keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ASN

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107170/hb-variants-in-korea-effect-on-hba1c-using-five-routine-methods
#1
Yeo-Min Yun, Misuk Ji, Dae-Hyun Ko, Sail Chun, Gye Cheol Kwon, Kyunghoon Lee, Sang Hoon Song, Moon Woo Seong, Sung Sup Park, Junghan Song
BACKGROUND: Quantification of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a challenge in patients with hemoglobin (Hb) variants. We evaluated the impact of various Hb variants on five routine HbA1c assays by comparing with the IFCC reference measurement procedure (RMP). METHODS: Whole blood samples showing warning flags or no results on routine HPLC HbA1c assays were confirmed for Hb variants and were submitted to HbA1c quantification using Sebia Capillarys 2 Flex Piercing, Roche Tina-quant HbA1c Gen...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099089/genotypic-characterization-of-quinolone-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-retail-food-in-morocco
#2
Kaotar Nayme, Abouddihaj Barguigua, Brahim Bouchrif, Bouchra Karraouan, Fatima El Otmani, Naima Elmdaghri, Khalid Zerouali, Mohammed Timinouni
This study was conducted to assess the retail food as a possible vehicle for antimicrobial resistant, particularly quinolones resistant and pathogenic Escherichia coli. We determined the prevalence and characteristics of nalidixic acid (Nal) resistant E. coli isolates from diverse retail food samples. In all, 70 (28%) of 250 E. coli isolates studied were Nal-resistant E. coli and 91% of these were multi-drug resistant. Plasmid mediated quinolone resistance genes were identified in 32 isolates, including aac(6')-Ib-cr (n = 16), qnrS1 (n = 11) and qnrB19 (n = 7)...
February 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092440/molecular-interactions-between-graphene-and-biological-molecules
#3
Xingquan Zou, Shuai Wei, Joshua Jasensky, Minyu Xiao, Qiuming Wang, Charles L Brooks, Zhan Chen
Applications of graphene have extended into areas of nanobio-technology such as nanobio-medicine, nanobio-sensing, as well as nanoelectronics with biomolecules. These applications involve interactions between proteins, peptides, DNA, RNA etc. and graphene, therefore understanding such molecular interactions is essential. For example, many applications based on using graphene and peptides require peptides to interact with (e.g., noncovalently bind to) graphene at one end, while simultaneously exposing the other end to the surrounding medium (e...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091955/genome-wide-exploration-of-silicon-si-transporter-genes-lsi1-and-lsi2-in-plants-insights-into-si-accumulation-status-capacity-of-plants
#4
Recep Vatansever, Ibrahim Ilker Ozyigit, Ertugrul Filiz, Nermin Gozukara
Silicon (Si) is a nonessential, beneficial micronutrient for plants. It increases the plant stress tolerance in relation to its accumulation capacity. In this work, root Si transporter genes were characterized in 17 different plants and inferred for their Si-accumulation status. A total of 62 Si transporter genes (31 Lsi1 and 31 Lsi2) were identified in studied plants. Lsi1s were 261-324 residues protein with a MIP family domain whereas Lsi2s were 472-547 residues with a citrate transporter family domain. Lsi1s possessed characteristic sequence features that can be employed as benchmark in prediction of Si-accumulation status/capacity of the plants...
