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Stem cell mobilization

Mariusz Z Ratajczak, Daniel Pedziwiatr, Monika Cymer, Magda Kucia, Jolanta Kucharska-Mazur, Jerzy Samochowiec
Evidence has accumulated that the occurrence of psychiatric disorders is related to chronic inflammation. In support of this linkage, changes in the levels of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in the peripheral blood (PB) of psychiatric patients as well as correlations between chronic inflammatory processes and psychiatric disorders have been described. Furthermore, an inflammatory process known as "sterile inflammation" when initiated directly in brain tissue may trigger the onset of psychoses...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Xin Xue, Xingxing Chen, Weili Fan, Guan Wang, Liang Zhang, Zongfeng Chen, Peng Liu, Mingyong Liu, Jianhua Zhao
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) facilitates neural stem cells (NSCs) proliferation and differentiation into neuronal linage. However, the effect of HMGB1 on NSCs migration is still elusive. The present study is to investigate the corelation between HMGB1 and NSCs migration and the potential mechanism. The results indicated that 1 ng/ml HMGB1 promoted NSCs proliferation using CCK8 assays. Moreover, data showed that 1 ng/ml HMGB1 facilitated NSCs migration via filopodia formation using phase-contrast and transwell assays...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sveva Grande, Alessandra Palma, Lucia Ricci-Vitiani, Anna Maria Luciani, Mariachiara Buccarelli, Mauro Biffoni, Agnese Molinari, Annarica Calcabrini, Emanuela D'Amore, Laura Guidoni, Roberto Pallini, Vincenza Viti, Antonella Rosi
Clustering of patient-derived glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) through unsupervised analysis of metabolites detected by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) evidenced three subgroups, namely clusters 1a and 1b, with high intergroup similarity and neural fingerprints, and cluster 2, with a metabolism typical of commercial tumor lines. In addition, subclones generated by the same GSC line showed different metabolic phenotypes. Aerobic glycolysis prevailed in cluster 2 cells as demonstrated by higher lactate production compared to cluster 1 cells...
2018: Stem Cells International
Antonella Cotoia, Lucia Mirabella, Sabrina Altamura, Rachele Villani, Flavia Marchese, Giuseppe Ferrara, Karim Mariano, Tullo Livio, Gilda Cinnella
BACKGROUND: Sepsis caused by complicated intra-abdominal infection is associated with high mortality. Loss of endothelial barrier integrity, inflammation, and impaired cellular oxygen have been shown to be primary contributors to sepsis. To date, little is known regarding the pathway for the mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from the bone marrow in sepsis whereas stromal-cell-derived factor 1a (SDF-1a) and hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) seem to have a role in the EPC response to hypoxic microenvironments...
March 12, 2018: Trials
Fang He, Peng-Fei Luo, Tao Tang, Fang Zhang, He Fang, Shi-Zhao Ji, Yu Sun, Guo-Sheng Wu, Bo-Han Pan, Zhi-Bao Huo, Guang-Yi Wang, Zhao-Fan Xia
Rapid repair of vascular injury is an important prognostic factor for electrical burns. This repair is achieved mainly via stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1α promoting the mobilization, chemotaxis, homing, and targeted differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into endothelial cells. Forming a concentration gradient from the site of local damage in the circulation is essential to the role of SDF-1α. In a previous study, we developed reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive PPADT nanoparticles containing SDF-1α that could degrade in response to high concentration of ROS in tissue lesions, achieving the goal of targeted SDF-1α release...
2018: PloS One
Emilie Coppin, Jonathan Florentin, Sathish Babu Vasamsetti, Anagha Arunkumar, John Sembrat, Mauricio Rojas, Dutta Partha
Splenic hematopoiesis is crucial to the pathogenesis of diseases including myocardial infarction and atherosclerosis. The spleen acts as a reservoir of myeloid cells, which are quickly expelled out in response to acute inflammation. In contrast to the well-defined bone marrow hematopoiesis, the cellular and molecular components sustaining splenic hematopoiesis are poorly understood. Surprisingly, we found that, unlike quiescent bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), most of splenic HSC are in the G1 phase in C57BL/6 mice...
March 11, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
Yuji Kohno, Mitsuru Mizuno, Nobutake Ozeki, Hisako Katano, Koji Otabe, Hideyuki Koga, Mikio Matsumoto, Haruka Kaneko, Yuji Takazawa, Ichiro Sekiya
BACKGROUND: Mobilization of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from the synovium was revealed using a "suspended synovium culture model" of osteoarthritis (OA). The pathology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) differs from that of OA. We investigated whether mobilization of MSCs from the synovium also occurred in RA, and we compared the properties of synovial MSCs collected from suspended synovium culture models of RA and OA. METHODS: Human synovium was harvested during total knee arthroplasty from the knee joints of patients with RA (n = 8) and OA (n = 6)...
