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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781915/childhood-asthma-disparities-in-chicago-developing-approaches-to-health-inequities
#1
Molly A Martin, Melissa Gutierrez Kapheim, Kim Erwin, Stacy Ignoffo, Kate McMahon, Amy OʼRourke, Lynn B Gerald, Meredith Barrett, Valerie G Press, Houshang Darabi, Jerry A Krishnan
We conducted a needs assessment to develop an evidence-based, locally tailored asthma care implementation plan for high-risk children with asthma in Chicago. Our team of health policy experts, clinicians, researchers, and designers included extensive stakeholder engagement (N = 162) in a mixed-methods community needs assessment. Results showed the lines of communication and collaboration across sectors were weak; caregivers were the only consistent force and could not always manage this burden. A series of recommendations for interventions and how to implement and measure them were generated...
July 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781398/group-medical-visits-as-participatory-care-in-community-health-centers
#2
Ariana Thompson-Lastad
In this article, I examine group medical visits, a clinic-based intervention that aims to improve patient health by combining clinical care, health education and peer support. Research shows that health care inequalities are reproduced through the interplay of interpersonal, institutional, and structural factors. I examine changing social relations made possible by group visits, including peer support and an expanded role for patient knowledge. The qualitative data presented here are part of a mixed-methods study of how group medical visits and integrative medicine are combined and implemented for low-income people with chronic conditions...
June 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781331/hiv-prioritization-and-risk-perception-among-an-online-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-united-states
#3
Erin M Kahle, Akshay Sharma, Stephen P Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
Men who have sex with men (MSM) may prioritize interpersonal and structural factors, such as LGBTQ-related inequalities, housing instability, financial insecurity, and relationship seeking, over HIV prevention. The aim of this study was to assess how MSM prioritize HIV relative to other factors and the association between HIV prioritization, HIV testing and sexual risk behavior, and perceived risk. Data were collected from a national online survey of MSM in the United States assessing HIV knowledge and prioritization...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781216/measuring-inequalities-in-the-demographical-and-geographical-distribution-of-physicians-in-china-generalist-versus-specialist
#4
Jingxian Wu
OBJECTIVE: The equitable distribution of both generalist and specialist physicians is vital in establishing a fair and efficient health care system. The presents study aims at comparatively measuring the demographical and geographical distribution of generalist and specialist physicians in China from 2012 to 2016. METHODS: The data were obtained from China Health and Family Planning Statistics and China Statistical Yearbooks 2013 to 2017. Descriptive statistical methods were used to address the quantity and density of physicians, and Gini coefficient was adopted as inequality indicator to trace their distribution inequalities...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781042/inequities-in-genetic-testing-for-hereditary-breast-cancer-implications-for-public-health-practice
#5
REVIEW
Ambreen Sayani
The Ontario Breast Screening Program for women with a genetic predisposition to breast cancer is one of the first international models of a government-funded public health service that offers systematic genetic screening to women at a high risk of breast cancer. However, since the implementation of the program in 2011, enrolment rates have been lower than anticipated. Whilst there may be several reasons for this to happen, it does call into consideration the 'inverse equity law', whereby the more advantaged in society are the first to participate and benefit from universal health services...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780988/growth-dynamics-of-surface-nanodroplets-during-solvent-exchange-at-varying-flow-rates
#6
Brendan Dyett, Akihito Kiyama, Maaike Rump, Yoshiyuki Tagawa, Detlef Lohse, Xuehua Zhang
Solvent exchange is a simple solution-based process to produce surface nanodroplets over a large area. The final size of the droplets is determined by both the flow and solution conditions for a given substrate. In this work, we investigate the growth dynamics of surface nanodroplets during solvent exchange by using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRF). The results show that during the solvent exchange, the formation of surface nanodroplets advanced on the surface in the direction of the flow...
May 21, 2018: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780688/the-limits-to-equivalent-living-conditions-regional-disparities-in-premature-mortality-in-germany
#7
Thomas Plümper, Denise Laroze, Eric Neumayer
Aim: Despite the country's explicit political goal to establish equivalent living conditions across Germany, significant inequality continues to exist. We argue that premature mortality is an excellent proxy variable for testing the claim of equivalent living conditions since the root causes of premature death are socioeconomic. Subject and methods: We analyse variation in premature mortality across Germany's 402 districts and cities in 2014. Results: Premature mortality spatially clusters among geographically contiguous and proximate districts/cities and is higher in more urban places as well as in districts/cities located further north and in former East Germany...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780212/an-extended-reverse-hardy-hilbert-s-inequality-in-the-whole-plane
#8
Qiang Chen, Bicheng Yang
Using weight coefficients, a complex integral formula, and Hermite-Hadamard's inequality, we give an extended reverse Hardy-Hilbert's inequality in the whole plane with multiparameters and a best possible constant factor. Equivalent forms and a few particular cases are considered.
