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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938762/commentary-inequalities-and-health-an-opportunity-missed
#1
Mike Savage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938754/commentary-a-multi-factorial-and-dynamic-approach-to-health-inequalities-lessons-from-marmot-s-the-health-gap
#2
O Lundberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938129/global-exponential-stability-of-inertial-memristor-based-neural-networks-with-time-varying-delays-and-impulses
#3
Wei Zhang, Tingwen Huang, Xing He, Chuandong Li
In this study, we investigate the global exponential stability of inertial memristor-based neural networks with impulses and time-varying delays. We construct inertial memristor-based neural networks based on the characteristics of the inertial neural networks and memristor. Impulses with and without delays are considered when modeling the inertial neural networks simultaneously, which are of great practical significance in the current study. Some sufficient conditions are derived under the framework of the Lyapunov stability method, as well as an extended Halanay differential inequality and a new delay impulsive differential inequality, which depend on impulses with and without delays, in order to guarantee the global exponential stability of the inertial memristor-based neural networks...
April 13, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938077/one-step-for-a-hospital-ten-steps-for-women-african-american-women-s-experiences-in-a-newly-accredited-baby-friendly-hospital
#4
Elizabeth M Miller, Adetola F Louis-Jacques, Tara F Deubel, Ivonne Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Despite strides made by the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative to improve and normalize breastfeeding, considerable racial inequality persists in breastfeeding rates. Few studies have explored African American women's experience in a Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative system to understand sources of this inequality. Research aim: This study aimed to explore African American women's experiences of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding at a women's center associated with a university-affiliated hospital that recently achieved Baby-Friendly status...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938047/diversity-in-the-us-infectious-diseases-workforce-challenges-for-women-and-underrepresented-minorities
#5
Judith A Aberg, Joel Blankson, Jeanne Marrazzo, Adaora A Adimora
Research documents significant gender-based salary inequities among physicians and ongoing inadequacies in recruitment and promotion of physicians from underrepresented minority groups. Given the complexity of the social forces that promote these disparities, their elimination will likely require quantitative and qualitative research to understand the pathways that lead to them and to develop effective solutions. Interventions to combat implicit bias will be required, and structural interventions that hold medical school leadership accountable are needed to achieve and maintain salary equity and racial and gender diversity at all levels...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937934/an-evaluation-of-new-york-city-s-2015-birth-certificate-gender-marker-regulation
#6
Erica J Lee, Danielle Gurr, Gretchen Van Wye
PURPOSE: In 1971, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene amended Section 207.05 of the NYC Health Code to allow individuals who had undergone "convertive surgery" (interpreted by the code to mean genital surgery) to amend the gender on their birth certificates. This surgery requirement was removed in 2015. In a survey evaluating the regulation change, we sought to characterize the transgender population newly eligible to obtain a gender-congruent NYC birth certificate by comparing respondents with and without genital surgery...
September 22, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937613/neighborhood-context-homeownership-and-home-value-an-ecological-analysis-of-implications-for-health
#7
Roshanak Mehdipanah, Amy J Schulz, Barbara A Israel, Graciela Mentz, Alexa Eisenberg, Carmen Stokes, Zachary Rowe
While homeownership has been linked to positive health outcomes there is limited evidence regarding the conditions under which it may be health protective. We present a conceptual model linking homeownership to health, highlighting key potential pathways. Using the Detroit Metropolitan Area as a case study, and data from the American Community Survey (2009-2013; 5-years estimates) and Michigan Department of Community Health, we tested the following questions: (1) Is neighborhood percentage non-Hispanic Black (NHB) associated with homeownership? (2) Is neighborhood percentage NHB associated with health? (3) Is the association between percentage NHB and health mediated by homeownership? (4) Does neighborhood housing value modify associations between percentage NHB and health, or between homeownership and health? Percentage NHB was associated with homeownership and health outcomes; Associations between percentage NHB and mortality, but not disability, were partially mediated by neighborhood homeownership...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937609/job-satisfaction-among-health-care-staff-in-township-health-centers-in-rural-china-results-from-a-latent-class-analysis
#8
Haipeng Wang, Chengxiang Tang, Shichao Zhao, Qingyue Meng, Xiaoyun Liu
Background: The lower job satisfaction of health-care staff will lead to more brain drain, worse work performance, and poorer health-care outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify patterns of job satisfaction among health-care staff in rural China, and to investigate the association between the latent clusters and health-care staff's personal and professional features; Methods: We selected 12 items of five-point Likert scale questions to measure job satisfaction. A latent-class analysis was performed to identify subgroups based on the items of job satisfaction; Results: Four latent classes of job satisfaction were identified: 8...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936795/the-ugly-truth-about-ourselves-and-our-robot-creations-the-problem-of-bias-and-social-inequity
#9
Ayanna Howard, Jason Borenstein
Recently, there has been an upsurge of attention focused on bias and its impact on specialized artificial intelligence (AI) applications. Allegations of racism and sexism have permeated the conversation as stories surface about search engines delivering job postings for well-paying technical jobs to men and not women, or providing arrest mugshots when keywords such as "black teenagers" are entered. Learning algorithms are evolving; they are often created from parsing through large datasets of online information while having truth labels bestowed on them by crowd-sourced masses...
