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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334210/combined-effect-of-retinoic-acid-and-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-on-maturation-of-mouse-oocyte-and-subsequent-fertilization-and-development
#1
Morteza Abouzaripour, Fardin Fathi, Erfan Daneshi, Keywan Mortezaee, Mohammad Jafar Rezaie, Mahdad Abdi
Background: In this experimental study, germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes obtained from two-months-old NMRI mice were randomly divided into control, sham and three experimental groups. The basic culture medium was α-MEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), 50 mg/l streptomycin, 60 mg/l penicillin and 10 ng/ ml epidermal growth factors. Each of the experimental groups received one of the following treatments: RA (2 μM), bFGF (20 ng/ml) or combination of RA and bFGF with the indicated concentrations...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334036/short-term-storage-of-the-oocytes-affects-the-ploidy-status-in-the-yellowtail-tetra-astyanax-altiparanae
#2
Matheus Pereira Dos Santos, Nivaldo Ferreira do Nascimento, George Shigueki Yasui, Nycolas Levy Pereira, Takafumi Fujimoto, José Augusto Senhorini, Laura Satiko Okada Nakaghi
In fish, many factors can affect reproduction during in vitro fertilization, therefore determination of the factors that affect affecting gamete quality is needed. However, few studies have focused on gamete quality and the ploidy status. This study was conducted to elucidate whether oocyte storage can affect ploidy status, survival, and embryo viability in the characid species Astyanax altiparanae. Oocytes were stored in Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) at 26°C, then aliquots were fertilized immediately after extrusion (control) and also after 60, 120, 180, and 240 min of storage...
January 15, 2018: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331483/gata4-is-a-transcriptional-regulator-of-r-spondin1-in-japanese-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#3
Xiumei Liu, Zan Li, Bo Wang, He Zhu, Yuezhong Liu, Jie Qi, Quanqi Zhang
GATA4 is a well-known transcription factor of the GATA family implicated in regulation of sex determination and gonadal development in mammals. In this study, we cloned the full-length cDNA of Paralichthys olivaceus gata4 (Po-gata4). Phylogenetic, gene structure, and synteny analysis showed that Po-GATA4 is homologous to GATA4 of teleost and tetrapod. Po-gata4 transcripts were detected in Sertoli cells, spermatogonia, oogonia and oocytes, with higher transcript levels overall in the testis than the ovary. The promoter region of P...
January 10, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331044/journey-of-oocyte-from-metaphase-i-to-metaphase-ii-stage-in-mammals
#4
Alka Sharma, Meenakshi Tiwari, Anumegha Gupta, Ashutosh N Pandey, Pramod K Yadav, Shail K Chaube
In mammals, journey from metaphase-I (M-I) to metaphase-II (M-II) is important since oocyte extrude first polar body (PB-I) and gets converted into haploid gamete. The molecular and cellular changes associated with meiotic cell cycle progression from M-I to M-II stage and extrusion of PB-I remain ill understood. Several factors drive oocyte meiosis from M-I to M-II stage. The mitogen-activated protein kinase3/1 (MAPK3/1), signal molecules and Rho family GTPases act through various pathways to drive cell cycle progression from M-I to M-II stage...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329412/lhx8-ablation-leads-to-massive-autophagy-of-mouse-oocytes-associated-with-dna-damage
#5
Emanuele Pelosi, Laura D'Ignazio, Marc Michel, Melissa Beyer, Kassimier Thompson, Antonino Forabosco, David Schlessinger
Following proliferation of oogonia in mammals, great numbers of germ cells are discarded, primarily by apoptosis, while the remainder form primordial follicles (the ovarian reserve) that determine fertility and reproductive lifespan. More massive, rapid, and essentially total loss of oocytes, however, occurs when the transcription factor Lhx8 is ablated-though the cause and mechanism of germ cell loss from the Lhx8-/- ovaries has been unknown. We found that Lhx8-/- ovaries maintain the same number of germ cells throughout embryonic development; rapid decrease in the pool of oocytes starts shortly before birth...
