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L Ye, J Guo, L P Jing, G X Peng, K Zhou, Y Li, Y Li, J P Li, H H Fan, L Song, F K Zhang, L Zhang
Objective: To explore the life span of red blood cells (RBC) in patients with severe/very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA). Methods: Clinical data of 128 SAA/VSAA patients from November 2016 to April 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and 13 healthy volunteers in the same period was used as normal control. The endogenous Breath Carbon Monoxide (CO) test was used to detect the life span of RBC in SAA/VSAA patients, and the effect of immunosuppressive therapy (IST) on the life span of RBC in these patients was explored...
February 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
X Y Zhao, J X Li, X F Tang, Y Xian, J J Xu, Y Song, L Jiang, L J Xu, J Chen, Y Zhang, L Song, L J Gao, Z Gao, J Zhang, Y Wu, S B Qiao, Y J Yang, R L Gao, B Xu, J Q Yuan
Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of GRACE discharge score on the long-term out-of-hospital coronary thrombotic events (CTE) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents. Methods: Present study was a prospective, observational, single center study. 10 724 consecutive patients underwent PCI in Fuwai Hospital between January and December 2013 were included, stents were implanted with conventional method. After PCI, patients were prescribed aspirin 100 mg once daily indefinitely, and either clopidogrel 75 mg once daily or ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily for at least 1 year...
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Eliza de Almeida Gripp, Gabriela Escudini de Oliveira, Luiz Augusto Feijó, Marcelo Iorio Garcia, Sergio Salles Xavier, Andréa Silvestre de Sousa
BACKGROUND: The high cardiotoxicity morbidity and mortality rates associated with the antineoplastic therapy for breast cancer could be reduced with the early use of cardioprotective drugs. However, the low sensitivity of left ventricular ejection fraction limits its use in that preventive strategy. New parameters, such as global longitudinal strain, are being used in the early detection of contractile function changes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of cardiotoxicity in patients treated for breast cancer, the independent factors associated with that event, and the ability of strain to identify it early...
February 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Daniel Ianni Filho, Ilka de Fatima Santana Ferreira Boin, Ademar Yamanaka
BACKGROUND: Fibrosis are common structural hepatic change in patients with chronic hepatitis. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for determining the extent of liver fibrosis. Considering the technical difficulties and cost, improvements in non-invasive screening tools are greatly needed. Bioimpedance have been shown to be safe to evaluate tissue fibrosis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of using monofrequential bipolar bioimpedance for the detection of severity of liver fibrosis consistent with chronic viral hepatitis C infections...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Katarzyna Bednarska, Magdalena Klink, Zofia Sułowska, Ewa Król, Ewa Głowacka, Hanna Romanowicz, Marek Nowak, Krzysztof Szyłło
Smouldering inflammation, thrombocytosis, and platelet hyper-reactivity are linked to malignancy. The relationships between preoperative diagnostic blood morphology parameters and cancer have been the focus of much interest, because some of these parameters are correlated with advanced cancer stages and poor patient survival rates. This study aimed to perform an observational, retrospective analysis of the intradiversity of blood platelet parameters in patients with different International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages and different histological types of epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOC), and also an analysis of the overall survival rate...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sridevi Gutta, Nadja Grobe, Meenasri Kumbaji, Hassan Osman, Mohammad Saklayen, Gengxin Li, Khalid M Elased
ACE2 and NEP are metalloproteases which are highly expressed in the renal proximal tubules. ACE2 and NEP generate renoprotective angiotensin (1-7) from angiotensin II (Ang II) and Ang I, respectively, and therefore could have a major role in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent data demonstrated increased urinary ACE2 in diabetic patients with CKD and kidney transplants. We tested the hypothesis that urinary ACE2, NEP and ADAM17 are increased and could be risk predictors of CKD in diabetic patients. Urinary and plasma ACE2, NEP, and ADAM17 were investigated in twenty healthy nondiabetics (ND), and forty diabetic patients with normoalbuminuria (Dnormo), microalbuminuria (Dmicro) and macroalbuminuria (Dmacro) using ELISA, Western blot, fluorogenic and novel mass spectrometric-based enzyme assays...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Adrien Lebasnier, Damien Legallois, Boris Bienvenu, Emmanuel Bergot, Cédric Desmonts, Gérard Zalcman, Denis Agostini, Alain Manrique
OBJECTIVE: The identification of cardiac sarcoidosis is challenging as there is no gold standard consensually admitted for its diagnosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of the assessment of cardiac dynamic18 F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) and net influx constant (Ki) in patients suspected of cardiac sarcoidosis. METHODS: Data obtained from 30 biopsy-proven sarcoidosis patients suspected of cardiac sarcoidosis who underwent a 50-min list-mode cardiac dynamic18 F-FDG PET/CT after a 24 h high-fat and low-carbohydrate diet were analyzed...
