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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702719/dietary-iron-intake-and-availability-are-related-to-maternal-education-level-in-overweight-obese-adolescents
#1
Chaleelak Thongprasert, Carol Hutchinson, Warapone Satheannoppakao, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul
PURPOSE: To compare intakes of dietary iron and enhancers and inhibitors of iron absorption between overweight/obese (OW/OB) adolescents and their normal weight (NW) peers, and between parental education levels stratified by weight status. METHODS: This was a comparative cross-sectional study of adolescents (n 121 OW/OB and n 102 NW) aged 12-14 years, attending a secondary school in Nonthaburi province, Thailand. Socio-demographic data were obtained from participants' parents using a questionnaire...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682697/affective-responses-to-intermittent-physical-activity-in-healthy-weight-and-overweight-obese-elementary-school-age-children
#2
Matthew R Nagy, Molly P O'Sullivan, Shannon S Block, Trevor R Tooley, Leah E Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi, Rebecca E Hasson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of intermittent physical activity (2-minute bouts of varying intensities) on psychological mood and enjoyment in elementary school-age children and to examine the effect of weight status on these psychological outcomes. METHODS: Thirty-nine children [healthy weight (HW), n=26; overweight/obese (OW/OB), n=13] completed four experimental conditions in random order which consisted of 8 hours of sitting interrupted with 20, 2-minute low-, moderate- or high-intensity activity breaks or 20, 2-minute screen-time breaks...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636414/non-dipping-status-and-selected-adipokines-concentration-in-children-with-primary-arterial-hypertension
#3
Agnieszka Jędzura, Piotr Adamczyk, Omar Bjanid, Elżbieta Świętochowska, Dagmara Roszkowska-Bjanid, Anna Baraniecka, Beata Banaszak, Krzysztof Plesiński, Aurelia Morawiec-Knysak, Katarzyna Ziora, Maria Szczepańska
High blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents is associated with increased risk of persistent hypertension (HT) in adulthood and, consequently, cardiovascular disease and target organ damage. AIM: The values of selected anthropometric parameters and laboratory test results including leptin and apelin concentration were evaluated with regard to averaged values of office BP measurements and 24-hour ABPM. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 55 children: 23-with primary HT and coexisting overweight or obese (HT-OB), 16-with primary HT and normal weight (HT-NW), and 16 healthy children (C)...
June 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636003/in-vitro-modulation-of-gut-microbiota-by-whey-protein-to-preserve-intestinal-health
#4
T Sánchez-Moya, R López-Nicolás, D Planes, C A González-Bermúdez, G Ros-Berruezo, C Frontela-Saseta
The effect of several types of whey milk - cow, sheep, goat and a mixture of them (60 : 20 : 20, respectively) - was assessed in the human gut microbiota. The prebiotic potential of these substrates was evaluated through in vitro gastrointestinal digestion following faecal batch culture fermentations (mimicking colonic fermentation) for 48 hours, using faeces from normal-weight (NW) and obese (OB) donors. Throughout the fermentation process, pH, gas production, short chain and branched fatty acids (SCFA-BCFA) were measured, as well as the changes of microbiota using qPCR...
