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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797517/gynecologic-anatomic-abnormalities-following-anorectal-malformations-repair
#1
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Carlos A Reck, Kate A McCracken, Victoria A Lane, Alessandra C Gasior, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt, Geri D Hewitt
BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients may present with gynecologic concerns after previous posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) for repair of an anorectal malformation (ARM). Common findings include an inadequate or shortened perineal body, as well as introital stenosis, retained vaginal septum, and remnant rectovestibular fistula. An inadequate or shortened perineal body may impact fecal continence, sexual function and recommendations regarding obstetrical mode of delivery. We describe our experience with female patients referred to our center for evaluation of their previously repaired ARM, with a specific focus on perineal body anatomy and concomitant gynecologic abnormalities...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748420/risk-factors-for-early-postoperative-small-bowel-obstruction-after-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#2
Katsuhito Suwa, Takuro Ushigome, Masamichi Ohtsu, Satoshi Narihiro, Shunjin Ryu, Yuya Shimoyama, Tomoyoshi Okamoto, Katsuhiko Yanaga
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate risk factors for small bowel obstruction (SBO) in early postoperative period after anterior resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: Patients who underwent anterior resection (AR) [high AR (HAR) or low AR (LAR)] for rectal cancer between January 2009 and April 2016 were enrolled into the study after fulfilling selection criteria. In included patients, risk factors for early postoperative SBO (EPSBO) were analyzed by means of univariate and multivariate analysis...
July 26, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747059/rectal-inflammatory-stenosis-secondary-to-chlamydia-trachomatis-a-case-report
#3
Luis Eduardo Pérez Sánchez, Moisés Hernández Barroso, Guillermo Hernández Hernández
The rectal inflammatory originated strictures constitute a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. We present a 30-year-old male patient with a history of HIV and protctitis caused by Chalmydia trachomatis and HSV-2, in which develops a low intestinal obstruction refractory to medical treatment. Surgery was performed with good clinical evolution. The medical treatment constitutes the fundamental basis of the therapy in these patients. Despite that, when fibrotic stenoses are not treatable medical or endoscopically, they often require surgical treatment...
July 27, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725960/topic-infliximab-injection-for-refractory-rectal-stenosis-in-crohn-s-disease-long-term-follow-up-in-two-patients
#4
Niels Teich, Ingo Wallstabe, Ingolf Schiefke
PURPOSE: TNF blockers are approved for intravenous or subcutaneous systemic therapy of many chronic inflammatory diseases. As it is not possible to achieve a sufficient local clinical improvement through systemic therapy in every patient, diverse approaches of topical therapy using TNF blockers have been investigated in recent years. METHODS: In this paper, we report on long-term clinical results of originator infliximab (IFX) injections into symptomatic combined scarring and inflammatory stenoses of the rectum in two patients with Crohn's disease...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722084/-postoperative-complications-after-rectal-cancer-surgery-and-management
#5
Jin Gu, Qingkun Gao
Although neoadjuvant treatment such as radiotherapy, even chemoradiotherapy has already widely used in middle-low rectal cancer, surgery remains the mainstay of therapy for patients with rectal cancer. Because neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy combined with surgery was adopted for the locally advanced rectal cancer as a standard treatment based on guidelines, postoperative complications of rectal cancer surgery caused surgeons attention and concern gradually. Some severe complications should seriously affect patient's quality of life, even patient's survival...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698413/-aortic-stenosis-combined-with-cold-agglutinin-disease
#6
Zaiqiang Yu, Masahito Minakawa, Takashi Aoki, Norihiro Kondo, Kazuyuki Daitoku, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Ikuo Fukuda
Cardiac surgery on a patient with cold agglutinin disease is high risk for thromboembolism due to hypothermia perioperative. A 75-year-old woman with cold agglutinin disease underwent aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis. Cold antibody was detected by preoperative screening test for blood transfusion. In order to prevent thromboembolic event during the operation, we maintained rectal temperature at around 36 degrees centigrade during the cardiopulmonary bypass by warming blood in the bypass circuit...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682002/laparoscopic-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer-after-whitehead-s-hemorrhoidectomy-a-case-report
#7
Yoshihiro Takemoto, Eijiro Harada, Yuriko Takeuchi, Daichi Kawamura, Yuuki Suehiro, Naruji Kugimiya, Kimikazu Hamano
A 65-year-old man presented with bloody stool. Colonoscopy revealed a raised tumor in the rectum, above the peritoneal reflection. He underwent endoscopic mucosal resection, but the pathological findings suggested the possibility of residual cancer. We performed laparoscopic low anterior resection using a circular stapling instrument for additional curative surgery. However, we could not insert the shaft of the endoscopic circular stapler from the anus because of anal stenosis due to Whitehead's hemorrhoidectomy the patient had undergone 20 years earlier...
