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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741249/ambroise-par%C3%A3-1510-1590-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-shoulder-dislocations
#1
REVIEW
Konstantinos Markatos, Marianna Karamanou, Gerasimos Tsourouflis, Georgios Androutsos, Andreas F Mavogenis
AIM OF STUDY: This article aims to summarize the treatment methods for shoulder dislocations supported by Ambroise Paré, and his clinical and academic contribution to this subject. INTRODUCTION: Ambroise Paré (1510-1590) was one of the most prominent surgeons of his time, and one of the most significant innovators of the Renaissance in the fields of military operation, bandages, wound healing, bloodletting, close blood vessels techniques and cesarean section. For many, he is considered "the Father of Modern Surgery"...
July 24, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740709/outcomes-of-a-hybrid-approach-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-followed-by-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-replacement
#2
Orlando Santana, Steve Xydas, Roy F Williams, Angelo LaPietra, Maurice Mawad, Gerald P Rosen, Nirat Beohar, Christos G Mihos
BACKGROUND: In patients requiring coronary revascularization and aortic valve replacement, a combined approach of percutaneous coronary intervention followed by minimally invasive aortic valve replacement may be a viable treatment strategy. METHODS: The outcomes of 123 consecutive patients with significant coronary artery and aortic valve disease, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention followed by elective minimally invasive aortic valve replacement between February 2009 and April 2014, were retrospectively evaluated...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740690/basic-statistics-with-microsoft-excel-a-review
#3
EDITORIAL
Duilio Divisi, Gabriella Di Leonardo, Gino Zaccagna, Roberto Crisci
The scientific world is enriched daily with new knowledge, due to new technologies and continuous discoveries. The mathematical functions explain the statistical concepts particularly those of mean, median and mode along with those of frequency and frequency distribution associated to histograms and graphical representations, determining elaborative processes on the basis of the spreadsheet operations. The aim of the study is to highlight the mathematical basis of statistical models that regulate the operation of spreadsheets in Microsoft Excel...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739520/clinical-observation-of-posterior-percutaneous-full-endoscopic-cervical-foraminotomy-as-a-treatment-for-osseous-foraminal-stenosis
#4
Zhi-Yuan Ye, Wei-Jun Kong, Zhi-Jun Xin, Qiang Fu, Jun Ao, Guang-Ru Cao, Yu-Qiang Cai, Wen-Bo Liao
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effects of posterior percutaneous full-endoscopic cervical foraminotomy in patients with osseous foraminal stenosis. METHODS: Nine patients with osseous foraminal stenosis underwent surgery using the posterior percutaneous full-endoscopic cervical foraminotomy technique and received follow-up care for 1 year. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, neck disability index (NDI), and modified Macnab criteria were recorded at the last follow-up...
July 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737451/long-term-quality-of-life-outcomes-following-nissen-versus-toupet-fundoplication-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#5
Rebecca L Gunter, Amber L Shada, Luke M Funk, Xing Wang, Jacob A Greenberg, Anne O Lidor
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic fundoplication is the gold standard treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) refractory to medical management. Although many studies have compared Nissen fundoplication (NF) to Toupet fundoplication (TF), it is unclear which operation provides the best long-term reflux control. The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term quality-of-life (QoL) outcomes after NF versus TF. METHODS: Clinical data from our single academic institutional foregut database were used to identify patients who underwent NF or TF (June 2010 to May 2016)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736747/recurrent-dystrophic-calcification-of-the-prostatic-resection-cavity-after-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-clinical-presentation-and-endoscopic-management
#6
Valentin Zumstein, Patrick Betschart, Gautier Müllhaupt, Wolfram Jochum, Hans-Peter Schmid, Dominik Abt
Background: Dystrophic calcification (DC) can occur as a reaction to tissue damage and necrosis. So far, this has never been described as a complication after conventional transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Case Presentation: We report on a 59-year-old man who underwent uncomplicated monopolar TURP for lower urinary tract symptoms caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia. The patient showed an excellent course up to 5 weeks after the initial operation. Afterward he suffered from a rapid onset of irritative and obstructive voiding symptoms and pain...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736296/a-new-targeted-cftr-mutation-panel-based-on-next-generation-sequencing-technology
#7
Marco Lucarelli, Luigi Porcaro, Alice Biffignandi, Lucy Costantino, Valentina Giannone, Luisella Alberti, Sabina Maria Bruno, Carlo Corbetta, Erminio Torresani, Carla Colombo, Manuela Seia
Searching for mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR) is a key step in the diagnosis of and neonatal and carrier screening for cystic fibrosis (CF), and it has implications for prognosis and personalized therapy. The large number of mutations and genetic and phenotypic variability make this search a complex task. Herein, we tested the clinical and laboratory validity of an extended search for mutations in CFTR using a next-generation sequencing-based method, with a panel of 188 CFTR mutations customized for the Italian population...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735840/critical-shoulder-angle-is-associated-with-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-in-patients-with-glenohumeral-osteoarthritis
#8
Matthew T Mantell, Ryan Nelson, Jeremiah T Lowe, Donald P Endrizzi, Andrew Jawa
BACKGROUND: Higher critical shoulder angle (CSA) is correlated with rotator cuff tears (RCTs), whereas lower CSA is associated with glenohumeral osteoarthritis (OA). Our goal was to investigate whether patients with concurrent glenohumeral OA and full-thickness RCTs demonstrate a higher CSA than patients with OA alone. METHODS: Using a 2-surgeon shoulder arthroplasty registry, we identified 31 patients with glenohumeral OA and full-thickness RCTs confirmed by plain radiography and magnetic resonance imaging, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735135/endoscope-assisted-abscess-drainage-secondary-to-endoscope-assisted-tlif-1-year-follow-up
#9
Karthik Madhavan, Steven Shelby Burks, Lee Onn Chieng, Anand Veeravagu, Michael Y Wang
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic discectomy and fusions have been gaining popularity in the recent past and are noted to be safe for its application in elderly population. It involves ultra-small incision for discectomy followed by placement of percutaneous screws in awake patients. Treatment of advanced spinal pathology using endoscope-assisted techniques are challenging. Although not common with endoscopic approach, post-operative infection can be problematic as there are no established guidelines on its management...
