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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944997/desire-for-parenthood-and-reproductive-health-knowledge-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-their-caregivers
#1
Leena Nahata, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Kyle Ball, Sarah H O'Brien, Susan E Creary
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) and hydroxyurea have implications for fertility and reproductive health. The goal of this study was to examine desire for parenthood and reproductive health knowledge among a cohort of adolescent and young adult (AYA) with SCD receiving hydroxyurea and their caregivers at a large pediatric academic center. METHODS: Patients with SCD were approached from September 2016 to July 2017 if they were: (1) 12-20 years old, (2) prescribed hydroxyurea for at least 6 months, (3) proficient in English, and (4) accompanied by a caregiver who was proficient in English and willing to participate...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938731/the-importance-of-genetic-parenthood-for-infertile-men-and-women
#2
S Hendriks, K Peeraer, H Bos, S Repping, E A F Dancet
STUDY QUESTION: Do men and women beginning to attend a fertility clinic prefer genetic over non-genetic parenthood? SUMMARY ANSWER: Nearly, all infertile men and women prefer genetic parenthood. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Clinicians assume that all infertile couples prefer genetic parenthood over non-genetic parenthood and, therefore, consider treatments with donor gametes an option of last resort. Previous studies of the desire for parenthood identified 30 motivations for genetic parenthood, and 51 motivations for which having a genetically related child is not strictly necessary but might be deemed required...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930623/multipartner-fertility-in-nicaragua-complex-family-formation-in-a-low-income-setting
#3
Kammi K Schmeer, Jake Hays
CONTEXT: Multipartner fertility (having children with more than one partner) is an important topic in demographic research, but little is known about its incidence and correlates in low-income settings, where rates may be high because of poverty, union instability and early childbearing. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2012 Encuesta Nicaragüense de Demografía y Salud were used to calculate the prevalence of multipartner fertility among 8,320 mothers and 2,141 fathers with two or more children...
March 3, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927440/refugees-asylum-seekers-and-undocumented-migrants-and-the-experience-of-parenthood-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#4
REVIEW
Lisa Merry, Sandra Pelaez, Nancy C Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the recent qualitative literature and identify the integrative themes describing the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants. METHODS: We searched seven online databases for the period January 2006 to February 2017. We included English and French published peer-reviewed articles and graduate-level dissertations, which qualitatively examined the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants...
September 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915887/professional-fulfillment-and-parenting-work-life-balance-in-female-physicians-in-basic-sciences-and-medical-research-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-of-all-80-medical-schools-in-japan
#5
Yuka Yamazaki, Takanori Uka, Eiji Marui
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the field of Basic Sciences encompasses clinical, academic, and translational research, as well as the teaching of medical sciences, with both an MD and PhD typically required. In this study, it was hypothesized that the characteristics of a Basic Sciences career path could offer the professional advancement and personal fulfillment that many female medical doctors would find advantageous. Moreover, encouraging interest in Basic Sciences could help stem shortages that Japan is experiencing in medical fields, as noted in the three principal contributing factors: premature resignation of female clinicians, an imbalance of female physicians engaged in research, and a shortage of medical doctors in the Basic Sciences...
September 15, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913676/the-cost-of-being-cool-how-adolescent-pseudomature-behavior-maps-onto-adult-adjustment
#6
Leslie Gordon Simons, Tara E Sutton, Sarah Shannon, Mark T Berg, Frederick X Gibbons
During adolescence, one's status among peers is a major concern. Such status is often largely a function of popularity and establishing oneself as "cool." While there are conventional avenues to achieving status among adolescents, engaging in adult-like, or pseudomature, behaviors such as substance use or sexual activity is a frequent occurrence. Although past research has examined the consequences of adolescent delinquency, what remains unclear is the long-term fate of adolescents who are both popular and antisocial...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906024/father-group-leaders-experiences-of-creating-an-arena-for-father-support-a-qualitative-study
#7
Birgitta Kerstis, Michael B Wells, Ewa Andersson
BACKGROUND: Parental classes consisting of only fathers, hereafter referred to as father groups, have existed in Sweden since the mid-1990s. OBJECTIVE: To describe the father group leaders' perspectives on and experiences of father groups. METHOD: A qualitative study was conducted using content analysis. Eleven individual interviews with father group leaders were conducted. An interview guide was used. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was set in different parts of Sweden...