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779450/access-for-all-assessing-vertical-and-horizontal-inequities-in-healthcare-utilization-among-young-people-in-northern-sweden
#9
Cecilia M Wagenius, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in Sweden have detected socioeconomic inequities in access to healthcare services. However, there is limited information regarding access in younger populations. The aim of this study was to explore vertical and horizontal inequities in access to healthcare services in young adults in the north of Sweden. METHODS: The study used data from the Health on Equal Terms survey (age group 16-24 years, n = 2726) for the health and healthcare variables and from national registers for the sociodemographic characteristics...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779203/subjective-social-status-and-mortality-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#10
Panayotes Demakakos, Jane P Biddulph, Cesar de Oliveira, Georgios Tsakos, Michael G Marmot
Self-perceptions of own social position are potentially a key aspect of socioeconomic inequalities in health, but their association with mortality remains poorly understood. We examined whether subjective social status (SSS), a measure of the self-perceived element of social position, was associated with mortality and its role in the associations between objective socioeconomic position (SEP) measures and mortality. We used Cox regression to model the associations between SSS, objective SEP measures and mortality in a sample of 9972 people aged ≥ 50 years from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing over a 10-year follow-up (2002-2013)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778934/spatial-accessibility-of-primary-health-care-in-china-a-case-study-in-sichuan-province
#11
Xiuli Wang, Huazhen Yang, Zhanqi Duan, Jay Pan
Access to primary health care is considered a fundamental right and an important facilitator of overall population health. Township health centers (THCs) and Community health centers (CHCs) serve as central hubs of China's primary health care system and have been emphasized during recent health care reforms. Accessibility of these hubs is poorly understood and a better understanding of the current situation is essential for proper decision making. This study assesses spatial access to health care provided by primary health care institutions (THCs/CHCs) in Sichuan Province as a microcosm in China...
May 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777979/a-qualitative-study-of-disengagement-in-disadvantaged-areas-of-the-uk-you-come-through-your-door-and-you-lock-that-door
#12
M Romeo-Velilla, N Ellis, G Hurst, S Grogan, C Gidlow
Health inequalities are a major concern in the UK. Power imbalances are associated with health inequalities and should be challenged through health promotion and empowering strategies, enabling individuals who feel powerless to take control over their own life and act on the determinants of health (Green and Tones, 2010). This study aimed to explore resident expectations of a community engagement programme that intended to empower communities to take action on pre-identified priorities. The programme targeted communities in deprived areas of a mid-sized city in the UK...
May 16, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777956/how-do-gender-relations-affect-the-working-lives-of-close-to-community-health-service-providers-empirical-research-a-review-and-conceptual-framework
#13
Rosalind Steege, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Rosalind McCollum, Kate Hawkins, Hermen Ormel, Maryse Kok, Sabina Rashid, Lilian Otiso, Mohsin Sidat, Kingsley Chikaphupha, Daniel Gemechu Datiko, Rukhsana Ahmed, Rachel Tolhurst, Woedem Gomez, Sally Theobald
Close-to-community (CTC) providers have been identified as a key cadre to progress universal health coverage and address inequities in health service provision due to their embedded position within communities. CTC providers both work within, and are subject to, the gender norms at community level but may also have the potential to alter them. This paper synthesises current evidence on gender and CTC providers and the services they deliver. This study uses a two-stage exploratory approach drawing upon qualitative research from the six countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique) that were part of the REACHOUT consortium...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777100/uncovering-the-hidden-impacts-of-inequality-on-mental-health-a-global-study
#14
Shoukai Yu
Women are nearly twice as likely as men to suffer from mental illness. This gender disparity in depressive disorders may relate to social inequalities and living standards across nations. Currently, these disparities were not reflected at the level of health policies. This study utilized global data for depressive disorders and socioeconomic data from the United Nations' World Bank databases and Global Burden of Disease database to demonstrate the correlation between social inequality and gender disparities in mental health...
