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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152171/plant-facilitated-effects-of-exotic-earthworm-pontoscolex-corethrurus-on-the-soil-carbon-and-nitrogen-dynamics-and-soil-microbial-community-in-a-subtropical-field-ecosystem
#1
Jianping Wu, Weixin Zhang, Yuanhu Shao, Shenglei Fu
Earthworms and plants greatly affect belowground properties; however, their combined effects are more attractive based on the ecosystem scale in the field condition. To address this point, we manipulated earthworms (exotic endogeic species Pontoscolex corethrurus) and plants (living plants [native tree species Evodia lepta] and artificial plants) to investigate their combined effects on soil microorganisms, soil nutrients, and soil respiration in a subtropical forest. The manipulation of artificial plants aimed to simulate the physical effects of plants (e...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110534/flavonol-glycosides-from-the-fruits-of-evodia-rutaecarpa
#2
Shan-Shan Liu, Yun-Tao Dai, Feng Sui, Liang-Mian Chen, Li-Hua Yan, Qi-Wei Zhang, Zhi-Min Wang
Two new flavonol glycosides, limocitrin 3-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (1) and limocitrin 3-O[2-O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-6-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl]-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), together with eight known analogs (3-10), were isolated from the fruits of Evodia rutaecarpa. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and chemical evidences. Meanwhile, Nrf2 inducing abilities of seven isolated compounds were evaluated, and compounds 1, 2, 6, 7, and 8 exhibited moderate effect on Nrf2...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974748/cytological-assessments-and-transcriptome-profiling-demonstrate-that-evodiamine-inhibits-growth-and-induces-apoptosis-in-a-renal-carcinoma-cell-line
#3
Xiao-Long Yuan, Peng Zhang, Xin-Min Liu, Yong-Mei Du, Xiao-Dong Hou, Sen Cheng, Zhong-Feng Zhang
Chinese medicines are an important source of secondary metabolites with excellent antitumour activity. Evodia rutaecarpa, from the family Rutaceae, exhibits antitumour activity. Evodiamine (EVO), which was isolated from the fruit of E. rutaecarpa, exhibits robust antitumour activity. However, the antitumour mechanism of EVO remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the growth-inhibiting effect of EVO on two renal carcinoma cell lines. We found that EVO could change the morphology and decrease the viability and proliferation of cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner in vitro...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936841/-determination-of-six-alkaloids-in-six-types-of-coptidis-rhizoma-pieces-by-rp-hplc-and-spectrum-effect-relationships-with-anti-diabetes-pharmacodynamics-data
#4
Xian-Rong Lai, Bang-Hua Zhou, Ming-Sheng Du, Hai-Jie Zheng, Zhi-Peng Geng, Jia-Chuan Li, Xian-Li Meng, Yi Zhang, Jing Zhang
To establish a method for determining the contents of six alkaloids (jatrorrhizine hydrochloride, columbamine hydrochloride, epiberberine hydrochloride, coptisine hydrochloride, palmatine hydrochloride, berberine hydrochloride) in six types of Coptidis Rhizoma pieces (crude pieces, ginger juice stir-fried pieces, vinegar stir-fried pieces, wine steamed pieces, wine stir-fried pieces, evodiae juice stir-fried pieces) by RP-HPLC, and explore the relationship with the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and pharmacodynamics results...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936800/evodiamine-ameliorates-liver-fibrosis-in-rats-via-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad-signaling-pathway
#5
Dongmei Yang, Li Li, Shanjun Qian, Lixin Liu
Liver fibrosis is considered to be a result of chronic liver pathological changes, and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play an important role during this process. Evodiamine, an indole alkaloid derived from Evodia rutaecarpa, exhibits pharmacological activities. This study focused on the effects of evodiamine on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver fibrosis in rats and HSCs in vitro via the TGF-β1/Smad signaling pathway. A liver fibrosis rat model was established by the intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 (3 ml/kg, 30% in olive oil)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899508/pellitorine-an-extract-of-tetradium-daniellii-is-an-antagonist-of-the-ion-channel-trpv1
#6
Zoltán Oláh, Dóra Rédei, László Pecze, Csaba Vizler, Katalin Jósvay, Péter Forgó, Zoltán Winter, György Dombi, Gerda Szakonyi, Judit Hohmann