September 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902528/serbian-medical-students-fertility-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-future-parenthood
#8
Isidora Vujčić, Tijana Radičević, Eleonora Dubljanin, Nataša Maksimović, Sandra Grujičić
OBJECTIVES: Medical students represent a group particularly at risk of involuntary childlessness due to their highly demanding careers and university curriculum. The aim of this study was to investigate Serbian medical students' attitudes towards future parenthood and their awareness of fertility issues. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among fourth year students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia, between 12 and 16 December 2016...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891820/transitional-objects-to-faciliate-grieving-following-perinatal-loss
#9
Lawrence D LeDuff, Wanda T Bradshaw, Stephanie M Blake
BACKGROUND: Parents who experience a perinatal loss often leave the hospital with empty arms and no tangible mementos to validate the parenting experience. Opportunities to create parenting experiences with transitional objects exist following the infant's death. PURPOSE: This article offers suggestions for staff in units where infant loss is possible to best assist parents in optimal grieving through the offering of transitional bereavement objects. METHODS/SEARCH STRATEGY: CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched using the following key words-perinatal bereavement, grief, perinatal loss, transitional objects, bereavement photography-and the search was limited to 5 years and the English language...
October 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889402/social-freezing-in-medical-practice-experiences-and-attitudes-of-gynecologists-in-germany
#10
Maximilian Schochow, Giovanni Rubeis, Grit Büchner-Mögling, Hansjakob Fries, Florian Steger
Surveys of the German public have revealed a high acceptance of social freezing, i.e. oocyte conservation without medical indication. Up to now, there are no investigations available on the experiences and attitudes of health professionals towards social freezing. Between August 2015 and January 2016, we surveyed gynecologists Germany-wide on the topic social freezing. Five gynecologists specialized in reproductive medicine and five office-based gynecologists in standard care were chosen for the survey. The survey was conducted with an explorative, qualitative research design...
September 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888281/intergenerational-relations-before-and-after-offspring-arrive-a-within-person-investigation
#11
Antti O Tanskanen
The birth of a child may re-orientate the relations between adult children and their parents; however, the previous studies on the topic are both scarce and methodologically limited. The current study investigates whether younger adults' entry into parenthood (i.e., the birth of the first child) is associated with increased contact frequency, emotional closeness, intimacy and conflict with their own parents. The participants are from the German Panel Analysis of Intimate Relationships and Family Dynamics, which is a prospective survey of younger adults with six annual follow-up waves between 2009 and 2014 (n = 17,662 person-observations from 4821 persons)...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878722/prenatal-internal-locus-of-control-is-positively-associated-with-offspring-iq-mediated-through-parenting-behavior-prenatal-lifestyle-and-social-circumstances
#12
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Genette L Ellis, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Locus of control (LOC) is a measure that identifies the likelihood as to whether an individual considers what happens to him is largely a matter of luck or fate (known as externally oriented) or whether it is something that the individual can influence (internality). Here we have used data collected as part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) to determine the associations between the mothers' LOC orientation before the birth of the child and her child's cognition measured at age 8...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869033/life-course-of-children-with-parental-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Julie Yoon Moberg
BACKGROUND: The majority of persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience onset of MS between the ages of 20 and 40. Since two-thirds of the persons with MS are young women of childbearing age, parenthood is an essential issue during this period of life. The potential influence of parental MS on children arises from the varied symptoms of the chronic illness, which affect physical and cognitive abilities. MS disabilities and fatigue can restrict daily life and result in less energy for activities or job loss and thus worse conditions for the family...
August 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869028/-the-use-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-in-fertility-treatment
#14
Fie Pilsgaard, Anna Garcia-Alix Grynnerup, Kristine Løssl, Anja Pinborg
The need for fertility treatment in Denmark is increasing, one of the main causes being postponed parenthood. Ovarian reserve is determined by the anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level and by antral follicle count. Both tests can predict the ovarian response to gonadotropin treatment prior to in vitro fertilization (IVF) and are used to individualize ovarian stimulation to achieve an appropriate number of follicles and to avoid ovarian hyperstimulation. A new assay detects low values of AMH and may predict who will benefit from IVF, and who should be referred directly to oocyte donation...