July 6, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655079/-pathological-insights-of-radiotherapy-related-damage-to-surgical-margin-after-preoperative-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Q H Zhong, P H Wu, Q Y Qin, Y Y Kuang, T H Ma, H M Wang, Y X Zhu, D C Chen, J P Wang, L Wang
Objective: To investigate the effect of irradiation to anastomosis from preoperative radiotherapy for patients with rectal cancer by studying the pathological changes. Methods: In this retrospective study, patients enrolled in the FOWARC study from January 2011 to July 2014 in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University were included. In the FOWARC study, enrolled patients with local advanced rectal cancer were randomly assigned to receive either neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Among these patients, 23 patients were selected as radiation proctitis (RP)group, who fulfilled these conditions: (1) received neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy followed by sphincter-preserving surgery; (2) developed radiation proctitis as confirmed by preoperative imaging diagnosis; (3) had intact clinical samples of surgical margins...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647042/transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-for-the-treatment-of-uncommon-rectal-lesions
#9
Manuel Ferrer-Márquez, Francisco Rubio-Gil, Sofía Ortega-Ruiz, Isabel Blesa-Sierra, Antonio Álvarez-García, Jaime Jorge-Cerrudo, Elisabet Vidaña-Márquez, Ricardo Belda-Lozano, Ángel Reina-Duarte
INTRODUCTION: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) was developed as a less aggressive alternative treatment for rectal lesions (mainly adenomas and adenocarcinomas). However, its use for other rectal lesions has become more frequent, trying to reduce the morbidity associated with more invasive techniques. The aim of this study is to describe our experience in the use of TEM in other rectal lesions. METHODS: Retrospective and descriptive study including patients operated with TEM (from June 2008 to December 2016) for the treatment of rectal lesions different from adenomas or adenocarcinomas...
June 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645886/uterovaginal-anastomosis-for-cases-of-cryptomenorrhea-due-to-cervical-atresia-with-vaginal-aplasia-benefits-and-risks
#10
M Zayed, R Fouad, K A Elsetohy, A T Hashem, A A AbdAllah, A I Fathi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess short-term benefits and risks of utero-vaginal anastomosis done for cases of cryptomenorrhea due to cervical atresia with vaginal aplasia. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Surgical procedures were done between December 2013 and September 2015 at the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cairo University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Five patients who had cryptomenorrhea due to cervical atresia associated with vaginal aplasia were included...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614172/the-relationship-between-the-number-of-intersections-of-staple-lines-and-anastomotic-leakage-after-the-use-of-a-double-stapling-technique-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery
#11
SeungHun Lee, ByungKwon Ahn, SeungHyun Lee
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic intracorporeal colorectal anastomosis with double stapling technique is difficult because of unsuitable cutting angle in narrow pelvic cavity. For reasons of tilted and long linear staple line of rectal stump, circular anastomotic plane can make multiple intersections. The present study was designed to assess whether multiple intersections after double stapling technique is the risk factor of anastomotic complication in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 128 consecutive left colon and rectal cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic rectal resection with double stapling technique were enrolled in this study...
August 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601898/varied-facets-of-rectal-atresia-and-rectal-stenosis
#12
Shilpa Sharma, Devendra K Gupta
Rectal atresia (RA) and rectal stenosis (RS) are rare anomalies with varied treatment options. A thorough literature review was done on reported cases/series of RA and RS. Based on evidence from cases managed over last 15 years, new insights into embryology were hypothesized. A comprehensive review was compiled with updated knowledge on diagnosis and management. RA is classified into five types I: II: III: IV: V as RS: RA with septal defect: RA with a fibrous cord between two atretic ends: RA with a gap: Multiple RA and/or RS...
