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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641374/intergenerational-socioeconomic-mobility-and-adult-depression-the-constances-study
#1
Maria Melchior, Abdelkrim Ziad, Emilie Courtin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Judith van der Waerden
Socioeconomic mobility from childhood onwards may predict depression risk in adulthood. Using data from the nationally representative CONSTANCES study in France (2012-2014, n = 67,057), we assessed the relationship between intergenerational socioeconomic mobility and adult depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale, > = 16 in men, > = 20 in women) and antidepressant use. Socioeconomic position was ascertained by occupational grade (childhood: maternal and paternal measures prior to age 15 years combined; adult: participant own)...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641056/the-odd-couple-using-biomedical-and-intersectional-approaches-to-address-health-inequities
#2
Olena Hankivsky, Lesley Doyal, Gillian Einstein, Ursula Kelly, Janet Shim, Lynn Weber, Robin Repta
BACKGROUND: Better understanding and addressing health inequities is a growing global priority. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we contribute to the literature examining complex relationships between biological and social dimensions in the field of health inequalities. Specifically, we explore the potential of intersectionality to advance current approaches to socio-biological entwinements. DESIGN: We provide a brief overview of current approaches to combining both biological and social factors in a single study, and then investigate the contributions of an intersectional framework to such work...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640664/%C3%A2-somos-iguales-using-a-structural-violence-framework-to-understand-gender-and-health-inequities-from-an-intersectional-perspective-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#3
Geordan D Shannon, Angelica Motta, Carlos F Cáceres, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Diana Bowie, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: In the Peruvian Amazon, historical events of colonization and political marginalization intersect with identities of ethnicity, class and geography in the construction of gender and health inequities. Gender-based inequalities can manifest in poor health outcomes via discriminatory practices, healthcare system imbalances, inequities in health research, and differential exposures and vulnerabilities to diseases. Structural violence is a comprehensive framework to explain the mechanisms by which social forces such as poverty, racism and gender inequity become embodied as individual experiences and health outcomes, and thus may be a useful tool in structuring an intersectional analysis of gender and health inequities in Amazonian Peru...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634281/margaret-mccartney-health-inequality-has-to-be-political
#4
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633511/cardiovascular-risk-at-health-checks-performed-opportunistically-or-following-an-invitation-letter-cohort-study
#5
Martin C Gulliford, Bernadette Khoshaba, Lisa McDermott, Victoria Cornelius, Mark Ashworth, Frances Fuller, Jane Miller, Hiten Dodhia, Alison J Wright
Background: A population-based programme of health checks has been established in England. Participants receive postal invitations through a population-based call-recall system but health check providers may also offer health checks opportunistically. We compared cardiovascular risk scores for 'invited' and 'opportunistic' health checks. Methods: Cohort study of all health checks completed at 18 general practices from July 2013 to June 2015. For each general practice, cardiovascular (CVD) risk scores were compared by source of check and pooled using meta-analysis...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633479/geographical-inequalities-in-uptake-of-nhs-funded-eye-examinations-poisson-modelling-of-small-area-data-for-essex-uk
#6
Darren Shickle, Tracey M Farragher, Chris J Davey, Sarah V Slade, James Syrett
Background: Small-area analysis of National Health Service (NHS)-funded sight test uptake in Leeds showed significant inequalities in access among people aged <16 or ≥60. Methods: Data were extracted from 604 126 valid General Ophthalmic Services (GOS)1 claim forms for eye examinations for Essex residents between October 2013 and July 2015. Expected GOS1 uptake for each lower super output area was based on England annual uptake. Poisson regression modelling explored associations in GOS1 uptake ratio with deprivation...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632781/climate-change-and-marine-fisheries-least-developed-countries-top-global-index-of-vulnerability
#7
Robert Blasiak, Jessica Spijkers, Kanae Tokunaga, Jeremy Pittman, Nobuyuki Yagi, Henrik Österblom
