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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738442/charting-the-future-of-cancer-health-disparities-research-a-position-statement-from-the-american-association-for-cancer-research-the-american-cancer-society-the-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-and-the-national-cancer-institute
#1
Blase N Polite, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Otis W Brawley, Nina Bickell, John M Carethers, Christopher R Flowers, Margaret Foti, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Jennifer J Griggs, Christopher S Lathan, Christopher I Li, J Leonard Lichtenfeld, Worta McCaskill-Stevens, Electra D Paskett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738421/cardiovascular-disease-among-transgender-adults-receiving-hormone-therapy-a-narrative-review
#2
Carl G Streed, Omar Harfouch, Francoise Marvel, Roger S Blumenthal, Seth S Martin, Monica Mukherjee
Recent reports estimate that 0.6% of adults in the United States, or approximately 1.4 million persons, identify as transgender. Despite gains in rights and media attention, the reality is that transgender persons experience health disparities, and a dearth of research and evidence-based guidelines remains regarding their specific health needs. The lack of research to characterize cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD risk factors in transgender populations receiving cross-sex hormone therapy (CSHT) limits appropriate primary and specialty care...
July 25, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738319/meeting-report-intercellular-interactions-in-context-towards-a-mechanistic-understanding-of-cells-in-organs
#3
David Bryant, Aaron Johnson
The Company of Biologists held the workshop 'Intercellular interactions in context: towards a mechanistic understanding of cells in organs' at historic Wiston House in West Sussex, UK, 5-8 February 2017. The meeting brought together around 30 scientists from disparate backgrounds - yet with a common interest of how tissue morphogenesis occurs and its dysregulation leads to pathologies - to intensively discuss their latest research, the current state of the field, as well as any challenges for the future. This report summarises the concepts and challenges that arose as key questions for the fields of cell, cancer and developmental biology...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737975/charting-the-future-of-cancer-health-disparities-research-a-position-statement-from-the-american-association-for-cancer-research-the-american-cancer-society-the-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-and-the-national-cancer-institute
#4
Blase N Polite, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Otis W Brawley, Nina Bickell, John M Carethers, Christopher R Flowers, Margaret Foti, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Jennifer J Griggs, Christopher S Lathan, Christopher I Li, J Leonard Lichtenfeld, Worta McCaskill-Stevens, Electra D Paskett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737054/age-trajectories-of-physical-health-among-older-adults-of-mexican-descent-implications-of-immigrant-status-age-at-immigration-and-gender
#5
Maria A Monserud
OBJECTIVE: This study examines consequences of immigrant status, age at immigration, and gender on age trajectories of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations and chronic conditions among older adults of Mexican descent. METHOD: This research draws on 7 waves of the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly and employs growth curve models. RESULTS: All men had similar age trajectories of ADL limitations, regardless of immigrant status and age at immigration...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736411/community-engaged-attribute-mapping-exploring-resources-and-readiness-to-change-the-rural-context-for-obesity-prevention
#6
Deborah John, Tammy Winfield, Lena Etuk, Perry Hystad, Gail Langellotto, Melinda Manore, Kathy Gunter
BACKGROUND: Individual risk factors for obesity are well-known, but environmental characteristics that influence individual risk, especially in rural communities, are not confirmed. Rural communities face unique challenges to implementing environmental strategies, such as walkability, aimed at supporting weight healthy lifestyles. Cooperative Extension, a community-embedded weight health partner, convened and engaged community members in self-exploration of local resources and readiness to change environmental characteristics perceived to promote unhealthy eating and inactivity...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736404/factors-that-facilitate-addressing-social-determinants-of-health-throughout-community-based-participatory-research-processes
#7
Rebecca Paradiso de Sayu, Shannon M Sparks
BACKGROUND: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is one approach to addressing health disparities. Considering social conditions that foster disparate health outcomes is a strength of CBPR studies that move beyond a more narrow focus on modifying individual health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This article examines factors that facilitate addressing the social determinants of health (SDH) throughout a CBPR process. METHODS: Conducting an extensive literature review of relevant key terms and, subsequently, using purposeful snowball sampling, we identified ten CBPR partnerships that addressed SDH and conducted semistructured interviews followed by qualitative content analysis...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736403/combating-health-disparities-in-cambodian-american-communities-a-cbpr-approach-to-building-community-capacity
#8
S Megan Berthold, Sengly Kong, Theanvy Kuoch, Elizabeth A Schilling, Rasy An, Mary Blatz, Rorng Sorn, Sivheng Ung, Yorn Yan, Mary Scully, Seiya Fukuda, Lorin Mordecai
