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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212056/parenting-intentions-among-transgender-individuals
#1
Samantha L Tornello, Henny Bos
PURPOSE: We know very little about how transgender people create their families and the issues involved in these decisions. This qualitative study explored the parenting intentions and desires of 32 self-identified transgender individuals who want to become parents in the future. METHODS: Data were collected using an open-ended survey with 32 transgender men and transgender women regarding when and how they want to become parents in the future. RESULTS: We found that transgender individuals expressed specific desires for parenthood, such as biological relatedness and barriers to parenthood, such as physical limitations or lack of legal protections, which influence how transgender individuals choose to become parents in the future...
February 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202147/single-parent-households-and-mortality-among-children-and-youth
#2
Paul R Amato, Sarah E Patterson
Although many studies have examined associations between family structure and child outcomes, few have considered how the increase in single-parent households since the 1960s may have affected child mortality rates. We examined state-level changes in the percentage of children living with single parents between 1968 and 2010 and state-level trends in mortality among children and youth (age 19 or younger) in the United States. Regression models with state and year fixed effects revealed that increases in single parenthood were associated with small increments in accidental deaths and homicides...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190890/c-peptide-baseline-and-postprandial-insulin-resistance-after-a-carbohydrate-rich-test-meal-evidence-for-an-increased-insulin-clearance-in-pcos-patients
#3
J Stassek, J Erdmann, F Ohnolz, F D Berg, M Kiechle, V Seifert-Klauss
Introduction Known characteristics of patients with PCOS include infertility, menstrual disorders, hirsutism and also often insulin resistance. These symptoms increase with increasing body weight. In the LIPCOS study (Lifestyle Intervention for Patients with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome [PCOS]) long-term changes of the PCOS in dependence on pregnancy and parenthood were systematically assessed. In the framework of the LIPCOS study, PCOS patients were given a standardised carbohydrate-rich test meal in order to examine glucose homeostasis and insulin secretion...
January 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182282/antenatal-determinants-of-parental-attachment-and-parenting-alliance-how-do-mothers-and-fathers-differ
#4
Rita Luz, Astrid George, Rachel Vieux, Elisabeth Spitz
Parental (parent-to-infant) attachment and parenting alliance are defined as two important components of psychoaffective adjustment to the parental role. This study aimed to build a predictive model of parental attachment and parenting alliance for mothers and fathers using partial least squares-structural equation modeling. Specifically, we were interested in assessing how adult romantic attachment, marital quality, and psychological distress influenced parental attachment (parent-to-infant) and parenting alliance...
February 9, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179692/an-intervention-study-to-assess-knowledge-and-attitude-about-reproductive-health-among-turkish-armed-forces
#5
Alper Tunga Kokcu, Omur Sayligil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of reproductive health training given in Turkish Armed Forces on recruits' knowledge. METHODS: This interventional study was conducted at the Basic Military Training Centre, Kutahya, Turkey, from September to October 2009, and comprised recruits of armed forces. Data was collected and assessed before and after the training sessions. The intervention programme consisted of education focusing on anatomy of the reproductive system, contraceptive methods, sexually transmitted infections, responsible parenthood, gender and violence against women...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166545/planned-parenthood-provides-essential-services-that-improve-women-s-health
#6
Hal C Lawrence, Debra L Ness
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165279/introduction-to-the-special-section-mind-and-matter-new-insights-on-the-role-of-parental-cognitive-and-neurobiological-functioning-in-process-models-of-parenting
#7
Kirby Deater-Deckard, Melissa L Sturge-Apple
This is an introduction to the special section on neurobiological and neurocognitive factors in parenting. The collection of 11 papers are published in 2 serial subsections of consecutive issues of the journal. The science they present captures the leading edge of work examining the interface of cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and physiological self-regulation in parenting and how these operate to protect or increment risk for poorer parenting among families who face chronic stressors (e.g., poverty, single parenthood, homelessness, mood disorders)...
February 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164236/long-term-adjustment-to-unmet-parenthood-goals-following-art-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Sofia Gameiro, Amy Finnigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161526/low-fertility-preservation-utilization-among-transgender-youth
#9
Leena Nahata, Amy C Tishelman, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Gwendolyn P Quinn
PURPOSE: Research demonstrates a negative psychosocial impact of infertility among otherwise healthy adults, and distress among adolescents facing the prospect of future infertility due to various medical conditions and treatments that impair reproductive health. Guidelines state that providers should counsel transgender youth about potential infertility and fertility preservation (FP) options prior to initiation of hormone therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the rates of fertility counseling and utilization of FP among a cohort of adolescents with gender dysphoria seen at a large gender clinic...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158330/defunding-planned-parenthood-the-stakes-for-america-s-women
#10
Chloe Ciccariello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153742/adoption-decision-making-among-women-seeking-abortion
#11
Gretchen Sisson, Lauren Ralph, Heather Gould, Diana Greene Foster
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how adoption factors into pregnancy decision making, particularly when abortion is unavailable. METHODS: We used data from the Turnaway Study, a longitudinal study of 956 women seeking abortion, including 231 women denied abortions owing to gestational limits. Through semiannual quantitative interviews, we assessed the frequency with which women denied abortion considered and choose adoption, and, among adoption participants, decision satisfaction...
