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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333602/children-s-perceptions-of-economic-groups-in-a-context-of-limited-access-to-opportunities
#1
Laura Elenbaas, Melanie Killen
Children (N = 267, ages 8-14 years, M = 11.61 years, middle to upper-middle income) made predictions regarding groups of same-aged peers from high-wealth and low-wealth backgrounds. The context involved granting access to a special opportunity. From middle childhood to early adolescence children increasingly expected both high- and low-wealth groups to want access to opportunities for their own group. However, children viewed high-wealth groups as motivated in part by selfishness and low-wealth groups as concerned in part with broader economic inequality...
January 15, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332490/the-oppression-of-latina-mothers-experiences-of-exploitation-violence-marginalization-cultural-imperialism-and-powerlessness-in-their-everyday-lives
#2
Cecilia Ayón, Jill T Messing, Maria Gurrola, Dellanira Valencia-Garcia
Despite Latinos being the largest growing population in the United States, research has not examined the impact of social structures on the well-being of Latina immigrants; negative social discourse and restrictive laws exacerbate inequality and discrimination in this population. Through combined inductive/deductive analysis of in-depth semistructured interviews, we examined immigrant Mexican mothers' ( N = 32) descriptions of oppression in the United States. All five forms of oppression, described in Young's oppression framework are evident: exploitation, violence, marginalization, cultural imperialism, and powerlessness...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331694/distinctive-use-of-newer-and-older-antidepressants-in-major-geographical-areas-a-nationally-representative-register-based-study
#3
Jaana I Halonen, Aki Koskinen, Anne Kouvonen, Pekka Varje, Sami Pirkola, Ari Väänänen
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether newer, mainly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and older tricyclic antidepressants are used similarly regardless of the geographical area of residence and education. METHODS: We included four randomly sampled cohorts of the Finnish working aged population (n = 998,540-1,033,135). The sampling (Dec 31st in 1995, 2000, 2004 and 2010) resulted in non-overlapping time windows where each participant was followed up for four years for the first antidepressant use...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331433/receding-horizon-h%C3%A2-guaranteed-cost-tracking-control-for-microwave-heating-medium-with-temperature-dependent-permittivity
#4
Jiaqi Zhong, Shan Liang, Qingyu Xiong
This paper considers the temperature spectrum tracking control of microwave heating model, in the presence of asymmetrical input saturation, nonhomogeneous Neumann boundary condition and temperature-dependent permittivity. The sufficient condition for the existence of receding horizon H∞ guaranteed cost control is proposed based on the derived finite-dimensional ordinary differential equation (ODE) error model. Furthermore, by on-line updating and solving linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) optimization problem, the constrained tracking controller can be obtained in the sense of minimizing H∞ norm and satisfying the quadratic cost performance...
January 10, 2018: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330166/impact-of-free-access-to-leisure-facilities-and-community-outreach-on-inequalities-in-physical-activity-a-quasi-experimental-study
#5
James Higgerson, Emma Halliday, Aurora Ortiz-Nunez, Richard Brown, Ben Barr
BACKGROUND: There are large inequalities in levels of physical activity in the UK, and this is an important determinant of health inequalities. Little is known about the effectiveness of community-wide interventions to increase physical activity and whether effects differ by socioeconomic group. METHODS: We conducted interrupted time series and difference-in-differences analyses using local administrative data and a large national survey to investigate the impact of an intervention providing universal free access to leisure facilities alongside outreach and marketing activities in a deprived local authority area in the northwest of England...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329960/the-future-of-lgbt-cancer-care-practice-and-research-implications
#6
REVIEW
David Rice, Matthew B Schabath
OBJECTIVES: To synthesize state of the knowledge collected in this volume and propose future directions for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) cancer practice, education, research, and advocacy. DATA SOURCES: Current and extant literature. CONCLUSION: Health care disparities that are known but not yet fully elucidated in the LGBT population carry into the cancer arena. Substantially more effort is required in the domains of patient care, nursing practice, nursing and patient-facing services provider education, patient education, nursing and interprofessional research, governmental commitment, professional organization action, and patient advocacy...