March 20, 2018: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
Zhe Xue, Guan-Yang Song, Xin Liu, Hui Zhang, Guan Wu, Yi Qian, Hua Feng
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to quantify the patellar J sign using traditional computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: Fifty-three patients (fifty-three knees) who suffered from recurrent patellar instability were included and analyzed. The patellar J sign was evaluated pre-operatively during active knee flexion and extension. It was defined as positive when there was obvious lateral patellar translation, and negative when there was not. The CT scans were performed in all patients with full knee extension; and the parameters including bisect offset index (BOI), patellar-trochlear-groove (PTG) distance, and patellar lateral tilt angle (PLTA) were measured on the axial slices...
March 20, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Caitlin Weaver, Alexander Baker, Matthew Davis, Anna Miller, Joel D Stitzel
Pelvic fractures are serious injuries resulting in high mortality and morbidity. The objective of this study is to develop and validate local pelvic anatomical, cross-section-based injury risk metrics for a finite element (FE) model of the human body. Cross-sectional instrumentation was implemented in the pelvic region of the Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC M50-O) 50th percentile detailed male FE model (v4.3). In total, 25 lateral impact FE simulations were performed using input data from cadaveric lateral impact tests performed by Bouquet et al...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Chung Ho Lee, Hanboram Choi, Joon Shik Yoon, Seok Kang
Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of cross-sectional area (CSA) and wrist to forearm ratio (WFR) in patients with electro-diagnosed carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) with or without diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: We retrospectively studied 256 CTS wrists and 77 healthy wrists in a single center between January 1, 2008 and January 1, 2013. The CSA and WFR were calculated for each wrist. Patients were classified into four groups according to the presence of DM and CTS: group 1, non-DM and non-CTS patients; group 2, non-DM and CTS patients; group 3, DM and non-CTS patients; and group 4, DM and CTS patients...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Ahmad Piroozmand, Babak Soltani, Mohsen Razavizadeh, Amir Hasan Matini, Gholam Abbas Moosavi, Mohammad Salehi, Siamak Soltani
Background and aim: Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM-1) is a receptor on phagocytes that is triggered by infectious agents. The soluble form of it (sTREM-1) can be elevated in gastric juice by Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection of gastric mucosa. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic values of sTREM-1 and C-reactive protein (CRP) for detection of H. pylori infection in gastric mucosa. Methods: In this diagnostic accuracy study on cases who underwent endoscopy from March 2015 to July 2016 in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan, Iran, gastric juice sTREM-1 and CRP concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and their diagnostic values were compared to detect H...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Massoud Saghafi, Mandana Khodashahi, Nayyereh Saadati, Azita Azarian, Zahra Rezaieyazdi, Maryam Salehi, Maryam Sahebari
Background: Serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) is a non-collagen glycoprotein produced by the cartilage, synovium, tendon, and meniscus. Recent studies showed that COMP is a reliable factor for monitoring cartilage damage. Objective: To determine the relationship between serum COMP concentration and the severity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: This cross-sectional study lasted from 2013 to 2015 at the Rheumatology Clinic of Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
Zhu Kun-Peng, Ma Xiao-Long, Zhang Chun-Lin
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) represent a widespread class of non-coding RNAs generated from back-splicing, with a circular loop structure. Many circRNAs have been reported to play essential roles in cancer development and have the potential to serve as a novel class of biomarkers for clinical diagnosis. However, the role of circRNA in osteosarcoma (OS) remains largely unknown. In the current study, we examined the expression level of circular RNA PVT1 (circPVT1), previously screened and identified the oncogenic role in gastric cancer, in OS and found that circPVT1 was significantly up-regulated in the OS tissues, serums and chemoresistant cell lines, correlated with poor prognosis of OS patients...
