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Pervasive Developmental disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319814/time-specific-and-cumulative-effects-of-exposure-to-parental-externalizing-behavior-on-risk-for-young-adult-alcohol-use-disorder
#1
Alexis C Edwards, Sara L Lönn, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jan Sundquist, Kenneth S Kendler, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that parental externalizing behavior (EB) is a robust risk factor for alcohol use disorder (AUD) in their children, and that this is due to both inherited genetic liability and environmental exposure. However, it remains unclear whether the effects of exposure to parental EB vary as a function of timing and/or chronicity. METHODS: We identified biological parents with an alcohol use disorder, drug abuse, or criminal behavior, during different periods of their child's upbringing, using Swedish national registries...
March 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230711/asperger-syndrome-and-early-onset-schizophrenia-associated-with-a-novel-mecp2-deleterious-missense-variant
#2
Aurore Curie, Gaëtan Lesca, Gérald Bussy, Sabine Manificat, Valérie Arnaud, Sibylle Gonzalez, Olivier Revol, Alain Calender, Daniel Gérard, Vincent des Portes
Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) deleterious variants, which are responsible for Rett syndrome in girls, are involved in a wide spectrum of developmental disabilities in males. A neuropsychiatric phenotype without intellectual disability is uncommon in patients with MECP2 deleterious variants. We report on two dizygotic twins with an MECP2-related psychiatric disorder without intellectual disability. Neuropsychological and psychiatric phenotype assessments were performed, and a genetic analysis was carried out...
February 22, 2017: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213805/an-overview-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-heterogeneity-and-treatment-options
#3
REVIEW
Anne Masi, Marilena M DeMayo, Nicholas Glozier, Adam J Guastella
Since the documented observations of Kanner in 1943, there has been great debate about the diagnoses, the sub-types, and the diagnostic threshold that relates to what is now known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reflecting this complicated history, there has been continual refinement from DSM-III with 'Infantile Autism' to the current DSM-V diagnosis. The disorder is now widely accepted as a complex, pervasive, heterogeneous condition with multiple etiologies, sub-types, and developmental trajectories. Diagnosis remains based on observation of atypical behaviors, with criteria of persistent deficits in social communication and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior...
April 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181411/infant-muscle-tone-and-childhood-autistic-traits-a-longitudinal-study-in-the-general-population
#4
Fadila Serdarevic, Akhgar Ghassabian, Tamara van Batenburg-Eddes, Tonya White, Laura M E Blanken, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
In a longitudinal population-based study of 2,905 children, we investigated if infants' neuromotor development was associated with autistic traits in childhood. Overall motor development and muscle tone were examined by trained research assistants with an adapted version of Touwen's Neurodevelopmental Examination between ages 2 and 5 months. Tone was assessed in several positions and items were scored as normal, low, or high tone. Parents rated their children's autistic traits with the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) and the Pervasive Developmental Problems (PDP) subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist at 6 years...
February 9, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114601/risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-among-individuals-with-the-22q11-2-deletion-or-duplication-a-danish-nationwide-register-based-study
#5
Louise K Hoeffding, Betina B Trabjerg, Line Olsen, Wiktor Mazin, Thomas Sparsø, Anders Vangkilde, Preben B Mortensen, Carsten B Pedersen, Thomas Werge
Importance: Microdeletions and duplications have been described at the 22q11.2 locus. However, little is known about the clinical and epidemiologic consequences at the population level. Objective: To identify indicators of deletions or duplications at the 22q11.2 locus and estimate the incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and absolute risk for psychiatric disorders in clinically identified individuals with 22q11.2 deletion or duplication. Design, Setting, and Participants: A Danish nationwide register study including all individuals recorded in the Danish Cytogenetic Central Register with a 22q11...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075089/autism-spectrum-disorder-primary-care-principles
#6
Kristian E Sanchack, Craig A Thomas
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously separate conditions: autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. There is insufficient evidence to recommend screening for autism spectrum disorder in children 18 to 30 months of age in whom the disorder is not suspected; however, there is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051218/parental-satisfaction-of-an-assessment-unit-for-autistic-spectrum-disorders
#7
Arwa Ben Amor, Soumeyya Halayem, Maissa Touati, Ahlem Belhadj, Riadh Gouider, Ridha Mrad, Asma Bouden
Background - Based on the recognized principles of assessment of autistic disorders, the child and adolescent psychiatry department in Razi Hospital developed an assessment unit with diagnostic as well as therapeutic roles. The aim of this work was to examine its functioning and to analyze the parents' perceptions about the unit services. Methods - We gathered the parental satisfaction about the unit by the means of a hetero-questionnaire. Results - Fifty-two parents of children evaluated within the unit were included...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976782/-ethnic-differences-in-forensic-psychiatry-an-exploratory-study-at-a-dutch-forensic-psychiatric-centre
#8
T van der Stoep
Compared to the percentage of ethnic minorities in the general population, ethnic minorities are overrepresented in forensic psychiatry. If these minorities are to be treated successfully, we need to know more about this group. So far, however, little is known about the differences between mental disorders and types of offences associated with patients of non-Dutch descent and those associated with patients of Dutch descent.<br/> AIM: To take the first steps to obtain the information we need in order to provide customised care for patients of non-Dutch descent...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939692/behavioral-effects-of-chronic-stress-in-the-fmr1-mouse-model-for-fragile-x-syndrome
#9
Valerie Lemaire-Mayo, Enejda Subashi, Nadia Henkous, Daniel Beracochea, Susanna Pietropaolo
Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is a pervasive developmental disorder due to a mutation in the FMR1 X-linked gene. Despite its clear genetic cause, the expression of FXS symptoms is known to be modulated by environmental factors, including stress. Furthermore, several studies have shown disturbances in stress regulatory systems in FXS patients and Fmr1 mice. These studies have mostly focused on the hormonal responses to stress, using the acute exposure to a single type of stressor. Hence, little is known about the behavioral effects of stress in FXS, and the importance of the nature of the stressing procedure, especially in the context of a repeated exposure that more closely resembles real life conditions...
