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Drooling treatment

Wei Qian, Yan-Kun Zhang, Wei Lv, Ying Hou, Qian Cao, Ju-Feng Fan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical application and efficacy of local injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) at the depressor anguli oris in patients with congenital drooping mouth corner. METHODS: From September 2013 to March 2015, 36 cosmetic patients received local injections of botulinum toxin A at the depressor anguli oris, with 1-3 injection sites in the moving region of the depressor anguli oris on each side. At each injection site, 2-4 U of BTX-A was injected, and the total dose for any unilateral treatment did not exceed 8 U...
October 12, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Lisa E Ishii
Facial nerve paralysis, although uncommon in the pediatric population, occurs from several causes, including congenital deformities, infection, trauma, and neoplasms. Similar to the adult population, management of facial nerve disorders in children includes treatment for eye exposure, nasal obstruction/deviation, smile asymmetry, drooling, lack of labial function, and synkinesis. Free tissue transfer dynamic restoration is the preferred method for smile restoration in this population, with outcomes exceeding those of similar procedures in adults...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Eda Haznedaroglu, Ali Mentes
OBJECTIVES: Parents are increasingly searching the Internet to gather information about their children's health care. This study compared infant teething information obtained from publically employed pediatricians in Istanbul with that obtained from different Turkish websites (parenting, health, professional, news and commercial). METHODS: This study had two parts. The first part used a descriptive design, with two checklists to assess the quality and comprehensiveness of the teething-specific content on 62 parenting or health websites...
August 2016: Clinics
Murali Mahadevan, Maayan Gruber, Darin Bilish, Kathryn Edwards, David Davies-Payne, Graeme van der Meer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of submandibular salivary gland Botulinum Toxin Type-A (BTX-A) injection in the treatment of drooling in children with varying degrees of neurological dysfunction. METHODS: A retrospective review of pre- and post-procedure drooling frequency and severity scores of patients receiving BTX-A between January 2008 and January 2013. Stratification to different subgroups of neurological impairment was performed according to Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) score...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
C O A Enyuma, M Offiong, A Adekanye, U Akpan, N Ezeanyagu, O Uffiah
Foreign body (FB) in the aerodigestive tracts has been commonly reported but findings of impacted foreign bodies in the nasopharynx following inhalation/ingestion are very rare. Most of the FB gets lodged as a result of forceful vomiting, coughing,and digital manoeuvres for removal of FB in the oropharynx. Several objects have been identified lodged in the nasopharynx. No age group is spared although most victims are children under 10 years of age. Foreign bodies in the nasopharynx can be uneventful or potentially dangerous depending on type, size and location as it may cause sudden airway obstruction, or local pressure necrosis of alimentary or respiratory tract or both...
October 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
R Czerninski
Diagnosis and management of lip pathologies should be part of the dentists' responsibilities. Lip pathologies might affect patient's function, appearance and quality of life. The routine clinical examination of the oral cavity includes lip examination--changes in lip color, size or texture should be recognized during the examination, as well as noticing any habit such as lip licking or mouth breathing.The aim of the review is to present common external lip lesions. Color changes--oral melanotic macule is a localized benign pigmented lesion...
April 2016: Journal of the Israel Dental Association
R Taraquois, A Joly, A Sallot, J-D Kün Darbois, B Laure, A Paré
INTRODUCTION: The sacrifice of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is usual in case of resection of mandibular tumors and is responsible for disabling sensory disorders, drooling and lip incompetence. We report the case of a reconstruction of the IAN by means of an autologous nerve graft after segmental resection of the mandible. OBSERVATION: A 27-year-old man presented with a recurrence of mandibular ameloblastoma. Treatment consisted in segmental mandibulectomy with resection of the IAN...
July 26, 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Pushpa Narayanaswami, Thomas Geisbush, Andrew Tarulli, Elizabeth Raynor, Shiva Gautam, Daniel Tarsy, Gary Gronseth
INTRODUCTION: Botulinum toxins are a therapeutic option for drooling in Parkinson's Disease (PD). The aims of this study were to: 1. evaluate the efficacy of incobotulinum toxin A for drooling in PD. 2. Perform a meta-analysis of studies of Botulinum toxins for drooling in PD. METHODS: 1. Primary study: Randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, cross over trial. Incobotulinum toxin (100 units) or saline was injected into the parotid (20 units) and submandibular (30 units) glands...
September 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Lauren E Hirsch, Tamara Pringsheim
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) include autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder and pervasive developmental disorder - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Antipsychotics have been used as a medication intervention for irritability related to ASD. Aripiprazole, a third-generation, atypical antipsychotic, is a relatively new drug that has a unique mechanism of action different from that of other antipsychotics. This review updates a previous Cochrane review on the safety and efficacy of aripiprazole for individuals with ASD, published in 2011 (Ching 2011)...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Corinne P A Delsing, Tieneke Viergever, Jimmie Honings, Frank J A van den Hoogen
AIM: Several surgical techniques are available to treat drooling in neurologically disabled children and adolescents, with bilateral submandibular gland excision being the only transcervical procedure. External scars can be a reason to decline for this surgical approach. We investigated which factors influenced caregiver satisfaction by evaluating the long-term scar in relation to treatment outcome. METHODS: We identified a historical cohort, in which all neurologically disabled patients who underwent bilateral submandibular gland excision for drooling between January 2009 and December 2013 were identified (n = 41)...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Jenny Montgomery, Sarah McCusker, Kerry Lang, Susan Grosse, Alastair Mace, Ruby Lumley, Haytham Kubba
OBJECTIVES: Sialorrhoea (drooling) is defined as the involuntary escape of saliva from the mouth. It is considered normal in young children but may cause social problems in older children. Sialorrhoea is frequently seen in children with cerebral palsy, with rates between 10% and 58% and in other neurodevelopmental diseases. Management of these children can be challenging and often requires an individual and stepwise approach. This is a large case series of children managed at the saliva control clinic in Glasgow, Scotland...
