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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813289/the-transition-to-parenthood-impact-on-couples-romantic-relationships
#1
REVIEW
Brian D Doss, Galena K Rhoades
The birth of the first baby-often referred to as the transition to parenthood (TTP)-is both a time of great joy and great stress for new parents. Although the literature is mixed, the preponderance of evidence suggests that the TTP has a negative effect on relationship functioning for most couples. However, as children age, the relationship functioning of parents and non-parents converge. Notably, there are important moderators of this average trajectory; couples with higher levels of pre-birth relationship problems, insecurely attached parents, temperamentally difficult infants, and TTP following biological birth rather than adoption are associated with larger post-birth declines...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803506/parental-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-increase-the-risk-of-separation-among-parents-with-children-less-than-11-years-of-age-in-sweden
#2
Widarsson Margareta, Nohlert Eva, Öhrvik John, Kerstis Birgitta
AIMS: Parental separations have become more frequent in recent decades. In Western countries, about 25% of children experience parental separation. There is a need to explore the risk factors for separation to give children an optimal childhood. The objective of the present study was to examine parental stress and depressive symptoms during early parenthood and their association with parental separation. METHODS: Four hundred and seven couples completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms for 3 months and parental stress for 18 months after childbirth...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801054/-without-bodily-autonomy-we-are-not-free-exploring-women-s-concerns-about-future-access-to-contraception-following-the-2016u-s-presidential-election
#3
Colleen P Judge, Tierney E Wolgemuth, Megan E Hamm, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: Following the 2016U.S. Presidential Election, social media posts and news stories amplified concerns about the potential for reduced access to contraception under the incoming administration, and urged women to seek long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). We aimed to describe women's concerns about future access to contraception, in their own words. STUDY DESIGN: A social-media based, anonymous online survey assessing thoughts and concerns about future access to contraception was distributed to reproductive-aged U...
August 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795852/a-grounded-theory-of-mothering-in-the-early-years-for-women-recovering-from-substance-use
#4
Lenora Marcellus
Women in recovery from addiction experience significant sociostructural barriers to reestablishing self, family, and home after having a baby. The aim of this grounded theory study was to describe pathways that women and their families followed and how transitions were experienced in the early years after receiving services through an integrated community-based maternity program. Eighteen women completed questionnaires and participated in a series of semistructured interviews over 2 years. The overall process women experienced was that of holding it together, which women did by restoring their sense of self during recovery, becoming a strong center for their family, and creating a sense of home no matter what the circumstances...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792608/an-exploration-of-co-parenting-in-the-context-of-caring-for-a-child-prenatally-diagnosed-and-born-with-a-complex-health-condition
#5
Anne Chevalier Mckechnie, Jamie Rogstad, Katherine M Martin, Karen F Pridham
AIM: To describe co-parenting communication in couples in the context of caregiving for children prenatally diagnosed and born with complex health conditions. BACKGROUND: Fetal diagnosis of complex health conditions such as heart, central nervous system, or abdominal anomalies are confirmed more often than ever before. Following diagnosis, parents face challenges beginning before birth. The quality of co-parenting, when two individuals relate to each other as parents and share parental responsibilities, can have an impact on child health and development...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789590/divorce-and-parity-progression-following-the-death-of-a-child-a-register-based-study-from-finland
#6
Fjalar Finnäs, Mikael Rostila, Jan Saarela
Most studies that have examined whether a child's death influences parental relationship stability have used small-scale data sets and their results are inconclusive. A likely reason is that child loss affects not only the risk of parental separation, but also the risk of having another child. Hence parity progression and separation must be treated as two competing events in relation to child loss. The analysis in this paper used Finnish register data from 1971 to 2003, covering over 100,000 married couples whose durations of both first marriage and parenthood could be observed...
