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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656571/daily-snacking-occasions-and-weight-status-among-us-children-aged-1-to-5-years
#1
Alexandria Kachurak, Adam Davey, Regan L Bailey, Jennifer O Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To characterize associations of snacking frequency with weight status among US children aged 1 to 5 years. METHODS: Participants were children (n = 4,669) aged 1 to 5 years in the 2005 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Snacking was assessed by two 24-hour dietary recalls using definitions that considered "snack" occasions as well as other foods/beverages consumed between meals. Overweight/obesity (OW/OB) was defined using percentile cutoffs: ≥ 97...
April 14, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601502/demographics-and-psychological-factors-associated-with-adiposity-in-nurses
#2
Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Reyna Sámano, Daniela Chinchilla-Ochoa, Rosa Morales-Hernández, Ana Rodríguez-Ventura
Adiposity-based chronic disease (ABCD), overweight-Ow- or obesity-Ob-) in health personnel is as frequent as in the general population, even though they understand well the importance of maintaining a healthy weight. Thus, it is highly likely that certain demographic and psychological conditions, independently of knowledge, are contributing to develop ABCD. The aim of this study was to examine the association between these factors and ABCD in nurses. Data were collected from a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary level institute in Mexico City from 2012 to 2013...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555128/sleep-problems-in-adolescence-and-overweight-obesity-in-young-adults-is-there-a-causal-link
#3
Yaqoot Fatima, Suhail A R Doi, Abdullah Al Mamun
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore if there is a causal association between adolescence sleep problems and overweight/obesity (Ow/Ob) in young adults. METHODS: Youth self-reports were used to explore if adolescence (mean age 13.90 years, SD ±0.32) sleep problems lead to general Ow/Ob, computed from body mass index (n = 1075), or abdominal Ow/Ob, computed from waist circumference and waist to height ratio (n = 1179), in young adults (mean age 20.65 years, SD±0...
April 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523875/insulin-sensitivity-is-reduced-in-children-with-high-body-fat-regardless-of-bmi
#4
Timothy J Fairchild, Heidi Klakk, Malene Heidemann, Anders Grøntved, Niels Wedderkopp
PURPOSE: To examine the association between insulin sensitivity and adiposity in children stratified according to their body mass index (BMI: normal weight, NW; overweight or obese, OW/OB) and body-fat percentage (BF%: adipose or NonAdipose), and determine whether cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) ameliorates any deleterious associations. METHODS: This prospective cohort study comprises a cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of data collected at baseline and 2 years later on children (7...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508366/prevalence-of-obesity-in-italian-adolescents-does-the-use-of-different-growth-charts-make-the-difference
#5
Luca De Carli, Elena Spada, Silvano Milani, Gian Pasquale Ganzit, Lucia Ghizzoni, Melissa Raia, Alessandra Coscia, Enrico Bertino, Simona Bo
BACKGROUND: Since populations are becoming increasingly multi-ethnic, the use of local or international charts is a matter of debate. This study aimed to evaluate how the choice of cut-off thresholds affected prevalence of underweight (UW), overweight (OW), obesity (OB) in 1200 11-12-year Italian adolescents, and how their somatic growth depended on parental origin. METHODS: The height, weight and body mass index were expressed as standard deviation score (SDS) using Italian (ISPED-2006) and UK (UK-1990) charts...
March 5, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506764/association-between-the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-val66met-polymorphism-and-overweight-obesity-in-pediatric-population
#6
José Darío Martínez-Ezquerro, Mario Enrique Rendón-Macías, Gerardo Zamora-Mendoza, Jacobo Serrano-Meneses, Beatriz Rosales-Rodríguez, Deyanira Escalante-Bautista, Maricela Rodríguez-Cruz, Raúl Sánchez-González, Yessica Arellano-Pineda, Mardia López-Alarcón, María Cecilia Zampedri, Haydeé Rosas-Vargas
BACKGROUND: The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) rs6265 (G196A; Val66Met) single nucleotide polymorphism has been associated with BMI and obesity in distinct populations, both adult and pediatric, with contradictory results involving either Val or Met as the risk variant. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the association between the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and BMI in Mexican children and adolescents. METHODS: BDNF Val66Met genotyping by restriction fragment length polymorphism and nutritional status characterized by their BMI-for-age z-scores (BAZ) from pediatric volunteers (n = 498) were analyzed by Fisher's exact test association analysis...
March 2, 2018: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498693/diurnal-variation-of-sweet-taste-recognition-thresholds-is-absent-in-overweight-and-obese-humans
#7
Keisuke Sanematsu, Yuki Nakamura, Masatoshi Nomura, Noriatsu Shigemura, Yuzo Ninomiya
Sweet taste thresholds are positively related to plasma leptin levels in normal weight humans: both show parallel diurnal variations and associations with postprandial glucose and insulin rises. Here, we tested whether this relationship also exists in overweight and obese (OW/Ob) individuals with hyperleptinemia. We tested 36 Japanese OW/Ob subjects (body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m²) for recognition thresholds for various taste stimuli at seven different time points from 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. using the staircase methodology, and measured plasma leptin, insulin, and blood glucose levels before each taste threshold measurement...
