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Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151280/oral-nutritional-supplementation-in-patients-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis-a-randomised-crossover-pilot-study
#1
Karen M Salamon, Kelly Lambert
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a significant problem in those undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Factors such as gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and the need for a fluid reduced diet can limit tolerance and thereby the efficacy of oral nutritional supplements to treat malnutrition. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the acceptability and impact of two different forms of oral nutrition supplementation for 16 weeks on nutritional markers and quality of life of malnourished patients undergoing PD...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136495/agreement-between-the-methods-subjective-global-nutritional-assessment-and-the-nutritional-assessment-of-the-world-health-organization
#2
Fabiana S Pimenta, Cássia M Oliveira, Wallisen T Hattori, Kely R Teixeira
OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement between the results of the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment questionnaire, adapted for children and adolescents of the Brazilian population, and the nutritional status assessment method through growth curves and the classification of the World Health Organization in a pediatric hospital service. METHODS: This was an analytical, quantitative, cross-sectional study. During the data collection period, the nutritional status of all patients from 0 to 12 years of age, admitted to the pediatric unit of a university hospital, was concomitantly assessed according to the Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment and World Health Organization curves...
November 11, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136094/effects-of-multidomain-lifestyle-intervention-omega-3-supplementation-or-their-combination-on-physical-activity-levels-in-older-adults-secondary-analysis-of-the-multidomain-alzheimer-preventive-trial-mapt-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Matteo Cesari, Charlotte Dupuy, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
Background/objectives: to investigate the effects of a 3-year multidomain lifestyle intervention, omega-3 supplementation or both on physical activity (PA) in older adults with subjective memory complaints. Design/settings/subjects: the Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial was a 3-year randomised controlled trial that enroled 1,680 community-dwelling adults aged 70 years or over, with subjective memory complaints. Participants were randomised to omega-3 supplementation (total daily dose of 800 mg docosahexanoic acid and up to 225 mg eicosapentanoic acid), multidomain intervention (nutritional and exercise counselling and cognitive training), omega-3 plus multidomain intervention or placebo with usual care...
November 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133331/malnutrition-and-its-association-with-readmission-and-death-within-7-days-and-8-180-days-postdischarge-in-older-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Yogesh Sharma, Michelle Miller, Billingsley Kaambwa, Rashmi Shahi, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood, Campbell Thompson
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between admission nutritional status and clinical outcomes following hospital discharge is not well established. This study investigated whether older patients' nutritional status at admission predicts unplanned readmission or death in the very early or late periods following hospital discharge. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study prospectively recruited 297 patients ≥60 years old who were presenting to the General Medicine Department of a tertiary care hospital in Australia...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130701/patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-recent-cancer-diagnosis
#5
Mayra Jezabel Vázquez de la Torre, Katja Stein, Edgar Manuel Vásquez Garibay, Miguel Roberto Kumazawa Ichikawa, Rogelio Troyo Sanromán, Alicia Guadalupe Salcedo Flores, Fernando Antonio Sánchez Zubieta
BACKGROUND: The subjective global assessment (SGA) is a simple, sensitive tool used to identify nutritional risk. It is widely used in the adult population, but there is little evidence on its effectiveness in children with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study was undertaken to demonstrate significant correlation between a simplified version of the Patient-Generated SGA (PG-SGA) and anthropometric assessment to identify nutritional status in children recently diagnosed with cancer...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130698/preoperative-metabolic-status-is-associated-with-different-evolution-of-resting-energy-expenditure-after-liver-transplant-in-adults
#6
Ana Brito-Costa, Luís Pereira-da-Silva, Ana Luisa Papoila, Marta Alves, Élia Mateus, Fernando Nolasco, Eduardo Barroso
INTRODUCTION: The resting energy expenditure (REE) evolution after liver transplantation is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To assess longitudinally the REE evolution in adults undergoing liver transplantation, in association with other nutritional measurements that characterize the metabolic profile. METHODS: A single-center cohort of consecutive end-stage liver disease patients with indication for liver transplantation was recruited. REE, subjective global assessment (SGA), handgrip strength and body composition measurements were assessed before transplantation (T0) and at median nine (T1) and 36 (T2) days after transplantation...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113907/assessing-the-prevalence-of-protein-energy-wasting-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-cross-sectional-monocentric-study
#7
Rajaa Essadik, Rajaa Msaad, Halima Lebrazi, Hassan Taki, El Hassane Tahri, Anass Kettani, Ghizlane Madkouri, Benyounes Ramdani, Rachid Saïle
INTRODUCTION: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is a strong predictive factor for morbidity and mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, there is no consensus for its assessment. The present study aimed to assess the nutritional status of patients on chronic HD by use of different nutritional assessment parameters, and at verifying which can identify the greatest number of HD patients with PEW. Also, to investigate predictors of nutritional status in a haemodialysis center in Morocco...
