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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994471/god-of-the-hinge-treating-lgbtqia-patients
#1
Annie Boland
This paper looks at systems of gender within the context of analysis. It explores the unique challenges of individuation faced by transsexual, transgender, gender queer, gender non-conforming, cross-dressing and intersex patients. To receive patients generously we need to learn how a binary culture produces profound and chronic trauma. These patients wrestle with being who they are whilst simultaneously receiving negative projections and feeling invisible. While often presenting with the struggles of gender conforming individuals, understanding the specifically gendered aspect of their identity is imperative...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987244/implicit-bias-in-pediatric-academic-medicine
#2
Tiffani J Johnson, Angela M Ellison, George Dalembert, Jessica Fowler, Menaka Dhingra, Kathy Shaw, Said Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: Despite known benefits of diversity, certain racial/ethnic groups remain underrepresented in academic pediatrics. Little research exists regarding unconscious racial attitudes among pediatric faculty responsible for decisions on workforce recruitment and retention in academia. This study sought to describe levels of unconscious racial bias and perceived barriers to minority recruitment and retention among academic pediatric faculty leaders. METHODS: Authors measured unconscious racial bias in a sample of pediatric faculty attending diversity workshops conducted at local and national meetings in 2015...
2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976555/techniques-for-preventing-hypotension-during-spinal-anaesthesia-for-caesarean-section
#3
REVIEW
Cheryl Chooi, Julia J Cox, Richard S Lumb, Philippa Middleton, Mark Chemali, Richard S Emmett, Scott W Simmons, Allan M Cyna
BACKGROUND: Maternal hypotension is the most frequent complication of spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section. It can be associated with nausea or vomiting and may pose serious risks to the mother (unconsciousness, pulmonary aspiration) and baby (hypoxia, acidosis, neurological injury). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of prophylactic interventions for hypotension following spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (9 August 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies...
August 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959939/rooting-out-bias
#4
Bridget M Kuehn
Tackling unconscious bias is a major challenge for journals and the rest of the scientific community.
September 29, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955268/subliminally-and-supraliminally-acquired-long-term-memories-jointly-bias-delayed-decisions
#5
Simon Ruch, Elizabeth Herbert, Katharina Henke
Common wisdom and scientific evidence suggest that good decisions require conscious deliberation. But growing evidence demonstrates that not only conscious but also unconscious thoughts influence decision-making. Here, we hypothesize that both consciously and unconsciously acquired memories guide decisions. Our experiment measured the influence of subliminally and supraliminally presented information on delayed (30-40 min) decision-making. Participants were presented with subliminal pairs of faces and written occupations for unconscious encoding...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936782/unconscious-bias-and-the-psychosocially-challenged-patient-a-surgeon-s-perspective
#6
Sean T Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870336/unconscious-bias
#7
Nolan Kagetsu, Richard B Gunderman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855358/thermal-facial-reactivity-patterns-predict-social-categorization-bias-triggered-by-unconscious-and-conscious-emotional-stimuli
#8
Giorgia Ponsi, Maria Serena Panasiti, Giulia Rizza, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
Members of highly social species decode, interpret, and react to the emotion of a conspecific depending on whether the other belongs to the same (ingroup) or different (outgroup) social group. While studies indicate that consciously perceived emotional stimuli drive social categorization, information about how implicit emotional stimuli and specific physiological signatures affect social categorization is lacking. We addressed this issue by exploring whether subliminal and supraliminal affective priming can influence the categorization of neutral faces as ingroup versus outgroup...
August 30, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826385/unconscious-bias-what-is-yours
#9
Norma Graciela Cuellar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821774/pre-coincidence-brain-activity-predicts-the-perceptual-outcome-of-streaming-bouncing-motion-display
#10
Song Zhao, Yajie Wang, Lina Jia, Chengzhi Feng, Yu Liao, Wenfeng Feng
When two identical visual discs move toward each other on a two-dimensional visual display, they can be perceived as either "streaming through" or "bouncing off" each other after their coincidence. Previous studies have observed a strong bias toward the streaming percept. Additionally, the incidence of the bouncing percept in this ambiguous display could be increased by various factors, such as a brief sound at the moment of coincidence and a momentary pause of the two discs. The streaming/bouncing bistable motion phenomenon has been studied intensively since its discovery...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810973/the-influence-of-combat-experience-on-psychologically-healthy-soldiers-attentiveness-to-environmental-threats
#11
Bethany Ranes, Chris P Long, Stephanie Traynham, Amanda Hayes
INTRODUCTION: In contrast to previous research that has primarily examined how psychological disorders (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder [PTSD], anxiety) are affected by and affect individuals' threat perceptions, this study examines the relationship between combat experience and threat-monitoring in psychologically healthy Soldiers. Existing research has established how prolonged or intense experiences with war-related stressors can lead individuals to undergo an unconscious fear-conditioning process that affects the circuitry of the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and anterior cingulate cortex regions of the brain...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796582/mortality-salience-reduces-tactile-attention-among-people-with-low-body-esteem
#12
Jonathan Beyrak-Lev, Zach Gerber, Tsachi Ein-Dor, Gilad Hirschberger
Death awareness leads to aversion from bodily processes such as breastfeeding and sex, especially among low body esteem individuals. Using a modality bias task, we examined whether primes of death reduced attention to bodily sensations. We subliminally primed 72 undergraduates with either the word death or failed and assessed their attention to tactile and visual stimuli as a function of their body esteem. Results indicated that death primes significantly reduced attention to tactile stimuli relative to visual stimuli in low body esteem individuals...