BACKGROUND: Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) confers noxious heat and inflammatory pain signals in the peripheral nervous system. Clinical trial of resiniferatoxin from Euphorbia species is successfully aimed at TRPV1 in cancer pain management and heading toward new selective painkiller status that further validates this target for drug discovery efforts. Evodia species, used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years, are a recognised source of different TRPV1 agonists, but no antagonist has yet been reported...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799086/phase-i-and-phase-ii-metabolite-identification-of-rutaecarpine-in-freshly-isolated-hepatocytes-from-male-sprague-dawley-rats
#7
Dong Wook Lee, Youra Kang, Mi Jeong Kang, Keumhan Noh, Ju Hyun Kim, Mahesh R Nepal, Rajina Shakya, Yu-Jeong Lee, Yurngdong Jahng, Sangkyu Lee, Jung-Ae Kim, Tae Cheon Jeong
Rutaecarpine, an alkaloid originally isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa, has been used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in Asia. In the present study, the phase I and phase II metabolites of rutaecarpine were investigated in freshly isolated hepatocytes from male Sprague-Dawley rats. The individual metabolites were characterized via liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The incubation of rutaecarpine with freshly isolated hepatocytes for 2 h yielded five major phase I metabolites. In addition, three glucuronide conjugates and four sulfate conjugates were observed...
August 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754119/effect-of-a-herbal-extract-powder-yy-312-from-imperata-cylindrica-beauvois-citrus-unshiu-markovich-and-evodia-officinalis-dode-on-body-fat-mass-in-overweight-adults-a-12-week-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-group-clinical-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Young-Gyu Cho, Ji-Hye Jung, Jae-Heon Kang, Jin Soo Kwon, Seung Pil Yu, Tae Gon Baik
BACKGROUND: YY-312 is a herbal extract powder from Imperata cylindrica Beauvois, Citrus unshiu Markovich, and Evodia officinalis Dode, which have health promoting effects, including body fat reduction. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of YY-312 for body fat reduction in overweight adults. METHODS: This was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial performed in overweight Korean adults aged 19-60 years with a body mass index of 25...
July 28, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708106/evodiamine-exerts-an-anti-hepatocellular-carcinoma-activity-through-a-wwox-dependent-pathway
#9
Che-Yuan Hu, Hung-Tsung Wu, Yu-Chu Su, Ching-Han Lin, Chih-Jen Chang, Chao-Liang Wu
Evodiamine is one of the main components isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa, and it has been reported to exert inhibitory effects on cancers by anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing activities. Although the anti-cancer activity of evodiamine has been identified, the precise mechanisms of this action remain obscure. While previous studies indicated that evodiamine exerts anti-tumor effects through inhibiting β-catenin activity, and WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) regulates β-catenin accumulation in cytoplasm, the effects of evodiamine on the expression of WWOX are still unknown...
July 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706729/a-retrospective-review-of-the-pediatric-development-clinic-implementation-a-model-to-improve-medical-nutritional-and-developmental-outcomes-of-at-risk-under-five-children-in-rural-rwanda
#10
Eric Ngabireyimana, Christine Mutaganzwa, Catherine M Kirk, Ann C Miller, Kim Wilson, Evodia Dushimimana, Olivier Bigirumwami, Evelyne S Mukakabano, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Hema Magge
BACKGROUND: As more high-risk newborns survive the neonatal period, they remain at significant medical, nutritional, and developmental risk. However, no follow-up system for early intervention exists in most developing countries. In 2014, a novel Pediatric Development Clinic (PDC) was implemented to provide comprehensive follow-up to at-risk under-five children, led by nurses and social workers in a district hospital and surrounding health centers in rural Rwanda. METHODS: At each PDC visit, children undergo clinical/nutritional assessment and caregivers participate in counseling sessions...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598372/evaluation-of-the-cardiotoxicity-of-evodiamine-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#11
Weifeng Yang, Lina Ma, Sidi Li, Kaiyu Cui, Lei Lei, Zuguang Ye
Evodiamine is a bioactive alkaloid that is specified as a biomarker for the quality assessment of Evodia rutaecarpa (E. rutaecarpa) and for traditional Chinese medicines containing this plant. We previously reported that quantitative structure-activity modeling indicated that evodiamine may cause cardiotoxicity. However, previous investigations have indicated that evodiamine has beneficial effects in patients with cardiovascular diseases and there are no previous in vitro or in vivo reports of evodiamine-induced cardiotoxicity...
