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Frequency of metabolic syndrome in chronic kidney disease

T M Kika, F B Lepira, P K Kayembe, J R Makulo, E K Sumaili, E V Kintoki, J R M'Buyamba-Kabangu
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hypertension remains an important issue in daily clinical practice worldwide. Although the majority of patients are treated in primary care, most of the data on blood pressure control originate from population-based studies or secondary healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of uncontrolled hypertension and associated risk factors among hypertensive patients followed at primary care facilities in Kinshasa, the capital city of Democratic Republic of the Congo...
November 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Pedro Iglesias, María Auxiliadora Bajo, Rafael Selgas, Juan José Díez
Thyroid hormones influence renal development, kidney hemodynamics, glomerular filtration rate and sodium and water homeostasis. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism affect renal function by direct renal effects as well as systemic hemodynamic, metabolic and cardiovascular effects. Hypothyroidism has been associated with increased serum creatinine and decreased glomerular filtration rate. The reverse effects have been reported in thyrotoxicosis. Most of renal manifestations of thyroid dysfunction are reversible with treatment...
November 18, 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Ting Liu, Cui Wang, Jingru Lu, Xiangzhong Zhao, Yanhua Lang, Leping Shao
BACKGROUND: Gitelman's syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive renal tubular disorder, which is caused by the mutations in SLC12A3. This study was designed to analyze the characteristics of the genotype and phenotype, and follow-up in the largest group of Chinese patients with GS. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with GS underwent SLCl2A3 analysis, and their clinical characteristics and biochemical findings as well as follow-up were reviewed, aiming to achieve a better description of GS...
2016: American Journal of Nephrology
Alejandro Donoso Fuentes, Pablo Córdova L, Pilar Hevia J, Daniela Arriagada S
Given that childhood obesity is an epidemic, the frequency of critically-ill patients who are overweight or obese seen at intensive care units has increased rapidly. Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ that secretes a number of protein hormones, including leptin, which stands out because it regulates adipose tissue mass. The presence of arterial hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, respiratory disease and chronic kidney disease may become apparent and complicate the course of obese pediatric patients in the Intensive Care Unit...
June 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Yu-Ming Chang, Chih-Chung Shiao, Ya-Ting Huang, I-Ling Chen, Chuan-Lan Yang, Show-Chin Leu, Hung-Li Su, Jsun-Liang Kao, Shih-Ching Tsai, Rong-Na Jhen, Ching-Cherng Uen
BACKGROUND: Both uremia and metabolic syndrome (MetS) affect heart rate variability (HRV) which is a risk factor of poor prognoses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of MetS on HRV among chronic hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in a teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan from June to August, 2010. Adult patients on chronic hemodialysis without active medical conditions were enrolled. HRV were measured for 4 times on the index hemodialysis day (HRV-0, -1, -2, and -3 at before, initial, middle, and late phases of hemodialysis, respectively), and the baseline demographic data and clinical parameters during the hemodialysis session were documented...
January 27, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Chun-Kai Hsu, Mei-Yi Wu, I-Ni Chiang, Stephen S-D Yang, Shang-Jen Chang
OBJECTIVE: We compared the lower urinary tract symptoms between middle-aged men with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD) under 50 years of age. METHODS: Between October 2010 and July 2013, patients with CKD aged below 50 who received regular follow-ups at the nephrology outpatient clinics were enrolled. We also enrolled men aged below 50 years with estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) higher than 60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) and without history of kidney diseases from the health examination department as the control group...
September 2015: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Eiichiro Kanda, Toshitaka Muneyuki, Kaname Suwa, Kei Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Although lifestyle is associated with metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases, there has been no sufficient evidence of lifestyles on incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of this prospective cohort study is to investigate the effects of lifestyles on kidney function in healthy people. METHODS: A total of 7473 healthy people were enrolled in this Saitama Cardiometabolic Disease and Organ Impairment Study, Japan. Data on alcohol consumption, exercise frequency, and sleep duration were collected...
2015: PloS One
Seok Hui Kang, Kyu Hyang Cho, Jong Won Park, Kyung Woo Yoon, Jun Young Do
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Advances in bioimpedance analysis (BIA) technologies now enable visceral fat area (VFA) to be assessed using this method. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical relevance and usefulness of VFA as a predictor of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and metabolic syndrome (MS), using BIA. METHODS: We identified 24,791 adults who underwent voluntary routine health checkups at Yeungnam University Hospital. In total 22,480 patients were recruited into our study...
2015: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Seok Hui Kang, Da Jung Jung, Kyu Hyang Cho, Jong Won Park, Kyung Woo Yoon, Jun Young Do
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether metabolic syndrome (MetS) or chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with hearing thresholds in the general Korean population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 16,554 participants were included in this study. MetS was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines, and CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or a dipstick proteinuria result of ≥1+...
2015: PloS One
Hui Bi, Yiqing Wu, Chunjie Zhao, Gang Long
OBJECTIVE: The aim of study was to examine the relationship between the dietary nutrition and the prevalence and risk of renal damage in patients with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: 260 patients with metabolic syndrome and chronic renal disease meeting criterion were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to NCEP-ATPIII guidelines. Food-frequency questionnaire was performed to collect the information on dietary nutrition...
