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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432827/parenting-stress-and-its-association-with-perceived-agreement-about-the-disclosure-decision-in-parents-following-donor-conception
#1
Anja J Gebhardt, Gunilla Sydsjö, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Astrid Indekeu, Claudia Lampic
For many donor-conceiving heterosexual parents, the process of deciding whether and what to tell children about their genetic origin is challenging. We hypothesized that incomplete couple agreement about disclosure could be associated with parenting stress. The aim of the study was to investigate (1) parenting stress levels among heterosexual parents of young children following gamete donation and (2) whether parenting stress is related to perceived agreement about disclosure of the donor conception to the children MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study is part of the longitudinal multicenter Swedish Study on Gamete Donation and included a total of 213 heterosexual parents with children age 1-4 years following oocyte donation (n = 103) and sperm donation (n = 110)...
April 22, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414073/metabolic-and-affective-consequences-of-fatherhood-in-male-california-mice
#2
Meng Zhao, Theodore Garland, Mark A Chappell, Jacob R Andrew, Wendy Saltzman
Physiological and affective condition can be modulated by the social environment and parental state in mammals. However, in species in which males assist with rearing offspring, the metabolic and affective effects of pair bonding and fatherhood on males have rarely been explored. In this study we tested the hypothesis that fathers, like mothers, experience energetic costs as well as behavioral and affective changes (e.g., depression, anxiety) associated with parenthood. We tested this hypothesis in the monogamous, biparental California mouse (Peromyscus californicus)...
April 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412876/effect-of-breastfeeding-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-mothers
#3
Heather L Sipsma, Elizabeth Ruiz, Krista Jones, Urania Magriples, Trace Kersahw
PURPOSE: To describe the association between breastfeeding and postpartum depressive symptoms among a sample of adolescent and young adult mothers and to determine whether breastfeeding difficulty moderates this association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were derived from a prospective cohort of pregnant adolescent and young adult females (ages 14-21) as they transitioned to parenthood. This analysis uses data collected during pregnancy and at 6 months postpartum among mothers (n = 137) who initiated breastfeeding...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408893/bridging-the-gap-across-the-transition-to-coparenthood-triadic-interactions-and-coparenting-representations-from-pregnancy-through-12-months-postpartum
#4
Regina Kuersten-Hogan
Most family researchers agree that the coparenting relationship emerges some time during the transition to parenthood, though it is unclear whether it originates in pregnancy. Previous studies demonstrated that couples' positive representations of their future coparenting relationship and harmonious coparenting behaviors observed during prenatal triadic interactions predicted better postpartum functioning. However, previous studies did not simultaneously assess prenatal coparenting behaviors and representations as predictors of postpartum coparenting...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401501/the-sibsize-revolution-and-social-disparities-in-children-s-family-contexts-in-the-united-states-1940-2012
#5
Tony Fahey
This article points to a sharp decline in children's sibling numbers (sibsize) that occurred in the United States since the 1970s and was large enough among children with lower socioeconomic status (SES) (particularly black children) to amount to a revolution in their family circumstances. It interprets sibsize decline as a source of social convergence in children's family contexts that ran counter to trends toward social divergence caused by the rise of lone parenthood. The article is based on new estimates of differences in children's sibsize and lone parenthood by race and maternal education generated from public-use samples from the Census of Population and Current Population Survey (CPS), focusing especially on the period 1940-2012...
