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oocyte factors

Hyemin Yoon, Hoon Jang, Eun-Young Kim, Sohyeon Moon, Sangho Lee, Minha Cho, Hye Jung Cho, Jung Jae Ko, Eun Mi Chang, Kyung-Ah Lee, Youngsok Choi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent type 2 regulatory subunit beta (Prkar2b) is a regulatory isoform of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), which is the primary target for cAMP actions. In oocytes, PKA and the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) have important roles during the germinal vesicle (GV) stage arrest of development. Although the roles of the PKA signal pathway have been studied in the development of oocyte, there has been no report on the function of PRKAR2B, a key regulator of PKA...
March 2, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Joanna Nowosad, Mateusz Sikora, Dariusz Kucharczyk
Embryonic development of lower vertebrates can be influenced by many factors, especially when outside of the mother's body and under the influence of variable abiotic and biotic factors. In this study, the effects of fertilization of post-ovulatory aged (overmature) oocytes of ide Leuciscus idus on the risk of developing anomalies in ide larvae were assessed under controlled conditions. There was a negative effect of delayed fertilization of post-ovulatory aged (overmature) oocytes in the ovary on the quality of offspring, which caused reduced survival 3 days post-fertilization and at the hatching stage (68...
March 5, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Julieta L Rojo, Martina Linari, Kelly A Young, Marina C Peluffo
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that the chemokine SDF1/CXCR4 system was present in feline cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) and that COCs cultured with SDF1 would directly upregulate gene expression in the ovulatory cascade. METHODS: Ovaries (n = 50) were obtained from adult domestic cats during the breeding season and COCs were recovered from antral follicles. Because IVM media triggers cumulus-oocyte expansion, culture conditions needed to be optimized to study periovulatory genes...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Seda Karabulut, İlknur Keskin, Pelin Kutlu, Nuri Delikara, Özhan Atvar, Metin I Öztürk
Objective: Semen parameters are directly correlated with the infertility of the male. Incidence rates of male factor infertility, azoospermia and cryptozoospermia differ according to many factors such as geographic region, age, occupation and body weight. The aim of the present study is to determine the incidence of male factor infertility, azoospermia and cryptozoospermia among patients who have been admitted to three separate infertility clinics in Turkey for infertility investigation and analyze the outcomes of these patients...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Lorraine Sheena Kasaven, Anastasia Goumenou, Kenneth Adegoke
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a well-recognised iatrogenic complication following controlled ovarian stimulation (COS). Mild to moderate cases are mostly managed conservatively. Severe cases of OHSS can be potentially fatal. For this reason, UK clinics providing licensed fertility treatment are obliged to follow Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority guidelines for reporting severe incidents. We present an unusually severe complication of OHSS resulting in significant morbidity. A nulligravida woman aged 25, with a 4-year history of subfertility and multiple risk factors for the development of OHSS, underwent COS...
March 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
E H Ernst, S Franks, K Hardy, P Villesen, K Lykke-Hartmann
STUDY QUESTION: Can novel genetic candidates involved in follicle dormancy, activation and integrity be identified from transcriptomic profiles of isolated granulosa cells from human primordial and primary follicles? SUMMARY ANSWER: The granulosa cell compartment of the human primordial and primary follicle was extensively enriched in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) signalling, and several other putative signalling pathways that may also be mediators of follicle growth and development were identified...
February 28, 2018: Human Reproduction
Satoshi Sugimura, Tadayuki Yamanouchi, Maria Grazia Palmerini, Yutaka Hashiyada, Kei Imai, Robert B Gilchrist
The administration of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) prior to oocyte retrieval improves oocyte developmental competence. During bovine embryo production in vitro, however, oocytes are typically derived from FSH-unprimed animals. In the current study, we examined the effect of pre-in vitro maturation (IVM) with cAMP modulators, also known as the second messengers of FSH, on the developmental competence of oocytes derived from small antral follicles (2-4 mm) of FSH-unprimed animals. Pre-IVM with N6,2'-O-dibutyryladenosine 3',5'-cyclicmonophosphate (dbcAMP) and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) for 2 h improved the blastocyst formation in oocytes stimulated by FSH or amphiregulin (AREG)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Reproduction and Development
Michael J Bertoldo, Kirsty A Walters, William L Ledger, Robert B Gilchrist, Pascal Mermillod, Yann Locatelli
Ovarian tissue is increasingly being collected from cancer patients and cryopreserved for fertility preservation. While the only available option to restore fertility is autologous transplantation, this treatment is not appropriate for all patients due to the risk of reintroducing cancer cells and causing disease recurrence. Harnessing the full reproductive potential of this tissue to restore fertility requires the development of culture systems that support oocyte development from the primordial follicle stage...
