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ovarian growth factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146461/resveratrol-supports-and-alpha-naphthoflavone-disrupts-growth-of-human-ovarian-follicles-in-an-in-vitro-tissue-culture-model
#1
Jie Hao, Astrud R Tuck, Marcus O D Sjödin, Johan Lindberg, Anna Sand, Boel Niklasson, Maria Argyraki, Outi Hovatta, Pauliina Damdimopoulou
Infertility is a global health problem with an estimated incidence of 15%. Exposure to chemicals is a potential causal factor, and there is a lack of studies examining the effects on female germ cells. Here, we have studied the impact of different aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) modulators on human ovarian follicles using a human ovarian tissue culture model. Expression of AHR was analyzed in tissue samples, and effects of the selected ligands resveratrol (RSVL), 6-formylindolo(3,2-b)carbazole (FICZ), and alpha-naphthoflavone (aNF) on AHR transactivation studied in a granulosa cell tumor line...
November 13, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145927/corrigendum-to-hypoxia-limits-mouse-follicle-growth-in-vitro
#2
J M Connolly, M T Kane, L R Quinlan, P Dockery, A C Hynes
Ovarian follicle culture is useful for elucidation of factors involved in the regulation of follicular function. We examined the effects of gas phase oxygen concentration, an oil overlay, serum type and medium supplementation with FSH, insulin-transferrin-selenium (ITS) and I-ascorbic acid on cultured preantral mouse follicle growth in a spherical, non-attached follicle culture system. Follicle growth in 5% oxygen was significantly (P<0.01) inferior to growth in 20% oxygen in terms of follicle diameter. This was likely due to hypoxia, as evidenced by significantly (P<0...
February 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141914/proteotranscriptomics-reveal-signaling-networks-in-the-ovarian-cancer-microenvironment
#3
Thomas Worzfeld, Florian Finkernagel, Silke Reinartz, Anne Konzer, Till Adhikary, Andrea Nist, Thorsten Stiewe, Uwe Wagner, Mario Looso, Johannes Graumann, Rolf Müller
Ovarian cancer is characterized by early transcoelomic metastatic spread via the peritoneal fluid, where tumor cell spheroids (TU), tumor-associated T cells (TAT), and macrophages (TAM) create a unique microenvironment promoting cancer progression, chemoresistance and immuno-suppression. However, the underlying signaling mechanisms remain largely obscure.  To chart these signaling networks, we performed comprehensive proteomic and transcriptomic analyses of TU, TAT and TAM from ascites of ovarian cancer patients...
November 15, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141508/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-may-stall-ovarian-cortex-function-through-modulation-of-hormone-receptors-other-than-the-amh-receptor
#4
Laura Detti, Nicole M Fletcher, Ghassan M Saed, Irene Peregrin-Alvarez, Rebecca A Uhlmann
OBJECTIVE: To test whether recombinant anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) can inhibit ovarian cortex function by modulating the expression of other hormone receptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pilot experimental study with ovarian cortex obtained from 5 patients. Immediately after explant, the ovarian cortex specimens were divided into 5 equal fragments. One fragment was flash-frozen (uncultured) and 4 were incubated for 48 hours at 37°C in a pH-adjusted gamete buffer medium with increasing AMH concentrations of 0, 5, 25, and 50 ng/mL...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136085/tgf-beta1-from-endometriomas-promotes-fibrosis-in-surrounding-ovarian-tissues-via-smad2-3-signaling
#5
Li Bing Shi, Feng Zhou, Hai Yan Zhu, Dong Huang, Xiao Ying Jin, Chao Li, Yongdong Dai, Yi Bin Pan, Song Ying Zhang
To elucidate whether the endometriotic cells of endometriomas synthesize transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) and understand how it affects surrounding ovarian tissue. We collected biopsies of the cystic walls from 42 endometriomas and 29 mature teratomas and compared mRNA and protein expression of fibrosis-related factors between the cystic walls. Then we detected TGFB1 mRNA synthesis in endometriomas, and tested TGF-beta1 fibrotic effect in vitro. Moreover, we verified the expression of Smad2/3 Signaling components in the endometriotic cystic wall in order to understand whether TGF-beta1/Smad signaling is involved in fibrosis formation of the tissue surrounding endometriomas...
