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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944527/psychophysiological-changes-during-pure-vs-guided-mirror-exposure-therapies-in-women-with-high-body-dissatisfaction-what-are-they-learning-about-their-bodies
#1
Sandra Díaz-Ferrer, Sonia Rodríguez-Ruiz, Blanca Ortega-Roldán, José Luis Mata-Martín, M Carmen Fernández-Santaella
This study aimed to examine the psychophysiological changes resulting from two mirror exposure treatments that are effective at reducing body dissatisfaction. Thirty-five university women with body dissatisfaction and subclinical eating disorders were randomly assigned to one of two groups: pure (n = 17) or guided exposure (n = 18). The participants received six sessions of treatment. Their thoughts, feelings and avoidance behaviours were assessed after each session. Their subjective discomfort, heart rate and skin conductance were assessed within the sessions...
September 24, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944522/sensitivity-for-cues-predicting-reward-and-punishment-in-young-women-with-eating-disorders
#2
Annelies Matton, Peter de Jong, Lien Goossens, Nienke Jonker, Eva Van Malderen, Myriam Vervaet, Nele De Schryver, Caroline Braet
Increasing evidence shows that sensitivity to reward (SR) and punishment (SP) may be involved in eating disorders (EDs). Most studies used self-reported positive/negative effect in rewarding/punishing situations, whereas the implied proneness to detect signals of reward/punishment is largely ignored. This pilot study used a spatial orientation task to examine transdiagnostic and interdiagnostic differences in SR/SP. Participants (14-29 years) were patients with anorexia nervosa of restricting type (AN-R, n = 20), binge/purge ED group [AN of binge/purge type and bulimia nervosa (n = 16)] and non-symptomatic individuals (n = 23)...
September 24, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938904/appetitive-traits-associated-with-higher-and-lower-body-mass-index-evaluating-the-validity-of-the-adult-eating-behaviour-questionnaire-in-an-australian-sample
#3
Kimberley M Mallan, Alison Fildes, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Jayne Drzezdzon, Matthew Sampson, Clare Llewellyn
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the factor structure of the newly developed Adult Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (AEBQ) (Hunot et al., Appetite 105:356-63, 2016) in an Australian sample, and examine associations between the four food approach and four food avoidance appetitive traits with body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Participants (N = 998) recruited between May and October 2016 via a university research participation scheme and online social network sites completed an online version of the AEBQ and self-reported demographic and anthropometric data...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936357/food-avoidance-and-restriction-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study-comparing-patients-from-an-immunology-clinic-to-a-general-practice
#4
Michael Fitzgerald, Brad Frankum
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual - fifth edition, there is an increased need to understand the prevalence and pattern of food avoidance and restriction in adults. High rates of food allergy and intolerance in immunology clinic populations, and subsequent high rates of elimination diets, place these individuals at a greater risk of developing pathological eating behaviours. This descriptive cross sectional pilot study aims to provide preliminary data on the prevalence and nature of food avoidance and restriction in an adult population, and to explore the reasons for this behaviour...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932301/melatonin-level-variations-with-different-behavioural-risk-factors-in-obese-female-patients
#5
Ana Malazonia, Tamar Zerekidze, Elen Giorgadze, Natia Chkheidze, Ketevan Asatiani
AIM: The role of behavioural factors and sleep duration and quality is important in the pathogenesis of obesity. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of behavioural risk factors on melatonin secretion in women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In total, 120 female patients were enrolled in the study and divided into two groups according to the body mass index. Detailed history, anthropometric measurements, urine and blood samples were evaluated for each patient...
