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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783638/the-stability-and-continuity-of-maternally-reported-and-observed-child-eating-behaviours-and-feeding-practices-across-early-childhood
#1
Faye Powell, Claire Farrow, Caroline Meyer, Emma Haycraft
Given that many eating behaviours and food preferences develop early in childhood and track across childhood, adolescence and into adulthood, interest has grown in the developmental trajectory of these behaviours. The aims of this study were twofold. First, to explore whether maternal reports of child eating behaviour and feeding practices are validated by independent observations of these constructs. Second, to explore the continuity and stability of both maternally reported and independently observed child eating behaviours and maternal feeding practices during early childhood...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781419/adherence-to-the-french-eating-model-is-inversely-associated-with-overweight-and-obesity-results-from-a-large-sample-of-french-adults
#2
Pauline Ducrot, Caroline Méjean, France Bellisle, Benjamin Allès, Serge Hercberg, Sandrine Péneau
The 'French Eating Model' characterised by structured meals and conviviality has received little attention, although it has been suggested as a potential explanation of the French paradox. This study aims at assessing the adherence to this model in French adults and whether it is associated with weight status. Eating behaviour and, in particular, number of meals per day, snacking frequency, meal time, meal duration, number of courses, position (standing, sitting), presence of others and pleasure experienced was assessed in 2014, in 47 219 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781234/the-unsafe-haven-eating-disorders-as-attachment-relationships
#3
Emma Forsén Mantilla, David Clinton, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVES: Some patients with eating disorders (EDs) seem to experience their illness as an entity, a symbolic other to whom they relate, and which may influence both symptom levels and self-image. Extending previous research, this study investigated whether the patient-ED relationship has attachment qualities. DESIGN: Structural Analysis of Social Behaviour was used to operationalize the patient-ED relationship, and the Attachment Style Questionnaire was used to measure attachment...
May 21, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777741/effect-of-exposure-to-similar-flavours-in-sensory-specific-satiety-implications-for-eating-behaviour
#4
Ana González, Sergio Andrés Recio, Jesús Sánchez, Marta Gil, Isabel de Brugada
Sensory-specific satiety (SSS) refers to a decline in pleasantness of eaten foods in comparison to other non-ingested meals. Although SSS is specific to the eaten food, it can also generalize to other meals that share similar properties to the satiated food. It is possible that this phenomenon could become more specific after extensive experience, as repeated exposure to an assortment of similar food could cause perceptual learning (i.e. an increase in the distinctiveness of each specific item). This in turn would reduce generalization from the consumed food to other similar products, so they will be more readily consumed...
May 16, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774788/emotions-as-guardians-of-group-norms-expressions-of-anger-and-disgust-drive-inferences-about-autonomy-and-purity-violations
#5
Marc W Heerdink, Lukas F Koning, Evert A van Doorn, Gerben A van Kleef
Other people's emotional reactions to a third person's behaviour are potentially informative about what is appropriate within a given situation. We investigated whether and how observers' inferences of such injunctive norms are shaped by expressions of anger and disgust. Building on the moral emotions literature, we hypothesised that angry and disgusted expressions produce relative differences in the strength of autonomy-based versus purity-based norm inferences. We report three studies (plus three supplementary studies) using different types of stimuli (vignette-based, video clips) to investigate how emotional reactions shape norms about potential norm violations (eating snacks, drinking alcohol), and contexts (groups of friends, a university, a company)...
