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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468729/literature-overview-highlights-lack-of-paediatric-donation-protocols-but-identifies-common-themes-that-could-guide-their-development
#1
REVIEW
A Vileito, M J Siebelink, A A E Verhagen
AIM: Paediatric donation is a unique and extremely sensitive process that requires specific knowledge and competencies. Most countries use protocols for organ and tissue donation to ensure optimal care for the donor and family, but these mainly focus on adults. However, the donation process for children differs from adults in many ways. An overview of the literature was performed to identify protocols for the paediatric population. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and the Internet were searched up to March 2016 for papers or other sources in English related to specific organ and tissue donation protocols for children and neonates...
February 22, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466895/altered-plasma-type-gelsolin-and-amyloid-%C3%AE-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy-under-therapeutic-hypothermia
#2
Isabel Benavente-Fernandez, Juan J Ramos-Rodriguez, Carmen Infante-Garcia, Gema Jimenez-Gomez, Alfonso Lechuga-Sancho, Simon Lubian-Lopez, Monica Garcia-Alloza
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a severe neonatal complication responsible for ∼23% of all neonatal deaths. Also, 30-70% of these patients will suffer lifetime disabilities, including learning impairment, epilepsy or cerebral palsy. However, biomarkers for HIE screening, or monitoring disease progression are limited. Herein, we sought to evaluate the clinical usefulness of plasma-type gelsolin (pGSN) and amyloid-beta (Aβ) 40 and 42 as prognostic biomarkers for HIE. pGSN has been previously suggested as a feasible marker in other brain injuries and amyloid-beta 40 and 42 are classically assessed in neurodegenerative diseases...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463144/hypothermia-detection-in-low-birth-weight-neonates-using-a-novel-bracelet-device
#3
Vasanthan Tanigasalam, B Vishnu Bhat, B Adhisivam, Bharathi Balachander, Harichandra Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of a novel hypothermia monitoring and alert bracelet device (BEMPU Bracelet) in low birth weight (LBW) neonates weighing less than 2000 grams. DESIGN: This was a controlled prospective study. SETTING: This study was done in the step-down nursery of a tertiary level newborn unit of a major teaching hospital in India. METHODS: Eligible cases fulfilling inclusion criteria were given BEMPU Bracelets for a period of 24 hours...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460213/evaluating-the-probiotic-potential-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-strains-from-algerian-infant-feces-towards-the-design-of-probiotic-starter-cultures-tailored-for-developing-countries
#4
Chahira Gheziel, Pasquale Russo, Mattia Pia Arena, Giuseppe Spano, Hadda-Imene Ouzari, Omar Kheroua, Djamel Saidi, Daniela Fiocco, Hanane Kaddouri, Vittorio Capozzi
Lactobacilli naturally present in the neonatal gut are believed to be beneficial for the human hosts and are investigated as potential probiotics. In this study, we aimed to characterize six Lactobacillus plantarum strains derived from the feces of a breast-fed infant, for the development of new probiotic cultures. Our attention was focused on L. plantarum in reason of the presence, within such species, of both pro-technological and probiotic strains, i.e., a combination of particular interest to design tailored probiotic starter cultures for developing countries...
February 19, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458699/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-in-gestational-diabetes-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Naricha Chirakalwasan, Somvang Amnakkittikul, Ekasitt Wanitcharoenkul, Suranut Charoensri, Sunee Saetung, Suwannee Chanprasertyothin, La-Or Chailurkit, Panyu Panburana, Sommart Bumrungphuet, Ammarin Takkinstian, Sirimon Reutrakul
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study assessed the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in obese pregnant females with GDM and OSA. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted (April 2014 - June 2016). Obese females at 24 to 34 weeks gestation and with diet-controlled GDM were screened for OSA. Those with OSA were randomly assigned to receive 2 weeks nightly CPAP or be part of a waitlist control group...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458558/high-prevalence-of-fluoroquinolone-resistance-amongst-commensal-flora-of-antibiotic-na%C3%A3-ve-neonates-a-study-from-india
#6
Rushika Saksena, Rajni Gaind, Anju Sinha, Charu Kothari, Harish Chellani, Manorama Deb
BACKGROUND: The emergence of resistance amongst commensal flora is a serious threat to the community. However, there is paucity of data regarding antibiotic resistance in commensals in the absence of antibiotic pressure. METHODS: Altogether, 100 vaginally delivered antibiotic naïve exclusively breastfed neonates were selected. Stool samples collected on day (D)1, D21 and D60 of birth were cultured. Enterobacteriaceae isolates were screened for nalidixic acid (NA) and ciprofloxacin susceptibility as per CLSI guidelines...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456119/prevalence-of-uti-among-iranian-infants-with-prolonged-jaundice-and-its-main-causes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-study
#7
REVIEW
H H Tola, M Ranjbaran, R Omani-Samani, M Sadeghi
INTRODUCTION: An extremely variable and high prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants with prolonged jaundice has been reported in Iran. However, there is no research from the area that has attempted to estimate pooled prevalence of UTI from considerably diverse evidence. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis study aimed to estimate the prevalence of UTI in infants with prolonged jaundice who were admitted into clinics or hospitals in Iran. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted of published articles on UTI prevalence in infants with prolonged jaundice in Iran...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455331/newborn-screening-guidelines-for-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-india-recommendations-of-the-indian-society-for-pediatric-and-adolescent-endocrinology-ispae-part-ii-imaging-treatment-and-follow-up
#8
REVIEW
S Sudhanshu, I Riaz, R Sharma, M P Desai, R Parikh, V Bhatia
The Indian Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Endocrinology has formulated Clinical Practice Guidelines for newborn screening, diagnosis and management of congenital hypothyroidism (CH). This manuscript, part II addresses management and follow-up. RECOMMENDATIONS: Screening should be done for every newborn using cord blood, or postnatal blood ideally at 48 to 72 h of age. Neonates with screen TSH > 20 mIU/L serum units (or >34 mIU/L for samples taken between 24 and 48 h of age) should be recalled for confirmation...
