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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231269/a-mouse-model-of-paralytic-myelitis-caused-by-enterovirus-d68
#1
Alison M Hixon, Guixia Yu, J Smith Leser, Shigeo Yagi, Penny Clarke, Charles Y Chiu, Kenneth L Tyler
In 2014, the United States experienced an epidemic of acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) cases in children coincident with a nationwide outbreak of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) respiratory disease. Up to half of the 2014 AFM patients had EV-D68 RNA detected by RT-PCR in their respiratory secretions, although EV-D68 was only detected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from one 2014 AFM patient. Given previously described molecular and epidemiologic associations between EV-D68 and AFM, we sought to develop an animal model by screening seven EV-D68 strains for the ability to induce neurological disease in neonatal mice...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230611/values-for-bony-acetabular-roof-angle-and-percentage-femoral-head-cover-in-a-selective-ultrasound-neonatal-hip-screening-programme-effect-of-age-sex-and-side
#2
A Graham Wilkinson, Sally Wilkinson, Robert A Elton
Published maturation curves for bony acetabular roof or α angle (AA) and percentage femoral head cover (FHC) with age are sparse. We aimed to determine typical values for AA and FHC in 2236 infants referred to a selective ultrasound screening programme. There was increase in the values of first measurement of AA and FHC related to the logarithm of age. Males had greater values than females (P<0.001) and right hips had greater values than left (P<0.001) for both measurements. Significant side differences have not been reported previously...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224042/a-new-mutation-found-in-newborn-screening-for-fabry-disease-evaluated-by-plasma-globotriaosylsphingosine-levels
#3
Yasutsugu Chinen, Sadao Nakamura, Tomohide Yoshida, Hiroki Maruyama, Kimitoshi Nakamura
A pilot study of newborn screening for Fabry disease was performed in Okinawa, Japan. A total of 2,443 neonates were screened using dried blood spot samples over 7 years starting in 2007. Of 13 neonates determined to have low α-galactosidase A (GLA) activity, one boy had a new missense mutation, p.G144D of the GLA gene. This mutation was considered to be a late-onset type, as evaluated based on plasma globotriaosylsphingosine levels and family history.
2017: Human Genome Variation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219965/a-public-health-response-to-opioid-use-in-pregnancy
#4
Stephen W Patrick, Davida M Schiff
The use of opioids during pregnancy has grown rapidly in the past decade. As opioid use during pregnancy increased, so did complications from their use, including neonatal abstinence syndrome. Several state governments responded to this increase by prosecuting and incarcerating pregnant women with substance use disorders; however, this approach has no proven benefits for maternal or infant health and may lead to avoidance of prenatal care and a decreased willingness to engage in substance use disorder treatment programs...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219359/congenital-tuberculosis-in-an-extremely-preterm-infant-conceived-after-in-vitro-fertilization-case-report
#5
Veronica Samedi, Stephen K Field, Essa Al Awad, Gregory Ratcliffe, Kamran Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Congenital tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of tuberculosis. The diagnosis is often delayed, especially in preterm neonates because of the non-specific clinical presentation and the lack of awareness of maternal disease prior to pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of congenital tuberculosis in an infant born at 24 weeks of gestation to a mother who presented with uncontrolled seizures during preterm labor. Maternal diagnosis was initially made by placental pathology, and later confirmed by isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in urine, gastric aspirates and sputum...
February 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212920/neonatal-lupus-follow-up-in-infants-with-anti-ssa-ro-antibodies-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Antonio Alberto Zuppa, Riccardo Riccardi, Simonetta Frezza, Francesca Gallini, Rita Maria Paola Luciano, Giovanni Alighieri, Costantino Romagnoli, Sara De Carolis
Neonatal Lupus Syndrome (NLS) is a distinct clinical entity caused by transplacental passage of maternal anti-SSA/Ro antibodies (Ab). Mothers may have systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome, or other connective tissue disease, or may be completely healthy at the time of giving birth. NLS includes several clinical manifestations: complete congenital heart block (CCHB) and cutaneous lupus are the most common, while hepatobiliary disease, hematological manifestations and central nervous system involvement may occur...
