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Xuexiao Cao, Yanan Liu, Meng Wang, Lili Sun, Xiaoliang Ren
In this study, the appearance and texture of E. rutaecarpa were linked with the chemical constituents to explore methods of classification of E. rutaecarpa. The Chemometrics such as Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) models were used for analysis. According to the models, samples of E. rutaecarpa were divided into three categories based on their source: Evodia, Stone Tiger and Sparse Evodia. The Evodia category could be subdivided into two categories, one representing large fruits with a greater degree of cracking and the other representing large fruits with little or no cracking...
June 11, 2018: Natural Product Research
Yongfeng Zhang, Jiaqi Wang, Chunyue Wang, Zhiping Li, Xin Liu, Jun Zhang, Jiahui Lu, Di Wang
Evodiamine (Evo), a major alkaloid compound isolated from the dry unripened fruit of Evodia fructus, has a wide range of pharmacological activities. The present study sought to explore the neuroprotective effects of Evo in l-glutamate (l-Glu)-induced apoptosis of HT22 cells, and in a d-galactose and aluminum trichloride-developed Alzheimer’s disease (AD) mouse model. Evo significantly enhanced cell viability, inhibited the accumulation of reactive oxygen species, ameliorated mitochondrial function, increased the B-cell lymphoma-2 protein content, and inhibited the high expression levels of Bax, Bad, and cleaved-caspase-3 and -8 in l-Glu-induced HT22 cells...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ya-Qi Tang, Yi-Qiu Li, Yi-Bo Xie, Jun-Sheng Zhang, Wei Li, Lan-Lan Lou, Ge Zhang, Sheng Yin
Two polyprenylated acylcyclopentanone racemates, evodialones A (1) and B (2), featuring a 3-ethyl-1,1-diisopentyl-4-methylcyclopentane skeleton, were isolated from an extract of the aerial parts of Evodia lepta. Evodialone A (1) was resolved by chiral-phase HPLC to afford a pair of enantiomers, (+)- and (-)-evodialones A (1b/1a), while evodialone B (2) could not be resolved. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and a combination of computational techniques including gauge-independent atomic orbital calculation of 1D NMR data and experimental and TDDFT-calculated ECD spectra...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Natural Products
Dongmei Wang, Chenying Wang, Ling Liu, Sanqiang Li
Evodiamine, a major component of  Evodia rutaecarpa , has been reported to possess various pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidative stress, and neuroprotective effects. Our previous study has shown that the potential effects of evodiamine on the learning and memory impairments in the transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The present study was designed to investigate neuroprotective mechanism and therapeutic potential of evodiamine against intracerebroventricular streptozotocin (ICV-STZ)-induced experimental sporadic Alzheimer's disease in mice...
June 2018: Cognitive Neurodynamics
Eunsook Park, Mee-Young Lee, Chang-Seob Seo, Ji-Hye Jang, Yong-Ung Kim, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin
The dried fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa Bentham have been used widely as a herbal medicine for the treatment of inflammatory disorders and abdominal pain. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a nonmalignant disease characterized by overgrowth of prostates. Despite the pharmacological efficacy of the fruits of E. rutaecarpa against various diseases, their effects against BPH have not been reported. Here, we investigated the inhibitory activity of a 70% ethanol extract of E. rutaecarpa (EEER) against BPH, and its underlying mechanisms regarding cell growth of BPH using BPH-1 cells...
April 22, 2018: Nutrients
Yutaka Fukuma, Eiko Sakai, Shunsuke Komaki, Kazuhisa Nishishita, Kuniaki Okamoto, Takayuki Tsukuba
Rutaecarpine is a major alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa. Here, we investigated the effects of rutaecarpine on osteoclast differentiation induced by macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand (RANKL) in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs). Treatment with rutaecarpine significantly inhibited osteoclastogenesis and prevented bone resorption of BMM-derived osteoclasts. Mechanistically, rutaecarpine decreased the protein level of nuclear factor of activated T cells cytoplasmic-1 (NFATc1) and the phosphorylation of other signaling pathways during the osteoclast differentiation...
March 27, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Zeyun Wang, Seiji Kanda, Takaki Shimono, Dambajamts Enkh-Undraa, Toshimasa Nishiyama
BACKGROUND: Japanese herbal medicines can be used as alternatives to estrogen therapy and are sometimes prescribed for menopausal syndrome because they have fewer side effects and are associated with better compliance than estrogen therapy, but little is known about the pharmacological mechanisms of such treatments. This study aimed to explore the mechanisms responsible for the estrogen-like effects of five widely prescribed Japanese herbal medicines (unkeito, kamishoyosan, nyoshinsan, keishibukuryogan, and tokishakuyakusan)...