April 11, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399472/first-time-fathers-experiences-of-their-prenatal-preparation-in-relation-to-challenges-met-in-the-early-parenthood-period-implications-for-early-parenthood-preparation
#6
Petra Pålsson, Eva K Persson, Maria Ekelin, Inger Kristensson Hallström, Linda J Kvist
OBJECTIVE: to describe first-time fathers experiences of their prenatal preparation in relation to challenges met in the early parenthood period. DESIGN: a qualitative study was conducted and data was analysed with a phenomenographical approach. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 15 first-time fathers were recruited from three postnatal units in southern Sweden and interviewed approximately one month after their baby was born. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: three categories and 14 conceptions about fathers' experiences of their preparation emerged from the data...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392776/manifestation-of-trauma-the-effect-of-early-traumatic-experiences-and-adult-attachment-on-parental-reflective-functioning
#7
Pamela San Cristobal, Maria P Santelices, Daniel A Miranda Fuenzalida
There are many risk factors that make the transition to parenthood difficult, even in the best of circumstances. One such risk factor is the experience of parental childhood trauma, which has the potential to affect the parent/child relationship, both in terms of attachment style parental reflective functioning. This study aims to expand on the line of research concerned with the effects that trauma has once that child transitions into adulthood and into parenthood by looking at the role that the experience of trauma and adult attachment has in relation to parental reflective functioning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392772/the-tromso-infant-faces-database-tif-development-validation-and-application-to-assess-parenting-experience-on-clarity-and-intensity-ratings
#8
Jana K Maack, Agnes Bohne, Dag Nordahl, Lina Livsdatter, Åsne A W Lindahl, Morten Øvervoll, Catharina E A Wang, Gerit Pfuhl
Newborns and infants are highly depending on successfully communicating their needs; e.g., through crying and facial expressions. Although there is a growing interest in the mechanisms of and possible influences on the recognition of facial expressions in infants, heretofore there exists no validated database of emotional infant faces. In the present article we introduce a standardized and freely available face database containing Caucasian infant face images from 18 infants 4 to 12 months old. The development and validation of the Tromsø Infant Faces (TIF) database is presented in Study 1...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392610/growth-trajectories-of-mexican-origin-adolescent-mothers-educational-expectations
#9
Diamond Y Bravo, Russell B Toomey, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly A Updegraff, Laudan B Jahromi
Pregnant and parenting adolescents are at significant risk for educational underachievement. Educational expectations play a critical role for understanding subsequent educational attainment; yet, limited empirical attention has been given to changes in educational expectations across the transition to parenthood among adolescent mothers. This longitudinal study explored stability and change in educational expectations across the transition to parenthood among 191 first-time pregnant Mexican-origin adolescents (Mage = 16...
March 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389170/women-s-experiences-of-and-attitudes-to-maternity-education-across-the-perinatal-period-in-victoria-australia-a-mixed-methods-approach
#10
Melissa Buultjens, Gregory Murphy, Priscilla Robinson, Jeannette Milgrom, Melissa Monfries
BACKGROUND: While the provision of maternity education across the perinatal period can increase the confidence and self-efficacy in childbearing women, there is still thought to be a lack of effective educational resources for parenthood. This study, conducted in Victoria, Australia, investigated women's experiences of, and attitudes to education communicated in maternity service provision. METHODS: 189 women were recruited from a variety of settings to participate in a mixed-methods survey about their experiences of perinatal health service education...
April 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381306/priorities-for-family-building-among-patients-and-partners-seeking-treatment-for-infertility
#11
Elizabeth A Duthie, Alexandra Cooper, Joseph B Davis, Jay Sandlow, Katherine D Schoyer, Estil Strawn, Kathryn E Flynn
BACKGROUND: Infertility treatment decisions require people to balance multiple priorities. Within couples, partners must also negotiate priorities with one another. In this study, we assessed the family-building priorities of couples prior to their first consultations with a reproductive specialist. METHODS: Participants were couples who had upcoming first consultations with a reproductive specialist (N = 59 couples (59 women; 59 men)). Prior to the consultation, couples separately completed the Family-Building Priorities Tool, which tasked them with ranking from least to most important 10 factors associated with family building...
April 5, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370174/parents-early-healthcare-transition-experiences-with-preterm-and-acutely-ill-infants-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
M Ballantyne, T Orava, S Bernardo, A C McPherson, P Church, D Fehlings
BACKGROUND: Parents undergo multiple transitions following the birth of an ill infant: their infant's illness-health trajectory, neonatal intensive care unit hospitalization and transfers from one healthcare setting to another, while also transitioning to parenthood. The objective of this review was to map and synthesize evidence on the experiences and needs of parents of preterm or ill infants as they transition within and between healthcare settings following birth. METHODS: The scoping review followed Arskey and O'Malley's () framework, enhanced by Levac et al...
