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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912081/combined-effects-of-self-myofascial-release-and-dynamic-stretching-on-range-of-motion-jump-sprint-and-agility-performance
#1
Erick D Richman, Brian M Tyo, Clayton R Nicks
Richman, ED, Tyo, BM, and Nicks, CR. Combined effects of self-myofascial release and dynamic stretching on range of motion, jump, sprint, and agility performance. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Massage has been used as both a pre- and post-exercise modality with purported benefits to flexibility and athletic performance. This study was designed to determine the effect of a 6-minute protocol of self massage known as self-myofascial release (SMR) using a foam rolling device in conjunction with a general warm-up and sport-specific dynamic stretching (DS) session on flexibility and explosive athletic performance in a sample of 14 female collegiate athletes...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910328/duration-dependent-effect-of-static-stretching-on-quadriceps-and-hamstring-muscle-force
#2
Leyla Alizadeh Ebadi, Ebru Çetin
The aim of this study was to determine the acute effect of static stretching on hamstring and quadriceps muscles' isokinetic strength when applied for various durations to elite athletes, to investigate the effect of different static stretching durations on isokinetic strength, and finally to determine the optimal stretching duration. Fifteen elite male athletes from two different sport branches (10 football and five basketball) participated in this study. Experimental protocol was designed as 17 repetitive static stretching exercises for hamstring and quadriceps muscle groups according to the indicated experimental protocols; ((A) 5 min jogging; (B) 5 min jogging followed by 15 s static stretching; (C) 5 min jogging followed by 30 s static stretching; (D) 5 min jogging, followed by static stretching for 45 s)...
March 13, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907516/repeatability-of-tibial-acceleration-measurements-made-on-children-during-walking-and-running
#3
Oren Tirosh, Guy Orland, Alon Eliakim, Dan Nemet, Nili Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: To determine the between-visit reliability of an accelerometer as a measure of lower-extremity impact acceleration at a variety of gait speeds in children. DESIGN: Absolute reliability assessment. METHODS: Ten children with no known gait pathology attended two testing sessions, three weeks apart. A tri-axial accelerometer was fixed to the child's distal tibia to measure peak positive acceleration responses while walking and running on the treadmill at three different speeds (comfortable walking, threshold walking, and jogging)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899308/thermal-energy-harvesting-on-the-bodily-surfaces-of-arms-and-legs-through-a-wearable-thermo-electric-generator
#4
Antonino Proto, Daniele Bibbo, Martin Cerny, David Vala, Vladimir Kasik, Lukas Peter, Silvia Conforto, Maurizio Schmid, Marek Penhaker
This work analyzes the results of measurements on thermal energy harvesting through a wearable Thermo-electric Generator (TEG) placed on the arms and legs. Four large skin areas were chosen as locations for the placement of the TEGs. In order to place the generator on the body, a special manufactured band guaranteed the proper contact between the skin and TEG. Preliminary measurements were performed to find out the value of the resistor load which maximizes the power output. Then, an experimental investigation was conducted for the measurement of harvested energy while users were performing daily activities, such as sitting, walking, jogging, and riding a bike...
June 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880325/increasing-physical-activity-might-be-more-effective-to-improve-foot-structure-and-function-than-weight-reduction-in-obese-adults
#5
Xiaoguang Zhao, Takehiko Tsujimoto, Bokun Kim, Yasutomi Katayama, Kiyoji Tanaka
Obesity is reported to be an important factor affecting foot structure and function. For obese individuals, weight reduction or increasing weight physical activity could be an effective approach to improve foot structure and function. The present study sought to determine the effect of weight reduction and increasing physical activity on foot structure and function in obese Japanese and to investigate which intervention is more beneficial. The participants were divided into the weight reduction group (n = 30; body mass index 29...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871003/-standards-in-rehabilitation-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-the-german-speaking-world
#6
Christina Valle, Anja Hirschmüller, Marcus Schmitt-Sody, Bernhard Haller, Matthias Keller, Wolfgang Schoch, Helmut Hoffman, Philipp Minzlaff
INTRODUCTION:  Rehabilitation protocols following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction often differ among orthopaedic surgeons. The primary aim of this study was to investigate which follow-up treatment is recommended by "AGA instructors" certified by the German-speaking Association for Arthroscopic and Open Joint Surgery (AGA). The secondary aim was to compare these findings with the current literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS:  A structured anonymous online survey was performed with "AGA instructors" specialised in knee or ACL surgery...
