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Md Jahirul Islam, Lisa Broidy, Paul Mazerolle, Kathleen Baird, Nurunnahar Mazumder
Intimate partner violence (IPV) against pregnant or postpartum women is known to have multiple detrimental effects on women and their children. Although results from past research suggest much continuity in trajectories of IPV, it is unclear whether pregnancy interrupts or augments these patterns. Little is known about how physical, sexual, and psychological IPV change and overlap throughout a woman's transition to parenthood. Relying on population-based data, this study examines the prevalence, co-occurring nature, and the changing patterns of physical, sexual, and psychological IPV before, during, and after pregnancy in Bangladesh...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Helena Wigander, Maria Öjmyr-Joelsson, Björn Frenckner, Tomas Wester, Margret Nisell
The purpose of this study was to investigate parenting stress among parents of children with low ARM. STUDY AIMS: 1) Compare parenting stress among parents of children with low ARM, with parents of healthy children using questionnaires. 2) Identify subscales within the questionnaire which needed to be further explored. 3) Use semi-structured interviews with parents of children with low ARM, to explore parenting stress and to explain, expand and or support the quantitative findings. DESIGN AND METHODS: An explanatory sequential mixed methods design was used in this follow up study...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Elixabete Imaz
This article takes an anthropological approach to examine how laws governing family formation in Spain affect same-sex couples seeking to become parents, in particular the cultural causes and implications of such laws. It highlights how the same laws are has a different impact on gay couples and lesbian couples. Legislation combines with other factors to favour and expand the possibilities of accessing motherhood for women in lesbian couples while limiting the possibilities of parenthood for men in gay couples...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
Sarah K C Holtfrerich, Roland Pfister, Alexander T El Gammal, Eugen Bellon, Esther K Diekhof
Nurturing behavior may be critically influenced by the interplay of different hormones. The neuropeptide oxytocin is known to promote maternal behavior and its reduction has been associated with postpartum depression risk and child neglect. Contrariwise, the observed decrease in testosterone level during early parenthood may benefit caretaking behavior, whereas increased testosterone may reduce attention to infants. Here we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the interactive influence of testosterone and oxytocin on selective attention to and neural processing of the baby schema (BS)...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Carolina Antolinez Figueroa, Carlos Julio Saavedra Cantor, Ana Helena Puerto Guerrero, Carol Margeth Calderón Romero
OBJECTIVES: Describe the meaning of parenting as a teenager. METHODS: Study of the qualitative approach with phenomenological approach in the fourth village of San Cristobal (Bogotá, Colombia). The information was obtained by means of semi-structed interviews, participant observation, photos, daily and focal groups field. The information analysis was performed using the phenomenological method of Amadeo Giorgi. RESULTS: The meaning of their parenthood in the adolescents revealed five units of sense: emotional ambivalence, paternity as a process of learning, changes in lifestyle, making a life project and support networks...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
Júlia Maria das Neves Carvalho, Maria Filomena Ribeiro Fonseca Gaspar, Alexandrina Maria Ramos Cardoso
OBJECTIVES: To identify the main difficulties first-time mothers experience in the postpartum period, during the first six months of the baby's life. METHODS: Level I qualitative, exploratory-descriptive study. The sample consisted of 11 first-time mothers of full-term healthy newborns. The data were collected through the "focus group" method. The mothers' discourse was subject to content analysis, categorizing the registry units. RESULTS: Three categories emerged from the data analyzed that indicate the mothers' main difficulties in this period: postpartum recovery; baby care; marital relationship...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
Monica Lidbeck, Susanne Bernhardsson, Tomas Tjus
Objective To explore associations between division of parental leave and perceived parenting stress in mothers and fathers of infants. Background In Sweden, both parents have the same right to parental leave, and fathers use about a quarter of the total 480 benefit days. Little is known about the parents' psychological well-being in terms of stress arising from the parenting role and its association with equal or unequal division of parental leave. Methods 280 parents completed the Swedish Parenthood Stress Questionnaire (SPSQ) at 6 months and 18 months after childbirth...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Miriam Peskin, Ann Rotem, Pavel Golubchik, Abraham Weizman, Iris Manor
OBJECTIVE: This chart review study characterized demographic and clinical indicators of the need for hospitalization in preschoolers with ADHD. METHOD: Medical records of preschoolers with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; DSM-IV-TR) ADHD during 2009-2012 were systematically reviewed. The cohort included 111 children (aged 5.13 ± 0.55 years, 77.47% boys). The demographic and clinical variables of hospitalized at a day-care unit ( n = 30) and nonhospitalized ( n = 81) preschoolers were compared...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
Evangelia Nena, Maria Katsaouni, Paschalis Steiropoulos, Evangelos Theodorou, Theodoros C Constantinidis, Grigorios Tripsianis
Background: Shift work is associated with sleep disruption, impaired quality of life, and is a risk factor for several health conditions. Aim of this study was to investigate the impact of shift work on sleep and quality of life of health-care workers (HCW). Settings: Tertiary University hospital in Greece. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: Included were HCW, working either in an irregular shift system or exclusively in morning shifts...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Alexandrina Maria Ramos Cardoso, Heimar de Fátima Marín
OBJECTIVES: assess mothers' parenting knowledge and skills associated with the parental competence health promotion and monitoring for newborns and infants aged up to six months and determine the key characteristics of mothers who are better prepared for parenting. METHOD: cross-sectional study conducted in three health centers belonging to a Local Health Unit in the Northern Region of Portugal. Data was collected using clinical interviews conducted with pregnant women or mothers with a child aged up to six months...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Heléne Appelgren Engström, Elisabet Häggström-Nordin, Catrin Borneskog, Anna-Lena Almqvist
Objectives The aim of this study was to gain insight into how women in same-sex relationships experience the process of forming a family through the use of assisted reproduction technique (ART), from planning the pregnancy to parenthood, and their experience of parental support from healthcare professionals. Methods The participants were 20 women in a same-sex relationship who had conceived through ART at a Swedish clinic. Semi-structured interviews including open questions about pregnancy, parenthood and support from healthcare professionals were conducted...
