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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643758/prevalence-of-supplement-use-in-recreationally-active-kazakhstan-university-students
#1
Denis Vinnikov, Zhanna Romanova, Anar Dushpanova, Karashash Absatarova, Zhazira Utepbergenova
Background: Little is known about the supplements use and recreational sport practices in Kazakhstan university students. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ascertain supplements use prevalence and their predictors in this population. Methods: Cross-sectional survey of both undergraduate and graduate level students was completed in 2017 et al.-Farabi Kazakh National University, the largest higher institution in the country, from almost all Schools. A 45-item questionnaire was used to record physical activity, supplements use, lifestyle attributes (smoking, alcohol, sleep, etc...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617523/effects-of-sacubitril-valsartan-on-physical-and-social-activity-limitations-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-paradigm-hf-trial
#2
Alvin Chandra, Eldrin F Lewis, Brian L Claggett, Akshay S Desai, Milton Packer, Michael R Zile, Karl Swedberg, Jean L Rouleau, Victor C Shi, Martin P Lefkowitz, Tzvetana Katova, John J V McMurray, Scott D Solomon
Importance: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with heart failure is markedly reduced compared with that in patients with other chronic diseases, demonstrating substantial limitations in physical and social activities. In the Prospective Comparison of ARNI With an ACE-Inhibitor to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure (PARADIGM-HF) trial, sacubitril/valsartan improved overall HRQL compared with enalapril, as determined by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ)...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589507/development-content-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-lifelong-physical-activity-skills-battery-in-adolescents
#3
Ryan M Hulteen, Lisa M Barnett, Philip J Morgan, Leah E Robinson, Christian J Barton, Brian H Wrotniak, David R Lubans
Numerous skill batteries assess fundamental motor skill (e.g., kick, hop) competence. Few skill batteries examine lifelong physical activity skill competence (e.g., resistance training). This study aimed to develop and assess the content validity, test-retest and inter-rater reliability of the "Lifelong Physical Activity Skills Battery". Development of the skill battery occurred in three stages: i) systematic reviews of lifelong physical activity participation rates and existing motor skill assessment tools, ii) practitioner consultation and iii) research expert consultation...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589407/validity-and-reliability-of-an-inertial-device-wimu-protm-to-quantify-physical-activity-level-through-steps-measurement
#4
Alejandro Hernández-Belmonte, Alejandro Bastida-Castillo, Carlos D Gómez-Carmona, José Pino-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an increase in the application of accelerometers to quantify physical activity level through daily steps, and therefore, it is required that the devices are valid and reliable. The current study tested (i) the validity of the WIMU PROTM inertial device in steps detection and (ii) the inter-device reliability for steps measurement. METHODS: Ten endurance-trained men volunteered to participate in this study (height: 1.78 ± 0.05 m; body mass: 72...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576552/frontal-theta-asymmetry-as-a-biomarker-of-depression
#5
A S Dharmadhikari, A L Tandle, S V Jaiswal, V A Sawant, V N Vahia, N Jog
INTRODUCTION: Electroencephalography (EEG) has been used extensively to study affective disorders. Quantitative spectral analysis of an EEG scan has been used to assess the biological basis of emotional disorders such as depression as well as to investigate biomarkers of affective disorders. Inter-hemispheric asymmetries in both baseline and stimulus-evoked frequencies (alpha, beta, theta, and delta) are potential biomarkers of depression. The role of frontal alpha asymmetry has been established, but other spectral frequencies such as frontal theta remain elusive...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571855/quantification-of-whole-body-bradykinesia-in-parkinson-s-disease-participants-using-multiple-inertial-sensors
#6
Sara Memar, Mehdi Delrobaei, Marcus Pieterman, Kenneth McIsaac, Mandar Jog
Bradykinesia (slowness of movement) is a common motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD) that can severely affect quality of life for those living with the disease. Assessment and treatment of PD motor symptoms largely depends on clinical scales such as the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). However, such clinical scales rely on the visual assessment by a human observer, naturally resulting in inter-rater variability. Although previous studies have developed objective means for measuring bradykinesia in PD patients, their evaluation was restricted by the type of movement and number of joints assessed...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557988/personalized-botulinum-toxin-type-a-therapy-for-cervical-dystonia-based-on-kinematic-guidance
