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Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340151/reference-values-for-spirometry-in-elderly-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study-of-different-reference-equations
#1
Joana Belo, Teresa Palmeiro, Iolanda Caires, Ana L Papoila, Marta Alves, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Maria A Botelho, Nuno Neuparth
Background: Spirometry is the single most important test for the evaluation of respiratory function. The results are interpreted by comparing measured data with predicted values previously obtained from a reference population. Reference equations for spirometry have been discussed previously. The aim of this study was to compare reference values based on National Health and Nutrition Assessment Survey (NHANES III), European Community of Steel and Coal (ECSC), and Global Lung Initiative (GLI) equations in an elderly sample population...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298330/the-higher-mortality-associated-with-low-serum-albumin-is-dependent-on-systemic-inflammation-in-end-stage-kidney-disease
#2
Filipa Caeiro Alves, Jia Sun, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Lu Dai, Sunna Snaedal, Peter Bárány, Olof Heimbürger, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel
BACKGROUND: The correlation of low serum albumin with mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is partly linked to its association with systemic inflammation. However, it is not clear to what extent albumin's correlation with mortality depends on concomitant systemic inflammation. Here we addressed this question in patients with CKD stage 5. METHODS: Serum albumin (S-Alb), systemic inflammation (high-sensitive C-reactive protein, hsCRP), cardiovascular disease (CVD) and nutritional status (subjective global assessment, SGA) were assessed at baseline in 822 patients: 523 incident dialysis patients, 212 prevalent hemodialysis (HD) and 87 prevalent peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297435/validation-of-spirometry-prediction-equations-in-western-kenya
#3
D W Paul, D K Lagat, N MacIntyre, J R Egger, D M Murdoch, L G Que, P S Kussin
SETTING: Community of Eldoret, Kenya. OBJECTIVE: To test the performance of three commonly used spirometry prediction equations in a healthy Kenyan population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional assessment of healthy adults in Eldoret. RESULTS: Of the 331 subjects enrolled in the study, 282 subjects aged 18-85 years (45% males, 55% females) produced high-quality spirograms. Lung function predictions were made using the Global Lung Initiative 2012 (GLI 2012) prediction equations for African Americans, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES III) prediction equations for African Americans, and the Crapo prediction equation...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295506/association-between-malnutrition-and-28-day-mortality-and-intensive-care-length-of-stay-in-the-critically-ill-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Charles Chin Han Lew, Gabriel Jun Yung Wong, Ka Po Cheung, Ai Ping Chua, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Michelle Miller
There is limited evidence for the association between malnutrition and mortality as well as Intensive Care Unit length-of-stay (ICU-LOS) in critically ill patients. We aimed to examine the aforementioned associations by conducting a prospective cohort study in an ICU of a Singapore tertiary hospital. Between August 2015 and October 2016, all adult patients with ≥ 24 h of ICU-LOS were included. The 7-point Subjective Global Assessment (7-point SGA) was used to determine patients' nutritional status within 48 h of ICU admission...
December 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289386/mortality-risk-factors-in-elderly-patients-in-intensive-care-without-limitation-of-therapeutic-effort
#5
S E Giannasi, M S Venuti, A D Midley, N Roux, C Kecskes, E San Román
OUTCOME: To determine mortality prognostic factors in elderly patients who are admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) due to acute critical illness. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was carried out. SETTING: A polyvalent Intensive Care Unit at a University Hospital in Argentina. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: We included 249 patients over 65years of age who were consecutively admitted to the ICU and required mechanical ventilation for more than 48hours, between January 2011 and December 2012...
December 27, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260129/evaluation-of-perioperative-nutritional-status-with-subjective-global-assessment-method-in-patients-undergoing-gastrointestinal-cancer-surgery
#6
Aylin Erdim, Ahmet Özdemir Aktan
Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the perioperative nutritional status of patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal cancer using Subjective Global Assessment and surgeon behavior on nutritional support. Material and Methods: We recruited 100 patients undergoing surgery for gastrointestinal cancer in one university and two state teaching hospitals. Subjective Global Assessment was administered to evaluate preoperative and postoperative nutritional status...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241167/nutritional-screening-and-clinical-outcome-in-hospitalized-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#7
Azusa Takaoka, Masaya Sasaki, Naoko Nakanishi, Mika Kurihara, Akiko Ohi, Shigeki Bamba, Akira Andoh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hospitalized patients with Crohn's disease (CD) can develop severe nutritional deficits. However, the nutritional screening tools with the most utility for such patients are still unknown. METHODS: Nutritional status of 40 CD patients was assessed on admission using several screening tools and laboratory tests. Their validity was evaluated in relation to length of hospital stay (LOS) and intestinal resection. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to predict prolonged LOS (≥28 days)...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216957/handgrip-strength-as-a-predictor-of-nutritional-status-in-chinese-elderly-inpatients-at-hospital-admission
#8
Xin Sheng Zhang, Ying Hua Liu, Yong Zhang, Qing Xu, Xiao Ming Yu, Xue Yan Yang, Zhao Liu, Hui Zi Li, Feng Li, Chang Yong Xue
OBJECTIVE: To assess nutritional status and define gender- and age-specific handgrip strength (HGS) cut-point values for malnutrition or nutritional risk in elderly inpatients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1,343 elderly inpatients was conducted in the Chinese PLA General Hospital. Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS 2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) were administered. Anthropometric measurements and blood biochemical indicators were obtained using standard techniques...
