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Hemolytic anemia coombs negative

Aliou Thiongane, Aliou Abdoulaye Ndongo, Idrissa Demba Ba, Djibril Boiro, Papa Moctar Faye, Younoussa Keita, Aïssatou Ba, Djeynaba Fafa Cissé, Idrissa Basse, Lamine Thiam, Indou Déme Ly, Babacar Niang, Abou Ba, Amadou Lamine Fall, Saliou Diouf, Ousmane Ndiaye, Mamadou Ba, Mamadou Sarr
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a common cause of organic acute renal failure (ARF) in children. It is a progressive complication of acute gastroenteritis (AGE), especially caused by Escherichia coli in children. This study aimed to describe the clinical, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of this affection in four children. We collected four cases of HUS. The average age was 10,5 months (5-15mois), exclusively boys. Clinical examination revealed a hemolytic anemia (pallor and jaundice), oligoanuria and edematous syndrome (2 cases), arterial hypertension (1 patient), AGE associated with severe dehydration and hypovolemic shock (2 patients), consciousness disorders...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Can Huzmeli, Ferhan Candan, Ayse Seker, Esin Yildiz, Hatice Terzi, Mansur Kayatas
BACKGROUND: Hemolytic uremic syndrome is characterized by acute renal failure, thrombocytopenia, and Coombs-negative hemolytic anemia. In C3 mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis, an increase in mesangial cell proliferation without thickening in the glomerular capillary wall can be seen under light microscopy, but the definitive diagnosis is made with the immunohistologic demonstration of isolated C3 deposits in the mesangium. C3 glomerulonephritis may be detected in childhood; however, in this case report we describe the first case of isolated C3 glomerulonephritis together with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome in an adult patient...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Sandeep Batra, Stephen C Martin, Mehdi Nassiri, Amna Qureshi, Troy A Markel
Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) rarely involves extranodal sites, such as the spleen. We report a unique pediatric case of massive splenomegaly and refractory Coombs negative hemolytic anemia (CNHA) secondary to HS. The CNHA resolved completely after an emergent splenectomy. Next generation sequencing (NGS) revealed novel ASXL1, PTPN11, KIT, and TP53 mutations, unmasking a clonal heterogeneity within the same neoplasm.
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Ankur Jain, Pankaj Malhotra, Gaurav Prakash, Subhash Varma, Narender Kumar, Asim Das
Clinicians in hematology practice commonly encounter anemia, hypercalcemia and renal failure, which when present in combination evoke a diagnostic workup for multiple myeloma. We report a 71-years old lady who presented to our hematology clinic with fever and easy fatiguability of 3 months duration and on investigations was found to have anemia and hypercalcemia. Direct Coomb's test characterized the anemia as complement mediated (anti-C3d) hemolysis. Biochemical investigations revealed normal 25(OH) Vitamin D3 and suppressed Parathormone levels and a negative workup for plasma cell dyscrasias, sarcoidosis and autoimmune disorders...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Najib Dally, Marat Kashlikov, Raymond Farah
Metastatic adenocarcinoma presenting as microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) is a rare finding. We report the case of a young patient who presented with MAHA as the initial symptom of metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma. Cancer-related microangiopathic hemolytic anemia is a paraneoplastic syndrome characterized by Coombs-negative hemolytic anemia with schistocytes and thrombocytopenia. A high index of suspicion and prompt diagnosis can prevent ulterior deterioration, especially when chemotherapy is the optimal treatment in these cases, which can stop the hemolysis...
April 2016: Harefuah
Palittiya Sintusek, Voranush Chongsrisawat, Yong Poovorawan
OBJECTIVE: Wilson's disease (WD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by copper accumulation. Clinical presentations are extraordinarily diverse, and currently no single diagnostic test can confirm WD with high accuracy. A complete understanding of the presentations and improved diagnostic methods are important for disease management. The authors' aimed to examine disease characteristics, management, and treatment outcome of WD in children, especially when genetic analysis and liver copper measurements were limited...
February 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
A B Vilaseca, C L Capmany, F Sabsay
INTRODUCTION: Thromboembolic disease (TED) is frequent, and, thromboembolic events are the second cause of death in active cancer patients Today we have knowledge of a lot of risk and predictor factors of thrombosis in cancer, although some mechanisms underlying this increased thromboembolic risk, still remains unclear. AIM: Knowing that cancer is today curable, we want to remark that not only old people but also young should be investigated about their personal burden of thromboembolic disease to improve prognosis, and at the same time remark the need to establish different therapeutic strategies in each stage of the disease to prevent or treat TED...