November 4, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102322/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-criterion-validity-of-nutrition-assessment-tools-for-diagnosing-protein-energy-malnutrition-in-the-older-community-setting-the-macro-study
#8
Skye Marshall, Dana Craven, Jaimon Kelly, Elizabeth Isenring
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is a significant barrier to healthy and independent ageing in older adults who live in their own homes, and accurate diagnosis is a key step in managing the condition. However, there has not been sufficient systematic review or pooling of existing data regarding malnutrition diagnosis in the geriatric community setting. The current paper was conducted as part of the MACRo (Malnutrition in the Ageing Community Review) Study and seeks to determine the criterion (concurrent and predictive) validity and reliability of nutrition assessment tools in making a diagnosis of protein-energy malnutrition in the general older adult community...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099098/c%C3%A3-ncer-del-tracto-digestivo-asociaci%C3%A3-n-entre-el-estado-nutricional-y-la-capacidad-funcional
#9
Elizabeth Pérez-Cruz, Christian Patricio Camacho-Limas
Objective: To determine the nutritional status and its association with functional capacity in patients with digestive tract cancer. Methods: We retrospectively studied all adult patients hospitalized who were diagnosed as having a cancer of the digestive tract. Nutritional status and functional capacity were assessed. Descriptive statistic and odds ratio were used to determine the association in SPSS 14.0. Results: 57 patients were included, 96% had weight loss...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095278/the-additional-benefit-of-weighted-subjective-global-assessment-sga-for-the-predictability-of-mortality-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-prospective-study
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Taeyoung Yun, Ye Eun Ko, Seung-Jung Kim, Duk-Hee Kang, Kyu Bok Choi, Hyung Jung Oh, Dong-Ryeol Ryu
Although subjective global assessment (SGA) is a widely used tool for nutritional investigation, the scores are dependent on the inspectors' subjective opinions, and there are only few studies that directly assessed the usefulness of SGA and modified SGA in incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. A total of 365 incident PD patients between 2009 and 2015 were enrolled and measured with SGA and calculated using serum albumin and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) levels for weighted SGA. Cox analyses were performed to delineate the association between SGA or weighted SGA and all-cause mortality, and a receiver-operating characteristic was conducted to reveal the additional benefit of weighted SGA on predicting adverse clinical outcomes...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049040/the-relationship-between-nutritional-risks-and-cancer-related-fatigue-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-fast-track-surgery
#11
Jian-Ning Wei, Shu-Xia Li
BACKGROUND: Measurement of cancer-related fatigue and nutrition in the same colorectal cancer patient group using fast-track surgery has never been examined previously. The association between fatigue and nutritional status in the same patient group is thus worthwhile to be investigated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between fatigue and nutrition risk factors in colorectal cancer patients with fast-track surgery. METHODS: This is a single-arm, observational study...
October 18, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042762/assessing-the-nutritional-status-of-hospitalized-elderly
#12
REVIEW
Nur Adilah Shuhada Abd Aziz, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng, Mohd Ramadan Abdul Hamid, Nazrul Hadi Ismail
PURPOSE: The increasing number of elderly people worldwide throughout the years is concerning due to the health problems often faced by this population. This review aims to summarize the nutritional status among hospitalized elderly and the role of the nutritional assessment tools in this issue. METHODS: A literature search was performed on six databases using the terms "malnutrition", "hospitalised elderly", "nutritional assessment", "Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)", "Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI)", and "Subjective Global Assessment (SGA)"...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022211/subjective-global-nutritional-assessment-a-reliable-screening-tool-for-nutritional-assessment-in-cerebral-palsy-children
#13
Priyanka Minocha, Sadasivan Sitaraman, Anita Choudhary, Rajiv Yadav
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of undernutrition in children with cerebral palsy and to compare subjective and objective methods of nutritional assessment. METHODS: This was a hospital based analytical observational study in which 180 children of cerebral palsy, aged 1-12 y, attending tertiary level hospital, Jaipur from March, 2012 through March, 2013 were included. Subjective assessment was done by questionnaire (Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment; SGNA) in which questions related to nutrition history and physical examination, signs of fat, muscle wasting and edema was done while objective assessment was done by weight, height and triceps skinfold thickness (TSFT) measurements...
October 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019951/chemotherapy-related-toxicity-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-precachectic-oncologic-patients-with-or-without-high-protein-nutritional-support-a-prospective-randomized-study
#14
Monika Ziętarska, Joanna Krawczyk-Lipiec, Leszek Kraj, Renata Zaucha, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: Cancer disease is usually associated with impaired nutritional status, which is one of the factors contributing to deterioration of the results of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether nutritional support with high protein (ONS) in adult oncologic patients in the first step of cancer cachexia-asymptomatic precachexia, has an influence on the toxicity of systemic therapy. However, secondary endpoints were established: to determine whether high protein ONS influences the nutritional status, the quality of life, and the performance status...
