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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921349/repeated-trauma-exposure-does-not-impair-distress-reduction-during-imaginal-exposure-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Alissa B Jerud, Frank J Farach, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Hillary Smith, Lori A Zoellner, Norah C Feeny
BACKGROUND: Based on experimental research on threat extinction, individuals exposed to repeated traumatic events may have impaired outcome in exposure therapy compared to those who have experienced a single trauma (Lang & McTeague, ). This study examined whether repeated trauma exposure predicts smaller changes in self-reported distress during imaginal exposure and worse outcomes for patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Adults (N = 116) with chronic PTSD received up to 10 sessions of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy...
December 6, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920878/utilization-of-bedside-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-massive-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#2
Osman Z Abbasi, Thanhnga T Doan, Sumit Duggal, Sanjeev U Nair, Shawn M Quinn
The prompt diagnosis and treatment of massive pulmonary embolism is a well-known challenge for physicians. We report a case of a 61-year-old hemodynamically unstable man who presented to the emergency department with complaints of acute dyspnea. After performing a focused history and physical, we used bedside ultrasound to diagnose significant right heart strain, which suggested massive bilateral pulmonary embolisms. This diagnosis was further supported by the visualization of deep venous thrombosis in the left lower extremity...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920421/a-missing-guide-wire-after-placement-of-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter
#3
Muhammad Kashif, Hafiz Hashmi, Preeti Jadhav, Misbahuddin Khaja
BACKGROUND Central venous catheterization is a common tool used in critically ill patients to monitor central venous pressure and administer fluids and medications such as vasopressors. Here we present a case of a missing guide wire after placement of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC), which was incidentally picked up by bedside ultrasound in the intensive care unit.  CASE REPORT A 50-year-old Hispanic male was admitted to the intensive care unit for alcohol intoxication. He was managed for septic shock and required placement of a peripherally inserted central line in his left upper extremity for antibiotics and vasopressor administration...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911464/two-successful-insertions-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-in-a-super-elderly-patient-with-bilateral-pacemaker-placement
#4
Wenyan Sun, Yufen Ma, Bing Liu, Ruibing Ge, Kai Wang, Qi Song
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) have been placed through the peripheral veins, and the best location for the tip of the PICCs is the lower third of the superior vena cava (SVC) and cavo-atrial junction. PICCs are commonly used in intravenous administration, parenteral nutrition therapy, chemotherapy, as well as in critical care units. The success rates in venipuncture are enhanced when ultrasonographic guides are used by the bedside PICC teams. There have been few reports of PICCs placed in super elderly patients with permanent cardiac pacemakers...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908550/estimated-height-from-knee-height-or-ulna-length-and-self-reported-height-are-no-substitute-for-actual-height-in-inpatients
#5
Flávia Moraes Silva, Luciane Figueira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision of estimated height from ulna length (UL) using the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) equation and compare it with predicted height from knee height (KH), and self-reported height in estimating actual body height in inpatients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out with patients admitted to an emergency service of a tertiary public hospital. Data were collected, at the patients' bedsides, from a specific questionnaire and anthropometric measurements...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906736/an-exploratory-descriptive-study-of-registered-nurse-innovation-implications-for-levels-of-adoption
#6
Debra Polster, Dana Villines
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to describe registered nurses' levels of personal innovativeness and registered nurses' perceived organizational innovativeness and determine the relationship between these 2 variables. BACKGROUND: There is limited research to describe the levels of innovation of nurses within a hospital. The levels of innovation can determine the likelihood of adoption of evidence-based practices at the bedside. As change agents, clinical nurse specialists can determine successful implementation strategies tailored to nurse levels of innovation...
January 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899338/high-touch-and-high-tech-ht2-proposal-transforming-patient-engagement-throughout-the-continuum-of-care-by-engaging-patients-with-portal-technology-at-the-bedside
#7
Ann Scheck McAlearney, Cynthia J Sieck, Jennifer L Hefner, Alison M Aldrich, Daniel M Walker, Milisa K Rizer, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce, Timothy R Huerta
BACKGROUND: For patients with complex care needs, engagement in disease management activities is critical. Chronic illnesses touch almost every person in the United States. The costs are real, personal, and pervasive. In response, patients often seek tools to help them manage their health. Patient portals, personal health records tethered to an electronic health record, show promise as tools that patients value and that can improve health. Although patient portals currently focus on the outpatient experience, the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center (OSUWMC) has deployed a portal designed specifically for the inpatient experience that is connected to the ambulatory patient portal available after discharge...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894289/the-patient-reporting-and-action-for-a-safe-environment-prase-intervention-a-feasibility-study
#8
Jane K O'Hara, Rebecca J Lawton, Gerry Armitage, Laura Sheard, Claire Marsh, Kim Cocks, Rosie R C McEachan, Caroline Reynolds, Ian Watt, John Wright
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in the role of patients in improving patient safety. One such role is providing feedback on the safety of their care. Here we describe the development and feasibility testing of an intervention that collects patient feedback on patient safety, brings together staff to consider this feedback and to plan improvement strategies. We address two research questions: i) to explore the feasibility of the process of systematically collecting feedback from patients about the safety of care as part of the PRASE intervention; and, ii) to explore the feasibility and acceptability of the PRASE intervention for staff, and to understand more about how staff use the patient feedback for service improvement...
