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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341400/are-trans-diagnostic-models-of-eating-disorders-fit-for-purpose-a-consideration-of-the-evidence-for-food-addiction
#1
REVIEW
Janet Treasure, Monica Leslie, Rayane Chami, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Explanatory models for eating disorders have changed over time to account for changing clinical presentations. The transdiagnostic model evolved from the maintenance model, which provided the framework for cognitive behavioural therapy for bulimia nervosa. However, for many individuals (especially those at the extreme ends of the weight spectrum), this account does not fully fit. New evidence generated from research framed within the food addiction hypothesis is synthesized here into a model that can explain recurrent binge eating behaviour...
January 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331600/a-real-world-study-on-the-genetic-cognitive-and-psychopathological-differences-of-obese-patients-clustered-according-to-eating-behaviours
#2
Mariarita Caroleo, Amedeo Primerano, Marianna Rania, Matteo Aloi, Valentina Pugliese, Fabio Magliocco, Gilda Fazia, Andrea Filippo, Flora Sinopoli, Marco Ricchio, Franco Arturi, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Considering that specific genetic profiles, psychopathological conditions and neurobiological systems underlie human behaviours, the phenotypic differentiation of obese patients according to eating behaviours should be investigated. The aim of this study was to classify obese patients according to their eating behaviours and to compare these clusters in regard to psychopathology, personality traits, neurocognitive patterns and genetic profiles. METHODS: A total of 201 obese outpatients seeking weight reduction treatment underwent a dietetic visit, psychological and psychiatric assessment and genotyping for SCL6A2 polymorphisms...
December 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327216/dental-erosion-prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-a-group-of-adolescents-in-stockholm-county
#3
M Skalsky Jarkander, M Grindefjord, K Carlstedt
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of dental erosion (DE) among a group of adolescents in Stockholm County. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional cohort study was conducted at three clinics of the Public Dental Service in Stockholm County. Fifteen and 17 year old adolescents (1335) who scheduled their regular dental health examination were asked to participate. After drop-outs a sample of 1071 individuals, 547 males and 524 females were enrolled in the study...
January 11, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325757/the-role-of-fatty-acids-and-their-endocannabinoid-like-derivatives-in-the-molecular-regulation-of-appetite
#4
REVIEW
Renger F Witkamp
Intake, absorption and synthesis of fatty acids, including those produced by the intestinal microbiota are tightly monitored via specific receptors and, indirectly through their conversion into a variety of signalling molecules. The resulting information is integrated and translated to different physiological processes, including the regulation of appetite and satiation. Direct chemosensing of fatty acids takes place via interaction with free fatty acid (FFA) and other receptors. These are present in the oronasal cavity and along the entire gastrointestinal tract, in various other tissues, and, for some receptors also in brain...
January 8, 2018: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325557/bidirectional-associations-between-mothers-feeding-practices-and-child-eating-behaviours
#5
Elena Jansen, Kate E Williams, Kimberley M Mallan, Jan M Nicholson, Lynne A Daniels
BACKGROUND: This study examined bidirectional relationships between maternal feeding practices and child food responsiveness and satiety responsiveness from 2 to 5 years. METHODS: Mothers (N = 207) reported their own feeding practices and child eating behaviours using validated questionnaires at child ages 2, 3.7, and 5 years. Cross-lagged analyses were conducted to test for bidirectional effects, adjusting for child BMI z-score (based on measured weight and height) at 14 months...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324652/food-addiction-and-binge-eating-lessons-learned-from-animal-models
#6
REVIEW
Marta G Novelle, Carlos Diéguez
The feeding process is required for basic life, influenced by environment cues and tightly regulated according to demands of the internal milieu by regulatory brain circuits. Although eating behaviour cannot be considered "addictive" under normal circumstances, people can become "addicted" to this behaviour, similarly to how some people are addicted to drugs. The symptoms, cravings and causes of "eating addiction" are remarkably similar to those experienced by drug addicts, and both drug-seeking behaviour as eating addiction share the same neural pathways...
January 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320416/eating-patterns-in-patients-with-compensated-cirrhosis-a-case-control-study
#7
Camille Buscail, Valérie Bourcier, Léopold K Fezeu, Dominique Roulot, Séverine Brulé, Zahia Ben-Abdesselam, Carole Cagnot, Serge Hercberg, Pierre Nahon, Nathalie Ganne-Carrié, Chantal Julia
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence suggesting that maintaining an adequate nutritional status for patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) is relevant to prevent complications. The present study aimed to describe dietary behaviours of patients with compensated and non-complicated LC and comparing them with those of subjects from the general population. METHODS: In this case-control study, patients were volunteers enrolled in the ALICIR (ALImentation et CIRrhose) study, an observational survey nested in two French prospective cohorts of patients with biopsy-proven compensated cirrhosis related either to excessive alcohol consumption (CIRRAL) or to hepatitis B or C virus infection (CirVir)...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318342/group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-weight-regain-after-diet-in-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-randomised-controlled-power-trial
#8
Kirsten A Berk, Hanneke I M Buijks, Adrie J M Verhoeven, Monique T Mulder, Behiye Özcan, Adriaan van 't Spijker, Reinier Timman, Jan J Busschbach, Eric J Sijbrands
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Weight-loss programmes for adults with type 2 diabetes are less effective in the long term owing to regain of weight. Our aim was to determine the 2 year effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural group therapy (group-CBT) programme in weight maintenance after diet-induced weight loss in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes, using a randomised, parallel, non-blinded, pragmatic study design. METHODS: We included 158 obese adults (median BMI 36...
