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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818063/variations-in-adolescents-motivational-characteristics-across-gender-and-physical-activity-patterns-a-latent-class-analysis-approach
#1
Margaret Lawler, Caroline Heary, Elizabeth Nixon
BACKGROUND: Neglecting to take account of the underlying context or type of physical activity (PA) that underpins overall involvement has resulted in a limited understanding of adolescents' PA participation. The purpose of the present research was to identify male and female adolescents' leisure time PA patterns and examine whether psychological processes derived from self-determination theory differ as a function of the pattern of PA undertaken. METHODS: Nine hundred ninety-five students (61...
August 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816399/preliminary-results-on-the-photoluminescence-and-optically-stimulated-luminescence-in-cu-doped-and-ag-doped-znb2-x4-b%C3%A2-%C3%A2-li-na-k-x%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cl-br-compounds
#2
Milind Jog, Rajesh Patil, Yogesh More, Mukund Kulkarni, Sanjiv Moharil
Photoluminescence, and optically stimulated luminescence in ZnB2 X4 (B; Li,Na,K: X; Cl,Br) compounds doped with Cu(+) or Ag(+) were studied. Double humped emission bands attributable to the activators were observed in all the samples. The observed photoluminescence of Cu(+) and Ag(+) could be identified with 3d(9) 4s(1) ↔3d(10) and 4d(9) 5s(1) ↔5d(10) transitions respectively. The longer wavelength band (400-500 nm range) could be attributed to the Cu(+) or Ag(+) ion replacing alkali ion at the octahedral alkali site whereas short wavelength band (340-400 nm range) is attributed to a Cu or Ag ion at tetrahedral zinc site...
August 17, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801958/virtual-reality-jogging-as-a-novel-exposure-paradigm-for-the-acute-urge-to-be-physically-active-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-implications-for-treatment
#3
Georgios Paslakis, Vanessa Fauck, Kathrin Röder, Elisabeth Rauh, Manfred Rauh, Yesim Erim
The acute urge to be physically active is a relevant clinical phenomenon in patients suffering from eating disorders. In this study with n = 20 female patients with anorexia nervosa and n = 10 female patients with bulimia nervosa, a virtual reality (VR) jogging paradigm was applied as a novel highly immersive 3-D exposure paradigm. Patients were asked to rate their acute urge to be physically active during the exposure procedure. A 10-item self-report questionnaire (smQ) was developed to capture the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of the acute urge to move...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797831/validity-of-the-actigraph-gt3x-and-bodymedia-sensewear-armband-to-estimate-energy-expenditure-during-physical-activity-and-sport
#4
Paul B Gastin, Cassy Cayzer, Dan Dwyer, Sam Robertson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of the ActiGraph GT3X+ (GT3X+) and the BodyMedia SenseWear Armband (SWA) to estimate energy expenditure (EE) during physical activity and field sport movements. DESIGN: Criterion validity. METHODS: Twenty-six active adults completed a single 90min session involving alternating intervals of exercise (5min) and recovery (10min). Exercise involved walking (4km/h), jogging (8km/h), running (12km/h) or a sport-simulated circuit (three intervals)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783473/heel-rise-height-deficit-1-year-after-achilles-tendon-rupture-relates-to-changes-in-ankle-biomechanics-6-years-after-injury
#5
Annelie Brorsson, Richard W Willy, Roy Tranberg, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the height of a heel-rise performed in the single-leg standing heel-rise test 1 year after an Achilles tendon rupture (ATR) correlates with ankle biomechanics during walking, jogging, and jumping in the long-term. PURPOSE: To explore the differences in ankle biomechanics, tendon length, calf muscle recovery, and patient-reported outcomes at a mean of 6 years after ATR between 2 groups that, at 1-year follow-up, had less than 15% versus greater than 30% differences in heel-rise height...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760175/a-randomized-control-intervention-investigating-the-effects-of-acute-exercise-on-emotional-regulation
#6
Meghan K Edwards, Ryan E Rhodes, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVES: Exercise may help to cope with hectic or demanding events after a stressful situation occurs. Limited research has evaluated whether exercise, prior to a stressor, helps to facilitate subsequent emotional regulation. This pilot study addresses this novel paradigm. We employed a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effects of acute exercise on emotional regulation. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to stretch (control group, N = 10), walk (N = 9), or jog (N = 8) for 15-minutes, after which they were exposed to a film clip intended to elicit a negative emotional response...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737142/prevention-and-treatment-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-deficiency-in-children-and-adolescents-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-iap-guidelines
#7
Anuradha Khadilkar, Vaman Khadilkar, Jagdish Chinnappa, Narendra Rathi, Rajesh Khadgawat, S Balasubramanian, Bakul Parekh, Pramod Jog
JUSTIFICATION: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is being increasingly reported from India from all age-groups. Reports suggest that VDD affects all age groups, from neonates to adolescents. Further, habitually low calcium intakes are also reported in Indian children. Given the multiple guidelines, peculiarities of Indian circumstances, changing lifestyles, and lack of fortification, the Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) felt the need for a Practice Guideline for Pediatricians for the prevention and treatment of vitamin D and calcium deficiency in children and adolescents...
