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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212278/the-effect-of-the-human-peptide-ghk-on-gene-expression-relevant-to-nervous-system-function-and-cognitive-decline
#1
Loren Pickart, Jessica Michelle Vasquez-Soltero, Anna Margolina
Neurodegeneration, the progressive death of neurons, loss of brain function, and cognitive decline is an increasing problem for senior populations. Its causes are poorly understood and therapies are largely ineffective. Neurons, with high energy and oxygen requirements, are especially vulnerable to detrimental factors, including age-related dysregulation of biochemical pathways caused by altered expression of multiple genes. GHK (glycyl-l-histidyl-l-lysine) is a human copper-binding peptide with biological actions that appear to counter aging-associated diseases and conditions...
February 15, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211278/endoscopic-removal-of-multiple-sharp-gastro-duodenal-foreign-bodies
#2
Samuel Costa, Raquel Gonçalves, Carla Rolanda
A 45 years old female,with bipolar disorder,was brought to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain. The patient was hemodynamically stable,with no signs of respiratory distress. On abdominal examination she had pain in the upper quadrants,without peritoneal irritation. The successful endoscopic removal decreases if delayed approach, beyond 12 h, and sharp objects. Moreover in case of sharp objects, even if already into the stomach or duodenum, they should be retrieved endoscopically if it can be accomplished safely, because the risk of a complication during its natural exteriorization is as high as 35%...
February 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202890/a-case-of-upside-down-stomach-that-was-effectively-treated-by-postprandial-repositioning
#3
Kazumasa Ono, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Toshimasa Obara, Kei Miyagishima, Shinichiro Inoue, Koichi Kozaki
An 88-year-old woman with a history of stomach perforation and lumbar compression fracture was admitted to our hospital with a chief complaint of continuous vomiting, which she had experienced since the previous day. She showed vomiting, spontaneous pain and tenderness from the epigastric fossa through the left flank. In addition, she had marked kyphosis. On a CT scan, although the fornix was located in the abdominal cavity, the antrum and body had escaped into the thoracic cavity. A large volume of gastric content was observed...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195060/pathophysiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-pain-in-most-common-locations-in-cancer-patients
#4
W Leppert, R Zajaczkowska, J Wordliczek, J Dobrogowski, J Woron, M Krzakowski
Pain is one of the most common symptoms in cancer patients, especially in advanced disease. However, pain also accompanies a significant percentage of patients during diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. In some patients pain may be the first symptom of the disease. The causes of pain in cancer patients are often multifactorial including direct and indirect cancer effects, anticancer therapy and co-morbidities. Moreover, pain in cancer patients often has mixed pathophysiology including both nociceptive and neuropathic components, especially in patients with bone metastases...
December 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184053/gastrointestinal-diseases-and-their-oro-dental-manifestations-part-4-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#5
S E Korsse, M E van Leerdam, E Dekker
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare, autosomal dominant inherited disorder, caused by germline mutations in the LKB1 tumour suppressor gene. It is clinically characterised by distinct perioral mucocutaneous pigmentations, gastrointestinal polyposis and an increased cancer risk in adult life. Hamartomatous polyps can develop already in the first decade of life and may cause various complications, including abdominal pain, bleeding, anaemia, and acute intestinal obstruction. Furthermore, patients have an increased risk for developing cancer, both in the gastrointestinal tract as in other organs...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176047/gastrointestinal-physiology-and-function
#6
Beverley Greenwood-Van Meerveld, Anthony C Johnson, David Grundy
The gastrointestinal (GI) system is responsible for the digestion and absorption of ingested food and liquids. Due to the complexity of the GI tract and the substantial volume of material that could be covered under the scope of GI physiology, this chapter briefly reviews the overall function of the GI tract, and discusses the major factors affecting GI physiology and function, including the intestinal microbiota, chronic stress, inflammation, and aging with a focus on the neural regulation of the GI tract and an emphasis on basic brain-gut interactions that serve to modulate the GI tract...
