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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442369/spinal-cord-stimulation-therapy-for-gait-dysfunction-in-advanced-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#1
Olivia Samotus, Andrew Parrent, Mandar Jog
BACKGROUND: Benefits of dopaminergic therapy and deep brain stimulation are limited and unpredictable for axial symptoms in Parkinson's disease. Dorsal spinal cord stimulation may be a new therapeutic approach. The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of spinal cord stimulation on gait including freezing of gait in advanced PD patients. METHODS: Five male PD participants with significant gait disturbances and freezing of gait underwent midthoracic spinal cord stimulation...
February 14, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420620/validity-and-reliability-of-gps-and-lps-for-measuring-distances-covered-and-sprint-mechanical-properties-in-team-sports
#2
Matthias W Hoppe, Christian Baumgart, Ted Polglaze, Jürgen Freiwald
This study aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of global (GPS) and local (LPS) positioning systems for measuring distances covered and sprint mechanical properties in team sports. Here, we evaluated two recently released 18 Hz GPS and 20 Hz LPS technologies together with one established 10 Hz GPS technology. Six male athletes (age: 27±2 years; VO2max: 48.8±4.7 ml/min/kg) performed outdoors on 10 trials of a team sport-specific circuit that was equipped with double-light timing gates. The circuit included various walking, jogging, and sprinting sections that were performed either in straight-lines or with changes of direction...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390001/acute-effects-of-different-dynamic-exercises-on-hamstring-strain-risk-factors
#3
Che Hsiu Chen, Ye Xin, Kuang Wu Lee, Ming Ju Lin, Jiu Jenq Lin
The purpose of the study was to examine the acute effects of different dynamic exercise interventions on hamstring muscle performance. Thirty-six young men with poor hamstring flexibility were randomly assigned to three intervention groups: jogging combined with dynamic open kinetic chain stretching (DS), jogging combined with dynamic closed kinetic chain stretching (lunge with eccentric hamstring windmills, LEC), and jogging only (CON) groups. Hamstring flexibility, muscle stiffness (area under the curve, AUC), joint position sense (JPS), maximal eccentric strength (ECC), and angle of peak torque (APT) were recorded before and immediately after the exercise interventions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373425/the-effect-of-heat-stress-on-measures-of-running-performance-and-heart-rate-responses-during-a-competitive-season-in-male-soccer-players
#4
Nicholas A Coker, Adam J Wells, Yftach Gepner
Measures of running performance (RP) and heart rate responses (HR) to matchplay during three different heat stress (HS) conditions were assessed in seven National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I male soccer players. Total distance (TD), as well as distance covered within distinct velocity zones [walking (WALK), jogging (JOG), low speed running (LSR), high-speed running (HSR), sprinting (SPRINT), low-intensity running (LIR), and high-intensity running (HIR)] were assessed using GPS units over 12 matches...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361835/activity-monitoring-in-men-s-college-soccer-a-single-season-longitudinal-study
#5
Lindsay V Slater, Ryan Baker, Arthur L Weltman, Jay Hertel, Susan A Saliba, Joseph M Hart
Performance in soccer has been characterized previously using time-motion analyses; however, it is unclear if men's college soccer shares performance characteristics with women's college or men's professional soccer. The purpose of this study was to compare proportions of matches spent walking, jogging, running, and sprinting in men's college soccer. Twenty-two male college soccer players wore global positioning system units during matches. Proportions of walking, jogging, running, high-speed running, and sprinting were calculated for each player based on time period (first half, second half, extra time) and outcome (win, loss, tie)...
