Type I GD (GD1) patients present anemia, hepatosplenomegaly and bone alterations. In spite of treatment, bone alterations in GD patients persist, including poor bone mineral density (BMD). Mechanisms leading to bone damage are not completely understood, but previous reports suggest that osteoclasts are involved. Chitotriosidase (CHIT) is the most reliable biomarker used in the follow up of patients, although its correlation with bone status is unknown...
July 20, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736243/from-insulin-synthesis-to-secretion-alternative-splicing-of-type-2-ryanodine-receptor-gene-is-essential-for-insulin-secretion-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#11
Hiroshi Okamoto, Shin Takasawa, Yasuhiko Yamamoto
Increases in the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in pancreatic islets, resulting from the its mobilization from the intracellular source through the ryanodine receptor, are essential for insulin secretion by glucose. Cyclic ADP-ribose, a potent Ca(2+) mobilizing second messenger synthesized from NAD(+) by CD38, regulates the opening of ryanodine receptor. A novel ryanodine receptor mRNA (the islet-type ryanodine receptor) was found to be generated from the type 2 ryanodine receptor gene by the alternative splicing of exons 4 and 75...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736215/human-ipsc-glial-mouse-chimeras-reveal-glial-contributions-to-schizophrenia
#12
Martha S Windrem, Mikhail Osipovitch, Zhengshan Liu, Janna Bates, Devin Chandler-Militello, Lisa Zou, Jared Munir, Steven Schanz, Katherine McCoy, Robert H Miller, Su Wang, Maiken Nedergaard, Robert L Findling, Paul J Tesar, Steven A Goldman
In this study, we investigated whether intrinsic glial dysfunction contributes to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia (SCZ). Our approach was to establish humanized glial chimeric mice using glial progenitor cells (GPCs) produced from induced pluripotent stem cells derived from patients with childhood-onset SCZ. After neonatal implantation into myelin-deficient shiverer mice, SCZ GPCs showed premature migration into the cortex, leading to reduced white matter expansion and hypomyelination relative to controls...
July 18, 2017: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736172/early-integration-of-temperature-and-humidity-stimuli-in-the-drosophila-brain
#13
Dominic D Frank, Anders Enjin, Genevieve C Jouandet, Emanuela E Zaharieva, Alessia Para, Marcus C Stensmyr, Marco Gallio
The Drosophila antenna contains receptor neurons for mechanical, olfactory, thermal, and humidity stimuli. Neurons expressing the ionotropic receptor IR40a have been implicated in the selection of an appropriate humidity range [1, 2], but although previous work indicates that insect hygroreceptors may be made up by a "triad" of neurons (with a dry-, a cold-, and a humid-air-responding cell [3]), IR40a expression included only cold- and dry-air cells. Here, we report the identification of the humid-responding neuron that completes the hygrosensory triad in the Drosophila antenna...
July 13, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735866/microrna-193-5p-modulates-angiogenesis-through-igf2-in-type-2-diabetic-cardiomyopathy
#14
Fan Yi, Yuqiang Shang, Bing Li, Shilin Dai, Wei Wu, Long Cheng, Xiancan Wang
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetic cardiomyopathy are often associated with increasing risk of heart failure. In this work, we used animal model to characterize the angiogenic effect of microRNA-193-5p, miR-193-5p in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats' myocardial microvascular endothelial cells, MMEC(GK). METHODS: MiR-193-5p in MMEC(GK) was compared to its expression in Wistar rat MMEC. In MMEC(GK), miR-193-5p was downregulated through viral infection. Its angiogenic effects on MMEC(GK) migration and proliferation were assessed by transwell and MTT assays, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735527/fibroblast-activating-protein-%C3%AE-expression-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus-in-primary-and-irradiated-tumors-the-use-of-archival-ffpe-material-for-molecular-techniques
#15
Renata Tabola, Magdalena Zaremba-Czogalla, Dagmara Baczynska, Roberto Cirocchi, Kamila Stach, Krzysztof Grabowski, Katarzyna Augoff
There are numerous reports suggesting that fibroblast activating protein-α (FAP-α) plays an important role in invasion of various tumor types. We studied the expression pattern of FAP-α in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients who had not been treated primarily and those who had received neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy. Our goal was to establish whether readily available tissue specimens fixed in formalin and stored in paraffin blocks for years might still be a source of FAP-α RNA for PCR analysis...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735515/determination-of-cell-fate-in-skeletal-muscle-following-bmp-gene-transfer-by-in-vivo-electroporation
#16
Mariko Kawai, Yu-Ki Ohmori, Mai Nishino, Masayo Yoshida, Kaori Tabata, Do-Saku Hirota, Ayako Ryu-Mon, Hiromitsu Yamamoto, Junya Sonobe, Yo-Hei Kataoka, Noriko Shiotsu, Mika Ikegame, Hiroki Maruyama, Toshio Yamamoto, Kazuhisa Bessho, Kiyoshi Ohura
We previously developed a novel method for gene transfer, which combined a non-viral gene expression vector with transcutaneous in vivo electroporation. We applied this method to transfer the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) gene and induce ectopic bone formation in rat skeletal muscles. At present, it remains unclear which types of cells can differentiate into osteogenic cells after BMP gene transfer by in vivo electroporation. Two types of stem cells in skeletal muscle can differentiate into osteogenic cells: muscle-derived stem cells, and bone marrow-derived stem cells in the blood...