June 21, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611655/obesity-and-co-morbid-conditions-are-associated-with-specific-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#5
Ashley H Sanderlin, David Todem, Andrea C Bozoki
Background: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) in MCI, and midlife obesity increase the likelihood of developing Alzheimer's disease. It is unknown whether obesity or related health conditions modify the risk of NPS or severity of cognitive impairment in MCI. Methods: One hundred and thirteen subjects with MCI were assessed near the time of MCI diagnosis. The sample was divided by BMI and related disorders, type-2 diabetes (T2D) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to measure the relationship of these groups with NPS and severity of MCI...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586943/oxytocin-and-its-relationship-to-body-composition-bone-mineral-density-and-hip-geometry-across-the-weight-spectrum
#6
Melanie Schorr, Dean A. Marengi, Reitumetse Pulumo, Elaine Yu, Kamryn T. Eddy, Anne Klibanski, Karen K. Miller, Elizabeth A. Lawson
Context: Oxytocin (OXT), an anorexigenic hypothalamic hormone anabolic to bone, may reflect energy availability. Basal serum OXT levels are lower in anorexia nervosa (AN, state of energy deficit) than healthy controls (HC) and negatively associated with spine bone density (BMD). However, reports are conflicting regarding OXT levels in overweight/obesity (OB, state of energy excess). Furthermore, relationships between OXT and BMD in OB and hip geometry across the weight spectrum are unknown...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578355/synergistic-effect-of-energy-drinks-and-overweight-obesity-on-cardiac-autonomic-testing-using-the-valsalva-maneuver-in-university-students
#7
Farrukh Majeed, Talay Yar, Ahmed Alsunni, Ali Fouad Alhawaj, Ahmed AlRahim, Muneer Alzaki
BACKGROUND: Obesity and caffeine consumption may lead to autonomic disturbances that can result in a wide range of cardiovascular disorders. OBJECTIVES: To determine autonomic disturbances produced by the synergistic effects of overweight or obesity (OW/OB) and energy drinks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, analytical. SETTING: Physiology department at a university in Saudi Arabia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: University students, 18-22 years of age, of normal weight (NW) and OW/OB were recruited by convenience sampling...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557382/parental-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-the-risk-of-offspring-weight-and-body-mass-index-change-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#8
N Zalbahar, J Najman, H D McIntyre, A Mamun
The purpose of this study was to examine the association of parental pre-pregnancy weight and body mass index (BMI) on offspring weight and BMI change from childhood to adulthood. We analysed BMI data from a subsample of parents (n = 1494) from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy cohort that started in the early 1980s in Brisbane, Australia: data were collected at pre-pregnancy and then also for offspring at 5, 14 and 21-year follow-ups. Multiple regression for continuous outcomes and multinomial regression for categorical outcomes were performed...
May 30, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547978/correlation-between-obesity-and-prognostic-predictive-parameters-with-emphasis-on-the-importance-of-lymph-node-metastases-in-patients-with-invasive-breast-carcinoma
#9
Orsolya Hankó-Bauer, Rares Georgescu, Marius F Coros, Monica Boros, Iulia Barsan, Simona Stolnicu
We aimed to evaluate whether obese women experience more advanced invasive breast carcinoma (IBC) with a higher number of involved lymph nodes, higher range of axillary lymph node ratio (LNR) and presence and size of extracapsular extension as it may have an impact on prognosis and management. 245 patients diagnosed with IBC were divided into normal weight (NW), overweight (OW) and obese (OB) groups. Patients were divided into high range of LNR (LNR over or equal to 0.2) and low LNR (LNR less than 0.2). The extracapsular extension dimensions were measured on the original slides of each case and grouped into ≤ 1 mm and > 1 mm...
