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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913907/development-of-a-culturally-informed-child-safety-curriculum-for-american-indian-families
#1
Ryan M Berns, Emily J Tomayko, Kate A Cronin, Ronald J Prince, Tassy Parker, Alexandra K Adams
American Indian (AI) children are disproportionately affected by unintentional injuries, with injury mortality rates approximately 2.3 times higher than the combined rates for all children in the United States. Although multiple risk factors are known to contribute to these increased rates, a comprehensive, culturally informed curriculum that emphasizes child safety is lacking for this population. In response to this need, academic and tribal researchers, tribal community members, tribal wellness staff, and national child safety experts collaborated to develop a novel child safety curriculum...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913723/the-utility-of-the-maude-database-for-osseointegrated-auditory-implants
#2
Daniel H Coelho, Alex J Tampio
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of Manufacturer and User Friendly Device Experience (MAUDE) database in studying osseointegrated auditory implant (OAI)-related complications. METHODS: The MAUDE database was searched for all reports involving OAIs (ie, Baha, Ponto, Sophono). Complications were classified into 1 or more of 6 categories-implant, abutment, processor, skin, surgery, and other. Subcategories were generated to prevent overgeneralization. Other variables recorded included date of report, number of complications per report, manufacturer, and time from complication to report...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911583/advancing-research-on-structural-stigma-and-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-among-youth
#3
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
Psychological research on stigma has focused largely on the perceptions of stigmatized individuals and their interpersonal interactions with the nonstigmatized. This work has been critical in documenting many of the ways in which stigma operates to harm those who are targeted. However, this research has also tended to overlook broader structural forms of stigma, which refer to societal-level conditions, cultural norms, and institutional policies and practices that constrain the lives of the stigmatized. In this article I describe the emerging field of research on structural stigma and review evidence documenting the harmful consequences of structural stigma for the mental/behavioral health of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911088/african-american-women-s-perspectives-on-donating-healthy-breast-tissue-for-research-implications-for-recruitment
#4
Katherine E Ridley-Merriweather, Katharine J Head
African American women die of breast cancer at a higher rate than any other racial group. The Komen Tissue Bank (KTB) is an ongoing clinical trial that collects healthy breast tissue from women of all racial groups to use as controls in research and represents a critical tool in efforts to treat and prevent breast cancer; however, African Americans display reticence toward donating breast tissue to the KTB. Through the lens of the Integrated Behavioral Model, this study recruited African American women to share their perspectives on donating breast tissue for research purposes...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909585/developmental-idealism-body-weight-and-shape-and-marriage-entry-in-transitional-china
#5
Hongwei Xu
New trends toward later and less marriage are emerging in post-reform China. Previous research has examined the changing individual-level socioeconomic and demographic characteristics shaping marriage entry in Chinese adults. Employing a cultural model known as developmental idealism (DI), this study argues that a new worldview specifying an ideal body type has become popular in the West and that this new worldview has been exported to China. This new part of the DI package is likely stratified by gender, has a stronger impact on women than on men, and has likely penetrated urban areas more than rural areas...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905991/ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-in-the-suriname-health-study-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#6
Ingrid S K Krishnadath, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Lenny M Nahar-van Venrooij, Jerry R Toelsie
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors to estimate, explore, and compare the prevalence of hypertension overall and in subgroups of risk factors among different ethnic groups in Suriname. METHOD: The Suriname Health Study used the World Health Organization Steps design to select respondents with a stratified multistage cluster sample of households...
September 17, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905209/distinguishing-between-primary-and-secondary-racial-identification-in-analyses-of-health-disparities-of-a-multiracial-population-in-hawaii
#7
Andrew Wey, James Davis, Deborah Taira Juarez, Tetine Sentell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the importance of distinguishing between primary and secondary racial identification in analyzing health disparities in a multiracial population. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 2012 Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (H-BRFSS). As part of the survey, respondents were asked to identify all their races, and then which race they considered to be their primary race. We introduce two analytic approaches to investigate the association between multiracial status and general health: (1) including two separate dichotomous variables for each racial group (primary and secondary race; for example, 'primary Native Hawaiian' and, separately, 'secondary Native Hawaiian'), and (2) including one combined variable for anyone choosing a particular racial group, whether as primary or secondary race ('combined race'; e...