BACKGROUND: Cambodian Americans have higher rates of health problems compared with the general U.S. POPULATION: A relatively modest community capacity for collecting data contributes to these disparities. OBJECTIVES: To (1) further develop the Cambodian American community's capacity to design and conduct health research meaningful to their community via a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, (2) train and deploy bilingual community health workers (CHWs) to gather health-related data from their communities using mobile technology, and (3) measure the feasibility and effectiveness of our efforts...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736148/risk-and-protective-factors-in-the-lives-of-transgender-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#9
Marla E Eisenberg, Amy L Gower, Barbara J McMorris, G Nicole Rider, Glynis Shea, Eli Coleman
PURPOSE: Research suggests that transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth may be at greatly increased risk of high-risk health behaviors compared with cisgender youth, but existing studies are limited by convenience samples and small numbers. This study uses a large school-based sample of adolescents to describe the prevalence of TGNC identity, associations with health risk behaviors and protective factors, and differences across birth-assigned sex. METHODS: This study analyzes existing surveillance data provided by 9th and 11th grade students in Minnesota in 2016 (N = 81,885)...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735811/improving-hospital-quality-to-reduce-disparities-in-severe-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality
#10
Elizabeth A Howell, Jennifer Zeitlin
Significant racial/ethnic disparities in maternal morbidity and mortality exist in the United States. Black women are 3-4 times more likely to die a pregnancy-related death as compared with white women. Growing research suggests that hospital quality may be a critical lever for improving outcomes and narrowing disparities. This overview reviews the evidence demonstrating that hospital quality is related to maternal mortality and morbidity, discusses the pathways through which these associations between quality and severe maternal morbidity generate disparities, and concludes with a discussion of possible levers for action to reduce disparities by improving hospital quality...
July 20, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733787/gatekeepers-perceptions-of-the-quality-and-availability-of-services-for-breast-and-cervical-cancer-patients-in-the-english-speaking-windward-islands-an-exploratory-investigation
#11
Kamilah B Thomas-Purcell, Will L Tarver, Christine Richards, Marva Primus-Joseph
PURPOSE: Although extensive screening services for breast and cervical cancers are available in the Caribbean, these cancers continue to be the leading causes of cancer death among women in this region. The purpose of this study was to determine the quality and availability of breast and cervical cancer treatment care and support services from the perspective of the gatekeepers who provide care for the patients in the Windward Islands of Dominica, Grenada, St Lucia, and St. Vincent. METHODS: A qualitative research design using semi-structured, in-depth interviews was used to gather data from gatekeepers who provided oncology prevention and care services to patients for at least one year...
July 21, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733772/state-minority-health-officers-perceptions-of-their-successes-and-barriers-to-reducing-racial-and-ethnic-health-disparities
#12
Aaron J Diehr, Timothy R Jordan, James H Price, Jiunn-Jye Sheu, Joseph A Dake
BACKGROUND: Minimal research has been conducted to examine the impact and reach of state offices of minority health (SOMH) and their role in reducing racial and ethnic health disparities within their states. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to describe the shared experiences of SOMH officers to provide context for why these individuals believe that state organizational efforts have not yielded much success in reducing racial and ethnic health disparity gaps. METHODS: Using a telephone interview guide, the investigators conducted telephone interviews with SOMH officers...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733466/the-reliability-of-the-american-community-survey-for-injury-surveillance
#13
Nathaniel Bell, Bo Cai
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the reliability and predictability of 49 socioeconomic indicators constructed from the annual and multiyear American Community Survey (ACS) data cycles for monitoring injury inequalities across the USA. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2006-2013 annual and multiyear county-level ACS data cycles. Indicator reliability was assessed using the margin of error and coefficient of variation (CV). Overlapping multiyear data cycles were assessed for statistical dependence in the estimates...
August 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732498/a-qualitative-study-on-the-intersectional-social-determinants-for-indigenous-people-who-become-infected-with-hiv-in-their-youth
#14
Roberta L Woodgate, Melanie Zurba, Pauline Tennent, Carla Cochrane, Mike Payne, Javier Mignone
BACKGROUND: Indigenous young people are currently highly overrepresented in the HIV epidemic in Canada, especially in the Prairie Provinces, such as Manitoba. Understanding HIV-vulnerability in Indigenous peoples must begin with understanding that social determinants are intersectional and linked to the historical legacy of European colonization. In this paper findings that detail the influence of the intersectional social determinants on Indigenous people who become infected with HIV in their youth are presented...
