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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160188/post-transitional-fertility-the-role-of-childbearing-postponement-in-fuelling-the-shift-to-low-and-unstable-fertility-levels
#1
Tomáš Sobotka
This study discusses fertility trends and variation in countries that completed the transition from high to around-replacement fertility in the 1950s to 1980s, especially in Europe, East Asia and North America, and summarizes the key relevant findings for those countries with a more recent experience of fertility decline towards replacement level. A central finding is that there is no obvious theoretical or empirical threshold around which period fertility tends to stabilize. Period fertility rates usually continue falling once the threshold of replacement fertility is crossed, often to very low levels...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148602/nurses-professional-stigma-and-attitudes-towards-postpartum-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#2
Revital Ordan, Ron Shor, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer, Lawrence M Noble, Anita Noble
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine professional stigma and attitudes of parenthood towards postpartum women with severe mental illness and the association between postpartum nurses' attitudes and nursing interventions that promote motherhood. BACKGROUND: Stigma and attitudes toward parenthood of women with severe mental illness may influence nurses' clinical practices. DESIGN: Cross sectional, mixed methods. METHODS: The Stigma among Health Professionals towards People with Severe Mental Illness, Attitudes towards Parenthood among People with Severe Mental Illness and Nursing Interventions that Promote Becoming a Mother Questionnaires were used in the study, as well as qualitative analysis...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143252/infertility-centrality-in-the-woman-s-identity-and-goal-adjustment-predict-psychological-adjustment-among-women-in-ongoing-fertility-treatments
#3
Efrat Neter, Shira Goren
PURPOSE: Some of the women that go through repeated fertility treatments will not adjust well to the treatments and will experience increased distress. The present study examined how centrality of the fertility problem in the woman's identity and dispositional goal adjustment (disengagement and reengagement) are associated with the woman's psychological adjustment. These issues are examined in a context of a pro-natal society (Israel) where parenthood is a major life goal. METHODS: One hundred ninety-three women in ongoing fertility treatments filled out questionnaires, and follow-up on their psychological well-being was carried out after 3 months (N = 130)...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142452/infertility-stress-in-couples-undergoing-intrauterine-insemination-and-in-vitro-fertilization-treatments
#4
Manisha Awtani, Kamayani Mathur, Sandeep Shah, Manish Banker
Aim: The main aim of the study was to assess the stress levels of husbands and wives undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments, and also to observe whether the stress levels differed between the methods of treatments. Materials and Methods: This research focused on 120 infertile couples who underwent IUI and In Vitro Fertilization-Intra Sperm Cytoplasmic sperm Injection (IVF-ICSI) at an infertility clinic from April 2014 to November 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121884/evaluation-of-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-new-parents-protocol-paper-for-a-randomized-trial
#5
Alison Quinlan, Ryan E Rhodes, Mark R Beauchamp, Danielle Symons Downs, Darren E R Warburton, Chris M Blanchard
BACKGROUND: Identifying critical life transitions in people's physical activity behaviors may illuminate the most opportune intervention apertures for chronic disease prevention. A substantive evidence base now indicates that parenthood is one of these critical transition points for physical activity decline. This study will examine whether a brief theory-based intervention can prevent a decline in physical activity among new parents over 6 months following intervention. This study protocol represents the first dyad-based physical activity initiative in the parenthood literature involving both mothers and fathers; prior research has focused on only mothers or only fathers (albeit limited), and has shown only short-term changes in physical activity...
November 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121494/being-a-mother-of-preterm-multiples-in-the-context-of-socioeconomic-disadvantage-perceived-stress-and-psychological-symptoms
#6
Joana Baptista, Vanessa Moutinho, Vera Mateus, Hercília Guimarães, Fátima Clemente, Sara Almeida, Maria Agostinha Andrade, Clara Paz Dias, Alice Freitas, Carla Martins, Isabel Soares
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the differences between mothers of preterm multiples and mothers of preterm singletons regarding perceived stress and maternal psychological symptoms, and to explore the putative adverse amplified effect of socioeconomic disadvantage. METHOD: Ninety-five mothers of 1-year-olds born preterm participated in this cross-sectional study. Data collection was carried out in two public hospitals from Northern Portugal. To assess maternal perceived daily stress and psychological symptoms, mothers completed two questionnaires...