August 7, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867441/tweeting-pp-an-analysis-of-the-2015-2016-planned-parenthood-controversy-on-twitter
#15
Leo Han, Lisa Han, Blair Darney, Maria I Rodriguez
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed Twitter tweets and Twitter provided user data to give geographical, temporal and content insight into the use of social media in the Planned Parenthood video controversy. METHODOLOGY: We randomly sampled the full Twitter repository (also known as the Firehose) (n=30,000) for tweets containing the phrase "planned parenthood" as well as group defining hashtags "#defundpp" and "#standwithpp." We used demographic content provided by the user and word analysis to generate charts, maps and timeline visualizations...
August 31, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854812/a-narrative-engagement-framework-to-understand-hpv-vaccination-among-latina-and-vietnamese-women-in-a-planned-parenthood-setting
#16
Suellen Hopfer, Samantha Garcia, Huong T Duong, Jennefer A Russo, Sora P Tanjasiri
Disparities in cervical cancer and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination persist among Vietnamese and Latina women. Through a partnership with Planned Parenthood of Orange and San Bernardino Counties (PPOSBC) in Southern California, we conducted in-depth interviews with young adult Latina ( n = 24) and Vietnamese ( n = 24) women, and PPOSBC staff ( n = 2). We purposively sampled vaccinated women to elicit HPV vaccine decision narratives to uncover rich data on motivators, cultural values, and implicit vaccine attitudes...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854718/single-fathers-by-choice-using-surrogacy-why-men-decide-to-have-a-child-as-a-single-parent
#17
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: Why do men decide to have a child by surrogacy as a single parent? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reasons included feeling that it was the right time (i.e. having 'worked through' concerns about single parenthood; career and financial stability; a fear of getting older; no longer wanting to wait for the 'right' relationship), external encouragement, a desire to reproduce and a fear of separation/divorce. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Because no research has been conducted on single fathers who used surrogacy, their characteristics, motivations and experiences are unknown...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854582/incidence-prevalence-diagnostic-delay-morbidity-mortality-and-socioeconomic-status-in-males-with-46-xx-disorders-of-sex-development-a-nationwide-study
#18
A Berglund, T H Johannsen, K Stochholm, L Aksglaede, J Fedder, M H Viuff, K M Main, C H Gravholt
STUDY QUESTION: What is the epidemiology and trajectory of health and socioeconomic status in males with 46,XX disorders of sex development (DSD)? SUMMARY ANSWER: 46,XX DSD males had an increased overall morbidity compared to male background population controls, and the socioeconomic status was inferior on outcome parameters such as education and long-term income. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: 46,XX DSD males are rare and estimates of prevalence and incidence are limited...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838899/combining-parenthood-with-a-medical-career-questionnaire-survey-of-the-uk-medical-graduates-of-2002-covering-some-influences-and-experiences
#19
Trevor W Lambert, Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre
OBJECTIVES: To report the self-assessed views of a cohort of medical graduates about the impact of having (or wanting to have) children on their specialty choice and the extent to which their employer was supportive of doctors with children. SETTING: United Kingdom (UK). PARTICIPANTS: UK medical graduates of 2002 surveyed by post and email in 2014. RESULTS: The response rate was 64.2% (2057/3205). Most respondents were living with a spouse or partner (86%) and, of these, 49% had a medical spouse...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835244/improving-preconception-health-and-care-a-situation-analysis
#20
Ashley Goodfellow, John Frank, John McAteer, Jean Rankin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this situation analysis was to explore the views of health and non-health professionals working with women of childbearing age on current and future delivery of preconception care in one National Health Service (NHS) Board area in Scotland. METHODS: The situation analysis was undertaken using a mixed methods approach. Six focus groups were conducted organised by profession - general practitioners (GPs), practice nurses, health visitors, family nurses, guidance teachers and youth workers...
August 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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