keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ovarian growth factors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238563/the-development-and-use-of-vascular-targeted-therapy-in-ovarian-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Dana M Chase, David J Chaplin, Bradley J Monk
Combination vascular-targeted therapies (VTTs) represent a promising approach for patients with platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer (OC). VTTs include two mechanistically distinct classes of agents: anti-angiogenic agents (AAs) and vascular-disrupting agents (VDAs). AAs suppress growth of new tumor vasculature through inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and other pro-angiogenic molecules. Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody that binds to VEGF, has improved progression-free survival (PFS) when given with chemotherapy in patients with advanced OC...
February 23, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235714/profiling-of-selected-angiogenesis-related-genes-in-serous-ovarian-cancer-patients
#2
Paweł Kuć, Radosław Charkiewicz, Dagmara Klasa-Mazurkiewicz, Tomasz Milczek, Barbara Mroczko, Jacek Nikliński, Piotr Laudański
PURPOSE: Since angiogenesis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer the aim of the study was to compare the expression of the most relevant angiogenesis-related genes in serous ovarian cancer samples. Genes were divided into 5 subgroups according to their angiogenic potential: growth factors and their receptors; cytokines/chemokines; adhesion molecules and other matrix related proteins; transcriptions factors and signaling molecules; morphogenic factors, and angiogenesis inhibitors...
February 21, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228558/the-ribosomal-protein-s19-suppresses-antitumor-immune-responses-via-the-complement-c5a-receptor-1
#3
Maciej M Markiewski, Surya Kumari Vadrevu, Sharad K Sharma, Navin Kumar Chintala, Shanawaz Ghouse, Jun-Hung Cho, David P Fairlie, Yvonne Paterson, Aristotelis Astrinidis, Magdalena Karbowniczek
Relatively little is known about factors that initiate immunosuppression in tumors and act at the interface between tumor cells and host cells. In this article, we report novel immunosuppressive properties of the ribosomal protein S19 (RPS19), which is upregulated in human breast and ovarian cancer cells and released from apoptotic tumor cells, whereupon it interacts with the complement C5a receptor 1 expressed on tumor infiltrating myeloid-derived suppressor cells. This interaction promotes tumor growth by facilitating recruitment of these cells to tumors...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224267/selection-of-dna-aptamers-for-extra-cellular-domain-of-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-to-detect-her2-positive-carcinomas
#4
A Sett, B B Borthakur, U Bora
BACKGROUND: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2, an orphan receptor of ErbB family) is considered as an important biomarker as it plays a key role in the development and progression of aggressive types of breast, ovarian, stomach and gastric cancer. In the present study, we developed novel DNA aptamers against the extra-cellular domain (ECD) of Her2 protein for detection of Her2-positive carcinomas. METHODS: We cloned and expressed Her2-ECD protein in E...
