keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Passive leg raising

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858914/values-of-hemodynamic-variation-in-response-to-passive-leg-raising-in-predicting-exercise-capacity-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#1
Hong-Lian Zhou, Ling Ding, Tao Mi, Kai Zheng, Xiao-Fen Wu, Jing Wang, Meng-Ying Liu, Le Zhang, Cun-Tai Zhang, Xiao-Qing Quan
In heart failure patients with preserved ejection fraction, their hemodynamic parameters usually change when they are from recumbent to passive leg raising. The authors designed this study to investigate the relationship between hemodynamic parameters measured by impedance cardiography (ICG) and 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). We recruited 49 subjects with HFPEF in the study, and all the subjects were separated into 2 groups: the patients whose hemodynamic parameters rose after passive leg raising were in group 1 (n = 26) and the patients whose hemodynamic parameters did not rise after passive leg raising were in group 2 (n = 23)...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858374/prediction-of-fluid-responsiveness-an-update
#2
REVIEW
Xavier Monnet, Paul E Marik, Jean-Louis Teboul
In patients with acute circulatory failure, the decision to give fluids or not should not be taken lightly. The risk of overzealous fluid administration has been clearly established. Moreover, volume expansion does not always increase cardiac output as one expects. Thus, after the very initial phase and/or if fluid losses are not obvious, predicting fluid responsiveness should be the first step of fluid strategy. For this purpose, the central venous pressure as well as other "static" markers of preload has been used for decades, but they are not reliable...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836002/cardiac-dysfunction-induced-by-weaning-from-mechanical-ventilation-incidence-risk-factors-and-effects-of-fluid-removal
#3
Jinglun Liu, Feng Shen, Jean-Louis Teboul, Nadia Anguel, Alexandra Beurton, Nadia Bezaz, Christian Richard, Xavier Monnet
BACKGROUND: Weaning-induced pulmonary oedema (WiPO) is a well-recognised cause of failure of weaning from mechanical ventilation, but its incidence and risk factors have not been reliably described. We wanted to determine the incidence and risk factors in a population of critically ill patients. In addition, we wanted to describe the effects of diuretics when they are administered in this context. METHODS: We monitored 283 consecutive spontaneous breathing trials (SBT; T-piece trial) performed in 81 patients...
November 12, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766613/carotid-doppler-flowmetry-correlates-poorly-with-thermodilution-cardiac-output-following-cardiac-surgery
#4
C Roehrig, M Govier, J Robinson, A Aneman
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether measuring carotid arterial flow by the time velocity integral using vascular Doppler ultrasound can be used to monitor cardiac output and volume responsiveness. METHODS: The carotid Doppler flow (time velocity integral and peak flow velocity variation) was assessed in triplicate by an intensivist with formal vascular ultrasound training. Thirty-three patients admitted following coronary by-pass surgery were studied before and after a passive leg-raising manoeuvre to investigate volume responsiveness (more than 10% increase in cardiac output) along with indices of arterial load measuring cardiac output by thermodilution...
October 21, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765870/acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-treated-by-double-side-locking-loop-suture-technique-with-early-rehabilitation
#5
Wataru Miyamoto, Shinji Imade, Ken Innami, Hirotaka Kawano, Masato Takao
BACKGROUND: Although early accelerated rehabilitation is recommended for the treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture, most traditional rehabilitation techniques require some type of brace. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 44 feet of 44 patients (25 male and 19 female) with a mean age of 31.8 years who had an acute Achilles tendon rupture related to athletic activity. Patients had been treated by a double side-locking loop suture (SLLS) technique using double antislip knots between stumps and had undergone early accelerated rehabilitation, including active and passive range of motion exercises on the day following the operation and full weight-bearing at 4 weeks...
October 10, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748729/effects-of-passive-leg-raising-on-microvascular-venous-compartment-in-critically-ill-patients
#6
Roberto A DE Blasi, Roberto Arcioni, Domitilla Brancadoro, Monica Rocco
BACKGROUND: Even though fluid loading is thought to improve organ perfusion, the way in which it does so remains unclear. We assessed how the microvascular bed in skeletal muscle reacts to passive leg raising in patients with and without sepsis or septic shock. METHODS: We studied 40 critically ill patients (group A) and 30 healthy controls (group B). The forearm microvascular bed was assessed using near-infrared spectroscopy before and after passive leg raising...