January 9, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329792/-implementation-of-a-health-promotion-programme-for-women-in-social-exclusion-in-the-city-of-seville-spain
#7
Cristina Rodríguez Fernández-Viagas, Carmen García Gil, Nora Bayo Barroso, Cristina Villalba Quesada, Manuela Álvarez Girón
Health promotion can contribute towards reducing inequality and ensuring equal opportunities, providing the means to enable the entire population to develop its maximum health possibilities. Women living in areas with social transformation needs (ASTN) are an especially vulnerable group due to the situation of material deprivation and social exclusion in which they live. Health promotion programmes for this group can bring about an improvement in their health. This paper describes the health promotion programme Socio-educational Groups of Primary Care for Women (SEGPC-W), and evaluates its implementation in ASTN in the city of Seville (Spain), as well as the benefits and difficulties of its development through a documentary analysis and interviews with participating professionals...
January 9, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329246/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-use-of-healthcare-services-comparison-between-the-roma-and-general-populations-in-spain
#8
REVIEW
Daniel La Parra-Casado, Paola A Mosquera, Carmen Vives-Cases, Miguel San Sebastian
This paper explores whether the principles of horizontal and vertical equity in healthcare are met by the Spanish national health system in the case of the Roma and general populations. The 2011/2012 Spanish National Health Survey (n = 21,650) and the 2014 National Health Survey of the Spanish Roma Population (n = 1167) were analyzed. Use of healthcare services was measured in terms of visits to a general practitioner (GP), visits to an emergency department, and hospitalizations. Healthcare need was measured using (a) self-rated health and (b) the reported number of chronic diseases...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328984/does-college-major-matter-for-women-s-and-men-s-health-in-midlife-examining-the-horizontal-dimensions-of-educational-attainment
#9
Jennifer Karas Montez, Wencheng Zhang, Anna Zajacova, Tod G Hamilton
Studies on how education shapes adult health have largely conceptualized education as the quantity of schooling attained, coined the "vertical dimension" of education. While this dimension is important, heterogeneity within levels of education (the "horizontal dimension") may also shape health. Using data from the 2010-2014 American Community Survey on adults aged 45-64 with a Bachelor's degree (N = 667,362), we investigate the association between a key indicator of adult health (physical functioning) and an understudied horizontal dimension of education (college major)...
January 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328880/relative-roles-of-race-versus-socioeconomic-position-in-studies-of-health-inequalities-a-matter-of-interpretation
#10
Amani M Nuru-Jeter, Elizabeth K Michaels, Marilyn D Thomas, Alexis N Reeves, Roland J Thorpe, Thomas A LaVeist
An abundance of research has documented health inequalities by race and socioeconomic position (SEP) in the United States. However, conceptual and methodological challenges complicate the interpretation of study findings, thereby limiting progress in understanding health inequalities and in achieving health equity. Fundamental to these challenges is a lack of clarity about what race is and the implications of that ambiguity for scientific inquiry. Additionally, there is wide variability in how SEP is conceptualized and measured, resulting in a lack of comparability across studies and significant misclassification of risk...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328865/the-relationship-between-education-and-health-reducing-disparities-through-a-contextual-approach
#11
Anna Zajacova, Elizabeth M Lawrence
Adults with higher educational attainment live healthier and longer lives compared with their less educated peers. The disparities are large and widening. We posit that understanding the educational and macrolevel contexts in which this association occurs is key to reducing health disparities and improving population health. In this article, we briefly review and critically assess the current state of research on the relationship between education and health in the United States. We then outline three directions for further research: We extend the conceptualization of education beyond attainment and demonstrate the centrality of the schooling process to health; we highlight the dual role of education as a driver of opportunity but also as a reproducer of inequality; and we explain the central role of specific historical sociopolitical contexts in which the education-health association is embedded...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328292/experimental-observation-of-quantum-state-independent-contextuality-under-no-signaling-conditions
#12
Ya Xiao, Zhen-Peng Xu, Qiang Li, Jin-Shi Xu, Kai Sun, Jin-Ming Cui, Zong-Quan Zhou, Hong-Yi Su, Adán Cabello, Jing-Ling Chen, Chuan-Feng Li, Guang-Can Guo
