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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647009/teenage-parenthood-and-birth-rates-for-individuals-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Søren D Østergaard, Søren Dalsgaard, Stephen V Faraone, Trine Munk-Olsen, Thomas M Laursen
OBJECTIVE: Prior studies have established that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with risky sexual behavior, but it remains unknown whether individuals with ADHD also are more likely to become parents while being teenagers. This aspect is clinically relevant because teenage parenthood is associated with adverse outcomes for parents and children. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to investigate whether individuals with ADHD would be more likely to become teenage parents compared with individuals without ADHD...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639998/the-new-parent-checklist-a-tool-to-promote-parental-reflection
#2
Elizabeth M Keys, Deborah A McNeil, Donna A Wallace, Jason Bostick, A Jocelyn Churchill, Maureen M Dodd
PURPOSE: To design and establish content and face validity of an evidenceinformed tool that promotes parental self-reflection during the transition to parenthood. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The New Parent Checklist was developed using a three-phase sequential approach: (Phase 1) a scoping review and expert consultation to develop and refine a prototype tool; (Phase 2) content analysis of parent focus groups; and (Phase 3) assessment of utility in a cross-sectional sample of parents completing the New Parent Checklist and a questionnaire...
June 20, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637311/whole-woman-s-health-v-hellerstedt-the-empirical-case-against-trap-laws
#3
Michele Goodwin
This commentary examines the US Supreme Court case Whole Woman's Health v Hellerstedt.1 This comment synthesizes the case, focusing primarily on its legislative and appellate history as well as the Supreme Court's analysis. The comment finds that while Whole Woman's Health represented a judicial victory for those who seek to safeguard and preserve abortion rights, it nevertheless further rooted the primacy of the Supreme Court's flawed framework in Planned Parenthood v Casey2, which rests on perpetuating the notion of abortion as a threat against women's physical and mental health...
June 13, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637069/-preference-changes-regarding-future-work-area-and-intended-position-among-german-residents-after-four-years-of-residency
#4
Stine Ziegler, Hendrik van den Bussche, Farina Römer, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Introduction We investigated the preferences of medical residents in Germany with regard to future working place (hospital or private practice) and position (employment/self-employment in private practice; resp. specialist/senior or chief physician in the hospital). This is analysed in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods Annual postal surveys among graduates of seven medical faculties in Germany from their last year ("Practical Year") until after four years of postgraduate training...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634716/from-prenatal-anxiety-to-parenting-stress-a-longitudinal-study
#5
A C Huizink, B Menting, M H M De Moor, M L Verhage, F C Kunseler, C Schuengel, M Oosterman
The objective of this study was to explore how maternal mood during pregnancy, i.e., general anxiety, pregnancy-specific anxiety, and depression predicted parenting stress 3 months after giving birth, thereby shaping the child's early postnatal environmental circumstances. To this end, data were used from 1073 women participating in the Dutch longitudinal cohort Generations(2), which studies first-time pregnant mothers during pregnancy and across the transition to parenthood. Women filled out the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire-revised (PRAQ-R), and Beck Depression Index (BDI) three times during pregnancy: at 12, 22, and 32 weeks gestational age...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617872/growing-up-with-a-single-mother-and-life-satisfaction-in-adulthood-a-test-of-mediating-and-moderating-factors
#6
David Richter, Sakari Lemola
Single parenthood is increasingly common in Western societies but only little is known about its long-term effects. We therefore studied life satisfaction among 641 individuals (ages 18-66 years) who spent their entire childhood with a single mother, 1539 individuals who spent part of their childhood with both parents but then experienced parental separation, and 21,943 individuals who grew up with both parents. Individuals who grew up with a single mother for their entire childhood and to a lesser degree also individuals who experienced parental separation showed a small but persistent decrease in life satisfaction into old age controlling childhood socio-economic status...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615139/the-impact-of-marriage-and-parenthood-on-male-body-mass-index-static-and-dynamic-effects
#7
Joanna Syrda
RATIONALE: Numerous cross-sectional studies investigated the link between marital status and BMI in the context of competing social science theories (marriage market, marriage selection, marriage protection and social obligation), frequently offering conflicting theoretical predictions and conflicting empirical findings. OBJECTIVE: This study analysed the effects of marriage, divorce, pregnancy, and parenthood on male BMI in a longitudinal setting, avoiding the estimation bias of cross-sectional studies and allowing for an analysis of BMI fluctuation over time and the dynamic effects of these events...