October 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721980/fluid-responsiveness-prediction-using-vigileo-flotrac-measured-cardiac-output-changes-during-passive-leg-raise-test
#7
Anton Krige, Martin Bland, Thomas Fanshawe
BACKGROUND: Passive leg raising (PLR) is a so called self-volume challenge used to test for fluid responsiveness. Changes in cardiac output (CO) or stroke volume (SV) measured during PLR are used to predict the need for subsequent fluid loading. This requires a device that can measure CO changes rapidly. The Vigileo™ monitor, using third-generation software, allows continuous CO monitoring. The aim of this study was to compare changes in CO (measured with the Vigileo device) during a PLR manoeuvre to calculate the accuracy for predicting fluid responsiveness...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673307/will-this-hemodynamically-unstable-patient-respond-to-a-bolus-of-intravenous-fluids
#8
Peter Bentzer, Donald E Griesdale, John Boyd, Kelly MacLean, Demetrios Sirounis, Najib T Ayas
IMPORTANCE: Fluid overload occurring as a consequence of overly aggressive fluid resuscitation may adversely affect outcome in hemodynamically unstable critically ill patients. Therefore, following the initial fluid resuscitation, it is important to identify which patients will benefit from further fluid administration. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of fluid responsiveness in hemodynamically unstable patients with signs of inadequate organ perfusion. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: Search of MEDLINE and EMBASE (1966 to June 2016) and reference lists from retrieved articles, previous reviews, and physical examination textbooks for studies that evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of tests to predict fluid responsiveness in hemodynamically unstable adult patients who were defined as having refractory hypotension, signs of organ hypoperfusion, or both...
September 27, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632868/associations-between-functional-and-isolated-performance-measures-in-collegiate-women-s-soccer-players
#9
Ryan S McCann, Kyle B Kosik, Masafumi Terada, Megan Q Beard, Gretchen E Buskirk, Phillip A Gribble
CONTEXT: The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and Functional Movement Screen (FMS) are functional performance measures capable of predicting lower extremity injury risk. While suboptimal SEBT and FMS performances are influenced by multiple factors, the contribution of hip strength and flexibility to these tests is mostly unknown. Examination of hip strength and flexibility influences on the SEBT and FMS may direct clinicians to better methods of correcting functional deficits. OBJECTIVE: Determine the relationships of isometric hip strength and hip passive range of motion (PROM) with functional performance measures...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601786/physical-performance-of-elite-and-subelite-spanish-female-futsal-players
#10
D J Ramos-Campo, J A Rubio-Arias, M Carrasco-Poyatos, P E Alcaraz
The aim of this study was to determine the parameters distinguishing top female futsal players from lower level players. Twenty-seven female futsal players participated in the study, composed of professional first division (elite; n = 15) players and semi-professional second division players (sub-elite; n = 14). Active and passive straight leg raise tests, isokinetic strength of the knee extensor and flexor muscles at 60° · s(-1) angular velocity, squat and counter movement jumps, 30 m sprint, 30 m agility, repeated sprint ability test and maximum ball speed during shooting were measured...
September 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592289/echocardiography-as-a-guide-for-fluid-management
#11
REVIEW
John H Boyd, Demetrios Sirounis, Julien Maizel, Michel Slama
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients at risk for organ failure, the administration of intravenous fluids has equal chances of resulting in benefit or harm. While the intent of intravenous fluid is to increase cardiac output and oxygen delivery, unwelcome results in those patients who do not increase their cardiac output are tissue edema, hypoxemia, and excess mortality. Here we briefly review bedside methods to assess fluid responsiveness, focusing upon the strengths and pitfalls of echocardiography in spontaneously breathing mechanically ventilated patients as a means to guide fluid management...