November 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215819/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-patients-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#9
Min Chang Kang, Ji Hoon Kim, Seung Wan Ryu, Jae Young Moon, Je Hoon Park, Jong Kyung Park, Jong Hoon Park, Hyun Wook Baik, Jeong Meen Seo, Myoung Won Son, Geun Am Song, Dong Woo Shin, Yeon Myung Shin, Hong Yup Ahn, Han Kwang Yang, Hee Chul Yu, Ik Jin Yun, Jae Gil Lee, Jae Myeong Lee, Jung Hwa Lee, Tae Hee Lee, Haejun Yim, Hyun Jeong Jeon, Kyuwhan Jung, Mi Ran Jung, Chi Young Jeong, Hee Sook Lim, Suk Kyung Hong
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with many adverse clinical outcomes. The present study aimed to identify the prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized patients in Korea, evaluate the association between malnutrition and clinical outcomes, and ascertain the risk factors of malnutrition. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was performed with 300 patients recruited from among the patients admitted in 25 hospitals on January 6, 2014. Nutritional status was assessed by using the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211778/clinical-global-assessment-of-nutritional-status-as-predictor-of-mortality-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#10
Lu Dai, Hideyuki Mukai, Bengt Lindholm, Olof Heimbürger, Peter Barany, Peter Stenvinkel, Abdul Rashid Qureshi
BACKGROUND: The value of subjective global assessment (SGA) as nutritional assessor of protein-energy wasting (PEWSGA) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients depends on its mortality predictive capacity. We investigated associations of PEWSGA with markers of nutritional status and all-cause mortality in CKD patients. METHODS: In 1031 (732 CKD1-5 non-dialysis and 299 dialysis) patients, SGA and body (BMI), lean (LBMI) and fat (FBMI) body mass indices, % handgrip strength (% HGS), serum albumin, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were examined at baseline...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203430/optimization-of-perioperative-management-of-proximal-femoral-fracture-in-the-elderly
#11
REVIEW
P Merloz
Proximal femoral fracture in elderly subjects is a major event that is life-threatening in the medium-to-long term. Advanced age, male gender and number of comorbidities largely account for high mortality and require geriatric expertise. Protein-energy malnutrition and bone demineralization increase mortality. Mortality can, on the other hand, be reduced by acting on two variables accessible to medical intervention: daily activities and nutritional status. Functional and neurocognitive assessment allow the risk of dependency to be evaluated, and global geriatric work-up can prevent sudden breakdown of homeostasis...
December 1, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187051/the-new-european-society-for-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolism-definition-of-malnutrition-application-for-nutrition-assessment-and-prediction-of-morbimortality-in-an-emergency-service
#12
Jaqueline da Silva Fink, Aline Marcadenti, Estela Iraci Rabito, Flávia Moraes Silva
BACKGROUND: Recently, the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) provided novel consensus criteria for malnutrition diagnosis. This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of this instrument in combination with different nutrition screening tools (1) to identify malnutrition and (2) to predict morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational prospective study in 750 adults admitted to the emergency service of a tertiary public hospital...