July 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730278/mobilizing-community-health-workers-to-address-mental-health-disparities-for-underserved-populations-a-systematic-review
#15
Miya L Barnett, Araceli Gonzalez, Jeanne Miranda, Denise A Chavira, Anna S Lau
This systematic review evaluates efforts to date to involve community health workers (CHWs) in delivering evidence-based mental health interventions to underserved communities in the United States and in low- and middle-income countries. Forty-three articles (39 trials) were reviewed to characterize the background characteristics of CHW, their role in intervention delivery, the types of interventions they delivered, and the implementation supports they received. The majority of trials found that CHW-delivered interventions led to symptom reduction...
July 20, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728514/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-multidimensional-scale-assessing-subjective-well-being-the-well-being-scale-webs
#16
P Priscilla Lui, Gaithri A Fernando
Numerous scales currently exist that assess well-being, but research on measures of well-being is still advancing. Conceptualization and measurement of subjective well-being have emphasized intrapsychic over psychosocial domains of optimal functioning, and disparate research on hedonic, eudaimonic, and psychological well-being lacks a unifying theoretical model. Lack of systematic investigations on the impact of culture on subjective well-being has also limited advancement of this field. The goals of this investigation were to (1) develop and validate a self-report measure, the Well-Being Scale (WeBS), that simultaneously assesses overall well-being and physical, financial, social, hedonic, and eudaimonic domains of this construct; (2) evaluate factor structures that underlie subjective well-being; and (3) examine the measure's psychometric properties...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728142/strategies-to-improve-private-well-water-quality-a-north-carolina-perspective
#17
REVIEW
Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson, Kelsey J Pieper
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that the 44.5 million U.S. residents drawing their drinking water from private wells face higher risks of waterborne contaminant exposure than those served by regulated community water supplies. Among U.S. states, North Carolina (N.C.) has the second-largest population relying on private wells, making it a useful microcosm to study challenges to maintaining private-well water quality. OBJECTIVES: This paper summarizes recommendations from a two-day summit to identify options to improve drinking-water quality for N...
July 7, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728114/variation-in-receipt-of-pharmacotherapy-for-alcohol-use-disorders-across-racial-ethnic-groups-a-national-study-in-the-u-s-veterans-health-administration
#18
Emily C Williams, Shalini Gupta, Anna D Rubinsky, Joseph E Glass, Rhonda Jones-Webb, Kara M Bensley, Alex H S Harris
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacologic treatment is recommended for alcohol use disorders (AUD), but most patients do not receive it. Although racial/ethnic minorities have greater AUD consequences than whites, whether AUD medication receipt varies across race/ethnicity is unknown. We evaluate this in a national sample. METHODS: Electronic health records data were extracted for all black, Hispanic, and/or white patients who received care at the U.S. Veterans Health Administration (VA) during Fiscal Year 2012 and had a documented AUD diagnosis...
July 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727240/development-and-dissemination-of-the-el-centro-health-disparities-measures-library
#19
Victoria Behar Mitrani, Joanne E O'Day, Timothy B Norris, Oluwamuyiwa Winifred Adebayo
PURPOSE: This report describes the development and dissemination of a library of English measures, with Spanish translations, on constructs relevant to social determinants of health and behavioral health outcomes. The El Centro Measures Library is a product of the Center of Excellence for Health Disparities Research: El Centro, a program funded by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The library is aimed at enhancing capacity for minority health and health disparities research, particularly for Hispanics living in the United States and abroad...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726474/is-subjective-social-status-a-unique-correlate-of-physical-health-a-meta-analysis
#20
Jenny M Cundiff, Karen A Matthews
OBJECTIVE: Both social stratification (e.g., social rank) as well as economic resources (e.g., income) are thought to contribute to socioeconomic health disparities. It has been proposed that subjective socioeconomic status (an individual's perception of his or her hierarchical rank) provides increased predictive utility for physical health over and above more traditional, well-researched socioeconomic constructs such as education, occupation, and income. METHOD: PsycINFO and PubMed databases were systematically searched for studies examining the association of subjective socioeconomic status (SES) and physical health adjusting for at least 1 measure of objective SES...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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