February 13, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
C Choux, M Cavalieri, J Barberet, M Samson, B Bonnotte, P Fauque, P Sagot
Fertility preservation is routinely performed in cancerology but less systematically used in the field of immune diseases, even though the use of gonadotoxic treatments in young patients may be required and even though the disease itself can alter fertility. This review aimed to clarify the indications and methods of fertility preservation in this context. Cyclophosphamide is the only immunosuppressive drug requiring fertility preservation in women. In men, fertility preservation should be proposed before treatment with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil or mTOR inhibitors...
February 27, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
Pedro-Antonio Regidor, Adolf Eduard Schindler, Bernd Lesoine, Rene Druckman
Introduction The use of 2 × 2000 mg myo-inositol +2 × 200 μg folic acid per day is a safe and promising tool in the effective improvement of symptoms and infertility for patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). In addition, PCOS is one of the pathological factors involved in the failure of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Typically, PCOS patients suffer of poor quality oocytes. Patients and methods In an open, prospective, non-blinded, non-comparative observational study, 3602 infertile women used myo-inositol and folic acid between 2 and 3 months in a dosage of 2 × 2000 mg myo-inositol +2 × 200 μg folic acid per day...
March 2, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
K Roels, K Smits, C Ververs, J Govaere, K D'Herde, A Van Soom
In horse breeding, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has gained interest to obtain offspring from subfertile individuals. This paper presents a case report of a stallion with severe testicular degeneration. Semen analysis showed very low motility and 83.5% of detached heads. Histology of a testicular biopsy showed severely decreased spermatogenesis, while transmission electron microscopy of the sperm cells revealed no significant abnormalities. A total of 39 oocytes were fertilized by ICSI with frozen-thawed spermatozoa of this stallion: 25 oocytes with intact spermatozoa and 24 with detached heads...
March 1, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
M G Da Broi, V S I Giorgi, F Wang, D L Keefe, D Albertini, P A Navarro
An equilibrium needs to be established by the cellular and acellular components of the ovarian follicle if developmental competence is to be acquired by the oocyte. Both cumulus cells (CCs) and follicular fluid (FF) are critical determinants for oocyte quality. Understanding how CCs and FF influence oocyte quality in the presence of deleterious systemic or pelvic conditions may impact clinical decisions in the course of managing infertility. Given that the functional integrities of FF and CCs are susceptible to concurrent pathological conditions, it is important to understand how pathophysiological factors influence natural fertility and the outcomes of pregnancy arising from the use of assisted reproduction technologies (ARTs)...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Diana Bauermeister, Tomas Pieler
Whole-mount in situ hybridization (WMISH) is a common approach that is used to visualize spatial and temporal gene expression in embryos. In this process, digoxygenin-labeled antisense RNA is hybridized to the complementary transcript of interest and RNA hybrids are immunohistochemically detected using an alkaline phosphatase-conjugated antibody against digoxigenin. During Xenopus laevis oogenesis, certain RNAs localize to the animal or vegetal pole laying the foundation for germ cell development and germ layer formation of the future embryo...