#7
Olivia Samotus, Jack Lee, Mandar Jog
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) injections is the accepted first-line therapy for cervical dystonia (CD), however, numerous patients discontinue treatment early due to perceived sub-optimal relief. To improve BoNT-A therapy for CD, proper assessment of neck motion and selection of relevant muscles and dosing must be met. Kinematic technology may improve treatment outcomes by guiding physicians to better tailor muscle selection and BoNT-A dosing for CD therapy. METHODS: 28 CD participants were placed into either group: expert injector determined injection patterns by visual assessment ("vb") versus injection patterns based on kinematics interpreted by an expert injector ("kb")...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528481/all-inside-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-of-techniques-outcomes-and-complications
#8
Darren de Sa, Ajaykumar Shanmugaraj, Melissa Weidman, Devin C Peterson, Nicole Simunovic, Volker Musahl, Olufemi R Ayeni
The all-inside technique (AIT) for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is gaining popularity as a more anatomic, less invasive, technique with the potential for more rapid recovery. This systematic review aims to critically assess components of the technique, its safety profile, outcomes, and complications. PUBMED, EMBASE, and MEDLINE were searched for studies discussing primary ACLR using the AIT. Article screening, quality assessment, and data abstraction were completed in duplicate, and a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) was used to frame the descriptive results in a clinically significant context...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508548/effectiveness-of-various-isometric-exercises-at-improving-bone-strength-in-cortical-regions-prone-to-distal-tibial-stress-fractures
#9
C S Florio
A computational model was used to compare the local bone strengthening effectiveness of various isometric exercises that may reduce the likelihood of distal tibial stress fractures. The developed model predicts local endosteal and periosteal cortical accretion and resorption based on relative local and global measures of the tibial stress state and its surface variation. Using a multisegment three-dimensional leg model, tibia shape adaptations due to thirty-three combinations of hip, knee, and ankle joint angles and the direction of a single or sequential series of generated isometric resultant forces were predicted...
March 5, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501470/changes-in-cognitive-function-after-a-12-week-exercise-intervention-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#10
Lauren T Ptomey, Amanda N Szabo, Erik A Willis, Anna M Gorczyca, J Leon Greene, Jessica C Danon, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Between 250,000 and 400,000 individuals in the United States are diagnosed with Down syndrome (DS). Nearly all adults with DS will develop Alzheimer's disease pathology starting in their thirties. Recent studies suggest that increased physical activity (PA) may be important for maintaining components of cognition, including memory. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in cognitive function after completion of a 12-week exercise intervention in adults with DS...
February 26, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498689/novel-wearable-electrodes-based-on-conductive-chitosan-fabrics-and-their-application-in-smart-garments
#11
Haiming Qin, Junrong Li, Beihai He, Jingbo Sun, Lingrui Li, Liying Qian
Smart garments, which can capture electrocardiogram signals at any time or location, can alert others to the risk of heart attacks and prevent sudden cardiac death when people are sleeping, walking, or running. Novel wearable electrodes for smart garments based on conductive chitosan fabrics were fabricated by electroless plating of silver nanoparticles onto the surfaces of the fibers. The electrical resistance, which is related to the silver content of the composite fabrics, can be as low as 0.0332 ± 0.0041 Ω/sq due to the strong reactivity between amine groups and silver ions...
March 2, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493211/a-through-layer-buckle-wavelength-gradient-design-for-the-coupling-of-high-sensitivity-and-stretchability-in-a-single-strain-sensor
#12
Tengyu He, Chu-Cheng Lin, Liangjing Shi, Ranran Wang, Jing Sun
Recent years have witnessed a breathtaking development of wearable strain sensors. Coupling high sensitivity and stretchability in a strain sensor is greatly desired by emerging wearable applications but remains a big challenge. To tackle this issue, a through-layer buckle wavelength-gradient design is proposed and a facile and universal fabrication strategy is demonstrated to introduce such a gradient into the sensing film with multilayered sensing units. Following this strategy, strain sensors are fabricated using graphene woven fabrics (GWFs) as sensing units, which exhibit highly tunable electromechanical performances...