December 1, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905145/the-public-multi-coil-information-pumcin-policy
#8
Christoph Juchem, Robin A de Graaf
PURPOSE: Multi-coil (MC) magnetic field modeling has emerged as a viable alternative to conventional field generation based on spherical harmonic shapes, and an active MC community is forming. Although all MC applications share the same modeling concept, the specific MC designs can largely differ as a result of disparities in region of interest (eg, human versus rodent), intended MR application (eg, B0 shimming versus spatial encoding), or other experimental constraints (eg, available bore space or integration with radiofrequency technology)...
December 1, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903790/association-between-health-related-beliefs-and-oral-health-behaviors-among-uninsured-primary-care-patients
#9
Akiko Kamimura, Bethany Gull, Shannon Weaver, Lindsey Wright, Jeanie Ashby, Lea E Erickson
INTRODUCTION: The collaborations between dental care providers and other health care providers are especially needed for underserved populations. There is a deficit of research focused on underserved populations who utilize a safety net facility such as a free clinic in the United States. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between health-related beliefs and oral health behaviors among uninsured adults utilizing a primary care free clinic providing oral health care...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900817/community-based-participatory-research-an-innovative-approach-for-improving-perioperative-care-of-underserved-children
#10
Alvina Rosales, Michelle A Fortier, Belinda Campos, Marla Vivero, Ariana Martinez, Nancy Huerta, Sheeva Zolghadr, Kathleen Adlard, Zeev N Kain
Pediatric disparities disproportionately affect Latino youth undergoing surgery and their families. As such, there is a critical need for culturally relevant frameworks that can advance perioperative intervention approaches in this population and reduce these disparities. In the following article, we first describe the methodological process of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and next report the results of the CBPR process that was conducted in this population. An interdisciplinary group of investigators, Latina mothers, and various other stakeholders met for a series of CBPR-based structured meetings...
November 30, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898023/older-adults-outdoor-walking-inequalities-in-neighbourhood-safety-pedestrian-infrastructure-and-aesthetics
#11
Razieh Zandieh, Javier Martinez, Johannes Flacke, Phil Jones, Martin van Maarseveen
Older adults living in high-deprivation areas walk less than those living in low-deprivation areas. Previous research has shown that older adults' outdoor walking levels are related to the neighbourhood built environment. This study examines inequalities in perceived built environment attributes (i.e., safety, pedestrian infrastructure and aesthetics) and their possible influences on disparities in older adults' outdoor walking levels in low- and high-deprivation areas of Birmingham, United Kingdom. It applied a mixed-method approach, included 173 participants (65 years and over), used GPS technology to measure outdoor walking levels, used questionnaires (for all participants) and conducted walking interviews (with a sub-sample) to collect data on perceived neighbourhood built environment attributes...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896978/development-and-performance-of-text-mining-algorithms-to-extract-socioeconomic-status-from-de-identified-electronic-health-records
#12
Brittany M Hollister, Nicole A Restrepo, Eric Farber-Eger, Dana C Crawford, Melinda C Aldrich, Amy Non
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a fundamental contributor to health, and a key factor underlying racial disparities in disease. However, SES data are rarely included in genetic studies due in part to the difficultly of collecting these data when studies were not originally designed for that purpose. The emergence of large clinic-based biobanks linked to electronic health records (EHRs) provides research access to large patient populations with longitudinal phenotype data captured in structured fields as billing codes, procedure codes, and prescriptions...
2016: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895103/impact-of-donor-recipient-gender-and-race-mismatch-on-graft-outcomes-in-patients-with-end-stage-liver-disease-undergoing-liver-transplantation
#13
Yefei Zhang
CONTEXT: The discrepancy between donor supply and organ demand increased the possibility of gender and race mismatch between the donors and recipients. However, the findings of their impact on graft and patient survival are outdated and mixed. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of gender and race mismatch on graft survival and patient survival among adult patients (18 years and older) with end-stage liver disease. DESIGN: A total of 38 768 patients undergoing liver transplant between 2002 and 2011 were identified from United Network for Organ Sharing database...