August 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931384/early-food-for-future-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-an-ehealth-intervention-aiming-to-promote-healthy-food-habits-from-early-childhood
#6
Christine Helle, Elisabet Rudjord Hillesund, Mona Linge Omholt, Nina Cecilie Øverby
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a global public health challenge. Primary prevention initiatives targeting parents have been called for to encourage a positive feeding environment and healthy eating habits that may lay a good foundation for future health. At the same time, there is a need for interventions which combine accessibility and scalability with cost effectiveness. Today's parents are extensive Internet-users, but only a few randomized controlled trials have investigated the use of Internet to promote healthy eating habits in early childhood...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931134/risk-activities-and-pre-travel-health-seeking-practices-of-notified-cases-of-imported-infectious-diseases-in-australia
#7
Prakash Paudel, C Raina, Nicholas Zwar, Holly Seale, Heather Worth, Mohamud Sheikh, Anita E Heywood
Background: Travellers are at risk of acquiring infectious diseases during travel, with risks differing by destination, travel and traveller characteristics. A pre-travel health consultation may minimize this risk. However, uptake of pre-travel health advice remains low. We investigated pre-travel health preparations and disease-specific risk behaviours among notified cases of selected travel-associated infectious diseases imported into Australia. Methods: Prospective enhanced surveillance of notified cases of typhoid, paratyphoid, measles, hepatitis A, hepatitis E, malaria and chikungunya was conducted in two Australian states between February 2013 and January 2014...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929940/a-controlled-trial-of-a-yoga-based-prevention-program-targeting-eating-disorder-risk-factors-among-middle-school-females
#8
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Kellie Talebkhah, Wendy Guyker, Emily Keddie
This study investigates outcomes of a revised version of a yoga-based, eating disorder prevention program, targeting eating disorder risk factors, among fifth grade girls (i.e., Girls Growing in Wellness and Balance: Yoga and Life Skills to Empower [GGWB]). The program is designed to decrease eating disorder risk factors and bolster self-care and includes revisions not yet studied that extend the program to 14 weeks and enhance content addressing self-care. Efficacy was assessed using a controlled, repeated measures design...
September 20, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929462/can-body-temperature-dysregulation-explain-the-co-occurrence-between-overweight-obesity-sleep-impairment-late-night-eating-and-a-sedentary-lifestyle
#9
REVIEW
Rhonda F Brown, Einar B Thorsteinsson, Michael Smithson, C Laird Birmingham, Hessah Aljarallah, Christopher Nolan
PURPOSE: Overweight/obesity, sleep disturbance, night eating, and a sedentary lifestyle are common co-occurring problems. There is a tendency for them to co-occur together more often than they occur alone. In some cases, there is clarity as to the time course and evolution of the phenomena. However, specific mechanism(s) that are proposed to explain a single co-occurrence cannot fully explain the more generalized tendency to develop concurrent symptoms and/or disorders after developing one of the phenomena...
September 19, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927864/anorexia-nervosa-and-childhood-sexual-abuse-treatment-outcomes-of-intensive-enhanced-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#10
Simona Calugi, Cecilia Franchini, Silvia Pivari, Maddalena Conti, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
Sexual abuse has been widely studied as a risk factor in anorexia nervosa, but data on its influence on treatment outcomes are scarce. Hence, we compared short- and long-term outcomes of inpatient enhanced cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT-E) in patients with anorexia nervosa who had and had not suffered sexual abuse. Eighty-one patients were recruited, and body mass index (BMI), Eating Disorder Examination, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Work and Social Adjustment Scale scores were recorded before and after treatment, and at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918416/-the-methodology-and-sample-description-of-the-national-survey-on-addiction-problems-in-hungary-2015-nsaph-2015
#11
Borbala Paksi, Zsolt Demetrovics, Anna Magi, Katalin Felvinczi
This paper introduces the methods and methodological findings of the National Survey on Addiction Problems in Hungary (NSAPH 2015). Use patterns of smoking, alcohol use and other psychoactive substances were measured as well as that of certain behavioural addictions (problematic gambling - PGSI, DSM-V, eating disorders - SCOFF, problematic internet use - PIUQ, problematic on-line gaming - POGO, problematic social media use - FAS, exercise addictions - EAI-HU, work addiction - BWAS, compulsive buying - CBS)...