January 30, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151495/greater-brain-response-to-emotional-expressions-of-their-own-children-in-mothers-of-preterm-infants-an-fmri-study
#12
R Montirosso, F Arrigoni, E Casini, A Nordio, P De Carli, F Di Salle, S Moriconi, M Re, G Reni, R Borgatti
OBJECTIVE: The birth of a preterm infant and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit hospitalization constitute a potentially traumatic experience for mothers. Although behavioral studies investigated the parenting stress in preterm mothers, no study focused on the underlying neural mechanisms. We examined the effect of preterm births in mothers, by comparing brain activation in mothers of preterm and full-term infants. STUDY DESIGN: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure the cerebral response of 10 first-time mothers of preterm infants (gestational age <32 weeks and/or birth weight <1500) and 11 mothers of full-term infants, viewing happy-, neutral- and distress-face images of their own infant, along with a matched unknown infant...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144992/facilitating-and-inhibiting-factors-in-transition-to-parenthood-ways-in-which-health-professionals-can-support-parents
#13
Mia Barimani, Anna Vikström, Michael Rosander, Karin Forslund Frykedal, Anita Berlin
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood is an overwhelming life event. From a theoretical perspective, transition to parenthood is a developmental transition that contains certain phases and patterns. AIM: This study aim was twofold (i) discover, describe and comprehend transitional conditions that parents perceive as facilitating and inhibiting during transition to parenthood and to (ii) use that knowledge to develop recommendations for professional interventions that support and facilitate transition to parenthood...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135152/agents-of-law-psychoanalytic-perspective-on-parenthood-practices-as-socially-accepted-violence
#14
Efrat Even-Tzur, Uri Hadar
This paper presents a theoretical model of parental authority from the vantage point of parental subjecthood, using a roughly Lacanian formulation of what it means to take a (parental) subject position. For Freud, the parental role involves the acceptance of social rules that may, at times, involve a socially acceptable degree of violence. Nevertheless, psychoanalytic discussions have disregarded the parents' subjective experience as agents of the Law and purveyors of threatening authority. The authors elaborate on Freud's and Lacan's ideas and delineate several prime types of parental identifications as agents of Law...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133399/parenthood-residency-status-and-criminal-desistance-across-neighborhood-contexts
#15
Jessica A Ziegler, Danielle C Kuhl, Raymond R Swisher, Jorge M Chavez
Research on desistance and parenthood has yielded mixed results bringing into question whether, and for whom, parenthood matters. Scholarship has not fully explored the importance of residency status or patterns of desistance across a full range of neighborhood contexts, nor examined distinctions between temporary and long-term desistance. Our study uses data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to examine the association between parenthood residence and criminal desistance across levels of adolescent neighborhood poverty...
2017: Deviant Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122990/using-stem-cell-derived-gametes-for-same-sex-reproduction-an-alternative-scenario
#16
Seppe Segers, Heidi Mertes, Guido Pennings, Guido de Wert, Wybo Dondorp
It has been suggested that future application of stem-cell derived gametes (SCD-gametes) might lead to the possibility for same-sex couples to have genetically related children. Still, for this to become possible, the technique of gamete derivation and techniques of reprogramming somatic cells to a pluripotent state (directly or via somatic cell nuclear transfer) would have to be perfected. Moreover, egg cells would have to be derived from male cells and sperm cells from female cells, which is believed to be particularly difficult, if not impossible...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116589/identifying-health-experiences-of-domestically-sex-trafficked-women-in-the-usa-a-qualitative-study-in-rikers-island-jail
#17
Anita Ravi, Megan Rose Pfeiffer, Zachary Rosner, Judy A Shea
While sex trafficking in the USA is a significant medical and public health issue, there is sparse data on the healthcare needs of and access for this population. This study was designed to identify experiences of domestically sex-trafficked women regarding healthcare access, reproductive health, and infectious diseases while trafficked. Trafficking survivors incarcerated in New York City's Rikers Island women's jail participated in audio-recorded interviews between July and September 2015. Recordings were transcribed, and a content analysis was completed to identify health-related themes...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108728/balancing-parenthood-and-practice
#18
Carolyne Crowe
Women now account for 76 per cent of new veterinary undergraduate intakes and feminisation of the profession has long been a topic for discussion and debate. Many vets want greater commitment to family life and better work-life balance. Carolyne Crowe outlines some new information and online support that's available for all veterinary professionals.
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101110/the-best-age-for-pregnancy-and-undue-pressures
#19
Carlo Bellieni
In western countries we assist at the paradox that fertility is socially discouraged by a mindset that depicts fertility as a resource to exploit as late as possible. So, couples have high expectative about the advantages of delayed parenthood, but they are scarcely informed about its risks. Scientific data suggests to anticipate the first pregnancy, but social pressures impose to wait, though delayed childbearing can provoke sterility and a greater gap between generations. The best age to become parents should be autonomously decided by a couple, under the condition of being a free informed choice and not a social imposition, but currently this is not guaranteed to western women and men...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094117/maternal-weight-after-childbirth-versus-aging-related-weight%C3%A2-changes
#20
Olga Yakusheva, Kandice Kapinos, Marianne Weiss
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy weight gain is believed to contribute to female overweight and obesity. However, most studies do not account for the changes in body weight expected to occur as women age. We examined the long-term weight trajectory of childbearing women relative to weight progression that could be expected in the absence of pregnancy. METHODS: From the hospital records of 32,187 women with two births in Wisconsin during 2006 to 2013, we extracted the maternal weight at pregravid, delivery, and subsequent pregravid...
January 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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