October 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019578/nutritional-assessment-methods-as-predictors-of-postoperative-mortality-in-gastric-cancer-patients-submitted-to-gastrectomy
#15
Aline Kirjner Poziomyck, Leandro Totti Cavazzola, Luisa Jussara Coelho, Edson Braga Lameu, Antonio Carlos Weston, Luis Fernando Moreira
OBJECTIVES: to determine the nutritional evaluation method that best predicts mortality in 90 days of patients submitted to gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: we conducted a prospective study with 44 patients with gastric cancer, stages II to IIIa, of whom nine were submitted to partial gastrectomy, 34 to total gastrectomy, and one to esophago-gastrectomy. All patients were nutritionally evaluated through the same protocol, up to 72h after hospital admission...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019332/pre-treatment-nutritional-status-and-radiotherapy-outcome-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancers
#16
Amit Bahl, Arun Elangovan, Satinder Kaur, Rosahn Verman, Arun Singh Oinam, Sushmita Ghoshal, Naresh K Panda
AIM: Poor oral intake and associated nutritional depletion can affect treatment outcome in locally advanced head and neck cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pre radiotherapy nutritional status as a predictor for response to radiotherapy treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients of locally advanced head and neck cancers undergoing radical chemoradiotherapy were evaluated in this prospective analysis. Patients were treated with definitive radiotherapy to a total dose of 60-70 Gy along with concurrent chemotherapy with injection Cisplatin 100mg/m2 delivered three weekly...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981652/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#17
María José Casanova, Maria Chaparro, Begoña Molina, Olga Merino, Ricardo Batanero, Carmen Dueñas-Sadornil, Pilar Robledo, Ana María Garcia-Albert, Maria Bienvenida Gómez-Sánchez, Xavier Calvet, Maria Del Roser Trallero, Miguel Montoro, Iria Vázquez, Mara Charro, Amaya Barragán, Francisco Martínez-Cerezo, Isabel Megias-Rangil, José María Huguet, Ezequiel Marti-Bonmati, Marta Calvo, Mariana Campderá, Margarita Muñoz-Vicente, Angel Merchante, Ansel David Ávila, Pilar Serrano-Aguayo, Ruth De Francisco, Daniel Hervías, Luis Bujanda, Gloria Esther Rodriguez, Luisa Castro-Laria, Manuel Barreiro-de Acosta, Manuel Van Domselaar, Patricia Ramirez de la Piscina, Javier Santos-Fernández, Alicia Algaba, Sandra Torra, Liliana Pozzati, Pilar López-Serrano, Maria Del Rosario Arribas, Maria Luisa Rincón, Andrés Camilo Peláez, Elena Castro, Antonio García-Herola, Cecilio Santander, Moisés Hernández-Alonso, Elisa Martín-Noguerol, María Gómez-Lozano, Tamara Monedero, Albert Villoria, Ariadna Figuerola, Andrés Castaño-García, Jesús M Banales, Laura Díaz-Hernández, Federico Argüelles-Arias, Javier López-Díaz, Isabel Pérez-Martínez, Noelia García-Talavera, Olivia Karina Nuevo-Siguairo, Sabino Riestra, Javier P Gisbert
Aims: This study sought to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, to analyse the dietary beliefs and behaviours of these patients, to study their body composition, to evaluate their muscular strength and to identify the factors associated with malnutrition in these patients. Methods: This was a prospective, multicentre study. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients from 30 Spanish centres, from the outpatient clinics, were included...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977291/the-nutritional-status-of-hospitalized-children-and-adolescents-a-comparison-between-two-nutritional-assessment-tools-with-anthropometric-parameters
#18
Thaynara Cristina de Oliveira, Izabela Zibetti de Albuquerque, Maria Luiza Ferreira Stringhini, Andrea Sugai Mortoza, Bruna Alves de Morais
OBJECTIVE: Verify the association between anthropometric indicators and the Subjective Global Assessment of Nutritional Status (SGA) and the Screening of Risk for Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGkids) scales. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with patients from 0 to 18 years admitted in the Hospital das Clínicas, Goiânia (GO), between August and November 2015. Children and adolescents admitted in up to 48 hours were included. Patients who required specific instruments for assessing their nutritional status and those hospitalized in Intensive Care were excluded...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952790/predictors-of-nutritional-risk-according-to-nrs-2002-and-calf-circumference-in-hospitalized-older-adults-with-neoplasms
#19
Vania Aparecida Leandro-Merhi, José Luis Braga de Aquino, Leonardo Oliveira Reis
OBJECTIVES: To investigate nutritional markers that better predict nutritional risk according to the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS-2002), to verify agreement between indicators, and to identify the calf circumference cut-off point for diagnosing nutritional risk. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with older patients hospitalized for neoplasms. The nutritional risk was assessed by NRS-2002 and the nutritional status by Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA long form), calf circumference (CC), and body mass index (BMI)...
September 27, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944596/diet-quality-in-patients-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-undergoing-dialysis
#20
Lauren A Roach, Kelly Lambert, Jane L Holt, Barbara J Meyer
BACKGROUND: People on haemodialysis (HD) are at risk of consuming a poor quality diet. This includes inadequate intake of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA). OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate diet quality, with a particular focus on n-3 LCPUFA intake, in a population of incentre HD patients. DESIGN: Dietary intake was measured using three 24 hour recalls; the Polyunsaturated food frequency questionnaire (PUFA FFQ) and the Total Diet Score (TDS)...
December 2017: Journal of Renal Care
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