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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214633/prevention-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Jan J Barendregt, Phillipa Hay, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and quantify the effectiveness of Eating Disorder (ED) prevention interventions. METHODS: Electronic databases (including the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, MEDLINE, PsychInfo, EMBASE, and Scopus) were searched for published randomized controlled trials of ED prevention interventions from 2009 to 2015. Trials prior to 2009 were retrieved from prior reviews. RESULTS: One hundred and twelve articles were included...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213204/a-description-of-an-obesogenic-eating-style-that-promotes-higher-energy-intake-and-is-associated-with-greater-adiposity-in-4-5year-old-children-results-from-the-gusto-cohort
#2
Anna Fogel, Ai Ting Goh, Lisa R Fries, Suresh Anand Sadananthan, S Sendhil Velan, Navin Michael, Mya Thway Tint, Marielle Valerie Fortier, Mei Jun Chan, Jia Ying Toh, Yap-Seng Chong, Kok Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Lynette P Shek, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman, Yung Seng Lee, Keith M Godfrey, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Ciarán G Forde
Recent findings confirm that faster eating rates support higher energy intakes within a meal and are associated with increased body weight and adiposity in children. The current study sought to identify the eating behaviours that underpin faster eating rates and energy intake in children, and to investigate their variations by weight status and other individual differences. Children (N=386) from the Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) cohort took part in a video-recorded ad libitum lunch at 4...
February 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#3
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212449/energy-intake-and-energy-expenditure-of-pre-professional-female-contemporary-dancers
#4
Meghan A Brown, Glyn Howatson, Edel Quin, Emma Redding, Emma J Stevenson
Many athletes in aesthetic and weight dependent sports are at risk of energy imbalance. However little is known about the exercise and eating behaviours of highly trained dance populations. This investigation sought to determine the energy intake and energy expenditure of pre-professional female contemporary dancers. Twenty-five female contemporary dance students completed the study. Over a 7-day period, including five week days (with scheduled dance training at a conservatoire) and two weekend days (with no scheduled dance training at the conservatoire), energy intake (self-reported weighed food diary and 24 h dietary recall) and expenditure (tri-axial accelerometry) were recorded...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211112/impact-of-a-targeted-direct-marketing-price-promotion-intervention-buywell-on-food-purchasing-behaviour-by-low-income-consumers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
M Stead, A M MacKintosh, A Findlay, L Sparks, A S Anderson, K Barton, D Eadie
BACKGROUND: Price promotions are a promising intervention for encouraging healthier food purchasing. We aimed to assess the impact of a targeted direct marketing price promotion combined with healthy eating advice and recipe suggestions on the purchase of selected healthier foods by low income consumers. METHODS: We conducted a randomised controlled trial (n = 53 367) of a direct marketing price promotion (Buywell) combined with healthy eating advice and recipe suggestions for low income consumers identified as 'less healthy' shoppers...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208851/2d-4d-ratio-and-its-implications-in-medicine
#6
Saravanakumar Jeevanandam, Prathibha K Muthu
Digit ratios, especially 2D:4D ratio, a potential proxy marker for prenatal androgen exposure shows sexual dimorphism. Existing literature and recent research show accumulating evidence on 2D:4D ratio showing correlations with various phenotypic traits in humans. Ratio of 2D:4D is found to correlate negatively to testosterone and positively to oestrogen in the foetus. Interestingly, it is constant since birth and not influenced by the adult hormone levels. Usually, males have lower ratios when compared to females...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207753/analysis-of-diagnoses-extracted-from-electronic-health-records-in-a-large-mental-health-case-register
#7
Yevgeniya Kovalchuk, Robert Stewart, Matthew Broadbent, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson
The UK government has recently recognised the need to improve mental health services in the country. Electronic health records provide a rich source of patient data which could help policymakers to better understand needs of the service users. The main objective of this study is to unveil statistics of diagnoses recorded in the Case Register of the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, one of the largest mental health providers in the UK and Europe serving a source population of over 1.2 million people residing in south London...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205158/understanding-food-fussiness-and-its-implications-for-food-choice-health-weight-and-interventions-in-young-children-the-impact-of-professor-jane-wardle
#8
REVIEW
E Leigh Gibson, Lucy Cooke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the concepts of fussy eating and food neophobia in the context of key determinants of the development of children's food preferences. We discuss the evidence for genetic versus parental and other environmental influences on the ontogeny of these behavioural traits and the implications of current knowledge for interventions that attempt to lessen the impact of these traits on children's diets. Finally, we consider whether these traits increase the risk of a child becoming obese, or alternatively, underweight and malnourished...
