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Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421797/malnutrition-in-hospitalized-patients-results-from-la-rioja
#1
Ángela Martín Palmero, Andra Serrano Pérez, Mª José Chinchetru Ranedo, Alejandro Cámara Balda, Mª Ángeles Martínez de Salinas Santamarí, Gonzalo Villar García, Mª Del Mar Marín Lizárraga
BACKGROUND: There is a high malnutrition prevalence in hospitalized patients. AIM: To determine the malnutrition prevalence in hospitalized patients of La Rioja Community (Spain) when evaluated with different screening/ evaluation tools and its relationship with hospital stay and mortality. METHODS: Cross sectional observational study of hospitalized adult patients (age > 18 years old) from medical and surgical departments that underwent within 72 h of their admission a nutritional screening with Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS) 2002, Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) y Subjective Global Assessment (SGA)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421777/quality-control-of-enteral-nutrition-therapy-in-cancer-patients-at-nutritional-risk
#2
Ariana Lee, Ronaldo Sousa Oliveira Filho, Thais De Campos Cardenas, Gislaine Aparecida Ozório, Juliana Pereira Lima Gropp, Dan Linetzky Waitzberg
INTRODUCTION: Quality indicators in nutritional therapy (QINTs) allow for the practical assessment of quality in the management of enteral nutrition therapy (ENT) among hospitalized patients. OBJECTIVE: To control ENT quality in cancer patients at nutritional risk. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was performed with cancer patients over 19 years of age who had undergone exclusive ENT for at least 72 h. Nutritional Risk Screening was used to assess nutritional risk; in the presence of nutritional risk, the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) was used...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407463/number-of-existing-permanent-teeth-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-elderly-korean-population
#3
Hye-Sun Shin
Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the association between the number of existing permanent teeth and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a representative sample of the elderly Korean population. Methods: A total of 2,519 subjects who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were cross-sectionally examined. The number of existing permanent teeth was evaluated by clinical oral examination. CKD was defined based on definition and classification by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2012 guidelines...
April 14, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406753/assessing-the-effect-of-preoperative-nutrition-on-upper-body-function-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-elective-abdominal-surgery
#4
Tarifin Sikder, Geva Maimon, Nadia Sourial, Mehdi Tahiri, Debby Teasdale, Paule Bernier, Shannon A Fraser, Sebastian Demyttenaere, Simon Bergman
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition among elderly surgical patients has been associated with poor postoperative outcomes and reduced functional status. Although previous studies have shown that nutrition contributes to patient outcomes, its long-term impact on functional status requires better characterization. This study examines the effect of nutrition on postoperative upper body function over time in elderly patients undergoing elective surgery. METHODS: This is a 2-year prospective study of elderly patients (≥70 years) undergoing elective abdominal surgery...
April 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394643/metabolic-effects-of-aspartame-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#5
Natalia Cardoso Santos, Laiza Magalhaes de Araujo, Graziela De Luca Canto, Eliete Neves Silva Guerra, Michella Soares Coelho, Maria de Fatima Borin
BACKGROUND: Data about harms or benefits associated with the consumption of aspartame, a non-nutritive sweetener worldwide consumed, is still controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials aimed to assess the effect of aspartame consumption on metabolic parameters related to diabetes and obesity. METHODS: The search was performed on Cochrane, LILACS, PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science databases and on a grey literature using Open Grey, Google Scholar and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global...
April 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392164/relationship-of-nutritional-status-and-oral-health-in-elderly-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#6
Mirian Paola Toniazzo, Paula de Sant'Ana Amorim, Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Patricia Weidlich
This systematic review aimed to compare the nutritional status and oral health in older adults individuals. Three databases (Medline-Pubmed, Scopus and EMBASE) were searched up to October 28th 2016 for studies that performed the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) or the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and an oral examination performed by a dental professional, either dental hygienist or a dentist. Both observational and interventional studies were screened for eligibility. Meta-analyses were performed comparing the malnourished/at risk of malnutrition and the normal nutrition subjects with three oral health parameters (edentulism, use of prosthesis and mean number of present teeth)...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371919/nutritional-assessment-of-elderly-patients-on-dialysis-pitfalls-and-potentials-for-practice
#7
Juliana Rodrigues, Lilian Cuppari, Katrina L Campbell, Carla Maria Avesani
The chronic kidney disease (CKD) population is aging. Currently a high percentage of patients treated on dialysis are older than 65 years. As patients get older, several conditions contribute to the development of malnutrition, namely protein energy wasting (PEW), which may be compounded by nutritional disturbances associated with CKD and from the dialysis procedure. Therefore, elderly patients on dialysis are vulnerable to the development of PEW and awareness of the identification and subsequent management of nutritional status is of importance...
