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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099356/increased-risk-of-parkinson-disease-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-population-based-study
#1
Yu-Wan Yang, Teng-Fu Hsieh, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Jen-Huai Chiang, Tsai-Chung Li, Cheng-Chieh Lin
This nationwide population-based study investigated the risk of Parkinson disease (PD) in relation to diabetes mellitus (DM) through the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan.A retrospective study was conducted, consisting of 36,294 patients who were newly diagnosed with DM between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2006 and 108,882 individuals without DM as healthy controls from insurance claims data from Taiwan's National Health Research Institutes Dataset. The subjects were followed up until December 31, 2011 or until the first manifestation of PD...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075435/cardiac-biomarkers-predict-1-year-mortality-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-hip-fracture-surgery
#2
Spyridon Katsanos, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Nikolaos Kafkas, Celestino Sardu, Vasileios Kamperidis, Panagiota Katsanou, Dimitrios Farmakis, John Parissis
This prospective study included 152 elderly patients (mean age, 80 years; range, 72-88 years) with a hip fracture treated surgically. Comorbidities were evaluated, and B-type natriuretic peptide was measured at baseline and at postoperative days 4 and 5 in addition to troponin I. Major cardiac events were recorded, and 1-year mortality was assessed. Comorbidity models with the important multivariate predictors of 1-year mortality were analyzed. Overall, 9 patients (6%) experienced major cardiac events postoperatively during their hospitalization...
January 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071825/systematic-review-of-severity-scales-and-screening-instruments-for-tics-critique-and-recommendations
#3
Davide Martino, Tamara M Pringsheim, Andrea E Cavanna, Carlo Colosimo, Andreas Hartmann, James F Leckman, Sheng Luo, Alexander Munchau, Christopher G Goetz, Glenn T Stebbins, Pablo Martinez-Martin
BACKGROUND: Several clinician, informant, and self-report instruments for tics and associated phenomena have been developed that differ in construct, comprehensiveness, and ease of administration. OBJECTIVE: A Movement Disorders Society subcommittee aimed to rate psychometric quality of severity and screening instruments for tics and related sensory phenomena. METHODS: Following the methodology adopted by previous Movement Disorders Society subcommittee papers, a review of severity and screening instruments for tics was completed, applying a classification as "recommended," "suggested," or "listed" to each instrument...
January 10, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977587/levodopa-reverse-stridor-and-prevent-subsequent-endotracheal-intubation-in-parkinson-disease-patients-with-bilateral-vocal-cord-palsy-a-case-report
#4
Chia-Chan Tsai, Meng-Ni Wu, Li-Min Liou, Yang-Pei Chang
BACKGROUND: Respiratory abnormalities are often overlooked; however, because of their potential comorbidity, they must be analyzed to determine the most effective treatment for patients with Parkinson disease (PD). Among various theories on respiratory abnormalities in PD, "upper airway obstruction" and "restrictive respiratory disorders" are 2 of the most accepted etiologies; both appear to be related to basal ganglia dysfunction. Complex vocal cord muscle dysfunction contributes to stridor, which can be a manifestation of nigrostriatal dopaminergic dysfunction...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958390/prevalence-and-treatment-of-luts-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-or-multiple-system-atrophy
#5
REVIEW
Teruyuki Ogawa, Ryuji Sakakibara, Sadako Kuno, Osamu Ishizuka, Takeya Kitta, Naoki Yoshimura
The lower urinary tract is controlled by complex neural mechanisms not only in the periphery, but also in the central nervous systems (CNS). Thus, patients with a wide variety of neurological diseases often also have lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), including those with Parkinson disease (PD) or multiple system atrophy (MSA). LUTS are common comorbidities associated with both of these neurodegenerative diseases and are likely to impair patients' quality of life. The motor symptoms of PD and MSA often seem similar; however, the pathophysiology, and thus the treatment of LUTS differs considerably...
December 13, 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919487/inverse-comorbidity-in-multiple-sclerosis-findings-in-a-complete-nationwide-cohort
#6
Anja Thormann, Nils Koch-Henriksen, Bjarne Laursen, Per Soelberg Sørensen, Melinda Magyari
BACKGROUND: Inverse comorbidity is disease occurring at lower rates than expected among persons with a given index disease. The objective was to identify inverse comorbidity in MS. METHODS: We performed a combined case-control and cohort study in a total nationwide cohort of cases with clinical onset of MS 1980-2005. We randomly matched each MS-case with five population controls. Comorbidity data were obtained from multiple, independent nationwide registries. Cases and controls were followed from January 1977 to the index date, and from the index date through December 2012...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915581/ftld-tdp-and-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-in-comorbidity-a-report-of-two-cases-with-different-clinical-presentations
#7
Kateřina Storey, Silvie Johanidesová, Radoslav Matěj, Jiří Keller, Zdeněk Rohan, Robert Rusina
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration with transactive response DNA-binding protein 43 (FTLD-TDP) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) are distinct neurodegenerations with different clinical presentations. We report two cases with FTLD-TDP and PSP in comorbidity: a patient with amnestic dementia developing frontal lobe dementia, Parkinsonism and supranuclear gaze palsy and a patient with cerebellar ataxia and nystagmus developing akinesia, rigidity, and subcortical dementia. Neuropathological examination revealed neuronal and glial tau pathology together with ubiquitin, and phospho-TDP-43-immunoreactivities in the hippocampus, striatum, mesencephalon, and frontal and temporal cortices...