November 10, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132131/il-6-promotes-fsh-induced-vegf-expression-through-jak-stat3-signaling-pathway-in-bovine-granulosa-cells
#6
Meng Yang, Lei Wang, Xurong Wang, Xuezhi Wang, Zhiqiang Yang, Jianxi Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been demonstrated to play a pivotal role in the regulation of angiogenesis in ovarian follicular development, particularly during the preovulatory period. Although numerous studies have shown that interleukin-6 (IL-6) is one of the major inducing factors that regulate the expression of VEGF in non-ovarian cells, whether it involved in regulating the expression of VEGF in normal ovarian granulosa cells is still unknown. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the effect of IL-6 on FSH-induced VEGF expression in bovine granulosa cells derived from large follicles...
November 13, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131262/mir-630-promotes-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-proliferation-and-invasion-via-targeting-klf6
#7
S Zhang, J-Y Zhang, L-J Lu, C-H Wang, L-H Wang
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs play critical roles in post-translational gene expression. The current study was to investigate the effects of miR-630 in epithelial ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty epithelial ovarian cancer tissue and thirty normal ovarian tissue samples were collected and were detected miR-630 expression level with qRT-PCR. MiR-630 mimics, inhibitors and negative controls were transfected into SKOV3 and Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, and transwell experiment were performed to detect the proliferation rate and migration, respectively...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131012/snail-driving-alternative-splicing-of-cd44-by-esrp1-enhances-invasion-and-migration-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#8
Le Chen, Ying Yao, Lijuan Sun, Jiajia Zhou, Minmin Miao, Shujuan Luo, Guanming Deng, Junjun Li, Jing Wang, Jie Tang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our study aims to investigate the role, effect and mechanisms of ESRP1 (epithelial splicing regulatory protein 1) in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: Microarray and immunohistochemical analysis of ESRP1 expression were performed in EOC cases. The correlations between ESRP1 expression and clinical factors on EOC were assessed. Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference and EGFP vector which contains ESRP1 gene were used to down-regulate and up-regulate ESRP1 expression in human EOC cell lines...
October 31, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130672/-effects-of-cellular-density-on-the-induction-of-suspension-globe-of-ovarian-cancer-stem-cells
#9
Mian-Zhi Chen, Lan Zhong, Dong-Mei Wei, Xiao-Yu Niu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of cellular density on the separation and identification of cancer stem cells from human ovarian clear cell carcinoma cell line ES-2 and adenocarcinoma cell line A2780. METHODS: ES-2 and A2780 cells were cultured with human recombinant epidermal growth factor (EGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and bovine serum albumin and insulin in serum free medium. The cancer stem cells were obtained through serial passages. Changes in cell morphology,expressions of surface marker CD133 and CD44,and soft AGAR clone forming in the stem cells were examined under different cell density,either in serum-supplemented medium (SSM group) or in serum free medium (SFM group)...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129796/comprehensive-profiling-of-prostaglandins-in-human-ovarian-follicular-fluid-using-mass-spectrometry
#10
Bruce Pier, Johnathan W Edmonds, Landon Wilson, Alireza Arabshahi, Ray Moore, G Wright Bates, Jeevan K Prasain, Michael A Miller
Prostaglandins are formed by enzymatic and non-enzymatic mechanisms. They have been detected in human ovarian follicular fluid (HFF), a medium rich in growth factors and nutrients important for oocyte growth and fertility. However, the comprehensive identification of HFF prostaglandins has not been addressed. Here we use hybrid triple quadrupole time-of-flight and triple quadrupole mass spectrometers to comprehensively analyze prostaglandins in HFF. We identified PGE1, PGE2, PGF2α, and other prostaglandins synthesized via prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (i...