June 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Dorian Blommaert, Karen van Hulst, Frank J A van den Hoogen, Corrie E Erasmus, Saskia B Wortmann
Drooling is a common problem in children with progressive dystonia. The authors noted a 58% incidence of drooling in 22/38 children with MEGDEL, a rare neurodegenerative cause of dystonia and report on the clinical course of four patients. Drooling of varying severity and subsequent respiratory problems were treated at the authors' multidisciplinary saliva-control outpatient clinic. One patient improved on antireflux medication, the second after medication with drooling as side effect was changed. Two other patients underwent salivary gland surgery, one of whom significantly improved; the other died shortly after surgery...
September 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Esther Casado Verrier, Miguel A Carro Rodríguez, María de la Parte Cancho, Roi Piñeiro Pérez
The larval form of the moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa, known as pine processionary caterpillar, is one of the main forest pests in southern Europe. Often, these caterpillars cause local reactions in humans, due to their microscopic stinging hairs. Most symptoms affect skin, in form of acute urticaria. Systemic reactions are rare. An eleven month old infant with a systemic reaction after ingestion of a pine processionary caterpillar is presented. The boy reached the Emergency Room with orofacial edema, drooling and urticaria...
June 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
E Chaléat-Valayer, M Porte, K Buchet-Poyau, F Roumenoff-Turcant, M C D'Anjou, C Boulay, J C Bernard, S Touzet
AIM: To characterise children with cerebral palsy (CP) and pathological drooling in France, and to describe care pathways, assessment and treatment. METHOD: A transversal, observational, descriptive survey of the practices and opinions of 400 health professionals potentially involved in the care of children with CP, was carried out nationally across France in 2013. RESULTS: The response rate was 36%. Seventy-five questionnaires were returned and analysed (52%)...
July 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
P Rees, A Al-Hussaini, S Maguire
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is persistently under-recognised. Given that a third of maltreated children may return with serious or fatal injuries, it is imperative that otolaryngologists who are in frequent contact with children are able to detect maltreatment at first presentation. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: This review aims to identify ENT injuries, signs or symptoms that are indicative of physical abuse or fabricated or induced illness (child maltreatment). TYPE OF REVIEW: Systematic review...
May 5, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Janne Tiigimäe-Saar, Pille Taba, Tiia Tamme
OBJECTIVES: Botulinum neurotoxin type A (BNT-A) intrasalivary gland injections in patients with neurological disorders have been known to effectively treat hypersalivation. However, oral health can be compromised with increasing the dose. The aim of this study was to find out the therapeutic effect of low-dose, ultrasonography-controlled BNT-A injections into the bilateral parotid and submandibular glands on oral health in the treatment of sialorrhea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients diagnosed with Parkinson's disease (PD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and other neurological disorders, including stroke or birth trauma, received BNT-A injections with salivary tests before and 1 month after the injections...
April 26, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Prem Sagar, K K Handa, Sheffali Gulati, Rajeev Kumar
Drooling is a challenging situation to manage especially in neurologically impaired pediatric population. Numerous surgical procedures have been described in literature but none of them is standardized. We evaluate the effectiveness of bilateral submandibular duct rerouting and sublingual gland excision in drooling paediatric patients. Prospective interventional study was conducted from November 2007 to September 2009 in twenty-eight pediatric patients with drooling who had failed conservative treatment modalities...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Anatoly Kreinin, Chanoch Miodownik, Vitaly Mirkin, Yulia Gaiduk, Yan Yankovsky, Yuly Bersudsky, Paul P Lerner, Joseph Bergman, Vladimir Lerner
Hypersalivation is a frequent, disturbing, and uncomfortable adverse effect of clozapine therapy that frequently leads to noncompliance. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of metoclopramide (dopamine D2 antagonist, antiemetic medication) as an option for management of hypersalivation associated with clozapine (HAC). A 3-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in university-based research clinics from January 2012 to May 2014, on 58 inpatients treated with clozapine who were experiencing hypersalivation...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Dante L S Souza, Daniel Cabrera, Waqas I Gilani, Ronna L Campbell, Matthew L Carlson, Christine M Lohse, M Fernanda Bellolio
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients presenting with peritonsillar abscess (PTA) treated with either initial medical or surgical management. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of patients presenting between 2010 and 2014 with the final diagnosis of PTA (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code 475) were included. Comparisons between groups were evaluated using two-sample t, Wilcoxon rank sum, χ(2) , and Fisher exact tests...
July 2016: Laryngoscope
Britta Galling, Alexandra Roldán, Liz Rietschel, Katsuhiko Hagi, Frozan Walyzada, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Lan Cao, Yu-Tao Xiang, John M Kane, Christoph U Correll
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotic co-treatment is common in schizophrenia, despite lacking evidence for its efficacy and safety. Areas: We conducted a systematic search of PubMed/PsycInfo/CJN/WangFan/CBM without language restrictions from database inception until 05/25/2015 for randomized trials comparing antipsychotic monotherapy with antipsychotic co-treatment in ≥20 adults with schizophrenia reporting meta-analyzable adverse events (AEs) data. Meta-analyzing 67 studies (n=4,861, duration=10...
May 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
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