February 14, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212589/a-multicenter-initiative-for-critical-congenital-heart-disease-newborn-screening-in-texas-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#7
Alice Gong, Charleta Guillory, Liza Creel, Judith Ellen Livingtson, Tiffany M McKee-Garrett, Regine Fortunov
Objective The objective of this study was to implement a strategy for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) newborn screening in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Design A NICU-specific curriculum, screening algorithm, slide presentations, and templates of orders, policies, and procedures were developed into a toolkit for training NICU personnel. Screening was conducted on first and second screen pre- and postductal oxygen saturations (SpO2) on newborns admitted or transferred to the NICU. Results We trained 347 NICU personnel in 13 Texas hospitals, representing rural, suburban, and metropolitan settings...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208888/haemoglobinopathies-and-%C3%AE-thalassaemia-among-the-tribals-working-in-the-tea-gardens-of-assam-india
#8
Anju Barhai Teli, Rumi Deori, Sidhartha Protim Saikia
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of haemoglobinopathies and β-thalassaemia are very high in India but information about its status among the tribals working in the tea gardens of Assam is very less. AIM: The present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of haemoglobinopathies and β-thalassaemia among the tribals working in the tea gardens of Assam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 1204 samples from the tribals working in tea gardens of Assam were analysed for both Complete Blood Count (CBC) and High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) for detection of haemoglobinopathies and β-thalassaemia...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#9
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207571/systematic-review-of-interventions-to-reduce-psychiatric-morbidity-in-parents-and-children-after-picu-admissions
#10
Samantha C Baker, Julia A Gledhill
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate interventions aimed at reducing psychiatric morbidity in parents and children discharged from PICU. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken, searching EMBASE, PSYCHinfo, MEDLINE, and CINAHL. Experts in the field were contacted to identify unpublished studies. STUDY SELECTION: Exclusion criteria: Studies with participants above age 18 or drawn from a neonatal ICU, studies not in English, and those not measuring psychopathology...
February 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203335/is-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-developmental-screening-test-valid-and-reliable-for-persian-speaking-children
#11
Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have substantially improved the survival of at-risk infants over the past two decades. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler developmental Screening test in Persian-speaking children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 403 children aged 1 - 42-months. The Bayley scales screening instrument, which consists of five domains (cognitive, receptive, and expressive communication and fine and gross motor items), was used to measure infants' and toddlers' development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203327/a-rapid-screening-test-on-dried-blood-for-the-neonatal-diagnosis-of-tyrosinemia-type-i
#12
Farahnaz Bodaghkhan, Bita Geramizadeh, Abbas Abdollah Rajeh, Mahmoud Haghighat, Mohsen Dehghani, Naser Honar, Mojgan Zahmatkeshan, Mohammad-Hadi Imanieh
BACKGROUND: Tyrosinemia is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by elevated levels of tyrosine and its metabolites in plasma. Without treatment, the disease will progress to hepatic and renal failure, so that without liver transplantation will cause death in less than 10 years of age. So, early diagnosis and treatment can be life saving and crucial. It means that with early treatment starting in the neonatal period, the patient can have normal life with very few restrictions in diets containing tyrosine and phenylalanine...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203073/health-status-and-lung-function-in-the-swedish-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficient-cohort-identified-by-neonatal-screening-at-the-age-of-37-40-years
#13
Eeva Piitulainen, Behrouz Mostafavi, Hanan A Tanash
BACKGROUND: Severe alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency (genotype PiZZ) is a well-known risk factor for COPD. A cohort of PiZZ and PiSZ individuals was identified by the Swedish national neonatal AAT screening program in 1972-1974 and followed up regularly since birth. Our aim was to study the lung function, respiratory symptoms and health status at the age of 38 years in comparison with a random sample of control subjects selected from the population registry. METHODS: The study group included 120 PiZZ, 46 PiSZ and 164 control subjects (PiMM), who answered a questionnaire on smoking habits and symptoms and the Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) on quality of life...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198030/confined-placental-mosaicism-for-22q11-2-deletion-as-the-etiology-for-discordant-positive-nipt-results
#14
M Bunnell, C Zhang, C Lee, D W Bianchi, L Wilkins-Haug
22q11.2 deletion, the most common microdeletion syndrome within the general population, is estimated to have a prevalence of 1 in 3000-6000. Non-invasive prenatal testing has recently expanded to include screening for several microdeletions including 22q11.2. Given the expansion of prenatal screening options to include microdeletions, it is important to understand the limits of this technology and the variety of reasons that a discordant positive result can occur. Here, we describe a case of a pregnant woman who received a positive non-invasive prenatal maternal plasma screen for 22q11...