February 17, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454679/the-prevalence-and-etiology-of-extreme-hypertriglyceridemia-in-children-data-from-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital
#9
Nivedita Patni, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Abhimanyu Garg
BACKGROUND: Extreme hypertriglyceridemia (eHTG; serum triglycerides ≥ 2000 mg/dL) poses a significant risk for acute pancreatitis. There is paucity of data regarding the prevalence and etiology of eHTG in children. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, clinical features and etiologies of patients with eHTG at a tertiary children's hospital in the United States and in the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the electronic medical records of the Children's Medical Center, Dallas, from 2000-2015, and the NHANES data from 2005-2014 for eHTG...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454653/diagnostic-yield-of-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-in-the-diagnosis-of-intrapartum-maternal-rectovaginal-colonization-by-group-b-streptococcus-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
Otto Henrique May Feuerschuette, Sheila Koettker Silveira, Ana Carolina Labor Cancelier, Rosemeri Maurici da Silva, Daisson José Trevisol, Jefferson Ricardo Pereira
Group B Streptococcus is the leading etiologic factor of neonatal sepsis. Intrapartum real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) may allow faster and more accurate detection of maternal colonization. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of RT-PCR when compared to the reference standard culture in selective broth media collected from rectovaginal tract from laboring women. We selected 15 studies that included 6368 women. Papers selection, data extraction, and quality assessment were carried out by two independent researchers...
February 2, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452811/effects-on-adult-cognitive-function-after-neonatal-exposure-to-clinically-relevant-doses-of-ionising-radiation-and-ketamine-in-mice
#11
S Buratovic, B Stenerlöw, S Sundell-Bergman, A Fredriksson, H Viberg, T Gordh, P Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Radiological methods for screening, diagnostics and therapy are frequently used in healthcare. In infants and children, anaesthesia/sedation is often used in these situations to relieve the patients' perception of stress or pain. Both ionising radiation (IR) and ketamine have been shown to induce developmental neurotoxic effects and this study aimed to identify the combined effects of these in a murine model. METHODS: Male mice were exposed to a single dose of ketamine (7...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447880/analysis-of-risk-factors-associated-with-unilateral-hearing-loss-in-children-who-initially-passed-newborn-hearing-screening
#12
Eric N Appelbaum, Jessica B Howell, Derek Chapman, Arti Pandya, Kelley M Dodson
OBJECTIVE: To analyze 2007 Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH) risk factors in children with confirmed unilateral hearing loss (UHL) who initially passed newborn hearing screening. METHODS: Retrospective record review of 16,108 infants who passed newborn hearing screening but had one or more JCIH risk factors prompting subsequent follow-up through the universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) program in Virginia from 2010 to 2012. The study was reviewed and qualified as exempt by the Virginia Commonwealth University Institutional Review Board (IRB) and the Virginia Department of Health...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447811/sensorineural-and-conductive-hearing-loss-in-infants-diagnosed-in-the-program-of-universal-newborn-hearing-screening
#13
Katarzyna Wroblewska-Seniuk, Piotr Dabrowski, Grazyna Greczka, Katarzyna Szabatowska, Agata Glowacka, Witold Szyfter, Jan Mazela
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze infants diagnosed with sensorineural or conductive hearing deficit and to identify risk factors associated with these defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of infants diagnosed with hearing deficit based on the database of the universal newborn hearing screening program and medical records of the patients. RESULTS: 27 935 infants were covered by the universal neonatal hearing screening program...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444212/loss-of-function-mutations-in-ephb4-are-responsible-for-vein-of-galen-aneurysmal-malformation
#14
Alexandre Vivanti, Augustin Ozanne, Cynthia Grondin, Guillaume Saliou, Loic Quevarec, Helène Maurey, Patrick Aubourg, Alexandra Benachi, Marta Gut, Ivo Gut, Jelena Martinovic, Marie Victoire Sénat, Marcel Tawk, Judith Melki
Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation is a congenital anomaly of the cerebral vasculature representing 30% of all paediatric vascular malformations. We conducted whole exome sequencing in 19 unrelated patients presenting this malformation and subsequently screened candidate genes in a cohort of 32 additional patients using either targeted exome or Sanger sequencing. In a cohort of 51 patients, we found five affected individuals with heterozygous mutations in EPHB4 including de novo frameshift (p.His191Alafs*32) or inherited deleterious splice or missense mutations predicted to be pathogenic by in silico tools...