August 9, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770366/management-of-pregnancy-related-issues-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-the-need-for-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#7
Maria Pia Amato, Antonio Bertolotto, Roberto Brunelli, Paola Cavalla, Benedetta Goretti, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Francesco Patti, Carlo Pozzilli, Leandro Provinciali, Nicola Rizzo, Nicola Strobelt, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Maria Trojano, Giancarlo Comi
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS), most probably autoimmune in origin, usually occurring in young adults with a female/male prevalence of approximately 3:1. Women with MS in the reproductive age may face challenging issues in reconciling the desire for parenthood with their condition, owing to the possible influence both on the ongoing or planned treatment with the possible consequences on the disease course and on the potential negative effects of treatments on foetal and pregnancy outcomes...
August 2, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758538/-you-can-only-give-warmth-to-your-baby-when-it-s-too-late-parents-bonding-with-their-extremely-preterm-and-dying-child
#8
Andrea Abraham, Manya J Hendriks
This study on end-of-life decisions in extremely preterm babies shows that the parents under study experience a multitude of stressors due to the immediate separation after birth, the alienating setting of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), the physical distance to the child, medical uncertainties, and upcoming decisions. Even though they are considered to be parents (assigned parenthood), they cannot act as primary caregivers. Instead, they depend on professional instructions for access and care. Embodied parenthood can be experienced only at the end-of-life, that is, during the dying trajectory and after the child's death...
July 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751061/parental-leave-policies-in-graduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#9
Laura S Humphries, Sarah Lyon, Rebecca Garza, Daniel R Butz, Benjamin Lemelman, Julie E Park
BACKGROUND: A thorough understanding of attitudes toward and program policies for parenthood in graduate medical education (GME) is essential for establishing fair and achievable parental leave policies and fostering a culture of support for trainees during GME. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was completed. Non-cohort studies, studies completed or published outside of the United States, and studies not published in English were excluded. Studies that addressed the existence of parental leave policies in GME were identified and were the focus of this study...
June 30, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749061/decision-making-for-an-incapacitated-pregnant-patient
#10
Hilary Mabel, Susannah L Rose, Eric Kodish
Decisions about continuing or terminating a pregnancy touch on profound, individualized questions about bodily integrity, reproductive autonomy, deeply held values regarding one's capacity for parenthood, and, in the case of a high-risk pregnancy, the risks one is willing to take to have a baby. So far as possible, reproductive decisions are made between a patient, in some cases her partner, and her medical provider. However, this standard framework cannot be applied if the patient lacks decision-making capacity...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729744/attitudes-towards-social-oocyte-freezing-from-a-socio-cultural-perspective
#11
Maren Schick, Réka Sexty, Beate Ditzen, Tewes Wischmann
INTRODUCTION: The tendency to delay parenthood is increasing. It is partly driven by the availability of early reproductive technologies such as social oocyte freezing, the cryopreservation of oocytes for non-medical purposes. The goal of this study was to investigate relationships between attitudes towards social oocyte freezing and different socio-cultural backgrounds in a German sample cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative online questionnaire was compiled...
July 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718969/child-and-family-related-predictors-of-psychological-outcomes-in-children-adopted-from-abroad-what-is-the-role-of-caregiver-time
#12
Niina Rita, Marko Elovainio, Hanna Raaska, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Jaakko Matomäki, Jari Sinkkonen, Helena Lapinleimu
International adoptees need to cope with stressful transitions and to develop secure attachment with their caregivers at the same time. Although most children adopted from abroad adjust fine, they are at increased risk of psychological problems. We investigated whether both child and family-related factors are associated with later psychological problems and whether the length of time spent at home after adoption before daycare moderates these associations among internationally adopted children in Finland (FinAdo, Finnish Adoption Study)...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713186/happy-people-have-children-choice-and-self-selection-into-parenthood
#13
Sophie Cetre, Andrew E Clark, Claudia Senik
There is mixed evidence in the existing literature on whether children are associated with greater subjective well-being, with the correlation depending on which countries and populations are considered. We here provide a systematic analysis of this question based on three different datasets: two cross-national and one national panel. We show that the association between children and subjective well-being is positive only in developed countries, and for those who become parents after the age of 30 and who have higher income...