January 23, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357481/repeated-testing-for-the-assessment-of-individual-response-to-exercise-training
#6
Anne Hecksteden, Werner Pitsch, Friederike Rosenberger, Tim Meyer
Observed response to regular exercise training differs widely between individuals even in tightly controlled research settings. However, the respective contributions of random error and true interindividual differences as well as the relative frequency of non-responders are disputed. Specific challenges of analyses on the individual level as well as a striking heterogeneity in definitions may partly explain these inconsistent results. Repeated testing during the training phase specifically addresses the requirements of analyses on the individual level...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337830/exploring-the-effects-of-playing-formations-on-tactical-behaviour-and-external-workload-during-football-small-sided-games
#7
Jorge Baptista, Bruno Travassos, Bruno Gonçalves, Paulo Mourão, João L Viana, Jaime Sampaio
This study aimed to identify the effects of playing formations on tactical behaviour and external workload during football small-sided games. Twenty-three semi-professional footballers integrated three different playing formations in a 7-a-side small-sided game, according to their specific player positions: team 4:3:0 (4 defenders, 3 midfielders); team 4:1:2 (4 defenders, 1 midfielder, 2 forwards); and team 0:4:3 (4 midfielders, 3 forwards). Based on players' movement trajectories, the following individual and collective tactical variables were calculated: total distance covered and distance covered while walking, jogging, running and sprinting, distance from each player to both own and opponent's team centroid (Dist CG and Dist OPP CG, respectively), individual area, team length, team width and surface area...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336053/specific-modulation-of-vertebral-marrow-adipose-tissue-by-physical-activity
#8
Daniel L Belavy, Matthew J Quittner, Nicola D Ridgers, Adnan Shiekh, Timo Rantalainen, Guy Trudel
Marrow adipose tissue (MAT) accumulation with normal aging impacts the bone, hemopoiesis, and metabolic pathways. We investigated whether exercise was associated with lower MAT, as measured by vertebral marrow fat fraction (VFF) on magnetic resonance imaging. A total of 101 healthy individuals (54 females) aged 25 to 35 years without spine or bone disease but with distinct exercise histories were studied. Long-distance runners (67 km/wk, n = 25) exhibited lower mean lumbar VFF (27.9% [8.6%] versus 33...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307007/neurophysiology-and-neurochemistry-of-corticobasal-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Aditya A Murgai, Mandar S Jog
Corticobasal syndrome is a rare neurodegenerative disorder, which presents with a progressive, asymmetrical, akinetic rigid syndrome and early cortical signs. However, clinical, pathological, and electrophysiological heterogeneity makes the understanding of this syndrome challenging. Corticobasal syndrome can have various pathological substrates including corticobasal degeneration, Alzheimer's disease, Fronto-temporal degeneration with TDP inclusions, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287840/the-effect-of-12-weeks-of-aerobic-training-on-serum-levels-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-lipid-profile-and-anthropometric-characteristics-in-middle-age-women-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Marziyeh Saghebjoo, Zeynab Nezamdoost, Fereshteh Ahmadabadi, Iman Saffari, Azar Hamidi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks of aerobic training on serum levels of high sensitivity C- reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), lipid profile and anthropometric characteristics in middle-aged women patients with type-2 diabetes. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study, 20 women patients with type-2 diabetes (mean age, 50.25 ± 4.36 years, Body mass index, 25.51 ± 2.91 kg/m2, and body fat percentage 23...
December 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284231/assessment-of-the-influence-of-jogging-on-the-shape-of-female-foot-arches
#11
Agata Maslon, Joanna Golec, Elzbieta Szczygiel, Dorota Czechowska, Boguslaw Golec
INTRODUCTION: Both walking and its faster, running, consist of cyclical subsequent phases of swing and support; however, they differ in their time proportions as well as magnitude of acting forces. There is a lack of studies concerning the long-term consequences of repeated jogging cycles on the function of feet and, above all, on their permanent impact on the shape of foot arches. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to answer the question whether regular jogging changes the shape of the transverse and medial longitudinal arches of the feet...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249375/towards-remote-monitoring-of-parkinson-s-disease-tremor-using-wearable-motion-capture-systems
#12
Mehdi Delrobaei, Sara Memar, Marcus Pieterman, Tyler W Stratton, Kenneth McIsaac, Mandar Jog
The management of movement disorders is shifting from a centralized-clinical assessment towards remote monitoring and individualized therapy. While a variety of treatment options are available, ranging from pharmaceutical drugs to invasive neuromodulation, the clinical effects are inconsistent and often poorly measured. For instance, the lack of remote monitoring has been a major limitation to optimize therapeutic interventions for patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD). In this work, we focus on the assessment of full-body tremor as the most recognized PD symptom...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244518/differential-wavevector-distribution-of-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-and-fluorescence-in-a-film-coupled-plasmonic-nanowire-cavity
#13
Adarsh Vasista, Harshvardhan Jog, Tal Heilpern, Matthew E Sykes, Sunny Tiwari, Deepak Kumar Sharma, Shailendra Kumar Chaubey, Gary P Wiederrecht, Stephen K Gray, G V Pavan Kumar
We report on the experimental observation of differential wavevector distribution of surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and fluorescence from dye molecules confined to a gap between plasmonic silver nanowire and a thin, gold mirror. The fluorescence was mainly confined to higher values of in-plane wavevectors, whereas SERS signal was uniformly distributed along all the wavevectors. The optical energy-momentum spectra from the distal end of the nanowire revealed strong polarisation dependence of this differentiation...