2018: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Dong Kyu Oh, Seunghee Baek, Sei Won Lee, Jae Seung Lee, Sang-Do Lee, Yeon-Mok Oh
Background and objective: Despite the ongoing intense debate on the definition of airflow limitation by spirometry in the elderly population, there have only been few studies comparing the fixed ratio and the Z -score of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 )/forced vital capacity (FVC) in terms of long-term mortalities. In this study, we aimed to identify the proper method for accurately defining the airflow limitation in terms of long-term mortality prediction in the elderly population...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Steven J Pascoe, Wei Wu, Kathryn A Collison, Linda M Nelsen, Keele E Wurst, Laurie A Lee
Background: There is no consensus on how to define patients with symptoms of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A diagnosis of asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) syndrome has been proposed, but its value is debated. This study (GSK Study 201703 [NCT02302417]) investigated the ability of statistical modeling approaches to define distinct disease groups in patients with obstructive lung disease (OLD) using medical history and spirometric data. Methods: Patients aged ≥18 years with diagnoses of asthma and/or COPD were categorized into three groups: 1) asthma (nonobstructive; reversible), 2) ACO (obstructive; reversible), and 3) COPD (obstructive; nonreversible)...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Ping Luo, Chunzi Liang, Xianwei Zhang, Xuefang Liu, Yingchao Wang, Mengmeng Wu, Xiaobo Feng, Jiangcheng Tu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third major cause of cancer related death. Abundant researches show that lncRNAs play critical roles in the initiation and progression of HCC and may serve as diagnostic markers for HCC. In the present study, 6 lncRNAs were chosen as candidate genes on the basis of previous literature to evaluate their diagnostic value on HCC by qRT-PCR. Experiment was first carried out in 22 pairs of tissues from HCC and then those differently expressed in tissues were further tested in plasma from 20 HCC patients and 20 control cases...
March 20, 2018: Bioscience Reports
Hong Wei, Yuhao Xu, Wenlin Xu, Qianwen Zhou, Qi Chen, Meiling Yang, Fan Feng, Yueqin Liu, Xiaolan Zhu, Ming Yu, Yuefeng Li
The aims of this study were to examine the levels of serum and exosomal miR-137, miR-155 and miR-223, three neuroinflammation-related miRNAs, in dementia patients and to explore the value of these miRNAs for the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of dementia. Thirty-two patients with dementia were enrolled, and sixteen volunteers without dementia served as controls. Serum exosomes were isolated by precipitation with ExoQuick and characterized by western blotting, nanoparticle-tracking analysis and immunofluorescence microscopy...
March 17, 2018: Neuroscience
Ross W Paterson, Catherine F Slattery, Teresa Poole, Jennifer M Nicholas, Nadia K Magdalinou, Jamie Toombs, Miles D Chapman, Michael P Lunn, Amanda J Heslegrave, Martha S Foiani, Philip S J Weston, Ashvini Keshavan, Jonathan D Rohrer, Martin N Rossor, Jason D Warren, Catherine J Mummery, Kaj Blennow, Nick C Fox, Henrik Zetterberg, Jonathan M Schott
BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are increasingly being used to support a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Their clinical utility for differentiating AD from non-AD neurodegenerative dementias, such as dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) or frontotemporal dementia (FTD), is less well established. We aimed to determine the diagnostic utility of an extended panel of CSF biomarkers to differentiate AD from a range of other neurodegenerative dementias. METHODS: We used immunoassays to measure conventional CSF markers of amyloid and tau pathology (amyloid beta (Aβ)1-42, total tau (T-tau), and phosphorylated tau (P-tau)) as well as amyloid processing (AβX-38, AβX-40, AβX-42, soluble amyloid precursor protein (sAPP)α, and sAPPβ), large fibre axonal degeneration (neurofilament light chain (NFL)), and neuroinflammation (YKL-40) in 245 patients with a variety of dementias and 30 controls...
March 20, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
David Dreizin, Uttam Bodanapally, Alexis Boscak, Nikki Tirada, Ghada Issa, Jason W Nascone, Louis Bivona, Daniel Mascarenhas, Robert V O'Toole, Erika Nixon, Rong Chen, Eliot Siegel
Purpose To develop and test a computed tomography (CT)-based predictive model for major arterial injury after blunt pelvic ring disruptions that incorporates semiautomated pelvic hematoma volume quantification. Materials and Methods A multivariable logistic regression model was developed in patients with blunt pelvic ring disruptions who underwent arterial phase abdominopelvic CT before angiography from 2008 to 2013. Arterial injury at angiography requiring transarterial embolization (TAE) served as the outcome...
March 20, 2018: Radiology
Xue Deng, Lai-Heung Phoebe Chau, Suk-Yee Chiu, Kwok-Pui Leung, Sheung-Wai Li, Wing-Yuk Ip
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) accompanied by secondary axonal degeneration cannot be clearly discriminated using the current cross-validated ultrasound severity classification system. This study aimed at exploring cut-off values of ultrasound parameters, including wrist cross-sectional area (W-CSA), wrist perimeter (W-P), ratio of cross-sectional area (R-CSA) and perimeter (R-P), changes of CSA and P from wrist to one third distal forearm (ΔCSA&ΔP) for differentiation. Seventy-three patients (13 male and 60 female) were assigned into group A (demyelination only, n = 40) and group B (demyelination with secondary axonal degeneration, n = 33) based on the outcomes of nerve conduction studies (NCS)...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
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