December 3, 2016: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906991/association-between-history-of-dental-amalgam-fillings-and-risk-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#8
Yung-Chuang Hsu, Cheng-Wei Chang, Hsin-Lin Lee, Chuan-Chung Chuang, Hsien-Chung Chiu, Wan-Yun Li, Jorng-Tzong Horng, Earl Fu
The impact of dental amalgam on the development of Parkinson's disease (PD) is still uncertain, although a positive association between dental amalgam and PD has been found in a few case-control studies. The patients with amalgam fillings restored between 2000 and 2008 were identified by using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. The same number of patients who had no new amalgam filling restored was matched by sex, age, and treatment date. Both cohorts were followed up from the treatment date until the date of diagnosis of PD, death, or the end of the year 2008...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889470/delayed-administration-of-dopaminergic-drugs-is-not-associated-with-prolonged-length-of-stay-of-hospitalized-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Rob Skelly, Lisa Brown, Andrew Fogarty
BACKGROUND: Punctual delivery of dopaminergic medication to Parkinson's disease (PD) patients may be important in optimizing disease control. We tested the hypothesis that prompt delivery of l-dopa medications to emergency hospital inpatients was associated with a decreased length of stay in hospital. METHODS: The study population consisted of all urgent hospitalizations for patients with a diagnosis of PD to the Royal Derby Hospital over a two-year period. Data were extracted on timing of delivery of drugs, number of co-morbidities and length of stay...
November 14, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887896/comorbid-parkinson-s-disease-falls-and-fractures-in-the-2010-national-emergency-department-sample
#10
Hind A Beydoun, May A Beydoun, Nishant K Mishra, Ola S Rostant, Alan B Zonderman, Shaker M Eid
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disorder of multifactorial etiology affecting ∼1% of older adults. Research focused on linking PD to falls and bone fractures has been limited in Emergency Department (ED) settings, where most injuries are identified. We assessed whether injured U.S. ED admissions with PD diagnoses were more likely to exhibit comorbid fall- or non-fall related bone fractures and whether a PD diagnosis with a concomitant fall or bone fracture is linked to worse prognosis...
November 19, 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887589/guidelines-for-dementia-or-parkinson-s-disease-with-depression-or-anxiety-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Zahra Goodarzi, Bria Mele, Selynne Guo, Heather Hanson, Nathalie Jette, Scott Patten, Tamara Pringsheim, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety remain under-diagnosed and under-treated in those with neurologic diseases such as dementia or Parkinson's Disease (PD). Our objectives were to first, to provide a synthesis of high quality guidelines available for the identification and management of depression or anxiety in those with dementia or PD. Second, to identify areas for improvement for future guidelines. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and EMBASE (2009 to July 24, 2015), grey literature (83 sources; July 24-Sept 6, 2015), and bibliographies of included studies...
November 25, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870257/higher-levels-of-apomorphine-and-rotigotine-prescribing-reduce-overall-secondary-healthcare-costs-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
A H Heald, M Livingston, M Stedman, Z Wyrko
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) affects around 100,000 people in England. A number of non-oral therapies can improve both the quality of life and reduce patient needs for health and social care. However, these can be relatively expensive at £2000-£10,000 per year per patient. Our aim was to examine how prescribing of these agents relates to secondary care costs. METHODS: Using practice level primary care prescribing data and hospital episode statistical data in England, we investigated the relation between general practitioner prescriptions of apomorphine injections/rotigotine patches and the secondary care costs accrued for their diagnosed PD patients for 2011-2014...
November 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869301/cerebral-amyloid-deposition-is-associated-with-gait-parameters-in-the-mayo-clinic-study-of-aging
#13
Alexandra M V Wennberg, Rodolfo Savica, Clinton E Hagen, Rosebud O Roberts, David S Knopman, John H Hollman, Prashanthi Vemuri, Clifford R Jack, Ronald C Petersen, Michelle M Mielke
OBJECTIVES: To determine the cross-sectional association between cerebral amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposition and gait. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Population-based cohort study in Olmsted County, MN. PARTICIPANTS: Cognitively normal individuals (n = 611), aged 50 to 69 years, enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging with concurrent PiB-PET imaging and gait assessment. Participants with a history of stroke, alcoholism, Parkinson's disease, subdural hematoma, traumatic brain injury, or normal pressure hydrocephalus were excluded...
