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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054554/second-look-arthroscopic-evaluation-of-repaired-radial-oblique-tears-of-the-midbody-of-the-lateral-meniscus-in-stable-knees
#1
Akira Tsujii, Hiroshi Amano, Yoshinari Tanaka, Keisuke Kita, Ryohei Uchida, Yoshiki Shiozaki, Shuji Horibe
BACKGROUND: Radial/oblique tears of the midbody of the lateral meniscus significantly impair the ability of the meniscus to withstand the tibiofemoral load, requiring meniscal repair. However, healing status after meniscal repair has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate arthroscopic findings after inside-out suture repair for isolated radial/oblique tears of the midbody of the lateral meniscus. METHODS: From 2011 to 2015, 18 consecutive patients with isolated radial/oblique tears of the midbody of the lateral meniscus underwent arthroscopic inside-out repair with the tie-grip suture technique...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036379/photoluminescence-thermoluminescence-and-optically-stimulated-luminescence-studies-in-zinc-based-fluoropervoskites
#2
Milind Jog, R R Patil, Yogesh More, Munish Kumar, M S Kulkarni, S V Moharil
The optically stimulated luminescence, thermoluminescence and photoluminescence in various Cu and Ag doped zinc based fluoropervoskites are studied. In all the samples, photoluminescence of Cu+ and Ag+ is observed which could be attributed to 3d94 s1←→3d10 and 4d95 s1←→5d10 transitions, respectively. The observed emission is double humped and the main emission band shifts to the lower wavelength side with increasing ionic size of the alkali ion. All the studied fluoropervoskites show reasonable OSL sensitivity...
September 28, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028626/accuracy-of-three-methods-in-gait-event-detection-during-overground-running
#3
Shiwei Mo, Daniel H K Chow
Inertial measurement units (IMUs) have been extensively used to detect gait events. Various methods have been proposed for detecting initial contact (IC) and toe-off (TO) using IMUs affixed at various anatomical locations. However, the accuracy of such methods has yet to be compared. This study evaluated the accuracy of three common methods used for detecting gait events during jogging and running: (1) S-method, in which IC is identified as the instant of peak foot-resultant acceleration and TO is identified when the acceleration exceeds a threshold of 2g in the region of interest; (2) M-method, in which IC and TO are defined as the minimum before the positive peak shank vertical acceleration and the minimum in the region of interest, respectively; and (3) L-method, in which IC is indicated by the instant of peak pelvis anteroposterior acceleration and TO is identified by the maximum in the region of interest...
October 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018355/criterion-validity-of-commercially-available-physical-activity-tracker-to-estimate-step-count-covered-distance-and-energy-expenditure-during-sports-conditions
#4
Yvonne Wahl, Peter Düking, Anna Droszez, Patrick Wahl, Joachim Mester
Background: In the past years, there was an increasing development of physical activity tracker (Wearables). For recreational people, testing of these devices under walking or light jogging conditions might be sufficient. For (elite) athletes, however, scientific trustworthiness needs to be given for a broad spectrum of velocities or even fast changes in velocities reflecting the demands of the sport. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate the validity of eleven Wearables for monitoring step count, covered distance and energy expenditure (EE) under laboratory conditions with different constant and varying velocities...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994758/using-gold-standard-gait-analysis-methods-to-assess-experience-effects-on-lower-limb-mechanics-during-moderate-high-heeled-jogging-and-running
#5
Yan Zhang, Meizi Wang, Jan Awrejcewicz, Gusztáv Fekete, Feng Ren, Yaodong Gu
A limited number of studies have explored lower-limb biomechanics during high-heeled jogging and running, and most studies have failed to clarify the wearing experience of subjects. This protocol describes the differences in lower-limb kinematics and ground reaction force (GRF) between experienced wearers (EW) and inexperienced wearers (IEW) during moderate high-heeled jogging and running. A three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis system with a configured force platform was used to synchronously capture lower-limb joint movements and GRF...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987043/-low-level-of-physical-activity-as-main-risk-factor-of-cancer-in-sanok-s-county-population
#6
Karolina Hombek, Magdalena Jarema, Ewa Smoleń
Physical activity is a key component of a healthy lifestyle. The data of WHO conclude that little physical activity is the fourth key risk factor of premature death. Weight disorder such as obesity and overweight are an significant risk factor in cancer development. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine physical activity in cancer prevention among the population of Sanok's county. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study covered a group 157 residents of Sanok's county in 2015...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985697/characterization-of-prepractice-injury-prevention-exercises-of-high-school-athletic-teams
#7
James R Slauterbeck, Autumn Reilly, Pamela M Vacek, Rebecca Choquette, Timothy W Tourville, Bert Mandelbaum, Robert J Johnson, Bruce D Beynnon
BACKGROUND: Static and dynamic exercises are performed before activity to decrease injury risk and increase performance. Although evidence supports using dynamic over static stretching and performing Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) 11+ as a dynamic prepractice routine, we do not know the frequency at which these exercises are utilized in high school populations. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that there is a wide variety of preparticipation exercises performed by high school athletes, and that few high school teams perform FIFA 11+ as an injury prevention program in its entirety...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965347/construct-validity-of-accelerometry-derived-force-to-quantify-basketball-movement-patterns
#8
Craig Staunton, Daniel Wundersitz, Brett Gordon, Michael Kingsley