June 9, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585169/evaluating-fermentation-characteristics-of-kazachstania-spp-and-their-potential-influence-on-wine-quality
#12
Illse Jood, Justin Wallace Hoff, Mathabatha Evodia Setati
The current study is the first one to demonstrate the wine fermentation potential of members of several species of the genus Kazachstania including strains derived from grape must. The fermentation characteristics were evaluated in synthetic grape juice medium and in Sauvignon blanc. Our data show that none of the species evaluated could ferment to dryness in monoculture fermentations. However, at least 75% of the sugar was consumed before the fermentations got stuck. In mixed-culture fermentations with Saccharomyces cerevisiae diverse aroma profiles were evident especially in Sauvignon blanc fermentations...
July 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514905/evodiamine-prevents-glioma-growth-induces-glioblastoma-cell-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest-through-jnk-activation
#13
Wen-Shin Wu, Chih-Chiang Chien, Kao-Hui Liu, Yen-Chou Chen, Wen-Ta Chiu
Evodiamine (EVO) is an active medicinal compound derived from the traditional herbal medicine Evodia rutaecarpa. It has been reported that evodiamine has several beneficial biological properties, including anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the in vitro and in vivo anticancer activities of EVO against the growth of glioblastoma cells remain undefined. EVO induced significant decreases in the viability of U87 and C6 glioma cells, but not of primary astrocytes, according with the occurrence of apoptotic characteristics including DNA ladders, caspase-3 and poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein cleavage, and hypodiploid cells...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422079/synthetic-fluororutaecarpine-inhibits-inflammatory-stimuli-and-activates-endothelial-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-type-1
#14
Chi-Ming Lee, Jiun-An Gu, Tin-Gan Rau, Chi Wang, Chiao-Han Yen, Shih-Hao Huang, Feng-Yen Lin, Chun-Mao Lin, Sheng-Tung Huang
The natural product, rutaecarpine (RUT), is the main effective component of Evodia rutaecarpa which is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine. It has vasodilation, anticoagulation, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, further therapeutic applications are limited by its cytotoxicity. Thus, a derivative of RUT, 10-fluoro-2-methoxyrutaecarpine (F-RUT), was designed and synthesized that showed no cytotoxicity toward RAW264.7 macrophages at 20 μM. In an anti-inflammation experiment, it inhibited the production of nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264...
April 19, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411241/2-alkylquinolone-alkaloid-biosynthesis-in-the-medicinal-plant-evodia-rutaecarpa-involves-collaboration-of-two-novel-type-iii-polyketide-synthases
#15
Takashi Matsui, Takeshi Kodama, Takahiro Mori, Tetsuhiro Tadakoshi, Hiroshi Noguchi, Ikuro Abe, Hiroyuki Morita
2-Alkylquinolone (2AQ) alkaloids are pharmaceutically and biologically important natural products produced by both bacteria and plants, with a wide range of biological effects, including antibacterial, cytotoxic, anticholinesterase, and quorum-sensing signaling activities. These diverse activities and 2AQ occurrence in vastly different phyla have raised much interest in the biosynthesis pathways leading to their production. Previous studies in plants have suggested that type III polyketide synthases (PKSs) might be involved in 2AQ biosynthesis, but this hypothesis is untested...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356098/bitterness-and-antibacterial-activities-of-constituents-from-evodia-rutaecarpa
#16
Xiaoguang Liang, Bo Li, Fei Wu, Tingzhao Li, Youjie Wang, Qiang Ma, Shuang Liang
BACKGROUND: Bitter herbs are important in Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Electronic Tongue (e-Tongue) is an instrument that can be trained to evaluate bitterness of bitter herbs and their constituents. The aim of this research was to evaluate bitterness of limonoids and alkaloids from Evodia rutaecarpa to demonstrate that they are main bitter material basic of E. rutaecarpa. METHODS: Nine compounds, including limonoids, indoloquinazoline alkaloids and quinolone alkaloids, were isolated, identified and analyzed by the e-Tongue...
