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H Y Khoo, W J Tan, Y T Cheong
Patients with breast cancer normally present with breast lump or abnormal mammogram. Dermatomyositis is rarely the first presentation. We present a case of a 63-year-old woman who had generalised dermatitis, progressive fatigue and muscle weakness. She was first diagnosed as dermatomyositis and subsequently breast cancer. Her rash and muscle weakness progressed drastically over a month. Tumescent mastectomy and axillary surgery was performed, which led to gradual regression of her dermatomyositis over six months...
February 2018: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Kiyoshi Tamura, Toshiyuki Maruyama
Objective : Endovenous radiofrequency ablation (RFA), a relatively new technique for treating great saphenous varicose veins, is less invasive compared with stripping surgery. This study examined the mid-term safety and effectiveness of RFA for varicose veins. Materials and Methods : We enrolled 104 patients (147 limbs) who underwent RFA for varicose veins of the lower extremities (females, 67; 64.4%). The mean age was 68.9±9.2 years (39-85 years). In 121 limbs (82.3%), there were great saphenous veins. All patients were observed as outpatients for 12 months after the procedure...
December 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Daniel F Geersen, Cynthia E K Shortell
Ambulatory phlebectomy is a well-known and widely used procedure for residual symptomatic venous disease. Tumescent anesthesia complements the procedure, providing the ability to perform this intervention in a wide range of practice settings. The procedures are well tolerated by most patients, and complications are rare. They include venous thromboembolism, infection, and hematoma and are generally simple to manage. Alternative and emerging techniques of powered phlebectomy and cyanoacrylate glue are providing alternative forms for treatment and will advance the practice further...
April 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
Amy V Rapkiewicz, Katherine Kenerson, Kenneth D Hutchins, Fintan Garavan, Emma O Lew, Mark J Shuman
Cosmetic procedures are common and utilize many techniques to obtain aesthetically good outcomes for patient satisfaction with acceptable safety standards. Cosmetic procedures that involve the gluteal region are becoming increasingly popular as various procedures can target the gluteal region such as liposuction, tumescent liposuction, cosmetic filler injections, autologous fat transfer, depot drug delivery, and implants. Complications of cosmetic gluteal procedures can be localized or systemic with systemic complications being responsible for most deaths...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Joy R Makdisi, Dennis P Kim, Paytra A Klein, Jeffrey A Klein
BACKGROUND: Snake envenomation is a neglected global health problem. There is a need for a prehospital treatment of neurotoxic snakebite that prolongs survival and allows time for a victim to reach a hospital for antivenom therapy. Tumescent epinephrine consists of a large volume of dilute epinephrine (2 mg/l) injected subcutaneously. It functions as "contravenom" by causing capillary vasoconstriction and delaying venom absorption. METHODS: A murine model of neurotoxic envenomation using lidocaine as a surrogate for neurotoxic snake venom was first developed in a pilot study...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Muhammad Mustehsan Bashir, Muhammad Sohail, Ahmad Wahab, Umar Iqbal, Rehan Qayyum, Saadia Nosheen Jan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes of release of flexion contractures after burn of the hand in children using tourniquet or tumescent technique in terms of operative time, postoperative pain score, and percentage of graft take. METHODS: Patients aged 3 to 12 years who required release of post-burn flexion contractures involving volar aspect of palm and fingers were enrolled from outpatient clinic. Patients were randomized in 1:1 ratio to the use of either tumescent technique or tourniquet during contracture release...
February 14, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Alessandro Innocenti, Dario Melita, Serena Ghezzi, Marco Innocenti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Hiba Ezzeddine, Ahmad Husari, Hussein Nassar, Mariam Kanso, Ghina El Nounou, Mohamad Khalife, Walid Faraj
BACKGROUND: Liposuction is one of the most commonly performed aesthetic procedures. It is performed worldwide as an outpatient procedure. However, the complications are underestimated and underreported by caregivers. We present a case of delayed diagnosis of bilothorax secondary to liver and gallbladder injury after tumescent liposuction. METHODS: A 26-year-old female patient was transferred to our emergency department from an aesthetic clinic with worsening dyspnea, tachypnea and fatigue...
January 31, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Asif Muneer, Hussain M Alnajjar, David Ralph
Priapism is an uncommon urological emergency that can lead to permanent impotence if prompt presentation and medical intervention is not performed. It is a breakdown of the usual physiological mechanisms controlling penile tumescence and detumescence, leading to a prolonged penile erection (>4 hours) that is unrelated to sexual stimulation. Currently, there are three accepted subtypes: ischaemic, non-ischaemic, and stuttering priapism, which is also known as recurrent ischemic priapism. The aim of treatment is the immediate resolution of the painful erection and the preservation of cavernosal smooth muscle function in order to prevent cavernosal fibrosis, which can lead to penile shortening and permanent erectile dysfunction...
2018: F1000Research
Constanze Lenschow, Michael Brecht
Rat somatosensory genital cortex contains a large sexually monomorphic representation of the penis in males and the clitoris in females. Genital cortex microstimulation-evoked movements of legs, trunk and genitals, which showed sex-specific differences related to mating behaviors and included thrusting in males and lordosis-like movements in females. Erections/tumescence of penis or clitoris could not be evoked, however. Anterograde tracer injections into penis/clitoris cortex revealed eleven corticocortical and 10 subcortical projection targets, which were qualitatively similar in both sexes...
