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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640724/enteral-feeding-for-nutritional-support-in-critically-ill-patients
#1
Omorogieva Ojo
Omorogieva Ojo, Senior Lecturer in Primary Care at the University of Greenwich, O.Ojo@greenwich.ac.uk , highlights key recommendations on enteral nutrition for patients in critical care.
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634247/clinicians-perceptions-of-screening-for-food-insecurity-in-suburban-pediatric-practice
#2
Deepak Palakshappa, Aditi Vasan, Saba Khan, Leah Seifu, Chris Feudtner, Alexander G Fiks
BACKGROUND: National organizations recommend pediatricians screen for food insecurity (FI). Although there has been growing research in urban practices, little research has addressed FI screening in suburban practices. We evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of screening in suburban practices. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods study that implemented FI screening in 6 suburban pediatric primary care practices. We included all children presenting for either a 2-, 15-, or 36-month well-child visit (N = 5645)...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632867/effect-of-an-internet-based-program-on-weight-loss-for-low-income-postpartum-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Suzanne Phelan, Todd Hagobian, Anna Brannen, Karen E Hatley, Andrew Schaffner, Karen Muñoz-Christian, Deborah F Tate
Importance: Postpartum weight retention increases lifetime risk of obesity and related morbidity. Few effective interventions exist for multicultural, low-income women. Objective: To test whether an internet-based weight loss program in addition to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC program) for low-income postpartum women could produce greater weight loss than the WIC program alone over 12 months. Design, Setting, and Participants: A 12-month, cluster randomized, assessor-blind, clinical trial enrolling 371 adult postpartum women at 12 clinics in WIC programs from the California central coast between July 2011 and May 2015 with data collection completed in May 2016...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631933/a-salt-reduction-smartphone-app-supports-lower-salt-food-purchases-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-findings-from-the-saltswitch-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Helen Eyles, Rebecca McLean, Bruce Neal, Yannan Jiang, Robert N Doughty, Rachael McLean, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
Background SaltSwitch is an innovative smartphone application (app) that enables shoppers to scan the barcode of a packaged food and receive an immediate, interpretive, traffic light nutrition label on the screen, along with suggestions for lower salt alternatives. Our aim was to determine the effectiveness of SaltSwitch to support people with cardiovascular disease to make lower salt food choices. Design Six-week, two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled trial in Auckland, New Zealand (2 weeks baseline and 4 weeks intervention)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629471/improving-child-nutrition-and-development-through-community-based-childcare-centres-in-malawi-the-neep-ie-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Aulo Gelli, Amy Margolies, Marco Santacroce, Katie Sproule, Sophie Theis, Natalie Roschnik, Aisha Twalibu, George Chidalengwa, Amrik Cooper, Tyler Moorhead, Melissa Gladstone, Patricia Kariger, Mangani Kutundu
BACKGROUND: The Nutrition Embedded Evaluation Programme Impact Evaluation (NEEP-IE) study is a cluster randomised controlled trial designed to evaluate the impact of a childcare centre-based integrated nutritional and agricultural intervention on the diets, nutrition and development of young children in Malawi. The intervention includes activities to improve nutritious food production and training/behaviour-change communication to improve food intake, care and hygiene practices. This paper presents the rationale and study design for this randomised control trial...
June 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629468/improving-detection-and-initial-management-of-gestational-diabetes-through-the-primary-level-of-care-in-morocco-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Bettina Utz, Bouchra Assarag, Amina Essolbi, Amina Barkat, Nawal El Ansari, Bouchra Fakhir, Alexandre Delamou, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: Morocco is facing a growing prevalence of diabetes and according to latest figures of the World Health Organization, already 12.4% of the population are affected. A similar prevalence has been reported for gestational diabetes (GDM) and although it is not yet high on the national agenda, immediate and long-term complications threaten the health of mothers and future generations. A situational analysis on GDM conducted in 2015 revealed difficulties in access to screening and delays in receiving appropriate care...
June 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625040/vitamin-d-status-in-under-five-children-with-a-history-of-close-tuberculosis-contact-in-padang-west-sumatra
#7
Finny Fitry Yani, Nur Indrawaty Lipoeto, Bambang Supriyatno, Eryati Darwin, Darfioes Basir
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Serum vitamin D influences cellular immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, particularly in under-five children. Vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency as well as tuberculosis (TB) are highly prevalent in Indonesia. This study described the association of serum vitamin D in the incidence of latent TB in under-five children with a history of close TB contact. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study examined 178 under-five children with a history of close TB contact, with 98 index cases from primary health care facilities in Padang...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624578/temporary-removal-accuracy-of-tests-for-antibodies-against-tissue-transglutaminase-in-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease-without-biopsy
#8
K J Werkstetter, I R Korponay-Szabó, A Popp, V Villanacci, M Salemme, G Heilig, S T Lillevang, M L Mearin, C Ribes-Koninckx, A Thomas, R Troncone, B Filipiak, M Mäki, J Gyimesi, M Najafi, J Dolinšek, S Dydensborg Sander, R Auricchio, A Papadopoulou, A Vécsei, P Szitanyi, E Donat, R Nenna, Ph Alliet, F Penagini, H Garnier-Lengliné, G Castillejo, K Kurppa, R Shamir, A C Hauer, F Smets, S Corujeira, M van Winckel, S Buderus, S Chong, S Husby, S Koletzko
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
June 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619025/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-clinician-in-addressing-the-chronic-disease-risk-behaviours-of-community-mental-health-clients-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Caitlin Fehily, Kate Bartlem, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Richard Clancy, David Castle, Sonia Wutzke, Chris Rissel, Andrew Wilson, Paul McCombie, Fionna Murphy, Jenny Bowman
BACKGROUND: People with a mental illness experience a greater morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases relative to the general population. A higher prevalence of modifiable health risk behaviours such as smoking, poor nutrition, physical inactivity and harmful alcohol consumption contribute substantially to this disparity. Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending that mental health services routinely provide care to address these risk behaviours, the provision of such care is consistently reported to be low internationally and in Australia...