June 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910246/waiting-room-time-an-opportunity-for-parental-oral-health-education
#12
Randa Soussou, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Rosamund Harrison
OBJECTIVES: The UBC Children's Dental Program (CDP) has provided free dental treatments to underserved low-income children, but its preventive component needs to be enhanced. The study aims were: 1) to develop a "waiting-room based" dental education program engaging caregivers of these children, and 2) to assess the program's feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness. METHODS: In preparation, a situational analysis (SA) included structured interviews with caregivers, and with various stakeholders (e...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905482/energy-drink-consumption-among-new-zealand-adolescents-associations-with-mental-health-health-risk-behaviours-and-body-size
#13
Jennifer Utter, Simon Denny, Tasileta Teevale, Janie Sheridan
AIM: With the increase in popularity of energy drinks come multiple concerns about the associated health indicators of young people. The current study aims to describe the frequency of consumption of energy drinks in a nationally representative sample of adolescents and to explore the relationship between energy drink consumption and health risk behaviours, body size and mental health. METHODS: Data were collected as part of Youth'12, a nationally representative survey of high school students in New Zealand (2012)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902479/support-for-healthy-eating-at-schools-according-to-the-comprehensive-school-health-framework-evaluation-during-the-early-years-of-the-ontario-school-food-and-beverage-policy-implementation
#14
Taryn Orava, Steve Manske, Rhona Hanning
INTRODUCTION: Provincial, national and international public health agencies recognize the importance of school nutrition policies that help create healthful environments aligned with healthy eating recommendations for youth. School-wide support for healthy living within the pillars of the comprehensive school health (CSH) framework (social and physical environments; teaching and learning; healthy school policy; and partnerships and services) has been positively associated with fostering improvements to student health behaviours...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902477/food-marketing-to-children-in-canada-a-settings-based-scoping-review-on-exposure-power-and-impact
#15
Rachel Prowse
INTRODUCTION: Food marketing impacts children's food knowledge, behaviours and health. Current regulations in Canada focus on restricting promotional aspects of food marketing with little-to-no consideration of the places where children experience food. Understanding food marketing in children's everyday settings is necessary to protect children. This scoping review describes the current literature on food marketing to children in Canada by setting. METHODS: The author searched databases for Canadian research on children's exposure to food marketing, and the power and impact of food marketing to children (2-17 years) across settings, and on how current regulations may mediate the effect of food marketing on children...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901702/eating-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-students-enrolled-in-undergraduate-nutrition-and-dietetics-degrees
#16
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa A Martin
AIM: The prevalence of disordered eating has been frequently reported in university students; however, the prevalence amongst Australian undergraduate students studying degrees with a focus on nutrition is uncertain. The aims of this study were to: (i) assess eating attitudes and behaviours of students enrolled in nutrition and dietetics, (ii) compare those to students enrolled in another health degree of occupational therapy (OT) and (iii) explore possible relationships between eating attitudes and behaviours and other characteristics of both cohorts...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901678/improving-inhibitory-control-abilities-impulse-a-promising-approach-to-treat-impulsive-eating
#17
Hanna Preuss, Marlies Pinnow, Katja Schnicker, Tanja Legenbauer
Although there is preliminary evidence that inhibitory control training improves impulsive eating, less is known about the effects on eating behaviour and weight loss in clinical samples. Sixty-nine treatment-seeking adults with obesity (binge-eating disorder 33.3%; other specific feeding and eating disorders 40.6%) were randomly blockwise allocated to ImpulsE, an intervention to improve inhibitory control and emotion regulation abilities or a guideline-appropriate cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)-based treatment as usual...
September 13, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893283/perceived-fussy-eating-in-australian-children-at-14%C3%A2-months-of-age-and-subsequent-use-of-maternal-feeding-practices-at-2%C3%A2-years
#18
Rebecca Byrne, Elena Jansen, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: Concerns about fussy eating are common amongst parents of young children. However, studies of the long-term impact of fussy eating show mixed results with regard to adequacy of dietary intake and child growth. This may be in part because there is no accepted definition of fussy eating and studies measure the construct in different ways, commonly relying on parent perception. This longitudinal analysis explores maternal and child characteristics associated with maternal perception of her toddler as a fussy eater in early toddlerhood and subsequent use of feeding practices at 2 years...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891707/-experiences-with-the-three-factor-eating-questionnaire-r21-in-young-men
#19
Edit Czeglédi
INTRODUCTION: Eating behaviours play a crucial role in the development of obesity. AIMS: To conduct a psychometric analysis of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21 and to investigate the correlates of obesogenic eating behaviours among males. METHOD: Participants of the cross-sectional questionnaire-based study were male university students (n = 239, mean of age: 20.3 years, SD = 2.78 years). MEASURES: self-reported body weight and body height, Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21, Trait Anxiety Scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890896/informing-nutrition-care-in-the-antenatal-period-pregnant-women-s-experiences-and-need-for-support
#20
Khlood Bookari, Heather Yeatman, Moira Williamson
This study aimed to provide insights into Australian women's experiences in gaining nutrition information during pregnancy. Individual semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 17 pregnant (across all trimesters) and 9 postpartum women in five Australian states. Data were transcribed and analysed using inductive thematic analysis. Women valued nutrition information, actively sought it, and passively received it mainly from three sources: healthcare providers (HCPs), media, and their social networks...
2017: BioMed Research International
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