March 2, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479203/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-canadian-children-2004-to-2013-impact-of-socioeconomic-determinants
#8
Celia Rodd, Atul K Sharma
Background: We recently reported an encouraging decline in the prevalence of overweight (OW) or obesity (OB) in Canadian children from 31% to 27% with stabilization in OB rates at ~13% using national survey data between 2004 and 2013. Although rates were lower for toddlers, girls and those of European (White) race-ethnicity, secular trends persisted after adjustment. In this follow-up study, we explored the ability of socioeconomic status to explain or modify these relationships using the same data set...
June 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478427/what-factors-may-contribute-to-sex-differences-in-childhood-obesity-prevalence-in-china
#9
Vivian Hc Wang, Jungwon Min, Hong Xue, Shufa Du, Fei Xu, Huijun Wang, Youfa Wang
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies in China showed large sex differences in childhood overweight and obesity (OW/OB) rates. However, limited research has examined the cause of these sex differences. The present study aimed to examine individual and parental/familial factors associated with sex differences in childhood OW/OB rates in China. DESIGN: Variables associated with child weight status, beliefs and behaviours, and obesity-related parenting practices were selected to examine their sex differences and association with a sex difference in child OW/OB outcomes using logistic regression analysis...
February 26, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397047/metabolic-correlates-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-overweight-and-obese-adolescents
#10
Chih-Ting Lee, Chung-Ying Lin, Carol Strong, Yu-Fang Lin, Yen-Yin Chou, Meng-Che Tsai
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the metabolic factors associated with the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among obese youths. The aim of this study is to assess metabolic correlates of HRQOL in a clinical sample of Taiwanese overweight and obese (OW/OB) adolescents. METHODS: OW/OB adolescents (age 11-19 years) were recruited and compared to their normal-weight counterparts in a tertiary hospital. HRQOL was assessed by the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL)...
February 3, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393152/clinical-significance-of-serum-uric-acid-levels-in-mexican-young-adults
#11
Araceli Alegría-Díaz, Rafael Valdez-Ortiz, Miguel Murguía-Romero, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, Rafael Villalobos-Molina, Srinivas Mummidi, Ravindranth Duggirala, Juan C López-Alvarenga, Monserrat Pérez-Navarro
BACKGROUND: High serum uric acid concentration (SUA >6 for women [W] or 7 mg/dL for men [M]) in adults is an independent risk factor for causing cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD); the risk of high SUA in young population is still being debated. SUMMARY: We conducted an epidemiological study to determine the association between SUA quartiles with cardiometabolic risk factors (CRF) and renal impairment in apparently healthy young adults. CRF (dyslipidemia, overweight [Ow], obesity [Ob], blood pressure [BP], hyperglycemia, insulin resistance [IR]) and renal impairment were defined as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by CKD-Epidemiology Collaboration formula >130/120, <90 mL/min/1...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384462/an-open-trial-targeting-emotional-eating-among-adolescents-with-overweight-or-obesity
#12
Kerri N Boutelle, Abby Braden, Stephanie Knatz-Peck, Leslie K Anderson, Kyung E Rhee
Emotional eating is associated with obesity and disordered eating in adolescents, and thus, is an important target for treatment. We developed a program called PEER (Preventing Emotional Eating Routines), which incorporates emotion regulation skills with behavioral weight loss and parenting techniques for adolescents who are overweight or obese (OW/OB) and their parent. This open label trial evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of the PEER program. Thirty adolescents who were OW/OB (86...
January 2018: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280312/dysbiosis-signatures-of-gut-microbiota-along-the-sequence-from-healthy-young-patients-to-those-with-overweight-and-obesity
#13
Renyuan Gao, Cuiling Zhu, Hao Li, Mingming Yin, Cheng Pan, Linsheng Huang, Cheng Kong, Xingchun Wang, Yi Zhang, Shen Qu, Huanlong Qin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the gut microbiota in healthy volunteers (HVs), patients with overweight (OW), and patients with obesity (OB), including those with acanthosis nigricans (AN) or without AN (N-AN). METHODS: Microbial 16S rRNA genes were examined by using pyrosequencing technology and analyzed by using bioinformatics methods. RESULTS: Subjects in the OW and OB groups showed severe disturbances in glycemic control, lipid profile, and inflammatory markers (all P < 0...
February 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202810/trajectories-of-body-mass-index-among-canadian-seniors-and-associated-mortality-risk
#14
Meng Wang, Yanqing Yi, Barbara Roebothan, Jennifer Colbourne, Victor Maddalena, Guang Sun, Peizhong Peter Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aims to characterize the heterogeneity in BMI trajectories and evaluate how different BMI trajectories predict mortality risk in Canadian seniors. METHODS: Data came from the Canadian National Population Health Survey (NPHS, 1994-2011) and 1480 individuals aged 65-79 years with at least four BMI records were included in this study. Group-based trajectory model was used to identify distinct subgroups of longitudinal trajectories of BMI measured over 19 years for men and women...