March 29, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337636/evodiamine-inhibits-zymosan-induced-inflammation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-inactivation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-by-inhibiting-i%C3%AE%C2%BAb%C3%AE-phosphorylation
#17
Xia Fan, Jun-Yu Zhu, Yu Sun, Li Luo, Jun Yan, Xue Yang, Jing Yu, Wan-Qi Tang, Wei Ma, Hua-Ping Liang
Evodiamine (EVO), an important alkaloidal component extracted from the fruit of Evodiae fructus, has been known to possess anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and other therapeutic capabilities. In the present study, the effects of EVO on zymosan-induced inflammation and its underlying mechanism were investigated both in vitro and in vivo. Our results showed that EVO effectively suppressed both protein and mRNA expression of interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in vitro...
June 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314276/evodiamine-induces-cell-growth-arrest-apoptosis-and-suppresses-tumorigenesis-in-human-urothelial-cell-carcinoma-cells
#18
Chung-Sheng Shi, Jhy-Ming Li, Chih-Chien Chin, Yi-Hung Kuo, Ying-Ray Lee, Yun-Ching Huang
BACKGROUND/AIM: Evodiamine, an indole alkaloid derived from Evodia rutaecarpa, exhibits pharmacological activities including vasodilatation, analgesia, anti-cardiovascular disease, anti-Alzheimer's disease, anti-inflammation, and anti-tumor activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzes the anti-tumor effects of evodiamine on cellular growth, tumorigenesis, cell cycle and apoptosis induction of human urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) cells. RESULTS: The present study showed that evodiamine significantly inhibited the proliferation of UCC cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219365/exploration-of-anti-cancer-effects-and-mechanisms-of-zuo-jin-wan-and-its-alkaloid-components-in-vitro-and-in-orthotopic-hepg2-xenograft-immunocompetent-mice
#19
Shun-Ting Chou, Chien-Yun Hsiang, Hsin-Yi Lo, Hui-Fen Huang, Ming-Tsung Lai, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Su-Yin Chiang, Tin-Yun Ho
BACKGROUND: Zuo-Jin-Wan (ZJW), a two-herb formula consisting of Coptis chinensis (CC) and Evodia rutaecarpa (ER), is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cancers. However, the efficacies and mechanisms of ZJW and its alkaloid components on cancers are still unclear. METHODS: Here we investigated the anti-cancer effects and mechanisms of ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine in cells and in intrahepatic xenograft mice. RESULTS: Treatment of HepG2 cells with ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine significantly displayed cytotoxic effects in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
February 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154330/analgesic-effects-and-side-effects-of-ephedra-herb-extract-and-ephedrine-alkaloids-free-ephedra-herb-extract
#20
REVIEW
Yoshinori Kobayashi
Ephedra Herb is classified "pungent, slightly bitter, and warm" in tastes and natures, and is used to provide warmth to the body, dispel coldness, remove dampness, and reduce pain. Similar herbs are "pungent and hot" chili peppers, "pungent and hot" evodia fruit," "pungent and warm" ginger, "pungent and hot" processed ginger, "pungent and hot" Zanthoxylum fruit, etc. These herbs are prescribed to provide heat to the outer or inner body. Some pungent components such as capsaicin, evodiamine, gingerol, and shogaol are known to be activators of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1)...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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