December 6, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929321/social-communication-questionnaire-scoring-procedures-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-prevalence-of-potential-social-communication-disorder-in-asd
#10
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Steven Randall Chesnut, Todd D Little
In analyzing data from the National Database for Autism Research, we utilized Mokken scaling techniques as a means of creating a more effective and efficient screening procedure for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) via the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). With a sample of 1,040, approximately 80% (n = 827) of the sample were males while approximately 20% (n = 213) were females. In regard to ethnicity, approximately 68% of the sample were White/Caucasian, while 7% were African American, 16% were Hispanic, 4% were Asian, and 1% were Native American or American Indian...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899087/paradoxical-physiological-responses-to-propranolol-in-a-rett-syndrome-patient-a-case-report
#11
P J Santosh, L Bell, K Lievesley, J Singh, F Fiori
BACKGROUND: Rett Syndrome (RTT), caused by a loss-of-function in the epigenetic modulator: X-linked methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2), is a pervasive neurological disorder characterized by compromised brain functions, anxiety, severe mental retardation, language and learning disabilities, repetitive stereotyped hand movements and developmental regression. An imbalance in the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous system (dysautonomia) and the resulting autonomic storms is a frequent occurrence in patients with RTT...
November 29, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871641/longitudinal-course-of-bipolar-disorder-in-youth-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Xenia Borue, Carla Mazefsky, Brian T Rooks, Michael Strober, Martin B Keller, Heather Hower, Shirley Yen, Mary Kay Gill, Rasim S Diler, David A Axelson, Benjamin I Goldstein, Tina R Goldstein, Neal Ryan, Fangzi Liao, Jeffrey I Hunt, Daniel P Dickstein, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first longitudinal characterization of mood and psychosocial functioning in youth with comorbid bipolar (BD) and autism spectrum (ASD) disorders. METHOD: The Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth study followed 368 youth (aged 7-17 years) with DSM-IV bipolar I (BP-I), BP-II, or Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) for, on average, 9 years using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation. This subgroup analysis compared youth with and without ASD on clinical presentation, percentage of time with mood symptomatology, and psychosocial functioning...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868194/randomized-controlled-trial-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Khaled Saad, Ahmed A Abdel-Rahman, Yasser M Elserogy, Abdulrahman A Al-Atram, Amira A El-Houfey, Hisham A K Othman, Geir Bjørklund, Feiyong Jia, Mauricio A Urbina, Mohamed Gamil M Abo-Elela, Faisal-Alkhateeb Ahmad, Khaled A Abd El-Baseer, Ahmed E Ahmed, Ahmad M Abdel-Salam
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a frequent developmental disorder characterized by pervasive deficits in social interaction, impairment in verbal and nonverbal communication, and stereotyped patterns of interests and activities. It has been previously reported that there is vitamin D deficiency in autistic children; however, there is a lack of randomized controlled trials of vitamin D supplementation in ASD children. METHODS: This study is a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial (RCT) that was conducted on 109 children with ASD (85 boys and 24 girls; aged 3-10 years)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859986/effectiveness-of-1-1-speech-and-language-therapy-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#14
Susan H Ebbels, Lisa Wright, Sally Brockbank, Caroline Godfrey, Catherine Harris, Hannah Leniston, Kate Neary, Hilary Nicoll, Lucy Nicoll, Jackie Scott, Nataša Marić
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effectiveness of therapy for older children with (developmental) language disorder (DLD), and particularly those with receptive language impairments, is very limited. The few existing studies have focused on particular target areas, but none has looked at a whole area of a service. AIMS: To establish whether for students with (developmental) language disorder attending a specialist school, 1:1 intervention with an SLT during one school term improves performance on targeted areas, compared with untreated control areas...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819277/the-transgenerational-inheritance-of-autism-like-phenotypes-in-mice-exposed-to-valproic-acid-during-pregnancy
#15