February 16, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203032/icelandic-herring-eating-killer-whales-feed-at-night
#9
Gaëtan Richard, Olga A Filatova, Filipa I P Samarra, Ivan D Fedutin, Marc Lammers, Patrick J Miller
Herring-eating killer whales debilitate herring with underwater tail slaps and likely herd herring into tighter schools using a feeding-specific low-frequency pulsed call ('herding' call). Feeding on herring may be dependent upon daylight, as the whales use their white underside to help herd herring; however, feeding at night has not been investigated. The production of feeding-specific sounds provides an opportunity to use passive acoustic monitoring to investigate feeding behaviour at different times of day...
2017: Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196327/food-parenting-practices-and-their-association-with-child-nutrition-risk-status-comparing-mothers-and-fathers
#10
Jessica Charlotte Watterworth, Joy Miranda Mackay, Andrea C Buchholz, Gerarda Darlington, Janis A Randall Simpson, David W L Ma, Jess Haines
In Canada, little is known about how food parenting practices are associated with young children's dietary intakes and no studies have examined food parenting practices of Canadian fathers. This study aimed to examine associations between food parenting practices and preschool-age children's nutrition risk. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 31 two-parent families; 31 mothers, 31 fathers and 40 preschool-age children. Parents completed an adapted version of the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire...
February 14, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192218/perceived-eating-norms-and-children-s-eating-behaviour-an-informational-social-influence-account
#11
Maxine Sharps, Eric Robinson
There is initial evidence that beliefs about the eating behaviour of others (perceived eating norms) can influence children's vegetable consumption, but little research has examined the mechanisms explaining this effect. In two studies we aimed to replicate the effect that perceived eating norms have on children's vegetable consumption, and to explore mechanisms which may underlie the influence of perceived eating norms on children's vegetable consumption. Study 1 investigated whether children follow perceived eating norms due to a desire to maintain personal feelings of social acceptance...
February 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191628/to-graze-or-gorge-consistency-and-flexibility-of-individual-foraging-tactics-in-tits
#12
Nicole D Milligan, Reinder Radersma, Ella F Cole, Ben C Sheldon
An individual's foraging behaviour and time allocated to feeding have direct consequences for its fitness. Despite much research on population-level foraging decisions, few studies have investigated individual differences in fine-scale daily foraging patterns amongst wild animals. Here, we explore the consistency and plasticity of feeding tactics of individual great tits (Parus major) and blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus), using a grid of 65 automated feeding stations in a 385-ha woodland, during three winters...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179204/understanding-maternal-dietary-choices-during-pregnancy-the-role-of-social-norms-and-mindful-eating
#13
A D Hutchinson, M Charters, I Prichard, C Fletcher, C Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Serious health complications associated with excessive weight have been documented for pregnant women and their babies during pregnancy, birth and beyond. Whilst research has focused on identifying particular foods that can be either detrimental or essential for the developing baby, pregnant women's food choices are likely determined by broader considerations. This study examined social influences as represented in reports of descriptive and injunctive social norms related to healthy eating during pregnancy, and individual differences in mindfulness while eating, as important potential correlates of pregnant women's self-reported diet...
February 5, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176591/promoting-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-and-well-being-among-nursing-students
#14
Patsy McSharry, Fiona Timmins
First-year university students often embark on university life with excitement. In addition to experiencing greater freedom, they begin to take responsibility for their lives. However, it can be challenging for students to balance their studies with their new self-care responsibilities, while forming peer relationships. Some students may eat a suboptimal diet, for example they may regularly consume 'fast food' rather than healthier alternatives. Their physical activity may also decrease, as a result of time constraints and/or lifestyle choices...
