keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Degenerative scoliosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770280/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-perioperative-outcomes-in-minimally-invasive-oblique-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-versus-open-fusions-a-multivariant-analysis
#1
Hamid Abbasi, Alex Grant
Background Obesity is an increasing public health concern associated with increased perioperative complications and expense in lumbar spine fusions. While open and mini-open fusions such as transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and minimally invasive TLIF (MIS-TLIF) are more challenging in obese patients, new MIS procedures like oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLLIF) may improve perioperative outcomes in obese patients relative to TLIF and MIS-TLIF. Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of obesity on perioperative outcomes in OLLIF, MIS-TLIF, and TLIF...
March 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762339/the-relationship-between-fear-avoidance-and-neuromuscular-measures-of-function-in-patients-with-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#2
Ram Haddas, Isador H Lieberman, Andrew Block
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of fear-avoidance beliefs and neuromuscular activity during gait in adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Among patients with chronic spine pain, fear-avoidance beliefs are predictive of poor surgical outcomes. Fear-avoidance occurs when patients perceive that movement will worsen underlying physical problems. This process leads them to restrict activity, which further heightens emotional distress...
May 14, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713407/the-incidence-of-adjacent-segment-degeneration-after-the-use-of-a-versatile-dynamic-hybrid-stabilization-device-in-lumbar-stenosis-results-of-a-5-8-year-follow-up
#3
Mauro Dobran, Davide Nasi, Domenico Paolo Esposito, Maurizio Gladi, Massimo Scerrati, Maurizio Iacoangeli
Study Design: Retrospective study with long-term follow-up. Purpose: To evaluate the long-term incidence of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) and clinical outcomes in a consecutive series of patients who underwent spinal decompression associated with dynamic or hybrid stabilization with a Flex+TM stabilization system (SpineVision, Antony, France) for lumbar spinal stenosis. Overview of Literature: The incidence of ASD and clinical outcomes following dynamic or hybrid stabilization with the Flex+TM system used for lumbar spinal stenosis have not been well investigated...
April 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713405/minimally-invasive-transtubular-endoscopic-decompression-for-l5-radiculopathy-induced-by-lumbosacral-extraforaminal-lesions
#4
Ko Ikuta, Takahiro Kitamura, Keigo Masuda, Kensuke Hotta, Hideyuki Senba, Satoshi Shidahara
Study Design: Retrospective study. Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive transtubular endoscopic decompression for the treatment of lumbosacral extraforaminal lesion (LSEFL). Overview of Literature: Conventional procedures for surgical decompression for the treatment of LSEFL involve certain technical challenges because the lumbosacral extraforaminal region has unique anatomical features. Moreover, the efficacy of minimally invasive procedures performed via the posterolateral approach for LSEFL has been reported...
April 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708266/nerves-and-blood-vessels-in-degenerated-intervertebral-discs-are-confined-to-physically-disrupted-tissue
#5
Polly Lama, Christine L Le Maitre, Ian J Harding, Patricia Dolan, Michael A Adams
Nerves and blood vessels are found in the peripheral annulus and endplates of healthy adult intervertebral discs. Degenerative changes can allow these vessels to grow inwards and become associated with discogenic pain, but it is not yet clear how far, and why, they grow in. Previously we have shown that physical disruption of the disc matrix, which is a defining feature of disc degeneration, creates free surfaces which lose proteoglycans and water, and so become physically and chemically conducive to cell migration...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700619/analysis-of-radiological-parameters-associated-with-decreased-fractional-anisotropy-values-on-diffusion-tensor-imaging-in-patients-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#6
Xiandi Wang, Hongli Wang, Chi Sun, Shuyi Zhou, Tao Meng, Feizhou Lv, Xiaosheng Ma, Xinlei Xia, Jianyuan Jiang
PURPOSE: Previous studies have indicated that decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) values on diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are well correlated with the symptoms of nerve root compression. The aim of our study is to determine primary radiological parameters associated with decreased FA values in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis involving single L5 nerve root. METHODS: Patients confirmed with single L5 nerve root compression by transforaminal nerve root blocks were included in this study...
April 26, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689004/assessment-of-proximal-junctional-kyphosis-and-shoulder-balance-with-proximal-screws-vs-hooks-in-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#7
Joshua M Pahys, Andrew C Vivas, Amer F Samdani, Gregory Cunn, Randal R Betz, Peter O Newton, Patrick J Cahill
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected multicenter database OBJECTIVE.: To assess the effect of proximal hooks vs. screws on proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) as well as shoulder balance in otherwise all pedicle screw (>80%) posterior spinal fusion (PSF) constructs in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Less rigid forms of fixation at the top of constructs in degenerative lumbar PSF have been postulated to decrease the risk of PJK...
April 23, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673371/radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-following-mis-tlif-in-patients-with-adult-lumbar-degenerative-scoliosis
#8
Yongfei Zhao, Yan Liang, Keya Mao
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from adult lumbar degenerative scoliosis (ALDS) are commonly complicated with advanced age, osteoporosis, cardiopulmonary insufficiency, and some other medical comorbidity. Therefore, the traditional open surgery can lead to high rate of postoperative complications. The purposes of this study were to introduce our experiences and explore the efficacy and feasibility of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of patients with ALDS...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656622/minimally-invasive-spinal-surgery-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#9
REVIEW
Junseok Bae, Sang-Ho Lee
The purpose of this review is to present the current techniques and outcomes of adult spine deformity (ASD) surgery using the minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) approach. We performed a systemic search of PubMed for literature published through January 2018 with the following terms: "minimally invasive spine surgery," "adult spinal deformity," and "degenerative scoliosis." Of the 138 items that were found through this search, 57 English-language articles were selected for full-text review...