April 1, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
Patrick S Collins, Kurtis E Moyer
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to examine the existing peer reviewed literature comparing modern adjunctive techniques in liposuction including laser-assisted liposuction (LAL) and ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL) to standard suction-assisted liposuction (SAL). We intend to interpret these findings into a literature-based clinical application to influence practice patterns. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using a keyword search in PubMed. Keyword search items included liposuction, lipoplasty, suction assisted liposuction, ultrasound assisted liposuction, laser assisted liposuction, tumescent, liposuction comparison, liposuction review, and combinations therein...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Shivani Thakur, Sandi Lavito, Elizabeth Grobner, Mark Grobner
Little work has been done to consider the temperature changes and energy transfer that occur in the tissue outside the vein with ultrasound-guided vein ablation therapy. In this experiment, a Ex-Vivo model of the human calf was used to analyze heat transfer and energy degradation in tissue surrounding the vein during endovascular radiofrequency ablation (RFA). A clinical vein ablation protocol was used to determine the tissue temperature distribution in 10 per cent agar gel. Heat energy from the radiofrequency catheter was measured for 140 seconds at fixed points by four thermometer probes placed equidistant radially at 0...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Tobias Thuile, Lorenz Larcher, Barbara Gatscher, Karl Schwaiger, Jenny Deluca, Amgiad Fallaha, Lukas Tappeiner, Mario Puviani, Klaus Eisendle
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical reconstruction following the removal of large malignant auricular lesions is challenging. While many options for defect closure have been described, in the elderly population usually affected flap surgery, long anesthesia times, patient compliance, and anticoagulant therapy pose additional risks. An alternative quick, simple, and effective method of defect closure is therefore highly desirable. The objective of the present study was to assess the aesthetic outcome, healing process, complications, and recurrence rates associated with unmeshed split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs) used for covering large auricular skin defects following cartilage-sparing skin cancer removal...
January 12, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Georgios Vourliotakis, Georgios Sahsamanis, Paschalis Evagelidis, Christina Aivatidi
Objectives: To assess the technical success, complications, and patients' quality of life (QoL) after treatment of chronic venous disease (CVD) using the 1470 nm radial fiber laser. Methods: A total of 170 patients with chronic venous disease, classified as C2 to C4 according to CEAP classification, were treated for incompetent greater (GSV) and small (SSV) saphenous veins, using the 1470 nm radial fiber laser and application of tumescent anesthesia. Additional phlebectomies were performed through stab microincisions, while 11 patients further underwent sclerotherapy intraoperatively...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Loeb Habbema, Jennifer C Tang, Gerhard Sattler, C William Hanke
<p>The neck is one of the most common areas treated by liposuction. Neck liposuction decreases fat volume, causes skin contraction, and restores a more youthful appearance. We present a large case series (n=987) performed by three dermatologic surgeons. Five patients developed temporary post-operative marginal mandibular dysfunction, one patient had submandibular gland ptosis and one patient had arterial bleeding. Seroma, skin necrosis, scarring, and hyperpigmentation did not occur following neck liposuction...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Li-Yong Zhang, Wen-Xin Zhao, Bo Wang, Shou-Yi Yan, Jia Wen
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of gas-liquid mixing tumescent solution for creating a working space (WS) in endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was performed on 186 patients with thyroid tumor who had undergone ET via chest and breast approach. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups to receive traditional tumescent solution as group A and modified tumescent solution (gas-liquid mixing tumescent solution) as group B...
January 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
E V Shaĭdakov, A Zh Mel'tsova, O Ia Porembskaia, E A Kudinova, D É Korzhevskiĭ, O V Kirik, E G Sukhorukova
The method of cyanoacrylate-mediated obliteration of subcutaneous veins is known to be an alternative to thermal endovascular obliteration and eliminates the need for tumescent anaesthesia. This technique is based on glue-induced damage to the venous intima, followed by immune response according to the delayed-type hypersensitivity principle. The authors report herein their first experience with using cyanoacrylate-mediated embolization in treatment of patients presenting with varicose veins. The operation was carried out using the VenaSeal closure system (Medtronic)...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
F Simonacci, M P Grieco, N Bertozzi, E Raposio
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat transplantation is used after breast reconstruction to improve the breast profile. There are a variety of different methods used for fat harvesting, preparation, and reinjection. This study describes the specific techniques we used in this series of autologous fat transplantations in breast reconstruction patients and reports their outcomes compared with other studies in the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: At the University Hospital of Parma between May 2012 and December 2016, we performed 53 autologous fat transplantations for secondary breast reconstruction patients with an average age of 49 years (range: 34-65 y)...
May 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Yanping Zhao, Yuehua Li, Xingping Ren, Fan Gao, Heyun Zhao
Layered Eu-doped SnO₂ ordered nanoarrays constructed by nanorods with 10 nm diameters and several hundred nanometers length were synthesized by a substrate-free hydrothermal route using alcohol and water mixed solvent of sodium stannate and sodium hydroxide at 200 °C. The Eu dopant acted as a crystal growth inhibitor to prevent the SnO₂ nanorods growth up, resulting in tenuous SnO₂ nanorods ordered arrays. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed the tetragonal rutile-type structure with a systematic average size reduction and unit cell volume tumescence, while enhancing the residual strain as the Eu-doped content increases...
November 23, 2017: Nanomaterials
Matthew R Zeiderman, Shahrooz Sean Kelishadi, John Paul Tutela, Saeed Chowdhry, Ronald M Brooks, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Background: Despite the efficacy of reduction mammoplasty and demonstration that resection weight does not predict symptomatic relief of macromastia, many insurers still rely on the Schnur scale or predetermined resection weight for reimbursement. Insurers review pathology reports to determine reimbursement. Tissue desiccation and handling decrease specimen weight prior to pathology evaluation. Surgeons often make judgments based on intraoperative weight. Our goal was to determine whether (1) discrepancies exist between intraoperative and pathology weights, and (2) how differences may impact reimbursement and medical practice...
2017: Eplasty
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