February 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174144/eating-and-rumination-behaviour-in-cows-with-traumatic-reticuloperitonitis
#15
U Braun, T Tschoner, M Hässig, K Nuss
Eating and rumination behaviour in 22 cows with traumatic reticuloperitonitis was recorded after the start of treatment. Based on the results of clinical, ultrasonographic and radiographic examinations, the cows were divided into two groups: Group A consisted of 12 cows without an intramural or perforating foreign body and group B had 10 cows with an intramural or perforating foreign body. Cows of group A received amoxicillin, flunixin meglumine and a NaCl-glucose infusion, and cows of group B received the same treatment accompanied by foreign body removal via ruminotomy...
February 2017: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173782/healthesteps%C3%A2-study-protocol-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-promoting-active-living-and-healthy-lifestyles-in-at-risk-canadian-adults-delivered-in-primary-care-and-community-based-clinics
#16
Dawn P Gill, Wendy Blunt, Cassandra Bartol, Roseanne W Pulford, Ashleigh De Cruz, P Karen Simmavong, Adam Gavarkovs, Ian Newhouse, Erin Pearson, Bayley Ostenfeldt, Barbi Law, Kristina Karvinen, Pertice Moffit, Gareth Jones, Cori Watson, Guangyong Zou, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is one of the leading causes of chronic disease in Canadian adults. With less than 50% of Canadian adults reaching the recommended amount of daily physical activity, there is an urgent need for effective programs targeting this risk factor. HealtheSteps™ is a healthy lifestyle prescription program, developed from an extensive research base to address risk factors for chronic disease such as physical inactivity, sedentary behaviour and poor eating habits...
February 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166797/impact-of-physical-activity-level-and-dietary-fat-content-on-passive-overconsumption-of-energy-in-non-obese-adults
#17
Kristine Beaulieu, Mark Hopkins, John Blundell, Graham Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Passive overconsumption is the increase in energy intake driven by the high-fat energy-dense food environment. This can be explained in part because dietary fat has a weaker effect on satiation (i.e. process that terminates feeding). Habitually active individuals show improved satiety (i.e. process involved in post-meal suppression of hunger) but any improvement in satiation is unknown. Here we examined whether habitual physical activity mitigates passive overconsumption through enhanced satiation in response to a high-fat meal...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165655/are-loss-of-control-while-eating-and-overeating-valid-constructs-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Andrea B Goldschmidt
BACKGROUND: Binge eating is a marker of weight gain and obesity, and a hallmark feature of eating disorders. Yet its component constructs - overeating and loss of control (LOC) while eating - are poorly understood and difficult to measure. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to critically review the human literature concerning the validity of LOC and overeating across the age and weight spectrum. DATA SOURCES: English-language articles addressing the face, convergent, discriminant and predictive validity of LOC and overeating were included...
February 6, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164449/role-of-sleep-and-circadian-disruption-on-energy-expenditure-and-in-metabolic-predisposition-to-human-obesity-and-metabolic-disease
#19
REVIEW
A W McHill, K P Wright
Weight gain, obesity and diabetes have reached alarming levels in the developed world. Traditional risk factors such as over-eating, poor nutritional choices and lack of exercise cannot fully account for the high prevalence of metabolic disease. This review paper examines the scientific evidence on two novel risk factors that contribute to dys-regulated metabolic physiology: sleep disruption and circadian misalignment. Specifically, fundamental relationships between energy metabolism and sleep and circadian rhythms and the impact of sleep and circadian disruption on metabolic physiology are examined...
February 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155875/subjective-craving-and-event-related-brain-response-to-olfactory-and-visual-chocolate-cues-in-binge-eating-and-healthy-individuals
#20
I Wolz, A Sauvaget, R Granero, G Mestre-Bach, M Baño, V Martín-Romera, M Veciana de Las Heras, S Jiménez-Murcia, A Jansen, A Roefs, F Fernández-Aranda
High-sugar/high-fat foods are related to binge-eating behaviour and especially people with low inhibitory control may encounter elevated difficulties to resist their intake. Incentive sensitization to food-related cues might lead to increased motivated attention towards these stimuli and to cue-induced craving. To investigate the combined influence of olfactory and visual stimuli on craving, inhibitory control and motivated attention, 20 healthy controls and 19 individuals with binge-eating viewed chocolate and neutral pictures, primed by chocolate or neutral odours...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
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