2017: Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545081/perturbed-adipose-tissue-hydrogen-peroxide-metabolism-in-centrally-obese-men-association-with-insulin-resistance
#10
May G Akl, Eman Fawzy, Maha Deif, Ayman Farouk, Amany K Elshorbagy
OBJECTIVE: Although adipose tissue hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and its metabolizing enzymes have been linked to obesity and insulin resistance in animal studies, this relation remains to be evaluated in humans. METHODS: Non-diabetic men (N = 43, median age, 49 (37, 54 y)) undergoing abdominal surgeries were studied. Participants were classified by body mass index (BMI) into normal-weight (N = 19), or overweight/obese (Ow/Ob; BMI ≥25; N = 24). Centrally obese men were identified by waist-height ratio ≥0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513622/human-milk-insulin-is-related-to-maternal-plasma-insulin-and-bmi-but-other-components-of-human-milk-do-not-differ-by-bmi
#11
B E Young, Z Patinkin, C Palmer, B de la Houssaye, L A Barbour, T Hernandez, J E Friedman, N F Krebs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The impact of maternal BMI and insulin sensitivity on bioactive components of human milk (HM) is not well understood. As the prevalence of obesity and diabetes rises, it is increasingly critical that we understand how maternal BMI and hormones associated with metabolic disease relate to concentrations of bioactive components in HM. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This longitudinal cohort design followed 48 breastfeeding mothers through the first four months of lactation, collecting fasting morning HM samples at 2-weeks and 1, 2, 3 and 4-months, and fasting maternal blood at 2-weeks and 4-months...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511904/analysis-of-the-association-of-leptin-and-adiponectin-concentrations-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-results-from-the-idefics-study
#12
A Nappo, E M González-Gil, W Ahrens, K Bammann, N Michels, L A Moreno, Y Kourides, L Iacoviello, S Mårild, A Fraterman, D Molnàr, T Veidebaum, A Siani, P Russo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adipokines may play a role in the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children. We aimed to evaluate the association of leptin, adiponectin, and its ratio (L/A ratio) with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a subsample of the IDEFICS (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS) cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Leptin, adiponectin and MetS parameters were measured in a subsample of 1253 children (3-9...
June 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462075/plasma-2-arachidonoylglycerol-is-a-biomarker-of-age-and-menopause-related-insulin-resistance-and-dyslipidemia-in-lean-but-not-in-obese-men-and-women
#13
Flaminia Fanelli, Marco Mezzullo, Ilaria Belluomo, Valentina Diana Di Lallo, Margherita Baccini, Daniela Ibarra Gasparini, Elena Casadio, Marianna Mastroroberto, Valentina Vicennati, Alessandra Gambineri, Antonio Maria Morselli-Labate, Renato Pasquali, Uberto Pagotto
OBJECTIVE: The endocannabinoid system hypertonicity features obesity. Excess circulating 2-arachidonoylglycerol was variously associated with obesity-related metabolic impairment; however, unstandardized experimental and analytical settings have clouded its usefulness as a dysmetabolism biomarker. We aimed at assessing the influence of body mass index (BMI), menopause in women, and aging in men on 2-arachidonoylglycerol relationship with metabolic parameters. METHODS: Adult, unmedicated women (premenopausal (preMW): n = 103; menopausal (MW): n = 81) and men (n = 144) were stratified in normal weight (NW; BMI: 18...
May 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441444/contexts-of-occurrence-of-child-malnutrition-in-the-district-of-villaguay-entre-r%C3%A3-os-argentina-a-multivariate-analysis
#14
María Laura Bergel Sanchís, María Florencia Cesani, Evelia Edith Oyhenart
The analysis of nutritional status is anthropologically important to address the complex interaction of biological, social, political, economic and cultural factors. To deepen the knowledge about contexts of occurrence of child malnutrition, we analyzed nutritional status in relation to socio-environmental conditions of residence in children between three and six years from Villaguay, Entre Ríos, Argentina. We performed a cross-sectional study of 1,435 school children of both sexes. Body weight and height were measured and prevalence of low height/age (LH/A), low weight/age (LW/A), low BMI/age (LBMI/A), overweight (Ow) and obesity (Ob) was calculated using World Health Organization reference charts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424127/analysis-of-mortality-in-traumatically-injured-patients-based-on-body-mass-index-and-mechanism-reveals-highest-mortality-among-the-underweight-in-comparison-with-the-ideal-weight-patients
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kevin Treto, Karen Safcsak, David Chesire, Indermeet S Bhullar