August 10, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762693/patients-with-disabilities-avoiding-unconscious-bias-when-discussing-goals-of-care
#13
Clarissa Kripke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736213/beyond-expectations-the-responses-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system-to-visual-food-cues
#14
Luz Verastegui-Tena, Aurelia Schulte-Holierhoek, Hans van Trijp, Betina Piqueras-Fiszman
Self-report measures rely on cognitive and rational processes and may not, therefore, be the most suitable tools to investigate implicit or unconscious factors within a sensory experience. The responses from the autonomic nervous system (ANS), which are not susceptible to bias due to their involuntary nature, may provide a better insight. Expectations are important for the consumer-product interaction and should be considered. However, research using ANS responses has not focused thoroughly on expectations...
July 20, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725865/the-science-of-empathy
#15
Helen Riess
Empathy plays a critical interpersonal and societal role, enabling sharing of experiences, needs, and desires between individuals and providing an emotional bridge that promotes pro-social behavior. This capacity requires an exquisite interplay of neural networks and enables us to perceive the emotions of others, resonate with them emotionally and cognitively, to take in the perspective of others, and to distinguish between our own and others' emotions. Studies show empathy declines during medical training...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708467/gender-differences-in-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#16
Anna Paganini, Camilla Hörfelt, Hans Mark
Numerous gender-based differences in medical treatment have been recognized due to conscious or unconscious perceptions, i.e. gender bias. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether gender differences exist in the surgical treatment of patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) anomalies. This study is a retrospective review of 235 consecutive patients with non-syndromic unilateral CLP or bilateral CLP born between 1966 and 1986. Each chart was reviewed, and 2178 surgical procedures were registered and categorized as primary surgery (primary lip, palatal and alveolar repair) or secondary surgery (aesthetic and functional revision)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659843/leaky-pipeline-myths-in-search-of-gender-effects-on-the-job-market-and-early-career-publishing-in-philosophy
#17
Sean Allen-Hermanson
That philosophy is an outlier in the humanities when it comes to the underrepresentation of women has been the occasion for much discussion about possible effects of subtle forms of prejudice, including implicit bias and stereotype threat. While these ideas have become familiar to the philosophical community, there has only recently been a surge of interest in acquiring field-specific data. This paper adds to quantitative findings bearing on hypotheses about the effects of unconscious prejudice on two important stages along career pathways: tenure-track hiring and early career publishing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632597/leadership-communication-and-negotiation-across-a-diverse-workforce-an-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#18
Denis R Clohisy, Michael J Yaszemski, Joanne Lipman
The current workforce in the United States is rapidly changing and is increasingly inclusive of individuals from a broad range of ages, ethnicities, and cultural backgrounds. Engaging and leading a diverse workforce creates great opportunities for innovation and adaptation in our evolving medical economic and clinical care delivery environment. For optimal engagement of employees and partners, orthopaedic surgeons must develop the necessary skills for executing change inside complex organizations and across teams composed of a variety of providers and skilled workers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628955/recovering-the-father-in-mind-and-flesh-history-triadic-functioning-and-developmental-implications
#19
Michael J Diamond
This paper aims to restore the father and paternal function to their rightful place alongside the mother and maternity in order to counter the prevailing matricentric, dyadic bias in psychoanalytic theory and technique. The author contends that both the symbolic and the actual, flesh-and-blood father are necessary to optimize his child's development. The paternal function inevitably operates in a triadic matrix; thirdness is always psychically in existence-with the father ever present in the mother's unconscious mind-and the paternal third is necessary to open up symbolic space...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536918/-cognitive-errors-in-diagnostic-decision-making
#20
REVIEW
Martin Gäbler
Approximately 10-15% of our diagnostic decisions are faulty and may lead to unfavorable and dangerous outcomes, which could be avoided. These diagnostic errors are mainly caused by cognitive biases in the diagnostic reasoning process.Our medical diagnostic decision-making is based on intuitive "System 1" and analytical "System 2" diagnostic decision-making and can be deviated by unconscious cognitive biases.These deviations can be positively influenced on a systemic and an individual level. For the individual, metacognition (internal withdrawal from the decision-making process) and debiasing strategies, such as verification, falsification and rule out worst-case scenarios, can lead to improved diagnostic decisions making...
May 23, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
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