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Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315777/appetite-disorders-in-cancer-patients-impact-on-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life
#1
David E Barajas Galindo, Alfonso Vidal-Casariego, Alicia Calleja-Fernández, Ana Hernández-Moreno, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Manuela Pedraza-Lorenzo, María Asunción Rodríguez-García, Dalia María Ávila-Turcios, Miran Alejo-Ramos, Rocío Villar-Taibo, Ana Urioste-Fondo, Isidoro Cano-Rodríguez, María D Ballesteros-Pomar
Cancer patients are at high risk of malnutrition due to several symptoms such as lack of appetite. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of different appetite disorders in cancer patients and their influence on dietary intake, nutritional status, and quality of life. We conducted a cross-sectional study of cancer patients at risk of malnutrition. Nutritional status was studied using Subjective Global Assessment, anthropometry, and grip strength. Dietary intake was evaluated with a 24-hour recall, and patients were questioned about the presence of changes in appetite (none, anorexia, early satiety, or both)...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303380/nutritional-and-functional-factors-as-prognostic-of-surgical-cancer-patients
#2
Jéssica Härter, Silvana Paiva Orlandi, Maria Cristina Gonzalez
PURPOSE: We evaluated phase angle, sarcopenia, and handgrip strength as prognostic factors of postoperative morbimortality in patients with cancer. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a prospective study with 60 oncology patients admitted for elective surgery between November 2015 and May 2016. We calculated the standardized phase angle (SPA) and the skeletal mass index of the subjects based on their bioelectrical impedance tests. Handgrip strength (HGS) was measured using a hydraulic dynamometer...
March 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300759/overcoming-dietary-assessment-challenges-in-low-income-countries-technological-solutions-proposed-by-the-international-dietary-data-expansion-inddex-project
#3
Jennifer C Coates, Brooke A Colaiezzi, Winnie Bell, U Ruth Charrondiere, Catherine Leclercq
An increasing number of low-income countries (LICs) exhibit high rates of malnutrition coincident with rising rates of overweight and obesity. Individual-level dietary data are needed to inform effective responses, yet dietary data from large-scale surveys conducted in LICs remain extremely limited. This discussion paper first seeks to highlight the barriers to collection and use of individual-level dietary data in LICs. Second, it introduces readers to new technological developments and research initiatives to remedy this situation, led by the International Dietary Data Expansion (INDDEX) Project...
March 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300757/analysis-of-outcomes-of-the-nrs-2002-in-patients-hospitalized-in-nephrology-wards
#4
Paulina Borek, Michał Chmielewski, Sylwia Małgorzewicz, Alicja Dębska Ślizień
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is a common problem among hospitalized patients. In chronic kidney disease, it affects up to 50% of the population. Undernourishment has an adverse effect on prognosis and prolongs convalescence. The aim of the study was to test the effectiveness of NRS (Nutrition Risk Screening) -2002 in the assessment of risk of malnutrition for patients hospitalized in nephrology wards. The aim was to develop clinical characteristics of malnourished patients and to assess the relationship between nutritional status and patient outcome...
March 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261383/malnutrition-negatively-impacts-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-cirrhosis-an-observational-study
#5
Gabriela Rojas-Loureiro, Alfredo Servín-Caamaño, Elizabeth Pérez-Reyes, Luis Servín-Abad, Fátima Higuera-de la Tijera
AIM: To verify how malnutrition is related to health-related quality of life (HRQL) impairment in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: Data was retrospectively abstracted from medical records and obtained by direct interview. We included patients with cirrhosis from any etiology, evaluated at the Liver Clinic from Gastroenterology Department in a tertiary healthcare center, from June 2014 to June 2016. Child-Pugh score, data about complications, and demographic, clinical and anthropometric characteristics of patients were obtained...
February 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258307/nutrition-for-diabetic-retinopathy-plummeting-the-inevitable-threat-of-diabetic-vision-loss
#6
REVIEW
Yashodhara Sharma, Sandeep Saxena, Arvind Mishra, Anita Saxena, Shankar Madhav Natu
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is among the leading causes of preventable blindness. Hyperglycemia, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and anemia majorly predispose its pathogenesis. The current treatment modalities of DR include laser photocoagulation therapy, intravitreal corticosteroids, intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents and vitreo-retinal surgery which are costly, highly invasive, unproven for prolonged use and opted in advanced stages of DR. By then retina already encounters a vast damage...