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718704/a-study-of-sports-related-orbital-fractures-in-singapore
#8
Jing Zhan Lock, Raghuraj Hegde, Stephanie Young, Thiam Chye Lim, Shantha Amrith, Gangadhara Sundar
With an increased popularity of sport and active living worldwide, our study aims to explore the incidence and features of sports-related orbital fractures in Singapore. 1421 computer tomography (CT) imaging scans of the face and orbits done at the National University Hospital over a 24-month period from January 2013 and December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively for orbital fractures. We identified 483 orbital fractures of which sports injury was the fourth most common etiology (n = 65; 13.5%) after road traffic accident (n = 131; 27...
July 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716076/klf8-regulates-left-right-asymmetric-patterning-through-modulation-of-kupffer-s-vesicle-morphogenesis-and-spaw-expression
#9
Che-Yi Lin, Ming-Yuan Tsai, Yu-Hsiu Liu, Yu-Fen Lu, Yi-Chung Chen, Yun-Ren Lai, Hsin-Chi Liao, Huang-Wei Lien, Chung-Hsiang Yang, Chang-Jen Huang, Sheng-Ping L Hwang
BACKGROUND: Although vertebrates are bilaterally symmetric organisms, their internal organs are distributed asymmetrically along a left-right axis. Disruption of left-right axis asymmetric patterning often occurs in human genetic disorders. In zebrafish embryos, Kupffer's vesicle, like the mouse node, breaks symmetry by inducing asymmetric expression of the Nodal-related gene, spaw, in the left lateral plate mesoderm (LPM). Spaw then stimulates transcription of itself and downstream genes, including lft1, lft2, and pitx2, specifically in the left side of the diencephalon, heart and LPM...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715061/physical-activity-assessment-during-gestation-and-its-outcomes-a-review
#10
Wanda Forczek, Marta Curyło, Barbara Forczek
Background: Physical activity recommendations emphasize a positive influence of exercise on health. It is particularly recognized during pregnancy for both the mother and fetus. Aim: This review aims to identify the main trends of activity undertaken by women during gestation and to find out how it affects the expecting mother and her child. Methods: Review of the literature comprising the following databases: PubMed, Academic Search Complete, Health Source-Consumer Edition, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, EMBASE (2000 to May 2013), used detailed search strategies...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709469/prevalence-and-sociodemographic-patterns-of-physical-activity-among-bangladeshi-young-adults
#11
Riaz Uddin, Asaduzzaman Khan, Nicola W Burton
BACKGROUND: Physical activity offers physical and psychosocial health benefits that are important during young adulthood and later in life. However, little is known about the physical activity of young adults in low- and middle-income countries. The purpose of this study was to estimate the participation of physical activity in Bangladeshi young adults and to assess differences by gender, age and family income. METHODS: This cross-sectional study with a self-administered survey used a convenience sample of 573 young adults aged 18-24 years from six purposively selected universities in Dhaka City, Bangladesh...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704308/fatigue-in-u12-soccer-7-players-during-repeated-one-day-tournament-games-a-pilot-study
#12
Javier Sanchez-Sanchez, Mario Sanchez, Daniel Hernandez, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Martínez, Fabio Y Nakamura
The aim of this study was to describe and compare the distances and displacement speeds of U12 Soccer-7 athletes during four tournament Soccer-7 games (TG) played in less than 24-h (experimental condition) with those recorded during two league Soccer-7 games (LG) with 24-h of rest prior to the match (control condition). Ten participants (age = 10.3 ± 0.5 years) were recruited for the study. Main data analyzed during games included distance completed relative to match duration (Drel), maximal velocity and distance completed at different running speeds (including acceleration, deceleration, standing, walking, jogging, medium-intensity running, high-intensity running and sprinting)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685647/effects-of-a-phase-change-cooling-garment-during-exercise-in-the-heat
#13
Cory L Butts, Madeline L Torretta, Cody R Smith, Adam J Petway, Brendon P McDermott
The purpose of our study was to examine the physiological, perceptual, and performance effects of wearing a phase change cooling garment (CG) during an interval exercise routine in the heat. Sixteen male participants (age 23 ± 3 years, ht 1.76 ± 0.11 m; wt 78.5 ± 11.2 kg; body fat 15.2 ± 5.8%) completed two trials (one with phase change inserts, CG, and one control without inserts) consisting of two submaximal exercise portions separated by 5-minute seated rest, and a final maximal effort performance bout...