April 2016: Thrombosis Research
Masamitsu Hashiba, Atsutoshi Tomino, Nobuyoshi Takenaka, Tomonori Hattori, Hideki Kano, Masanobu Tsuda, Naoshi Takeyama
BACKGROUND: Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) can cause various infections, including gas gangrene, crepitant cellulitis, and fasciitis. While C. perfringens sepsis is uncommon, it is often rapidly fatal because the alpha toxin of this bacterium induces massive intravascular hemolysis by disrupting red blood cell membranes. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a male patient with diabetes who developed a fatal liver abscess with massive intravascular hemolysis and septic shock caused by toxigenic C...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Mayumi Yoshimi, Yutaka Kadowaki, Yuji Kikuchi, Tsuyoshi Takahashi
A 76-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of anemia. The laboratory findings revealed hemolysis. Although a direct Coombs test was negative, a high titer of RBC-bound IgG was detected, and a diagnosis of Coombs-negative autoimmune hemolytic anemia was made. She was successfully treated with prednisolone. One year and five months later, she again presented anemia and was diagnosed with pure red cell aplasia. Anti-erythropoietin receptor antibody was detected in the serum. She was treated with cyclosporine and obtained prompt recovery...
2016: Internal Medicine
Feryal A Ibrahim, Vignesh Shanmugam, Aliaa Amer, Halima El-Omri, Ahmad Al-Sabbagh, Ruba Y Taha, Dina S Soliman
Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL) is a rare and aggressive extranodal T-cell lymphoma that comprises <5% of peripheral T-cell lymphomas. The majority of cases harbor the γδ T-cell receptor (TCR), but recently, a few cases have been shown to express the αβ TCR. Comparison of these two subtypes (αβ and γδ) shows similar clinicopathologic and cytogenetic features; however, due to the paucity of reported cases, it is not clear whether they are prognostically distinct entities. We report a case of αβ HSTCL with a rather unusual presentation of Coombs'-negative hemolytic anemia...
2015: Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology
A R Hurtarte-Sandoval, M D Navarro-Cabello, M A Álvarez-Rivas, A I Robles-López, M D Salmerón-Rodríguez, M L Agüera-Morales, A Rodríguez-Benot, P Aljama-García
BACKGROUND: Passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS) is a disease in which the donor's lymphocytes produce antibodies to the red blood cell antigens of the recipient, causing alloimmune hemolysis. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 39-year-old woman with stage V chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis secondary to poorly controlled diabetes mellitus type 1. She received a simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant from a cadaver donor. The donor was A- and the recipient was A+ without initial complications with normal renal and pancreatic function, and her hemoglobin (Hb) level was 10...
November 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Jia-peng Sun, Xin-tian Lu, Wei-hong Zhao, Ying Hua
We described 1 case of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS), first diagnosed in our hospital, and reviewed the recent literature. The 11-month old male patient presented with a history of splenomegaly and hepatomegaly since 1 month after birth. He suffered recurrent infectious diseases including cytomegalovirus infection, parvovirus B19 infection and chronic diarrhea disease. Besides, his symptoms included hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. The laboratory abnormality indicated an expanded population of alpha/beta double-negative T cells (DNTs) (27...
December 18, 2015: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Shuji Isotani, Akira Horiuchi, Masayuki Koja, Takahiro Noguchi, Shouichiro Sugiura, Hirofumi Shimoyama, Yasuhiro Noma, Kousuke Kitamura, Toshiyuki China, Shino Tokiwa, Keisuke Saito, Masaki Kimura, Shin-ichi Hisasue, Hisamitsu Ide, Satoru Muto, Raizo Yamaguchi, Shigeo Horie
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is hemolytic anemia characterized by autoantibodies directed against red blood cells. AIHA can be induced by hematological neoplasms such as malignant lymphoma, but is rarely observed in the urological field. We report a case of renal urothelial cancer inducing Coombs-positive warm AIHA and severe thrombocytopenia that was responsive to nephroureterectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 52-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of general weakness and dizziness...