November 6, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120106/balancing-the-scales-negotiating-father-s-parental-leave-use
#7
Judy Beglaubter
Studying couples who shared parental leave presents the opportunity to explore decision-making processes that may challenge conventional care arrangement typical of early parenthood. Interviews with 33 Canadian heterosexual couples indicate gendered sticking points in the division of official leave time. Whether fathers took leave because of their personal desires or material circumstances, this study finds that men and women did not enter negotiations on a level playing field. Strong cultural support for mothers'-but not fathers'-time with baby tipped the scales toward maternal care giving, even when couples wanted to share parental leave...
November 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112661/role-of-insurance-coverage-in-contraceptive-use-after-abortion
#8
M Antonia Biggs, Diana Taylor, Ushma D Upadhyay
OBJECTIVE: To assess postaspiration abortion contraceptive use and the role of insurance coverage for abortion in a state that covers abortion and contraception for low-income women. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a previously published prospective study to assess the safety of abortion provision. From 2007 through 2013, women seeking first-trimester aspiration abortion were recruited at 25 clinical facilities within four Planned Parenthood affiliates and Kaiser Permanente of Northern California...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108155/healthcare-and-planned-parenthood-the-significance-for-pro-life-ob-gyns
#9
Jeffrey J Pauls, Carl Landwehr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104817/a-dyadic-perspective-on-ptsd-symptoms-associations-with-couple-functioning-and-parenting-stress-in-first-time-parents
#10
Steffany J Fredman, Yunying Le, Amy D Marshall, Timothy R Brick, Mark E Feinberg
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with disruptions in both couple functioning and parenting, and limited research suggests that, among military couples, perceptions of couple functioning and parenting stress are a function of both one's own and one's partner's mental health symptoms. However, this work has not been generalized to civilian couples, and little is known about the associations between PTSD symptoms and family adjustment in specific family developmental contexts. We examined PTSD symptoms' associations with perceived couple functioning and parenting stress within a dyadic context in civilian couples who had participated in a randomized controlled trial of a universal, couple-based transition to parenthood program and at least one member of the couple reported having experienced a Criterion A1 traumatic event...
June 2017: Couple & Family Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103308/severity-of-illness-and-adaptive-functioning-predict-quality-of-care-of-children-among-parents-with-psychosis-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#11
Linda E Campbell, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Cherrie A Galletly, Carol Harvey, Helen Stain, Martin Cohen, Don van Ravenzwaaij, Scott Brown
OBJECTIVE: Parenthood is central to the personal and social identity of many people. For individuals with psychotic disorders, parenthood is often associated with formidable challenges. We aimed to identify predictors of adequate parenting among parents with psychotic disorders. METHODS: Data pertaining to 234 parents with psychotic disorders living with dependent children were extracted from a population-based prevalence study, the 2010 second Australian national survey of psychosis, and analysed using confirmatory factor analysis...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099401/gender-and-specialty-influences-on-personal-and-professional-life-among-trainees
#12
Ailín C Rogers, Sherry M Wren, Deborah A McNamara
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the impact of surgical training on lifestyle and parenthood, and to assess for gender-based workplace issues. BACKGROUND: The effects of a surgical career on lifestyle are difficult to quantify and may vary between male and female doctors. A gender gap is present in the highest tiers of the profession, and reasons why women do not attain senior positions are complex but likely relate to factors beyond merit alone. METHODS: An anonymous Web-based survey was distributed to Irish surgical and nonsurgical trainees...
November 2, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095076/the-parenting-journey-daily-parental-management-in-families-with-young-children
#13
Maria Carbines, Annette Dickinson, Barbara McKenzie-Green
Transitioning to parenthood and establishing a family are significant life events, and although an expected and normal part of adult life, it is a time of stress, change, and learning. The family has been well-studied with regard to developmental norms and the diagnosis and treatment of physical, cognitive, and emotional problems. However, little is known about how parents of young children establish, manage, and maintain their families on a daily basis. Social constructivist grounded theory was used to examine day to day parental management in families with young children...