March 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Naohiro Uezono, Yicheng Zhu, Yusuke Fujimoto, Tetsuro Yasui, Taito Matsuda, Masahide Nakajo, Masahiko Abematsu, Takao Setoguchi, Shuji Mori, Hideo K Takahashi, Setsuro Komiya, Masahiro Nishibori, Kinichi Nakashima
Together with residual host neurons, transplanted neural stem cell (NSC)-derived neurons play a critical role in reconstructing disrupted neural circuits after spinal cord injury (SCI). Since a large number of tracts are disrupted and the majority of host neurons die around the lesion site as the damage spreads, minimizing this spreading and preserving the lesion site are important for attaining further improvements in reconstruction. High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) is a damage-associated molecular pattern protein that triggers sterile inflammation after tissue injury...
March 8, 2018: Stem Cells
Daniela Ponce-Balbuena, Guadalupe Guerrero-Serna, Carmen R Valdivia, Ricardo Caballero, F J Díez-Guerra, Eric N Jiménez-Vázquez, Rafael J Ramirez, Andre Monteiro da Rocha, Todd J Herron, Katherine F Campbell, B C Willis, Francisco J Alvarado, Manuel Zarzoso, Kuljeet Kaur, Marta Pérez-Hernández, Marcos Matamoros, Héctor H Valdivia, Eva Delpón, José Jalife
<u>Rationale:</u> In cardiomyocytes, NaV 1.5 and Kir2.1 channels interact dynamically as part of membrane bound macromolecular complexes. <u>Objective:</u> To test whether NaV 1.5 and Kir2.1 preassemble during early forward trafficking and travel together to common membrane microdomains. <u>Methods and Results:</u> In patch-clamp experiments, co-expression of trafficking deficient mutants Kir2.1Δ314-315 or Kir2.1R44A/R46A with wildtype (WT) NaV 1.5WT in heterologous cells reduced INa , compared to NaV 1...
March 7, 2018: Circulation Research
Hila Rosenfeld-Keidar, Rinat Eshel, Aviva Pinhasov, Menachem Bitan, Sabina Edelman, Marcela Broitman, Rina Dvir, Efraim Sadot, Dror Levin, Michal Manisterski, Sivan Berger-Achituv, Ronit Elhasid
Numerous adults' studies demonstrated that preaphaeresis CD34+ cells significantly correlate with the number of CD34+ cells collected by the aphaeresis procedure. Equivalent studies in children are scarce. We studied retrospectively 92 aphaeresis procedures performed following chemotherapy (44) or in steady state (48) in 60 pediatric patients (40 males, 20 females), median age of 7.5 years. Aphaeresis procedures were performed using a SPECTRA Optica (TERUMOBCT) continuous flow cell separator. CD34+ cell concentrations were assessed using flow cytometry...
March 2, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
T Ouchi, S Morikawa, S Shibata, M Takahashi, M Yoshikawa, T Soma, H Miyashita, W Muraoka, K Kameyama, H Kawana, Y Arima, H Saya, H Okano, T Nakagawa, S Asoda
This study investigated a case of spindle cell carcinoma (SpCC) in tongue pathological lesions. The patient experienced a local recurrence and distant metastasis after surgical intervention. Although standard chemotherapy was administered, a granulomatous mass continued to develop. This aggressive growth led to survival of the tumor. Secondary debulking surgery was performed to improve the patient's quality of life at the request of the patient. Using a tissue sample derived from the secondary debulking surgery, we performed an analysis of the tumor's cell surface antigens, differentiation potential, metastatic ability, and inhibition potential by anticancer reagents...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Zvonimir Marelja, Silke Leimkühler, Fanis Missirlis
Iron sulfur (Fe-S) clusters and the molybdenum cofactor (Moco) are present at enzyme sites, where the active metal facilitates electron transfer. Such enzyme systems are soluble in the mitochondrial matrix, cytosol and nucleus, or embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane, but virtually absent from the cell secretory pathway. They are of ancient evolutionary origin supporting respiration, DNA replication, transcription, translation, the biosynthesis of steroids, heme, catabolism of purines, hydroxylation of xenobiotics, and cellular sulfur metabolism...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Chao Wang, Hongsen Du, Jiqiu Hou, Shasha Yan, Jingjing Yang, Yun Wang, Xiujing Zhang, Lili Zhu, Haibin Zhao
Ischemic myocardium initiates the mobilization and homing of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) to promote myocardial regeneration after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Inflammation caused by necrotic cardiomyocytes induce major pathological changes (cardiac remodeling and myocardial apoptosis) as well as anxiety disorder. This process may be inhibited by the differentiation and paracrine effects of BM-MSCs. However, the spontaneous mobilization of BMSCs is insufficient to prevent this effect. Given the anti-inflammatory effects of BM-MSCs, ventricular remodeling and anxiety following AMI, methods focused on enhancing BMSCs mobilization are promising...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hyun-Jai Cho, Jin-Woo Lee, Hyun-Ju Cho, Choon-Soo Lee, Hyo-Soo Kim
The nature of calcifying progenitor cells remains elusive. In this study, we investigated the developmental hierarchy and dynamics of progenitor cells. In vitro and in vivo reconstitution assays demonstrated that Sca-1+/PDGFRα- cells in the bone marrow (BM) are the ancestors of Sca-1+/PDGFRα+ cells. Cells of CD29+Sca-1+/PDGFRα- lineage in the BM showed both hematopoietic potential with osteoclastic differentiation ability as well as mesenchymal stem cell-like properties with osteoblastic differentiation potential...