2014: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Alan Gunderson, Adnan Said
Kidney transplant recipients can develop acute and chronic liver disease from a variety of conditions. Chronic viral hepatitis from hepatitis C is seen in increased frequency in hemodialysis patients. Genetic conditions, such as polycystic kidney disease, which lead to the need for kidney transplantation are also associated with liver diseases including congenital hepatic fibrosis and polycystic liver disease. Other conditions that can induce liver disease in this immune-suppressed population include a multitude of viral infections, as well as other systemic infections that can involve the liver...
January 2015: Transplantation Reviews
Barbara Perez Vogt, Priscilla L Souza, Marcos Ferreira Minicucci, Luis Cuadrado Martin, Pasqual Barretti, Jacqueline Teixeira Caramori
UNLABELLED: Abstract Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and metabolic syndrome are characterized by overlapping disorders, including glucose intolerance, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and, in some cases, obesity. However, there are no specific criteria for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome in CKD. Metabolic syndrome can also be associated with increased risk of mortality. Some traditional risk factors may protect dialysis patients from mortality, known as "reverse epidemiology." Metabolic syndrome might undergo reverse epidemiology...
October 2014: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Mariana Gascue de Alencastro, Joana Raquel Nunes Lemos, Nícia Maria Romano de Medeiros Bastos, Alessandra Rosa Vicari, Luiz Felipe Santos Gonçalves, Roberto Ceratti Manfro
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major determinant of mortality in renal transplant recipients (RTR). Metabolic syndrome (MS) and chronic inflammation are currently considered non traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This study evaluates the frequency of these conditions their associations with graft function. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and inflammation and their associations with graft function in renal transplant recipients...
October 2013: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Hamdy Abd El Azeem, El-Shazly Abdul Khalek, Hazem El-Akabawy, Hussein Naeim, Hammouda Abdul Khalik, Abdul Aziz Alfifi
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that the presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may be linked to increased cardiovascular and chronic kidney diseases. Here we assess whether NAFLD, as diagnosed by ultrasound, predicts the risk of incident cardiovascular and renal impairment events. METHODS: A total of 1150 patients with normal or near normal liver and kidney functions, and without protienuria or histories of cardiovascular accident were included in this multicenter prospective observational cohort study...
October 2013: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
Jung Hwan Park, Se Won Oh, Shin Young Ahn, Sejoong Kim, Ki Young Na, Dong-Wan Chae, Suhnggwon Kim, Ho Jun Chin
AIMS: Insulin resistance (IR) is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) but little is known about the possible causal relationship and differences in IR based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) groups. The objective of this study was to identify a possible association between the level of renal dysfunction and IR. METHODS: We measured eGFR and calculated the Homeostasis Model Assessment IR (HOMA-IR) index value. The study included 17,157 subjects ≥20years old without diabetes who underwent voluntary health check-ups...
March 2013: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Elizabeth A Nunamaker, D Rick Lee, Michael L Lammey
The current aging population of captive chimpanzees is expected to develop age-related diseases and present new challenges to providing their veterinary care. Spontaneous heart disease and sudden cardiac death are the main causes of death in chimpanzees (especially of male animals), but little is known about the relative frequency of other chronic diseases. Furthermore, female chimpanzees appear to outlive the males and scant literature addresses clinical conditions that affect female chimpanzees. Here we characterize the types and prevalence of chronic disease seen in geriatric (older than 35 y) female chimpanzees in the colony at Alamogordo Primate Facility...
April 2012: Comparative Medicine
Craig S Stump
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. The increase in CKD in recent decades has paralleled increases in obesity, diabetes, and the metabolic syndrome. Physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor that may affect the development and course of CKD. It is well established that exercise training improves a number of metabolic factors, including blood pressure and insulin resistance, which would be expected to preserve renal function as well as lower CVD risk...
2011: Cardiorenal Medicine
Effat Razeghi, Peimaneh Heydarian, Mahshid Heydari
AIMS: Uremia is a prediabetic state, but abnormal glucose metabolism and relative risk factors in non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are not studied extensively. This study aimed to evaluate prediabetes and contributing factors in patients with CKD. METHODS: We studied the frequency of prediabetes (defined as fasting plasma glucose 100-125 mg/dl and 2-h plasma glucose 140-199 mg/dl) and contributing risk factors in 91 (34 women and 57 men) non-diabetic CKD (GFR < 60) patients who were referred to Sina Hospital between November 2010 and November 2011...
2011: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
Xiao-hong Fan, Jian-fang Cai, Bi-xia Gao, Li-jun Mou, Jin-hong Li, Xue-jiao Liu, Jun-xue Wu, Qing-yan Meng, Hai-yun Wang, Li-li Liu, Hang Li, Xue-mei Li, Xue-wang Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the urinary albumin excretion (UAE) and serum uric acid in general population. METHODS: The study participants were derived from the epidemiological study on the association of metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Pinggu district, Beijing. A total of 992 participants (463 men and 529 women) aged from 30 to 75 years were enrolled in this study. For each participant, UAE, serum uric acid, serum creatinine, and serum lipids were detected and other potential risk factors for CKD were surveyed...
July 2011: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
G V Kotliarova, N L Kozlovskaia, S V Lashutin, Iu V Komiagin, E A Shakhnova, I A Dobromyslov, E M Shilov, S G Nesterova
AIM: To evaluate parameters of hemostasis system in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with consideration of elective or urgent start of dialysis treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 47 patients with ESRD entered the study. They were divided into two groups depending on urgent (group 1) or elective (group 2) start of hemodialysis. Group 1 consisted of 31 patients (13 female, 18 male) aged 18-86 years, group 2 - of 16 patients (9 female, 7 male) aged 36-79 years...
2011: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
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