December 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160159/reported-habitual-intake-of-breakfast-and-selected-foods-in-relation-to-overweight-status-among-seven-to-nine-year-old-swedish-children
#15
Bente B Nilsen, Agneta Yngve, Celia Monteagudo, Richard Tellström, Henrik Scander, Bo Werner
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the reported frequency of breakfast intake and selected food and beverages in the investigated group of Swedish children in comparison with recommended intakes. Furthermore, the study analyses these food habits and some demographic and lifestyle factors in relation to overweight and obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study builds on data collected in 2008 and 2010. Measured anthropometric data and parent questionnaire data were collected...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142292/urinary-volatile-organic-compounds-in-overweight-compared-to-normal-weight-children-results-from-the-italian-i-family-cohort
#16
Rosaria Cozzolino, Beatrice De Giulio, Pasquale Marena, Antonella Martignetti, Kathrin Günther, Fabio Lauria, Paola Russo, Matteo Stocchero, Alfonso Siani
Accumulating evidence shows that urinary volatile organic compounds (VOCs) could be perturbed in many physiological and pathological states, including several diseases and different dietary exposures. Few studies investigated the urinary metabolic signature associated to excess body weight and obesity in adult populations, while a different VOCs profile was found in exhaled breath in obese as compared to lean children. Aim of this study was to evaluate the VOCs profile in the urine of 21 overweight/obese (OW/Ob) and 28 normal-weight (NW) children belonging to the Italian cohort of the I...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096069/exercise-training-and-weight-loss-not-always-a-happy-marriage-single-blind-exercise-trials-in-females-with-diverse-bmi
#17
Matthew Jackson, Fardin Fatahi, Kholoud Alabduljader, Charlotte Jelleyman, Jonathan P Moore, Hans-Peter Kubis
Individuals show high variability in body weight responses to exercise training. Expectations and motivation towards effects of exercise on body weight might influence eating behaviour and could conceal regulatory mechanisms. We conducted two single-blind exercise trials (4 weeks (study 1) and 8 weeks (study 2)) with concealed objectives and exclusion of individuals with weight loss intention. Circuit exercise training programs (3 times a week (45-90 min), intensity 50-90% VO2peak, for 4 and 8 weeks) were conducted...
November 2, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090684/neuroactive-steroids-and-affective-symptoms-in-women-across-the-weight-spectrum
#18
Laura E Dichtel, Elizabeth A Lawson, Melanie Schorr, Erinne Meenaghan, Margaret Lederfine Paskal, Kamryn T Eddy, Graziano Pinna, Marianela Nelson, Ann M Rasmusson, Anne Klibanski, Karen K Miller
3α-5α-Tetrahydroprogesterone, a progesterone metabolite also known as allopregnanolone, and 5α-androstane-3α,17β-diol, a testosterone metabolite also known as 3α-androstanediol, are neuroactive steroids and positive GABAA receptor allosteric modulators. Both anorexia nervosa (AN) and obesity are complicated by affective comorbidities and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal dysregulation. However, it is not known whether neuroactive steroid levels are abnormal at the extremes of the weight spectrum. We hypothesized that serum allopregnanolone and 3α-androstanediol levels would be decreased in AN compared with healthy controls (HC) and negatively associated with affective symptoms throughout the weight spectrum, independent of body mass index (BMI)...
November 1, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068700/silibinin-reduces-the-impact-of-obesity-on-invasive-liver-cancer
#19
C Miethe, H Nix, R Martin, A R Hernandez, R S Price
Obesity is associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Obesity and metabolic abnormalities resulting in low-grade inflammation can increase the risk of developing NASH and HCC. NASH, a risk factor for HCC, is characterized by increased inflammation, lipid accumulation, and liver injury. Obesogenic proteins modulate signaling pathways that induce physiological changes including lipogenesis, ROS, and inflammation. Silibinin, a polyphenol in milk thistle seed, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties...
November 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989878/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-markers-among-women-at-1-year-postpartum-as-per-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-status-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Neha A Kajale, Vaman Khadilkar, Shashi A Chiplonkar, Raja Padidela, Anuradha V Khadilkar
INTRODUCTION: Maternal body composition (BC) changes during lactation. Increased prepregnancy obesity is associated with poor obstetric outcomes. The aim was to study changes in maternal BC postpartum (PP) to 1-year PP with reference to their prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) status. METHODS: The study design was a 1-year follow-up study. Sixty-five apparently healthy primiparous women (28.6 ± 3.4 years delivered full-term infants) were randomly selected from December 2010 to June 2013 and postclassified on the basis of their prepregnancy BMI status...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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