June 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597177/dynamical-systems-modeling-of-couple-interaction-a-new-method-for-assessing-intervention-impact-across-the-transition-to-parenthood
#8
Mark E Feinberg, Mengya Xia, Gregory M Fosco, Richard E Heyman, Sy-Miin Chow
This study explored the use of dynamical systems modeling techniques to evaluate self- and co-regulation of affect in couples' interactions before and after the transition to parenthood, and the impact of the Family Foundations program on these processes. Thirty-four heterosexual couples, randomized to intervention and control conditions, participated in videotaped dyadic interaction tasks at pretest (during pregnancy) and posttest (1 year after birth). Husbands' and wives' positivity and negativity were micro-coded throughout interactions...
June 9, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589795/fertility-preservation
#9
Lynne Pearce
Essential facts [Figure: see text] Fertility preservation involves freezing and storing eggs, sperm, embryos and ovarian or testicular tissue for use in a person's future fertility treatment. Men and women may wish to preserve their fertility for a variety of reasons, including delaying parenthood and allowing treatment of a medical condition that may affect future fertility, including some cancer treatments.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588541/parenting-stress-mental-health-dyadic-adjustment-a-structural-equation-model
#10
Luca Rollè, Laura E Prino, Cristina Sechi, Laura Vismara, Erica Neri, Concetta Polizzi, Annamaria Trovato, Barbara Volpi, Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Elena Ierardi, Valentino Ferro, Loredana Lucarelli, Francesca Agostini, Renata Tambelli, Emanuela Saita, Cristina Riva Crugnola, Piera Brustia
Objective: In the 1st year of the post-partum period, parenting stress, mental health, and dyadic adjustment are important for the wellbeing of both parents and the child. However, there are few studies that analyze the relationship among these three dimensions. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between parenting stress, mental health (depressive and anxiety symptoms), and dyadic adjustment among first-time parents. Method: We studied 268 parents (134 couples) of healthy babies. At 12 months post-partum, both parents filled out, in a counterbalanced order, the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form, the Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579416/psychological-and-emotional-concomitants-of-infertility-diagnosis-in-women-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve-or-anatomical-cause-of-infertility
#11
Jennifer M Nicoloro-SantaBarbara, Marci Lobel, Silvina Bocca, James R Stelling, Lisa M Pastore
OBJECTIVE: To examine the magnitude and predictors of emotional reactions to an infertility diagnosis in two groups of women: those with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), and those clinically diagnosed with an anatomical cause of infertility (ACI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic and private fertility clinics. PATIENT(S): Women diagnosed with DOR (n = 51) and women diagnosed with ACI (n = 51). INTERVENTION(S): Not applicable...
June 1, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578149/abortion-and-contemporary-hip-hop-a-thematic-analysis-of-lyrics-from-1990-2015
#12
Ashish Premkumar, Katherine Brown, Biftu Mengesha, Andrea V Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the representation of abortion in contemporary hip-hop music, gaining insight into the myriad of attitudes of abortion in the black community. STUDY DESIGN: We used Genius, an online storehouse for lyrical content, to identify songs by querying the database for search terms related to family planning, including slang terms. We then cross-referenced identified songs using an online list of songs about abortion. We analyzed eligible songs using grounded theory in order to identify key themes...