September 4, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590048/the-assessment-of-circulating-volume-using-inferior-vena-cava-collapse-index-and-carotid-doppler-velocity-time-integral-in-healthy-volunteers-a-pilot-study
#12
Tom Peachey, Andrew Tang, Elinor C Baker, Jason Pott, Yonathan Freund, Tim Harris
BACKGROUND: Assessment of circulating volume and the requirement for fluid replacement are fundamental to resuscitation but remain largely empirical. Passive leg raise (PLR) may determine fluid responders while avoiding potential fluid overload. We hypothesised that inferior vena cava collapse index (IVCCI) and carotid artery blood flow would change predictably in response to PLR, potentially providing a non-invasive tool to assess circulating volume and identifying fluid responsive patients...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504619/normal-multiplanar-movement-of-the-spinal-cord-during-unilateral-and-bilateral-straight-leg-raise-quantification-mechanisms-and-overview
#13
Marinko Rade, Michael Shacklock, Mervi Könönen, Jarkko Marttila, Ritva Vanninen, Markku Kankaanpää, Olavi Airaksinen
The purpose of this investigation was to provide a full set of normal data describing neural biomechanics within the vertebral canal in all three planes with unilateral and bilateral SLR tests to allow for clinical comparison with clinical cases. This is done following the notion that, due to neural continuum, tensile forces are transmitted through the lumbosacral nerve roots and dura to the conus medullaris (linear dependency principle). In this controlled radiologic study 10 asymptomatic volunteers were scanned with 1...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478966/assessment-of-adequacy-of-volume-resuscitation
#14
John H Boyd, Demetrios Sirounis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It has recently become evident that administration of intravenous fluids following initial resuscitation has a greater probability of producing tissue edema and hypoxemia than of increasing oxygen delivery. Therefore, it is essential to have a rational approach to assess the adequacy of volume resuscitation. Here we review passive leg raising (PLR) and respiratory variation in hemodynamics to assess fluid responsiveness. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of ultrasound enhances the clinician's ability to detect and predict fluid responsiveness, whereas enthusiasm for this modality must be tempered by recent evidence that it is only reliable in apneic patients...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472859/acute-effect-of-different-time-periods-of-passive-static-stretching-on-the-hamstring-flexibility
#15
Anelize Cini, Gabriela Souza de Vasconcelos, Claudia Silveira Lima
BACKGROUND: Several factors are associated with the presence of chronic low back pain; one of them is the flexibility of the hamstring muscles that influences the posture of the pelvic spine. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the influence of two different time periods of passive static stretching on the flexibility of the hamstring. METHODS: Forty-six physiotherapy students were divided into two groups performing stretching exercises: 30 s and 60 s duration...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458757/influence-of-static-stretching-on-hamstring-flexibility-in-healthy-young-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Diulian M Medeiros, Anelize Cini, Graciele Sbruzzi, Cláudia S Lima
The aim of the current study was to investigate the influence of static stretching on hamstring flexibility in healthy young adults by means of systematic review and meta-analysis. The search strategy included MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE, LILACS, and manual search from inception to June 2015. Randomized and controlled clinical trials studies that have compared static stretching to control group, and evaluated range of motion (ROM), were included. On the other hand, studies that have worked with special population such as children, elderly people, athletes, and people with any dysfunction/disease were excluded, as well as articles that have used contralateral leg as control group or have not performed static stretching...
August 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450672/radiographic-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-one-leg-standing-and-gait-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-secondary-hip-osteoarthritis
#17
Hiroshige Tateuchi, Yumiko Koyama, Haruhiko Akiyama, Koji Goto, Kazutaka So, Yutaka Kuroda, Noriaki Ichihashi
A decline in physical function associated with secondary hip osteoarthritis (OA) may be caused by both radiographic and clinical factors; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine how joint degeneration, hip morphology, pain, hip range of motion (ROM), and hip muscle strength relate to one-leg standing (OLS) and gait in patients with mild-to-moderate secondary hip osteoarthritis. Fifty-five female patients (ages 22-65 years) with mild-to-moderate hip OA secondary to hip dysplasia were consecutively enrolled...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443327/associations-between-functional-and-isolated-performance-measures-in-collegiate-women-s-soccer-players
#18
Ryan S McCann, Kyle B Kosik, Masafumi Terada, Megan Q Beard, Gretchen E Buskirk, Phillip A Gribble
CONTEXT: The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and Functional Movement Screen (FMS) are functional performance measures capable of predicting lower extremity injury risk. While suboptimal SEBT and FMS performances are influenced by multiple factors, the contribution of hip strength and flexibility to these tests is mostly unknown. Examination of hip strength and flexibility influences on the SEBT and FMS may direct clinicians to better methods of correcting functional deficits. OBJECTIVE: Determine the relationships of isometric hip strength and hip passive range of motion (PROM) with functional performance measures...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428358/neuromuscular-strain-increases-symptom-intensity-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#19
Peter C Rowe, Kevin R Fontaine, Megan Lauver, Samantha E Jasion, Colleen L Marden, Malini Moni, Carol B Thompson, Richard L Violand
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a complex, multisystem disorder that can be disabling. CFS symptoms can be provoked by increased physical or cognitive activity, and by orthostatic stress. In preliminary work, we noted that CFS symptoms also could be provoked by application of longitudinal neural and soft tissue strain to the limbs and spine of affected individuals. In this study we measured the responses to a straight leg raise neuromuscular strain maneuver in individuals with CFS and healthy controls. We randomly assigned 60 individuals with CFS and 20 healthy controls to either a 15 minute period of passive supine straight leg raise (true neuromuscular strain) or a sham straight leg raise...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428139/assessing-the-effects-of-passive-leg-raising-fast-not-furious
#20
Karim Lakhal, Stephan Ehrmann, Thierry Boulain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
63734
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"