May 18, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772803/the-impact-of-activity-based-working-abw-on-workplace-activity-eating-behaviours-productivity-and-satisfaction
#6
Lauren Arundell, Bronwyn Sudholz, Megan Teychenne, Jo Salmon, Brooke Hayward, Genevieve N Healy, Anna Timperio
The redesign of the physical workplace according to activity-based working (ABW) principles has potential to influence employee health and workplace outcomes. This natural experiment examined changes in accelerometer-derived workplace activity, self-reported eating behaviours, productivity, workplace satisfaction before (March to November 2014) and six to nine months after moving to an ABW workplace compared to a comparison workplace ( n = 146 at baseline (56% ABW, aged 40.1 ± 8.5 years, 72% female). Interviews were also conducted with 21 ABW participants...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771990/parental-involvement-could-mitigate-the-effects-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-habits-on-mental-distress-in-ghanaian-youth
#7
Franklin N Glozah, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Nuworza Kugbey
INTRODUCTION: Parental involvement in physical activity and dietary habits have been found to play a substantial role in the mental health of young people. However, there is little evidence about the associations between parental involvement, health behaviours and mental health among Ghanaian youth. This study sought to examine the role of parental involvement in the association between physical activity, dietary habits and mental health among Ghanaian youth. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2012 Ghana Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766698/eating-behaviours-of-primary-school-pupils-from-%C3%A5-l%C3%A4-skie-malopolskie-and-opolskie-voivodeships-in-poland
#8
Anna Dolipska, Mo Majerczyk, Aleksandra Góra, Karolina Janion, Elżbieta Szczepańska
Background: Nutrition is one of the major environmental factors affecting children’s physical development and health, with nutrition mistakes made in early years of life having short- and long-term health consequences. Objective: This study has been aimed at evaluating eating behaviours of primary school pupils and determining whether there are relationships between pupils’ eating habits and their area of residence. Material and methods: The study was conducted in primary schools located in the following voivodeships (administrative units) in Poland: Śląskie, Opolskie and Małopolskie, on a total sample of 1138 pupils...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765684/clawed-forelimbs-allow-northern-seals-to-eat-like-their-ancient-ancestors
#9
David P Hocking, Felix G Marx, Renae Sattler, Robert N Harris, Tahlia I Pollock, Karina J Sorrell, Erich M G Fitzgerald, Matthew R McCurry, Alistair R Evans
Streamlined flippers are often considered the defining feature of seals and sea lions, whose very name 'pinniped' comes from the Latin pinna and pedis , meaning 'fin-footed'. Yet not all pinniped limbs are alike. Whereas otariids (fur seals and sea lions) possess stiff streamlined forelimb flippers, phocine seals (northern true seals) have retained a webbed yet mobile paw bearing sharp claws. Here, we show that captive and wild phocines routinely use these claws to secure prey during processing, enabling seals to tear large fish by stretching them between their teeth and forelimbs...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762648/a-new-framework-for-conceptualizing-symptoms-in-frontotemporal-dementia-from-animal-models-to-the-clinic
#10
Stephanie Wong, Bernard W Balleine, Fiona Kumfor
Behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia is characterized by a number of ostensibly disparate clinical features, which have largely been considered independently. This Update proposes an integrated conceptual framework for these symptoms, by bringing together findings from animal studies, functional neuroimaging and behavioural neurology. The combined evidence indicates that many of the clinical symptoms--such as altered eating behaviour; overspending and susceptibility to scams; reduced empathy and socially inappropriate behaviour; apathy and stereotyped/ritualistic behaviour--can be conceptualized as a common underlying deficiency in goal-directed behaviour and the concomitant emergence of habits...
May 11, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759096/australian-consumers-views-towards-an-environmentally-sustainable-eating-pattern
#11
Davina Mann, Lukar Thornton, David Crawford, Kylie Ball
OBJECTIVE: The present qualitative study aimed to gain an in-depth understanding of participants' attitudes, knowledge, perceived effectiveness (a person's belief that his/her behaviour can contribute to environmental preservation) and behaviours relating to a sustainable eating pattern. DESIGN: One-to-one interviews (either face-to-face or by telephone) were conducted following a structured interview schedule, audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive thematic analysis in NVivo 10...
May 15, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759082/barriers-to-identifying-eating-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-postnatal-period-a-qualitative-approach
#12
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Debra Bick, Abigail Easter, Megan Kash-Macdonald, Nadia Micali
BACKGROUND: Eating Disorders (ED) are mental health disorders that typically effect women of childbearing age and are associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. UK healthcare guidance recommends routine enquiry for current and past mental illness in antenatal and postnatal care for all women, and that pregnant women with a known ED are offered enhanced monitoring and support. Midwives and health visitors are ideally placed to identify and support women with ED as they are often the primary point of contact during the antenatal and postnatal periods...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756972/dietary-patterns-physical-activity-body-mass-index-weight-related-behaviours-and-their-interrelationship-among-romanian-university-students-trends-from-2003-to-2016
#13
Lucia Maria Lotrean, Ovidiu Stan, Lencu Codruta, Valeria Laza
INTRODUCTION: promotion of a healthy diet and involvement in physical activity among young people has an important impact on their actual and future lifestyle, health and well being. OBJECTIVES: this study investigates dietary patterns, physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and weight-related behaviours as well as their interrelationship among Romanian university students. METHODS: the study used anonymous questionnaires and was performed in Cluj-Napoca, Romania in 2003 (n = 320) and 2016 (n = 320)...
