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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506136/spatial-analysis-of-seasonal-dynamics-and-overwintering-of-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae-in-the-okanagan-columbia-basin-2010-2014
#1
Howard M A Thistlewood, Paramjit Gill, Elizabeth H Beers, Peter W Shearer, Doug B Walsh, Brigitte M Rozema, Susanna Acheampong, Steve Castagnoli, Wee L Yee, Peter Smytheman, Alix B Whitener
Spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), was monitored from 2010 to 2014 in 314-828 sites located in interior fruit-growing regions of OR and WA, United States, and BC, Canada, using traps baited with apple cider vinegar or sugar-water-yeast. Seasonal population dynamics and sex ratios were summarized for berry, cherry, stone fruit, grape, non-crop host plants, non-host sites, and for conventional IPM, certified organic, backyard, and feral sites, by region and year...
April 5, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393529/surreptitious-apple-cider-vinegar-treatment-of-a-melanocytic-nevus-newly-described-histologic-features
#2
Hovik Ashchyan, Melinda Jen, Rosalie Elenitsas, Adam I Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379012/antimicrobial-activity-of-apple-cider-vinegar-against-escherichia-coli-staphylococcus-aureus-and-candida-albicans-downregulating-cytokine-and-microbial-protein-expression
#3
Darshna Yagnik, Vlad Serafin, Ajit J Shah
The global escalation in antibiotic resistance cases means alternative antimicrobials are essential. The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial capacity of apple cider vinegar (ACV) against E. coli, S. aureus and C. albicans. The minimum dilution of ACV required for growth inhibition varied for each microbial species. For C. albicans, a 1/2 ACV had the strongest effect, S. aureus, a 1/25 dilution ACV was required, whereas for E-coli cultures, a 1/50 ACV dilution was required (p < 0.05)...
January 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365137/comparison-of-commercial-lures-and-food-baits-for-early-detection-of-fruit-infestation-risk-by-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae
#4
Dong H Cha, Stephen P Hesler, Anna K Wallingford, Faruque Zaman, Peter Jentsch, Jan Nyrop, Gregory M Loeb
Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura; Diptera: Drosophilidae) is one of the most serious invasive pests of berries and cherries worldwide. Several adult monitoring systems are available to time foliar application of insecticides with the expectation of detecting the presence of D. suzukii before they infest susceptible crops. We tested this by comparing four different trapping systems based on two homemade baits, apple cider vinegar (ACV) or fermenting dough, and two fermentation volatile-based commercial lures, Scentry and Trécé...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224370/authenticating-apple-cider-vinegar-s-home-remedy-claims-antibacterial-antifungal-antiviral-properties-and-cytotoxicity-aspect
#5
Judy Gopal, Vimala Anthonydhason, Manikandan Muthu, Enkhtaivan Gansukh, Somang Jung, Sechul Chul, Sivanesan Iyyakkannu
These are the days when one would go online first seeking home remedies before seeing a doctor. Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is one such popular yet scientifically under-validated remedy. Our results prove the unequivocal antimicrobial activity of ACV to be true at full strength concentrations. However, the activity cannot be generalised because although strong antibacterial activity was observed at 25% concentrations, in terms of antifungal activity, yeasts, especially Candida were found to be less susceptible...
December 11, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149190/improved-capture-of-drosophila-suzukii-by-a-trap-baited-with-two-attractants-in-the-same-device
#6
Rodrigo Lasa, Eduardo Tadeo, Ricardo A Toledo-Hérnandez, Lino Carmona, Itzel Lima, Trevor Williams
The improvement of trap-lure combinations is an important part of integrated pest management programs that involve monitoring pests for timely insecticide applications, or for their use in control strategies such as mass trapping or bait stations. In this study improvements in the capture of Drosophila suzukii were not observed following the inclusion of different color stimuli with respect to a red-black stripe cup trap. This red-black stripe trap with a hemispherical dome-shaped lid had a significantly improved physical retention of flies compared to traps fitted with a flat lid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112940/vaginal-candidiasis-infection-treated-using-apple-cider-vinegar-a-case-report
#7
Betul Ozen, Muruvvet Baser
A 32-y-old married woman was admitted with intense vaginal discharge with foul odor, itching, groin pain, and infertility for the past 5 y. Candida albicans was isolated from the culture of vaginal swab. The patient was diagnosed with chronic vaginal candida infection. She failed to respond to integrative medicine methods prescribed. Recovery was achieved with the application of apple cider vinegar. Alternative treatment methods can be employed in patients unresponsive to medical therapies. As being one of these methods, application of apple cider vinegar can cure vaginal candida infection...