This study assessed the construct validity of accelerometry-derived net force to quantify the external demands of basketball movements. Twenty-eight basketballers completed the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (Yo-Yo-IR1) and basketball exercise simulation test (BEST). Intensity was quantified using accelerometry-derived average net force (AvFNet) and PlayerLoad(TM) per minute (PL/min). Within-player correlations were determined between intensity and running speed during Yo-Yo-IR1. Measured AvFNet was determined for movements during the BEST and predicted AvFNet was calculated using movement speed and correlations from Yo-Yo-IR1...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959200/open-and-closed-skill-exercise-interventions-produce-different-neurocognitive-effects-on-executive-functions-in-the-elderly-a-6-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Chia-Liang Tsai, Chien-Yu Pan, Fu-Chen Chen, Yu-Ting Tseng
This study aimed to explore the effects of open- and closed-skill exercise interventions on the neurocognitive performance of executive functions in the elderly. Sixty-four healthy elderly males were randomly assigned to either a closed-skill (bike riding or brisk walking/jogging, n = 22), open-skill (table tennis, n = 21), or control (n = 21) group. Various neuropsychological [e.g., accuracy rates (AR) and reaction time (RT)] and electrophysiological [e.g., event-related potential (ERP) P3 component] measures were assessed during a variant of the task-switching paradigm, as well as an N-back task at baseline and after either a 6-month exercise intervention or control period...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937535/validation-of-a-commercial-assay-and-decision-support-tool-for-routine-paclitaxel-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-tdm
#10
Markus Joerger, Stefanie Kraff, Ulrich Jaehde, Ralf A Hilger, Jodi B Courtney, Daniel J Cline, Sonali Jog, Irina Baburina, M C Miller, Salvatore J Salamone
BACKGROUND: The value of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for paclitaxel was recently demonstrated in the largest TDM trial ever conducted in oncology. The trial demonstrated significant reduction in neuropathy when using TDM. Dose adjustment for paclitaxel was based on time above a threshold concentration (Tc>0.05). Tc>0.05 must be calculated with a pharmacokinetic model and complex non-linear mixed effects (NLME) software. The use of the software and chromatographic methods to measure paclitaxel require specialized expertise...
September 18, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911936/exercise-training-in-patients-with-pulmonary-and-systemic-hypertension-a-unique-therapy-for-two-different-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Massimo Leggio, Augusto Fusco, Giorgio Limongelli, Luca Sgorbini
Pulmonary hypertension is a potentially life-threatening condition. Given its evolving definition, the incidence and prevalence of the disease is difficult to define, but registries suggest an increased global awareness. The management of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension is highly specialised and requires multi-disciplinary input from a range of healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, respiratory physicians, rheumatologists, rehabilitation physicians and cardio-pulmonary physiotherapists...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891314/correlation-between-recovery-of-triceps-surae-muscle-strength-and-level-of-activity-after-open-repair-of-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture
#12
Seikai Toyooka, Hideki Takeda, Kohei Nakajima, Atsushi Masujima, Wataru Miyamoto, Gherardo Pagliazzi, Takumi Nakagawa, Hirotaka Kawano
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine whether physical findings reflecting triceps surae strength recovery could predict return to activities such as jogging and sports and whether patients' age and sex would influence recovery of triceps surae strength postoperatively. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2013, 96 consecutive cases of postoperative acute Achilles tendon rupture were reviewed. The postoperative triceps surae strength recovery rate was investigated in all patients by using half body weight 1-time heel rise, full body weight (FBW) 1-time heel rise, FBW 20-time heel rise, jogging, and full return to sports activities...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880923/automatic-machine-learning-based-identification-of-jogging-periods-from-accelerometer-measurements-of-adolescents-under-field-conditions
#13
Eftim Zdravevski, Biljana Risteska Stojkoska, Marie Standl, Holger Schulz
BACKGROUND: Assessment of health benefits associated with physical activity depend on the activity duration, intensity and frequency, therefore their correct identification is very valuable and important in epidemiological and clinical studies. The aims of this study are: to develop an algorithm for automatic identification of intended jogging periods; and to assess whether the identification performance is improved when using two accelerometers at the hip and ankle, compared to when using only one at either position...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877769/anti-ma2-associated-encephalitis-secondary-to-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#14
Philippe Rizek, Niraj Kumar, Mandar S Jog
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867959/structural-features-and-seismotectonic-implications-of-coseismic-surface-ruptures-produced-by-the-2016-mw-7-1-kumamoto-earthquake
#15
Aiming Lin
Field investigations and analyses of satellite images and aerial photographs reveal that the 2016 Mw 7.1 (Mj 7.3) Kumamoto earthquake produced a ∼40-km surface rupture zone striking NE-SW on central Kyushu Island, Japan. Coseismic surface ruptures were characterized by shear faults, extensional cracks, and mole tracks, which mostly occurred along the pre-existing NE-SW-striking Hinagu-Futagawa fault zone in the southwest and central segments, and newly identified faults in the northeast segment. This study shows that (i) the Hinagu-Futagawa fault zone triggered the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake and controlled the spatial distribution of coseismic surface ruptures; (ii) the southwest and central segments were dominated by right-lateral strike-slip movement with a maximum in-site measured displacement of up to 2...