November 28, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893258/the-rich-get-richer-and-the-poor-get-poorer-country-and-state-level-income-inequality-moderates-the-job-insecurity-burnout-relationship
#14
Lixin Jiang, Tahira M Probst
Despite the prevalence of income inequality in today's society, research on the implications of income inequality for organizational research is scant. This study takes the first step to explore the contextual role of national- and state- level income inequality as a moderator in the relationship between individual-level job insecurity (JI) and burnout. Drawing from conservation of resource (COR) theory, we argue that income inequality at the country-level and state-level threatens one's obtainment of object (i...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893241/ill-or-injured-shifting-the-emphasis-to-trauma-in-mental-health-diagnosis-and-treatment
#15
Matthew S Costanzo
TOPIC: This contribution examines the disparity that exists between research that identifies the prevalence of trauma among mental health service users and the low frequency of adequately diagnosing and treating trauma in practice. For this author, the important question to pose is "Could behavioral health services be persistently erring in both diagnoses and treatment approaches to adequately assist and support service users?" PURPOSE: The author proposes an alternative service model which is aligned with the prevalence of complex trauma...
December 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891616/human-papillomavirus-induced-oropharyngeal-cancer-in-hispanics-in-the-united-states
#16
Giovana R Thomas, Kaming Lo, Raphael Nwojo
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Determine disparities in survival outcome and clinical presentation between Hispanic and non-Hispanic white patients with human papillomavirus-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical research. METHODS: Clinical data on Hispanics and non-Hispanic white patients with diagnosis of human papillomavirus/p16-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma were drawn from a tumor registry from the University of Miami Hospitals and Clinics from 2008 to 2014...
November 28, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891059/ethnic-identity-attachment-and-motivation-for-weight-loss-and-exercise-among-rural-overweight-african-american-women
#17
K Bryant Smalley, Jacob C Warren, Sydney McClendon, Wilburn Peacock, Marisol Caro
Rural and minority women are disproportionately impacted by the obesity epidemic; however, little research has studied the intersection of these disparity groups. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of racial identity on motivation for weight loss and exercise among rural, African-American women with an obesity-linked chronic disease. A total of 154 African-American women were recruited from the patient population of a Federally Qualified Health Center in the rural South to complete a questionnaire battery including the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure and separate assessments of motivation for weight loss and exercise...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889594/racial-ethnic-differences-in-30-year-trajectories-of-heavy-drinking-in-a-nationally-representative-u-s-sample
#18
Nina Mulia, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jane Witbrodt, Jason Bond, Edwina Williams, Sarah E Zemore
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic minorities bear a disproportionate burden of alcohol-related problems in the U.S. It is unknown whether this reflects harmful patterns of lifecourse heavy drinking. Prior research shows little support for the latter but has been limited to young samples. We examine racial/ethnic differences in heavy drinking trajectories from ages 21 to 51. METHODS: Data on heavy drinking (6+ drinks/occasion) are from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (N=9468), collected between 1982 and 2012...
November 3, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888263/a-cbpr-approach-to-finding-community-strengths-and-challenges-to-prevent-youth-suicide-and-substance-abuse
#19
Carrie E Holliday, Melodi Wynne, Janet Katz, Chanel Ford, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker
PURPOSE: To improve health and reduce health disparities, research partnerships with American Indian and Alaska Native communities should build on existing traditions and strengths. The overall goal of this pilot project was to clarify the needs of tribal community members and determine strengths and resources available to the community. DESIGN: Community-based participatory research was the approach used to obtain community input. Data collection methods included, Photovoice (n = 16), digital storytelling (n = 4), and community capacity surveys (n = 128)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888090/rationale-and-design-of-mi-care-the-mile-square-colorectal-cancer-screening-awareness-and-referral-and-education-project
#20
Joanna Buscemi, Yazmin San Miguel, Lisa Tussing-Humphreys, Elizabeth A Watts, Marian L Fitzgibbon, Karriem Watson, Robert A Winn, Kameron L Matthews, Yamile Molina
Although colorectal cancer (CRC) is largely preventable through identification of pre-cancerous polyps through various screening modalities, morbidity and mortality rates remain a challenge, especially in African-American, Latino, low-income and uninsured/underinsured patients. Barriers to screening include cost, access to health care facilities, lack of recommendation to screen, and psychosocial factors such as embarrassment, fear of the test, anxiety about testing preparation and fear of a cancer diagnosis...
November 22, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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