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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339815/relationships-between-standing-frontal-plane-knee-alignment-and-dynamic-knee-joint-loading-during-walking-and-jogging-in-youth-who-are-obese
#1
Matthew S Briggs, Sharon Bout-Tabaku, Michael P McNally, Ajit M W Chaudhari, Thomas M Best, Laura C Schmitt
Background: Youth who are obese have high risk of poor knee health and cartilage damage. Understanding factors which may affect knee health in youth who are obese is critical for preservation of knee integrity and function. Objective: Compare standing frontal plane knee alignment and knee loading patterns between youth who are obese and healthy-weight and determine the association between knee alignment and knee loading patterns during walking and jogging. Design: Cross sectional matched-pair...
February 28, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337170/why-your-body-can-jog-your-mind
#2
Manuela Macedonia, Claudia Repetto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334988/attitudes-and-lifestyle-changes-following-jog-your-mind-results-from-a-multi-factorial-community-based-program-promoting-cognitive-vitality-among-seniors
#3
Sophie Laforest, Agathe Lorthios-Guilledroit, Kareen Nour, Manon Parisien, Michel Fournier, Dave Ellemberg, Danielle Guay, Charles-Émile Desgagnés-Cyr, Nathalie Bier
This study examined the effects on attitudes and lifestyle behavior of Jog your Mind, a multi-factorial community-based program promoting cognitive vitality among seniors with no known cognitive impairment. A quasi-experimental study was conducted. Twenty-three community organizations were assigned either to the experimental group (offering the program) or to the control group (creating a waiting list). They recruited 294 community-dwelling seniors. The aims of the study were to verify the effects of the program on attitudes and behaviors related to cognitive vitality and to explore its effects on cognitive vitality...
February 27, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303967/effects-of-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Xinyu Yang, Yanda Li, Xiaomeng Ren, Xingjiang Xiong, Lijun Wu, Jie Li, Jie Wang, Yonghong Gao, Hongcai Shang, Yanwei Xing
In this study, we assessed the effect of rehabilitation exercise after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). We performed a meta-analysis to determine the effects of exercise in patients after PCI. The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, the Embase database, China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI), China Biology Medicine (CBM), and the Wanfang Database were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The key words used for the searches were PCI, exercise, walking, jogging, Tai Chi, and yoga...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303747/self-reported-physical-capacity-and-activity-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-and-matched-controls
#5
H Pettersson, A Åkerström, A Nordin, E Svenungsson, H Alexanderson, C Boström
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate differences in self-reported physical capacity and activity between systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and population-based controls, as well as between patients with normal-mild, or moderate-severe, lung disease and their respective controls. METHOD: The study included 106 patients fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology SSc criteria and 106 controls, individually matched for age and gender. Patients were subdivided into normal-mild and moderate-severe lung disease based on results from pulmonary function tests and SSc severity scale...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290761/comparison-between-wrist-worn-and-waist-worn-accelerometry
#6
Paul D Loprinzi, Brandee Smith
OBJECTIVE: To use the most recent ActiGraph model (GT9X) to compare counts per minute (CPM) estimates between wrist-worn and waist-worn attachment sites. METHODS: Participants completed two conditions (laboratory [N=13] and free-living conditions [N=9]), in which during both of these conditions they wore two ActiGraph GT9X accelerometers on their non-dominant wrist (side-by-side) and two ActiGraph GT9X accelerometers on their right hip in line with the midaxillary line (side-by-side)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269635/wearable-embroidered-muscle-activity-sensing-device-for-the-human-upper-leg
#7
R B Ribas Manero, A Shafti, B Michael, J Grewal, J Ll Ribas Fernandez, K Althoefer, M J Howard
Within the last decade, running has become one of the most popular physical activities in the world. Although the benefits of running are numerous, there is a risk of Running Related Injuries (RRIs) of the lower extremities. Electromyography (EMG) techniques have previously been used to study causes of RRIs, but the complexity of this technology limits its use to a laboratory setting. As running is primarily an outdoors activity, this lack of technology acts as a barrier to the study of RRIs in natural environments...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237013/the-effects-of-distractor-sounds-presented-through-bone-conduction-headphones-on-the-localization-of-critical-environmental-sounds
#8
Keenan R May, Bruce N Walker
Bone conduction headphones are devices that transmit sound through the bones of a listener's head rather than through the air in their outer ear. They have been marketed as a safer way to enjoy audio content while walking, jogging, or cycling. However, listening to distracting sounds over bone conduction may still disrupt a listener's awareness of their auditory environment. The present study investigated the nature of this interference with the faculty of sound source localization-a key prerequisite for generating situation awareness through audio...
