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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806351/effects-of-a-nationwide-strategy-to-reduce-salt-intake-in-samoa
#1
Kathy Trieu, Merina Ieremia, Joseph Santos, Bruce Neal, Mark Woodward, Marj Moodie, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon, Taiaopo Faumuina, Jacqui Webster
OBJECTIVE: Salt reduction is one of the most cost-effective interventions for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases, but there are no studies evaluating the effectiveness of national strategies in low or lower middle income countries. This study aimed to examine the effect of an 18-month nation-wide salt reduction strategy in Samoa. METHODS: Two nationally representative cross-sectional surveys of adults aged 18-64 years, measuring 24-h urinary salt excretion and salt-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, were conducted before (2013) and after (2015) the intervention...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805749/food-addiction-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity-is-there-a-relationship
#2
Tracy Burrows, Janelle Skinner, Rebecca McKenna, Megan Rollo
Existing research suggests that there is an overlap between binge eating disorder (BED) and the construct of 'food addiction' (FA). The objective of this study was to determine the overlapping features of BED and FA through a comparison of the individual scales of commonly used tools including the Binge Eating Scale (BES) and the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) in a sample of Australian adults. Adults (>18 years of age) were invited to complete an anonymous online survey on FA. Binge eating was assessed through the BES and addictive eating behaviours were assessed through the YFAS (n = 1344)...
August 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805091/a-comparison-of-two-low-calorie-sweeteners-and-sugar-in-dark-chocolate-on-sensory-attributes-and-emotional-conceptualisations
#3
Sofie Lagast, Hans De Steur, Joachim J Schouteten, Xavier Gellynck
Reducing sugar consumption is an important aspect in the prevention of and fight against obesity. A broader understanding of consumers' perceptions of low-calorie sweeteners is needed. This study examined two low-calorie sweeteners, tagatose and stevia, in comparison to sugar in dark chocolate. A total of 219 consumers participated in this study and rated overall liking and sensory attributes. Participants also listed their emotional conceptualisations upon consumption and were assessed on emotional eating behaviour and health and taste attitudes...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804985/a-randomised-controlled-comparison-of-second-level-treatment-approaches-for-treatment-resistant-adults-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-assessing-the-benefits-of-virtual-reality-cue-exposure-therapy
#4
Marta Ferrer-García, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Laura Forcano, Nadine Riesco, Isabel Sánchez, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, Antonios Dakanalis
A question that arises from the literature on therapy is whether second-level treatment is effective for patients with recurrent binge eating who fail first-level treatment. It has been shown that subjects who do not stop binge eating after an initial structured cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) programme benefit from additional CBT (A-CBT) sessions; however, it has been suggested that these resistant patients would benefit even more from cue exposure therapy (CET) targeting features associated with poor response (e...
August 14, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803597/somali-latino-and-hmong-parents-perceptions-and-approaches-about-raising-healthy-weight-children-a-community-based-participatory-research-study
#5
Chrisa Arcan, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Maira Rosas-Lee, Mai Bao Xiong
OBJECTIVE: Immigrants in the USA are confronted with health disparities, including childhood obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. We aimed to identify perceptions of childhood body weight, approaches to raising healthy children and desires for supportive programmes of Somali, Latino and Hmong (SLM) parents in the Twin Cities, Minnesota, USA. DESIGN: Using community-based participatory research, ten focus groups (FG) were conducted with sixty-seven parents (n 28 Somali, three FG; n 19 Latino, four FG; n 20 Hmong, three FG) of 3-12-year-old children in their native language...
August 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799800/creation-of-university-wellness-program-healthy-eating-and-active-lifestyle-supports-a-knowledge-to-action-process
#6
Phillip Joy, Linda Mann, Karen Blotnicky
With the burdens that preventable health conditions place on individuals, workplaces, and society, workplace wellness programs (WWP) are critical to ensuring employees have access to health promotion supports tailored to their work environments. Such programs are best guided by a knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework; a theoretically grounded, systematic process that considers the ongoing exchange of knowledge with employees to engage them in health behaviour change and to garner employers' support for the interventions...
