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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227039/amp-a-platform-for-managing-and-mining-data-in-the-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Erik Linstead, Ryan Burns, Duy Nguyen, David Tyler, Erik Linstead, Ryan Burns, Duy Nguyen, David Tyler, Erik Linstead, Duy Nguyen, Ryan Burns, David Tyler
We introduce AMP (Autism Management Platform), an integrated health care information system for capturing, analyzing, and managing data associated with the diagnosis and treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder in children. AMP's mobile application simplifies the means by which parents, guardians, and clinicians can collect and share multimedia data with one another, facilitating communication and reducing data redundancy, while simplifying retrieval. Additionally, AMP provides an intelligent web interface and analytics platform which allow physicians and specialists to aggregate and mine patient data in real-time, as well as give relevant feedback to automatically learn data filtering preferences over time...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226049/predictors-for-the-functional-incapacity-of-the-elderly-in-primary-health-care
#2
Lívia Carvalho Pereira, Maria do Livramento Fortes Figueiredo, Cinara Maria Feitosa Beleza, Elaine Maria Leite Rangel Andrade, Maria Josefina da Silva, Antonio Francisco Machado Pereira
Objectives: to assess the predictors for the functional incapacity of the elderly in primary health care. Method: cross-sectional study, of which 388 older people participated, conducted in three Primary health care Units, using the Katz index and Lawton's scale. The research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. Results: regarding the degree of dependency for Basic Activities, 90.2% were less independent for dressing themselves; and for Instrumental Activities, 77...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226044/care-for-women-involved-with-drugs-social-representations-of-nurses
#3
Andreia Silva Rodrigues, Jeane Freitas de Oliveira, Cleuma Sueli Santos Suto, Maria da Penha de Lima Coutinho, Mirian Santos Paiva, Simone Santos Souza
Objective: analyze social representations of nurses related to the care for women involved with drugs. Method: qualitative research founded on the theory of social representations, with 42 nurses from a public maternity ward of Salvador-BA, using identification questionnaire, test of free association of words, and semi-structured interview. We analyzed the structure of social representations and the similarity tree of free evocations, and also analyzed the content of interviews...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225991/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-obese-patients-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery-and-its-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#4
Gabriela Calenzani, Fabiana Ferreira Dos Santos, Veronica Lourenço Wittmer, Grace Kelly Filgueiras Freitas, Flávia Marini Paro
Objective: This study was designed to identify the major musculoskeletal symptoms of individuals with obesity, to assess their health-related quality of life, and to evaluate the correlation between the musculoskeletal symptoms and the individuals' health-related quality of life. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study. Instruments used: "Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire" and "The Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)"...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225798/effect-of-maternal-death-on-child-survival-in-rural-west-africa-25-years-of-prospective-surveillance-data-in-the-gambia
#5
Susana Scott, Lindsay Kendall, Pierre Gomez, Stephen R C Howie, Syed M A Zaman, Samba Ceesay, Umberto D'Alessandro, Momodou Jasseh
BACKGROUND: The death of a mother is a tragedy in itself but it can also have devastating effects for the survival of her children. We aim to explore the impact of a mother's death on child survival in rural Gambia, West Africa. METHODS: We used 25 years of prospective surveillance data from the Farafenni Health and Demographic surveillance system (FHDSS). Mortality rates per 1,000 child-years up to ten years of age were estimated and Kaplan-Meier survival curves plotted by maternal vital status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225746/atypical-antipsychotics-and-the-risk-of-falls-and-fractures-among-older-adults-an-emulation-analysis-and-an-evaluation-of-additional-confounding-control-strategies
#6
Darmendra Ramcharran, Hong Qiu, Martijn J Schuemie, Patrick B Ryan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of falls and fractures among older adults receiving atypical antipsychotics. METHODS: An emulation analysis of a previously published study was performed using the US Truven MarketScan Medicare Supplemental database (MDCR). In addition, modified analyses were implemented to evaluate alternative confounding control strategies that (1) included all covariates used to fit propensity score models in outcome models and (2) required patients to have a mental health condition diagnosis and a health care visit within 90 days prior to the index date...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225731/queer-frontiers-in-medicine-a-structural-competency-approach
#7
Cameron A Donald, Sayantani DasGupta, Jonathan M Metzl, Kristen L Eckstrand
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published a report proposing qualifiers of competence to guide medical educators towards training physicians to appropriately care for individuals who are or may be lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT); gender nonconforming (GNC); and/or born with differences in sex development (DSD). These qualifiers provide content and context to an existing framework heavily used in competency-based medical education, emphasizing individual and interpersonal abilities to enhance care delivered to individuals identifying as LGBT, GNC, and/or born with DSD...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225707/nonadherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-zambia-is-concentrated-among-a-minority-of-patients-and-is-highly-variable-across-clinics
#8
Nancy L Czaicki, Charles B Holmes, Izukanji Sikazwe, Carolyn Bolton, Theodora Savory, Mwanza Wa Mwanza, Crispin Moyo, Nancy S Padian, Elvin H Geng
OBJECTIVES: The distribution of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) can indicates whether barriers are concentrated or more distributed. We quantified the medication possession ratio (MPR) and characterized the distribution of medication nonpossession in a network of clinics in Zambia to identify 'hotspots' and predictors of poorer adherence. METHODS: We analyzed a population of adults on ART for more than 3 months who made at least one clinic visit between 1 January 2013 and 28 February 2015...