February 21, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223694/combination-of-ruthenium-ii-arene-complex-ru-%C3%AE-6-p-cymene-cl2-pta-rapta-c-and-the-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-inhibitor-erlotinib-results-in-efficient-angiostatic-and-antitumor-activity
#5
Robert H Berndsen, Andrea Weiss, U Kulsoom Abdul, Tse J Wong, Patrick Meraldi, Arjan W Griffioen, Paul J Dyson, Patrycja Nowak-Sliwinska
Ruthenium-based compounds show strong potential as anti-cancer drugs and are being investigated as alternatives to other well-established metal-based chemotherapeutics. The organometallic compound [Ru(η(6)-p-cymene)Cl2(pta)], where pta = 1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane (RAPTA-C) exhibits broad acting anti-tumor efficacy with intrinsic angiostatic activity. In the search for an optimal anti-angiogenesis drug combination, we identified synergistic potential between RAPTA-C and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor, erlotinib...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215816/nasal-septal-perforation-secondary-to-systemic-bevacizumab
#6
Mathew Geltzeiler, Toby O Steele
IMPORTANCE: A case of nasal septal perforation secondary to systemic bevacizumab therapy for ovarian cancer is reported. Bevacizumab is a vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) inhibitor that is becoming more widely utilized in the oncologic community. There is only one prior report of septal perforation secondary to bevacizumab in the Otolaryngology specific literature. The purpose of this report is: 1) to raise awareness and discuss the literature surrounding the sinonasal complications of bevacizumab and 2) provide workup and treatment recommendations based on the sum of the available literature...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213288/inhibition-of-estrogen-related-receptor-%C3%AE-attenuates-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-proliferation-and-migration-by-regulating-rhoa-p27-kip1-and-%C3%AE-catenin-wnt4-signaling-pathway
#7
Qunyi Li, Lei Zhu, Liudi Zhang, Haifei Chen, Yingfeng Zhu, Yongli Du, Wanxian Zhong, Mingkang Zhong, Xiaojin Shi
RhoA/p27(Kip1) and β-Catenin/Wnt4 signaling processes play central roles in proliferation and migration in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). ERRα, a member of orphan nuclear receptors, is a potent prognostic factor in breast, ovarian, colon and other types of tumors. However, biological significance of ERRα in VSMCs as well as the molecular mechanisms remains largely unknown. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate whether ERRα is involved in the proliferation and migration of VSMCs in vitro and neointimal formation in vivo...
February 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209916/diabetic-concentrations-of-metformin-inhibit-platelet-mediated-ovarian-cancer-cell-progression
#8
Rafaela Erices, Sofía Cubillos, Raúl Aravena, Felice Santoro, Monica Marquez, Renan Orellana, Carolina Ramírez, Pamela González, Patricia Fuenzalida, María Loreto Bravo, Bárbara Oliva, Sumie Kato, Carolina Ibañez, Jorge Brañes, Erasmo Bravo, Catalina Alonso, Karen García, Clemente Arab, Vicente A Torres, Alejandro S Godoy, Jaime Pereira, Galdo Bustos, Julio Cesar Cardenas, Mauricio A Cuello, Gareth I Owen
Clinical studies have suggested a survival benefit in ovarian cancer patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus taking metformin, however the mechanism by which diabetic concentrations of metformin could deliver this effect is still poorly understood. Platelets not only represent an important reservoir of growth factors and angiogenic regulators, they are also known to participate in the tumor microenvironment implicated in tumor growth and dissemination. Herein, we investigated if diabetic concentrations of metformin could impinge upon the previously reported observation that platelet induces an increase in the tube forming capacity of endothelial cells (angiogenesis) and upon ovarian cancer cell aggressiveness...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205047/pre-diagnosis-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-and-risk-of-epithelial-invasive-ovarian-cancer-by-histological-subtypes-a-collaborative-re-analysis-from-the-ovarian-cancer-cohort-consortium
#9
Jennifer Ose, Helena Schock, Elizabeth M Poole, Matti Lehtinen, Kala Visvanathan, Kathy Helzlsouer, Julie E Buring, I-Min Lee, Anne Tjønneland, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Antonia Trichopoulou, Amalia Mattiello, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Elisabete Weiderpass, María-José Sánchez, Annika Idahl, Ruth C Travis, Sabina Rinaldi, Melissa A Merritt, Nicolas Wentzensen, Shelley S Tworoger, Rudolf Kaaks, Renée T Fortner
PURPOSE: Biologic evidence suggests that the Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-family may be involved in the etiology of epithelial invasive ovarian cancer (EOC). However, prospective studies investigating the role of IGF-I in ovarian carcinogenesis have yielded conflicting results. METHODS: We pooled and harmonized data from 6 case-control studies nested within the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium to investigate the association between pre-diagnosis IGF-I concentrations and subsequent risk of EOC...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199976/elf3-is-a-negative-regulator-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#10
Tsz-Lun Yeung, Cecilia S Leung, Kwong-Kwok Wong, Arthur Gutierrez-Hartmann, Joseph Kwong, David M Gershenson, Samuel C Mok
Transcription factors are master switches for various biochemical pathways. However, transcription factors involved in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer have yet to be explored thoroughly. Therefore, in the present study, we assessed the prognostic value of the transcription factor E74-like factor 3 (ELF3) identified via transcriptome profiling of the epithelial components of microdissected ovarian tumor samples isolated from long- and short-term survivors and determined its roles in ovarian cancer pathogenesis...