June 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867708/method-of-levodopa-response-calculation-determines-strength-of-association-with-clinical-factors-in-parkinson-disease
#7
Marcus Pieterman, Scott Adams, Mandar Jog
Background: The levodopa challenge test is routinely used in Parkinson disease (PD) to determine a patient's motor improvement following levodopa administration [levodopa response (LR)]. LR is most commonly reported as a percent OFF to ON change in the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) part III score, and occasionally as an absolute difference in score. This inconsistency in LR determination alters how clinical factors such as patient age and disease duration are understood in relation to LR in PD...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809093/determination-of-ankle-and-metatarsophalangeal-stiffness-during-walking-and-jogging
#8
Fabian Mager, Jim Richards, Malika Hennies, Eugen Dötzel, Ambreen Chohan, Alex Mbuli, Felix Capanni
Forefoot stiffness has been shown to influence joint biomechanics. However, little or no data exists on metatarsophalangeal stiffness. Twenty-four healthy rearfoot strike runners were recruited from a staff and student population at the University of Central Lancashire. Five repetitions of shod, self-selected speed level walking and jogging were performed. Kinetic and kinematic data were collected using retro-reflective markers placed on the lower limb and foot, to create a three-segment foot model using the Calibrated Anatomical System Technique...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787697/rehabilitation-practice-patterns-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-survey-of-physical-therapists
#9
Elliot M Greenberg, Eric T Greenberg, Jeffrey Albaugh, Eileen Storey, Theodore J Ganley
Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Background Recovery from anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) requires an intensive course of post-operative rehabilitation. Although guidelines outlining evidence-based rehabilitation recommendations have been published, the actual practice patterns of physical therapists are unknown. Objectives To analyze the current landscape of clinical practice as it pertains to rehabilitation progression and the use of time and objective criteria following ACLR. Methods An online survey was distributed to members of the orthopaedics, sports and private practice sections of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) between January and March 2017...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786632/influences-of-playing-position-and-quality-of-opposition-on-standardized-relative-distance-covered-in-domestic-women-s-field-hockey-implications-for-coaches
#10
Don Vinson, Nicola Gerrett, David V B James
Vinson, D, Gerrett, N, and James, DVB. Influences of playing position and quality of opposition on standardized relative distance covered in domestic women's field hockey: Implications for coaches. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1770-1777, 2018-The purpose of this study was to compare the standardized relative distance covered by the various playing positions (defenders, midfielders, and forwards) against different quality of opponents in domestic women's field hockey. Data were collected from 13 individuals competing for 1 team in the English Premier League across an 18-game season...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779442/assessment-of-low-and-high-level-task-performance-in-people-with-transtibial-amputation-using-crossover-and-energy-storing-prosthetic-feet-a-pilot-study
#11
Elizabeth G Halsne, Cody L McDonald, Sara J Morgan, Sarah M Cheever, Brian J Hafner
BACKGROUND: Crossover feet incorporate features of energy-storing feet and running-specific feet. As such, crossover feet may be suitable for both daily ambulation and participation in physically demanding activities. OBJECTIVES: To compare crossover feet and energy-storing feet on performance-based tests including a range of low-level (e.g. sit-to-stand) and high-level (e.g. jogging) activities. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, repeated measures...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772291/watching-television-or-listening-to-music-while-exercising-failed-to-affect-post-exercise-food-intake-or-energy-expenditure-in-male-adolescents
#12
Holly Livock, Joel D Barnes, Catherine Pouliot, Allana G LeBlanc, Travis J Saunders, Mark S Tremblay, Denis Prud'homme, Jean-Philippe Chaput
Watching television or listening to music while exercising can serve as motivating factors, making it more pleasant to exercise for some people. However, it is unknown whether these stimuli influence food intake and/or physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) for the remainder of the day, potentially impacting energy balance and weight control. We examined the effects of watching television or listening to music while exercising on post-exercise energy intake and expenditure. Our study was a randomized crossover design, in which 24 male adolescents (mean age: 14...
