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Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937972/a-risk-factor-analysis-of-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-diseases-in-a-chinese-population
#1
Ye Li, Xiang Fang, Wei-Gang Zhao, Yan Chen, Shi-Lian Hu
BACKGROUND This study analyzed the risk factors of cognitive impairment (CI) in elderly patients with chronic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS In total of 385 elderly patients with chronic diseases were selected and assigned into CI and normal groups. The activities of daily living (ADL), global deterioration scale (GDS), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), and mini nutritional assessment (MNA) were performed to analyze the differences between the 2 groups...
September 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927404/food-intake-patterns-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-japanese-adults-analyses-from-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#2
Nay Chi Htun, Hitomi Suga, Shino Imai, Wakana Shimizu, Hidemi Takimoto
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global interest in the role of Japanese diet as a possible explanation for the nation's healthy diet, which contributes to the world's highest life-expectancy enjoyed in Japan. However, nationwide studies on current food intake status among general Japanese population have not been established yet. This study examined the association between food intake patterns and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) such as waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (SBP, DBP), HbA1c and blood lipid profiles among general Japanese adults...
September 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918167/different-nutritional-assessment-tools-as-predictors-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-cancer-resection
#3
Sílvia Fernandes Maurício, Jingjie Xiao, Carla M Prado, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition in patients with colorectal cancer contributes to increased postoperative complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of several nutritional assessment parameters: body mass index versus percentage of weight loss grading system (BMI/%WL); Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA); standardized phase angle (SPA) by BIA; muscle strength by handgrip strength; muscle mass by computerized tomography; and the combination of muscle mass and strength in patients undergoing resection surgery...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917223/validity-of-the-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-must-in-australian-hospitalized-acutely-unwell-elderly-patients
#4
Yogesh Sharma, Campbell Thompson, Billingsley Kaambwa, Rashmi Shahi, Michelle Miller
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study validated the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) for nutritional screening in acutely unwell elderly patients against a reference assessment tool - Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and thirty two acutely admitted general medical patients contributed data for this study. In addition to performance of MUST and PG-SGA the following nutritional parameters were measured: weight loss >5% in previous 3-6 months, handgrip strength, triceps skinfold thickness, Mid-arm circumference, Mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916577/evaluation-of-nutrition-interventions-in-children-in-conflict-zones-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Grace J Carroll, Sonam D Lama, Josefa L Martinez-Brockman, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
Food and nutrition insecurity becomes increasingly worse in areas affected by armed conflict. Children affected by conflict, or in war-torn settings, face a disproportionate burden of malnutrition and poor health outcomes. As noted by humanitarian response reviews, there is a need for a stronger evidence-based response to humanitarian crises. To achieve this, we systematically searched and evaluated existing nutrition interventions carried out in conflict settings that assessed their impact on children's nutrition status...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901709/exploring-subjectivity-in-competency-based-assessment-judgements-of-assessors
#6
Rachel Bacon, Kay Holmes, Claire Palermo
AIM: The aim of this research was to measure variations in assessors' judgements of a student dietitian's performance and to explore the influence of group discussion on their judgements. METHODS: The assessments of a student's performance, as observed from a video recording of an authentic nutrition consultation, were measured pre- and post-group discussion by 26 experienced assessors using a mixed-methods questionnaire. The instrument included a validated 7-point visual analogue scale (VAS) rating (1 = novice; 7 = competent), a qualitative global description of performance and an assessor's confidence rating (1 = not at all confident; 10 = extremely confident)...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895536/impact-of-kitchen-organization-on-oral-intake-of-malnourished-inpatients-a-two-center-study
#7
Alicia Calleja-Fernández, Cristina Velasco-Gimeno, Alfonso Vidal-Casariego, Begoña Pintor-de-la-Maza, Laura Frías-Soriano, Rocío Villar-Taibo, Pilar García-Peris, Isidoro Cano-Rodríguez, Camino García-Fernández, María D Ballesteros-Pomar
AIM: To determine the impact of the type of hospital kitchen on the dietary intake of patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional, two-centre study, of cooking in a traditional kitchen (TK) and in a chilled kitchen (CK). Subjective global assessment (SGA) was used for nutritional diagnosis. Before study start, a dietician performed a nutritional assessment of the menus of each hospital. All dishes were weighed upon arrival to the ward and at the end of the meal. RESULTS: 201 and 41 patients from the centres with TK and CK respectively were evaluated...