March 13, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225661/lgbtq-youth-part-1
#9
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In order to provide holistic care, school nurses must be culturally competent by being sensitive to health disparities experienced by students in at-risk populations. Despite the growing acceptance toward gender and sexual minorities, LGBTQ youth remain an at-risk population in our communities and our schools. School nurses as well as school counselors, social workers, and psychologists can increase their cultural competence in caring for this group of students by increasing their understanding of appropriate terminology and risks associated with this vulnerable group...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225541/perceived-barriers-to-adherence-to-tuberculosis-infection-control-measures-among-health-care-workers-in-the-dominican-republic
#10
Helena J Chapman, Bienvenido A Veras-Estévez, Jamie L Pomeranz, Eddy N Pérez-Then, Belkys Marcelino, Michael Lauzardo
INTRODUCTION Health care workers have an increased risk of infection due to occupational Mycobacterium tuberculosis exposure, including multidrug-resistant strains. Health care workers' risk of developing tuberculosis is greater than that of the general population, whether in low-, intermediate- or high-incidence countries. Adherence to infection control measures (administrative controls, environmental controls, and personal respiratory protection) is essential to reduce risk of disease transmission between suspected tuberculosis patients and health care workers, but for different reasons, both objective and subjective, adherence is low...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225448/predicting-hcahps-scores-from-hospitals-social-media-pages-a-sentiment-analysis
#11
John W Huppertz, Peter Otto
BACKGROUND: Social media is an important communication channel that can help hospitals and consumers obtain feedback about quality of care. However, despite the potential value of insight from consumers who post comments about hospital care on social media, there has been little empirical research on the relationship between patients' anecdotal feedback and formal measures of patient experience. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to test the association between informal feedback posted in the Reviews section of hospitals' Facebook pages and scores on two global items from the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey, Overall Hospital Rating and Willingness to Recommend the Hospital...
February 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225447/environmental-market-factors-associated-with-electronic-health-record-adoption-among-cancer-hospitals
#12
Will L Tarver, Nir Menachemi
BACKGROUND: Although recent literature has explored the relationship between various environmental market characteristics and the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) among general, acute care hospitals, no such research currently exists for specialty hospitals, including those providing cancer care. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between market characteristics and the adoption of EHRs among Commission on Cancer (CoC)-accredited hospitals...
February 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225343/infection-control-and-tuberculosis-in-health-care-workers-an-assessment-of-28-hospitals-in-south-africa
#13
L M O'Hara, A Yassi, E A Bryce, A Janse van Rensburg, M C Engelbrecht, M Zungu, L E Nophale, J M FitzGerald
SETTING: Twenty-eight public hospitals in the Free State Province, South Africa. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between tuberculosis (TB) infection control (IC) scores in Free State hospitals and the incidence of TB disease among health care workers (HCWs) in 2012. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey and mixed-methods analysis of TB IC policies, practices and infrastructure using a comprehensive, 83-item IC audit and observation tool. RESULTS: As the total IC score increased, the probability of TB in an HCW at that hospital decreased...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225201/edible-insects-in-china-utilization-and-prospects
#14
REVIEW
Ying Feng, Xiao-Ming Chen, Min Zhao, Zhao He, Long Sun, Cheng-Ye Wang, Wei-Feng Ding
The use of edible insects has a long history in China, where they have been consumed for more than two thousand years. In general, the level of acceptance is high for the consumption of insects in China. Many studies on edible insects have been conducted in the last twenty years, and the scope of the research includes the culture of entomophagy and the identification, nutritional value, farming and breeding of edible insects, in addition to food production and safety. Currently, 324 species of insects from 11 orders are documented that are either edible or associated with entomophagy in China, which include the common edible species, some less commonly consumed species, and some medicinal insects...