November 2, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094449/parents-experiences-of-their-teenage-children-s-parenthood-an-interview-study
#14
Atcharawadee Sriyasak, Anna-Lena Almqvist, Chaweewan Sridawruang, Elisabet Häggström-Nordin
In this study, we described and analyzed parents' experiences of teenage parenthood and the provision of support to their teenage children who had recently have become parents. A qualitative method was used. In-depth interviews with 24 participants were conducted, all parents of teenage parents. Data were analyzed using content analysis; four themes and 11 subthemes were identified. The results show that parents' norms and values were strongly influenced by their religious beliefs. The participants had mixed emotions and reactions to their teenage children's parenthood...
November 2, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091553/understanding-the-planned-parenthood-divide-albert-lasker-and-women-s-health
#15
Lisa Rosenbaum
Albert Lasker, considered the "father of modern advertising," transformed product marketing from an endeavor based on the simple presentation of facts to one finely tuned to consumer psychology, particularly as it pertained to women. At a time when discussion of menstruation was taboo, for example,..
November 1, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072385/-medical-clowns-the-triple-value-clown-parent-premature-neonate
#16
REVIEW
Hagit Friedman, Shay Barak, Yelena Chulsky, Shoshi Ofir, Amir Kushnir
The infant's brain develops rapidly during the prenatal and early postnatal period. Temporary new neural circuits appear, such as the sub-cortical plate (SCP). SCP links the thalamus and cortex in a time window of sensory circuits' intensive development, creating the basis for the infant's bonding interactions. SCP activity in premature neonates is vulnerable and hypoxic injury may have a long lasting influence on brain development. Preterm birth is an emotional trauma for the parents and may lead to depression, anxiety and stress...
October 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072100/gonadal-dysfunction-in-adult-male-patients-with-thalassemia-major-an-update-for-clinicians-caring-for-thalassemia
#17
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Salvatore Di Maio, Duran Canatan, Nada Soliman, Mehran Karimi, Christos Kattamis
Hypogonadism is the most frequently reported endocrine complication, affecting 40%-80% of thalassemia major (TM) patients. The prevalence and severity of hypogonadism in TM varies among studies, depending on patients' age, genotype, transfusion frequency and starting age and efficiency of iron chelation. Areas covered: The diagnosis requires careful clinical assessment and appropriate laboratory testing. Its management is more complex compared to other 'classical' causes of hypogonadism because of multiple associated disorders (cardiac, hepatic and endocrine) and other contributing factors basically iron overload and iron toxicity...
November 2, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070913/advantages-of-later-motherhood
#18
REVIEW
M Myrskylä, K Barclay, A Goisis
BACKGROUND: In high-income countries childbearing has been increasingly postponed since the 1970s and it is crucial to understand the consequences of this demographic shift. The literature has tended to characterize later motherhood as a significant health threat for children and parents. OBJECTIVES: We contribute to this debate by reviewing recent evidence suggesting that an older maternal age can also have positive effects. MATERIALS: Literature linking the age at parenthood with the sociodemographic characteristics of the parents, with macrolevel interactions, and with subjective well-being...
2017: Der Gynäkologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070706/does-egg-donation-for-mitochondrial-replacement-techniques-generate-parental-responsibilities
#19
César Palacios-González
Children created through mitochondrial replacement techniques (MRTs) are commonly presented as possessing 50% of their mother's nuclear DNA, 50% of their father's nuclear DNA and the mitochondrial DNA of an egg donor. This lab-engineered genetic composition has prompted two questions: Do children who are the product of an MRT procedure have three genetic parents? And, do MRT egg donors have parental responsibilities for the children created? In this paper, I address the second question and in doing so I also address the first one...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067831/social-and-structural-factors-increase-inconsistent-condom-use-by-sex-workers-one-time-and-regular-clients-in-northern-uganda
#20
Putu Duff, Josephine Birungi, Sabina Dobrer, Monika Akello, Godfrey Muzaaya, Kate Shannon
While sex workers (SWs) bear the brunt of the epidemic in Uganda, there remains a dearth of empirical research on the structural drivers of HIV prevention among SWs. This study examined the drivers of inconsistent condom use by one-time and regular clients of young women SWs in Gulu, Northern Uganda. Data were drawn from the Gulu Sexual Health Study, a cross-sectional study of young SWs, aged 14 years and older (2011-2012). SWs were recruited using peer/SW-led outreach, in partnership with The AIDS Support Organization and other CBOs...
October 25, 2017: AIDS Care
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