keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fetal nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234596/exploring-the-multiple-hit-hypothesis-of-preterm-white-matter-damage-using-diffusion-mri
#1
Madeleine L Barnett, Nora Tusor, Gareth Ball, Andrew Chew, Shona Falconer, Paul Aljabar, Jessica A Kimpton, Nigel Kennea, Mary Rutherford, A David Edwards, Serena J Counsell
Background: Preterm infants are at high risk of diffuse white matter injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. The multiple hit hypothesis suggests that the risk of white matter injury increases with cumulative exposure to multiple perinatal risk factors. Our aim was to test this hypothesis in a large cohort of preterm infants using diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). Methods: We studied 491 infants (52% male) without focal destructive brain lesions born at < 34 weeks, who underwent structural and dMRI at a specialist Neonatal Imaging Centre...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226590/dheas-patterning-across-childhood-in-three-sub-saharan-populations-associations-with-age-sex-ethnicity-and-cortisol
#2
Courtney Helfrecht, Edward H Hagen, David DeAvila, Robin M Bernstein, Samuel J Dira, Courtney L Meehan
OBJECTIVES: Hormones have many roles in human ontogeny, including the timing of life history 'switch points' across development. Limited hormonal data exist from non-Western children, leaving a significant gap in our understanding of the diversity of life history patterning. This cross-sectional study examines dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) production in relation to age, sex, ethnicity, and cortisol concentrations, as well as average age of adrenarche, among Aka and Ngandu children of the Central African Republic and Sidama children of Ethiopia...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225661/maternal-nutritional-status-during-pregnancy-and-infant-immune-response-to-routine-childhood-vaccinations
#3
REVIEW
Olayinka Obanewa, Marie-Louise Newell
To systematically review the association between maternal nutritional status in pregnancy and infant immune response to childhood vaccines. We reviewed literature on maternal nutrition during pregnancy, fetal immune system and vaccines and possible relationships. Thereafter, we undertook a systematic review of the literature of maternal nutritional status and infant vaccine response, extracted relevant information, assessed quality of the nine papers identified and present findings in a narrative format. From limited evidence of average quality, intrauterine nutrition deficiency could lead to functional deficit in the infant's immune function; child vaccine response may thus be negatively affected by maternal malnutrition...
September 2017: Future Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223041/understanding-motivations-for-dietary-supplementation-during-pregnancy-a-focus-group-study
#4
Lenka Malek PhD, Wendy J Umberger PhD, Maria Makrides PhD, Carmel T Collins PhD, Shao Jia Zhou PhD
OBJECTIVE: to increase understanding of psychosocial factors (behavioural, normative and control beliefs) motivating vitamin and mineral supplement use during pregnancy. DESIGN: ten focus group discussions and two in-depth interviews were conducted using a script comprising questions based on study objectives. All discussions were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a framework approach. SETTING: South Australia, Australia. SUBJECTS: 40 women aged 21-45 years who were either pregnant or<12 months postpartum...
November 26, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217485/developmental-origins-of-adult-health-and-disease-the-metabolic-role-of-bdnf-from-early-life-to-adulthood
#5
REVIEW
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Accumulating evidence suggests that the origins of adult disease may occur during fetal life. Thus, the concept of "developmental programming" has been introduced and supported by epidemiological and experimental data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could interfere in metabolism control. The mechanisms responsible for this "developmental programming" remain poorly documented. Current research indicates that neurotrophins and particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a crucial role in this process...
December 4, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207479/growth-and-bone-mineralization-of-very-preterm-infants-at-term-corrected-age-in-relation-to-different-nutritional-intakes-in-the-early-postnatal-period
#6
Michelle N Körnmann, Viola Christmann, Charlotte J W Gradussen, Laura Rodwell, Martin Gotthardt, Johannes B Van Goudoever, Arno F J Van Heijst
Preterm infants often have a reduced bone mineral content (BMC) with increased risk of metabolic bone disease. After birth it is difficult to supply calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) comparable to the high fetal accretion rate. It is not known whether high supplementation of minerals in the early postnatal period improves growth and bone mineralization. The aim of this study was to evaluate growth and bone mineralization at term corrected age (TCA) in very and extremely preterm infants who received different enteral Ca and P intakes during the first 10 days of life...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200724/bioassay-guided-isolation-of-neuroprotective-fatty-acids-from-nigella-sativa-against-1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium-induced-neurotoxicity
#7
Leila Hosseinzadeh, Hoda Monaghash, Farahnaz Ahmadi, Nastaran Ghiasvand, Yalda Shokoohinia
Objective: Parkinson's disease, a slowly progressive neurological disease, is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine. The main aspects of researches are the protection of normal neurons against degeneration. Fatty acids (FAs), the key structural elements of dietary lipids, are carboxylic straight chains and notable parameters in nutritional and industrial usefulness of a plant. Materials and Methods: Black cumin, a popular anti-inflammatory and antioxidant food seasoning, contains nonpolar constituents such as FAs which were extracted using hexane...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197034/nutritional-demands-and-metabolic-characteristics-of-the-dsir-ha-1179-insect-cell-line-during-growth-and-infection-with-the-oryctes-nudivirus
#8
Charlotte Pushparajan, Juan Daniel Claus, Sean D G Marshall, Gabriel Visnovsky
The DSIR-HA-1179 coleopteran cell line has been identified as a susceptible and permissive host for the in vitro replication of the Oryctes nudivirus, which can be used as a biopesticide against the coconut rhinoceros beetle, pest of palms. The major challenge to in vitro large-scale Oryctes nudivirus production is ensuring process economy. This rests, among other requisites, on the use of low-cost culture media tailored to the nutritional and metabolic needs of the cell line, both in uninfected and infected cultures...