March 23, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Zhaowei Zhang, Tianzi Fang, Hongyun Zhou, Jie Yuan, Qingwang Liu
Evodiamine is an indoloquinazoline alkaloid isolated from the fruit of Evodia rutaecarpa , which has a wide range of pharmacological effects like anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory effects. This study was intended to investigate the metabolic characteristics of evodiamine in human liver microsomes and hepatocytes by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a Q Exactive mass spectrometer. A total of 12 phase I metabolites were detected in human liver microsomes; whereas in human hepatocytes 19 metabolites, including seven phase II metabolites were detected...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Miranda R Crealey, Louise Bowden, Evodia Ludusan, Muhammad Pathan, Brian Kenny, Ailish Hannigan, Roy K Philip
OBJECTIVE: To audit the demand and radiation exposure of conventional radiography in a regional neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Ireland. METHODS: A retrospective study of radiographs performed on all admissions to the NICU in University Maternity Hospital Limerick (UMHL) over 2 years. RESULTS: A total of 1405 radiographs were performed on 506 infants. 153.5 radiographs per 1000 live births was the observed demand and 44% of radiographs were done out of hours...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Igor Baburin, Rosanne Varkevisser, Anja Schramm, Priyanka Saxena, Stanislav Beyl, Phillip Szkokan, Tobias Linder, Anna Stary-Weinzinger, Marcel A G van der Heyden, Marien Houtman, Hiroki Takanari, Malin Jonsson, Jet H D Beekman, Matthias Hamburger, Marc A Vos, Steffen Hering
Evodiae fructus is a widely used herbal drug in traditional Chinese medicine. Evodia extract was found to inhibit hERG channels. The aim of the current study was to identify hERG inhibitors in Evodia extract and to investigate their potential proarrhythmic effects. Dehydroevodiamine (DHE) and hortiamine were identified as IKr (rapid delayed rectifier current) inhibitors in Evodia extract by HPLC-microfractionation and subsequent patch clamp studies on human embryonic kidney cells. DHE and hortiamine inhibited IKr with IC50 s of 253...
May 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Xiu-Li Su, Shu Xu, Yu Shan, Min Yin, Yu Chen, Xu Feng, Qi-Zhi Wang
In this research, we investigated the profile and bioactivities of quinazoline alkaloids, a class of natural products boasting multiple bioactivities, from the unripe fruit of Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth. Three new quinazoline alkaloids, evodiamide A (1), evodiamide B (2), and evodiamide C (3), as well as eight known quinazolines, were isolated from the MeOH extract of E. rutaecarpa. The new compounds are rare quinazolinedione derivatives with linked heterocyclic nuclei. Among these quinazolines, rhetsinine (8) showed potential as a pesticide and exhibited excellent inhibition against Xanthomonas oryzae pv...
February 14, 2018: Fitoterapia
Yong-Hyun Ko, Kyu-Yeon Shim, Seok-Yong Lee, Choon-Gon Jang
Worldwide, caffeine is among the most commonly used stimulatory substances. Unfortunately, significant caffeine consumption is associated with several adverse effects, ranging from sleep disturbances (including insomnia) to cardiovascular problems. This study investigates whether treatment with the Evodia rutaecarpa aqueous extract (ERAE) from berries and its major molecular component, evodiamine, can reduce the adverse caffeine-induced sleep-related and excitation effects. We combined measurements from the pentobarbital-induced sleep test, the open field test, and the locomotor activity test in mice that had been dosed with caffeine...