Future impacts of climate change on marine fisheries have the potential to negatively influence a wide range of socio-economic factors, including food security, livelihoods and public health, and even to reshape development trajectories and spark transboundary conflict. Yet there is considerable variability in the vulnerability of countries around the world to these effects. We calculate a vulnerability index of 147 countries by drawing on the most recent data related to the impacts of climate change on marine fisheries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632767/how-is-indonesia-coping-with-its-epidemic-of-chronic-noncommunicable-diseases-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#8
Julia Schröders, Stig Wall, Mohammad Hakimi, Fatwa Sari Tetra Dewi, Lars Weinehall, Mark Nichter, Maria Nilsson, Hari Kusnanto, Ekowati Rahajeng, Nawi Ng
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have emerged as a huge global health problem in low- and middle-income countries. The magnitude of the rise of NCDs is particularly visible in Southeast Asia where limited resources have been used to address this rising epidemic, as in the case of Indonesia. Robust evidence to measure growing NCD-related burdens at national and local levels and to aid national discussion on social determinants of health and intra-country inequalities is needed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631228/the-socio-ecological-model-approach-to-understanding-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-accessing-of-health-services-by-sex-workers-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Polly H X Ma, Zenobia C Y Chan, Alice Yuen Loke
Inequities in accessing health care persist among sex workers. The purpose of the review is to understand the health-seeking behaviours of sex workers and their access to health care services with socio-ecological model. Of 3852 citations screened, 30 met the inclusion criteria for this review. The access that sex workers have to health services is a complex issue. A wide range of barriers and facilitators at multiple levels could influence sex workers' utilization of health care services, such as health or service information, stigma, social support, quality of health care, available, accessible and affordable services, healthcare policy...
June 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629358/inequities-in-utilization-of-reproductive-and-maternal-health-services-in-ethiopia
#10
REVIEW
Firew Tekle Bobo, Elias Ali Yesuf, Mirkuzie Woldie
BACKGROUND: Disparities in health services utilization within and between regional states of countries with diverse socio-cultural and economic conditions such as Ethiopia is a frequent encounter. Understanding and taking measures to address unnecessary and avoidable differences in the use of reproductive and maternal health services is a key concern in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to examine degree of equity in reproductive and maternal health services utilization in Ethiopia. METHOD: Data from Ethiopia demographic health survey 2014 was analyzed...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629356/lifestyle-and-income-related-inequality-in-health-in-south-africa
#11
Alfred Kechia Mukong, Corne Van Walbeek, Hana Ross
BACKGROUND: Many low- and middle-income countries are experiencing an epidemiological transition from communicable to non-communicable diseases. This has negative consequences for their human capital development, and imposes a growing economic burden on their societies. While the prevalence of such diseases varies with socioeconomic status, the inequalities can be exacerbated by adopted lifestyles of individuals. Evidence suggests that lifestyle factors may explain the income-related inequality in self-reported health...
June 19, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629275/applying-learning-theory-to-safety-and-health-training-for-hispanic-immigrant-dairy-workers
#12
Patricia M Juárez-Carrillo, Amy K Liebman, Iris Anne C Reyes, Yurany V Ninco Sánchez, Matthew C Keifer
We designed a safety and health curriculum for dairy immigrant workers aiming to increase knowledge, encourage safe behavior, and reduce worker communication inequalities to prevent occupational injury and diseases. The design is largely based on the Taxonomy of Significant Learning and incorporated behavioral and adult learning theories and principles of occupational hazard control. Trainings were implemented with 836 Spanish-speaking workers from 67 farms in Wisconsin. Sixty-seven percent of workers reported never being trained before in dairy safety, 65% of these worked in dairy for 5 or fewers years, and 26% of workers reported being ever injured while working on dairy...
July 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627085/levels-distribution-and-correlates-of-health-insurance-coverage-in-kenya
#13
Jacob S Kazungu, Edwine W Barasa
OBJECTIVE: To examine the levels, inequalities, and factors associated with health insurance coverage in Kenya. METHODS: We analyzed secondary data from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) conducted in 2009 and 2014. We examined the level of health insurance coverage overall, and by type, using an asset index to categorize households into 5 socio-economic quintiles with quintile 5 (Q5) being the richest and quintile 1 (Q1) being the poorest. The high-low ratio (Q5/Q1 ratio), concentration curve, and concentration index (CIX) were employed to assess inequalities in health insurance coverage, and logistic regression to examine correlates of health insurance coverage...