January 9, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317417/patients-and-therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-programme-for-eating-disorders-that-combines-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-trial-a-qualitative-study-protocol
#9
Gunn Pettersen, Jan H Rosenvinge, Maria Bakland, Rolf Wynn, Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
INTRODUCTION: Women with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder often suffer for many years before they seek professional help. Evidence-based treatments like cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) might be poorly accessible, and about 50% of those who receive CBT respond to it. Such outcome may reflect the heterogeneous nature of eating disorders, and addressing this heterogeneity calls for expanding the portfolio of treatment options. In particular, it is important to explore such options' acceptability, tolerability and affordability expressed through experiences with the treatment...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316612/association-between-diet-quality-scores-adiposity-total-cholesterol-and-markers-of-nutritional-status-in-european-adults-findings-from-the-food4me-study
#10
Rosalind Fallaize, Katherine M Livingstone, Carlos Celis-Morales, Anna L Macready, Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Cyril F M Marsaux, Clare B O'Donovan, Silvia Kolossa, George Moschonis, Marianne C Walsh, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Jildau Bouwman, Yannis Manios, Miroslaw Jarosz, J Alfredo Martinez, Hannelore Daniel, Wim H M Saris, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Michael J Gibney, John C Mathers, Julie A Lovegrove
Diet-quality scores (DQS), which are developed across the globe, are used to define adherence to specific eating patterns and have been associated with risk of coronary heart disease and type-II diabetes. We explored the association between five diet-quality scores (Healthy Eating Index, HEI; Alternate Healthy Eating Index, AHEI; MedDietScore, MDS; PREDIMED Mediterranean Diet Score, P-MDS; Dutch Healthy Diet-Index, DHDI) and markers of metabolic health (anthropometry, objective physical activity levels (PAL), and dried blood spot total cholesterol (TC), total carotenoids, and omega-3 index) in the Food4Me cohort, using regression analysis...
January 6, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315538/work-stress-health-behaviours-and-coping-strategies-in-dentists-from-cluj-napoca-romania
#11
Cristian Miron, Horaţiu Alexandru Colosi
BACKGROUND: The recognition of work stressors and their links to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and coping strategies is important for enhancing the working conditions of dentists. AIM: The aim of our study was to identify and rank work stressors in dentists from Cluj-Napoca, Romania, and to investigate their potential links to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and coping strategies. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire based on the Work Stress Inventory for Dentists (WSID) was delivered to a cross-sectional sample of 250 dentists working in six neighborhoods across Cluj-Napoca, Romania, as well as at the local Faculty of Dentistry...
January 7, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315391/international-trends-in-bottom-end-inequality-in-adolescent-physical-activity-and-nutrition-hbsc-study-2002-2014
#12
Yekaterina Chzhen, Irene Moor, William Pickett, Emilia Toczydlowska, Gonneke W J M Stevens
Background: In spite of many positive trends that have emerged in the health of young people, adolescents from more affluent groups continue to experience more favourable health outcomes. There are no groups that are more vulnerable than those who report very poor ('bottom-end') indicators of health behaviour. The present study investigated the role of socio-economic factors as potential determinants of bottom-end health behaviours pertaining to physical activity and diet. Methods: Our analysis incorporated health data for some 700 000 15-year-old adolescents in 34 countries...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314564/factors-associated-with-fruit-and-vegetable-and-total-fat-intake-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-explanatory-study
#13
Tom Deliens, Hannah Verhoeven, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Inge Huybrechts, Patrick Mullie, Peter Clarys, Benedicte Deforche
AIM: This study assessed sociodemographics, general health, personal and environmental factors associated with fruit and vegetable (F&V) and total fat intake in Belgian university students. METHODS: In total, 185 students completed a self-reported online questionnaire assessing daily F&V and fat intake, as well as sociodemographic, personal and environmental variables related to F&V and fat intake. Mean F&V and fat consumption were compared with Belgian recommendations...
