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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146160/posterolateral-corner-injuries-of-the-knee-at-the-national-football-league-combine-an-imaging-and-outcomes-analysis
#1
Jorge Chahla, Nicholas I Kennedy, Mark E Cinque, George Sanchez, Catherine Logan, Bryan G Vopat, Brendin Beaulieu-Jones, Mark Price, Jim Whalen, Robert F LaPrade, Matthew T Provencher
PURPOSE: (1) To determine the epidemiology, examination findings, imaging findings, and associated injuries of posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries in players participating in the National Football League (NFL) Combine and (2) to evaluate the impact of PLC injuries on performance compared with matched controls. METHODS: All PLC injuries identified at the NFL Combine between 2009 and 2015 were reviewed. The inclusion criteria were any player who had clinical findings or a previous surgical procedure consistent with a PLC injury and who participated in medical and performance testing at the NFL Combine...
November 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132263/movement-pattern-and-physiological-response-in-recreational-small-sided-football-effect-of-number-of-players-with-a-fixed-pitch-size
#2
Morten B Randers, Christina Ørntoft, Marie Hagman, Jens J Nielsen, Peter Krustrup
Recreational soccer is an effective health-promoting activity, but it is unclear how different game formats influence internal and external load. Thus, to be able to advise how to maximise the outcome of recreational football, we examined movement pattern and physiological response in 11 untrained men (32.6 ± 6.7 yrs, 23.3 ± 4.9 fat%, 43.4 ± 5.3 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1)) during three football sessions comprising 4 × 12 min of 3v3, 5v5 or 7v7 with a constant pitch size of 20 × 40 m. Movement pattern, heart rate (HR), blood lactate and RPE were measured during and after the 12-min periods...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125029/match-derived-relative-pitch-area-changes-the-physical-and-team-tactical-performance-of-elite-soccer-players-in-small-sided-soccer-games
#3
Sigrid B H Olthof, Wouter G P Frencken, Koen A P M Lemmink
Small-sided games (SSGs) are used in training sessions to prepare for full-sized matches. For the same number of players, smaller pitch sizes result in decreased physical performance and shorter interpersonal distances. A relative pitch area derived from the full-sized match results in larger pitch sizes and this may increase the fit between SSGs and full-sized matches. This study aimed to investigate SSGs with a traditional small pitch and a match-derived relative pitch area in youth elite soccer players. Four age categories (under-13, under-15, under-17 and under-19) played 4 vs...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119246/skeletal-muscle-and-performance-adaptations-to-high-intensity-training-in-elite-male-soccer-players-speed-endurance-runs-versus-small-sided-game-training
#4
Dan Fransson, Tobias Schmidt Nielsen, Karl Olsson, Tobias Christensson, Paul S Bradley, Ioannis G Fatouros, Peter Krustrup, Nikolai Baastrup Nordsborg, Magni Mohr
PURPOSE: To examine the skeletal muscle and performance responses across two different exercise training modalities which are highly applied in soccer training. METHODS: Using an RCT design, 39 well-trained male soccer players were randomized into either a speed endurance training (SET; n = 21) or a small-sided game group (SSG; n = 18). Over 4 weeks, thrice weekly, SET performed 6-10 × 30-s all-out runs with 3-min recovery, while SSG completed 2 × 7-9-min small-sided games with 2-min recovery...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072025/does-small-sided-games-training-improve-physical-fitness-and-specific-skills-for-team-sports-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
Amri Hammami, Tim J Gabbett, Maamer Slimani, Ezdine Bouhlel
INTRODUCTION: This paper aimed to systematically review and meta-analyse the training effects of small-sided games (SSG) on physical fitness and specific skills related to team sport according to the level of play and the period of the season. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The search covered the following electronic databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect). The publications' search period ranged from 2000 to 2016. The terms (small- sided game, training, skill-based game, aerobic fitness, sprint, agility, jump and team sports) were used either singularly or combined in a systematic sequence...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016675/effect-of-small-sided-team-sport-training-and-protein-intake-on-muscle-mass-physical-function-and-markers-of-health-in-older-untrained-adults-a-randomized-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jacob Vorup, Mogens Theisen Pedersen, Lena Kirchner Brahe, Pia Sandfeld Melcher, Joachim Meno Alstrøm, Jens Bangsbo
The effect of small-sided team sport training and protein intake on muscle mass, physical function, and adaptations important for health in untrained older adults was examined. Forty-eight untrained older (72±6 (±standard deviation, SD) years men and women were divided into either a team sport group ingesting a drink high in protein (18 g) immediately and 3 h after each training session (TS-HP, n = 13), a team sport group ingesting an isocaloric drink with low protein content (3 g; TS-LP, n = 18), or a control group continuing their normal activities (CON, n = 17)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983273/mental-fatigue-and-spatial-references-impair-soccer-players-physical-and-tactical-performances
#7
Diogo Coutinho, Bruno Gonçalves, Bruno Travassos, Del P Wong, Aaron J Coutts, Jaime E Sampaio