November 7, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091513/apple-cider-vinegar-attenuates-oxidative-stress-and-reduces-the-risk-of-obesity-in-high-fat-fed-male-wistar-rats
#8
Ben Hmad Halima, Gara Sonia, Khlifi Sarra, Ben Jemaa Houda, Ben Slama Fethi, Aouidet Abdallah
Metabolic syndrome is a serious consequence of obesity characterized by increased cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glucose intolerance. While diets enriched with natural antioxidants showed beneficial effects on oxidative stress, blood pressure, and serum lipid composition, diet supplementation with synthetic antioxidants showed contradictive results. Thus, we tested, in this study, whether a daily dosage of Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) would affect cardiovascular risk factor associated with obesity in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hyperlipidemic Wistar rats...
January 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602743/apple-cider-vinegar-boosted-immunomodulatory-and-health-promoting-effects-of-lactobacillus-casei-in-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio
#9
Roghieh Safari, Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar, Shabnam Nejadmoghadam, Mohsen Khalili
The present study was performed to investigate the immunomodulatory and health promoting effects of combined or singular administration of apple cider vinegar (ACV) and Lactobacillus casei in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) diet. An 8-week feeding trial was designed with following treatments: Control (basal diet), Pro (contains 107  CFU g-1 L. casei), LACV (contains 1% ACV), HACV (contains 2% ACV), Pro + LACV (contains 107  CFU g-1 L. casei plus 1% ACV) and Pro + HACV (contains 107  CFU g-1 L. casei plus 2% ACV)...
August 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576362/effect-of-different-marinating-conditions-on-the-evolution-of-spoilage-microbiota-and-metabolomic-profile-of-chicken-breast-fillets
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Anastasia E Lytou, Efstathios Z Panagou, George-John E Nychas
Five different marinades were prepared containing lemon juice, apple cider vinegar, pomegranate juice and combinations of them. Three different temperatures (4, 10, and 20 °C) and five marinating time intervals (1, 3, 6, and 9 h) were tested. Microbial, physicochemical as well as sensory analyses were performed to assess marination. Noticeable microbial reductions and satisfactory sensory results were observed only in samples treated for short time (1 and 3 h). The marinade in which pomegranate and lemon juices were combined caused a decrease in microbial counts and led to desirable sensory attributes...
September 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444365/evaluation-of-attractants-for-monitoring-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae
#11
Andrew J Frewin, Justin Renkema, Hannah Fraser, Rebecca H Hallett
Drosophila suzukii Matsumura is an economically important pest of soft and small fruit crops. Unlike other drosophilid flies, D. suzukii is capable of infesting ripe and partially ripe fruit, which poses a significant pest management challenge, as there is no tolerance for infested or damaged fruit in the marketplace. As a result, producers in many regions rely on calendar-scheduled insecticide applications for D. suzukii management. In order to develop an integrated pest management approach, better tools for monitoring adult fly populations are needed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904401/comparison-of-cultivable-acetic-acid-bacterial-microbiota-in-organic-and-conventional-apple-cider-vinegar
#12
Aleksandra Štornik, Barbara Skok, Janja Trček
Organic apple cider vinegar is produced from apples that go through very restricted treatment in orchard. During the first stage of the process, the sugars from apples are fermented by yeasts to cider. The produced ethanol is used as a substrate by acetic acid bacteria in a second separated bioprocess. In both, the organic and conventional apple cider vinegars the ethanol oxidation to acetic acid is initiated by native microbiota that survived alcohol fermentation. We compared the cultivable acetic acid bacterial microbiota in the production of organic and conventional apple cider vinegars from a smoothly running oxidation cycle of a submerged industrial process...
March 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591976/polyamines-in-brown-rice-vinegar-function-as-potent-attractants-for-the-spotted-wing-drosophila
#13
Naoki Akasaka, Haruka Higashikubo, Yuri Ishii, Hisao Sakoda, Shinsuke Fujiwara
Vinegar produced by acetic acid bacteria is used as an attractant for fruit flies. Apple cider vinegar (ACV) and brown rice vinegar (BRV) are used as lures to detect Drosophila suzukii (also known as the spotted wing drosophila [SWD], a newly emerging invasive pest of soft-skinned fruits) and to capture Drosophila melanogaster, respectively. In the present study, we evaluated the attractiveness of BRV and ACV to SWD in laboratory trapping experiments using an upturned microcentrifuge tube with a pipette tip as a trap...
January 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209492/-anti-obesogenic-effect-of-apple-cider-vinegar-in-rats-subjected-to-a-high-fat-diet
#14
H Bouderbala, H Kaddouri, O Kheroua, D Saidi
AIM OF THE STUDY: The search of new anti-obesogenic treatments based on medicinal plants without or with minimal side effects is a challenge. In this context, the present study was conducted to evaluate the anti-obesogenic effect of apple cider vinegar (ACV) in Wistar rats subjected to a high fat diet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen male Wistar rats (140±5g) were divided into 3 three equal groups. A witness group submitted to standard laboratory diet and two groups subjected to a high fat diet (cafeteria diet); one receives a daily gavage of apple cider vinegar (7mL/kg/d) for 30 days...