February 9, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444116/field-evaluation-of-the-safety-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-early-infant-male-circumcision-using-the-accucirc-device
#15
Robert C Bailey, Irene Nyaboke, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Erick Okello, Valentine Pengo, Betha Ochomo, Mary Emmaculate Auma, Simon Were, Stella Ojuok, Evelyne Adoyo, Mildred Adhiambo, Marisa R Young, Rebeca M Plank, Fredrick O Otieno
BACKGROUND: As countries scale up adult voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention, they are looking ahead to long term sustainable strategies, including introduction of early infant male circumcision (EIMC). Although a number of devices for EIMC are prequalified by the World Health Organization, evaluation of additional devices can provide policy-makers and clinicians the information required to make informed decisions. We undertook a field evaluation of the safety and acceptability of the AccuCirc device in Kisumu County, Kenya...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443359/validity-of-the-red-reflex-exam-in-the-newborn-eye-screening-test-cohort
#16
Cassie A Ludwig, Natalia F Callaway, Mark S Blumenkranz, Douglas R Fredrick, Darius M Moshfeghi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The validity of the red reflex exam has yet to be tested against new methods of wide-angle imaging that may improve early detection of neonatal ocular pathology. The authors aimed to determine the validity of the pediatrician's red reflex exam using 130° wide-angle external and fundus digital imaging as a gold standard. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 194 healthy, term newborns enrolled in the Newborn Eye Screening Test study at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital from July 25, 2013, to July 25, 2014...
February 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438472/klinefelter-syndrome-integrating-genetics-neuropsychology-and-endocrinology
#17
Claus H Gravholt, Simon Chang, Mikkel Wallentin, Jens Fedder, Philip Moore, Anne Skakkebæk
Although first identified over 70 years ago, Klinefelter syndrome (KS) continue to pose significant diagnostic challenges, as many patients are still misdiagnosed, or remain undiagnosed. In fact, as few as 25% of KS patients are accurately diagnosed, and most of these diagnoses are not made until adulthood. Classic characteristics of KS include small testes, infertility, hypergonadothropic hypogonadism, and cognitive impairment. However, the pathophysiology behind KS is not well understood, although genetic effects are also thought to play a role...
February 9, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434061/immediate-neonatal-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-born-to-mothers-with-preterm-pre-labour-rupture-of-membranes
#18
Niveditha Dannapaneni, Tejopratap Oleti, Tarakeswari Surapaneni, Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki
Background & objectives: With the use of early and appropriate use of antibiotics, outcomes have improved in the mother-infant dyads exposed to preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes (PPROM). This study was undertaken to evaluate immediate neonatal outcomes in infants born before 33 completed weeks of gestation to mothers with PPROM versus without PPROM. Methods: During the study period from January 2013 to December 2013, a total of 182 mother-infant dyads were prospectively included in the study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433793/correlation-between-sma-type-and-smn2-copy-number-revisited-an-analysis-of-625-unrelated-spanish-patients-and-a-compilation-of-2834-reported-cases
#19
Maite Calucho, Sara Bernal, Laura Alías, Francesca March, Adoración Venceslá, Francisco J Rodríguez-Álvarez, Elena Aller, Raquel M Fernández, Salud Borrego, José M Millán, Concepción Hernández-Chico, Ivon Cuscó, Pablo Fuentes-Prior, Eduardo F Tizzano
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disorder caused by loss or mutations in SMN1. According to age of onset, achieved motor abilities, and life span, SMA patients are classified into type I (never sit), II (never walk unaided) or III (achieve independent walking abilities). SMN2, the highly homologous copy of SMN1, is considered the most important phenotypic modifier of the disease. Determination of SMN2 copy number is essential to establish careful genotype-phenotype correlations, predict disease evolution, and to stratify patients for clinical trials...
January 11, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433703/low-dose-aspirin-for-the-prevention-of-preeclampsia
#20
Heidi Collins Fantasia
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder specific to pregnancy that remains a significant cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Identification of women who are most at risk for preeclampsia is imprecise. Because of the potential negative health consequences of preeclampsia for women and newborns and the lack of effective screening mechanisms preventing preeclampsia is an important component of prenatal care. Researchers have documented that low-dose aspirin, taken daily after the first trimester, can decrease the development of preeclampsia and reduce the incidence of preterm birth and birth of small-for-gestational-age infants...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
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