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Nonpharmacologic interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#1
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437908/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-nicu-transfers-for-neonates-at-risk-for-hypoglycemia
#2
Sherry LeBlanc, Jamie Haushalter, Carl Seashore, Karen S Wood, Michael J Steiner, Ashley G Sutton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Neonatal hypoglycemia is a common problem, often requiring management in the NICU. Nonpharmacologic interventions, including early breastfeeding and skin-to-skin care (SSC), may prevent hypoglycemia and the need to escalate care. Our objective was to maintain mother-infant dyads in the mother-infant unit by decreasing hypoglycemia resulting in NICU transfer. METHODS: Inborn infants ≥35 weeks' gestation with at least 1 risk factor for hypoglycemia were included...
February 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436357/acid-suppression-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-infants
#3
Sara E Rostas, Christopher McPherson
Gastroesophageal reflux is a normal physiologic occurrence that is common throughout infancy and usually resolves on its own. Infrequently, reflux causes complications and turns into gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which may warrant intervention. Available interventions vary in invasiveness and supporting data may be lacking for efficacy and safety. Nonpharmacologic interventions are first-line therapy for GERD in infants, whereas pharmacologic and surgical approaches are controversial. Efficacy data are limited for pharmacologic strategies for infantile GERD and safety data have demonstrated serious risks, especially in younger infants...
January 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432396/gathering-tips-from-carers-to-support-people-with-dementia-an-adaptation-of-the-top-5-program-for-community-use
#4
Kerrie Westaway, Oliver Frank, Russell Shute, Anna Moffat, Vanessa LeBlanc, Debra Rowett, Natalie Blacker, Elizabeth Roughead
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are often managed inappropriately with antipsychotic medicines. The TOP 5 program, which involves recording up to five relevant and meaningful tips that assist in personalizing care for the person with dementia, has been tested in the hospital setting and transitions of care in Australia, and has been found to be useful. Our study aimed to adapt the TOP 5 program as a strategy to support people with dementia in a primary care setting and to test the acceptability of our adapted TOP 5 program materials...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426758/very-low-certainty-in-evidence-suggesting-benefits-of-nonpharmacologic-interventions-for-reducing-mental-distress-in-adults-undergoing-dental-treatment
#5
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422453/telehealth-rehabilitation-for-cognitive-impairment-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#6
Rachel L Burton, Megan E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacological interventions are needed to support the function of older adults struggling with subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and dementia due to Alzheimer disease (AD). Telerehabilitation aims to provide rehabilitation at a distance, but cognitive rehabilitation by videoconferencing has not been explored. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare goal-oriented cognitive rehabilitation delivered in-person with videoconferencing to determine whether telehealth cognitive rehabilitation appears feasible...
February 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420095/flexibility-and-strength-training-in-asthma-a-pilot-study
#7
Sara Olenich, Graeme Waterworth, Gary J Badger, Bruce Levy, Elliot Israel, Helene M Langevin
OBJECTIVE: Although less is known about musculoskeletal factors that may contribute to asthma symptoms, body-based treatments addressing movement restrictions of the chest and shoulders may be a useful adjunct to asthma pharmacotherapy. In this pilot study, we compared asthma symptoms, pulmonary function tests, and medication use before and after a course of resistance flexibility and strength training (RFST) treatments in human subjects with asthma. METHODS: Patients with asthma (n = 10; mean age 23 years) completed questionnaires (Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ), Asthma Control Test (ACT)), spirometry, chest wall excursion, and shoulder range of motion (ROM) before and after a series of four RFST treatments over 47 ± 21 days...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413212/gastroesophageal-reflux-regurgitation-in-the-infant-population
#8
REVIEW
Teresa D Ferguson
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is common in infancy and mainly treated through nonpharmacological interventions. Knowing the early warning signs of GER is important for nursing assessment. Untreated GER can become acute when an infant fails to gain weight and has recurrent, forceful vomiting. Further investigation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is indicated when failure to gain weight, irritability, swallowing difficulties, regurgitation, and respiratory complications occur and should trigger referral to pediatric specialists...