August 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584904/posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-in-vestibular-fistula-with-or-without-colostomy
#13
Suleyman Cuneyt Karakus, Idil Rana User, Vedat Akcaer, Haluk Ceylan, Bulent Hayri Ozokutan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the results and complications of one- and three-stage repairs in females with vestibular fistula (VF) and make contribution to the discussion of whether the disadvantages outweigh the protective effect of a colostomy from wound infection and wound dehiscence following posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP). METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of VF who underwent PSARP between October 2009 and November 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458879/rare-cause-of-massive-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-due-to-primary-isolated-ilio-rectal-fistula
#14
Nuttapon Arpornsujaritkun, Chairat Supsamutchai, Wiwat Thirapanich, Pitichote Hiranyatheb, Namsiri Biadul
Massive lower gastrointestinal from primary isolated ilio-rectal fistula is a rare condition and difficult to diagnosis and emergency surgery for this situation has a high mortality rate. This report describes a successful operation in an 88-year-old man at present with massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage from ilio-rectal fistula and hypovolemic shock. Underlying diseases are prostate cancer, hypertension, dyslipidemia, aortic stenosis, mitral valve stenosis and chronic renal disease. Operative treatment is to explore laparotomy with internal iliac artery ligation and rectal resection...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440525/-treatment-of-complications-after-laparoscopic-intersphincteric-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#15
Bin Zhang, Ke Zhao, Quanlong Liu, Shuhui Yin, Yujuan Zhao, Guangzuan Zhuo, Yingying Feng, Jun Zhu, Jianhua Ding
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the perioperative and postoperative complications follow laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (LapISR) in the treatment of low rectal cancer and their management. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in 73 consecutive patients who underwent LapISR for low rectal cancer between June 2011 and February 2016 in our hospital. The clinicopathological parameters, perioperative and postoperative complications, and clinical outcomes were collected from a prospectively maintained database...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413307/laparoscopic-assisted-anorectoplasty-a-single-center-experience
#16
Rajamani Gurusamy, S Vijay Raj, Raghul Maniam, S R Regunandan
AIM: To assess the modifications in the technique of laparoscopic-assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) practiced at our institute and to analyze the postoperative outcome and associated complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was done to analyze the results for LAARP procedure done for high anorectal malformations (ARMs) from January 2001 to May 2016. A total of 68 patients had undergone LAARP, with 62 male and 6 female children. Staged procedure was done in 55 patients and one child with rectovestibular fistula of 5 months of age had a single-stage procedure...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403973/a-national-snapshot-of-the-surgical-management-of-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-of-the-rectum-and-colon-in-france-in-2015-a-multicenter-series-of-1135-cases
#17
H Roman
OBJECTIVE: To perform a survey on the characteristics of the surgical management of patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis of the rectum and the sigmoid colon (DIERS) in France in 2015. METHOD: Case-series study enrolling patients with DIERS involving muscularis, submucosa or mucosa, operated on from January 1st to December 31st 2015, in 56 healthcare facilities in France. Surgeons filled in questionnaires concerning the number of patients, deep endometriosis localizations, surgical route and techniques used on digestive tract, associated surgical procedures and major complications...
February 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374259/anorectal-complications-after-robotic-intersphincteric-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#18
Li-Jen Kuo, James Chi-Yong Ngu, Yan-Jiun Huang, Yen-Kuang Lin, Chia-Che Chen, Yiu-Shun Tong, Szu-Chia Huang, Chia-Chen Hu, Shu-Hwa Tan
BACKGROUND: Robotic intersphincteric resection (ISR) has been introduced for sphincter-preservation in the treatment of low rectal cancer. However, many patients experience anorectal symptoms and defecatory dysfunction after ISR. This study aims to evaluate the anorectal complications that develop after ISR. METHODS: The medical records of 108 patients who underwent robotic ISR at Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan between December 2011 and June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
April 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349612/efficacy-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-in-patients-with-radiation-induced-rectal-ulcers-report-of-five-cases
#19
Shoichi Yoshimizu, Akiko Chino, Yuji Miyamoto, Fuyuki Tagao, Susumu Iwasaki, Daisuke Ide, Yoshiro Tamegai, Masahiro Igarashi, Shoichi Saito, Junko Fujisaki
For decades, hyperbaric oxygen therapy has been considered a treatment option in patients with chronic radiation-induced proctitis after pelvic radiation therapy. Refractory cases of chronic radiation-induced proctitis include ulceration, stenosis, and intestinal fistulas with perforation. Appropriate treatment needs to be given. In the present study, we assessed the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in five patients with radiation-induced rectal ulcers. Significant improvement and complete ulcer resolution were observed in all treated patients; no side-effects were reported...
March 28, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323223/robotic-assisted-conservative-excision-of-retrocervical-rectal-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-a-case-series
#20
Alfredo Ercoli, Emma Bassi, Stefania Ferrari, Daniela Surico, Anna Fagotti, Francesco Fanfani, Fiorenzo De Cicco, Nicola Surico, Giovanni Scambia
Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is a complex disease that impairs the quality of life and the fertility of women. Colorectal DIE accounts for 70% to 93% of all the intestinal endometriotic sites and frequently needs a surgical approach. However, the indications for the surgical management of this condition are still controversial. From March 2010 to June 2014, we scheduled 33 consecutive patients presenting with retrocervical-rectal DIE of any diameter not involving the mucosa nor producing rectal stenosis > 50% for laparoscopic robotic assisted nerve-sparing rectal nodulectomy (LRN)...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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