February 8, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167193/the-scapula-backward-tipping-test-an-inter-rater-reliability-study
#7
Deepak Sebastian, Raghu Chovvath, Ramesh Malladi
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of the scapula backward tipping test (SBTT) in detecting the presence of pectoralis minor (PM) tightness and subsequently scapula forward tipping, in a symptomatic population. PM tightness with scapula forward tipping has been described to cause pain and dysfunction in the shoulder region. METHODS: 30 patients with a diagnosis of shoulder pain were randomly assigned and examined by 2 musculoskeletal physical therapists at a time...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163776/tolerable-pain-reduces-gastric-fundal-accommodation-and-gastric-motility-in-healthy-subjects-a-crossover-ultrasonographic-study
#8
Hideaki Hasuo, Hiroaki Kusunoki, Kenji Kanbara, Tetsuya Abe, Naoko Yunoki, Ken Haruma, Mikihiko Fukunaga
BACKGROUND: Obstacles to pain management include patients' reluctance to inform healthcare provides about their pain, and differences in the pain management aims between patients and healthcare providers. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether tolerable pain influences gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in healthy subjects. METHODS: We undertook a crossover comparison study to evaluate gastric fundal accommodation and gastric motility in 74 healthy subjects in the presence or absence of tolerable pain...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161294/pantoea-calida-bacteremia-in-an-adult-with-end-stage-stomach-cancer-under-inpatient-care
#9
Kageto Yamada, Machiko Kashiwa, Katsumi Arai, Kazuya Satoyoshi, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
Pantoea calida is a gram-negative bacillus that was first identified in 2010. Here, we describe the first known case of P. calida bacteremia in a 77-year-old woman with end-stage stomach cancer under inpatient care. The patient was admitted to our hospital for pain after receiving anti-cancer therapy at outpatient facility. Thirteen days after admission, her temperature rose to 39.6 °C. A blood culture was ordered for suspected bacterial infection, and the patient was treated empirically with ampicillin/sulbactam...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156458/differences-in-the-symptom-distress-between-young-adult-and-adult-patients-with-advanced-cancer-admitted-to-acute-palliative-care-unit
#10
Yu Jung Kim, Ji Soo Park, Hye Jin Choi
: 99 Background: Understanding about young adults with advanced cancer in palliative care was still insufficient. The purpose of this study was to identify the differences in symptom distress between young (20-39 years) and older (≥ 40 years) adults with advanced cancer who were admitted to acute palliative care unit. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 502 consecutive patients admitted to acute palliative care unit between April 2015 and March 2016 in two tertiary cancer centers...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144091/clinicopathological-profile-of-gastrointestinal-lymphomas-in-kashmir
#11
Mehnaaz Sultan Khuroo, Summyia Farooq Khwaja, Ajaz Rather, Zhahid Hassan, Ruby Reshi, Naira Sultan Khuroo
BACKGROUND: The histological categorization of lymphoma has been a source of controversy for many years for both clinicians and pathologists. Clinicopathologic information of gastrointestinal lymphomas in Indian subcontinent is lacking. We studied histopathological spectrum of Primary Gastrointestinal Lymphomas (PGIL) and attempted to classify the G.I. lymphomas based on the recent WHO classification in to major histological types and immunological categories. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was done to evaluate the clinicopathological pattern of 100 cases with a histopathological diagnosis of primary gastrointestinal lymphoma at a tertiary care hospital...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133324/-a-case-of-an-elderly-patient-with-advanced-gastric-cancer-successfully-treated-with-combination-s-1-and-oxaliplatin-therapy
#12
Ryohei Kawabata, Masato Yoshikawa, Chizu Kameda, Akihiro Takata, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Junzo Shimizu, Hideaki Miwa, Junichi Hasegawa
