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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921390/the-state-of-men-s-health-services-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#1
REVIEW
Michael Fenstermaker, Sujay Paknikar, Amarnath Rambhatla, Dana A Ohl, Ted A Skolarus, James M Dupree
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For many diseases that place a large burden on our health care system, men often have worse health outcomes than women. As the largest single provider of health care to men in the USA, the Veterans Health Administration (VA) has the potential to serve as leader in the delivery of improved men's health care to address these disparities. RECENT FINDINGS: The VA system has made recent strides in improving benefits for aspects of men's health that are traditionally poorly covered, such as treatment for male factor infertility...
September 18, 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918994/meaningful-methods-for-increasing-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-rates-an%C3%A2-integrative-literature-review
#2
Kristin Vollrath, Susan Thul, Jenny Holcombe
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States and is a well-known cause of oropharyngeal, cervical, vaginal, vulvar, penile, and anal cancers. Despite the proven efficacy of the HPV vaccine, vaccination rates remain persistently low. Much literature has focused on attitudes toward the HPV vaccine; however, researchers have also investigated strategies clinicians can use to improve vaccination attitudes and acceptance. Such strategies include provider education, vaccine reminder/recall, and chart audit and feedback...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918303/decoding-noises-in-hiv-computational-genotyping
#3
MingRui Jia, Timothy Shaw, Xing Zhang, Dong Liu, Ye Shen, Amara E Ezeamama, Chunfu Yang, Ming Zhang
Lack of a consistent and reliable genotyping system can critically impede HIV genomic research on pathogenesis, fitness, virulence, drug resistance, and genomic-based healthcare and treatment. At present, mis-genotyping, i.e., background noises in molecular genotyping, and its impact on epidemic surveillance is unknown. For the first time, we present a comprehensive assessment of HIV genotyping quality. HIV sequence data were retrieved from worldwide published records, and subjected to a systematic genotyping assessment pipeline...
September 14, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917141/the-impact-of-black-cancer-patients-race-related-beliefs-and-attitudes-on-racially-discordant-oncology-interactions-a-field-study
#4
Louis A Penner, Felicity W K Harper, John F Dovidio, Terrance L Albrecht, Lauren M Hamel, Nicole Senft, Susan Eggly
OBJECTIVE: Both physician and patient race-related beliefs and attitudes are contributors to racial healthcare disparities, but only the former have received substantial research attention. Using data from a study conducted in the Midwestern US from 2012 to 2014, we investigated whether 114 Black cancer patients' existing race-related beliefs and attitudes would predict how they and 18 non-Black physicians (medical oncologists) would respond in subsequent clinical interactions. METHOD: At least two days before interacting with an oncologist for initial discussions of treatment options, patients completed measures of perceived past discrimination, general mistrust of physicians, and suspicion of healthcare systems; interactions were video-recorded...
August 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915817/cultural-adaptation-of-a-pediatric-functional-assessment-for-rehabilitation-outcomes-research
#5
Kristen E Arestad, David MacPhee, Chun Y Lim, Mary A Khetani
BACKGROUND: Significant racial and ethnic health care disparities experienced by Hispanic children with special health care needs (CSHCN) create barriers to enacting culturally competent rehabilitation services. One way to minimize the impact of disparities in rehabilitation is to equip practitioners with culturally relevant functional assessments to accurately determine service needs. Current approaches to culturally adapting assessments have three major limitations: use of inconsistent translation processes; current processes assess for some, but not all, elements of cultural equivalence; and limited evidence to guide decision making about whether to undertake cultural adaptation with and without language translation...