November 21, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862303/basal-ganglia-structure-in-tourette-s-disorder-and-or-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Natalie J Forde, Marcel P Zwiers, Jilly Naaijen, Sophie E A Akkermans, Thaira J C Openneer, Frank Visscher, Andrea Dietrich, Jan K Buitelaar, Pieter J Hoekstra
BACKGROUND: Tourette's disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder often co-occur and have both been associated with structural variation of the basal ganglia. However, findings are inconsistent and comorbidity is often neglected. METHODS: T1-weighted magnetic resonance images from children (n = 141, 8 to 12 years) with Tourette's disorder and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and controls were processed with the Oxford Centre for Functional MRI [Magnetic resonance imaging] of the Brain (FMRIB) integrated registration and segmentation tool to determine basal ganglia nuclei volume and shape...
November 10, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843673/median-and-ulnar-neuropathy-assessment-in-parkinson-s-disease-regarding-symptom-severity-and-asymmetry
#15
Nilgul Yardimci, Ozlem Cemeroglu, Eda Ozturk, Gülsüm Gürlü, Esra Şahin, Saliha Bozkurt, Tugba Cengiz, Gulderen Karali, Hasim Cakirbay, Atilla İlhan
Background. While increasing evidence suggests comorbidity of peripheral neuropathy (PNP) and Parkinson's disease (PD), the pathogenesis of PNP in PD is still a debate. The aim of this article is to search the core PD symptoms such as rigidity and tremor as contributing factors to mononeuropathy development while emphasizing each individual patient's asymmetric symptom severity. Methods. We studied 62 wrists and 62 elbows of 31 patients (mean age 66.48 ± 10.67) and 64 wrists and 64 elbows of 32 age-gender matched healthy controls (mean age 62...
2016: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826085/short-term-adverse-outcomes-following-deep-brain-stimulation-treatment-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#16
Kejia Hu, Ziev B Moses, Matthew Hutter, Ziv Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite ongoing progress in our understanding of long-term outcomes following neuromodulation procedures, acute adverse outcomes shortly after deep brain stimulation (DBS) treatment have remained remarkably limited. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with acute 30-day outcomes following DBS treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. METHODS: We evaluated patients who underwent DBS treatment for PD from 2005 to 2014 through the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database...
November 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813127/psychotropic-drug-development-strategies-that-target-neuropsychiatric-etiologies-in-alzheimer-s-and-parkinson-s-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Cornelis J Van der Schyf
Preclinical Research Neuropsychiatric symptoms are currently recognized as a common burden in patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and many other neurodegenerative disorders. Earlier theories positing that these symptoms emerge predominantly in patients with late-stage disease have been largely dismissed. It is now generally accepted that many neuropsychiatric symptoms commonly manifest very early in neurodegenerative disease stages, and in many cases are even considered prodromal indicators...
December 2016: Drug Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785416/physical-activity-and-long-term-mortality-risk-in-older-adults-a-prospective-population-based-study-nedices
#18
Sara Llamas-Velasco, Alberto Villarejo-Galende, Israel Contador, David Lora Pablos, Jesús Hernández-Gallego, Félix Bermejo-Pareja
To analyze whether Physical activity (PA) reduces mortality risk at thirteen years' follow-up in a population-based cohort of Spanish older adults. The NEDICES (Neurological Disorders in Central Spain) is a prospective population-based survey of older adults (age ≥ 65 years) that comprised 5278 participants at baseline. A modified version of the Rosow-Breslau questionnaire was applied to categorize the PA (sedentary, light, moderate and high) and dates of death were collected from the Official Spanish Death Registry...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779784/pisa-syndrome-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-integrated-approach-from-pathophysiology-to-management
#19
REVIEW
Michele Tinazzi, Christian Geroin, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Nicola Smania, Stefano Tamburin, Francesca Morgante, Alfonso Fasano
Pisa syndrome was first described in 1972 in patients treated with neuroleptics. Since 2003, when it was first reported in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), Pisa syndrome has progressively drawn the attention of clinicians and researchers. Although emerging evidence has partially clarified its prevalence and pathophysiology, the current debate revolves around diagnostic criteria and assessment and the effectiveness of pharmacological, surgical, and rehabilitative approaches. Contrary to initial thought, Pisa syndrome is common among PD patients, with an estimated prevalence of 8...
December 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779468/trim28-regulates-the-nuclear-accumulation-and-toxicity-of-both-alpha-synuclein-and-tau
#20
Maxime Wc Rousseaux, Maria de Haro, Cristian A Lasagna-Reeves, Antonia De Maio, Jeehye Park, Paymaan Jafar-Nejad, Ismael Al-Ramahi, Ajay Sharma, Lauren See, Nan Lu, Luis Vilanova-Velez, Tiemo J Klisch, Thomas F Westbrook, Juan C Troncoso, Juan Botas, Huda Y Zoghbi
Several neurodegenerative diseases are driven by the toxic gain-of-function of specific proteins within the brain. Elevated levels of alpha-synuclein (α-Syn) appear to drive neurotoxicity in Parkinson's disease (PD); neuronal accumulation of tau is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD); and their increased levels cause neurodegeneration in humans and model organisms. Despite the clinical differences between AD and PD, several lines of evidence suggest that α-Syn and tau overlap pathologically. The connections between α-Syn and tau led us to ask whether these proteins might be regulated through a shared pathway...
October 25, 2016: ELife
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