March 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252186/taste-related-sensations-in-old-age
#7
REVIEW
Taiji Ogawa, Michael J Annear, Kazunori Ikebe, Yoshinobu Maeda
BACKGROUND: The sense of taste is important as it allows for assessment of nutritional value, safety, and quality of foods as well as for food enjoyment and quality of life. Several factors are suggested to be associated with taste sensitivity, and higher prevalence of taste disorder has been reported among older adults. This review focused on the reported causes and correlates of taste decline in older adults, with the of aim to consolidating existing evidence and identifying gaps and limitations...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225049/prevalence-and-predictors-of-weight-change-post-discharge-from-hospital-a-study-of-the-canadian-malnutrition-task-force
#8
H Keller, M Laporte, H Payette, J Allard, P Bernier, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is known about factors associated with weight change post discharge from hospital; yet poor nutritional status in the transition from hospital to community can result in readmission. This exploratory study aimed to determine the factors associated with weight change 30 days post discharge defined as weight gain (WG; 5+ pounds), weight loss (WL; 5+pounds) or weight stable (WS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 922 medical or surgical patients were recruited from 16 acute care hospitals in 8 Canadian provinces...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222963/performance-of-subjective-global-assessment-and-malnutrition-inflammation-score-for-monitoring-the-nutritional-status-of-older-adults-on-hemodialysis
#9
Fernanda Santin, Juliana Rodrigues, Flávia Barbosa Brito, Carla Maria Avesani
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Studies assessing the performance of 7-point subjective global assessment (7p-SGA) and malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) to assess longitudinal changes in nutritional status are lacking. Thus, we aimed to investigate whether longitudinal changes in 7p-SGA and MIS were associated with changes in objective parameters of nutritional status, as well as to evaluate the prognostic value of 7p-SGA and MIS on hospitalization events. METHODS: One hundred and four patients aged ≥60 years (70...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198916/relationship-between-nutritional-status-and-the-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-and-without-neoplasms-according-to-multiple-correspondence-analysis
#10
Vânia Aparecida Leandro-Merhi, José Luiz Braga de Aquino
BACKGROUND: For many years, many studies have reported undesirable outcomes that may occur during the hospital stay of patients diagnosed with malnutrition or even at some nutritional risk. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between nutritional status and clinical outcomes during hospital stay using the multiple correspondence analysis technique. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 600 patients with and without neoplasms. The following data were collected: subjective global assessment, nutritional indicators, nutritional risk screening, anthropometric data (body mass index (BMI), mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), mid-upper arm muscle circumference (MUAMC), triceps skinfold thickness (TST), recent weight loss (RWL)), and habitual energy intake (HEI/ER <75%)...
February 13, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174491/comprehensive-evaluation-of-nutritional-status-before-and-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-170-patients-with-hematological-diseases
#11
Peng Liu, Boshi Wang, Xia Yan, Jingjing Cai, Yu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nutritional status of patients before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and explore optimal methods for assessing nutritional status in patients with hematological diseases. METHODS: This cohort study enrolled 170 patients who were diagnosed with hematological diseases and underwent allogeneic HSCT in the Department of Hematology, Peking University People's Hospital between May 2011 and April 2013. We used fixed-point continuous sampling and four nutritional screening tools, Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and Malnutrition Universal Screening Tools (MUST), in combination with body measurements, to extensively screen and evaluate nutritional risks and status in patients receiving HSCT before entering and after leaving laminar air flow rooms...
December 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141676/nutritional-assessment-and-status-of-hospitalized-infants
#12
Misa Matsuyama, Kristie Bell, Melinda White, Karen Lawson, Michael David, Annabel Doolan, Alwyn Todd
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition during infancy has long-term adverse consequences for both physical and psychological development. Early detection of malnutrition among hospitalized infants is essential to provide optimal nutrition support. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate the nutritional status of hospitalized infants using 2 methods: the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment (SGNA) and anthropometric measurement. We also investigated diagnostic category associated with nutritional status, the mean anthropometric z scores, and explored the association between malnutrition and nutrition focused variables...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139186/undernutrition-risk-and-undernutrition-in-pulmonology-department-inpatients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Isabel Maia, Bárbara Peleteiro, Sónia Xará, Teresa F Amaral
Pulmonology patients are predisposed to be undernourished and a wide variability in the estimates of frequency of undernutrition risk and undernutrition is found in the literature. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the prevalence of undernutrition risk and undernutrition on hospital admission in pulmonology department inpatients. We also intend to take into account the different methodologies used to evaluate undernutrition risk and undernutrition in this population. Pubmed, ISI-Web of Science, and Scopus were searched until January 2015...