March 30, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368202/sexual-orientation-and-future-parenthood-in-a-2011-2013-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#13
Rachel G Riskind, Samantha L Tornello
Previous researchers have found evidence for differences in parenting goals between lesbian and gay people and their heterosexual peers. However, no previous research has quantified the parenting goals of bisexual people or evaluated parenting goals as a function of sexual partner gender. In addition, political and social climates for sexual minority people had improved rapidly since the last representative data on lesbian and gay peoples' plans for parenthood were collected. We analyzed data from 3,941 childless lesbian, gay, bisexual, and heterosexual participants from the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG; United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 2014), a nationally representative sample of United States residents aged 15 to 44 years...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366978/gender-parenthood-and-wage-differences-the-importance-of-time-consuming-job-characteristics
#14
Charlotta Magnusson, Magnus Nermo
Using data from the Swedish Level of Living Survey (2000, 2010), we investigate how the gender wage gap varies with occupational prestige and family status and also examine the extent to which this gap is explained by time-consuming working conditions. In addition, we investigate whether there is an association between parenthood, job characteristics and wage (as differentiated by gender). The analyses indicate that there are gender differences regarding prestige-based pay-offs among parents that are partly explained by fathers' greater access to employment characterized by time-consuming conditions...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364962/skin-to-skin-contact-facilitates-more-equal-parenthood-a-qualitative-study-from-fathers-perspective
#15
Emma Olsson, Mats Eriksson, Agneta Anderzén-Carlsson
DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive design was used where 20 fathers of premature infants were interviewed using a semi-structured interview-guide. The guide contained the following five topics: the fathers' feelings about and experiences of using skin-to-skin contact (SSC), the physical environment at the Neonatal Intensive Care unit, staff attitudes, and whether SSC had any impact on the relationship with their partner and other children in the family. The interviews were analyzed using directed qualitative content analysis and the results compared with those of a qualitative systematic review by Anderzén-Carlsson and colleagues...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361724/sex-before-the-state-civic-sex-reproductive-innovations-and-gendered-parental-identity
#16
Timothy F Murphy
Certain changes in the way that states classify people by sex as well as certain reproductive innovations undercut the rationale for state identification of people as male or female in signifying gendered parental relationships to children. At present, people known to the state as men may be genetic mothers to their children; people known to the state as women may be genetic fathers to their children. Synthetic gametes would make it possible for transgender men to be genetically related to children as fathers and transgender women to be genetically related to children as mothers, even if they have otherwise relied on naturally-occurring gametes to be genetic mothers and genetic fathers of children respectively...
April 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361228/cancer-patients-preferences-for-therapy-decisions-can-be-grouped-into-categories-and-separated-by-demographic-factors
#17
Jana Arnholdt, Jörg Haier
PURPOSE: Shared decision-making is based on comparable understanding of decision criteria on both sides that requires knowledge about preferences, reception/prioritization of benefits and covariates influencing these criteria. We addressed identification of cancer patients' preferences for treatment decisions and covariates for preference patterns in certain patient cohorts. DESIGN: Using preference surveys ordinal ranking of decisional preferences in life (PL) and during therapy (PT) were obtained and aggregated by factorial analysis...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357527/the-impact-of-pre-and-post-natal-psycho-educational-intervention-on-the-construction-of-parenthood
#18
Chantal Razurel, Jean-Philippe Antonietti, Françoise Rulfi, Nadia Pasquier, Sophie Domingues-Montanari, Joëlle Darwiche
A pilot study was conducted to assess the merits and feasibility of a standardized postnatal psycho-educational interview on mothers' mental wellbeing, self-efficacy, and mother-child and couple relationships. A comparison of prenatal psycho-educational interview (n = 23) vs. pre- and post-natal psycho-educational interviews (n = 26) was carried out. Parental self-efficacy and the mother-child relationship were significantly improved for the group who received a post-natal interview at 2 and 3 months postpartum in addition to a prenatal interview...
March 29, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351265/risk-of-death-lower-for-older-people-who-are-also-parents
#19
(no author information available yet)
Parenthood is associated with a longer life than being childless, and increasingly so in old age, say Swedish researchers.
March 29, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349236/concurrent-trajectories-of-female-drinking-and-smoking-behaviors-throughout-transitions-to-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood
#20
Weiwei Liu, Elizabeth A Mumford
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to investigate whether there are distinct etiological processes explaining dual usage of alcohol and conventional cigarettes by mothers from preconception through the early parenting years. Data on 8800 biological mothers were drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), representative of US births in 2001. A general growth mixture model (GGMM) was used to empirically identify developmental trajectories of maternal smoking and drinking over the 5-6-year study period...
March 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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