February 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193725/the-tgf-%C3%AE-family-in-the-reproductive-tract
#11
Diana Monsivais, Martin M Matzuk, Stephanie A Pangas
The transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) family has a profound impact on the reproductive function of various organisms. In this review, we discuss how highly conserved members of the TGF-β family influence the reproductive function across several species. We briefly discuss how TGF-β-related proteins balance germ-cell proliferation and differentiation as well as dauer entry and exit in Caenorhabditis elegans. In Drosophila melanogaster, TGF-β-related proteins maintain germ stem-cell identity and eggshell patterning...
February 13, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190892/slit2-robo4-signaling-potential-role-of-a-vegf-antagonist-pathway-to-regulate-luteal-permeability
#12
I Bekes, V Haunerdinger, R Sauter, I Holzheu, W Janni, A Wöckel, C Wulff
Introduction The corpus luteum (CL) is dependent on luteal vascular permeability, which is controlled by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) via vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In this study we investigated the role of a potential VEGF antagonist pathway - Slit2/Robo4 - and its influence on endothelial cell adhesion. Materials and Methods Luteinized granulosa cells (LGCs) were stimulated with hCG in the absence or presence of a VEGF inhibitor. The expression of VEGF and Slit2 were measured. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were stimulated with Slit2 or VEGF, and gene expressions of cadherin 5 (CDH5) and claudin 5 (CLDN5) were measured...
January 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190891/everolimus-as-an-mtor-inhibitor-suppresses-endometriotic-implants-an-experimental-rat-study
#13
T Kacan, C Yildiz, S Baloglu Kacan, M Seker, H Ozer, A Cetin
Introduction Mammalian target of rapamycin is a pathway to block apoptosis. Recent studies showed that the activity of mammalian target of rapamycin pathway increases in endometriotic lesions. Aim of the present study was to study the effect of everolimus agent, a rapamycin analog, in an experimental endometriosis model. Materials and Methods Endometriosis established by the autotransplantation of uterine tissue in the peritoneal cavity was confirmed in 24 rats. The animals were then randomly divided into three groups to receive either everolimus (1...
January 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187748/characterization-of-ovarian-clear-cell-carcinoma-using-target-drug-based-molecular-biomarkers-implications-for-personalized-cancer-therapy
#14
Mengjiao Li, Haoran Li, Fei Liu, Rui Bi, Xiaoyu Tu, Lihua Chen, Shuang Ye, Xi Cheng
BACKGROUND: It has long been appreciated that different subtypes (serous, clear cell, endometrioid and mucinous) of epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) have distinct pathogenetic pathways. However, clinical management, especially chemotherapeutic regimens, for EOC patients is not subtype specific. Ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC) is a rare histological subtype of EOC, which exhibits high rates of recurrence and low chemosensitivity. We assessed potential therapeutic targets for ovarian CCC patients through analyzing the variation of drug-based molecular biomarkers expression between ovarian CCC and high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185934/corticosteroids-deeply-depress-the-in-vitro-steroidogenic-capacity-of-eurasian-perch-ovary-at-the-end-of-the-reproductive-cycle
#15
S N M Mandiki, S Milla, S Nkogo Robles, P Kestemont
Corticosteroids play positive or negative role in the reproductive mechanisms of many fish species but the physiological contexts relating to such biphasic actions are not well defined. In the present study we investigated to what extent corticosteroids (cortisol-Co, 11-deoxycorticosterone-DOC) hormones may interfere with the steroidogenic capacity of Eurasian perch ovarian tissues, and we tested whether the negative effects of corticosteroids may be mitigated by potential stimulating endocrine factors, namely insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF), human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) or thyroid hormones (Triidothyronine-T3, thyroxine-T4)...