May 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228102/influence-of-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-on-physical-activity-levels-of-university-players-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Fiona Y Wong
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of overweight is increasing and the effectiveness of various weight management and exercise programs varied. An augmented reality smartphone game, Pokémon Go, appears to increase activity levels of players. This study assessed the players and ex-players' frequencies and durations of staying outdoors, and walking/jogging before and during the time they played Pokémon Go, evaluated the physical activity levels of players, ex-players and non-players, and investigated the potential factors which determined their play statuses...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227893/wearable-embroidered-muscle-activity-sensing-device-for-the-human-upper-leg
#10
R B Ribas Manero, A Shafti, B Michael, J Grewal, J Ll Ribas Fernandez, K Althoefer, M J Howard, R B Ribas Manero, A Shafti, B Michael, J Grewal, J Ll Ribas Fernandez, K Althoefer, M J Howard, K Althoefer, B Michael, A Shafti, J Ll Ribas Fernandez, J Grewal, M J Howard
Within the last decade, running has become one of the most popular physical activities in the world. Although the benefits of running are numerous, there is a risk of Running Related Injuries (RRIs) of the lower extremities. Electromyography (EMG) techniques have previously been used to study causes of RRIs, but the complexity of this technology limits its use to a laboratory setting. As running is primarily an outdoors activity, this lack of technology acts as a barrier to the study of RRIs in natural environments...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203085/the-effect-of-psychometric-variables-in-predicting-physical-activity-behavior-among-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients
#11
Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Fira Abamecha Ababulgu, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Getachew Kiros Abraha
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus type-2 (DMT-2), the most common endocrine disease in the world, is a major global public health-related issue. Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common non-communicable diseases globally, and there is substantial evidence that it is epidemic in many low- and middle-income countries. It is widely recognized that physical activity is important in preventing and treating DMT-2. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of physical activity among DMT-2 patients attending Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH), Southwest Ethiopia...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186834/elevated-knee-joint-kinetics-and-reduced-ankle-kinetics-are-present-during-jogging-and-hopping-after-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#12
Richard W Willy, Annelie Brorsson, Hayley C Powell, John D Willson, Roy Tranberg, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
BACKGROUND: Deficits in plantarflexor function are common after an Achilles tendon rupture. These deficits may result in an altered distribution of joint loads during lower extremity tasks. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that, regardless of treatment, the Achilles tendon-ruptured limb would exhibit deficits in ankle kinematics and joint power while exhibiting elevated knee joint power and patellofemoral joint loads during walking, jogging, and hopping. We further hypothesized that this loading pattern would be most evident during jogging and hopping...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182627/the-characteristics-of-eeg-power-spectra-changes-after-acl-rupture
#13
Xin Miao, Hongshi Huang, Xiaoqing Hu, Dai Li, Yuanyuan Yu, Yingfang Ao
BACKGROUND: Reestablishing knee stability is the core of the treatment of ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) injury. Some patients still have a feeling of instability of the knee after ACL injury treatment. This unstable feeling may be caused by central nervous system changes after ACL rupture. METHODS: To identify the central changes after ACL rupture, EEG spectra were recorded to compare ACL patients and healthy controls when they were walking, jogging, and landing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182504/the-player-load-associated-with-typical-activities-in-elite-netball
#14
Jared A Bailey, Paul B Gastin, Luke Mackey, Dan B Dwyer
PURPOSE: Previous investigations of player load in netball have utilised subjective methodologies, with few utilising objective methodologies. Whilst all studies report differences in player activities or total load between playing positions, it is unclear how the differences in player activity explain differences in positional load. The aim of this study was to objectively quantify the load associated with typical activities for all positions in elite netball. METHODS: The player load of all playing positions in an elite netball team, was measured during matches using wearable accelerometers...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181488/the-multiple-roles-of-small-angle-tilt-grain-boundaries-in-annihilating-radiation-damage-in-sic