The patient was an 80-year-old man. He had a chief complaint of epigastric pain. The upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a type 4 tumor of the stomach, and the CT scan showed multiple para-aortic lymph node metastases. The patient was diagnosed with cStage IV gastric cancer. At first, he could take only small amounts of liquid. After starting S-1 and oxaliplatin (SOX), he was able to resume a full diet and his general condition was improved. A CT scan after 4 courses of chemotherapy showed a significant reduction in the wall thickness of the stomach and the size of the lymph nodes...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133318/-a-case-report-of-an-undifferentiated-pancreatic-carcinoma-diagnosed-as-a-solid-pseudopapillary-neoplasm-before-surgery
#13
Hisataka Matsuo, Hisashi Ikoma, Ryo Morimura, Tomohiro Arita, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hirotaka Konishi, Yasutoshi Murayama, Shuhei Komatsu, Atsushi Shiozaki, Yoshiaki Kuriu, Masayoshi Nakanishi, Daisuke Ichikawa, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Okamoto, Eigo Otsuji
A 37-year-old man visited a previous hospital because of left abdominal pain. A contrast-enhanced CT scan revealed a 7 cm solid tumor in the pancreas body, and the patient was referred to our hospital. EUS-FNA showed that the tumor cells were positive for b-catenin in the nuclei, as well as for CD10 and CD56. On the other hand, the cells were negative for chromogranin A and synaptophysin. This is the typical immunohistochemical pattern of a solid pseudopapillary neoplasm(SPN). Therefore, we diagnosed this case as SPN before surgery...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133199/-a-case-of-synchronous-multi-centric-invasive-ductal-carcinomas-of-the-pancreas
#14
Hiroki Sakamoto, Takuro Yoshikawa, Takahisa Akashi, Masato Hisano, Yu Asakura, Yoshiyuki Owada, Seiji Haji, Tetsuya Ienaga, Yoshihiro Ikura, Yasuhiro Iwai
A 69-year-old man with left upper abdominal pain visited our hospital. Abdominal CT revealed a hypovascular mass(66× 57mm)in the pancreatic tail. MRI revealed hemorrhage and cysts in the caudal lesion of the tumor. The tumor involved the posterior wallof the stomach. Based on a diagnosis of pancreatic tailcancer with gastric posterior wallinvasion, distalpancreatectomy and partialgastrectomy were performed. Histopathologicalexamination indicated 2 adjacent tumors through a capsule in the pancreas tail. These tumors were diagnosed as synchronous invasive ductal carcinomas of the pancreas, which were anaplastic and papillary carcinomas...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133192/-a-radically-resected-case-of-ruptured-ipmc-of-the-pancreas-after-abscess-drainage-using-an-endoscopic-naso-pancreatic-drainage-tube
#15
Arata Furukawa, Satoshi Kuboki, Hiroaki Shimizu, Masayuki Ohtsuka, Hideyuki Yoshitomi, Katsunori Furukawa, Tsukasa Takayashiki, Shigetsugu Takano, Daisuke Suzuki, Nozomu Sakai, Shingo Kagawa, Hiroyuki Nojima, Masaru Miyazaki
A 79-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of sudden upper abdominal pain. Enhanced computed tomography revealed a huge multilocular cystic tumor with a thickened wall, which was connected with the main pancreatic duct of the pancreatic body. Abscess formation was seen inside the omental bursa; however, there were no signs of direct invasion of the cystic tumor into the stomach or transverse colon. Therefore, we performed emergency endoscopic naso-pancreatic drainage(ENPD)under the diagnosis of an intraperitoneal abscess caused by rupture of intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma(IPMC)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133182/-highly-advanced-gastric-cancer-leading-to-immediate-perforation-on-day-three-of-chemotherapy-with-s-1-plus-oxaliplatin
#16
Hideaki Neduka, Masayoshi Munemoto, Toshihiko Ojima, Mitsuharu Earashi, Hisatake Fujii, Akitaka Nonomura