February 22, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225152/topical-phenytoin-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#15
REVIEW
Xiang Yong Hao, Hong Ling Li, He Su, Hui Cai, Tian Kang Guo, Ruifeng Liu, Lei Jiang, Yan Fei Shen
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are common in clinical practice and pose a significant health problem worldwide. Apart from causing suffering to patients, they also result in longer hospital stays and increase the cost of health care. A variety of methods are used for treating pressure ulcers, including pressure relief, patient repositioning, biophysical strategies, nutritional supplementation, debridement, topical negative pressure, and local treatments including dressings, ointments and creams such as bacitracin, silver sulphadiazine, neomycin, and phenytoin...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224946/exercise-adherence-in-the-elderly-experience-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-simple-treatment-and-prevention
#16
Mary McElrath, Jonathan Myers, Khin Chan, Holly Fonda
Poor adherence to health-related behaviors can have serious health consequences. Cardiac rehabilitation has been documented to have physiological and psychosocial benefits; however, optimizing adherence to exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease is a particular challenge. We recently completed a large, 6-year randomized trial of exercise training in elderly patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease (50-85 years), which provided an opportunity to describe adherence strategies in this unique group of elderly individuals...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224941/telehealth-applications-to-enhance-ckd-knowledge-and-awareness-among-patients-and-providers
#17
REVIEW
Delphine S Tuot, L Ebony Boulware
CKD affects 13% of the US adult population, causes excess mortality, and is associated with significant sociodemographic disparities. Optimal CKD management slows progression of disease and reduces cardiovascular-related outcomes. Resources for patients and primary care providers, major stakeholders in preventive CKD care, are critically needed to enhance understanding of the disease and to optimize CKD health, particularly because of the asymptomatic nature of kidney disease. Telehealth is defined as the use of electronic communication and telecommunications technology to support long-distance clinical health care, patient and professional health-related education, and public health and health administration...
January 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224767/effect-of-accreditation-on-accuracy-of-diagnostic-tests-in-medical-laboratories
#18
Mi Ae Jang, Young Ahn Yoon, Junghan Song, Jeong Ho Kim, Won Ki Min, Ji Sung Lee, Yong Wha Lee, You Kyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: Medical laboratories play a central role in health care. Many laboratories are taking a more focused and stringent approach to quality system management. In Korea, laboratory standardization efforts undertaken by the Korean Laboratory Accreditation Program (KLAP) and the Korean External Quality Assessment Scheme (KEQAS) may have facilitated an improvement in laboratory performance, but there are no fundamental studies demonstrating that laboratory standardization is effective...
May 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224441/does-medicaid-insurance-confer-adequate-access-to-adult-orthopaedic-care-in-the-era-of-the-patient-protection-and-affordable-care-act
#19
Joseph T Labrum, Taylor Paziuk, Theresa C Rihn, Alan S Hilibrand, Alexander R Vaccaro, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Jeffrey A Rihn
BACKGROUND: A current appraisal of access to orthopaedic care for the adult patient receiving Medicaid is important, since Medicaid expansion was written into law by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Do orthopaedic practices provide varying access to orthopaedic care for simulated patients with Medicaid insurance versus private insurance in a blinded survey? (2) What are the surveyed state-by-state Medicaid acceptance rates for adult orthopaedic practices in the current era of Medicaid expansion set forth by the PPACA? (3) Do surveyed rates of access to orthopaedic care in the adult patient population vary across practice setting (private vs academic) or vary with different Medicaid physician reimbursement rates? (4) Are there differences in the surveyed Medicaid acceptance rates for adult orthopaedic practices in states that have expanded Medicaid coverage versus states that have foregone expansion? METHODS: Simulated Patient Survey: We performed a telephone survey study of orthopaedic offices in four states with Medicaid expansion...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224383/oncologist-and-organizational-factors-associated-with-variation-in-breast-cancer-multigene-testing
#20
Tracy A Lieu, G Thomas Ray, Stephanie R Prausnitz, Laurel A Habel, Stacey Alexeeff, Yan Li, Scott D Ramsey, Charles E Phelps, Neetu Chawla, Suzanne C O'Neill, Jeanne S Mandelblatt
PURPOSE: Multigene testing for breast cancer recurrence risk became available in 2007, yet many eligible patients remain untested. This study evaluated variation in testing rates, and oncologist and organizational factors associated with variation, in a setting without financial influences on testing. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic data and oncologist surveys within Kaiser Permanente Northern California, a large integrated health care system...
February 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
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