May 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759101/effect-of-the-health-tourism-weight-loss-programme-on-body-composition-and-health-outcomes-in-healthy-and-excess-weight-adults
#13
Hiroyuki Sagayama, Kayoko Shizuma, Makiko Toguchi, Hiroji Mizuhara, Yukiko Machida, Yosuke Yamada, Naoyuki Ebine, Yasuki Higaki, Hiroaki Tanaka
Excess weight loss while minimising fat-free mass (FFM) loss is important for health. Travel is a particular period at risk for weight gain and for which the effects of a short-term intensive weight loss programme have not been studied. Therefore, we studied the effect of a novel, 1-week supervised health travel programme combining high volume, low-to-moderate intensity exercise and energy intake restriction on weight, body composition and health outcomes in adults. Weight was also monitored for 12 weeks after the programme...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756683/non-operative-management-of-isolated-single-abdominal-stab-wound-is-it-safe
#14
Hong Xiang Lee, Matthew Hauser, Shivangi Jog, Peter Bautz, Christopher Dobbins
BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on our hospital, a Level 1 trauma centre, where stable patients with single abdominal stab wounds are considered for non-operative (conservative) management if they fulfil the criteria with the aid of computed tomography. The aim is to review our current approach in managing these patients. METHODS: Patients' data were obtained from January 2005 to June 2016. All injuries classed as assault or self-harm by sharp object in Injury Severity Score body region 4 were included...
May 14, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756587/spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension-as-a-cause-of-exacerbation-in-huntington-s-disease
#15
Enriqueta Lúcar Figueroa, Mandar S Jog, David M Pelz, Stephen P Lownie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746993/combination-of-exercise-and-acupuncture-vs-acupuncture-alone-for-treatment-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Bina Eftekharsadat, Elmira Porjafar, Fariba Eslamian, Seyed Kazem Shakouri, Hamid Reza Fadavi, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Arash Babaei-Ghazani
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. This study was designed to compare the effects of aerobic exercise plus acupuncture with acupuncture alone in treatment of patients with MPS. Sixty four patients (55 female and 9 male) with myofascial pain syndrome in their neck and shoulders participated in the study with mean age of 33.1± 6.4. Participants were randomly allocated to aerobic exercise plus acupuncture (n = 32) or acupuncture alone (n = 32) groups. Outcome measurements included Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Pressure Pain Threshold (PPT), Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Quality of Life which was measured with QoL-SF36 scale...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720949/active-recovery-after-high-intensity-interval-training-does-not-attenuate-training-adaptation
#17
Thimo Wiewelhove, Christoph Schneider, Alina Schmidt, Alexander Döweling, Tim Meyer, Michael Kellmann, Mark Pfeiffer, Alexander Ferrauti
Objective: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) can be extremely demanding and can consequently produce high blood lactate levels. Previous studies have shown that lactate is a potent metabolic stimulus, which is important for adaptation. Active recovery (ACT) after intensive exercise, however, enhances blood lactate removal in comparison with passive recovery (PAS) and, consequently, may attenuate endurance performance improvements. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the influence of regular ACT on training adaptations during a HIIT mesocycle...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719726/effect-of-short-and-long-moderate-intensity-exercises-in-modifying-cardiometabolic-markers-in-sedentary-kenyans-aged-50-years-and-above
#18
Karani Magutah, Rebecca Meiring, Nilesh B Patel, Kihumbu Thairu
Objectives: We compared effects of shorter moderate-intensity exercise time (<10 min bouts) on cardiometabolic parameters with the current recommendations among elderly adults. Methods: Fifty-three sedentary individuals aged ≥50 years were divided into exercise groups1: male and2 female short-duration bouts (MS and FS , respectively), and3 male and4 female long-duration bouts (ML and FL , respectively). Short-duration bouts consisted three 5-10 min moderate-intensity jogging sessions daily, and long-duration bouts consisted 30-60 min sessions 3-5 days weekly...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701412/functional-popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome
#19
Luis Gamas, João Rocha Neves, Luís Machado, Ricardo Ferreira, Pedro Paz Dias, José Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Popliteal artery entrapment is an uncommon syndrome, caused by extrinsic compression of the popliteal artery by muscular or tendinous structures. It occurs mainly in young individuals, with no atherosclerostic risk factors, and a mean age of presentation of 20 to 40 years, and has higher prevalence in males (83% of patients). Clinical presentation depends on the degree of arterial lesion, the most common being intermittent claudication, with critical ischemia being frequent...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693422/radius-of-care-in-secondary-schools-in-the-midwest-are-automated-external-defibrillators-sufficiently-accessible-to-enable-optimal-patient-care
#20
Michael Osterman, Tina Claiborne, Victor Liberi
CONTEXT:   Sudden cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death among young athletes. According to the American Heart Association, an automated external defibrillator (AED) should be available within a 1- to 1.5-minute brisk walk from the patient for the highest chance of survival. Secondary school personnel have reported a lack of understanding about the proper number and placement of AEDs for optimal patient care. OBJECTIVE:   To determine whether fixed AEDs were located within a 1- to 1...
April 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
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