July 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734701/highly-chemoselective-and-efficient-production-of-2-6-difluorobenzamide-using-rhodococcus-ruber-cgmcc3090-resting-cells
#10
Rui Tang, Yanbing Shen, Min Wang, Ying Zhai, Qian Gao
Chemoselective biocatalytic hydrolysis of nitriles is a valuable alternative to chemical hydrolysis that operates under harsh conditions. 2,6-Difluorobenzamide (DFBAM) is an essential intermediate derived from synthesis of benzoyl urea insecticide from 2,6-difluorobenzonitrile (DFBN). High yield of DFBAM was achieved, and the method using resting cells of Rhodococcus ruber CGMCC3090 exhibited excellent product specificity. The reaction parameters for DFBAM biosynthesis were also investigated. The resting cells effectively converted DFBN at high concentrations of up to 3...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734611/survivorship-of-a-porous-tantalum-monoblock-acetabular-component-in-primary-hip-arthroplasty-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-18-years
#11
George A Macheras, Panagiotis Lepetsos, Andreas O Leonidou, Panagiotis P Anastasopoulos, Spyridon P Galanakos, Lazaros A Poultsides
BACKGROUND: The use of porous tantalum for the acetabular component in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has demonstrated excellent short-term and midterm results. However, long-term data are scarce. The purpose of this prospective study is to report the long-term clinical and radiologic outcome following use of an uncemented porous tantalum acetabular component in primary THA with a minimum follow-up of 17.5 years, in a previously studied cohort of patients. METHODS: We prospectively followed 128 consecutive primary THAs in 140 patients, between November 1997 and June 1999...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734538/accuracy-of-infraspinatus-isometric-testing-in-predicting-tear-size-and-tendon-reparability-comparison-with-imaging-and-arthroscopy
#12
Helen Razmjou, Monique Christakis, Tim Dwyer, Varda van Osnabrugge, Richard Holtby
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of external rotation in neutral (0° external position) and in shortened position (45° external position) in relation to rotator cuff tear size, tendon reparability, and other clinical, surgical, and imaging findings. METHODS: This was a prospective blinded diagnostic study of consecutive surgical candidates for rotator cuff repair using magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopic surgery as the "gold standards...
August 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734146/diagnostic-value-of-whole-body-diffusion-weighted-mri-compared-to-computed-tomography-for-pre-operative-assessment-of-patients-suspected-for-ovarian-cancer
#13
Katrijn Michielsen, Raphaëla Dresen, Ragna Vanslembrouck, Frederik De Keyzer, Frédéric Amant, Elvier Mussen, Karin Leunen, Patrick Berteloot, Philippe Moerman, Ignace Vergote, Vincent Vandecaveye
BACKGROUND: Despite excellent per-lesion performance for peritoneal staging, the additional clinical value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI/MRI) compared to computed tomography (CT) remains to be established in ovarian cancer. Our purpose was to evaluate whole body (WB)-DWI/MRI for diagnosis, staging and operability assessment of patients suspected for ovarian cancer compared to CT. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-one patients suspected for ovarian carcinoma underwent 3 T WB-DWI/MRI and contrast-enhanced CT...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733735/laparoscopic-repair-of-giant-paraesophageal-hernia-are-there-factors-associated-with-anatomic-recurrence
#14
Michael Antiporda, Benjamin Veenstra, Chloe Jackson, Pujan Kandel, C Daniel Smith, Steven P Bowers
BACKGROUND: Repair of giant paraesophageal hernia (PEH) is associated with a favorably high rate of symptom improvement; however, rates of recurrence by objective measures remain high. Herein we analyze our experience with laparoscopic giant PEH repair to determine what factors if any can predict anatomic recurrence. METHODS: We prospectively collected data on PEH characteristics, variations in operative techniques, and surgeon factors for 595 patients undergoing laparoscopic PEH repair from 2008 to 2015...