August 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797048/objective-quantification-of-the-food-proximity-effect-on-grapes-chocolate-and-cracker-consumption-in-a-swedish-high-school-a-temporal-analysis
#7
Billy Langlet, Petter Fagerberg, Andrew Glossner, Ioannis Ioakimidis
Close food proximity leads to increased short-term energy intake, potentially contributing to the long-term development of obesity. However, its precise effects on eating behaviour are still unclear, especially with food available for extended periods of time. This study involved two similar high school student groups (15-17 years old), which had ad libitum access to grapes, chocolates and crackers during an hour-long experimental session. In the distal condition the foods were placed 6 meters away from the students (n = 24), in contrast to the proximal condition (n = 17) were the food was placed near the students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791792/the-role-of-feared-possible-selves-in-obsessive-compulsive-and-related-disorders-a-comparative-analysis-of-a-core-cognitive-self-construct-in-clinical-samples
#8
Frederick Aardema, Richard Moulding, Gabriele Melli, Adam S Radomsky, Guy Doron, Jean-Sebastien Audet, Magali Purcell-Lalonde
Increasingly, cognitive-behavioural models have been considering the role of beliefs about the self in the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including sensitive domains of self-concept and feared self-perceptions. This has led to the development of the Fear of Self Questionnaire (FSQ; Aardema et al., ), which has shown strong internal consistency, divergent and convergent validity, and found to be a major predictor of unwanted thoughts and impulses (i.e., repugnant obsessions)...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789721/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-behavioural-factors-associated-with-consumption-of-sweetened-beverages-among-adults-in-cambridgeshire-uk-the-fenland-study
#9
Peter Barrett, Fumiaki Imamura, Søren Brage, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita G Forouhi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify sociodemographic, lifestyle and behavioural determinants of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) among adults in Cambridgeshire, UK. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were obtained from a cohort of 9991 adults born between 1950 and 1975. An FFQ was used to assess consumption of beverages and other dietary factors. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine potential determinants of consuming SSB and ASB (≥1 serving/d)...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782571/encouraging-bigger-picture-thinking-in-an-intervention-to-target-multiple-obesogenic-health-behaviours
#10
Laura J Rennie, Ayse K Uskul
Research has shown that use of the third-person perspective to visualise a behaviour results in increased motivation to engage in the behaviour relative to the first-person perspective. This effect is claimed to operate in part because the third-person perspective leads the individual to "see the bigger picture", linking the visualised behaviour to broader goals and identities. Reasoning that this effect could be harnessed to encourage engaging in multiple behaviours that serve the same broader goal, the present study manipulated the visual perspective participants used to imagine themselves exercising, and assessed effects on cognitions and behaviour related to both exercising and healthy eating...