March 1, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
Runhong Lei, Xue Bai, Yanan Chang, Juan Li, Yanxia Qin, Kui Chen, Weihong Gu, Shibo Xia, Jiaxin Zhang, Zhenbo Wang, Gengmei Xing
The excellent biocompatibility and biological effects of fullerenol and its derivatives make their biomedical application promising. The potential effects of fullerenol in mammals have been extensively studied, but little is known about its effects on female reproduction. Using canonical oocyte-granulosa cell complexes (OGCs) in vitro maturation culture model, we investigated the effect of fullerenol on the first oocyte meiotic resumption. In the surrounding granulosa cells, fullerenol nanoparticles occluded the extracellular domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to reduce EGFR-ligand binding and subsequent extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) activation, which involved the regulation of connexin 43 (CX43) expression and internalization...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jaroslav Kalous, Anna Tetkova, Michal Kubelka, Andrej Susor
Although the involvement of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) pathway in the regulation of cytostatic factor (CSF) activity; as well as in microtubules organization during meiotic maturation of oocytes; has already been described in detail; rather less attention has been paid to the role of ERK1/2 in the regulation of mRNA translation. However; important data on the role of ERK1/2 in translation during oocyte meiosis have been documented. This review focuses on recent findings regarding the regulation of translation and the role of ERK1/2 in this process in the meiotic cycle of mammalian oocytes...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Zohreh Zare, Beheshteh Abouhamzeh, Reza Masteri Farahani, Mohammad Salehi, Moslem Mohammadi
Background: Oocyte developmental competence is one of the key factors for determining the success rate of assisted reproductive technique. Objective: The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of L-carnitine (LC) supplementation during in vitro maturation (IVM), on preimplantation embryo development and expression of genes involved in embryo competence derived from oocytes selected with brilliant cresyl blue (BCB) test. Materials and Methods: Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were obtained from NMRI mice ovaries...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Masanori Tachikawa, Reiji Yokoyama, Shin-Ichi Akanuma, Ken-Ichi Hosoya
Regulating γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake transport on the plasma membranes is required for its efficient clearance from the brain interstitial fluid. The purpose of this study was to clarify the assembly of taurine transporter (TauT/Slc6a6) and PSD-95/Disc-large/Zo-1 (PDZ) domain of Na+ -H+ exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) as a regulatory mechanism of TauT-mediated GABA transport activity. In vitro glutathione S-transferase (GST)-pull down assay and immunoblotting with anti-NHERF1 antibody revealed that NHERF1 protein was present in rat brain lysates as the binding protein of the GST-fusion TauT C-terminal protein with the PDZ-binding ETMM motif but not its corresponding deletion mutant lacking the motif...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Pengfei Li, Jinzhu Meng, Jiongjie Jing, Qingling Hao, Zhiwei Zhu, Jianbo Yao, Lihua Lyu
BACKGROUND: Cocaine-and amphetamine regulated transcript (CART) is an endogenous neuropeptide, which is widespread in animals, plays a key role in regulation of follicular atresia in cattle and sheep. Among animal ovaries, CART mRNA was firstly found in the cattle ovaries. CART was localized in the antral follicles oocytes, granulosa and cumulus cells by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Further research found that secretion of E2 was inhibited in granulosa cells with a certain dose of CART, the effect depends on the stage of cell differentiation, suggesting that CART could play a crucial role in regulating follicle atresia...
February 26, 2018: Biological Research
Nicole M Templeman, Shijing Luo, Rachel Kaletsky, Cheng Shi, Jasmine Ashraf, William Keyes, Coleen T Murphy
A decline in female reproduction is one of the earliest hallmarks of aging in many animals, including invertebrates and mammals [1-4]. The insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling (IIS) pathway has a conserved role in regulating longevity [5] and also controls reproductive aging [2, 6]. Although IIS transcriptional targets that regulate somatic aging have been characterized [7, 8], it was not known whether the same mechanisms influence reproductive aging. We previously showed that Caenorhabditis elegans daf-2 IIS receptor mutants extend reproductive span by maintaining oocyte quality with age [6], but IIS targets in oocytes had not been identified...
February 22, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Dong-Hui Wang, Hong-Xia Zhou, Shu-Jun Liu, Cheng-Jie Zhou, Xiang-Wei Kong, Zhe Han, Cheng-Guang Liang
Paracrine factors such as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), which was originally derived from the supernatants of a rat glioma cell line, play pivotal roles in oocyte maturation and early embryo development in mammals, such as mice, rats, pigs, sheep, and even humans. However, whether GDNF facilitates in vitro oocyte maturation or early embryo development in bovines is not yet known. We show for the first time that GDNF and its receptor, GDNF family receptor alpha-1 (GFRA1), are presented in ovarian follicles at different stages as well as during oocyte maturation and early embryo development...
February 19, 2018: Theriogenology
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