Chang Soon Choi, Edson Luck Gonzales, Ki Chan Kim, Sung Min Yang, Ji-Woon Kim, Darine Froy Mabunga, Jae Hoon Cheong, Seol-Heui Han, Geon Ho Bahn, Chan Young Shin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneously pervasive developmental disorder in which various genetic and environmental factors are believed to underlie its development. Recently, epigenetics has been suggested as a novel concept for ASD aetiology with a proposition that epigenetic marks can be transgenerationally inherited. Based on this assumption of epigenetics, we investigated the transgenerational inheritance of ASD-like behaviours and their related synaptic changes in the VPA animal model of ASD...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793367/behavioral-cognitive-and-motor-performance-and-physical-development-of-five-year-old-children-who-were-born-after-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-with-the-use-of-testicular-sperm
#16
Aukje M Meijerink, Liliana Ramos, Anjo J W M Janssen, Nienke M Maas-van Schaaijk, Andreas Meissner, Sjoerd Repping, Monique H Mochtar, Didi D M Braat, Kathrin Fleischer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate at the age of 5 years the behavioral, cognitive, and motor performance and physical development of children born after testicular sperm extraction (TESE) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Two university medical centers. PATIENT(S): A total of 103 5-year-olds who were born after TESE-ICSI. INTERVENTION(S): The follow-up of the children was performed by questionnaires at birth and again at 1 year and at 4 years of age...
December 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789184/a-limited-survey-based-uncontrolled-follow-up-study-of-children-born-after-ooplasmic-transplantation-in-a-single-centre
#17
Serena H Chen, Claudia Pascale, Maria Jackson, Mary Ann Szvetecz, Jacques Cohen
Experimental ooplasmic transplantation from donor to recipient oocyte took place between 1996 and 2001 at Saint Barnabas Medical Center, USA. Indication for 33 patients was repeated implantation failure. Thirteen couples had 17 babies. One patient delivered twins from mixed ooplasmic and donor egg embryos. A limited survey-based follow-up study on the children is reported: 12 out of 13 parents completed a questionnaire on pregnancy, birth, health, academic performance and disclosure. Parents of a quadruplet did not participate...
December 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747464/a-comparison-of-dsm-iv-tr-and-dsm-5-diagnostic-classifications-in-the-clinical-diagnosis-of-autistic-spectrum-disorder
#18
Ferhat Yaylaci, Suha Miral
Aim of this study was to compare children diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) according to DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic systems. One hundred fifty children aged between 3 and 15 years diagnosed with PDD by DSM-IV-TR were included. PDD symptoms were reviewed through psychiatric assessment based on DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 criteria. Clinical severity was determined using Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) and Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC). A statistically significant decrease (19.3 %) was detected in the diagnostic ratio with DSM-5...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721971/efficacy-of-atomoxetine-in-the-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-patients-with-common-comorbidities-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Shari L Hutchison, Jaswinder K Ghuman, Harinder S Ghuman, Irina Karpov, James M Schuster
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorders and is associated with higher incidence of comorbid oppositional or conduct, mood, anxiety, pervasive developmental, and substance-use disorders. Comorbid mental health conditions may alter the presence of symptoms and treatment of ADHD. Atomoxetine (ATX), a nonstimulant medication for the treatment of ADHD, may be prescribed for individuals with ADHD and comorbid conditions despite some risk for certain undesirable side effects and lower effectiveness for the treatment of ADHD than stimulants...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644917/-left-temporal-arachnoid-cyst-and-specific-learning-disorders-associated-with-pervasive-developmental-disorders-not-otherwise-specified-pdd-nos-contributions-of-an-integrative-neuropsychomotor-neuropsychological-psychopathological-and-neurosurgical-approach
#20
L Vaivre-Douret, A Boschi, M L Cuny, C Clouard, A Mosser, B Golse, A Philippe, M Bourgeois, N Boddaert, S Puget
Left temporal arachnoid cyst and specific learning disorders associated with pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS): contributions of an integrative neuro-psychomotor, neuropsychological, psychopathological and neurosurgical approach about a case report in a child (François). With DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR, the terminology of pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) covers two main categories of infantile disorders: disorders of "strictly" autistic nature and pervasive developmental disorders - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
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