October 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862219/assessment-of-nutritional-status-using-abridged-scored-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-in-cancer-patient
#8
Simin Shahvazi, Shokouh Onvani, Marziyeh Heydari, Valiollah Mehrzad, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Hosseyn Fallahzadeh
CONTEXT: Malnutrition is a common problem among cancer patients, usually occurs due to poor appetite, low food intake, and changes in body metabolism. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients receiving chemotherapy on an outpatient basis. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study conducted on 300 cancer patients referred to hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The prevalence of malnutrition among patients was assessed using the abridged scored patient-generated subjective global assessment (abPG-SGA) standard questionnaire...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856568/nutritional-status-using-subjective-global-assessment-independently-predicts-outcome-of-patients-waiting-for-living-donor-liver-transplant
#9
Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Narendra Singh Choudhary, Neeraj Saraf, Sanjiv Saigal, Sanjay Goja, Amit Rastogi, Prashant Bhangui, A S Soin
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is an important risk factor for adverse outcomes in patients awaiting liver transplant. Living donor liver transplant, being an elective procedure, allows nutritional rehabilitation and optimization of these patients before transplant. AIM: This paper aimed to evaluate the outcome of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) patients with various degrees of malnutrition waiting for living donor liver transplant. METHODS: Nutritional status was assessed using subjective global assessment (SGA) in patients who were evaluated for a liver transplant at our center from January 2015 to September 2015...
August 31, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841885/current-clinical-nutrition-practices-in-critically-ill-patients-in-latin-america-a-multinational-observational-study
#10
Karin Papapietro Vallejo, Carolina Méndez Martínez, Alfredo A Matos Adames, Vanessa Fuchs-Tarlovsky, Guillermo Carlos Contreras Nogales, Roger Enrique Riofrio Paz, Mario Ignacio Perman, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia, Dan Linetzky Waitzberg
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in critically ill adults in the intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with a significantly elevated risk of mortality. Adequate nutrition therapy is crucial to optimise outcomes. Currently, there is a paucity of such data in Latin America. Our aims were to characterise current clinical nutrition practices in the ICU setting in Latin America and evaluate whether current practices meet caloric and protein requirements in critically ill patients receiving nutrition therapy...
August 25, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831332/development-of-a-universal-nutritional-screening-platform-for-plastic-surgery-patients
#11
Melissa Roy, Paul Hunter, Julie A Perry, Karen M Cross
Plastic surgeons routinely see patients with complex or chronic wounds of all etiology. In a previous study, we found that up to 1 in 4 of these patients is at risk for malnutrition, which may be influencing their ability to heal. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a universal screening protocol that would be fast and accurate and allow for effective intervention and optimization of nutrition before plastic surgery. METHODS: To accomplish these goals, we adopted a 2-part screening algorithm using the Canadian Nutritional Screening Tool (CNST) to triage patients in our outpatient clinics and then further screened those identified as being at risk using the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) tool and blood work...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831248/hand-grip-strength-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-korea-an-analysis-in-knhanes-vi
#12
Su Hwan Lee, Soo Jung Kim, Yeji Han, Yon Ju Ryu, Jin Hwa Lee, Jung Hyun Chang
BACKGROUND: Muscle mass is known to be associated with mortality in elderly adults. Because hand grip strength (HGS) is known as a simple assessment tool for muscular strength, many researchers have studied the association between HGS and disease. However, empirical evidence for the relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and HGS is still controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between COPD and HGS, using Korean population data. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional study...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813205/combining-2-commonly-adopted-nutrition-instruments-in-the-critical-care-setting-is-superior-to-administering-either-one-alone
#13
Charles Chin Han Lew, Ka Po Cheung, Mary Foong Fong Chong, Ai Ping Chua, Robert J L Fraser, Michelle Miller
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the agreement between the modified Nutrition Risk in Critically ill Score (mNUTRIC) and the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and compare their ability in discriminating and quantifying mortality risk independently and in combination. METHODS: Between August 2015 and October 2016, all patients in a Singaporean hospital received the SGA within 48 hours of intensive care unit admission. Nutrition status was dichotomized into presence or absence of malnutrition...