February 7, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185461/-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-tumor-tissue-and-its-role-for-metastatic-spread-of-cancer
#16
V M Matějka, J Fínek, M Králíčková
BACKGROUND: Metastasis, recurrence, and resistance to chemotherapy are leading causes of the majority of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The process of metastasis can be artificially divided into a series of sequential, highly organized, and organ-specific steps. The underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood, but are believed to be mediated by epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). First described in embryogenesis, EMT is a cellular reprogramming process in which epithelial cells acquire a mesenchymal phenotype...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184931/elf5-in-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma-tissues-and-biological-behavior-in-ovarian-carcinoma-cells
#17
Hongchao Yan, Linglin Qiu, Xiaolei Xie, He Yang, Yongli Liu, Xiaoman Lin, Hongxiang Huang
The expression of E74-like factor 5 (ELF5) in epithelial ovarian carcinoma tissues and its effects on biological behavior in ovarian carcinoma cells were assessed in search for a new approach for gene treatment of epithelial ovarian carcinoma. RT-PCR technology was applied to detect the expression of ELF5 mRNA in epithelial ovarian carcinoma (n=49), borderline ovarian epithelial tumor (n=19), benign ovarian epithelial tumor (n=31) and normal ovarian tissues (n=40). Then, we transfected recombinant plasmid pcDNA3...
March 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183093/putative-effects-of-obesity-on-linear-growth-and-puberty%C3%A2
#18
Shlomit Shalitin, Wieland Kiess
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem that has grown to epidemic proportions throughout the world. Obesity is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. The nutritional status plays an important role in growth and body weight regulation. Excess adiposity during childhood can affect the process of growth and puberty. Obese children are frequently tall for their age, with accelerated epiphyseal growth plate maturation despite low growth hormone levels. Several regulatory hormones may affect the process of linear growth in the constellation of obesity, as high levels of insulin and leptin are observed in obese children...
February 9, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182010/microrna-144-is-regulated-by-cp2-and-decreases-cox-2-expression-and-pge2-production-in-mouse-ovarian-granulosa-cells
#19
Jiawei Zhou, Bin Lei, Huanan Li, Lihua Zhu, Lei Wang, Hu Tao, Shuqi Mei, Fenge Li
Mammalian folliculogenesis is a complex process in which primordial follicles develop into pre-ovulatory follicles, followed by ovulation to release mature oocytes. In this study, we explored the role of miR-144 in ovulation. miR-144 was one of the differentially expressed microRNAs, which showed 5.59-fold changes, in pre-ovulatory ovarian follicles between Large White and Chinese Taihu sows detected by Solexa deep sequencing. We demonstrated that overexpression of miR-144 significantly decreased the luciferase reporter activity under the control of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) or mothers against decapentaplegic homologue 4 (Smad4) 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) and suppressed COX-2 and Smad4 expression...
February 9, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179304/imp3-expression-in-borderline-tumors-of-the-ovary
#20
Ahmed El-Balat, Nicole Sänger, Thomas Karn, Sven Becker, Uwe Holtrich, Zelal Muallem, Ruza Arsenic
BACKGROUND/AIM: Borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) have a less aggressive behavior than invasive epithelial ovarian tumors. Still some patients relapse or succumb to disease. Molecular markers that reliably predict prognosis are lacking. Insulin-like growth factor II mRNA-binding protein (IMP3) has been suggested as a prognostic marker in colorectal, hepatocellular, and ovarian clear-cell carcinomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the expression of IMP3 by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 140 BOT and its association with histopathological features...
2017: Anticancer Research
keyword
keyword
6374
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"