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on mortality after traumatic injury. The records of patients from 2012 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were stratified into the following groups based on admission BMI (kg/m2): underweight (UW) (BMI <19), ideal weight (IW) (BMI = 19-24.9), overweight (OW) (BMI = 25-29.9), obese (OB) (BMI = 30-39.9), and morbid obese (MO) (BMI >40). The groups were well matched with no significant differences in demographics and Injury Severity Score...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362361/time-trend-and-demographic-and-geographic-disparities-in-childhood-obesity-prevalence-in-china-evidence-from-twenty-years-of-longitudinal-data
#16
Peng Jia, Hong Xue, Ji Zhang, Youfa Wang
Childhood overweight and obesity (ow/ob) has become a serious threat to many countries, including China. However, limited evidence was obtained from longitudinal data in China. This study examined the secular trends and geographic variation in the prevalence of ow/ob and obesity only, and age, gender, and urban-rural disparities among school-aged children across China. Data from children aged 6-17 surveyed in China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) from 1991 (n = 2712) to 2011 (n = 1054) were used. Overweight and obesity were defined based on the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) recommended Asian age-sex-specific BMI cut-off-points...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346353/intake-and-dietary-food-sources-of-fibre-in-spain-differences-with-regard-to-the-prevalence-of-excess-body-weight-and-abdominal-obesity-in-adults-of-the-anibes-study
#17
Liliana G González-Rodríguez, José Miguel Perea Sánchez, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa M Ortega
The aim was to study the intake and food sources of fibre in a representative sample of Spanish adults and to analyse its association with excess body weight and abdominal obesity. A sample of 1655 adults (18-64 years) from the ANIBES ("Anthropometric data, macronutrients and micronutrients intake, practice of physical activity, socioeconomic data and lifestyles") cross-sectional study was analysed. Fibre intake and dietary food sources were determined by using a three-day dietary record. Misreporters were identified using the protocol of the European Food Safety Authority...
March 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287630/overweight-and-obesity-in-mexican-children-and-adolescents-during-the-last-25-years
#18
S Hernández-Cordero, L Cuevas-Nasu, M C Morán-Ruán, I Méndez-Gómez Humarán, M A Ávila-Arcos, J A Rivera-Dommarco
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to provide current estimates of the prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity (OW+OB) in Mexican children and adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Body mass index objectively measured was analyzed for 37 147 children and adolescents aged 0-19 years obtained in 2012 as part of the National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT-2012), a nationally representative sample of the Mexican population. In addition, data from previous National Nutrition Surveys obtained in 1988, 1999 and 2006 were compared with analyze trends over a 24-year period (1988-2012) for children <5 years of age and adolescents and over a 13-year period (1999-2012) for school-age children...
March 13, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286355/the-moderating-role-of-body-dissatisfaction-in-the-relationship-between-adhd-symptoms-and-disordered-eating-in-pediatric-overweight-and-obesity
#19
Marissa A Gowey, Sarah Stromberg, Crystal S Lim, David M Janicke
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors linked to disordered eating in overweight and obesity (OV/OB) may provide a better understanding of youth at risk for disordered eating. This project examined whether ADHD symptoms and body dissatisfaction were associated with disordered eating. METHODS: ADHD symptoms, disordered eating, and body dissatisfaction were assessed in 220 youth ages 7-12 who were OV/OB. RESULTS: Multiple linear regressions showed that body dissatisfaction and ADHD symptoms were associated with disordered eating...
2017: Children's Health Care: Journal of the Association for the Care of Children's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245565/prevalence-and-determinants-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-from-migrant-and-seasonal-farmworker-families-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-assessment
#20
REVIEW
Yuen Mei Lim, SuJin Song, Won O Song
Overweight and obesity (OW/OB) is a pressing health concern among migrant and seasonal farmworker (MSFW) families in the US. The limited number of previously reported research on MSFW families suggests that their unique sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle predispose them to poor health outcomes including OW/OB. We aimed to synthesize and assess available data on the prevalence and modifiable health determinants of OW/OB in MSFW children and adolescents. Literature search, study selection, data extraction and synthesis, and qualitative assessment of selected studies were performed independently by two authors...
February 24, 2017: Nutrients
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