May 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776897/reach-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-reminder-strategy-and-facebook-group-intervention-for-weight-management-in-less-advantaged-adolescents-insights-from-the-pralimap-in%C3%A3-s-trial
#15
Laura Saez, Johanne Langlois, Karine Legrand, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Edith Lecomte, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon
BACKGROUND: Although information and communication technology interventions appear to be a promising means of reducing the health inequality gap in overweight and obesity prevention, research on information and communication technology interventions is lacking outside the Anglo-Saxon world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reach and acceptability of 2 information and communication technology interventions delivered as part of a French nutritional program: an SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) attendance-reminder for collective sessions strategy and a Facebook challenge group...
May 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776367/malaria-determining-risk-factors-at-the-household-level-in-two-rural-villages-of-mainland-equatorial-guinea
#16
Mónica Guerra, Bruno de Sousa, Nicolas Ndong-Mabale, Pedro Berzosa, Ana Paula Arez
BACKGROUND: After the introduction of an artemisinin-based combination therapy, the reduction of prevalence of malaria infections has shown a remarkable progress during the last decade. However due to the lack of a consistent malaria control programme and socioeconomic inequalities, Plasmodium infection is still one of the major cause of disease in Equatorial Guinea, namely in the rural communities. This study explored the associated risk factors of malaria transmission at the microeconomic level (households) in two rural villages of mainland Equatorial Guinea...
May 18, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775833/community-social-capital-and-inequality-in-depressive-symptoms-among-older-japanese-adults-a-multilevel-study
#17
Maho Haseda, Naoki Kondo, Daisuke Takagi, Katsunori Kondo
Although studies have suggested that community social capital contributes to narrow income-based inequality in depression, the impacts may depend on its components. Our multilevel cross-sectional analysis of data from 42,208 men and 45,448 women aged 65 years or older living in 565 school districts in Japan found that higher community-level civic participation (i.e., average levels of group participation in the community) was positively associated with the prevalence of depressive symptoms among the low-income groups, independent of individual levels of group participation...
May 15, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775367/observation-of-stronger-than-binary-correlations-with-entangled-photonic-qutrits
#18
Xiao-Min Hu, Bi-Heng Liu, Yu Guo, Guo-Yong Xiang, Yun-Feng Huang, Chuan-Feng Li, Guang-Can Guo, Matthias Kleinmann, Tamás Vértesi, Adán Cabello
We present the first experimental confirmation of the quantum-mechanical prediction of stronger-than-binary correlations. These are correlations that cannot be explained under the assumption that the occurrence of a particular outcome of an n≥3-outcome measurement is due to a two-step process in which, in the first step, some classical mechanism precludes n-2 of the outcomes and, in the second step, a binary measurement generates the outcome. Our experiment uses pairs of photonic qutrits distributed between two laboratories, where randomly chosen three-outcome measurements are performed...
May 4, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775358/sustained-state-independent-quantum-contextual-correlations-from-a-single-ion
#19
F M Leupold, M Malinowski, C Zhang, V Negnevitsky, A Cabello, J Alonso, J P Home
We use a single trapped-ion qutrit to demonstrate the quantum-state-independent violation of noncontextuality inequalities using a sequence of randomly chosen quantum nondemolition projective measurements. We concatenate 53×10^{6} sequential measurements of 13 observables, and unambiguously violate an optimal noncontextual bound. We use the same data set to characterize imperfections including signaling and repeatability of the measurements. The experimental sequence was generated in real time with a quantum random number generator integrated into our control system to select the subsequent observable with a latency below 50  μs, which can be used to constrain contextual hidden-variable models that might describe our results...
May 4, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774511/emerging-lingo-cultural-inequality-in-infant-autopsy-in-quebec-canada
#20
Nathalie Auger, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, André Costopoulos
We investigated trends in infant autopsy for Francophones and Anglophones in Quebec, Canada. Using death certificates, we extracted 8214 infant deaths between 1989 and 2013. We computed rates of non-autopsy by language, socioeconomic disadvantage, age at death, and period. Using Kitagawa's method, we decomposed non-autopsy rates over time for both language groups. Infant non-autopsy rates increased from 38.6 to 56.2 per 100 for Francophones, and from 41.2 to 57.2 per 100 for Anglophones, between 1989-1995 and 2008-2013...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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