This study examined the effects of mental fatigue and additional corridor and pitch sector lines on players' physical and tactical performances during soccer small-sided games. Twelve youth players performed four Gk+6vs6+Gk small-sided games. Prior to the game, one team performed a motor coordination task to induce mental fatigue, while the other one performed a control task. A repeated measures design allowed to compare players' performances across four conditions: (a) with mental fatigue against opponents without mental fatigue in a normal pitch (MEN), (b) with mental fatigue on a pitch with additional reference lines (#MEN); (c) without mental fatigue against mentally fatigued opponents on a normal pitch (CTR); and (d) without mental fatigue on a pitch with reference lines (#CTR)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952828/locomotor-and-heart-rate-responses-of-floaters-during-small-sided-games-in-elite-soccer-players-effect-of-pitch-size-and-inclusion-of-goal-keepers
#8
Mathieu Lacome, Ben M Simpson, Yannick Cholley, Martin Buchheit
PURPOSE: To (1) compare the locomotor and heart rate responses between floaters and regular players during both small and large small sided games (SSGs) and (2) examine whether the type of game (i.e., game simulation vs possession game) affects the magnitude of the difference between floaters and regular players. METHODS: Data were collected in 41 players belonging to an elite French football team during three consecutive seasons (2014-2017). 5-Hz GPS were used to collect all training data, with the Athletic Data Innovation analyser (v5...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933710/elite-youth-soccer-players-physiological-responses-time-motion-characteristics-and-game-performance-in-4-vs-4-small-sided-games-the-influence-of-coach-feedback
#9
Mirko Brandes, Sebastian Elvers
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of mild vs. strongly pushed coach feedback on the physiological response, ratio of perceived exertion (RPE), and time-motion characteristics in soccer training with small-sided games (SSGs). Sixteen elite youth soccer players (aged 17.2 ± 0.7 years, V[Combining Dot Above]O2max 62.1 ± 3.8 ml·kg·min) played two 4 vs. 4 small-sided games each. In random order, the coach provided a mild, unobtrusive, or a strongly pushed feedback throughout the game. Physiological measurements included heart rate expressed in mean values and intensity zones, blood lactate concentration, and RPE...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930869/quantifying-the-external-and-internal-loads-of-professional-rugby-league-training-modes-consideration-for-concurrent-field-based-training-prescription
#10
Dan Weaving, Ben Jones, Kevin Till, Phil Marshall, Keith Earle, Grant Abt
Practitioners prescribe numerous training modes to develop the varied physical qualities professional rugby league players must express during competition. The aim of the current study was to determine how the magnitude of external and internal training load per minute of time differs between modes in professional rugby league players. This data were collected from 17 players across 716 individual sessions (mean (SD) sessions: 42 (13) per player) which were categorised by mode (conditioning, small sided games, skills and sprint training)...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927304/initial-outcomes-of-a-participatory-based-competency-building-approach-to-increasing-physical-education-teachers-physical-activity-promotion-and-students-physical-activity-a-pilot-study
#11
R Glenn Weaver, Collin A Webster, Michael W Beets, Keith Brazendale, Jessica Chandler, Lauren Schisler, Mazen Aziz
This study examined the initial effects of a participatory-based, competency-/skill-building professional development workshop for physical education (PE) teachers on the use of physical activity (PA) promotion practices (e.g., eliminating lines, small-sided games) and students' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). A total of 823 students (52.8% boys) wore accelerometers at baseline (fall 2015) and outcome (spring 2016) on PE and non-PE days. The System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time+ measured changes in PA promotion practices...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922682/the-energy-cost-of-running-with-the-ball-in-soccer
#12
Alessandro Piras, Milena Raffi, Charalampos Atmatzidis, Franco Merni, Rocco Di Michele
Running with the ball is a soccer-specific activity frequently used by players during match play and training drills. Nevertheless, the energy cost (EC) of on-grass running with the ball has not yet been determined. The purpose of this study was therefore to assess the EC of constant-speed running with the ball, and to compare it with the EC of normal running. Eight amateur soccer players performed two 6- min runs at 10 km/h on artificial turf, respectively with and without the ball. EC was measured with indirect calorimetry and, furthermore, estimated with a method based on players' accelerations measured with a GPS receiver...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828085/effects-of-the-sports-level-format-of-the-game-and-task-condition-on-heart-rate-responses-technical-and-tactical-performance-of-youth-basketball-players
#13
Filipe Manuel Clemente, Sixto González-Víllora, Anne Delextrat, Fernando Manuel Lourenço Martins, Juan Carlos Pastor Vicedo
The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of different small-sided and conditioning games (SSCG) with different tactical contents on heart rate responses, technical performance and collective organization of youth basketball players of different performance levels. Twenty male basketball players from U14 (13.7 ± 0.8 years old; 4.2 ± 1.4 years of practice) and U16 (15.3 ± 1.1 years old; 6.4 ± 2.1 years of practice) participated in this research study. The two-way MANOVA revealed that the sports level (p = 0...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813336/searching-for-the-elusive-gift-advances-in-talent-identification-in-sport