June 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614627/a-randomized-phase-ii-feasibility-trial-of-a-multimodal-intervention-for-the-management-of-cachexia-in-lung-and-pancreatic-cancer
#10
Tora S Solheim, Barry J A Laird, Trude Rakel Balstad, Guro B Stene, Asta Bye, Neil Johns, Caroline H Pettersen, Marie Fallon, Peter Fayers, Kenneth Fearon, Stein Kaasa
BACKGROUND: Cancer cachexia is a syndrome of weight loss (including muscle and fat), anorexia, and decreased physical function. It has been suggested that the optimal treatment for cachexia should be a multimodal intervention. The primary aim of this study was to examine the feasibility and safety of a multimodal intervention (n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid nutritional supplements, exercise, and anti-inflammatory medication: celecoxib) for cancer cachexia in patients with incurable lung or pancreatic cancer, undergoing chemotherapy...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612201/supportive-care-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#11
REVIEW
B Laquente, A Calsina-Berna, A Carmona-Bayonas, P Jiménez-Fonseca, I Peiró, A Carrato
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the cancers with poorest prognosis and represents the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in Western countries. Despite advances in diagnostic procedures and treatment, diagnosis is made in most cases when the disease is locally advanced or metastatic. Supportive care aims to improve symptoms, reduce hospital admission rates, and preserve quality of life. Proper symptomatic management is critical to allow administration of chemotherapy and radiotherapy...
June 13, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612158/long-term-follow-up-of-the-potential-benefits-of-early-nutritional-intervention-in-adults-with-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-a-pilot-randomised-trial
#12
Kate Furness, Mary Anne Silvers, June Savva, Catherine E Huggins, Helen Truby, Terry Haines
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the long-term survival of all patients who participated in a pilot randomised trial of an early nutritional intervention for adults with upper gastrointestinal cancer. It also sought to identify factors that predicted patient mortality. METHODS: All participants (n = 21) who were randomised into the original study were followed for a maximum of 5 years and 2 months (final follow-up April 2016). The primary outcome measure was time from date of recruitment until date of death, ascertained by the Victorian Cancer Registry and/or Monash Health Scanned Medical Records...
June 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609534/effect-of-low-dose-ferrous-sulfate-vs-iron-polysaccharide-complex-on-hemoglobin-concentration-in-young-children-with-nutritional-iron-deficiency-anemia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Jacquelyn M Powers, George R Buchanan, Leah Adix, Song Zhang, Ang Gao, Timothy L McCavit
Importance: Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) affects millions of persons worldwide, and is associated with impaired neurodevelopment in infants and children. Ferrous sulfate is the most commonly prescribed oral iron despite iron polysaccharide complex possibly being better tolerated. Objective: To compare the effect of ferrous sulfate with iron polysaccharide complex on hemoglobin concentration in infants and children with nutritional IDA. Design, Setting, and Participants: Double-blind, superiority randomized clinical trial of infants and children aged 9 to 48 months with nutritional IDA (assessed by history and laboratory criteria) that was conducted in an outpatient hematology clinic at a US tertiary care hospital from September 2013 through November 2015; 12-week follow-up ended in January 2016...
June 13, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606902/prevalence-clinical-features-and-risk-assessment-of-pre-diabetes-in-spain-the-prospective-mollerussa-cohort-study
#14
María Belén Vilanova, Mireia Falguera, Josep Ramon Marsal, Esther Rubinat, Núria Alcubierre, Esmeralda Catelblanco, Minerva Granado-Casas, Neus Miró, Àngels Molló, Manel Mata-Cases, Josep Franch-Nadal, Didac Mauricio
PURPOSE: The Mollerussa prospective cohort was created to study pre-diabetes in a population-based sample from the primary care setting in the semirural area of Pla d'Urgell in Catalonia (Spain). The aims of the study were to assess the prevalence of pre-diabetes in our population, the likelihood to develop overt diabetes over time and to identify risk factors associated with the progression of the condition. PARTICIPANTS: The cohort includes 594 subjects randomly selected between March 2011 and July 2014 from our primary care population, who were older than 25 years, consented to participate and did not have a recorded diagnosis of diabetes...