January 13, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088457/preformulation-characterization-stabilization-and-formulation-design-for-the-acrylodan-labeled-glucose-binding-protein-sm4-ac
#5
Neha Sahni, Rajoshi Chaudhuri, John M Hickey, Prakash Manikwar, Ajit D'Souza, Andrew Metters, Sangeeta B Joshi, C Russell Middaugh, David B Volkin
This study describes the physicochemical characterization, stabilization and formulation design of SM4-AC, an acrylodan labeled glucose/galactose binding protein for use in a continuous glucose monitoring device. The physical stability profile of SM4-AC as a function of pH and temperature was monitored using a combination of biophysical techniques and the resulting physical stability profile was visualized using an empirical phase diagram. Forced degradation chemical stability studies (Asn deamidation, Met oxidation) of SM4-AC were performed using a combination of capillary isoelectric focusing (cIEF), peptide mapping and reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069604/kmt2e-asns-a-novel-relapse-specific-fusion-gene-in-early-t-cell-precursor-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#6
Fida Khater, Mathieu Lajoie, Sylvie Langlois, Jasmine Healy, Sonia Cellot, Chantal Richer, Patrick Beaulieu, Pascal St-Onge, Virginie Saillour, Mark Minden, Monia Marzouki, Maja Krajinovic, Henrique Bittencourt, Daniel Sinnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067406/ninjurin1-assembles-into-a-homomeric-protein-complex-maintained-by-n-linked-glycosylation
#7
Sung-Jin Bae, Min Wook Shin, Ran Hee Kim, Dongyoon Shin, Taekwon Son, Hee-Jun Wee, Kyu-Won Kim
Ninjurin1 (Ninj1) is a cell surface protein known as a homophilic adhesion molecule. Previous studies have shown a trans-interaction of Ninj1 between immune cells and endothelial cells; however, little is known about Ninj1 modification and structure in the cis-interaction. We showed that Ninj1 assembles into a homomeric complex via a cis-interaction mediated by the intracellular region and N-glycosylation at Asn(60) . We identified cis-interaction between Ninj1 proteins using CFP- and YFP-tagged Ninj1 by Förster resonance energy transfer using a confocal microscope and fluorescence-activated cell sorter...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064023/identification-and-characterization-of-a-gamma-interferon-inducible-lysosomal-thiol-reductase-homolog-from-guinea-pig-cavia-porcellus-that-exhibits-thiol-reductase-activity-in-vitro
#8
Lei Ma, Fang Cao, Runze Tang, Jiaxin Zhang, Shuangquan Zhang
Gamma-interferon-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT) is a key enzyme in the antigen processing and presentation pathway whereby it reduces disulfide bonds at an acidic pH. In this study, a homolog of GILT from guinea pigs (designated gpGILT) was identified and characterized using bioinformatic methods and bioactivity assays. The open reading frame of gpGILT is 705bp in length and encodes 234 amino acids, with a putative molecular weight of about 25.85kDa. The structure of gpGILT is similar to those of humans and zebrafish, containing six introns and seven exons...
December 28, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062645/crystallographic-substrate-binding-studies-of-leishmania-mexicana-scp2-thiolase-type-2-unique-features-of-oxyanion-hole-1
#9
Rajesh K Harijan, Tiila-Riikka Kiema, Shahan M Syed, Imran Qadir, Muriel Mazet, Frédéric Bringaud, Paul A M Michels, Rik K Wierenga
Structures of the C123A variant of the dimeric Leishmania mexicana SCP2-thiolase (type-2) (Lm-thiolase), complexed with acetyl-CoA and acetoacetyl-CoA, respectively, are reported. The catalytic site of thiolase contains two oxyanion holes, OAH1 and OAH2, which are important for catalysis. The two structures reveal for the first time the hydrogen bond interactions of the CoA-thioester oxygen atom of the substrate with the hydrogen bond donors of OAH1 of a CHH-thiolase. The amino acid sequence fingerprints ( C: xS, N: EAF, G H: P) of three catalytic loops identify the active site geometry of the well-studied CNH-thiolases, whereas SCP2-thiolases (type-1, type-2) are classified as CHH-thiolases, having as corresponding fingerprints C: xS, H: DCF and G H: P...
January 5, 2017: Protein Engineering, Design & Selection: PEDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059703/glycolysis-and-glutaminolysis-cooperatively-control-t-cell-function-by-limiting-metabolite-supply-to-n-glycosylation
#10
Lindsey Araujo, Phillip Khim, Haik Mkhikian, Christie-Lynn Mortales, Michael Demetriou
Rapidly proliferating cells switch from oxidative phosphorylation to aerobic glycolysis plus glutaminolysis, markedly increasing glucose and glutamine catabolism. Although Otto Warburg first described aerobic glycolysis in cancer cells >90 years ago, the primary purpose of this metabolic switch remains controversial. The hexosamine biosynthetic pathway requires glucose and glutamine for de novo synthesis of UDP-GlcNAc, a sugar-nucleotide that inhibits receptor endocytosis and signaling by promoting N-acetylglucosamine branching of Asn (N)-linked glycans...
