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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101110/the-best-age-for-pregnancy-and-undue-pressures
#1
Carlo Bellieni
In western countries we assist at the paradox that fertility is socially discouraged by a mindset that depicts fertility as a resource to exploit as late as possible. So, couples have high expectative about the advantages of delayed parenthood, but they are scarcely informed about its risks. Scientific data suggests to anticipate the first pregnancy, but social pressures impose to wait, though delayed childbearing can provoke sterility and a greater gap between generations. The best age to become parents should be autonomously decided by a couple, under the condition of being a free informed choice and not a social imposition, but currently this is not guaranteed to western women and men...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094117/maternal-weight-after-childbirth-versus-aging-related-weight%C3%A2-changes
#2
Olga Yakusheva, Kandice Kapinos, Marianne Weiss
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy weight gain is believed to contribute to female overweight and obesity. However, most studies do not account for the changes in body weight expected to occur as women age. We examined the long-term weight trajectory of childbearing women relative to weight progression that could be expected in the absence of pregnancy. METHODS: From the hospital records of 32,187 women with two births in Wisconsin during 2006 to 2013, we extracted the maternal weight at pregravid, delivery, and subsequent pregravid...
January 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086827/mothers-accounts-of-the-impact-on-emotional-wellbeing-of-organised-peer-support-in-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood-a-qualitative-study
#3
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is a potentially vulnerable time for mothers' mental health and approximately 9-21% of women experience depression and/or anxiety at this time. Many more experience sub-clinical symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as stress, low self-esteem and a loss of confidence. Women's emotional wellbeing is more at risk if they have little social support, a low income, are single parents or have a poor relationship with their partner. Peer support can comprise emotional, affirmational, informational and practical support; evidence of its impact on emotional wellbeing during pregnancy and afterwards is mixed...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078620/education-and-the-transition-to-fatherhood-the-role-of-selection-into-union
#4
Alessandra Trimarchi, Jan Van Bavel
Although advanced education has been found to be consistently associated with a later transition to parenthood for women, findings about education and the transition to parenthood have been much less consistent for men, and no stylized fact has emerged from the literature. We argue that the inconsistency of findings for men is due to the fact that the selection process involved in union formation has been disregarded in earlier studies. We hypothesize that men's educational attainment consistently and positively affects the transition to fatherhood via higher rates of union formation...
January 11, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074124/involvement-of-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-the-infertility-age-associated-diseases-and-cancer-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Antonin Bukovsky
Blood mononuclear cells consist of T cells and monocyte derived cells. Beside immunity, the blood mononuclear cells belong to the complex tissue control system (TCS), where they exhibit morphostatic function by stimulating proliferation of tissue stem cells followed by cellular differentiation, that is stopped after attaining the proper functional stage, which differs among various tissue types. Therefore, the term immune and morphostatic system (IMS) should be implied. The TCS-mediated morphostasis also consists of vascular pericytes controlled by autonomic innervation, which is regulating the quantity of distinct tissues in vivo...
December 26, 2016: World Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057255/cardiovascular-medicine-and-society-the-pregnant-cardiologist
#6
REVIEW
Amy A Sarma, Chileshe Nkonde-Price, Martha Gulati, Claire S Duvernoy, Sandra J Lewis, Malissa J Wood
Women are a consistent minority in the field of cardiology, with concerns regarding balancing career and parenting responsibilities often cited as a contributing factor to this under-representation. To investigate the impact that a career in cardiology may have on the family planning decisions of female cardiologists, the Women in Cardiology section of the American College of Cardiology conducted a voluntary anonymous survey. The following perspective highlights lessons learned from the survey, and potential solutions to the issues surrounding maternity leave, radiation exposure during pregnancy, and breastfeeding accommodations raised by these data...
January 3, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030409/nurses-urged-to-prepare-for-sex-education
#7
(no author information available yet)
Editors' note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
January 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028668/suicidal-ideation-resilience-and-healthcare-implications-for-newly-diagnosed-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#8
Haochu Li, Joseph Tucker, Eleanor Holroyd, Jie Zhang, Baofa Jiang
Globally, suicidal ideation and behavior have been widely reported among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Knowledge gaps exist regarding the longer life and resilience-related experiences of people living with HIV (PLWH). Specifically, there is a dearth of data about the interaction of perceived risk and resilient factors resulting in a wide spectrum of intentional suicidal ideation outcomes in a Chinese cultural context. This qualitative research drew from a larger ethnographic study of newly diagnosed HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in Mainland China...
December 27, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026969/the-influence-of-social-circumstances-on-risky-patterns-of-alcohol-consumption-among-mothers-with-preschool-aged-children-in-england
#9
Sarah Baker
BACKGROUND: Social factors have been linked to patterns of alcohol use among women. However, conflicting evidence on the ways in which socio-economic circumstances are linked to women's alcohol use impedes our understanding. Interest in women's alcohol use has moved up the policy agenda. Nevertheless, existing research fails to attend to differences among groups of women according to their social circumstances, including whether or not they are mothers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to enhance our understanding of "risky" patterns of alcohol use among mothers in the UK during very early motherhood...
December 27, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024222/effects-of-prenatal-childbirth-education-for-partners-of-pregnant-women-on-paternal-postnatal-mental-health-and-couple-relationship-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Partner education during pregnancy may be able to prevent postnatal mental health problems, and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education among partners of pregnant women, particularly regarding paternal postnatal mental health and couple relationship. METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL using terms such as "partners of pregnant women," "education," and "prenatal support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004407/reflecting-on-the-practice-of-infant-mental-health-and-the-reduction-of-risk-in-infancy-and-early-parenthood-an-essay
#11
Deborah J Weatherston
This essay discusses infant mental health (IMH) as well as its origins and relational framework. The author then reflects, professionally and personally, on the meaning of psychological vulnerability of boys under 5 years of age, the importance of early caregiving relationships to the reduction of risk, and implications for education and training in the IMH field.