August 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782446/hedonic-eating-how-the-pleasure-of-food-affects-our-brains-and-behaviour
#11
Jana Rozehnalova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776585/neuroendocrinology-central-insulin-regulates-eating-behaviour
#12
Claire Greenhill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774278/cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-school-community-child-health-promotion-and-obesity-prevention-intervention-findings-from-the-evaluation-of-fun-n-healthy-in-moreland
#13
Elizabeth Waters, Lisa Gibbs, Maryanne Tadic, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Anthea Magarey, Anthony D Okely, Andrea de Silva, Christine Armit, Julie Green, Thea O'Connor, Britt Johnson, Boyd Swinburn, Lauren Carpenter, Graham Moore, Hannah Littlecott, Lisa Gold
BACKGROUND: Multi-level, longer-term obesity prevention interventions that focus on inequalities are scarce. Fun 'n healthy in Moreland! aimed to improve child adiposity, school policies and environments, parent engagement, health behaviours and child wellbeing. METHODS: All children from primary schools in an inner urban, culturally diverse and economically disadvantaged area in Victoria, Australia were eligible for participation. The intervention, fun 'n healthy in Moreland!, used a Health Promoting Schools Framework and provided schools with evidence, school research data and part time support from a Community Development Worker to develop health promoting strategies...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758252/lunch-time-food-source-is-associated-with-school-hour-and-school-day-diet-quality-among-canadian-children
#14
C N Tugault-Lafleur, J L Black, S I Barr
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on the dietary behaviours of Canadian children at school, including where students obtain food from during school hours or whether lunch-time food source influences diet quality. METHODS: Nationally representative cross-sectional data from 24-h dietary recalls were analysed from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey (n = 4589). Dietary outcomes included school hour and school day dietary intakes and School Healthy Eating Index (S-HEI) scores...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750178/modifying-an-evidence-based-lifestyle-programme-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
Simon Driver, Megan Reynolds, Kaye Kramer
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at a risk of obesity-related chronic diseases; yet, no evidence-based strategies exist to support weight management in this population. The purpose of this study was to use participatory action research to modify the Diabetes Prevention Program Group Lifestyle Balance (DPP-GLB) programme for overweight/obese people with TBI. The DPP-GLB programme provides education and self-management skills for individuals to reach their lifestyle goals through healthy eating and physical activity...
July 27, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747933/i-think-i-m-going-to-be-sick-an-eight-year-old-boy-with-emetophobia-and-secondary-food-restriction
#16
Sarabpreet Dosanjh, William Fleisher, Diana Sam
We present a case of an eight-year-old boy with a specific phobia of vomiting who developed subsequent food restriction and weight loss. Our case report includes a review of treatment modalities for specific phobias including cognitive behavioural and exposure therapy in young children and the importance of parental involvement in the treatment process. After an initial assessment and diagnosis of this boy with emetophobia, treatment took place over ten subsequent visits, one hour each in duration. His treatment included a cognitive approach utilizing exposure therapy to re-introduce foods to his diet, working through a fear hierarchy, addressing cognitive distortions/misconceptions and psychoeducational supports...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739536/time2bhealthy-an-online-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-preschool-aged-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#17
Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: The use of parent-focused internet-based programs for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity has shown promise but there is an acknowledged gap in parent-focused interventions which target the early childhood stage. METHODS: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of Time2bHealthy - an online healthy lifestyle program for parents of preschool-aged children. The program will be evaluated using a two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled design...
July 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737362/-ethnography-of-the-determinants-of-eating-behaviour-in-diabetic-schooolchildren-in-yaounde
#18
Mathilde Matchika Megaptché, André Wamba
Objective: Failure to comply with dietary recommendations exposes young insulin-dependent diabetics to a risk of acute complications of diabetes and is a subject of major concern for health care professionals, who expected young diabetics to effectively adopt the recommended eating behaviour based on the revised diet. However, the revised diet initiated by health care professionals in Cameroon has been shown to have a limited efficacy. The objective of this study was to elucidate the motivations underlying poor compliance young diabetics with dietary recommendations and which simultaneously determine their eating behaviour...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735590/effects-of-psychological-eating-behaviour-domains-on-the-association-between-socio-economic-status-and-bmi
#19
Antje Löffler, Tobias Luck, Francisca S Then, Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Alexander Pabst, Peter Kovacs, Yvonne Böttcher, Jana Breitfeld, Anke Tönjes, Annette Horstmann, Markus Löffler, Christoph Engel, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Michael Stumvoll, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates potential pathways from socio-economic status (SES) to BMI in the adult population, considering psychological domains of eating behaviour (restrained eating, uncontrolled eating, emotional eating) as potential mediators stratified for sex. DESIGN: Data were derived from the population-based cross-sectional LIFE-Adult-Study. Parallel-mediation models were conducted to obtain the total, direct and indirect effects of psychological eating behaviour domains on the association between SES and BMI for men and for women...
July 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#20
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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