A 68-year-old woman was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer with a type 3 deep ulcer of the middle stomach by endoscopy. An abdominal computed tomography scan revealed multiple lymph node metastases and peritoneal disseminations. The clinical stage was determined to be T4a(SE), N2P1M1(PER), H0 and stage IV . A gastrectomy was scheduled after 2 courses of S-1 plus oxaliplatin(SOX)with curative intent. On day 3 after initiatingSOX therapy, the patient complained of severe abdominal pain. Because the abdominal CT scan showed intra-abdominal free air and a defect in the gastric wall, we performed an emergency total gastrectomy...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133163/-a-case-report-of-early-gastric-cancer-with-submucosal-heterotopic-gastric-glands
#17
Nobuyuki Watanabe, Masato Mitsuda, Eijiro Yamashita, Hiroshi Ito, Atsushi Toma, Kenji Nakamura, Toshiya Ochiai
We reported a case of early gastric cancer with submucosal heterotopic gastric glands.A 62-year-old woman presented with poor appetite, weight loss, and epigastric pain.Endoscopy examination identified giant gastric folds and a gastric ulcer on the posterior wall of the upper-middle stomach.Biopsy specimen analysis showed adenocarcinoma.We preoperatively diagnosed the lesion as type II c-like advanced cancer and performed a total gastrectomy.Pathologically, the lesion was diagnosed as gastric cancer(non-solid type poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma)located in the mucosal layer and accompanied by submucosal heterotopic gastric glands...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133162/-a-case-of-a-large-gastric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-with-a-pdgfra-exon-18-mutation
#18
Atsuo Imagawa, Mitsuru Tomizawa, Satoshi Okumura, Sho Toyoda, Hiroshi Kawashima, Kansuke Yamamoto, Aya Ito, Naoto Mizumura, Ken Yoo, Hiromitsu Maehira, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki, Masao Kameyama, Michiko Yoshimura, Seiichi Hirota
A 49-year-old man visited our hospital with a chief complaint of abdominal pain that began 1 day before his visit.An approximately 30 cm tumor that was extensively in contact with the gastric wall in the abdominal cavity was detected on computed tomography(CT).An elevated lesion covered with normal mucosa on the posterior wall of the greater curvature was detected on upper endoscopy.He was diagnosed with a submucosal tumor of the stomach, and he underwent surgery. Surgical findings revealed an elastic soft tumor with a maximal dimension of 38 cm that projected from the posterior wall of the stomach beyond the gastric wall...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133124/-surgical-resection-after-gemcitabine-plus-cisplatin-chemotherapy-for-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-with-multiple-lymph-node-metastases-report-of-a-case
#19
Takahiro Otani, Jun Sakata, Hitoshi Kameyama, Ayaka Otani, Yuki Hirose, Hiroshi Tamura, Yuta Morimoto, Kohei Miura, Kei Yoshino, Tomoki Kido, Takashi Kobayashi, Kazuhiko Endo, Toshifumi Wakai
An 82-year-old man with upper abdominal pain was referred to our hospital because of an elevated serum CEA level and dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts on ultrasonography.Computed tomography revealed a hypovascular mass measuring 5.0 cm in size in the lateral section, dilatation of the peripheral intrahepatic bile ducts, and swollen lymph nodes around the lesser curvature of the stomach, the common hepatic artery, and the paraaorta.He was diagnosed with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and he received chemotherapy with biweekly gemcitabine plus cisplatin...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127350/uncommon-human-urinary-tract-myiasis-due-to-psychoda-sp-larvae-kashan-iran-a-case-report
#20
Sima Rasti, Rouhullah Dehghani, Hassan Naeimi Khaledi, Sayed Mahdi Takhtfiroozeh, Elahe Chimehi
Contamination of human and animal body tissues with flies' larvae and diptera cause myiasis. A 26 yr old female patient refers to Kashan Shahid Beheshti Hospital, central Iran because of urogenital infection, pain in the right part of stomach, smelly and reddish vaginal discharge and frequent urination. In the first checking, urine sample was taken. In the sample, active and alive larvae were seen. The live samples were taken to the Environmental Health Department Lab of Kashan University of Medical Sciences in clean glass jars...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
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