#14
REVIEW
David L Mann, Nima Dehghansai, Joseph Baker
The incentives for sport organizations to identify talented athletes from a young age continue to grow, yet effective talent identification remains a challenging task. This opinion paper examines recent advances in talent identification, focusing in particular on the emergence of new approaches that may offer promise to identify talent (e.g., small-sided games, genetic testing, and advanced statistical analyses). We appraise new multi-disciplinary and large-scale population studies of talent identification, provide a consideration of the most recent psychological predictors of performance, examine the emergence of new approaches that strive to diminish biases in talent identification, and look at the rise in interest in talent identification in Paralympic sport...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799865/space-creation-dynamics-in-basketball-small-sided-games
#15
Sarah G T Bredt, Juan C P Morales, André G P Andrade, Juliana O Torres, Gustavo H Peixoto, Pablo J Greco, Gibson M Praça, Mauro H Chagas
Space creation dynamics (SCDs) describe actions players perform to create a scoring opportunity. This study compared SCDs and types of offense during three different three versus three (3vs.3) basketball small-sided games (SSGs) played in half court: 3vs.3 with man-to-man defense in half playing area (3vs.3HALF), 3vs.3 with man-to-man defense in full playing area (3vs.3FULL), and 3vs.3 with reduced shot clock (3vs.3RT). We also investigated the efficacy of SCDs in all SSGs and the reliability of SCDs in 3vs...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759533/physiological-responses-to-and-athlete-and-coach-perceptions-of-exertion-during-small-sided-basketball-games
#16
A Vaquera, D Suárez-Iglesias, X Guiu, R Barroso, G Thomas, A Renfree
This study describes heart rate (HR) responses during different small sided games (SSGs) in junior basketball players, and identifies the level of agreement between athlete and coach perceptions of internal training load calculated using the in-task rating of perceived exertion (RPE) method. Over a 6 week period, 12 male junior basketball players who played in the Spanish national under-18 League, played 7 games of one-a-side (1v1), 6 games of two-a-side (2v2), 8 games of five-a-side (5v5), and 5 games of superiority (3v2) situations...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714774/small-sided-games-in-elite-soccer-does-one-size-fits-all
#17
Mathieu Lacome, Ben M Simpson, Yannick Cholley, Philippe Lambert, Martin Buchheit
PURPOSE: To compare the peak intensity of typical Small Sided Games (SSGs) with those of official matches in terms of running demands and mechanical work over different rolling average durations and playing positions. METHOD: Data were collected in 21 players (25±5 y, 181±7 cm, 77±7 kg) belonging to an elite French football team. SSG data were collected over two seasons during typical training sessions (249 files, 12±4 per player) and official matches (n=12)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713465/a-comparison-of-gps-workload-demands-in-match-play-and-small-sided-games-by-the-positional-role-in-youth-soccer
#18
Mathew Beenham, David J Barron, John Fry, Howard H Hurst, Antonio Figueirdo, Steve Atkins
The external demands of small-sided games (SSGs) according to the positional role are currently unknown. Using a Catapult Minimax X3 5 Hz GPS, with a 100 Hz tri-axial accelerometer, we compared the accumulated tri-axial player workload per min (PLacc·min(-1)) during friendly youth match play (MP) (11 vs. 11) and SSGs (2 vs. 2, 3 vs. 3, and 4 vs. 4). Significant differences existed between all SSGs and MP for PLacc·min(-1) (F = 21.91, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.38), and individual X (F = 27.40, p < 0.001, η2 = 0...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658077/pitch-size-and-game-surface-in-different-small-sided-games-global-indicators-activity-profile-and-acceleration-of-female-soccer-players
#19
Jorge López-Fernández, Leonor Gallardo, Álvaro Fernández-Luna, Victor Villacañas, Jorge García-Unanue, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez
The aim of this research was to evaluate the influence of game surface and pitch size on the movement profile in female soccer players during Small-Sided-Games (SSGs) of 4 v 4. 16 women played three different 4-a-side (400 m, 600 m and 800 m) on three surfaces (ground [GR], artificial turf [AT] and natural grass [NG]). Time-motion variables were assessed through GPS devices (Spi Pro X, GPSports, Australia). GR had the worst outputs on most variables. NG achieved higher results than AT in terms of total distance [SSG 400 (+37...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615928/using-a-multidimensional-unfolding-approach-to-assess-multiple-sclerosis-patient-preferences-for-disease-modifying-therapy-a-pilot-study
#20
Angel Perez Sempere, Vanesa Vera-Lopez, Juana Gimenez-Martinez, Elena Ruiz-Beato, Jesús Cuervo, Jorge Maurino
PURPOSE: Multidimensional unfolding is a multivariate method to assess preferences using a small sample size, a geometric model locating individuals and alternatives as points in a joint space. The objective was to evaluate relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patient preferences toward key disease-modifying therapy (DMT) attributes using multidimensional unfolding. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional pilot study in RRMS patients was conducted. Drug attributes included relapse prevention, disease progression prevention, side-effect risk and route and schedule of administration...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
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