December 1, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156933/-prevention-of-obesity-from-perinatal-stage
#9
Rosa Mª Martínez García, Ana Isabel Jiménez Ortega, Heldry González Torres, Rosa María Ortega
Obesity is one of the major health problems and a determining factor in the prevalence of diseases such as metabolic syndrome, asthma, sleep apnea, infertility and various types of cancer. Its origin is multifactorial, involving genetic, socioeconomic and environmental factors. These last ones contribute mostly to explain the current epidemic growth of this disease. The sedentary lifestyle, inadequate diet, lack of sleep, alterations in intestinal microbiota and stress are factors related to its development...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142398/cytotoxic-antimitotic-and-antiproliferation-studies-on-rasam-a-south-indian-traditional-functional-food
#10
Agilandeswari Devarajan, M K Mohan Maruga Raja
Background: Rasam is a traditional South Indian food, prepared using tamarind juice as a base, with a variety of spices. Rasam, with all its ingredients medicinally claimed for various ailments, is a functional food. Systematic consumption of traditional functional food provides an excellent preventive measure to ward off many diseases. Objective: To study rasam for cytotoxic, antimitotic, and antiproliferation potential beyond its culinary and nutritional effect...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141178/peri-conception-and-first-trimester-diet-modifies-reproductive-development-in-bulls
#11
K J Copping, M D Ruiz-Diaz, C S Rutland, N P Mongan, M J Callaghan, I C McMillen, R J Rodgers, V E A Perry
Nutritional perturbation during gestation alters male reproductive development in rodents and sheep. In cattle both the developmental trajectory of the feto-placental unit and its response to dietary perturbations is dissimilar to that of these species. This study examined the effects of dietary protein perturbation during the peri-conception and first trimester periods upon reproductive development in bulls. Nulliparous heifers (n=360) were individually fed a high- or low-protein diet (HPeri and LPeri) from 60 days before conception...
November 16, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112458/review-detrimental-effects-of-alcohol-exposure-around-conception-putative-mechanisms
#12
Jacinta I Kalisch-Smith, Karen M Moritz
In western countries, alcohol consumption is widespread in women of reproductive age, and in binge quantities. These countries also continue to have high incidences of unplanned pregnancies, with women often reported to cease drinking after discovering their pregnancy. This suggests the early embryo may be highly exposed to the detrimental effects of alcohol during this periconceptional period. The periconception and pre-implantation windows which includes maturation of the oocyte, fertilisation and morphogenesis of the pre-implantation embryo, are particularly sensitive times of development...
November 7, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108632/chorionic-vascular-fit-in-the-human-placenta-relationship-to-fetoplacental-outcomes
#13
Carolyn M Salafia, Ruchit G Shah, Dawn P Misra, Jennifer K Straughen, Drucilla J Roberts, Larry Troxler, Simon P Morgan, Barbara Eucker, John M Thorp
BACKGROUND: Novel measures of the chorionic plate and vessels are used to test the hypothesis that variation in placental structure is correlated with reduced birth weight (BW) independent of placental weight (PW), suggesting functionally compromised placentas. METHODS: 916 mothers recruited to the Pregnancy, Infection and Nutrition Study delivering singleton live born infants at >30 gestational weeks had placentas collected, digitally photographed and weighed prior to formalin fixation...