February 14, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196114/retinopathy-of-prematurity-a-comprehensive-risk-analysis-for-prevention-and-prediction-of-disease
#15
Leah A Owen, Margaux A Morrison, Robert O Hoffman, Bradley A Yoder, Margaret M DeAngelis
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a blinding morbidity of preterm infants. Our current screening criteria have remained unchanged since their inception and lack the ability to identify those at greatest risk. OBJECTIVES: We sought to comprehensively analyze numerous proposed maternal, infant, and environmental ROP risk variables in a robustly phenotyped population using logistic regression to determine the most predictive model for ROP development and severity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194823/personal-smartphones-for-neonatal-diagnostic-imaging-a-prospective-crossover-study
#16
Margreta Westberg, Theresia Vasko, Louise S Owen, Risha Bhatia, Marta Thio Lluch, Susan Donath, Peter G Davis, Jennifer A Dawson
AIM: Neonatal clinicians may be asked to review X-ray images when unable to directly access the original image. Transmitting an X-ray image to a smartphone is a technique increasingly being used by clinicians in a number of settings. Minimal data exist on its use in the neonatal setting. Our aim was to compare the ability of neonatal clinicians to correctly diagnose a pneumothorax from a chest radiograph (CXR) viewed on a smartphone, paralleled with the same image viewed on a computer screen...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194693/standards-of-admission-capillary-blood-glucose-levels-in-cesarean-born-neonates
#17
Tatiana Smolkin, Irena Ulanovsky, Pnina Carasso, Imad R Makhoul
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypoglycemia (NH) and cutoffs remain undefined. Our center screens all cesareandelivered (CD) neonates for NH. We sought to define standards of admission capillary blood glucose levels (ACBGLs) in CD neonates who were at the lowest risk for hypoglycemia. METHODS: Of 4947 neonates, 519 met all 14 inclusion criteria. These highly-selected neonates were apparently the healthiest, least-stressed, earliest to be admitted to nursery and at lowest-risk for hypoglycemia...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192554/using-patient-centered-care-after-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-trisomy-18-or-trisomy-13-a-review
#18
Shelly Haug, Mitchell Goldstein, Denise Cummins, Elba Fayard, T Allen Merritt
Importance: Patient-centered care (PCC) has been advocated by the Institute of Medicine to improve health care in the United States. Four concepts of PCC align with clinical ethics principles and are associated with enhanced patient/parent satisfaction. These concepts are dignity and respect, information sharing, participation, and collaboration. The objective of this article is to use the PCC approach as a framework for an extensive literature review evaluating the current status of counseling regarding prenatal diagnosis of trisomy 18 (T18) or trisomy 13 (T13) and to advocate PCC in the care of these infants...
February 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192492/transcutaneous-bilirubin-nomograms-in-african-neonates
#19
Bolajoko O Olusanya, Cecilia A Mabogunje, Donald O Imosemi, Abieyuwa A Emokpae
BACKGROUND: The use of transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) as a screening tool, based on relevant population-specific nomogram, or proxy for total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels in assessing the risk of subsequent hyperbilirubinemia is supported by several clinical guidelines on the management of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. However, while TcB has been found to significantly over-estimate TSB in neonates of African-American ancestry, with variations across TcB devices, no nomogram has been specifically reported for this racial group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192391/cmos-nanoelectrode-array-for-all-electrical-intracellular-electrophysiological-imaging
#20
Jeffrey Abbott, Tianyang Ye, Ling Qin, Marsela Jorgolli, Rona S Gertner, Donhee Ham, Hongkun Park
Developing a new tool capable of high-precision electrophysiological recording of a large network of electrogenic cells has long been an outstanding challenge in neurobiology and cardiology. Here, we combine nanoscale intracellular electrodes with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) integrated circuits to realize a high-fidelity all-electrical electrophysiological imager for parallel intracellular recording at the network level. Our CMOS nanoelectrode array has 1,024 recording/stimulation 'pixels' equipped with vertical nanoelectrodes, and can simultaneously record intracellular membrane potentials from hundreds of connected in vitro neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes...
February 13, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
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