November 9, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121666/sox9-is-a-proliferation-and-stem-cell-factor-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-possess-widespread-prognostic-significance-in-different-cancer-types
#11
Georg Richtig, Ariane Aigelsreiter, Daniela Schwarzenbacher, Anna Lena Ress, Jan Basri Adiprasito, Verena Stiegelbauer, Gerald Hoefler, Silvia Schauer, Tobias Kiesslich, Peter Kornprat, Thomas Winder, Florian Eisner, Armin Gerger, Herbert Stoeger, Rudolf Stauber, Carolin Lackner, Martin Pichler
SOX9 has been previously shown to be involved in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and other types of cancer. However, prognostic studies so far involved rather small cohorts or lack external validation and experimental data. In this study, we firstly determined the histological expression pattern of SOX9 in human HCC by immunohistochemistry (n = 84) and evaluated its prognostic value. External cohorts of publicly available datasets were used to validate its prognostic relevance in HCC (n = 359) and other types of cancer including breast (n = 3951), ovarian (n = 1306), lung (n = 1926) and gastric cancer (n = 876)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116596/antibody-drug-conjugates-for-the-treatment-of-solid-tumors-clinical-experience-and-latest-developments
#12
Aiko Nagayama, Leif W Ellisen, Bruce Chabner, Aditya Bardia
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are complex immunoconjugates designed to selectively deliver toxic small molecules preferentially to cancer cells. These immunoconjugates consist of a monoclonal antibody - directed to a tumor antigen - and a cytotoxic agent that is conjugated to the antibody via a molecular linker. Following the binding to a specific antigen on the surface of cancer cells, the conjugate is internalized and releases its cytotoxic payload to kill the malignant cell. ADCs that have gained regulatory approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) include brentuximab vedotin for CD30-positive Hodgkin's lymphoma and trastuzumab emtansine for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer...
November 8, 2017: Targeted Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106744/germ-cell-tumor-growth-patterns-originating-from-clear-cell-carcinomas-of-the-ovary-and-endometrium-a-comparative-immunohistochemical-study-favouring-their-origin-from-somatic-stem-cells
#13
F F Nogales, J Prat, M Schuldt, N Cruz-Viruel, B Kau, E D'Angelo, X Matias-Guiu, A Vidal, W G McCluggage, J W Oosterhuis
AIMS: To report a series of 11 ovarian and one endometrial neoplasm in elderly patients with mixed clear cell tumour and germ cell tumour (GCT) components, to compare their immunohistochemical and demonstrate a putative stem cell population. METHODS AND RESULTS: The clear cell tumours included 11 clear cell carcinomas (CCC) and 1 borderline clear cell tumour, while the GCT always included glandular yolk sac tumour (YST). In 4 cases, there were also foci of teratoma with immature neuroepithelial and endodermal tissues, and undifferentiated areas showing true embryoids...
November 6, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104587/notch-and-its-oncogenic-activity-in-human-malignancies
#14
REVIEW
Marlena Brzozowa-Zasada, Adam Piecuch, Marek Michalski, Oliwia Segiet, Józef Kurek, Marzena Harabin-Słowińska, Romuald Wojnicz
Background: Increasing evidence has demonstrated that Notch signaling is deregulated in human hematological malignancies and solid tumors. This signaling has a protumorigenic effect but may also act as a tumor suppressor. How induction of a single pathway gives rise to the opposite effects in different cell types is still unknown. Methods: This review article includes available data from peer-reviewed publications associated with the role of Notch signaling during cancer pathogenesis...