Contextuality, the impossibility of assigning context-independent measurement outcomes, is a critical resource for quantum computation and communication. No-signaling between successive measurements is an essential requirement that should be accomplished in any test of quantum contextuality and that is difficult to achieve in practice. Here, we introduce an optimal quantum state-independent contextuality inequality in which the deviation from the classical bound is maximal. We then experimentally test it using single photons generated from a defect in a bulk silicon carbide, while satisfying the requirement of no-signaling within the experimental error...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327058/trends-in-visual-health-inequalities-in-childhood-through-associations-of-visual-function-with-sex-and-social-position-across-3-uk-birth-cohorts
#13
Apichaya Amrapala, Rui Feng, Prasanthi Sivakumaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327054/trends-in-visual-health-inequalities-in-childhood-through-associations-of-visual-function-with-sex-and-social-position-across-3-uk-birth-cohorts-reply
#14
Vasiliki Bountziouka, Phillippa M Cumberland, Jugnoo S Rahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326023/exploring-quality-of-care-and-social-inequalities-related-to-type-2-diabetes-in-hungary-nationwide-representative-survey
#15
Attila Nagy, Nóra Kovács, Anita Pálinkás, Valéria Sipos, Ferenc Vincze, Gergő Szőllősi, Orsolya Csenteri, Róza Ádány, János Sándor
AIMS: The study aimed to launch a T2DM adult cohort that is representative of Hungary through a cross-sectional study, to produce the most important quality indicators for T2DM care, to describe social inequalities, and to estimate the absolute number of T2DM adult patients with uncontrolled HbA1c levels in Hungary. METHODS: A representative sample of the Hungarian T2DM adults (N=1280) was selected in 2016. GPs collected data on socio-demographic status by questionnaire, and on history and laboratory parameters from medical records...
January 8, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325781/racial-inequalities-in-health-framing-future-research
#16
Margaret T Hicken, Nicole Kravitz-Wirtz, Myles Durkee, James S Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325516/brucellosis-remains-a-neglected-disease-in-the-developing-world-a-call-for-interdisciplinary-action
#17
K A Franc, R C Krecek, B N Häsler, A M Arenas-Gamboa
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in most of the developing world that causes devastating losses to the livestock industry and small-scale livestock holders. Infected animals exhibit clinical signs that are of economic significance to stakeholders and include reduced fertility, abortion, poor weight gain, lost draught power, and a substantial decline in milk production. In humans, brucellosis typically manifests as a variety of non-specific clinical signs. Chronicity and recurring febrile conditions, as well as devastating complications in pregnant women are common sequelae...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325507/research-collaboration-in-a-communication-rights-campaign-lessons-learned
#18
Charlotte Ryan
In building public support for social change, activists in communities of color routinely approach broader audiences via news media. Communities of color, however, routinely face disparities that limit their access to media including local news media outlets. This lack of access mirrors inequalities in political, social, and economic arenas and can slow public awareness campaigns to address disparities in health, environmental, and other quality-of-life issues. I describe two community-based collaborative action research studies that documented and challenged how local television newscasts underrepresented and misrepresented three communities of color in Boston...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325403/economic-inequality-in-presenting-vision-in-shahroud-iran-two-decomposition-methods
#19
Asieh Mansouri, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Hojjat Zeraati, Hasan Hashemi, Akbar Fotouhi
BACKGROUND: Visual acuity, like many other health-related problems, does not have an equal distribution in terms of socio-economic factors. We conducted this study to estimate and decompose economic inequality in presenting visual acuity using two methods and to compare their results in a population aged 40-64 years in Shahroud, Iran. METHODS: The data of 5188 participants in the first phase of the Shahroud Cohort Eye Study, performed in 2009, were used for this study...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325398/health-priorities-in-french-speaking-swiss-cantons
#20
Philippe Chastonay, Jean Simos, Nicolas Cantoreggi, Rudolf Zurkinden, Thomas Mattig
In Switzerland, the federal authorities, the cantons, and the communes share the responsibility of healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion policies. Yet, the cantons are in most health matters independent in their decisions, thus defining as a matter of fact their own health priorities. We examined and analysed the content of the disease prevention and health promotion plans elaborated during the last decade in six French-speaking cantons with different political contexts and resources, but quite similar population health data, in order to identify the set health priorities...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
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