2017: Journal of Seismology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828093/officiating-role-influences-the-physical-match-activity-profiles-of-rugby-league-touch-judges-and-referees
#16
Leesa Pearce, Carl Woods, Wade Sinclair, Anthony Leicht
This study investigated the effect of the officiating role on physical activity profiles of rugby league match officials during match-play. Physical performance indicators were collated from 23 match officials, resulting in 78 observations. Match officials were categorised into two groups: referees and touch judges. Microtechnology facilitated the quantification of total distance (m), relative distance (m⋅min(-1)), maximum velocity (m⋅s(-1)), the percentage of high intensity running distance (% total > 3...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818063/variations-in-adolescents-motivational-characteristics-across-gender-and-physical-activity-patterns-a-latent-class-analysis-approach
#17
Margaret Lawler, Caroline Heary, Elizabeth Nixon
BACKGROUND: Neglecting to take account of the underlying context or type of physical activity (PA) that underpins overall involvement has resulted in a limited understanding of adolescents' PA participation. The purpose of the present research was to identify male and female adolescents' leisure time PA patterns and examine whether psychological processes derived from self-determination theory differ as a function of the pattern of PA undertaken. METHODS: Nine hundred ninety-five students (61...
August 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816399/preliminary-results-on-the-photoluminescence-and-optically-stimulated-luminescence-in-cu-doped-and-ag-doped-znb2-x4-b%C3%A2-%C3%A2-li-na-k-x%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cl-br-compounds
#18
Milind Jog, Rajesh Patil, Yogesh More, Mukund Kulkarni, Sanjiv Moharil
Photoluminescence, and optically stimulated luminescence in ZnB2 X4 (B; Li,Na,K: X; Cl,Br) compounds doped with Cu(+) or Ag(+) were studied. Double humped emission bands attributable to the activators were observed in all the samples. The observed photoluminescence of Cu(+) and Ag(+) could be identified with 3d(9) 4s(1) ↔3d(10) and 4d(9) 5s(1) ↔5d(10) transitions respectively. The longer wavelength band (400-500 nm range) could be attributed to the Cu(+) or Ag(+) ion replacing alkali ion at the octahedral alkali site whereas short wavelength band (340-400 nm range) is attributed to a Cu or Ag ion at tetrahedral zinc site...
August 17, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801958/virtual-reality-jogging-as-a-novel-exposure-paradigm-for-the-acute-urge-to-be-physically-active-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-implications-for-treatment
#19
Georgios Paslakis, Vanessa Fauck, Kathrin Röder, Elisabeth Rauh, Manfred Rauh, Yesim Erim
The acute urge to be physically active is a relevant clinical phenomenon in patients suffering from eating disorders. In this study with n = 20 female patients with anorexia nervosa and n = 10 female patients with bulimia nervosa, a virtual reality (VR) jogging paradigm was applied as a novel highly immersive 3-D exposure paradigm. Patients were asked to rate their acute urge to be physically active during the exposure procedure. A 10-item self-report questionnaire (smQ) was developed to capture the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of the acute urge to move...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797831/validity-of-the-actigraph-gt3x-and-bodymedia-sensewear-armband-to-estimate-energy-expenditure-during-physical-activity-and-sport
#20
Paul B Gastin, Cassy Cayzer, Dan Dwyer, Sam Robertson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of the ActiGraph GT3X+ (GT3X+) and the BodyMedia SenseWear Armband (SWA) to estimate energy expenditure (EE) during physical activity and field sport movements. DESIGN: Criterion validity. METHODS: Twenty-six active adults completed a single 90min session involving alternating intervals of exercise (5min) and recovery (10min). Exercise involved walking (4km/h), jogging (8km/h), running (12km/h) or a sport-simulated circuit (three intervals)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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