March 1, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482414/effect-of-individualized-physical-rehabilitation-programs-on-respiratory-function-in-women-with-post-mastectomy-syndrome
#13
Tatiana Odinets, Yuriy Briskin, Maryan Pityn
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an individualized physical rehabilitation programs aimed at improving respiratory function in women with post-mastectomy syndrome. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial 50 women with post-mastectomy syndrome were enrolled in the experimental group (EG, n = 25) or the comparison group (CG, n = 25). The program for the EG included: aqua aerobics (i.e. aqua jogging, aqua building, and aqua stretching); conditional swimming; and recreational aerobics...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477987/declarations-of-conflict-of-interest-are-still-inadequate
#14
Lars H Breimer, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Michael E Breimer
Declaration of conflicts of interest (COI, understood mainly as financial) in medical publications is long established. Most journals refer only to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) but not to those of the WAME (World Association of Medical Editors). We surveyed 17 journals and found only one (BJOG), which explicitly mentioned "religious interest" as an example of a possible COI and one other journal included "personal belief" (Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India) as a COI...
February 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474387/mobile-phones-as-monitors-of-personal-exposure-to-air-pollution-is-this-the-future
#15
Mawutorli Nyarku, Mandana Mazaheri, Rohan Jayaratne, Matthew Dunbabin, Md Mahmudur Rahman, Erik Uhde, Lidia Morawska
Mobile phones have a large spectrum of applications, aiding in risk prevention and improving health and wellbeing of their owners. So far, however, they have not been used for direct assessment of personal exposure to air pollution. In this study, we comprehensively evaluated the first, and the only available, mobile phone-BROAD Life-equipped with air pollution sensors (PM2.5 and VOC), to answer the question whether this technology is a viable option in the quest of reducing the burden of disease to air pollution...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472877/commentary-why-your-body-can-jog-your-mind
#16
COMMENT
Francesca Pistoia, Marco Sarà, Antonio Carolei, Simona Sacco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471373/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-subthalamic-nucleus-parameter-optimization-for-vowel-acoustics-and-speech-intelligibility-in-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Thea Knowles, Scott Adams, Anita Abeyesekera, Cynthia Mancinelli, Greydon Gilmore, Mandar Jog
Purpose: The settings of 3 electrical stimulation parameters were adjusted in 12 speakers with Parkinson's disease (PD) with deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) to examine their effects on vowel acoustics and speech intelligibility. Method: Participants were tested under permutations of low, mid, and high STN-DBS frequency, voltage, and pulse width settings. At each session, participants recited a sentence. Acoustic characteristics of vowel production were extracted, and naive listeners provided estimates of speech intelligibility...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466267/effects-of-sprint-interval-training-with-active-recovery-vs-endurance-training-on-aerobic-and-anaerobic-power-muscular-strength-and-sprint-ability
#18
Bülent Sökmen, Ronald L Witchey, Gene M Adams, William C Beam
Sökmen, B, Witchey, RL, Adams, GM, and Beam, WC. Effects of sprint interval training with active recovery vs. endurance training on aerobic and anaerobic power, muscular strength, and sprint ability. J Strength Cond Res 32(3): 624-631, 2018-This study compared sprint interval training with active recovery (SITAR) to moderate-intensity endurance training (ET) in aerobic and anaerobic power, muscular strength, and sprint time results. Forty-two recreationally active adults were randomly assigned to a SITAR or ET group...
March 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461418/influence-of-biological-maturity-on-the-match-performance-of-8-to-16-year-old-elite-male-youth-soccer-players
#19
Heita Goto, John G Morris, Mary E Nevill
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of biological maturity on match performance in elite youth male soccer players. The participants were 80 Premier League Academy outfield players (8-16 years old). Biological maturity was determined by calculating estimated chronological age at peak height velocity. The U9 and U10 squads played 6-a-side and the U11-U16 squads played 11-a-side inter-academy matches. All matches were analyzed using a 1 Hz Global Positioning System (SPI elite, GPSport, Australia) with squad specific speed zones which were calculated based on 5 m flying sprint speed in the last 5 m of 10 m sprint test...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442369/spinal-cord-stimulation-therapy-for-gait-dysfunction-in-advanced-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#20
Olivia Samotus, Andrew Parrent, Mandar Jog
BACKGROUND: Benefits of dopaminergic therapy and deep brain stimulation are limited and unpredictable for axial symptoms in Parkinson's disease. Dorsal spinal cord stimulation may be a new therapeutic approach. The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of spinal cord stimulation on gait including freezing of gait in advanced PD patients. METHODS: Five male PD participants with significant gait disturbances and freezing of gait underwent midthoracic spinal cord stimulation...
February 14, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
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