March 22, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367262/an-open-label-evaluator-blinded-study-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-a-new-nutritional-supplement-in-androgenetic-alopecia-a-pilot-study
#8
Anna J Nichols, Olivia Bosshardt Hughes, Agnese Canazza, Martin N Zaiac
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a novel oral supplement, Forti5(®), containing green tea extract, omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, cholecalciferol, melatonin, beta-sitosterol, and soy isoflavones, and in the management of subjects with androgenetic alopecia. Design: A prospective case series of 10 subjects. Setting: Open-label, evaluator-blinded, proof-of-concept study. Participants: Ten adult subjects with androgenetic alopecia completed the study. Subjects were not allowed to use oral or topical hair growth products in the 24 weeks preceding the study or during the study...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365067/the-utility-of-a-phase-angle-analysis-in-patients-with-severe-motor-and-intellectual-disabilities
#9
Motomu Yoshida, Kimio Asagiri, Suguru Fukahori, Yoshiaki Tanaka, Naoki Hashizume, Shinji Ishii, Nobuyuki Saikusa, Naruki Higashidate, Daisuke Masui, Naoko Komatsuzaki, Hirotomo Nakahara, Minoru Yagi, Yushiro Yamashita
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether evaluating the phase angle (PhA), in a bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is useful for estimating the nutritional status of severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 31 SMID patients (mean age: 33.9±13.5years, median age: 29years (range: 18-58years), male/female: 23/8). First, each of the parameters from the total study population and the male and female SMID patients were compared with those of healthy Asian subjects...
March 29, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361753/handgrip-strength-and-weight-predict-long-term-mortality-in-acute-kidney-injury-patients
#10
S P Xavier, C R Goes, M N B Bufarah, A L Balbi, D Ponce
INTRODUCTION: Surviving acute kidney (AKI) patients have a higher late mortality compared with those admitted without AKI. The negative impact of malnutrition on the early outcome of AKI patients has recently been confirmed by various studies. However, its impact after hospital discharge has not been studied. The objective of the study was to determine the role of anthropometric measurements and handgrip strength as predictors of mortality 180 days after discharge. METHODOLOGY: Eighty-two survivors AKI patients who were older than 18 y old and followed by AKI team were prospectively evaluated...
February 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361750/nutritional-status-and-the-performance-of-multiple-bedside-tools-for-nutrition-assessment-among-patients-waiting-for-liver-transplantation-a-canadian-experience
#11
Kaleb J Marr, Abdel-Aziz Shaheen, Louisa Lam, Melanie Stapleton, Kelly Burak, Maitreyi Raman
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality among cirrhotic patients. Our objectives were to assess protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM) in cirrhotic pre-liver transplant patients and to study the correlation between subjective global assessment (SGA) and other objective measures of malnutrition. METHODS: We recruited pre-liver transplant adult patients at our center between October 2012 and Oct 2015. Nutrition status was assessed via SGA...
February 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361744/admission-handgrip-strength-predicts-functional-decline-in-hospitalized-patients
#12
Thiare Olguín, Daniel Bunout, María Pía de la Maza, Gladys Barrera, Sandra Hirsch
PROBLEM: Up to 35% of hospitalized patients may experience functional decline during or after hospitalization. Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and handgrip strength at admission, have been proposed as simple and accessible tools to predict functional decline, but there are few studies in hospitalized patients to confirm these findings. OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of handgrip strength at hospital admission, on functional decline after 30 days. METHODS: 125 non-critical patients hospitalized for medical and surgical conditions, were studied in El Pino hospital in Santiago, Chile...