March 2018: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412979/sleep-in-hospitalized-older-adults
#9
REVIEW
Nancy H Stewart, Vineet M Arora
Hospitalization is a period of acute sleep deprivation for older adults owing to environmental, medical, and patient factors. Although hospitalized patients are in need of adequate rest and recovery during acute illness, older patients face unique risks owing to acute sleep loss during hospitalization. Sleep loss in the hospital is associated with worse health outcomes, including cardiometabolic derangements and an increased risk of delirium. Because older patients are at risk of polypharmacy and medication side effects, a variety of nonpharmacologic interventions are recommended first to improve sleep loss for hospitalized older adults...
March 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412839/delirium-in-the-elderly
#10
REVIEW
Tammy T Hshieh, Sharon K Inouye, Esther S Oh
Delirium is defined as an acute disturbance in attention and cognition, with significant associated morbidity and mortality. This article discusses the basic epidemiology of delirium and approaches to diagnosing, assessing, and working up patients for delirium. It delineates the pathophysiology and underlying predisposing and precipitating factors for delirium. It also discusses recent advances in prevention and treatment, particularly multicomponent, nonpharmacological interventions.
March 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407363/society-of-family-planning-clinical-guidelines-pain-control-in-surgical-abortion-part-1-local-anesthesia-and-minimal-sedation
#11
REVIEW
Rebecca H Allen, Rameet Singh
Satisfactory pain control for women undergoing surgical abortion is important for patient comfort and satisfaction. Clinicians ought to be aware of the safety and efficacy of different pain control regimens. This document will focus on nonpharmacologic modalities to reduce pain and pharmacologic interventions up to the level of minimal sedation. For surgical abortion without intravenous medications, a multimodal approach to pain control may combine a dedicated emotional-support person, visual or auditory distraction, administration of local anesthesia to the cervix with buffered lidocaine, and a preoperative nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug...
January 30, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406791/functional-abdominal-pain-disorders-in-children
#12
Shaman Rajindrajith, Judith Zeevenhooven, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Bonaventure Jayasiri Crispus Perera, Marc A Benninga
Chronic abdominal pain is a common problem in pediatric practice. The majority of cases fulfill the Rome IV criteria for functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs). At times, these disorders may lead to rather serious repercussions. Area covered: We have attempted to cover current knowledge on epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors related to pathophysiology, clinical evaluation and management of children with FAPDs. Expert commentary: FAPDs are a worldwide problem with a pooled prevalence of 13.5%. There are a number of predisposing factors and pathophysiological mechanisms including stressful events, child maltreatment, visceral hypersensitivity, altered gastrointestinal motility and change in intestinal microbiota...
February 16, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406356/gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-left-ventricular-assist-device-octreotide-and-other-treatment-modalities
#13
Tara L Molina, Jill Krisl, Kevin Donahue, Sara Varnado
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) offer a therapeutic strategy for patients with end-stage heart failure. Increased device utilization has also increased the incidence of device-related complications including gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). Multiple mechanisms have been proposed in the pathophysiology of continuous-flow LVAD-associated GIB including physiologic changes associated with high shear and nonpulsatile flow such as gastrointestinal arteriovenous malformations and acquired von Willebrand syndrome...