September 21, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936015/looking-through-a-different-lens-examining-the-inequality-mortality-association-in-u-s-counties-using-spatial-panel-models
#10
Tse-Chuan Yang, Stephen A Matthews, Kiwoong Park
Two areas still need further examination in the ecological study of inequality and mortality. First, the evidence for the relationship between income inequality and mortality remains inconclusive, particularly when the analytic unit is small (e.g., county in the U.S.). Second, most previous studies are cross-sectional and are unable to address the recent diverging patterns whereby mortality has decreased and income inequality increased. This study aims to contribute to both topic areas by studying the relationship between inequality and mortality via a spatiotemporal approach that simultaneously considers the spatial structure and the temporal trends of inequality and mortality using county panel data between 1990 and 2010 for the conterminous U...
September 2017: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935433/intersectorality-and-social-participation-as-coping-policies-for-health-inequities-worldwide
#11
Regina Celia Fiorati, Ricardo A Arcêncio, Javier Segura Del Pozo, Milagros Ramasco-Gutiérrez, Pilar Serrano-Gallardo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact that intersectoral policies and social participation, implemented worldwide, have had on the modification of the social determinants for health and on the reduction of social health inequities. METHOD: A scoping review of the literature published in the period 2005-2015 was performed. The literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scielo databases. Two researchers reviewed each document. Data were analysed according to the intersectoral action and social participation variables and according to the theoretical frameworks of the Social Determinants Model of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) and the theoretical constructs of Social Capital (SC) and Life Course (LC)...
September 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935158/socioeconomic-inequality-of-access-to-healthcare-does-choice-explain-the-gradient
#12
Giuseppe Moscelli, Luigi Siciliani, Nils Gutacker, Richard Cookson
Equity of access is a key policy objective in publicly-funded healthcare systems. However, observed inequalities of access by socioeconomic status may result from differences in patients' choices. Using data on non-emergency coronary revascularisation procedures in the English National Health Service, we found substantive differences in waiting times within public hospitals between patients with different socioeconomic status: up to 35% difference, or 43days, between the most and least deprived population quintile groups...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934898/rethinking-hiv-prevention-for-school-going-young-people-based-on-current-behaviour-patterns
#13
Maretha Visser
The aim of the research was to gain increased knowledge regarding the sexual risk behaviour of school-going young people in South Africa after two decades of HIV-education in schools, to contribute to the development of improved HIV prevention strategies. In collaboration with the Department of Education, a sample of 5305 learners (between 10 and 18 years in Grades 5-12) from high-risk communities were identified. They completed a survey that assessed self-reported sexual risk behaviour and variables that potentially underlie sexual risk, such as attitudes towards preventive behaviour, perceived social norms and self-efficacy (based on the theory of planned behaviour [TPB]) and social factors like caregiver relationships and gender norms (based on the social ecological theory)...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934760/rare-cancers-the-greatest-inequality-in-cancer-research-and-oncology-treatment
#14
EDITORIAL
Muhammad A Alvi, Richard H Wilson, Manuel Salto-Tellez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933884/critical-action-as-a-pathway-to-social-mobility-among-marginalized-youth
#15
Luke J Rapa, Matthew A Diemer, Josefina Bañales
Marginalized youth's development occurs in contexts rife with racialized, gendered, and socioeconomic social identity threats and barriers to social mobility. An emergent line of inquiry suggests critical action-a component of critical consciousness, defined as engaging in individual or collective social action to produce social change-may bolster career development for those experiencing marginalization. Yet, the specific mechanisms underlying critical action-career development associations are not well understood...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933772/horizontal-inequity-in-health-care-utilization-among-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-in-china
#16
Chaofan Li, Lei Dou, Haipeng Wang, Shanshan Jing, Aitian Yin
BACKGROUND: Equitable utilization of health care is a primary goal of the Chinese health system. This study aimed to examine horizontal inequity in health care utilization and identify the factors resulting in inequity among the middle-aged and elderly in China. METHODS: The data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). We employed the concentration index (CI) and horizontal inequity (HI) to measure inequity in health care utilization...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933747/facilitators-of-physical-activity-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#17
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932101/a-new-upper-bound-of-geometric-constant-formula-see-text
#18
Jin Huan Li, Bo Ling, San Yang Liu
A new constant [Formula: see text] is introduced into any real [Formula: see text]-dimensional symmetric normed space X. By virtue of this constant, an upper bound of the geometric constant [Formula: see text], which is used to measure the difference between Birkhoff orthogonality and isosceles orthogonality, is obtained and further extended to an arbitrary m-dimensional symmetric normed linear space ([Formula: see text]). As an application, the result is used to prove a special case for the reverse Hölder inequality...
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932100/generalized-geometrically-convex-functions-and-inequalities
#19
Muhammad Aslam Noor, Khalida Inayat Noor, Farhat Safdar
In this paper, we introduce and study a new class of generalized functions, called generalized geometrically convex functions. We establish several basic inequalities related to generalized geometrically convex functions. We also derive several new inequalities of the Hermite-Hadamard type for generalized geometrically convex functions. Several special cases are discussed, which can be deduced from our main results.
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932099/optimal-convex-combination-bounds-of-geometric-and-neuman-means-for-toader-type-mean
#20
Yue-Ying Yang, Wei-Mao Qian
In this paper, we prove that the double inequalities [Formula: see text] hold for all [Formula: see text] with [Formula: see text] if and only if [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] , [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] , where [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] are the Toader, geometric, arithmetic and two Neuman means of a and b, respectively.
2017: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
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