August 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804497/subjective-global-assessment-and-handgrip-strength-as-predictive-factors-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#14
Maria Ciocîrlan, Andreea Ruxandra Cazan, Mihaela Barbu, Mircea Mănuc, Mircea Diculescu, Mihai Ciocîrlan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with chronic liver disease. We aimed to evaluate malnutrition assessment tools in predicting severity and survival of patients with liver cirrhosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We examined patients with liver cirrhosis. Nutritional evaluation was performed on admission, using subjective global assessment (SGA), handgrip strength (HGS), and anthropometry. Patients were followed up for 6 months. RESULTS: We included 100 patients, 72 men, with mean age of 59...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802290/postoperative-oral-nutritional-supplementation-after-major-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Seong-Ho Kong, Jun Seok Park, In Kyu Lee, Seung-Wan Ryu, Young-Kyu Park, Han-Kwang Yang, Sang-Uk Han, Ki-Young Yoon, Seung-Yong Jeong, Mi Ran Jeong, Dae Wook Hwang, Yun-Suhk Suh, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Kyung Won Seo, Ji Won Park, Chul-Su Byun, Hoon Hur, Hojeong Won, Yunhee Choi, Hyuk-Joon Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of post-operative oral nutrition supplementation after major gastrointestinal surgery. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate 174 subjects who were discharged within 2 weeks after major gastrointestinal surgery. The subjects in the study group were prescribed 400 ml/day of Encover® from the day of discharge for 8 weeks, but no supplementation was allowed in the control group...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792014/applicability-of-the-direct-parameters-of-bioelectrical-impedance-in-assessing-nutritional-status-and-surgical-complications-of-women-with-gynecological-cancer
#16
I C R Cardoso, M A Aredes, G V Chaves
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) has been considered a promising technique in monitoring the nutritional and hydration status of patients with different types of diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the nutritional status provided by direct parameters of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), BIVA and phase angle (PA), in patients with cervical and endometrial cancer undergoing surgical treatment, associating to other parameters of nutritional status and surgical outcomes...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775001/characterization-and-correction-of-olfactory-deficits-in-kidney-disease
#17
Sagar U Nigwekar, Jeremy M Weiser, Sahir Kalim, Dihua Xu, Joshua L Wibecan, Sarah M Dougherty, Laurence Mercier-Lafond, Kristin M Corapi, Nwamaka D Eneanya, Eric H Holbrook, Dennis Brown, Ravi I Thadhani, Teodor G Păunescu
Patients with CKD suffer from food aversion, anorexia, and malnutrition. Although olfaction has a significant role in determining food flavor, our understanding of olfactory impairment and of the olfaction-nutrition axis in patients with kidney disease is limited. We quantified odor identification, odor threshold, and subjective odor perception in a cohort (n=161) comprising 36 participants with CKD, 100 participants with ESRD, and 25 controls. We investigated olfaction-nutrition associations in these participants and examined a novel intervention to improve olfaction in ESRD...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767339/assessing-gut-microbiota-perturbations-during-the-early-phase-of-infectious-diarrhea-in-vietnamese-children
#18
Hao Chung The, Paola Florez de Sessions, Song Jie, Duy Pham Thanh, Corinne N Thompson, Chau Nguyen Ngoc Minh, Collins Wenhan Chu, Tuan-Anh Tran, Nicholas R Thomson, Guy E Thwaites, Maia A Rabaa, Martin Hibberd, Stephen Baker
Diarrheal diseases remain the second most common cause of mortality in young children in developing countries. Efforts have been made to explore the impact of diarrhea on bacterial communities in the human gut, but a thorough understanding has been impeded by inadequate resolution in bacterial identification and the examination of only few etiological agents. Here, by profiling an extended region of the 16S rRNA gene in the fecal microbiome, we aimed to elucidate the nature of gut microbiome perturbations during the early phase of infectious diarrhea caused by various etiological agents in Vietnamese children...
August 2, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761229/impact-of-malnutrition-inflammation-and-atherosclerosis-on-the-outcome-in-hemodialysis-patients
#19
B B Kirushnan, B Subba Rao, R Annigeri, S Balasubramanian, R Seshadri, K C Prakash, V Vivek
Malnutrition, inflammation, and atherosclerosis are significant problems in patients on hemodialysis. A prospective, observational study in 100 hemodialysis patients for 2 years was conducted. The primary outcomes were hospitalizations and mortality at the end of 2 years. The mean age was 61 ± 11.3 years and 69% were male. Seven patients did not complete the study (five underwent transplant and two were shifted to other units). Serum albumin was significantly lower in malnourished patients at 6 months from the beginning of the study period (3...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755901/protein-energy-wasting-syndrome-in-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-prevalence-and-specific-clinical-characteristics
#20
Almudena Pérez-Torres, M Elena González Garcia, Belén San José-Valiente, M Auxiliadora Bajo Rubio, Olga Celadilla Diez, Ana M López-Sobaler, Rafael Selgas
INTRODUCTION: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is associated with increased mortality and differs depending on the chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage and the dialysis technique. The prevalence in non-dialysis patients is understudied and ranges from 0 to 40.8%. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional status of a group of Spanish advanced CKD patients by PEW criteria and subjective global assessment (SGA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 186 patients (101 men) with a mean age of 66...
July 26, 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
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