January 10, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329390/human-oocyte-calcium-analysis-predicts-the-response-to-assisted-oocyte-activation-in-patients-experiencing-fertilization-failure-after-icsi
#6
M Ferrer-Buitrago, L Dhaenens, Y Lu, D Bonte, F Vanden Meerschaut, P De Sutter, L Leybaert, B Heindryckx
STUDY QUESTION: Can human oocyte calcium analysis predict fertilization success after assisted oocyte activation (AOA) in patients experiencing fertilization failure after ICSI? SUMMARY ANSWER: ICSI-AOA restores the fertilization rate only in patients displaying abnormal Ca2+ oscillations during human oocyte activation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Patients capable of activating mouse oocytes and who showed abnormal Ca2+ profiles after mouse oocyte Ca2+ analysis (M-OCA), have variable responses to ICSI-AOA...
January 10, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329290/morc2b-is-essential-for-meiotic-progression-and-fertility
#7
Baolu Shi, Jiangyang Xue, Jian Zhou, Seth D Kasowitz, Yuanwei Zhang, Guanxiang Liang, Yongjuan Guan, Qinghua Shi, Mingxi Liu, Jiahao Sha, Xiaoyan Huang, P Jeremy Wang
The microrchidia (MORC) family proteins are chromatin-remodelling factors and function in diverse biological processes such as DNA damage response and transposon silencing. Here, we report that mouse Morc2b encodes a functional germ cell-specific member of the MORC protein family. Morc2b arose specifically in the rodent lineage through retrotransposition of Morc2a during evolution. Inactivation of Morc2b leads to meiotic arrest and sterility in both sexes. Morc2b-deficient spermatocytes and oocytes exhibit failures in chromosomal synapsis, blockades in meiotic recombination, and increased apoptosis...
January 12, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325037/mediator-complex-component-med13-regulates-zygotic-genome-activation-and-is-required-for-postimplantation-development-in-the-mouse
#8
Yi-Liang Miao, Andrés Gambini, Yingpei Zhang, Elizabeth Padilla-Banks, Wendy N Jefferson, Miranda L Bernhardt, Weichun Huang, Leping Li, Carmen J Williams
Understanding factors that regulate zygotic genome activation (ZGA) is critical for determining how cells are reprogrammed to become totipotent or pluripotent. There is limited information regarding how this process occurs physiologically in early mammalian embryos. Here we identify a mediator complex subunit, MED13, as translated during mouse oocyte maturation and transcribed early from the zygotic genome. Knockdown and conditional knockout approaches demonstrate that MED13 is essential for ZGA in the mouse, in part by regulating expression of the embryo-specific chromatin remodeling complex, esBAF...
January 9, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324379/associating-ambient-exposure-to-fine-particles-and-human-fertility-rates-in-china
#9
Tao Xue, Qiang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects of ambient fine particles (PM2.5) on sperm quality and oocyte fertilization have been identified by previous research. However, insufficient human studies tested associations between PM2.5 and decreased fertility rates. METHODS: We associated long-term exposure to PM2.5 and county-level fertility rates reported by 2010 census across China. Exposure assessments were based on PM2.5 maps (2009-2010) with a spatial resolution of 0.1° derived from satellite remote sensing data from another published study...
January 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308626/evaluating-the-effect-of-melatonin-on-has2-and-pgr-expression-as-well-as-cumulus-expansion-and-fertility-potential-in-mice
#10
Maryam Ezzati, Leila Roshangar, Jafar Soleimani Rad, Nahid Karimian
OBJECTIVES: Infertility is a worldwide health problem which affects approximately 15% of sexually active couples. One of the factors influencing the fertility is melatonin. Also, protection of oocytes and embryos from oxidative stress inducing chemicals in the culture medium is important. The aim of the present study was to investigate if melatonin could regulate hyaluronan synthase-2 (HAS2) and Progesterone receptor (PGR) expressions in the cumulus cells of mice oocytes and provide an in vitro fertilization (IVF) approach...