May 5, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735351/multiple-correlation-analyses-revealed-complex-relationship-between-dna-methylation-and-mrna-expression-in-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#17
Fang-Fei Xie, Fei-Yan Deng, Long-Fei Wu, Xing-Bo Mo, Hong Zhu, Jian Wu, Yu-Fan Guo, Ke-Qin Zeng, Ming-Jun Wang, Xiao-Wei Zhu, Wei Xia, Lan Wang, Pei He, Peng-Fei Bing, Xin Lu, Yong-Hong Zhang, Shu-Feng Lei
DNA methylation is an important regulator on the mRNA expression. However, a genome-wide correlation pattern between DNA methylation and mRNA expression in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is largely unknown. The comprehensive relationship between mRNA and DNA methylation was explored by using four types of correlation analyses and a genome-wide methylation-mRNA expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) analysis in PBMCs in 46 unrelated female subjects. An enrichment analysis was performed to detect biological function for the detected genes...
July 22, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735290/membrane-tethered-metalloproteinase-expressed-by-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-limits-the-progression-of-proliferative-atherosclerotic-lesions
#18
Richard H Barnes, Takeshi Akama, Miina K Öhman, Moon-Sook Woo, Julian Bahr, Stephen J Weiss, Daniel T Eitzman, Tae-Hwa Chun
BACKGROUND: The MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) family plays diverse and critical roles in directing vascular wall remodeling in atherosclerosis. Unlike secreted-type MMPs, a member of the membrane-type MMP family, MT1-MMP (membrane-type 1 MMP; MMP14), mediates pericellular extracellular matrix degradation that is indispensable for maintaining physiological extracellular matrix homeostasis. However, given the premature mortality exhibited by MT1-MMP-null mice, the potential role of the proteinase in atherogenesis remains elusive...
July 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735095/regulation-of-lipid-droplet-associated-proteins-by-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors
#19
REVIEW
Montserrat A de la Rosa Rodriguez, Sander Kersten
Excess fatty acids are stored in cells as triglycerides in specialized organelles called lipid droplets (LD). LD can be found in nearly all cell types and may expand during certain (patho)physiological conditions. The synthesis and breakdown of triglycerides and their deposition in LD is governed by a diverse set of enzymes and LD-associated proteins. These proteins serve structural roles in and around LD and regulate the activity of key lipogenic and lipolytic enzymes. The LD-associated proteins are subject to multiple regulatory mechanisms at the protein and gene expression level...
July 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735035/the-lamin-code
#20
Nadir M Maraldi
Unicellular eukaryotes and metazoa present a nuclear envelope (NE) and metazoa express in it one or more lamins that give rise to the nuclear lamina. The expression of different types of lamins is related to the complexity of the organism and the expression of type-A lamins is related to the initial steps of tissue-specific cell differentiation. Several posttranslational modifications characterize the expression of lamin A in the course of cell differentiation, and the alteration of this expression pattern leads to impressive phenotypic diseases that are collectively referred to as laminopathies...
July 19, 2017: Bio Systems
keyword
keyword
6380
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"