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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457051/signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-ileal-crohn-disease-or-both-a-case-of-diagnostic-challenge
#1
Joana R Carvalho, Joana Tavares, Inês Goulart, Paula Moura Dos Santos, Emília Vitorino, Cristina Ferreira, Fátima Serejo, José Velosa
Signet ring cell carcinoma is a rare form of adenocarcinoma that predominantly affects the stomach. Signet ring cell carcinoma originated from the ileum is extremely rare and the prognosis is poor. We present a case of small bowel obstruction with features suggesting Crohn disease of the ileum. The symptoms were chronic diarrhea and abdominal pain with a family history of inflammatory bowel disease. The patient underwent surgery and histopathology revealed both aspects of signet ring cell carcinoma and Crohn disease of the ileum...
January 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432050/preventing-rescue-surgeries-by-endoscopic-clipping-a-valuable-resource-in-the-surgeon-toolbox
#2
Shanglei Liu, Garth R Jacobsen, Bryan J Sandler, Thomas J Savides, Syed Fehmi, Hans Fuchs, Ran B Luo, Jonathan C Delong, Alisa M Coker, Caitlin Houghton, Santiago Horgan
AIM: Over-the-scope-clip (OTSC) System is a relatively new endoluminal intervention for gastrointestinal (GI) leaks, fistulas, and bleeding. Here, we present a single center experience with the device over the course of 4 years. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was conducted for patients who received endoscopic OTSC treatment. Primary outcome is the resolution of the original indication for clip placement. Secondary outcomes are complications and time to resolution...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430223/successful-emergency-endoscopic-treatment-of-gastric-outlet-obstruction-due-to-gastric-bezoar-with-gastric-pneumatosis
#3
Hirokazu Honda, Takashi Ikeya, Erika Kashiwagi, Shuichi Okada, Katsuyuki Fukuda
Gastric bezoars are rare and are usually found incidentally. They can sometimes cause severe complications, including gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) or gastric pneumatosis (GP). In cases of bezoars with GP, the optimal treatment strategy has not yet been defined. We report the case of an 89-year-old man with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension who presented to our emergency room with a 2-day history of upper abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Physical examination revealed no rebound tenderness or guarding, and laboratory values revealed no elevation of the serum lactate level...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429379/formulation-development-and-evaluation-of-nifedipine-as-pylorospasm-inhibitor
#4
Shaheen Sultana, Sushma Talegaonkar, Bhaskar Ray, Harvinder Singh, F J Ahmad, Gaurav Mittal, Aseem Bhatnagar
INTRODUCTION: In this study, different nifedipine-loaded formulations were prepared to treat pylorospasm, a sphincter muscle disorder characterized by delayed gastric emptying process. The efficacy of formulation was evaluated in patients by subjective assessment, gamma scintigraphic approaches, and confocal microscopy. METHODS: Nifedipine-loaded different formulations such as sucrose bead, pellets, and microparticles (slugging method, ionotropic gelation, and chemical denaturation) were designed...
February 21, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429053/program-of-gastrointestinal-rehabilitation-and-early-postoperative-enteral-nutrition-a-prospective-study
#5
Frank Daniel Martos-Benítez, Anarelys Gutiérrez-Noyola, Andrés Soto-García, Iraida González-Martínez, Ilionanys Betancourt-Plaza
Nutritional depletion is commonly observed in patients undergoing surgical treatment for a gastrointestinal malignancy. An appropriate nutritional intervention could be associated with improved postoperative outcomes. The study was aimed to determine the effect of a program of gastrointestinal rehabilitation and early postoperative enteral nutrition upon complications and clinical outcomes in patients who experienced gastrointestinal surgery for cancer. This is a prospective study (2013 January-2015 December) of 465 consecutive patients submitted to gastrointestinal surgery for cancer and admitted to an Oncological Intensive Care Unit...
February 10, 2018: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407721/comparison-of-residual-depressive-symptoms-and-functional-impairment-between-fully-and-partially-remitted-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-multicenter-study
#6
Le Xiao, Lei Feng, Xue-Quan Zhu, Yuan Feng, Wen-Yuan Wu, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Yu-Tao Xiang, Gang Wang
This study compared residual depressive and somatic symptoms and functional impairment between remitted and partially remitted patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), and explored the associations of functioning with demographic and clinical characteristics including residual depressive symptoms. Altogether, 1503 outpatients with MDD formed the study sample. Residual symptoms and psychosocial functioning were measured using standardized instruments. Approximately half (51.2%) of the patients who responded to antidepressant treatment achieved remission ('remitters'), while the rest who responded to treatment achieved only partial remission ('non-remitters')...