2015: BMC Urology
G Gönenç, H Işçi, A B Yiğiter, V Hançer, M Büyükdoğan, N Güdücü, I Dünder
OBJECTIVE: Anti-D immunoglobulin is applied to all pregnant women having RhD incompatibility to prevent hemolytic disease of the newborn. The aim of this study is to determine fetal RhD status in the Rh incompatible pregnancies with an non-invasive technique; free fetal DNA isolation from maternal circulation. In the case of Rh incompatibility especially with a history of previous fetal anemia, it can be beneficial to know Rh status antenatally in terms of monitoring fetuses with Rh positive [RhD(+)] status consciously...
2015: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Robert D Christensen, Hassan M Yaish, Patrick G Gallagher
Newborn infants who have hereditary spherocytosis (HS) can develop anemia and hyperbilirubinemia. Bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction is less likely in these neonates if the diagnosis of HS is recognized and appropriate treatment provided. Among neonates listed in the USA Kernicterus Registry, HS was the third most common underlying hemolytic condition after glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and ABO hemolytic disease. HS is the leading cause of direct antiglobulin test (direct Coombs) negative hemolytic anemia requiring erythrocyte transfusion in the first months of life...
June 2015: Pediatrics
Hiroshi Okamura, Takahiko Nakane, Keizo Fujino, Shiro Koh, Takuro Yoshimura, Mitsutaka Nishimoto, Yoshiki Hayashi, Hideo Koh, Yoshitaka Nakao, Hirohisa Nakamae, Masayuki Hino
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is known to often be complicated by a range of autoimmune diseases. We herein present a case with MDS complicated by cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia (cold AIHA). The patient was a 51-year-old woman. She was diagnosed with MDS (refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia) in May 2009. In January 2010, she underwent unrelated allogeneic bone marrow transplantation but was re-admitted in October 2010 for treatment of relapsed MDS. Despite daily transfusions of red blood cells, her anemia failed to improve...
April 2015: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
F García-Pajares, F Santos-Santamarta, E Fernández-Fontecha, R Sánchez-Ocaña, R Amo-Alonso, A Loza-Vargas, B Madrigal, B Pérez-Saborido, C Almohalla, G Sánchez-Antolín
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common viral pathogen that negatively affects the outcome of liver transplantation. CMV causes febrile illness often accompanied by bone marrow suppression, and in some cases it invades tissues, including the transplanted allograft. In addition, CMV has been significantly associated with an increased predisposition to allograft rejection, accelerated hepatitis C recurrence, and other opportunistic infections, as well as reduced overall patient and allograft survivals. We carried out a study on a Spanish adult liver transplant recipient who rapidly presented anemia and was diagnosed as having Coomb negative (nonimmune) hemolytic anemia, gastric ulcer, pneumonitis, and cholangitis associated with a CMV infection...
January 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Bong Soo Park, Sihyung Park, Kyubok Jin, Yeon Mee Kim, Kang Min Park, Jeong-Nyeo Lee, Toyomi Kamesaki, Yang Wook Kim
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a common, important extraintestinal complication of Crohn's disease. The main types of anemia in patients with Crohn's disease are iron deficiency anemia and anemia of chronic disease. Although patients with Crohn's disease may experience various type of anemia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) in patients with Crohn's disease, especially Coombs-negative AIHA, is very rare. CASE REPORT: A 41-year-old woman with Crohn's disease presented to our emergency room (ER) with dark urine, dizziness, and shortness of breath...
2014: American Journal of Case Reports
Loic Raffray, Marie-Catherine Receveur, Mathilde Beguet, Pierre Lauroua, Thierry Pistone, Denis Malvy
BACKGROUND: Parenteral artesunate is recommended as first-line therapy for severe and complicated malaria. Although its efficacy has been proven, long-term safety profile is still under evaluation. Several cases of delayed haemolytic anaemia occurred after initial clinical improvement and resolution of parasitaemia in non-immune travellers and children living in endemic areas. Reports have generated concern that this phenomenon might be related to the treatment itself, either by direct toxicity or immune-related mechanism...
2014: Malaria Journal
Talal Hilal, R Scott Morehead
New-onset jaundice can be a manifestation of multiple pathologic processes including hemolysis, parenchymal liver disease, and cholestasis; the differential diagnosis is broad and requires a systematic approach. We report a case of a patient who presented with jaundice after starting minocycline for the treatment of acne vulgaris and rapidly developed fulminant liver failure found to be due to Wilson's disease. She also manifested severe Coomb's negative hemolytic anemia and renal failure secondary to hepatorenal syndrome...
2014: Case Reports in Medicine
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