January 6, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059164/pyruvic-oxime-dioxygenase-from-heterotrophic-nitrifier-alcaligenes-faecalis-is-a-nonheme-fe-ii-dependent-enzyme-homologous-to-class-ii-aldolase
#11
Shuhei Tsujino, Chisato Uematsu, Hideo Dohra, Taketomo Fujiwara
Pyruvic oxime dioxygenase (POD), a key enzyme in heterotrophic nitrification, was purified from Alcaligenes faecalis, and the molecular and catalytic characteristics were reexamined. POD was purified as the homotetramer of the subunit whose molecular weight was 30,000. The deduced amino acid sequence of POD was homologous with a class II aldolase that has been regarded as the Zn((II))-dependent enzyme catalyzing aldol reactions. The recombinant protein showed weak POD activity, and was activated by reconstitution with Fe((II))...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052850/association-between-polymorphisms-in-pfmdr6-gene-and-ex-vivo-susceptibility-to-quinine-in-plasmodium-falciparum-parasites-from-dakar-senegal
#12
Mathieu Gendrot, Silman Diawara, Marylin Madamet, Mame Bou Kounta, Sébastien Briolant, Khalifa Ababacar Wade, Mansour Fall, Nicolas Benoit, Aminata Nakoulima, Rémy Amalvict, Yaya Diémé, Bécaye Fall, Boubacar Wade, Bakary Diatta, Bruno Pradines
Polymorphisms and overexpression of transporter genes, especially of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily, have been involved in antimalarial drug resistance. The objective of this study was to use 77 Senegalese P. falciparum isolates to evaluate the association between the number of Asn residues in the polymorphic microsatellite region of pfmdr6 and the ex vivo susceptibility to antimalarials. A significant association was observed between the presence of 7 or 9 Asn repeats and reduced susceptibility to quinine...
January 4, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050849/glycin-rich-antimicrobial-peptide-yd1-from-b-amyloliquefaciens-induced-morphological-alteration-in-and-showed-affinity-for-plasmid-dna-of-e-coli
#13
Md Saifur Rahman, Yun Hee Choi, Yoon Seok Choi, Jin Cheol Yoo
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), low-molecular-weight proteins with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, are the most promising candidates for the development of novel antimicrobials. A powerful cationic glycine-rich AMP YD1 (MW ~ 1.0 kDa) was purified from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CBSYD1 isolated from traditional Korean fermented food kimchi, for the treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. Strain CBSYD1 was identified 99.79% similar to Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum FZB42(T) by 16S rRNA sequence analysis...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050792/alpha-synuclein-alters-differently-gene-expression-of-sirts-parps-and-other-stress-response-proteins-implications-for-neurodegenerative-disorders
#14
J Motyl, P L Wencel, M Cieślik, R P Strosznajder, J B Strosznajder
Alpha-synuclein (ASN) is a presynaptic protein that can easily change its conformation under different types of stress. It's assumed that ASN plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. However, the molecular mechanism of ASN toxicity has not been elucidated. This study focused on the role of extracellular ASN (eASN) in regulation of transcription of sirtuins (Sirts) and DNA-bound poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) - proteins crucial for cells' survival/death. Our results indicate that eASN enhanced the free radicals level, decreased mitochondria membrane potential, cells viability and activated cells' death...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045525/a-macrocyclic-agouti-related-protein-nle-4-dphe-7-%C3%AE-melanocyte-stimulating-hormone-chimeric-scaffold-produces-subnanomolar-melanocortin-receptor-ligands
#15
Mark D Ericson, Katie T Freeman, Sathya M Schnell, Carrie Haskell-Luevano
The melanocortin system consists of five receptor subtypes, endogenous agonists, and naturally occurring antagonists. These receptors and ligands have been implicated in numerous biological pathways including processes linked to obesity and food intake. Herein, a truncation structure-activity relationship study of chimeric agouti-related protein (AGRP)/[Nle4,DPhe7]α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (NDP-MSH) ligands is reported. The tetrapeptide His-DPhe-Arg-Trp or tripeptide DPhe-Arg-Trp replaced the Arg-Phe-Phe sequence in the AGRP active loop derivative c[Pro-Arg-Phe-Phe-Xxx-Ala-Phe-DPro], where Xxx was the native Asn of AGRP or a diaminopropionic (Dap) acid residue previously shown to increase antagonist potency at the mMC4R...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039139/n-glycosylation-is-important-for-proper-haloferax-volcanii-s-layer-stability-and-function
#16
Adi Tamir, Jerry Eichler
: N-glycosylation, the covalent linkage of glycans to select Asn residues of target proteins, is an almost universal post-translational modification in archaea. However, whereas roles for N-glycosylation have been defined in eukarya and bacteria, the function of archaeal N-glycosylation remains unclear. Here, the impact of perturbed N-glycosylation on the structure and physiology of the haloarchaea Haloferax volcanii was considered. Cryo-electron microscopy was used to examine right-side out membrane vesicles prepared from cells of a parent strain and from strains lacking genes encoding glycosyltransferases involved in assembling the N-linked pentasaccharide decorating the surface (S)-layer glycoprotein, the sole component of the S-layer surrounding Hfx...