April 2018: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308622/epigenetic-aberration-of-fmr1-gene-in-infertile-women-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve
#11
Hossein Eslami, Ali Eslami, Raha Favaedi, Ummolbanin Asadpour, Shabnam Zari Moradi, Poopak Eftekhari-Yazdi, Tahereh Madani, Maryam Shahhoseini, Anahita Mohseni Meybodi
OBJECTIVES: The diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) is a condition characterized by a reduction in the number and/or quality of oocytes. This primary infertility disorder is usually accompanied with an increase in the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels and regular menses. Although there are many factors contributing to the DOR situation, it is likely that many of idiopathic cases have genetic/epigenetic bases. The association between the FMR1 premutation (50-200 CGG repeats) and the premature ovarian failure (POF) suggests that epigenetic disorders of FMR1 can act as a risk factor for the DOR as well...
April 2018: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305844/progesterone-rise-on-hcg-day-is-negatively-correlated-with-ivf-et-outcomes-in-natural-cycles
#12
Xiadi Wu, Yundong Mao, Yan Gao, Xiaoqiao Qian, Wei Wang, Wei Ding, Shi-Wen Jiang, Jiayin Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of progesterone rise on hCG day on the laboratory and clinical outcomes in natural cycles and to explore the possible factors related to the occurrence of progesterone elevation. PATIENTS AND STUDY METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed in 1157 infertile women with decreased ovarian reserve. Eligible infertile women undergoing IVF in natural cycles were assigned to four groups according to serum progesterone levels on the day of hCG administration: group 1, P<2nmol/L; group 2, 2<P<2...
January 3, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304224/in-vitro-differentiation-of-human-oocyte-like-cells-from-oogonial-stem-cells-single-cell-isolation-and-molecular-characterization
#13
Erica Silvestris, Paola Cafforio, Stella D'Oronzo, Claudia Felici, Franco Silvestris, Giuseppe Loverro
STUDY QUESTION: Are the large cells derived from cultured DEAD box polypeptide 4 (DDX4)-positive oogonial stem cells (OSCs), isolated from the ovarian cortex of non-menopausal and menopausal women, oocyte-like cells? SUMMARY ANSWER: Under appropriate culture conditions, DDX4-positive OSCs from non-menopausal and menopausal women differentiate into large haploid oocyte-like cells expressing the major oocyte markers growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF-9) and synaptonemal complex protein 3 (SYCP3) and then enter meiosis...
January 3, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300975/new-application-of-dydrogesterone-as-a-part-of-a-progestin-primed-ovarian-stimulation-protocol-for-ivf-a-randomized-controlled-trial-including-516-first-ivf-icsi-cycles
#14
Sha Yu, Hui Long, Hannah Ya-Ning Chang, Yali Liu, Hongyuan Gao, Jing Zhu, Xinxin Quan, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang, Ai Ai
STUDY QUESTION: Can dydrogesterone (DYG) be used as an alternative progestin in a progesterone primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) protocol? SUMMARY ANSWER: DYG can be used as an appropriate alternative progestin in a PPOS protocol. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PPOS is a new ovarian stimulation regimen based on a freeze-all strategy that uses progestin as an alternative to a GnRH analog for suppressing a premature LH surge during the follicular phase...
December 29, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289990/prevalence-clinical-characteristics-and-reproductive-outcomes-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-older-women-referred-for-tertiary-fertility-care
#15
Samer Tannus, Justin Tan, Weon-Young Son, Michael-Haim Dahan
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in reproductive age women. The clinical symptoms of PCOS vary with female age, as older women tend to have lower hyperandrogenic symptoms and many regain regular cycles. In this study, we aimed to estimate the prevalence of PCOS among older women referred for fertility care, describe their clinical characteristics, and compare their reproductive outcomes to those of matched control group. METHODS: A retrospective study conducted at a single reproductive center...