May 8, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Riikka Airo Toivanen, Riikka Korja, Terhi Saisto, Hanna Rouhe, Joona Muotka, Katariina Salmela-Aro
The changes in emotions, subjective fear of childbirth, and personal goals were examined during a group intervention to treat fear of childbirth (FOC). The objective was to gain a more detailed understanding of the changes occurring during the group intervention of FOC. The changes in emotions, subjective FOC, and personal goals were studied in primiparous pregnant women with severe FOC participating in a group intervention (n = 105). The group intervention contained six sessions during pregnancy and one after childbirth...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Maureen Perry-Jenkins, Rachel J Herman, Hillary Paul Halpern, Katie Newkirk
The aim of this paper is to examine the meaning of translational research in the work and family field. Specifically, we review findings from a longitudinal study of low-wage workers across the transition to parenthood and examine how this basic discovery research informs the next step in translational research, that of clinical practice. The authors describe three specific sets of findings that hold direct and immediate implications for interventions and policy that could support working families. The paper closes with a discussion of how both translational and transdisciplinary research have the potential to inform evidence-based practice, social policy, and effective social action to decrease physical and mental health disparities among low-income, working families...
October 2017: Family Relations
Jitske Eliveld, Madelon van Wely, Andreas Meißner, Sjoerd Repping, Fulco van der Veen, Ans M M van Pelt
BACKGROUND: Testicular sperm extraction (TESE) is a surgical procedure to retrieve spermatozoa from the testes of men with azoospermia to help them achieve biological parenthood. Although effective, the surgical procedure is not without complications and haematoma, devascularization, inflammation and a decrease in testosterone levels have been described as such. The prevalence and duration of hypogonadism and associated symptoms after TESE have not been studied systematically. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: In this systematic review we addressed the following research questions: Are serum testosterone levels decreased after TESE and, if so, do these levels recover over time? What is the prevalence of symptoms and signs related to hypogonadism after TESE and are they related to testosterone levels? SEARCH METHODS: We searched the databases Pubmed and Embase from 1 January 1993 to 26 June 2017...
May 3, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
Ching-Yu Cheng, Eleanor Lowndes Stevenson, Cheng-Ta Yang, Shwu-Ru Liou
OBJECTIVE: To describe the psychological stress and quality of life experienced by women who underwent fertility treatment in Taiwan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, correlational study. SETTING: Recruitment was conducted and questionnaires administered at a reproductive medicine center in Chiayi City, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: Informed consent to participate was obtained from 126 women who sought fertility treatment at the center...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Paula A Michaels
Film and sound recordings are a ubiquitous part of the antenatal preparation courses that serve as a rite of passage to parenthood in Western Europe and North America. This article analyses a sample of these didactic tools used in classes from the 1950s to the 1980s, the heyday of the natural childbirth movement. These audio-visual artefacts both reflected and conditioned expectations for women's behaviour during labour and birth through their representation of pain. They demonstrate changing norms in the role of the father, but show how physician authority-and male authority more broadly-remained largely unchallenged...
February 2018: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
Darby Saxbe, Geoff W Corner, Mona Khaled, Katelyn Horton, Brian Wu, Hannah Lyden Khoddam
Men appear to gain weight during the transition to parenthood, and fathers are heavier than non-fathers. Paternal perinatal weight gain may set weight trajectories in midlife and have long-term health implications. Since men do not undergo the physical demands of pregnancy and breastfeeding, the specific mechanisms underlying weight gain in new fathers warrant investigation. This review aims to stimulate research on paternal perinatal weight gain by suggesting testable potential mechanisms that 1) show change across the transition to parenthood; and 2) play a role in weight and body composition...
May 1, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Iva Tendais, Bárbara Figueiredo, Catarina Canário, David A Kenny
AimTo examine whether mode of conception and gender are associated with parents' psychological adjustment across the transition to twin parenthood. BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge on the psychological adjustment of couples to twin parenthood during pregnancy and early postpartum, especially for fathers. The available research suggests that first-time mothers of twins conceived by assisted reproduction techniques (ART) may experience lower psychosocial well-being than mothers of spontaneously conceived (SC) twins...
April 30, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Sigita Lesinskiene, Sigita Girdzijauskiene, Grazina Gintiliene, Dovile Butkiene, Dainius Puras, Robert Goodman, Einar Heiervang
BACKGROUND: From the public health perspective, epidemiological data of child mental health and psychosocial correlates were necessary and very lacking in Lithuanian society that has been undergoing rapid socio-economic change since the past decades. Together with determining the prevalence rates of disorders and assessing the needs for the services, this study has also shifted attention from the highly selective samples of children attending children and adolescent mental health services towards less severe cases of psychopathology as well as different attitudes of parents and teachers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
Alexander C Jensen, Shawn D Whiteman, Karen L Fingerman
Extant research documents how siblings' relationships develop from childhood through adolescence; yet, we know little about how sibling relationships change in young adulthood. Rooted in life course theory, this 2-wave longitudinal study investigated changes in sibling closeness and conflict, and the roles of life transitions and sibling similarity in life stage. Participants included 273 young adults from 180 families who reported on 340 sibling relationships (Time 1 M age = 24.45, SD = 5.33; Time 2 M age = 30...
April 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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