June 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606212/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-lebanese-primary-care-physicians-in-nutrition-counseling-a-self-reported-survey
#15
Rasha A Hseiki, Mona H Osman, Rana T El-Jarrah, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Najla A Lakkis
Aim This study aims to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of primary care physicians (PCPs) in Lebanon regarding nutrition counseling and to investigate possible related barriers. BACKGROUND: Nutrition counseling is an important aspect of patient care, especially with the increase in nutrition-related disorders. METHODS: This is a descriptive study among a convenience sample of PCPs in Lebanon at two annual conferences in 2014 using an anonymous questionnaire...
June 13, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604233/distance-education-methods-are-useful-for-delivering-education-to-palliative-caregivers-a-single-arm-trial-of-an-education-package-palliative-caregivers-education-package
#16
Liz Forbat, Rowena Robinson, Rachel Bilton-Simek, Karemah Francois, Marsha Lewis, Erna Haraldsdottir
BACKGROUND: Face-to-face/group education for palliative caregivers is successful, but relies on caregivers travelling, being absent from the patient, and rigid timings. This presents inequities for those in rural locations. AIM: To design and test an innovative distance-learning educational package (PrECEPt: PalliativE Caregivers Education Package). DESIGN: Single-arm mixed-method feasibility proof-of-concept trial (ACTRN12616000601437). The primary outcome was carer self-efficacy, with secondary outcomes focused on caregiver preparedness and carer tasks/needs...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602667/does-serum-homocysteine-explain-the-connection-between-sexual-frequency-and-cardiovascular-risk
#17
Hui-Fang Yang, Tung-Wei Kao, Yuan-Yung Lin, Mu-Tsun Shih, Li-Wei Wu, Fang-Yih Liaw, Tao-Chun Peng, Wei-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND: Sexual activity correlates with various health issues, and homocysteine is considered an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events and atherosclerosis. Research on the relation of sexual activity to sexual frequency and homocysteine is sparse. AIM: To examine the association between sexual frequency and homocysteine in the general population in the United States. METHODS: In total, 2,267 eligible participants 20 to 59 years old who had serum homocysteine data and completed a sexual behavior questionnaire were enrolled from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 2005 to 2006...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599741/implications-of-maple-syrup-urine-disease-in-newborns
#18
Pamela Harris-Haman, Lenora Brown, Susan Massey, Sivaranjani Ramamoorthy
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inherited metabolic disorder that affects the body's ability to metabolize amino acids. If left untreated, it places newborns at risk for life-threatening health problems, including episodes of illness called metabolic crisis. Newborn screening for MSUD should ideally be done within the first 24 to 48 hours after birth. With proper screening, along with genetic counseling, nutritional counseling, primary care follow-up, and ongoing monitoring, newborns with MSUD can typically go on to live healthful lives...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599676/a-randomized-trial-of-supplemental-parenteral-nutrition-in-underweight-and-overweight-critically-ill-patients-the-top-up-pilot-trial
#19
Paul E Wischmeyer, Michel Hasselmann, Christine Kummerlen, Rosemary Kozar, Demetrios James Kutsogiannis, Constantine J Karvellas, Beth Besecker, David K Evans, Jean-Charles Preiser, Leah Gramlich, Khursheed Jeejeebhoy, Rupinder Dhaliwal, Xuran Jiang, Andrew G Day, Daren K Heyland
BACKGROUND: Nutrition guidelines recommendations differ on the use of parenteral nutrition (PN), and existing clinical trial data are inconclusive. Our recent observational data show that amounts of energy/protein received early in the intensive care unit (ICU) affect patient mortality, particularly for inadequate nutrition intake in patients with body mass indices (BMIs) of <25 or >35. Thus, we hypothesized increased nutrition delivery via supplemental PN (SPN) + enteral nutrition (EN) to underweight and obese ICU patients would improve 60-day survival and quality of life (QoL) versus usual care (EN alone)...
June 9, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598759/pressure-ulcers-prevention-efficacy-of-an-alternating-pressure-air-mattress-in-elderly-patients-e%C3%A2-mao-a-randomised-study
#20
P Sauvage, M Touflet, C Pradere, F Portalier, J-M Michel, P Charru, Y Passadori, R Fevrier, A-M Hallet-Lezy, F Beauchêne, B Scherrer
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare Axtair One, an alternating pressure air mattress (APAM), with a viscoelastic foam mattress (VFM) in elderly patients at moderate to high risk of developing pressure ulcers (PUs). METHOD: A randomised, controlled, superiority, parallel-group, open-label, multicentre study, was conducted, between February 2012 and March 2015, in nine French, medium- and long-term stay facilities. Eligible patients were aged 70 and over, had no PUs on enrolment, were bedridden for at least 15 hours per day, had reduced mobility, an absent or minimal positioning capability, a Braden score <14, a nutritional status score >12 and a Karnofsky score <40%...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
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