January 19, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753930/the-complexity-of-self-regulating-food-intake-in-weight-loss-maintenance-a-qualitative-study-among-short-and-long-term-weight-loss-maintainers
#14
Susanne Pedersen, Falko F Sniehotta, Kirby Sainsbury, Elizabeth H Evans, Marta M Marques, R James Stubbs, Berit L Heitmann, Liisa Lähteenmäki
RATIONALE: Whether self-regulation of food intake in weight loss maintenance (WLM) differs between being a short-term maintainer (having maintained without regaining less than 12 months) and a long-term maintainer (having maintained without regaining at least 12 months) is under-researched. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the self-regulatory strategies and self-efficacy beliefs applied by short- and long-term maintainers to the complex set of behaviours comprising food intake in WLM, and to obtain a better understanding of their challenges in the various food-intake processes in WLM...
May 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753796/the-neuroendocrinology-of-the-microbiota-gut-brain-axis-a-behavioural-perspective
#15
REVIEW
Sofia Cussotto, Kiran V Sandhu, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
The human gut harbours trillions of symbiotic bacteria that play a key role in programming different aspects of host physiology in health and disease. These intestinal microbes are also key components of the gut-brain axis, the bidirectional communication pathway between the gut and the central nervous system (CNS). In addition, the CNS is closely interconnected with the endocrine system to regulate many physiological processes. An expanding body of evidence is supporting the notion that gut microbiota modifications and/or manipulations may also play a crucial role in the manifestation of specific behavioural responses regulated by neuroendocrine pathways...
May 10, 2018: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748660/the-association-of-problematic-eating-behaviours-with-food-quality-and-body-mass-index-at-7-years-of-age
#17
Sara Costa, Andreia Pinto, Ana Cristina Santos, Andreia Oliveira
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is scarce evidence of how certain eating behaviours compromise the compliance with dietary guidelines and weight status in school-aged children. This study aims to evaluate the association of children's problematic eating behaviours with food quality and body mass index at 7 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Participants were children aged 7 years old from a population-based cohort study from Porto, Portugal-Generation XXI. Children's quantity and speed of ingestion, food refusal at the table and food rewards requesting were evaluated by caregiver's perception...
May 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744972/are-socio-emotional-and-neurocognitive-functioning-predictors-of-therapeutic-outcomes-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Anna Oldershaw, Tony Lavender, Ulrike Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Emotional, social, and neurocognitive factors are theorised to maintain anorexia nervosa (AN). Yet whether they predict outcomes or relate to clinical change remains unclear. METHODS: Seventy-one consecutive adult outpatient eating disorder service referrals presenting with AN, who participated in a randomised controlled trial comparing 2 psychotherapies, were assessed for emotional processing, social cognition, and neurocognition pretherapy and posttherapy...
May 10, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744870/circadian-nutritional-behaviours-and-cancer-risk-new-insights-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Bernard Srour, Sabine Plancoulaine, Valentina A Andreeva, Philippine Fassier, Chantal Julia, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Mélanie Deschasaux, Paule Latino-Martel, Mathilde Touvier
Circadian disruption has been classified as probably carcinogenic to humans by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer. The circadian clock is subject to environmental factors, particularly light exposure and food intake rhythms. However, the association between nutritional circadian behaviours and cancer is not well understood. We investigated the longitudinal associations between number of eating episodes, night-time fasting duration, time of first and last eating episodes, as well as nutritional quality of last eating episode, respectively, with breast and prostate cancer risks, the two main cancer locations in women and men respectively...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744269/a-new-observation-on-feeding-behaviour-of-pink-bollworm-and-its-application-in-screening-bt-resistant-population
#20
A L Reyaz, N Balakrishnan, V Udayasuriyan
The pink bollworm (PBW), Pectinophora gossypiella (Saund.) does not feed on leaves in natural circumstances. We made an attempt with the first instar larva (5 days old) and found it eats the leaf in the absence of other foods. Utilizing this new feeding behaviour, a simple methodology was developed for screening of resistance in PBW against Bt cotton plants. The PBW collected from BGII Bt cotton fields (BGII-resistant population) and NBAIR culture (susceptible population) were reared under laboratory conditions for two generations...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
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