2017: European Surgery: ACA: Acta Chirurgica Austriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104507/fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-2-signaling-in-breast-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Haipeng Lei, Chu-Xia Deng
Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) is a membrane-spanning tyrosine kinase that mediates signaling for FGFs. Recent studies detected various point mutations of FGFR2 in multiple types of cancers, including breast cancer, lung cancer, gastric cancer, uterine cancer and ovarian cancer, yet the casual relationship between these mutations and tumorigenesis is unclear. Here we will discuss possible interactions between FGFR2 signaling and several major pathways through which the aberrantly activated FGFR2 signaling may result in breast cancer development...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102625/reprint-of-role-of-g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-gper-gpr30-in-maintenance-of-meiotic-arrest-in-fish-oocytes
#16
REVIEW
Peter Thomas
An essential role for GPER (formerly known as GPR30) in regulating mammalian reproduction has not been identified to date, although it has shown to be involved in the regulation a broad range of other estrogen-dependent functions. In contrast, an important reproductive role for GPER in the maintenance of oocyte meiotic arrest has been identified in teleost fishes, which is briefly reviewed here. Recent studies have clearly shown that ovarian follicle production of estradiol-17β (E2) maintains meiotic arrest in several teleost species through activation of GPER coupled to a stimulatory G protein (Gs) on oocyte plasma membranes, resulting in stimulation of cAMP production and maintenance of elevated cAMP levels...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100356/pax2-maintains-the-differentiation-of-mouse-oviductal-epithelium-and-inhibits-the-transition-to-a-stem-cell-like-state
#17
Kholoud Alwosaibai, Atefeh Abedini, Ensaf M Al-Hujaily, Yong Tang, Kenneth Garson, Olga Collins, Barbara C Vanderhyden
Recent studies have provided evidence that the secretory cells of the fallopian tube (oviduct) are a probable origin for high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. In addition to secretory cells, the fallopian tube epithelium consists of ciliated cells and CD44+ undifferentiated stem-like cells. Loss of PAX2 expression is recognized as an early event in epithelial transformation, but the specific role of PAX2 in this transition is unknown. The aim of this study was to define the role of PAX2 in oviductal epithelial (OVE) cells and its response to transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ), characterizing specifically its potential involvement in regulating stem cell-like behaviors that may contribute to formation of cancer-initiating cells...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099290/fer-mediated-hgf-independent-regulation-of-hgfr-met-activates-rac1-pak1-pathway-to-potentiate-metastasis-in-ovarian-cancer
#18
Gaofeng Fan, Nicholas Nicholas
Uncontrolled metastasis significantly contributes to high lethality of patients suffering from ovarian cancer. To date, the detailed molecular mechanisms which account for ovarian tumor cell spreading and metastasis remain largely unknown. In a recent study, we have demonstrated that aberrantly high expression of the non-receptor tyrosine kinase FER is responsible for ovarian tumor cell metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we indentified Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor HGFR/MET as a novel substrate of FER, and through which the kinase FER modulates ovarian cancer cell motility and invasiveness in a ligand-independent manner...
November 3, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099111/subtle-metabolic-alterations-in-adolescents-with-obesity-and-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#19
Víctor Saúl Vital-Reyes, Mardia Guadalupe Lopez-Alarcón, Patricia Inda-Icaza, Concepción Márquez-Maldonado
Objective: To evaluate the frequency of some subtle metabolic alterations in a group of adolescents with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, comparative study was conducted in a group of adolescents with obesity, and characterized as with or without PCOS according with the Rotterdam Consensus. Medical history, anthropometry, gynecologic pelvic ultrasound (to evaluate ovarian volumes, number of antral follicles and endometrial width), as well as serum glucose, insulin, lipoproteins, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, total testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, sexual hormones binding globulin, leptin, adiponectin and insulin-like growth factor 1, the free-androgen index, free and available testosterone, and homeostatic model assessment index were calculated...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095972/placental-growth-factor-is-required-for-ovulation-luteinization-and-angiogenesis-in-primate-ovulatory-follicles
#20
Hannah R Bender, Heidi A Trau, Diane M Duffy
Placental growth factor (PGF) is member of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of angiogenesis regulators. VEGFA is an established regulator of ovulation and formation of the corpus luteum. To determine if PGF also mediates aspects of ovulation and luteinization, macaques received gonadotropins to stimulate multiple follicular development. Ovarian biopsies and whole ovaries were collected before (0h) and up to 36h after hCG administration to span the ovulatory interval. PGF and VEGFA were expressed by both granulosa cells and theca cells...
October 30, 2017: Endocrinology
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