July 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733672/trainee-surgeons-affect-operative-time-but-not-outcome-in-minimally-invasive-total-hip-arthroplasty
#15
Markus Weber, Achim Benditz, Michael Woerner, Daniela Weber, Joachim Grifka, Tobias Renkawitz
Training of young surgeons in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is crucial, but might affect operative time and outcome especially in minimally invasive (MIS) THA. We asked whether the learning curve of orthopaedic residents trained on MIS THA has an impact on (1) operative time (2) complication rates and (3) early postoperative outcome. In a retrospective analysis of over 1000 MIS THAs from our institutional joint registry, operative time, complication rates, patient reported outcome measures (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index [WOMAC] and Euro-Qol 5D-5L [EQ-5D]) within the first year and responder rates for positive outcome as defined by the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology and Osteoarthritis Research Society International consensus responder (OMERACT-OARSI) criteria were compared between trainee and senior surgeons...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733044/management-of-displaced-inferior-patellar-pole-fractures-with-modified-tension-band-technique-combined-with-cable-cerclage-using-cable-grip-system
#16
Xu Yang, Qinfen Wu, Chin-Hui Lai, Xin Wang
INTRODUCTION: We present a modified tension band technique combined with cable cerclage using Cable Grip System for the treatment of displaced inferior patellar pole fractures and report the knee functional outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients who had had operative treatment of a displaced inferior patellar pole fracture (AO/OTA 34-A1) between December 2013 and December 2015 were studied retrospectively. Eleven consecutive patients had had open reduction and internal fixation with the modified technique using Cable Grip System, of whom, five males and six females with an average age of 60...
July 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731981/technology-in-strength-and-conditioning-assessing-bodyweight-squat-technique-with-wearable-sensors
#17
Martin A OʼReilly, Darragh F Whelan, Tomas E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian M Caulfield
O'Reilly, MA, Whelan, DF, Ward, TE, Delahunt, E, and Caulfield, BM. Technology in strength and conditioning: assessing bodyweight squat technique with wearable sensors. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2303-2312, 2017-Strength and conditioning (S&C) coaches offer expert guidance to help those they work with achieve their personal fitness goals. However, it is not always practical to operate under the direct supervision of an S&C coach and consequently individuals are often left training without expert oversight. Recent developments in inertial measurement units (IMUs) and mobile computing platforms have allowed for the possibility of unobtrusive motion tracking systems and the provision of real-time individualized feedback regarding exercise performance...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730807/cationic-carbon-dots-for-modification-free-detection-of-hyaluronidase-via-an-electrostatic-controlled-ratiometric-fluorescence-assay
#18
Weiqiang Yang, Jiancong Ni, Fang Luo, Wen Weng, Qiao-Hua Wei, Zhenyu Lin, Guonan Chen
Carbon dots (CDs) emerge as excellent fluorescent nanomaterials, but the full exploitation and application of their exceptional properties in the development of fluorescence assay are still rare. In this work, cationic carbon dots (C-CDs) covered with a plenty of positive charges on the surface were synthesized through a facile ultrasonic method. Negatively charged hyaluronic acid (HA) caused the aggregation of positively charged C-CDs and neutral red (NR) along its linear chain via electrostatic adsorption, leading to a remarkable förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) from C-CDs to NR...
July 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729686/ultralow-voltage-operation-of-biologically-assembled-all-carbon-nanotube-nanomesh-transistors-with-ion-gel-gate-dielectrics
#19
Hye-Hyeon Byeon, Kein Kim, Woong Kim, Hyunjung Yi
The demonstration of field-effect transistors (FETs) based entirely on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) would enable the fabrication of high-on-current, flexible, transparent and stretchable devices owing to the excellent electrical, optical, and mechanical properties of SWNTs. Fabricating all-SWNT-based FETs via simple solution process, at room temperature and without using lithography and vacuum process could further broaden the applicability of all-SWNT-FETs. In this work, we report on biologically assembled all SWNT-based transistors and demonstrate that ion-gel-gated network structures of unsorted SWNTs assembled using a biological template material enabled operation of SWNT-based transistors at a very low voltage...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729007/the-feasibility-of-point-of-care-ankle-ultrasound-examination-in-patients-with-recurrent-ankle-sprain-and-chronic-ankle-instability-comparison-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Sun Hwa Lee, Seong Jong Yun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of point-of-care ankle ultrasound compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing major ligaments and Achilles tendon injuries in patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability, and to evaluate inter-observer reliability between an emergency physician and a musculoskeletal radiology fellow. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in an emergency department. Patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability were recruited...
July 13, 2017: Injury
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