September 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685262/urinary-leakage-during-exercise-problematic-activities-adaptive-behaviors-and-interest-in-treatment-for-physically-active-canadian-women
#14
Erin Brennand, Eider Ruiz-Mirazo, Selphee Tang, Shunaha Kim-Fine
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urine loss during recreational exercise is problematic. We aimed to characterize which activities are most frequently reported as causing leakage for women, adaptive management mechanisms, and awareness and interest in treatment in a cohort of physically active women. METHODS: We administered an anonymous questionnaire to 59 physically active women in Canada. Surveys were completed electronically or on paper. Demographic information was obtained...
July 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664257/running-out-of-options-rhabdomyolysis-associated-with-cannabis-hyperemesis-syndrome
#15
Bernard E Trappey, Andrew P J Olson
Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is a condition in which some patients with long-term, frequent use of cannabis paradoxically develop recurrent episodes of nausea and vomiting. The pathophysiology underlying this condition is poorly understood, as is the explanation for its common association with patients' discovery that hot-water bathing alleviates symptoms. We describe the case of a 24-year-old male with daily marijuana use and a history of CHS who was found to have rhabdomyolysis induced by a period of 15 h of continuous jogging after he discovered that this activity helped to alleviate his symptoms...
June 29, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657694/the-aspergillus-nidulans-velvet-interacting-protein-vipa-is-involved-in-light-stimulated-heme-biosynthesis
#16
Julian Röhrig, Zhenzhong Yu, Keon-Sang Chae, Jog-Hwa Kim, Kap-Hoon Han, Reinhard Fischer
Filamentous fungi are able to differentiate morphologically and adapt the metabolism to internal and external cues. One major regulator is the so-called velvet protein, VeA, best studied in Aspergillus nidulans. The protein interacts with several other proteins to regulate light sensing, the balance between asexual and sexual development, penicillin biosynthesis or mycotoxin production. Here, we characterized a novel VeA-interacting protein, VipA. The 334 amino acid long protein comprises a FAR1-like DNA-binding domain, known from plant transcription factors like FHY3 (Far-red elongated hypocotyl 3)...
June 28, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654948/self-rated-communication-related-quality-of-life-of-individuals-with-oromandibular-dystonia-receiving-botulinum-toxin-injections
#17
Allyson D Page, Lauren Siegel, Mandar Jog
Purpose: In this preliminary study, we examined self-rated communication-related quality of life (CR-QoL) of 10 control participants and 10 individuals with oromandibular dystonia (OMD) and dysarthria receiving therapeutic botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) injections. Method: Participants with OMD and associated dysarthria self-rated CR-QoL pre- and post- BoNT-A injection using the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's Quality of Communication Life Scale (ASHA QCL; Paul et al...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640769/physiological-profile-and-activity-pattern-of-minor-gaelic-football-players
#18
Bryan D Cullen, Mark T Roantree, Andrew L McCarren, David T Kelly, Paul L OʼConnor, Sarah M Hughes, Pat G Daly, Niall M Moyna
Cullen, BD, Roantree, M, McCarren, A, Kelly, DT, O'Connor, PL, Hughes, SM, Daly, PG, and Moyna1, NM. Physiological profile and activity pattern of minor Gaelic football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1811-1820, 2017-The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physiological profile and activity pattern in club- and county-level under-18 (U-18) Gaelic football players relative to playing position. Participants (n = 85) were analyzed during 17 official 15-a-side matches using global positioning system technology (SPI Pro X II; GPSports Systems, Canberra, Australia) and heart rate (HR) telemetry...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617897/recreational-activity-and-facial-trauma-among-older-adults
#19
Andrea Plawecki, Michael Bobian, Aron Kandinov, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Michael Carron
Importance: As the US population ages, public health agencies have released guidelines encouraging aerobic activity and muscle-strengthening exercises among older individuals. Facial trauma from such activities among elderly individuals has long been underappreciated. Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of recreational activity-associated facial fractures among older adults and to further delineate injury characteristics including demographics, fracture location, and specific activities...
June 15, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617517/selective-fasciotomy-for-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-detected-with-exercise-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Sehan Park, Ho Seong Lee, Sang Gyo Seo
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome that is refractory to conservative management should be treated with surgical fasciotomy. However, owing to the limitations of intracompartmental needle manometry in reaching a definite diagnosis, the appropriate timing for fasciotomy and on which compartment remain unclear. The authors report the case of a 22-year-old male military cadet who reported pain in his left calf when running or walking for long distances. The pain was located at the lateral aspect of the calf, from the mid-calf level to the ankle...
June 15, 2017: Orthopedics
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