May 31, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576647/testosterone-oxytocin-and-the-development-of-human-parental-care
#13
Ilanit Gordon, Maayan Pratt, Katharina Bergunde, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman
The steroid testosterone (T) and neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) have each been implicated in the development of parental care in humans and animals, yet very little research addressed the interaction between these hormones at the transition to parenthood in mothers and fathers. One hundred and sixty mothers and fathers (80 couples) were visited 1 and 6months after the birth of their first child, plasma OT and T were assayed at each time-point, and interactions between each parent and the infant were observed and micro-coded for two key parental behaviors; affectionate touch and parent-infant synchrony...
May 30, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575487/late-life-employment-histories-and-their-association-with-work-and-family-formation-during-adulthood-a-sequence-analysis-based-on-elsa
#14
Morten Wahrendorf, Paola Zaninotto, Hanno Hoven, Jenny Head, Ewan Carr
Objectives: To extend research on workforce participation beyond age 50 by describing entire employment histories in later life and testing their links to prior life course conditions. Methods: We use data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, with retrospective information on employment histories between age 50 and 70 for 1,103 men and 1,195 women (n = 2,298). We apply sequence analysis and group respondents into eight clusters with similar histories. Using multinomial regressions, we then test their links to labor market participation, partnership, and parenthood histories during early (age 20-34) and mid-adulthood (age 35-49)...
May 31, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566101/from-motives-through-desires-to-intentions-investigating-the-reproductive-choices-of-childless-men-and-women-in-poland
#15
Monika Mynarska, Jolanta Rytel
This study examined the potential of the theoretical model proposed by Warren Miller (the Traits/Motives-Desires-Intentions-Behaviour or TDIB model) for investigating the involuntary-voluntary childlessness continuum. The first three stages of the theoretical motivational sequence (motives to desires to intentions) were examined using a purposive sample of 314 childless Polish men and women aged 30-39 (at the time of data collection in September 2013). In Poland, this is the age range when the final decision for or against parenthood is taken...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565976/differences-in-labour-force-participation-by-motherhood-status-among-second-generation-turkish-and-majority-women-across-europe
#16
Jennifer A Holland, Helga A G de Valk
Second-generation Turkish immigrants make up an increasingly important segment of European labour markets. These young adults are entering the prime working ages and forming families. However, we have only a limited understanding of the relationship between labour force participation and parenthood among second-generation Turkish women. Using unique data from the Integration of the European Second Generation survey (2007/08), we compared the labour force participation of second-generation Turkish women with their majority-group counterparts by motherhood status in four countries...
June 1, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552564/adolescent-reproductive-health-without-planned-parenthood
#17
EDITORIAL
Paula J Adams Hillard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549634/maternal-adverse-childhood-experience-and-infant-health-biomedical-and-psychosocial-risks-as-intermediary-mechanisms
#18
Sheri Madigan, Mark Wade, Andre Plamondon, Jonathon L Maguire, Jennifer M Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: To assess the mechanisms accounting for the transfer of risk from one generation to the next, especially as they relate to maternal adverse childhood experiences and infant physical and emotional health outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 501 community mother-infant dyads recruited shortly after the birth and followed up at 18 months. Mothers retrospectively reported on their adverse childhood experiences. The main outcome measures were parent-reported infant physical health and emotional problems...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543762/male-partnered-bisexual-women-s-perceptions-of-disclosing-sexual-orientation-to-family-across-the-transition-to-parenthood-intensifying-heteronormativity-or-queering-family
#19
Abbie E Goldberg, Katherine R Allen, Themal Ellawala, Lori E Ross
Drawing from queer and communication privacy management frameworks, this study examines the narratives of 22 bisexual, male-partnered women who were interviewed during the perinatal period and one year postnatally about their disclosures of sexual identity to family of origin. Most women rarely discussed their sexual identity with family; participants who had disclosed described such disclosures as provoking discomfort. Some women stated that their parental status seemed to invalidate the need to talk about their sexual history or identity with family, due its declining salience and increased concerns about judgment...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#20
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
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