February 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134716/a-comparison-of-the-nutritional-risk-screening-2002-tool-with-the-subjective-global-assessment-tool-to-detect-nutritional-status-in-chinese-patients-undergoing-surgery-with-gastrointestinal-cancer
#14
Juntao Chi, Shaohua Yin, Yongjian Zhu, Fengli Gao, Xinna Song, Zhenlan Song, Junying Lv, Miaomiao Li
The objectives of this study were to describe the nutritional status of Chinese patients with gastrointestinal cancer undergoing surgery and to compare the ease of use, diversity, and concordance of the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 with the Subjective Global Assessment in the same patients. A total of 280 gastrointestinal cancer patients admitted for elective surgery were evaluated by the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) tools within 48 hours of admission from April to October 2012...
January 2017: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125312/cachexia-at-diagnosis-is-associated-with-poor-survival-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#15
Helena Orell-Kotikangas, Pia Österlund, Outi Mäkitie, Kauko Saarilahti, Paula Ravasco, Ursula Schwab, Antti A Mäkitie
CONCLUSIONS: One third of the patients had cachexia with an association of significantly shorter survival. These results suggest that combining HGS and MAMA seems to be a practical method to screen cachexia in patients with head and neck cancer and may also be used when assessing their prognosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the hypothesis that cachexia defined as both low mid-arm muscle area (MAMA) and handgrip strength (HGS) is associated with decreased survival in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC)...
January 26, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088190/total-kidney-and-liver-volume-is-a-major-risk-factor-for-malnutrition-in-ambulatory-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#16
Hyunjin Ryu, Hyosang Kim, Hayne Cho Park, Hyunsuk Kim, Eun Jin Cho, Kyu-Beck Lee, Wookyung Chung, Kook-Hwan Oh, Jeong Yeon Cho, Young-Hwan Hwang, Curie Ahn
BACKGROUND: In patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), malnutrition may develop as renal function declines and the abdominal organs become enlarged. We investigated the relationship of intra-abdominal mass with nutritional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed at a tertiary hospital outpatient clinic. Anthropometric and laboratory data including serum creatinine, albumin, and cholesterol were collected, and kidney and liver volumes were measured...
January 14, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074773/low-dose-dialysis-combined-with-low-protein-intake-can-maintain-nitrogen-balance-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-in-poor-economies%C3%A2
#17
Chun-Yan Su, Tao Wang, Xin-Hong Lu, Sha Ma, Wen Tang, Pei-Yu Wang
OBJECTIVE: Due to limited economic conditions, we tried to provide "fitted" dialysis doses instead of the doses recommended by the international guidelines to the individual patients. In the present cross-sectional study, we studied the dialysis adequacy and nutritional status of 5 peritoneal dialysis patients who had a low dialysis dose (2 bags, 4,000 mL/day). METHODS: The 3-day dietary records were reviewed to calculate patients' energy, protein, and nitrogen intake (NI)...
February 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063519/comparison-of-two-nutritional-screening-tools-to-detect-nutritional-risk-in-hematologic-inpatients
#18
Lucía Fiol-Martínez, Alicia Calleja-Fernández, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Alfonso Vidal-Casariego, Rocío Villar-Taibo, Ana Urioste-Fondo, Marta Cuervo, Isidoro Cano-Rodríguez, María D Ballesteros-Pomar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare two nutritional screening tools in oncohematologic inpatients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a hematology ward from August to December 2015. Within the first 24 h of admission, the following nutritional screenings were performed: Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA). Patients who stayed in the hematologic ward were reevaluated with the three screening tools 1 and 2 wk after admission...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049261/nutrition-assessment-and-its-relationship-with-performance-and-glasgow-prognostic-scores-in-vietnamese-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#19
Tran Chau Quyen, Jongjit Angkatavanich, Tran Van Thuan, Vo Van Xuan, Le Danh Tuyen, Do Anh Tu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the nutritional status of patients with esophageal cancer, and to investigate its relationship with performance status and prognosis. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This clinical, cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to February 2015 at National Cancer Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam. Stage III/IV esophageal cancer patients were assessed for their nutritional status (patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and SGA scores, BMI, mid-arm circumference (MAC), energy and protein intakes, weight changes, Karnofsky and Eastern cooperative oncology group performance scores (KPS/ECOG), and Glasgow prognostic score (GPS)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034565/to-create-a-consensus-on-malnutrition-diagnostic-criteria-a-report-from-the-global-leadership-initiative-on-malnutrition-glim-meeting-at-the-espen-congress-2016
#20
EDITORIAL
Tommy Cederholm, Gordon L Jensen
During the ESPEN Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016) representatives of the 4 largest global PEN-societies from Europe (ESPEN), USA (ASPEN), Asia (PENSA) and Latin America (FELANPE), and from national PEN-societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, USA (February 2016). Current thinking on diagnostic approaches was shared; ESPEN suggested a grading approach that could encompass various types of signs, symptoms and etiologies to support diagnosis...
December 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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