December 30, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287790/activity-of-mpf-and-expression-of-its-related-genes-in-mouse-mi-oocytes-exposed-to-cadmium
#16
Jin Liu, Xiaoli Lu, Wenxiang Wang, Jianlin Zhu, Yuchen Li, Lingfeng Luo, Wenchang Zhangb
Research has revealed that cadmium can disrupt ovarian function; however, few reports have focused on MI oocytes meiotic progression, especially the activity of maturation promoting factor (MPF) and its related genes (Cdk1, Ccnb1, and Cdc25b) expression. In this study, GV oocytes cultured in vitro for 0, 6, and 9 hours with five groups (control and doses of 0.05, 0.5, 2.5, and 5 μM Cd). At the same dose of cadmium but different exposure time: compared with 0h, Periodic changes in MPF activity were changed and continuously increased over time...
December 26, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286463/in-vitro-growth-of-mouse-preantral-follicles-under-simulated-microgravity
#17
Shen Zhang, Yonggen Wu, Yimin Weng, Zhihui Xu, Wenmin Chen, Dahan Zheng, Wei Lin, Jun Liu, Ying Zhou
14 day-old mouse ovarian tissue and preantral follicles isolated from same-aged mice were incubated in a simulated microgravity culture system. We quantitatively assessed follicle survival, measured follicle and oocyte diameters, and examined ultrastructure of the oocytes produced from the system. We observed decreased follicle survival, downregulation of expressions of proliferating cell nuclear antigen and growth differentiation factor 9, as indicators for the development of granulosa cells and oocytes, respectively, and oocyte ultrastructural abnormalities under the simulated microgravity condition...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286418/using-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-fish-to-monitor-the-state-of-arm-cohesion-in-prometaphase-and-metaphase-i-drosophila-oocytes
#18
Adrienne T Perkins, Sharon E Bickel
In humans, chromosome segregation errors in oocytes are responsible for the majority of miscarriages and birth defects. Moreover, as women age, their risk of conceiving an aneuploid fetus increases dramatically and this phenomenon is known as the maternal age effect. One requirement for accurate chromosome segregation during the meiotic divisions is maintenance of sister chromatid cohesion during the extended prophase period that oocytes experience. Cytological evidence in both humans and model organisms suggests that meiotic cohesion deteriorates during the aging process...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281695/maternal-metabolism-affects-endometrial-expression-of-oxidative-stress-and-foxl2-genes-in-cattle
#19
Audrey Lesage-Padilla, Niamh Forde, Mélanie Poirée, Gareth D Healey, Corinne Giraud-Delville, Pierrette Reinaud, Caroline Eozenou, Anaïs Vitorino Carvalho, Laurent Galio, Mariam Raliou, Jean-François Oudin, Christophe Richard, I Martin Sheldon, Gilles Charpigny, Pat Lonergan, Olivier Sandra
Intensive selection for milk production has led to reduced reproductive efficiency in high-producing dairy cattle. The impact of intensive milk production on oocyte quality as well as early embryo development has been established but few analyses have addressed this question at the initiation of implantation, a critical milestone ensuring a successful pregnancy and normal post-natal development. Our study aimed to determine if contrasted maternal metabolism affects the previously described sensory properties of the endometrium to the conceptus in cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278721/the-pax-protein-eyegone-eyg-interacts-with-the-pi-rna-component-aubergine-aub-and-controls-egg-chamber-development-in-drosophila
#20
David Blom-Dahl, Natalia Azpiazu
The eyegone (eyg) gene encodes Eyg, a transcription factor of the Pax family with multiple roles during Drosophila development. Eyg has been shown to be nuclear in the cells where it functions. In this report we describe a new functional cytoplasmic distribution of Eyg during egg chamber development in the female ovarioles. The protein is present from the germarium until stage 10 of cyst development. The majority of egg chambers that develop in the absence of Eyg arrest their development before stage 10, show augmented levels of the telomeric retro-transposon TART-A and low levels of heterochromatin marks in the oocyte nucleus...
December 23, 2017: Developmental Biology
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