January 4, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305889/tracking-diet-variety-in-childhood-and-its-association-with-eating-behaviours-related-to-appetite-the-generation-xxi-birth-cohort
#14
Sofia Vilela, Marion M Hetherington, Andreia Oliveira, Carla Lopes
Research on the influence of early eating habits on eating behaviours related to appetite using a prospective approach is scarce, especially in children. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between changes in diet variety from 4 to 7 years of age and appetitive traits measured at 7 years of age. Participants are from the population-based birth cohort Generation XXI (2005-2006). The present analysis included 4537 children with complete data on a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at both ages, and on the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire at 7y...
January 3, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302609/effectiveness-of-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-to-prevent-obesity-in-uk-primary-school-children-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Jenny Lloyd, Siobhan Creanor, Stuart Logan, Colin Green, Sarah G Dean, Melvyn Hillsdon, Charles Abraham, Richard Tomlinson, Virginia Pearson, Rod S Taylor, Emma Ryan, Lisa Price, Adam Streeter, Katrina Wyatt
Background: Although childhood overweight and obesity prevalence has increased substantially worldwide in the past three decades, scarce evidence exists for effective preventive strategies. We aimed to establish whether a school-based intervention for children aged 9-10 years would prevent excessive weight gain after 24 months. Methods: This pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP), a school-based obesity prevention intervention, was done in 32 schools in southwest England...
January 2018: The lancet child & adolescent health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289613/homeostatic-and-non-homeostatic-appetite-control-along-the-spectrum-of-physical-activity-levels-an-updated-perspective
#16
Kristine Beaulieu, Mark Hopkins, John Blundell, Graham Finlayson
The current obesogenic environment promotes physical inactivity and food consumption in excess of energy requirements, two important modifiable risk factors influencing energy balance. Habitual physical activity has been shown to impact not only energy expenditure, but also energy intake through mechanisms of appetite control. This review summarizes recent theory and evidence underpinning the role of physical activity in the homeostatic and non-homeostatic mechanisms controlling appetite. Energy intake along the spectrum of physical activity levels (inactive to highly active) appears to be J-shaped, with low levels of physical activity leading to dysregulated appetite and a mismatch between energy intake and expenditure...
December 28, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287614/effects-of-oral-exposure-to-inorganic-mercury-on-the-feeding-behaviour-and-biochemical-markers-in-yellowfin-bream-acanthopagrus-australis
#17
Cyntia Ayumi Yokota Harayashiki, Amanda Reichelt-Brushett, Ken Cowden, Kirsten Benkendorff
Mercury is a known toxic metal, but studies on the effects of inorganic mercury ingestion in aquatic organisms are scarce. The present study aimed to investigate changes in feeding behaviour and biomarkers (lipid peroxidation, acetylcholinesterase, glutathione S-transferase and catalase activities) of yellowfin bream (Acanthopagrus australis) after ingestion of inorganic mercury (control: 0.2 mg kg-1, low: 0.7 mg kg-1, medium: 2.4 mg kg-1 and high: 6 mg kg-1) over 16 days. After 4 days, exposed fish attempted feeding more often, and showed a significantly lower eating success than controls...
December 20, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284719/cross-sectional-analyses-of-participation-in-cancer-screening-and-use-of-hormone-replacement-therapy-and-medications-in-meat-eaters-and-vegetarians-the-epic-oxford-study
#18
Tammy Y N Tong, Paul N Appleby, Kathryn E Bradbury, Timothy J Key
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in health-related behaviours such as screening or testing for cancer, use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and use of other medications in different diet groups. DESIGN: We studied 31 260 participants across four diet groups (18 155 meat eaters, 5012 fish eaters, 7179 vegetarians, 914 vegans) in the UK EPIC-Oxford cohort. Information was collected in 5-year (around 2000-2003) or 10-year (around 2007) follow-up questionnaires regarding participation in breast screening, cervical screening, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, use of HRT and use of medications for the past 4 weeks...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284256/perception-of-preventive-care-and-readiness-for-lifestyle-change-in-rural-and-urban-patients-in-poland-a-questionnaire-study
#19
Maciek Godycki-Cwirko, Lech Panasiuk, Carlos Brotons, Mateja Bulc, Izabela Zakowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The idiosyncrasies of rural health demand further research to instigate rural health initiatives and to monitor progress in rural health care. In 2008, a study examined health-related behaviour, perception of importance of preventive interventions, readiness to change lifestyle and willingness to receive support from GPs, according to gender and place of residence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among patients who visited any of ten randomly-selected general practices in Poland...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282408/behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-correlates-and-impact-on-caregiver-distress
#20
Adreesh Mukherjee, Atanu Biswas, Arijit Roy, Samar Biswas, Goutam Gangopadhyay, Shyamal Kumar Das
Aims: To evaluate the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), to determine their correlation with types and stages of dementia and patient demographics, and to assess the impact on caregiver distress. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited consecutive dementia patients and caregivers who attended our cognitive clinic. Standard criteria were used to classify types of dementia. BPSD were assessed with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, and its distress scale was used for caregiver distress...
September 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
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