January 10, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394835/-a-case-of-small-sized-acinar-cell-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-resected-by-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy
#7
Terukazu Yoshihara, Yoshito Tomimaru, Kozo Noguchi, Hirotsugu Nagase, Atsushi Hamabe, Masashi Hirota, Kazuteru Oshima, Tsukasa Tanida, Shunji Morita, Hiroshi Imamura, Takashi Iwazawa, Kenzo Akagi, Keizo Dono
A 81-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for a stomach pain. Abdominal enhanced CT scan showed a pancreatic hypovascular tumor 10mm in size. Abnormal FDG uptake was found on the tumor at FDG/PET-CT examination. The tumor was identified also at endoscopic ultrasonography, and the endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of this tumor gave the diagnosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Under the preoperative diagnosis, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy was performed. There were no postoperative complications...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394774/-a-case-of-unresectable-gastric-cancer-with-multiple-metastases-responding-to-chemotherapy
#8
Seiko Miura, Nobuhiko Ueda, Hideto Fujita, Shinichi Kinami, Yasuharu Nakano, Takeo Kosaka, Noriaki Sakata, Ryuhei Nishino
A 73-year-old man presented to a clinic complaining of upper abdominal pain with nausea and diarrhea. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with progressive gastric cancer: cT4a(SE), N3M1(H1P1), Stage IV . For first-line therapy, SP: S-1(120 mg, 3 weeks)and CDDP(90 mg, 8 days iv) were selected. Though the patient had Grade 3 thrombocytopenia and renal dysfunction, 13 courses were performed over 1 year 6 months. The primary lesion in the stomach showed complete response, while the metastatic foci in the liver reduced in size...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394616/-laparoscopic-local-resection-for-a-gastric-gist-with-ulcer-locating-near-to-the-esophagogastric-junction-a-case-report
#9
Yoshihiro Tanaka, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Shuhei Komatsu, Kazuma Okamoto, Katsutoshi Shoda, Tomohiro Arita, Hirotaka Konishi, Ryo Morimura, Yasutoshi Murayama, Atsushi Shiozaki, Yoshiaki Kuriu, Hisashi Ikoma, Masayoshi Nakanishi, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Eigo Otsuji
A 39-year-old woman visited our hospital because of epigastric pain. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a gastric submucosal tumor, 30mm in size, with ulcer locating near to the esophagogastric junction, and it was diagnosed with GIST by the endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration. Then, she underwent laparoscopic surgery for the removal of gastric GIST. After peeling around the upper stomach, the local resection of the stomach was performed with linear staplers in the minor axis direction under the vision of the endoscope and laparoscope...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394603/-a-case-of-intestinal-obstruction-caused-by-a-bezoar-after-pylous-preserving-gastrectomy
#10
Yuzo Yamazato, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Daisuke Ichikawa, Takeshi Kubota, Kazuma Okamoto, Hirotaka Konishi, Atsushi Shiozaki, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Tomohiro Arita, Ryo Morimura, Yasutoshi Murayama, Yoshiaki Kuriu, Hisashi Ikoma, Masayoshi Nakanishi, Eigo Otsuji
A 65-year-old woman with a history of pylorus-preserving gastrectomy(PPG)for early gastric cancer visited our hospital because of vomiting. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a large bezoar in the anastomotic site of the stomach. Because the bezoar was too large to be collected orally, the dissolution therapy with taking Coca-Cola®was continued. On the 3rd day after hospitalization, she felt acute abdominal pain with vomiting. Computed tomography revealed intestinal obstruction by a mass with air bubbles inside in the ileum...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394592/-a-difficult-diagnostic-case-of-pancreatic-acinar-cell-carcinoma
#11
Hiroto Matsui, Kazuhiko Sakamoto, Satoshi Matsukuma, Yukio Tokumitsu, Yoshihiro Tokuhisa, Shinsuke Kanekiyo, Shinobu Tomochika, Michihisa Iida, Nobuaki Suzuki, Shigeru Takeda, Shigefumi Yoshino, Shoichi Hazama, Tomio Ueno, Hiroaki Nagano
The patient was a 46-year-old woman with left lower abdominal pain.Abdominal dynamic CT revealed a 40 mm, gradually- enhanced pancreatic head mass.The interior of the tumor was heterogeneous and partly low in density.Endoscopic ultrasonography showed a well-defined and heterogeneous tumor with an echoic area in the pancreatic head.Therefore, the cystic lesion with solid components was suspected to be a solid pseudopapillary neoplasm(SPN), considering the age of the patient.Subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392796/micro-inflammation-in-functional-dyspepsia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
L Du, B Chen, J J Kim, X Chen, N Dai
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a gastrointestinal disorder of unknown etiology. Although micro-inflammation appears to be important in the pathogenesis, studies evaluating immune activation in FD have been inconsistent. A systematic review of literature and meta-analysis was performed to compare immunologic cell counts and cytokine levels in the mucosa and peripheral blood of individuals with FD and healthy controls. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library were searched. Data on immunologic cell counts and cytokines levels among individuals with FD and control groups were extracted and compared by calculating standard mean differences (SMD)...