February 27, 2018: Stem Cells
Laura Notario, Elisenda Alari-Pahissa, Almudena Albentosa, Magdalena Leiva, Guadalupe Sabio, Pilar Lauzurica
CD69 regulates lymphocyte egress from the thymus and lymph nodes through cis-interactions and the downregulation of surface sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor-1 (S1P1). However, its role in the regulation of cell egress from bone marrow has not been extensively studied. We show here that CD69 targeting induced rapid and massive mobilization of BM leukocytes, which was inhibited by desensitization to S1P with FTY720. This mobilization was reproduced with anti-human CD69 mAb treatment of mice expressing human CD69...
February 27, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Rujun Zhai, Yongchun Wang, Le Qi, George Melville Williams, Bin Gao, Guang Song, James F Burdick, Zhaoli Sun
Rapid regeneration of the remnant liver is critical for preventing liver failure and promoting recovery after extensive liver resection. Numerous studies have demonstrated the involvement of bone marrow-derived stem cells in liver regeneration and the potential benefits of bone marrow stem cell therapy. To avoid the preparation of stem cells, we proposed in this study to mobilize endogenous bone marrow stem cells pharmacologically with a combination of AMD3100 (A), an antagonist of CXCR4 and low-dose FK506 (F)...
February 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jad Chahoud, Dawen Sui, William D Erwin, Alison M Gulbis, Martin Korbling, Mingzhi Zhang, Sairah Ahmed, Gheath Alatrash, Paolo Anderlini, Stefan O Ciurea, Betul Oran, Luis Fayad, Roland L Bassett, Elias Jabbour, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Homer A Macapinlac, Ken H Young, Issa F Khouri
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effect on long-term survival of adding rituximab (R) to BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan) conditioning with or without yttrium-90 ibritumomab tiuxetan (90YIT) in patients with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) undergoing autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients were enrolled on three consecutive phase 2 clinical trials. Patients received two doses of rituximab (375 mg/m2 and 1000 mg/m2) during mobilization of stem cells, followed by 1000 mg/m2 on days +1 and +8 after ASCT with R-BEAM or 90YIT-R-BEAM (90YIT dose of 0...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Hong Yan, Zhao Xiangyu, Yu Xingxing, Bian Zhilei, Chang Yingjun, Yu Wang, Zhang Xiaohui, Xu Lanping, Huang Xiaojun, Zhao Xiaosu
INTRODUCTION: Invariant natural killer T cells (iNKTs) are a rare but vital subset of immunomodulatory T cells and play an important role in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell trans-plantation (HSCT). The association of donor characteristics with the number and frequency of the iNKTs subsets in allografts remains poorly understood. In this paper, we prospectively investigate the association of donor characteristics with iNKTs dose and frequency in granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilized marrow and peripheral blood harvests...
February 20, 2018: Transplant Immunology
Rubén Rizo, Rosa Arán-Ais, Elliot Padgett, David Muller, María Jesús Lázaro, Jose Solla-Gullon, Juan M Feliu, Elena Pastor, Héctor D Abruña
Direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFC) are one of the most promising electrochemical energy conversion devices for portable, mobile and stationary power applications. However, more efficient and stable and less expensive electrocatalysts are still required. Interestingly, the electrochemical performance of the electrocatalysts towards the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) can be remarkably enhanced by exploiting the benefits of structural and compositional sensitivity and control. Here we describe the synthesis, characterization and electrochemical behavior of cubic Pt-Sn nanoparticles...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Chantal Lagresle-Peyrou, François Lefrère, Elisa Magrin, Jean-Antoine Ribeil, Oriana Romano, Leslie Weber, Alessandra Magnani, Hanem Sadek, Clémence Plantier, Aurélie Gabrion, Brigitte Ternaux, Tristan Félix, Chloé Couzin, Aurélie Stanislas, Jean-Marc Tréluyer, Lionel Lamhaut, Laure Joseph, Marianne Delville, Annarita Miccio, Isabelle André-Schmutz, Marina Cavazzana
Sickle cell disease is characterized by chronic anaemia and vaso-occlusive crises, which eventually lead to multi-organ damage and premature death. Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only curative treatment but it is limited by toxicity and poor availability of HLA-compatible donors. A gene therapy approach based on the autologous transplantation of lentiviral-corrected haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells was shown to be efficacious in one patient. However, alterations of the bone marrow environment and the red blood cells' properties hamper the harvesting and immunoselection of patient stem cells from bone marrow...
February 22, 2018: Haematologica
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