#15
Hao Jiang, Xing Wang, Izabela Szlufarska
Lattice defects generated by radiation damage can diffuse to grain boundaries (GBs) and be annihilated at GBs. However, the precise role of GBs in annihilating the segregated defects remains unclear. Here, we employed multi-scale models to determine how interstitials are annihilated at small-angle tilt GBs (STGBs) in SiC. First of all, we found the pipe diffusion of interstitials in STGBs is slower than bulk diffusion. This is because the increased interatomic distance at dislocation cores raises the migration barrier of interstitial dumbbells...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177299/development-of-an-improved-wearable-device-for-core-body-temperature-monitoring-based-on-the-dual-heat-flux-principle
#16
Jingjie Feng, Congcong Zhou, Cheng He, Yuan Li, Xuesong Ye
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, a miniaturized wearable core body temperature (CBT) monitoring system based on the dual heat flux (DHF) principle was developed. APPROACH: By interspersing calcium carbonate powder in PolyDimethylsiloxane (PDMS), a reformative heat transfer medium was produced to reduce the thermal equilibrium time. Besides, a least mean square (LMS) algorithm based active noise cancellation (ANC) method was adopted to diminish the impact of ambient temperature fluctuations...
February 8, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174478/scoliosis-in-adulthood-a-case-with-untreated-early-onset-scoliosis-presenting-at-the-age-of-76-years
#17
Hans-Rudolf Weiss
[Purpose] Untreated early-onset scoliosis may eventually progress to more than 90° after growth, cause severe health problems, and increase chance of mortality. Therefore, surgical intervention is often indicated prior to the development of a life-threatening deformity. This case report aims to reveal how a 76-year-old male patient with curves exceeding 110° is functioning with minimal difficulty. [Subject and Methods] The patient, who has never had surgical intervention for scoliosis, can perform his everyday activities...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166857/palliative-care-discussions-in-multiple-system-atrophy-a-retrospective-review
#18
Anita M Dayal, Mary E Jenkins, Mandar S Jog, Kurt Kimpinski, Penny MacDonald, Teneille E Gofton
OBJECTIVE: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is an incurable neurodegenerative illness in which progressive symptoms, including stridor and acute laryngeal obstruction, occur. Advanced care planning and palliative care discussions in people living with MSA are not well defined. The aim of the present study is to evaluate advanced care planning and current practices in palliative care in MSA to identify opportunities for improving quality of care. METHODS: The study is a retrospective chart review assessing the focus and timing of palliative care discussions in people living with MSA...
February 7, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149368/the-influence-of-the-gait-related-arm-swing-on-elevation-gain-measured-by-sport-watches
#19
Rahel Ammann, Wolfgang Taube, Matthias Neuhaus, Thomas Wyss
The elevation gain is an important contributor to the total workload in endurance sports. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the arm swing on elevation gain in three sport watches (Garmin® Forerunner 910XT, Polar® RS800CX and Suunto® Ambit2) on a flat 400 m outdoor track. Altogether, a total of 120 repetitions of 1,200 m were performed at self-selected speeds corresponding to strolling, walking, jogging and running. During the assessment two devices of each sport watch, one secured on the hip and one on the wrist, were worn by the participants...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149355/acute-effect-of-different-combined-stretching-methods-on-acceleration-and-speed-in-soccer-players
#20
Mohammadtaghi Amiri-Khorasani, Julio Calleja-Gonzalez, Mansooreh Mogharabi-Manzari
The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effect of different stretching methods, during a warm-up, on the acceleration and speed of soccer players. The acceleration performance of 20 collegiate soccer players (body height: 177.25 ± 5.31 cm; body mass: 65.10 ± 5.62 kg; age: 16.85 ± 0.87 years; BMI: 20.70 ± 5.54; experience: 8.46 ± 1.49 years) was evaluated after different warm-up procedures, using 10 and 20 m tests. Subjects performed five types of a warm-up: static, dynamic, combined static + dynamic, combined dynamic + static, and no-stretching...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
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