September 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915159/contraception-in-us-servicewomen-emerging-knowledge-considerations-and-needs
#6
Lauren A Harrington, Kate A Shaw, Jonathan G Shaw
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We describe current literature regarding contraceptive use among women serving in the military. We explore the state of contraceptive use by female servicewomen, gaps in knowledge, special considerations, and evidence of unmet needs. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent data on US servicewomen show that overall rates of contraceptive use remain low. Data highlight disparities and suggest barriers to contraceptive uptake persist, with contraceptive use being lower around the time of deployment...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913882/reducing-disparities-in-cancer-screening-and-prevention-through-community-based-participatory-research-partnerships-with-local-libraries-a-comprehensive-dynamic-trial
#7
Bruce D Rapkin, Elisa Weiss, David Lounsbury, Tamara Michel, Alexis Gordon, Jennifer Erb-Downward, Eilleen Sabino-Laughlin, Alison Carpenter, Carolyn E Schwartz, Linda Bulone, Margaret Kemeny
Reduction of cancer-related disparities requires strategies that link medically underserved communities to preventive care. In this community-based participatory research project, a public library system brought together stakeholders to plan and undertake programs to address cancer screening and risk behavior. This study was implemented over 48 months in 20 large urban neighborhoods, selected to reach diverse communities disconnected from care. In each neighborhood, Cancer Action Councils were organized to conduct a comprehensive dynamic trial, an iterative process of program planning, implementation and evaluation...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912709/extending-xnat-platform-with-an-incremental-semantic-framework
#8
Santiago Timón, Mariano Rincón, Rafael Martínez-Tomás
Informatics increases the yield from neuroscience due to improved data. Data sharing and accessibility enable joint efforts between different research groups, as well as replication studies, pivotal for progress in the field. Research data archiving solutions are evolving rapidly to address these necessities, however, distributed data integration is still difficult because of the need of explicit agreements for disparate data models. To address these problems, ontologies are widely used in biomedical research to obtain common vocabularies and logical descriptions, but its application may suffer from scalability issues, domain bias, and loss of low-level data access...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911961/sociocultural-considerations-in-juvenile-arthritis-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Kimberly A Lewis, Sharon A Brown, Stefano Tiziani, Ruy Carrasco
PROBLEM: Juvenile Arthritis (JA) is one of the most common autoimmune diseases in children. A variety of sociocultural factors that influence health outcomes in children with JA have been examined in previous research. However, clinical guidelines to guide the care of these children lack support because this research has not been systematically examined and synthesized. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Primary research articles from five internet databases were included if they were peer-reviewed articles in English of studies conducted in the U...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910253/characterizing-non-monosexual-women-at-risk-for-poor-mental-health-outcomes-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Abbie E Goldberg, Alia Januwalla, Keisha Williams, Corey E Flanders
OBJECTIVES: Non-monosexual women - those who report attraction to or sexual relationships with individuals of more than one gender - have elevated risk for poor mental health outcomes. We aimed to examine which elements of non-monosexual experience are associated with this elevated risk. METHODS: We conducted a sequential exploratory mixed methods analysis of qualitative interview and survey data from 39 non-monosexual women recruited consecutively through prenatal care providers...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905156/cultural-factors-relevant-to-korean-americans-in-health-research-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Cha-Nam Shin, Colleen Keller, Jeongha Sim
To eliminate health disparities in the United States, identifying cultural contexts salient to the target populations in an intervention study is critical; however, little research has been conducted on the identification of cultural contexts among Korean Americans who have significant risk factors for chronic diseases. This systematic review identifies critical cultural contexts central to the literature discussed in health research on Korean Americans. We examined 14 research reports of 801 potentially eligible articles published between 2000 and 2016 and analyzed their contribution to cultural contexts among Korean Americans based on the PEN-3 model...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904075/association-between-living-in-food-deserts-and-cardiovascular-risk
#12
Heval M Kelli, Muhammad Hammadah, Hina Ahmed, Yi-An Ko, Matthew Topel, Ayman Samman-Tahhan, Mossab Awad, Keyur Patel, Kareem Mohammed, Laurence S Sperling, Priscilla Pemu, Viola Vaccarino, Tene Lewis, Herman Taylor, Greg Martin, Gary H Gibbons, Arshed A Quyyumi
BACKGROUND: Food deserts (FD), neighborhoods defined as low-income areas with low access to healthy food, are a public health concern. We evaluated the impact of living in FD on cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) with the hypothesis that people living in FD will have an unfavorable CVD risk profile. We further assessed whether the impact of FD on these measures is driven by area income, individual household income, or area access to healthy food. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1421 subjects residing in the Atlanta metropolitan area who participated in the META-Health study (Morehouse and Emory Team up to Eliminate Health Disparities; n=712) and the Predictive Health study (n=709)...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894839/disparities-in-health-in-the-united-states-an-overview-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-for-otolaryngologists
#13
REVIEW
Regan W Bergmark, Ahmad R Sedaghat
OBJECTIVES: Social determinants of health include social and demographic factors such as poverty, education status, race and ethnicity, gender, insurance status, and other factors that influence (1) development of illness, (2) ability to obtain and utilize healthcare, and (3) health and healthcare outcomes. In otolaryngology, as in other subspecialty surgical fields, we are constantly confronted by patients' social and demographic circumstances including poverty, language barriers, and lack of health insurance and yet there is limited research on how these factors impact health equity in our field, or how attention to these patient characteristics may improve health equity...