March 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166191/the-pediatric-yorkhill-malnutrition-score-is-a-reliable-malnutrition-screening-tool
#13
Nur Eni Lestari, Nani Nurhaeni, Dessie Wanda
Children often experience malnutrition while they are hospitalized. Therefore, the prevention of malnutrition and nutritional management need to be done properly using malnutrition screening tools. This study aimed to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and the Screening Tool for the Risk of Impaired Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGkids) when compared to the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment for Children (SGNA). This study involved 81 pediatric patients with ages ranging from 1 to 16 years old...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151280/oral-nutritional-supplementation-in-patients-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-a-randomised-crossover-pilot-study
#14
Karen M Salamon, Kelly Lambert
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a significant problem in those undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Factors such as gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and the need for a fluid reduced diet can limit tolerance and thereby the efficacy of oral nutritional supplements to treat malnutrition. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the acceptability and impact of two different forms of oral nutrition supplementation for 16 weeks on nutritional markers and quality of life of malnourished patients undergoing PD...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136495/agreement-between-the-methods-subjective-global-nutritional-assessment-and-the-nutritional-assessment-of-the-world-health-organization
#15
Fabiana S Pimenta, Cássia M Oliveira, Wallisen T Hattori, Kely R Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement between the results of the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment questionnaire, adapted for children and adolescents of the Brazilian population, and the nutritional status assessment method through growth curves and the classification of the World Health Organization in a pediatric hospital service. METHODS: This was an analytical, quantitative, cross-sectional study. During the data collection period, the nutritional status of all patients from 0 to 12 years of age, admitted to the pediatric unit of a university hospital, was concomitantly assessed according to the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment and World Health Organization curves...
November 11, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136094/effects-of-multidomain-lifestyle-intervention-omega-3-supplementation-or-their-combination-on-physical-activity-levels-in-older-adults-secondary-analysis-of-the-multidomain-alzheimer-preventive-trial-mapt-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Matteo Cesari, Charlotte Dupuy, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
Background/objectives: to investigate the effects of a 3-year multidomain lifestyle intervention, omega-3 supplementation or both on physical activity (PA) in older adults with subjective memory complaints. Design/settings/subjects: the Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial was a 3-year randomised controlled trial that enroled 1,680 community-dwelling adults aged 70 years or over, with subjective memory complaints. Participants were randomised to omega-3 supplementation (total daily dose of 800 mg docosahexanoic acid and up to 225 mg eicosapentanoic acid), multidomain intervention (nutritional and exercise counselling and cognitive training), omega-3 plus multidomain intervention or placebo with usual care...
November 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133331/malnutrition-and-its-association-with-readmission-and-death-within-7-days-and-8-180-days-postdischarge-in-older-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Yogesh Sharma, Michelle Miller, Billingsley Kaambwa, Rashmi Shahi, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood, Campbell Thompson
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between admission nutritional status and clinical outcomes following hospital discharge is not well established. This study investigated whether older patients' nutritional status at admission predicts unplanned readmission or death in the very early or late periods following hospital discharge. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study prospectively recruited 297 patients ≥60 years old who were presenting to the General Medicine Department of a tertiary care hospital in Australia...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130701/patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-recent-cancer-diagnosis
#18
Mayra Jezabel Vázquez de la Torre, Katja Stein, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay, Miguel Roberto Kumazawa Ichikawa, Rogelio Troyo Sanromán, Alicia Guadalupe Salcedo Flores, Fernando Antonio Sánchez Zubieta
BACKGROUND: The subjective global assessment (SGA) is a simple, sensitive tool used to identify nutritional risk. It is widely used in the adult population, but there is little evidence on its effectiveness in children with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was undertaken to demonstrate significant correlation between a simplified version of the Patient-Generated SGA (PG-SGA) and anthropometric assessment to identify nutritional status in children recently diagnosed with cancer...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130698/preoperative-metabolic-status-is-associated-with-different-evolution-of-resting-energy-expenditure-after-liver-transplant-in-adults
#19
Ana Brito-Costa, Luís Pereira-da-Silva, Ana Luisa Papoila, Marta Alves, Élia Mateus, Fernando Nolasco, Eduardo Barroso
INTRODUCTION: The resting energy expenditure (REE) evolution after liver transplantation is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To assess longitudinally the REE evolution in adults undergoing liver transplantation, in association with other nutritional measurements that characterize the metabolic profile. METHODS: A single-center cohort of consecutive end-stage liver disease patients with indication for liver transplantation was recruited. REE, subjective global assessment (SGA), handgrip strength and body composition measurements were assessed before transplantation (T0) and at median nine (T1) and 36 (T2) days after transplantation...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113907/assessing-the-prevalence-of-protein-energy-wasting-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-cross-sectional-monocentric-study
#20
Rajaa Essadik, Rajaa Msaad, Halima Lebrazi, Hassan Taki, El Hassane Tahri, Anass Kettani, Ghizlane Madkouri, Benyounes Ramdani, Rachid Saïle
INTRODUCTION: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is a strong predictive factor for morbidity and mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, there is no consensus for its assessment. The present study aimed to assess the nutritional status of patients on chronic HD by use of different nutritional assessment parameters, and at verifying which can identify the greatest number of HD patients with PEW. Also, to investigate predictors of nutritional status in a haemodialysis center in Morocco...
November 4, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
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