June 19, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626068/colorectal-cancer-screening-how-health-gains-and-cost-effectiveness-vary-by-ethnic-group-the-impact-on-health-inequalities-and-the-optimal-age-range-to-screen
#14
Melissa McLeod, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Matt Boyd, Jan Barendregt, Diana Sarfati, Nick Wilson, Tony Blakely
Background Screening programmes consistently underserve indigenous populations despite a higher overall burden of cancer. In this study we explore the likely health gains and cost-effectiveness of a national colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programme for the indigenous Māori population of New Zealand (NZ). Methods A Markov model estimated: health benefits (QALYs), costs and cost-effectiveness of biennial immunochemical faecal occult blood testing (FOBTi) of 50-74 year olds, from 2011. Input parameters came from: literature reviews, the NZ Bowel Screening Programme Pilot, and NZ linked health datasets...
June 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625599/disparities-in-anxiety-and-its-disorders
#15
EDITORIAL
Michael J Zvolensky, Lorra Garey, Jafar Bakhshaie
Much of the scientific work addressing the enigmas of anxiety and its disorders has been conducted among European Americans. This work has led to great progress into the nature of anxiety psychopathology, including etiologic, maintenance, and relapse processes. Moreover, evidenced-based treatments for anxiety and its disorders have arguably been among the best in the field of psychopathology for well over two decades. Yet, the progress thus far attained on the nature and treatment of anxiety disorders has not benefited all members of society equally...
May 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625030/the-clinical-nutrition-research-agenda-in-indonesia-and-beyond-ecological-strategy-for-food-in-health-care-delivery
#16
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Despite progress with the food-associated health agenda in the public health and clinical domains, much remains to be done in Indonesia. There are reasons to be optimistic which include economic development, increasing literacy, progress towards universal health coverage and community organizational arrangements across the archipelago which focus on health through some 10,000 puskesmas. These community health centres are variably staffed with voluntary cadres from the community, bidans (nurses) and general medical practitioners...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624180/effect-of-implementation-of-a-smoke-free-policy-on-physical-violence-in-a-psychiatric-inpatient-setting-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#17
Debbie Robson, Gilda Spaducci, Ann McNeill, Duncan Stewart, Tom J K Craig, Mary Yates, Lisa Szatkowski
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free policies are important to protect health and reduce health inequalities. A major barrier to policy implementation in psychiatric hospitals is staff concern that physical violence will increase. We aimed to assess the effect of implementing a comprehensive smoke-free policy on rates of physical assaults in a large UK mental health organisation. METHODS: We did an interrupted time series analysis of incident reports of physical assault 30 months before and 12 months after the implementation of the policy in the inpatient wards of South London and Maudsley National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, UK...
June 14, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621247/-aria-2016-executive-summary-integrated-care-pathways-for-predictive-medicine-across-the-life-cycle
#18
Ayşe Arzu Yorgancıoğlu, Ömer Kalaycı, Cemal Cingi, Bilun Gemicioğlu, Ali Fuat Kalyoncu, Iogana Agache, Claus Bachert, Anna Bedbrook, George Walter Canonica, Thomas Casale, Alvaro Cruz, Wytsk Ej Fokkens, Peter Hellings, Boleslaw Samolinski, Jean Bousquet
The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) initiative commenced during a World Health Organization (WHO) workshop in 1999. The initial goals were (i) to propose a new allergic rhinitis classification, (ii) to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and (iii) to develop guidelines with all stakeholders for global use in all countries and populations. ARIA- disseminated and implemented in over 70 countries globally- is now focusing on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620723/advances-in-ebi-development-for-diverse-populations-towards-a-science-of-intervention-adaptation
#19
Felipe Gonzalez Castro, Miwa Yasui
This introduction examines major issues and challenges as presented in this special issue of Prevention Science, "Challenges to the Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence Based Prevention Interventions for Diverse Populations." We describe the Fidelity-Adaptation Dilemma that became the origin of dynamic tensions in prevention science. It generated controversies and debates and new perspectives on the dissemination and implementation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) within diverse populations. The five articles in this special issue address many of these challenges...
June 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619903/linking-job-loss-inequality-mental-health-and-education
#20
Elizabeth O Ananat, Anna Gassman-Pines, Dania V Francis, Christina M Gibson-Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Science
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