August 2016: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713007/future-fertility-for-individuals-with-differences-of-sex-development-parent-attitudes-and-perspectives-about-decision-making
#14
Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Angela Shurba, Anthony D'Oro, Elisa J Gordon, Diane Chen, Courtney Finlayson, Jane L Holl
BACKGROUND: Children, adolescents, and young adults (children/youth) with differences/disorders of sex development (DSD) face challenges related to future fertility; this may be due to variations in gonadal development, and, for some, gonadectomy performed to reduce the risk of malignancy. Childhood may be the only time for preservation of biological fertility potential for children/youth who undergo gonadectomy or have early gonadal failure. Fertility-related decision-making for these patients is particularly complicated, due to the need for parental proxy decision-making, potential discordance between gender identity and gonadal type, and uncertain future assisted reproductive technologies...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705350/trajectories-of-relationship-supportiveness-after-childbirth-does-marriage-matter
#15
Marcia J Carlson, Alicia G VanOrman
Relationship quality for married couples typically declines after the birth of a (first) child, as parenthood brings new identities, stresses, and responsibilities for mothers and fathers. Yet, it is less clear whether nonmarital relationship quality follows a similar trajectory, particularly given the greater selectivity of nonmarital relationships that persist over time. This paper uses data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,459) with latent growth curve models to examine relationship quality (measured by mothers' perceived supportiveness about fathers) for married and unmarried couples over nine years after a child's birth...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699386/organisational-factors-and-occupational-balance-in-working-parents-in-sweden
#16
Madeleine Borgh, Frida Eek, Petra Wagman, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Parents with small children constitute a vulnerable group as they have an increased risk of sick leave due to stress-related disorders compared to adults without children. It has been shown that mothers and fathers to small children together spend more time in paid work than any other group, which could create negative stress and an experience of low occupational balance. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine associations between organisational factors and occupational balance among parents with small children in Sweden...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693450/transition-to-parenthood-in-the-neonatal-care-unit-a-qualitative-study-and-conceptual-model-designed-to-illuminate-parent-and-professional-views-of-the-impact-of-webcam-technology
#17
Susan Kerr, Caroline King, Rhona Hogg, Kerri McPherson, Janet Hanley, Maggie Brierton, Sean Ainsworth
BACKGROUND: Complications during pregnancy, childbirth and/or the postnatal period may result in the admission of a baby to a neonatal unit (NNU). While the survival and long-term prospects of high-risk infants are enhanced by admission, the enforced separation of the parent and child may have psychological consequences for both. There is a need to develop and evaluate interventions to help parents 'feel closer' to their infants in circumstances where they are physically separated from them...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672004/stroller-running-energetic-and-kinematic-changes-across-pushing-methods
#18
Ryan S Alcantara, Cara M Wall-Scheffler
OBJECTIVE: Running with a stroller provides an opportunity for parents to exercise near their child and counteract health declines experienced during early parenthood. Understanding biomechanical and physiological changes that occur when stroller running is needed to evaluate its health impact, yet the effects of stroller running have not been clearly presented. Here, three commonly used stroller pushing methods were investigated to detect potential changes in energetic cost and lower-limb kinematics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666701/the-perfect-storm-of-trauma-the-experiences-of-women-who-have-experienced-birth-trauma-and-subsequently-accessed-residential-parenting-services-in-australia
#19
Holly S Priddis, Hazel Keedle, Hannah Dahlen
BACKGROUND: There appears to be a chasm between idealised motherhood and reality, and for women who experience birth trauma this can be more extreme and impact on mental health. Australia is unique in providing residential parenting services to support women with parenting needs such as sleep or feeding difficulties. Women who attend residential parenting services have experienced higher rates of intervention in birth and poor perinatal mental health but it is unknown how birth trauma may impact on early parenting...
June 27, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661767/crisis-or-chronic-strain-gender-and-age-differences-in-sickness-absence-following-early-spousal-loss
#20
Bo Vignes
This population-based study ( N = 908,468) examines the effects of spousal loss on being absent from work due to illness or injury (sickness absence) among employed individuals in Norway. Fixed-effects models capturing antecedent and short- and long-term effects of spousal loss over a 15-year period were estimated to explore gender and age differences in the impact of widowhood. The crisis model, the social-role model, and the life course perspective are discussed. Furthermore, the study calls into question whether parenthood explains the gendered age gradient of the widowhood effect...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
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