December 30, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026921/n-a-and-n-d-oligomer-and-partner-specification-by-asparagine-in-coiled-coil-interfaces
#17
Jordan M Fletcher, Gail J Bartlett, Aimee L Boyle, Jonathan J Danon, Laura E Rush, Andrei N Lupas, Derek N Woolfson
The α-helical coiled coil is one of the best-studied protein-protein interaction motifs. As a result, sequence-to-structure relationships are available for the prediction of natural coiled-coil sequences and the de novo design of new ones. However, coiled coils adopt a wide range of oligomeric states and topologies, and our understanding of the specification of these and the discrimination between them remains incomplete. Gaps in our knowledge assume more importance as coiled coils are used increasingly to construct biomimetic systems of higher complexity; for this, coiled-coil components need to be robust, orthogonal and transferable between contexts...
December 27, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007925/long-term-maintenance-of-the-influenza-specific-cross-reactive-memory-cd4-t-cell-responses-following-repeated-annual-influenza-vaccination
#18
Mai-Chi Trieu, Fan Zhou, Sarah Lartey, Åsne Jul-Larsen, Siri Mjaaland, Saranya Sridhar, Rebecca Jane Cox
BACKGROUND: Annual vaccination for healthcare workers and other high-risk groups is the mainstay of the public health strategy to combat influenza. Inactivated influenza vaccines confer protection by inducing neutralizing antibodies efficiently against homologous and closely-matched virus strains. In the absence of neutralizing antibodies, cross-reactive T-cells have been shown to limit disease severity. However, animal studies and a study in immunocompromised children suggested that repeated vaccination hampers the CD8(+) T-cells...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003999/synergistic-cytotoxic-effect-of-l-asparaginase-combined-with-decitabine-as-a-demethylating-agent-in-pediatric-t-all-with-specific-epigenetic-signature
#19
Salvatore Serravalle, Salvatore N Bertuccio, Annalisa Astolfi, Fraia Melchionda, Andrea Pession
T-Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (T-ALL) remains a subgroup of pediatric ALL, with a lower response to standard chemotherapy. Some recent studies established the fundamental role of epigenetic aberrations such as DNA hypermethylation, to influence patients' outcome and response to chemotherapy. Moreover, L-asparaginase is an important chemotherapeutic agent for treatment of ALL and resistance to this drug has been linked to ASNS expression, which can be silenced through methylation. Therefore, we tested whether the sensitivity of T-ALL cell lines towards L-asparaginase is correlated to the epigenetic status of ASNS gene and whether the sensitivity can be modified by concurrent demethylating treatment...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997792/tethering-an-n-glycosylation-sequon-containing-peptide-creates-a-catalytically-competent-oligosaccharyltransferase-complex
#20
Shunsuke Matsumoto, Yuya Taguchi, Atsushi Shimada, Mayumi Igura, Daisuke Kohda
Oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) transfers an oligosaccharide chain to the Asn residue in the Asn-X-Ser/Thr sequon in proteins, where X is not proline. A sequon was tethered to an archaeal OST enzyme via a disulfide bond. The positions of the cysteine residues in the OST protein and the sequon-containing acceptor peptide were selected by reference to the eubacterial OST structure in a non-covalent complex with an acceptor peptide. We determined the crystal structure of the cross-linked OST-sequon complex. The Ser/Thr-binding pocket recognizes the Thr residue in the sequon, and the catalytic structure referred to as 'carboxylate dyad' interacted with the Asn residue...
December 20, 2016: Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
63694
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"