January 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000391/psychosocial-impact-on-families-with-an-infant-with-a-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-during-and-after-the-interstage-monitoring-period-a-prospective-mixed-method-study
#12
Gaby Stoffel, Rebecca Spirig, Brian Stiasny, Vera Bernet, Hitendu Dave, Walter Knirsch
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate parents' experiences, coping ability and quality of life while monitoring their sick child with hypoplastic left heart syndrome at home. BACKGROUND: Interstage home monitoring for children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome reduces interstage mortality between Norwood stages I and II. Little is known about the psychosocial impact of interstage home monitoring. DESIGN: Prospective mixed-method study. METHOD: This study assessed the psychosocial impact on parents during IHM...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969017/transition-to-parenthood-during-the-transition-to-modernity-in-jordan-new-parents-views-on-family-and-healthcare-support-systems
#13
Lina Mrayan, Flora Cornish, Nimesh Dhungana, Barbara Parfitt
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore new parents' experiences of family support during their transition to parenthood. BACKGROUND: Family support is widely considered a crucial factor in contributing toward positive outcomes for parents during transition to parenthood. However, inter-generational and socio-cultural differences among family members in understandings and practices of childcare can be a source of tension between new parents and family members...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964723/fertility-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-parenthood-among-danish%C3%A2-university-college-students
#14
Nina Olsén Sørensen, Signe Marcussen, Mette Grønbæk Backhausen, Mette Juhl, Lone Schmidt, Tanja Tydén, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Postponing parenthood has steadily increased during the past decades in Western countries. This trend has affected the size of families in the direction of fewer children born per couple. In addition, higher maternal age is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy-related complications such as prematurity and foetal death, while higher paternal age increases the risk of miscarriage and affects time-to-pregnancy. Hence, understanding the circumstances and reflections that influence the decision is greatly needed and little is known about potential gender difference influencing the choice...
December 13, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943287/disentangling-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-risks-on-children-s-early-self-control
#15
Terry Ng-Knight, Ingrid Schoon
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that individual differences in self-control emerge early in childhood and predict a range of important outcomes throughout childhood and adulthood. There is, however, less knowledge about the social origins of self-control, including the mechanisms by which early socioeconomic adversity may lead to lower levels of self-control. This study aimed to extend understanding of the link between socioeconomic adversity and self-control by (a) testing which individual aspects of socioeconomic risk uniquely predict lower self-control; (b) testing whether objective socioeconomic risk operates independently of, or via, subjective parental stress; and (c) examining the interplay of socioeconomic risk factors and individual differences in children's temperament as predictors of early self-control...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936167/the-slavic-nbn-founder-mutation-a-role-for-reproductive-fitness
#16
Eva Seemanova, Raymonda Varon, Jan Vejvalka, Petr Jarolim, Pavel Seeman, Krystyna H Chrzanowska, Martin Digweed, Igor Resnick, Ivo Kremensky, Kathrin Saar, Katrin Hoffmann, Véronique Dutrannoy, Mohsen Karbasiyan, Mehdi Ghani, Ivo Barić, Mustafa Tekin, Peter Kovacs, Michael Krawczak, André Reis, Karl Sperling, Michael Nothnagel
The vast majority of patients with Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome (NBS) are of Slavic origin and carry a deleterious deletion (c.657del5; rs587776650) in the NBN gene on chromosome 8q21. This mutation is essentially confined to Slavic populations and may thus be considered a Slavic founder mutation. Notably, not a single parenthood of a homozygous c.657del5 carrier has been reported to date, while heterozygous carriers do reproduce but have an increased cancer risk. These observations seem to conflict with the considerable carrier frequency of c...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929416/from-consultation-to-application-practical-solutions-for-improving-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-for-adolescent-aboriginal-mothers-at-a-local-level
#17
Tracy Reibel, Paula Wyndow, Roz Walker
Adolescent pregnancy has been typically linked to a range of adverse outcomes for mother and child. In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women have a higher proportion of adolescent births compared with other adolescent Australian women, and are at greater risk of poorer psychosocial and clinical outcomes if they are not well supported during pregnancy and beyond. Drawing on existing literature and consultations with young Aboriginal women and health professionals supporting pregnant Aboriginal women in Western Australia, this paper discusses the importance of creating models of antenatal care using a "social determinants of health" framework...
December 6, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927106/adjustment-to-fatherhood-makes-for-happier-families
#18
(no author information available yet)
Fathers who rapidly adjust to parenthood have children who are less likely to have behavioural issues in their pre-teen years.
December 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925549/pre-teen-behaviour-issues-less-likely-if-dad-adjusts-to-parenthood
#19
(no author information available yet)
Children whose fathers adjust well to parenthood and feel confident in their new role are less likely to have behavioural problems in their pre-teen years, new study results suggest.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923873/self-rated-health-and-mental-health-of-lone-fathers-compared-with-lone-mothers-and-partnered-fathers-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Maria Chiu, Farah Rahman, Paul Kurdyak, John Cairney, Nathaniel Jembere, Simone Vigod
BACKGROUND: Lone parenthood is associated with poorer health; however, the vast majority of previous studies have examined lone mothers and only a few have focused on lone fathers. We aimed to examine the self-rated health and mental health status among a large population-based cross-sectional sample of Canadian lone fathers compared with both partnered fathers and lone mothers. METHODS: We investigated differences in self-rated health and mental health among 1058 lone fathers compared with 20 692 partnered fathers and 5725 lone mothers using the Ontario component of the Canadian Community Health Survey (2001-2013)...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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