November 28, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892449/otorrhagia-and-nosebleed-as-first-signs-of-intravascular-absorption-syndrome-during-hysteroscopy-from-bench-to-bedside
#9
V Giacobbe, D Rossetti, S G Vitale, A M C Rapisarda, F Padula, A S Laganà, V I Palmara
Hysteroscopic surgery is indicated for the treatment of several intrauterine diseases. The surgeon needs to be aware of, and know how to prevent, possible complications related to these procedures. In the case of operative hysteroscopy, the systemic effects of low-viscosity fluid uptake must be considered in order to prevent the complications in the patient. We report on two unusual clinical signs of intravascular absorption syndrome (IAS) that developed during an operative hysteroscopy with glycine 1.5% as the fluid of distension...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889326/-inventory-of-training-of-internal-medicine-in-france-results-of-a-national-survey
#10
M Samson, B Terrier, O Mangin, L Mouthon
OBJECTIVE: To make an inventory of training of Internal Medicine in France. METHOD: This study was conducted between May and September 2015 with coordinators (interviews of 45minutes) of local Internal Medicine training and fellows (online questionnaire). RESULTS: All coordinators (n=28) responded to the interviews. Local training of Internal Medicine exists in 86% of regions (3.1±3.1hours/month) and an interregional training in all interregions (34...
November 23, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883874/structured-interdisciplinary-bedside-rounds-do-not-reduce-length-of-hospital-stay-and-28-day-re-admission-rate-among-older-people-hospitalised-with-acute-illness-an-australian-study
#11
Elizabeth Huynh, David Basic, Rinaldo Gonzales, Chris Shanley
Objective Structured interdisciplinary bedside rounds (SIBR) are being implemented across many hospitals in Australia despite limited evidence of their effectiveness. This study evaluated the effect of SIBR on two interconnected outcomes, namely length of stay (LOS) and 28-day re-admission.Methods In the present before-after study of 3644 patients, twice-weekly SIBR were implemented on two aged care wards. Although weekly case conferences were shortened during SIBR, all other practices remained unchanged. Demographic, medical and frailty measures were considered in appropriate analyses...
November 25, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875660/successful-use-of-targeted-temperature-management-after-repair-of-myocardial-rupture-from-blunt-chest-trauma-a-case-report
#12
Wook-Jin Choi, Yun Seok Kim, Jung Seok Hong, Jeong Won Kim
Targeted temperature management (TTM) improves survival and neurological outcome after nontraumatic cardiac arrest. However, TTM is not used widely after traumatic cardiac arrest because of concerns that it might exacerbate bleeding. We report the use of postarrest TTM after repair of blunt myocardial rupture. A 48-year-old man was admitted after being rescued from a major traffic accident by the local emergency service. Focused sonography showed pericardial fluid without cardiac tamponade. Computed tomography showed a large hematoma in the anterior mediastinum associated with hemopericardium...
November 22, 2016: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875451/developing-a-framework-to-help-bedside-nurses-bring-about-change
#13
Jordan S Porter, Kelley A Strout
: Nurses across all care settings and experience levels are being called upon to lead. In a 2011 report, The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, the Institute of Medicine examined the ways nurses could more fully apply their knowledge of direct patient care to address the increasing demands placed on the health care system since the passage of the Affordable Care Act. The report asked: "What roles can nursing assume to address the increasing demand for safe, high-quality, and effective health care services?"Multiple variables influence a nurse's ability to assume a leadership role, and multiple barriers to these roles continue to exist...