February 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355769/-changes-in-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-different-diseases-during-hospitalization
#13
H Y Cui, M W Zhu, J M Wei, W Chen, X Yang, S N Zhu
Objective: To evaluate changes in nutritional status of hospitalized patients with different diseases by subjective global assessment (SGA) and nutritional risk screening (NRS-2002). Methods: A prospective and parallel research done by multi-center collaboration from 34 hospitals in China from June to September 2014. Hospitalized patients with the following diseases were investigated: malignant tumor (2 487 cases), benign disease of the digestive system (1 358 cases), benign disease of the nervous system (1 043 cases), benign bone disease (451 cases), benign disease of the respiratory system(395 cases), cardiovascular disease (227 cases), benign thyroid and breast disease (179 cases), and endocrine disease (149 cases)...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353374/prediction-of-poor-short-term-prognosis-and-unmet-needs-in-advanced-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-use-of-the-two-minute-walking-distance-extracted-from-a-six-minute-walk-test
#14
Han-Yee Neo, Hui-Ying Xu, Huei-Yaw Wu, Allyn Hum
OBJECTIVES: Prognostic challenges hinder the identification of patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for timely palliative interventions. We postulate that a two-minute derivative (two-minute walking distance [2MWD]) of a standard six-minute walk test (6MWT) can identify frail subjects with poorer survival for early palliative intervention. The primary outcome of interest is mortality at 18 months. Secondary objectives include evaluation of the relationship between the 2MWD and ability to self-care, dyspnea-related disabilities, nutrition, forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1), quality of life (QoL), and comorbidity burden...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348466/handgrip-strength-as-an-important-bed-side-tool-to-assess-malnutrition-in-patient-with-liver-disease
#15
Praveen Sharma, Abdul Rauf, Abdul Matin, Rachit Agarwal, Pankaj Tyagi, Anil Arora
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is frequently present in patients with cirrhosis. Anthropometric measures such as body mass index (BMI), mid arm muscle circumference (MAMC), triceps skin fold thickness (TST) and subjective global assessment (SGA) have some limitations in assessment of malnutrition. This study aims to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in non-hospitalized cirrhotic and chronic hepatitis patients and to assess handgrip (HG) strength as a tool for identifying malnutrition...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336110/patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-as-a-prognosis-tool-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#16
Hae Su Kim, Ji Yun Lee, Sung Hee Lim, Jaewon Cho, Seok Jin Kim, Jun Ho Jang, Won Seog Kim, Chul Won Jung, Kihyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Disease-related weight loss is relatively common in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM), but limited data exist regarding the effects of nutritional status on survival. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between malnutrition (as measured by Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment [PG-SGA]) and clinical characteristics of patients with MM, and to investigate the association between the PG-SGA score before chemotherapy and overall survival in MM patients...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334893/a-new-score-for-screening-of-malnutrition-in-patients-with-inoperable-gastric-adenocarcinoma
#17
Ali Esfahani, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Mousa Ghayour Nahand, Zahra Fathifar, Akram Doostzadeh, Zohreh Ghoreishi
Background: Malnutrition is common in patients with gastric cancer. Early identification of malnourished patients results in improving quality of life. We aimed to assess the nutritional status of patients with inoperable gastric adenocarcinoma (IGA) and finding a precise malnutrition screening score for these patients before the onset of chemotherapy. Methods: Nutritional status was assessed using patient generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), visceral proteins, and high-sensitivity C reactive protein...
March 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333596/to-create-a-consensus-on-malnutrition-diagnostic-criteria
#18
Tommy Cederholm, Gordon L Jensen
During the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016), representatives of the 4 largest global parenteral and enteral nutrition (PEN) societies from Europe (ESPEN), the United States (American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [ASPEN]), Asia (Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Asia [PENSA]), and Latin America (Latin American Federation of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [FELANPE]) and from national PEN societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, Texas (February 2016)...
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332268/comparison-between-direct-and-indirect-methods-to-diagnosis-of-malnutrition-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-haemodialysis-patients
#19
K P Balbino, A P S Epifânio, S M R Ribeiro, L D M da Silva, M G Gouvea, H H M Hermsdorff
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the nutritional status of patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD) by comparing nutritional risk scores with biochemical, anthropometric and body composition variables. METHODS: Eighty-five individuals [65.9% male, mean (SD) age 62 (14) years] participated in a cross-sectional study. Global Objective Assessment (GOA) and Modified Global Subjective Assessment (mGSA) scores, as well as biochemical, anthropometric and body composition data, were collected using standardised procedures...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330627/nutritional-assessment-score-a-new-tool-derived-from-subjective-global-assessment-for-hospitalized-adults
#20
Jaqueline da Silva Fink, Elza Daniel de Mello, Mariur Gomes Beghetto, Vivian Cristine Luft, Stela Maris de Jezus Castro, Paula Daniel de Mello
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is no method to be used as a reference standard for nutritional assessment. This study aims to develop and verify the performance of a new tool, based on the Item Response Theory (IRT), from the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) questionnaire, in hospitalized adult patients. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study, composed by secondary database, formed by patients included from October 2005 to June 2006. The new tool presented was developed through the usage of cumulative models from the IRT...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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