June 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897250/diversity-of-the-microbiota-involved-in-wine-and-organic-apple-cider-submerged-vinegar-production-as-revealed-by-dhplc-analysis-and-next-generation-sequencing
#15
Janja Trček, Aleksander Mahnič, Maja Rupnik
Unfiltered vinegar samples collected from three oxidation cycles of the submerged industrial production of each, red wine and organic apple cider vinegars, were sampled in a Slovene vinegar producing company. The samples were systematically collected from the beginning to the end of an oxidation cycle and used for culture-independent microbial analyses carried out by denaturing high pressure liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and Illumina MiSeq sequencing of 16S rRNA gene variable regions. Both approaches showed a very homogeneous bacterial structure during wine vinegar production but more heterogeneous during organic apple cider vinegar production...
April 16, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877311/p2-11-anti-obesogenic-effects-of-apple-cider-vinegar-in-rats-subjected-to-a-high-fat-diet
#16
H Bouderbala, H Kaddouri, M Maharrar, O Kheroua, D Saidi
OBJECTIFS: Au cours des dernières décennies, l'incidence de l'obésité a dramatiquement augmenté au point de devenir une préoccupation majeure de santé publique. Selon les recommandations de l'OMS, la recherche de nouveaux traitements anti-obésogènes à base de plantes médicinales dépourvues, ou ayant des effets secondaires minimes est un défi. Dans cette optique, la présente étude a été menée pour évaluer l'effet anti-obésogène du vinaigre de cidre de pomme (VCP) chez le rat Wistar soumis à un régime hyperlipidique...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313977/multistate-comparison-of-attractants-for-monitoring-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae-in-blueberries-and-caneberries
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hannah J Burrack, Mark Asplen, Luz Bahder, Judith Collins, Francis A Drummond, Christelle Guédot, Rufus Isaacs, Donn Johnson, Anna Blanton, Jana C Lee, Gregory Loeb, Cesar Rodriguez-Saona, Steven van Timmeren, Douglas Walsh, Douglas R McPhie
Drosophila suzukii Matsumara, also referred to as the spotted wing drosophila, has recently expanded its global range with significant consequences for its primary host crops: blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, cherries, and strawberries. D. suzukii populations can increase quickly, and their infestation is difficult to predict and prevent. The development of effective tools to detect D. suzukii presence in new areas, to time the beginning of activity within a crop, to track seasonal activity patterns, and to gauge the effectiveness of management efforts has been a key research goal...
June 2015: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26155328/chemical-burn-from-vinegar-following-an-internet-based-protocol-for-self-removal-of-nevi
#18
Stephanie Feldstein, Maryam Afshar, Andrew C Krakowski
"Natural home remedies" for nevi removal found on the Internet can be ineffective, or worse, dangerous. Children and teens, in particular, may be more likely to attempt self-treatment in order to avoid discussing their concerns with their parents. Here, the authors report a case of an adolescent who presented with a chemical burn after following an Internet-based protocol for nevi removal using apple cider vinegar.
June 2015: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25434039/first-report-of-zaprionus-indianus-diptera-drosophilidae-in-commercial-fruits-and-vegetables-in-pennsylvania
#19
Neelendra K Joshi, David J Biddinger, Kathleen Demchak, Alan Deppen
Zaprionus indianus (Gupta) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), an invasive vinegar fly, was found for the first time in Adams County, Pennsylvania, in 2011. It was found in a commercial tart cherry orchard using apple cider vinegar (ACV) traps that were monitoring another invasive vinegar fly, the spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Coincidentally, the first record of D. suzukii found in Pennsylvania was also found in this same cherry orchard only 3 months earlier as part of a spotted wing drosophila survey effort in raspberry, blackberry, grape, and tart cherry in Adams County...
2014: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25219289/antifungal-activity-of-apple-cider-vinegar-on-candida-species-involved-in-denture-stomatitis
#20
Ana Carolina Loureiro Gama Mota, Ricardo Dias de Castro, Julyana de Araújo Oliveira, Edeltrudes de Oliveira Lima
PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vitro antifungal activity of apple cider vinegar on Candida spp. involved in denture stomatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The microdilution technique was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) of apple cider vinegar containing 4% maleic acid, and nystatin (control). Further tests of microbial kinetics and inhibition of adherence to acrylic resin were performed testing different concentrations (MIC, MICx2, MICx4) of the products at time intervals of 0, 30, 60, 120 and 180 minutes...
June 2015: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
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