November 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108162/fetal-therapy-for-down-syndrome-report-of-three-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Patrick James Baggot, Rocel Medina Baggot
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (trisomy 21) is a well-known cause of mental retardation. It can be diagnosed in early pregnancy. Scientists have made great strides in outlining the pathophysiologic mechanisms of mental retardation in Down syndrome. Much less has been published on human therapy. To our knowledge, these are the first published cases of fetal therapy for Down syndrome. METHODOLOGY: Reports of three cases. In all cases, treatment was both biochemical (e...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108050/the-effects-of-maternal-nutrition-on-the-messenger-ribonucleic-acid-expression-of-neutral-and-acidic-amino-acid-transporters-in-bovine-uteroplacental-tissues-from-day-sixteen-to-fifty-of-gestation
#15
N P Greseth, M S Crouse, K J McLean, M R Crosswhite, N Negrin Pereira, C R Dahlen, P P Borowicz, L P Reynolds, A K Ward, B W Neville, J S Caton
We hypothesized that both day of gestation and maternal nutrition would alter the relative mRNA expression of neutral and acid AA transporters , , , , and . Crossbred Angus heifers ( = 49) were synchronized, bred via AI, assigned to nutritional treatment (100% of NRC requirements for 0.45 kg/d gain [control heifers {CON}] and 60% of CON [restricted heifers {RES}]), and ovariohysterectomized on d 16, 34, or 50 of gestation ( = 6 to 9/d). Nonbred, nonpregnant (NB-NP) controls were ovariohysterectomized on d 16 of the estrous cycle ( = 6) after synchronization...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105382/hypoxia-from-placental-development-to-fetal-programming
#16
REVIEW
Lais Fajersztajn, Mariana Matera Veras
Hypoxia may influence normal and different pathological processes. Low oxygenation activates a variety of responses, many of them regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 complex, which is mostly involved in cellular control of O2 consumption and delivery, inhibition of growth and development, and promotion of anaerobic metabolism. Hypoxia plays a significant physiological role in fetal development; it is involved in different embryonic processes, for example, placentation, angiogenesis, and hematopoiesis. More recently, fetal hypoxia has been associated directly or indirectly with fetal programming of heart, brain, and kidney function and metabolism in adulthood...
October 16, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094891/fetal-alcohol-syndrome-and-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#17
LeeAnne Denny, Sarah Coles, Robin Blitz
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) result from intrauterine exposure to alcohol and are the most common nonheritable causes of intellectual disability. The percentage of women who drink or binge drink during pregnancy has increased since 2012. FAS is commonly missed or misdiagnosed, preventing affected children from receiving needed services in a timely fashion. Diagnosis is based on the presence of the following clinical features, all of which must be present: prenatal and/or postnatal growth retardation, facial dysmorphology, central nervous system dysfunction, and neurobehavioral disabilities...
October 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081352/development-of-the-hyaloid-choroidal-and-retinal-vasculatures-in-the-fetal-human-eye
#18
REVIEW
Gerard A Lutty, D Scott McLeod
The development of the ocular vasculatures is perfectly synchronized to provide the nutritional and oxygen requirements of the forming human eye. The fetal vasculature of vitreous, which includes the hyaloid vasculature, vasa hyaloidea propria, and tunica vasculosa lentis, initially develops around 4-6 weeks gestation (WG) by hemo-vasculogenesis (development of blood and blood vessels from a common progenitor, the hemangioblast). This transient fetal vasculature expands around 12 WG by angiogenesis (budding from primordial vessels) and remains until a retinal vasculature begins to form...
November 1, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071391/immunometabolism-pregnancy-and-nutrition
#19
REVIEW
Kristin Thiele, Lianghui Diao, Petra Clara Arck
The emerging field of immunometabolism has substantially progressed over the last years and provided pivotal insights into distinct metabolic regulators and reprogramming pathways of immune cell populations in various immunological settings. However, insights into immunometabolic reprogramming in the context of reproduction are still enigmatic. During pregnancy, the maternal immune system needs to actively adapt to the presence of the fetal antigens, i.e., by functional modifications of distinct innate immune cell subsets, the generation of regulatory T cells, and the suppression of an anti-fetal effector T cell response...
October 25, 2017: Seminars in Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062316/preterm-birth-affects-the-risk-of-developing-immune-mediated-diseases
#20
Sybelle Goedicke-Fritz, Christoph Härtel, Gabriela Krasteva-Christ, Matthias V Kopp, Sascha Meyer, Michael Zemlin
Prematurity affects approximately 10% of all children, resulting in drastically altered antigen exposure due to premature confrontation with microbes, nutritional antigens, and other environmental factors. During the last trimester of pregnancy, the fetal immune system adapts to tolerate maternal and self-antigens, while also preparing for postnatal immune defense by acquiring passive immunity from the mother. Since the perinatal period is regarded as the most important "window of opportunity" for imprinting metabolism and immunity, preterm birth may have long-term consequences for the development of immune-mediated diseases...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
6373
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"