August 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893720/the-case-for-universal-screening-of-private-well-water-quality-in-the-u-s-and-testing-requirements-to-achieve-it-evidence-from-arsenic
#14
Yan Zheng, Sara V Flanagan
BACKGROUND: The 1974 Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) regulates >170,000 public water systems to protect health, but not >13 million private wells. State and local government requirements for private well water testing are rare and inconsistent; the responsibility to ensure water safety remains with individual households. Over the last two decades, geogenic arsenic has emerged as a significant public health concern due to high prevalence in many rural American communities. OBJECTIVES: We build the case for universal screening of private well water quality around arsenic, the most toxic and widespread of common private water contaminants...
August 3, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893225/perspectives-of-aboriginal-women-on-participation-in-mammographic-screening-a-step-towards-improving-services
#15
Leanne Pilkington, Margaret M Haigh, Angela Durey, Judith M Katzenellenbogen, Sandra C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Early detection of breast cancer using screening mammography provides an opportunity for treatment which can lead to significantly improved outcomes. Despite considerable efforts having been made, the rate at which Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter respectfully referred to as Aboriginal) women in Western Australia participate in BreastScreen WA's screening mammogram program remains below that for the overall female population of Western Australia. This study aimed to examine perspectives on breast screening amongst Aboriginal women in Western Australia...
September 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891342/towards-a-critical-health-equity-research-stance-why-epistemology-and-methodology-matter-more-than-qualitative-methods
#16
Lisa Bowleg
Qualitative methods are not intrinsically progressive. Methods are simply tools to conduct research. Epistemology, the justification of knowledge, shapes methodology and methods, and thus is a vital starting point for a critical health equity research stance, regardless of whether the methods are qualitative, quantitative, or mixed. In line with this premise, I address four themes in this commentary. First, I criticize the ubiquitous and uncritical use of the term health disparities in U.S. public health. Next, I advocate for the increased use of qualitative methodologies-namely, photovoice and critical ethnography-that, pursuant to critical approaches, prioritize dismantling social-structural inequities as a prerequisite to health equity...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891300/borderline-personality-disorder-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
Raelene Ym Tan, Jasmin Grigg, Jayashri Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: This review examines the existing evidence for the relationship between borderline personality disorder and polycystic ovary syndrome, and to identify commonalities in etiological mechanisms of borderline personality disorder and polycystic ovary syndrome that might explain the relationship between these seemingly disparate disorders. METHODS: A search of Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Central was undertaken on 5 December 2016 to identify studies investigating women with borderline personality disorder and polycystic ovary syndrome (or symptoms and markers specific to polycystic ovary syndrome)...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890948/green-environment-and-incident-depression-in-south-africa-a-geospatial-analysis-and-mental-health-implications-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#18
Andrew Tomita, Alain M Vandormael, Diego Cuadros, Enrico Di Minin, Vuokko Heikinheimo, Frank Tanser, Rob Slotow, Jonathan K Burns
BACKGROUND: Unprecedented levels of habitat transformation and rapid urbanisation are changing the way individuals interrelate with the natural environment in developing countries with high economic disparities. Although the potential benefit of green environments for mental health has been recognised, population-level evidence to this effect is scarce. We investigated the effect of green living environment in potentially countering incident depression in a nationally representative survey in South Africa...
July 2017: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889803/effort-cost-decision-making-in-psychosis-and-depression-could-a-similar-behavioral-deficit-arise-from-disparate-psychological-and-neural-mechanisms
#19
A J Culbreth, E K Moran, D M Barch
Motivational impairment is a common feature of both depression and psychosis; however, the psychological and neural mechanisms that give rise to motivational impairment in these disorders are poorly understood. Recent research has suggested that aberrant effort-cost decision-making (ECDM) may be a potential contributor to motivational impairment in both psychosis and depression. ECDM refers to choices that individuals make regarding the amount of 'work' they are willing to expend to obtain a certain outcome or reward...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888127/environmental-injustice-and-sexual-minority-health-disparities-a%C3%A2-national-study-of-inequitable-health-risks-from-air-pollution-among-same-sex-partners
#20
Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Danielle X Morales
Air pollution is deleterious to human health, and numerous studies have documented racial and socioeconomic inequities in air pollution exposures. Despite the marginalized status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations, no national studies have examined if they experience inequitable exposures to air pollution. This cross-sectional study investigated inequities in the exposure of same-sex partner households to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) in the US. We examined cancer and respiratory risks from HAPs across 71,207 census tracts using National Air Toxics Assessment and US Census data...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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