February 5, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390869/sleep-pattern-and-predictors-of-sleep-disturbance-among-family-caregivers-of-terminal-ill-patients-with-cancer-in-taiwan-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Kwo-Chen Lee, Ya-Ling Hsieh, Pi-Chu Lin, Yun-Ping Lin
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance commonly has a negative impact on the well-being of family caregivers (FCs) of terminally ill patients with cancer. The effect of sleep disturbance on FCs has not been explored through long-term follow-up studies in Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to (1) identify the trajectory of sleep quality of FCs of terminally ill patients with cancer in Taiwan and (2) examine the determinants of sleep disturbance through a longitudinal follow-up until patient death...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390538/the-clinical-efficacy-of-reminiscence-therapy-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-alzheimer-disease-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-parallel-design-controlled-trial
#15
Mo Li, Ji-Hui Lyu, Yi Zhang, Mao-Long Gao, Wen-Jie Li, Xin Ma
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer disease (AD) is one of the most common diseases among the older adults. Currently, various nonpharmacological interventions are used for the treatment of AD. Such as reminiscence therapy is being widely used in Western countries. However, it is often used as an empirical application in China; the evidence-based efficacy of reminiscence therapy in AD patients remains to be determined. Therefore, the aim of this research is to assess the effectives of reminiscence therapy for Chinese elderly...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386893/independent-determinants-of-disease-related-quality-of-life-in-copd-scope-for-nonpharmacologic-interventions
#16
Sarah B Brien, Beth Stuart, Andrew P Dickens, Tony Kendrick, Rachel E Jordan, Paymane Adab, Mike Thomas
Purpose: Quality-of-life (QoL) scores in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a weak relationship with physiologic impairment. We investigated factors associated with poor QoL, focusing on psychological measures potentially amenable to intervention. Patients and methods: We utilized a pre-existing Birmingham (UK) COPD cohort to assess factors associated with QoL impairment (COPD Assessment Test [CAT] scores). Univariate and multivariate regression models were constructed from three categories of variables: demographic, lung function/COPD-related symptoms, and psychosocial/behavioral factors...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384846/the-effects-of-probiotics-on-total-cholesterol-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Lang Wang, Mao-Juan Guo, Qing Gao, Jin-Feng Yang, Lin Yang, Xiao-Li Pang, Xi-Juan Jiang
BACKGROUND: Probiotics supplements provide a new nonpharmacological alternative to reduce cardiovascular risk factors. The impact of probiotics on the reduction of total cholesterol (TC) remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to showcase the most updated and comprehensive evaluation of the studies. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched from electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang database dating from January 2007 to January 2017...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378039/dietary-potential-renal-acid-load-is-positively-associated-with-serum-uric-acid-and-odds-of-hyperuricemia-in-the-german-adult-population
#18
Jonas Esche, Danika Krupp, Gert B M Mensink, Thomas Remer
Background: Initial interventional data indicate that a reduction in dietary acid load (e.g., by an increased consumption of alkalizing fruit and vegetables) can increase renal uric acid excretion and decrease serum uric acid (SUA). Objective: Against this background, we examined the association between dietary potential renal acid load (PRAL) and SUA in a representative population sample. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were performed in 6894 participants (aged 18-79 y) of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377893/improvement-in-cardiac-dysfunction-with-a-novel-circuit-training-method-combining-simultaneous-aerobic-resistance-exercises-a-randomized-trial
#19
Horesh Dor-Haim, Sharon Barak, Michal Horowitz, Eldad Yaakobi, Sara Katzburg, Moshe Swissa, Chaim Lotan
INTRODUCTION: Exercise is considered a valuable nonpharmacological intervention modality in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs in patients with ischemic heart disease. The effect of aerobic interval exercise combined with alternating sets of resistance training (super-circuit training, SCT) on cardiac patients' with reduced left ventricular function, post-myocardial infarction (MI) has not been thoroughly investigated. AIM OF STUDY: to improve cardiac function with a novel method of combined aerobic-resistance circuit training in a randomized control trial by way of comparing the effectiveness of continuous aerobic training (CAT) to SCT on mechanical cardiac function...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361066/ongoing-medical-management-to-maximize-health-and-well-being-for-persons-living-with-dementia
#20
Mary Guerriero Austrom, Malaz Boustani, Michael A LaMantia
Background and Objectives: Persons living with dementia have complex care needs including memory loss that should be taken into account by providers and family caregivers involved with their care. The prevalence of comorbid conditions in people with dementia is high and, thus, how primary care, community providers and family caregivers provide best practice care, person-centered care is important. Research Design and Methods: Care providers should understand the ongoing medical management needs of persons living with dementia in order to maximize their quality of life, proactively plan for their anticipated needs, and be as well prepared as possible for health crises that may occur...
January 18, 2018: Gerontologist
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