December 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874980/nurses-shift-reports-a-systematic-literature-search-and-critical-review-of-qualitative-field-studies
#14
REVIEW
Niels Buus, Bente Hoeck, Bridget Elizabeth Hamilton
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to identify reporting practices that feature in studies of nurses' shift reports across diverse nursing specialities. The objectives were to perform an exhaustive systematic literature search and to critically review the quality and findings of qualitative field studies of nurses' shift reports. BACKGROUND: Nurses' shift reports are routine occurrences in healthcare organisations that are viewed as crucial for patient outcomes, patient safety and continuity of care...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872505/harmonisation-of-osmolal-gap-can-we-use-a-common-formula
#15
REVIEW
Kay Weng Choy, Nilika Wijeratne, Zhong X Lu, James Cg Doery
Osmolal gap is the difference between the measured osmolality and a calculated osmolality based on the major commonly measured osmotically active particles. The perceived gap indicates the presence of unmeasured osmotically active particles. The major use of osmolal gap today is to screen for the possible presence of exogenous toxic substances in patients in an emergency department or intensive care unit. There is a long history of osmolal gap calculations and it needs to be appreciated that the uncertainty of the osmolal gap will be determined by the sum of errors in the calculated osmolality, error in measured osmolality and variability in unmeasured analytes...
August 2016: Clinical Biochemist. Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872407/fatigue-work-schedules-and-perceived-performance-in-bedside-care-nurses
#16
Knar Sagherian, Michael E Clinton, Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Jeanne Geiger-Brown
Hospital nurses are expected to maintain optimal work performance; yet, fatigue can threaten safe practice and result in unfavorable patient outcomes. This descriptive cross-sectional study explored the association between fatigue, work schedules, and perceived work performance among nurses. The study sample included 77 bedside nurses who were mostly female, single, and between 20 and 29 years of age. The majority worked 8-hour shifts and overtime. Nurses who worked during off days reported significantly higher chronic fatigue compared with those nurses who took time off...
November 21, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864609/myocardial-infarction-as-a-complication-of-bronchial-artery-embolization
#17
Hugo Labbé, Simon Bordeleau, Christine Drouin, Patrick Archambault
Bronchial artery embolization is now a common treatment for massive pulmonary hemoptysis if flexible bronchoscopy at the bedside failed to control the bleeding. Complications of this technique range from benign chest pain to devastating neurological impairments. We report the case of a 41-year-old man who developed an ST elevation myocardial infarction during bronchial artery embolization, presumably because of coronary embolism by injected particles. In this patient who had no previously known coronary artery disease, we retrospectively found a communication between the left bronchial artery and the circumflex coronary artery...
November 18, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860254/physician-performed-chest-ultrasound-progress-and-future-directions
#18
E J Denton, L M Hannan, M Hew
BACKGROUND: Pleural ultrasound guidance reduces complications of pleural procedures, and lung ultrasound can diagnose the cause of acute respiratory failure. Yet as recently as five years ago, many respiratory physicians lacked sufficient access, training and expertise to perform chest ultrasound. AIMS: This study examines whether progress has been achieved in chest ultrasound amongst respiratory physicians in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: We conducted a web-based chest ultrasound survey of adult respiratory physicians across Australia and New Zealand...
November 16, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858974/report-and-research-agenda-of-the-american-geriatrics-society-and-national-institute-on-aging-bedside-to-bench-conference-on-sleep-circadian-rhythms-and-aging-new-avenues-for-improving-brain-health-physical-health-and-functioning
#19
Constance H Fung, Michael V Vitiello, Cathy A Alessi, George A Kuchel
The American Geriatrics Society, with support from the National Institute on Aging and other funders, held its eighth Bedside-to-Bench research conference, entitled "Sleep, Circadian Rhythms, and Aging: New Avenues for Improving Brain Health, Physical Health and Functioning," October 4 to 6, 2015, in Bethesda, Maryland. Part of a conference series addressing three common geriatric syndromes-delirium, sleep and circadian rhythm (SCR) disturbance, and voiding dysfunction-the series highlighted relationships and pertinent clinical and pathophysiological commonalities between these three geriatric syndromes...
November 14, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857946/can-bedside-ultrasound-inferior-vena-cava-measurements-accurately-diagnose-congestive-heart-failure-in-the-emergency-department-a-clin-iq
#20
Miranda Gaskamp, Mark Blubaugh, Laine H McCarthy, Dewey C Scheid
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis of CHF in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with undifferentiated dyspnea would allow clinicians to begin appropriate treatment more promptly. Current guidelines recommend B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels for more accurate diagnosis of CHF in dyspneic patients. Although BNP levels are relatively inexpensive, the test is not usually performed at bedside and results may take up to an hour or more...
October 2016: Journal of Patient-centered Research and Reviews
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