December 15, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237779/estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-signaling-exacerbates-immune-mediated-nephropathies-through-alteration-of-metabolic-activity
#14
Chelsea Corradetti, Neelakshi R Jog, Matteo Cesaroni, Michael Madaio, Roberto Caricchio
Glomerulonephritis is one of the most serious manifestations of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). Because SLE is ≥10 times more common in women, a role for estrogens in disease pathogenesis has long been suspected. Estrogen receptor α (ERα) is highly expressed in renal tissue. We asked whether ERα expression contributes to the development of immune-mediated nephropathies like in lupus nephritis. We tested the overall effects of estrogen receptors on the immune response by immunization with OVA and induction of chronic graft-versus-host disease in female ERα-knockout mice...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237499/risk-factors-for-first-hospitalization-due-to-meniscal-lesions-a-population-based-cohort-study-with-30%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#15
Tea Kontio, Markku Heliövaara, Harri Rissanen, Paul Knekt, Arpo Aromaa, Svetlana Solovieva
BACKGROUND: Meniscal lesions are among the most common injuries of the knee, yet limited epidemiologic data is available on their risk factors. We investigated the association of lifestyle factors and physical strenuousness of work on knee injuries with a focus on meniscal lesions. METHODS: We examined a nationally representative sample of persons aged 30 to 59 years, who participated in a comprehensive health examination (the Mini-Finland Health Survey). Subjects without any injury or osteoarthritis in the knee joint at baseline (n = 4713) were subsequently followed via the National Hospital Discharge Register up to 30 years...
December 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233238/neck-kinematics-and-electromyography-while-wearing-head-supported-mass-during-running
#16
Matthew M Hanks, JoEllen M Sefton, Gretchen D Oliver
BACKGROUND: Advanced combat helmets (ACH) coupled with night-vision goggles (NVG) are required for tactical athletes during training and service. Head and neck injuries due to head supported mass (HSM) are a common occurrence in military personnel. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of HSM on neck muscle fatigue that may lead to chronic stress and injury of the head and neck. METHODS: Subjects wore an ACH and were affixed with electromagnetic sensors to obtain kinematic data, as well as EMG electrodes to obtain muscle activations of bilateral sternocleidomastoid, upper trapezius, and paraspinal muscles while running on a treadmill...
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221579/biomarkers-in-connective-tissue-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Neelakshi R Jog, Judith A James
Autoimmune connective tissue diseases are clinically variable, making biomarkers desirable for assessing future disease risk, supporting early and accurate diagnosis, monitoring disease activity and progression, selecting therapeutics, and assessing treatment response. Because of their correlations with specific clinical characteristics and often with disease progression, autoantibodies and other soluble mediators are considered potential biomarkers. Additional biomarkers might reflect downstream pathologic processes or appear because of ongoing inflammation and damage...
December 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194358/automated-ecological-assessment-of-physical-activity-advancing-direct-observation
#18
Jordan A Carlson, Bo Liu, James F Sallis, Jacqueline Kerr, J Aaron Hipp, Vincent S Staggs, Amy Papa, Kelsey Dean, Nuno M Vasconcelos
Technological advances provide opportunities for automating direct observations of physical activity, which allow for continuous monitoring and feedback. This pilot study evaluated the initial validity of computer vision algorithms for ecological assessment of physical activity. The sample comprised 6630 seconds per camera (three cameras in total) of video capturing up to nine participants engaged in sitting, standing, walking, and jogging in an open outdoor space while wearing accelerometers. Computer vision algorithms were developed to assess the number and proportion of people in sedentary, light, moderate, and vigorous activity, and group-based metabolic equivalents of tasks (MET)-minutes...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193054/indomethacin-responsive-idiopathic-red-ear-syndrome-case-report-and-pathophysiology
#19
Tommy L H Chan, Werner J Becker, Mandar Jog
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192842/validity-of-an-ultra-wideband-local-positioning-system-to-measure-locomotion-in-indoor-sports
#20
F R Serpiello, W G Hopkins, S Barnes, J Tavrou, G M Duthie, R J Aughey, K Ball
The validity of an Ultra-wideband (UWB) positioning system was investigated during linear and change-of-direction (COD) running drills. Six recreationally-active men performed ten repetitions of four activities (walking, jogging, maximal acceleration, and 45º COD) on an indoor court. Activities were repeated twice, in the centre of the court and on the side. Participants wore a receiver tag (Clearsky T6, Catapult Sports) and two reflective markers placed on the tag to allow for comparisons with the criterion system (Vicon)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
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