February 2, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390583/a-rare-diagnosis-of-abdominal-pain-presentation-in-the-emergency-department-idiopathic-omental-bleeding-a-case-report
#13
Yen-Hung Wu, Kuan-Ting Liu, Chun-Kai Wen
RATIONALE: Idiopathic omental bleeding is a rare cause of acute abdomen, with only a few reported cases. It usually presents with abdominal pain and may be life-threatening. As it rarely occurs, it may not be considered initially during patient presentation. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 35-year-old male came to our emergency department with abdominal pain present for around 5 to 6 hours. The patient complained of left upper quadrant abdominal pain after eating breakfast...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390503/extramedullary-plasmacytoma-occuring-in-ileocecum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Danhui Zhang, Dazhong Cao, Duo Shen, Sachin Mulmi Shrestha, Ying Yin
RATIONALE: Gastrointestinal solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) is rare, just occupies about 5% of all EMPs. The most common site is small intestine followed by stomach. The colorectal incidence is much rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63-year-old female had an episodic pain around the umbilicus for about one week. The hyperemia and edema in the ileocecal mucosa were found in colonoscopy, and the endoscopy could not cross the ileocecal valve. The pathology specimens showed a high index suspicion of plasmacytoma...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390323/liver-transplantation-for-decompensated-liver-cirrhosis-caused-by-progressive-familial-intrahepatic-cholestasis-type-3-a-case-report
#15
Deng Xiang, Jiannan He, Hongmei Wang, Fangfang Xiong, Hao Cheng, Junhua Ai, Renfeng Shan, Renhua Wan, Lunli Zhang, Jun Shi
RATIONALE: Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) type 3, characterized by high gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), is an autosomal recessive genetic disease. It often occurs in patients' first years of age. However, high GGT type PFIC is still rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: The present study reports a case of liver transplantation for decompensated liver cirrhosis caused by PFIC type 3. An 18-year-old male presented with a history of abdominal distension and jaundice for 2 months...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390302/gastrointestinal-perforation-secondary-to-accidental-ingestion-of-toothpicks-a-series-case-report
#16
Zifeng Yang, Deqing Wu, Dailan Xiong, Yong Li
RATIONALE: Toothpicks are widely used as a tooth cleaning tool after meals in China. Most of the Chinese toothpicks are made of wood or bamboo with a hard texture and sharp ends. This characteristic has proven to be potentially dangerous when toothpicks are accidentally ingested, as they can cause damage and perforation of the digestive tract and other subsequent complications. PATIENT CONCERNS: The main clinical complaints of 5 patients in this study were mainly acute or chronic abdominal pain, duration from 2 days to 2 months, 1 case with vomiting, 1 case with fever...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384895/imaging-findings-of-gastric-plexiform-fibromyxoma-with-a-cystic-change-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Min-Xia Yang, Zhen-Hua Zhao, Jian-Feng Yang, Bing Chen, Xun-Ze Shen, Jian-Guo Wei, Bo-Yin Wang
RATIONALE: Plexiform fibromyxoma (PF) is an extremely rare mesenchymal tumor of the stomach, and its radiological findings have not been well described. Here, we analyzed the imaging features of a case of PF. To our knowledge, this is a rare reported case with a remarkable cystic change in the imaging literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: A previously healthy 50-year-old woman presented with a 1-day history of abdominal pain. Then, she underwent computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375945/superior-mesenteric-artery-syndrome-the-dark-side-of-weight-loss
#18
Sakshi Sahni, Malan Shiralkar, Safra Mohamed, Robert Carroll, Barbara Jung, Ron Gaba, Cemal Yazici
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction (SBO) resulting from compression of the duodenum by the SMA. Patients at risk of developing SMA syndrome include those who have experienced rapid weight loss from chronic illnesses, malignancy, bariatric surgery, eating disorders, burns, trauma, or substance abuse. We present the case of a 54-year-old cachectic female patient who presented with sudden onset nausea, vomiting, and severe epigastric pain. Imaging studies revealed distention of the stomach and proximal portion of the duodenum with abrupt narrowing of the third part of the duodenum consistent with SMA syndrome...
November 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372567/review-article-the-physiological-effects-and-safety-of-peppermint-oil-and-its-efficacy-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-other-functional-disorders
#19
REVIEW
B P Chumpitazi, G L Kearns, R J Shulman
BACKGROUND: Peppermint oil has been used for centuries as a treatment for gastrointestinal ailments. It has been shown to have several effects on gastrointestinal physiology relevant to clinical care and management. AIM: To review the literature on peppermint oil regarding its metabolism, effects on gastrointestinal physiology, clinical use and efficacy, and safety. METHODS: We performed a PubMed literature search using the following terms individually or in combination: peppermint, peppermint oil, pharmacokinetics, menthol, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, gallbladder, colon, transit, dyspepsia, nausea, abdominal pain, and irritable bowel syndrome...
January 26, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362910/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-following-failed-fundoplication
#20
Kathleen M Coakley, Steven A Groene, Paul D Colavita, Tanushree Prasad, Dimitris Stefanidis, Amy E Lincourt, Vedra A Augenstein, Keith Gersin, B Todd Heniford
INTRODUCTION: Roux-En-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an alternative to reoperative fundoplication. The aim of this study was to expand long-term outcomes of patients undergoing RYGB after failed fundoplication and assess symptom resolution. METHODS: A single institution prospective study was performed of patients undergoing fundoplication takedown and RYGB between March 2007 and September 2016. Demographics, body mass index (BMI), preoperative symptoms, operative duration and findings, and postoperative outcomes were recorded...
January 23, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
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