January 9, 2018: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Xiao-Rui Fan, Zi-Han Liu, Wei-Hong Feng, Xiao-Qian Liu, Chun-Rong Xiao, Li-Xin Yang, Zhi-Min Wang, Chun Li
An UPLC method was developed for the studies of fingerprint and quantification of multi-components for Evodiae Fructus. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C₁₈ column (2.1 mm×50 mm,1.7 μm) with mobile phase of 0.2% formic acid-acetonitrile and 0.2% formic acid-water in gradient mode, and the detection wavelength was set at 320 nm.Dehydroevodiamine was used as the reference peak, there were 24 common peaks in the fingerprint of 29 samples were detected, and among them 10 chromatographic peaks were identified with the reference substance and they were neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, hyperin, isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-rutinoside, dehydroevodiamine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, evocarpine and dihydroevocarpine...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Xin Zhou, Fengying Ren, Hong Wei, Liyun Liu, Tao Shen, Shijun Xu, Jiangping Wei, Jiayue Ren, Hengfan Ni
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia characterized of elevated serum lipid levels is a prevalent disease frequently resulting in cardiovascular disease (CVD). Berberine and evodiamine are herbal products of traditional Chinese herb Coptis chinensis and Evodia rutaecarpa, which are indicated to exert regulation of lipid metabolism. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the lipid-lowering effect of berberine and evodiamine combination in hyperlipidemic rats. METHOD: The rat model of hyperlipidemia was established by providing high-fat-diet (HFD) for 4 weeks...
December 11, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
Jianping Wu, Weixin Zhang, Yuanhu Shao, Shenglei Fu
Earthworms and plants greatly affect belowground properties; however, their combined effects are more attractive based on the ecosystem scale in the field condition. To address this point, we manipulated earthworms (exotic endogeic species Pontoscolex corethrurus ) and plants (living plants [native tree species Evodia lepta ] and artificial plants) to investigate their combined effects on soil microorganisms, soil nutrients, and soil respiration in a subtropical forest. The manipulation of artificial plants aimed to simulate the physical effects of plants (e...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Shan-Shan Liu, Yun-Tao Dai, Feng Sui, Liang-Mian Chen, Li-Hua Yan, Qi-Wei Zhang, Zhi-Min Wang
Two new flavonol glycosides, limocitrin 3-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (1) and limocitrin 3-O[2-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-6-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl]-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), together with eight known analogs (3-10), were isolated from the fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and chemical evidences. Meanwhile, Nrf2 inducing abilities of seven isolated compounds were evaluated, and compounds 1, 2, 6, 7, and 8 exhibited moderate effect on Nrf2...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Xiao-Long Yuan, Peng Zhang, Xin-Min Liu, Yong-Mei Du, Xiao-Dong Hou, Sen Cheng, Zhong-Feng Zhang
Chinese medicines are an important source of secondary metabolites with excellent antitumour activity. Evodia rutaecarpa, from the family Rutaceae, exhibits antitumour activity. Evodiamine (EVO), which was isolated from the fruit of E. rutaecarpa, exhibits robust antitumour activity. However, the antitumour mechanism of EVO remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the growth-inhibiting effect of EVO on two renal carcinoma cell lines. We found that EVO could change the morphology and decrease the viability and proliferation of cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner in vitro...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xian-Rong Lai, Bang-Hua Zhou, Ming-Sheng Du, Hai-Jie Zheng, Zhi-Peng Geng, Jia-Chuan Li, Xian-Li Meng, Yi Zhang, Jing Zhang
To establish a method for determining the contents of six alkaloids (jatrorrhizine hydrochloride, columbamine hydrochloride, epiberberine hydrochloride, coptisine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride, berberine hydrochloride) in six types of Coptidis Rhizoma pieces (crude pieces, ginger juice stir-fried pieces, vinegar stir-fried pieces, wine steamed pieces, wine stir-fried pieces, evodiae juice stir-fried pieces) by RP-HPLC, and explore the relationship with the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and pharmacodynamics results...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Dongmei Yang, Li Li, Shanjun Qian, Lixin Liu
Liver fibrosis is considered to be a result of chronic liver pathological changes, and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play an important role during this process. Evodiamine, an indole alkaloid derived from Evodia rutaecarpa, exhibits pharmacological activities. This study focused on the effects of evodiamine on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 )-induced liver fibrosis in rats and HSCs in vitro via the TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway. A liver fibrosis rat model was established by the intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 (3 ml/kg, 30% in olive oil)...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Zoltán Oláh, Dóra Rédei, László Pecze, Csaba Vizler, Katalin Jósvay, Péter Forgó, Zoltán Winter, György Dombi, Gerda Szakonyi, Judit Hohmann
BACKGROUND: Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) confers noxious heat and inflammatory pain signals in the peripheral nervous system. Clinical trial of resiniferatoxin from Euphorbia species is successfully aimed at TRPV1 in cancer pain management and heading toward new selective painkiller status that further validates this target for drug discovery efforts. Evodia species, used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years, are a recognised source of different TRPV1 agonists, but no antagonist has yet been reported...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
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