March 2018: Neurospine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651611/risk-factors-for-medical-complications-after-long-level-internal-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#10
Xi-Nuo Zhang, Xiang-Yao Sun, Xiang-Long Meng, Yong Hai
PURPOSE: This study evaluates baseline patient characteristics and surgical parameters for risk factors of medical complications in ASD patients received posterior long level internal fixation. METHODS: Analysis of consecutive patients who underwent posterior long-level instruction fixation for adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS) with a minimum of two year follow-up was performed. Pre-operative risk factors, intraoperative variables, peri-operative radiographic parameters, and surgical-related risk factors were collected to analyze the effect of risk factors on medical complications...
April 13, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610989/the-use-of-gait-analysis-in-the-assessment-of-patients-afflicted-with-spinal-disorders
#11
Ram Haddas, Kevin L Ju, Theodore Belanger, Isador H Lieberman
PURPOSE: Use gait analysis to establish and detail the clinically relevant components of normal human gait, analyze the gait characteristics for those afflicted with spinal pathology, and identify those aspects of human gait that correlate with pre- and postoperative patient function and outcomes. METHODS: Twenty patients with adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS), 20 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), and 15 healthy volunteers performed over-ground gait trials with a comfortable self-selected speed using video cameras to measure patient motion, surface electromyography (EMG) to record muscle activity, and force plates to record ground reaction force (GRF)...
April 2, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593901/frequent-benign-nontraumatic-noninflammatory-causes-of-low-back-pain-in-adolescents-mri-findings
#12
Aikaterini Solomou, Pantelis Kraniotis, Aspasia Rigopoulou, Theodore Petsas
Introduction: Low back pain (LBP) is common in children and adolescents. There are many factors that cause LBP, including structural disorders, degenerative changes, Scheuermann's disease, fractures, inflammation, and tumors. Magnetic Resonance Imaging is the gold standard for diagnosing spinal abnormalities and is mandatory when neurological symptoms exist. The study focuses on common MRI findings in adolescents with persistent LBP, without history of acute trauma or evidence of either inflammatory or rheumatic disease...
2018: Radiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570046/sagittal-radiographic-parameters-demonstrate-weak-correlations-with-pretreatment-patient-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-measures-in-symptomatic-de-novo-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis-a-european-multicenter-analysis
#13
Sayf S A Faraj, Marinus De Kleuver, Alba Vila-Casademunt, Roderick M Holewijn, Ibrahim Obeid, Emre Acaroğlu, Ahmet Alanay, Frank Kleinstück, Francisco S Pérez-Grueso, Ferran Pellisé
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have demonstrated that among patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD), sagittal plane malalignment is poorly tolerated and correlates with suboptimal patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL). These studies included a broad range of radiographic abnormalities and various types of ASD. However, the clinical and radiographic characteristics of de novo degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DNDLS), a subtype of ASD, may influence previously reported correlation strengths. The aim of this study was to correlate sagittal radiographic parameters with pretreatment HRQOL in patients with symptomatic DNDLS...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570045/preoperative-full-length-standing-radiographs-and-revision-rates-in-lumbar-degenerative-scoliosis
#14
Joshua T Bunch, Steven D Glassman, Howard R Underwood, Leanne N Metcalfe, Stephen Ondra, Ivan Vasilyev, Leah Y Carreon
OBJECTIVE Full-length (36-inch) standing spine radiographs are commonly used by spine surgeons to evaluate patients with lumbar degenerative scoliosis (LDS). Despite this practice, the impact of these images on preoperative decision making and the rate of revision surgery has not been analyzed. The purpose of this study is to determine if preoperative full-length standing spine radiographs improve surgical decision making by decreasing the rate of revision surgery in patients with LDS. METHODS From the Health Care Service Corporation administrative claims database, the authors identified patients 50-80 years of age with LDS who had undergone surgery including posterior lumbar decompression and fusion over 2-6 levels and with at least 5 years of continuous coverage after the index surgery...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563127/renal-injury-in-a-patient-with-lumbar-scoliosis
#15
Harjoat Riyat, Richard Jones, Debashis Sarkar, Richard Stephenson
Kidney laceration following blunt trauma is responsible for up to 3% of trauma cases. The risk factors associated with renal injury are attributed to the risks of mechanical injury. However, anatomical variations that may accelerate the insult of injury are poorly documented. This case report describes a 25-year-old with degenerative lumbar scoliosis who presented with flank pain and visible haematuria following a low-impact injury. The patient had a grade IV renal injury. The curvature of the spine, shown on CT imaging, revealed a reduced retroperitoneal space around the left kidney...
March 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503692/effects-of-psychiatric-factors-on-patient-reported-outcomes-after-surgical-correction-of-lumbar-degenerative-kyphosis
#16
Tae Sik Goh, Jong Ki Shin, Myung Soo Youn, Jung Sub Lee
Study Design: A prospective study. Purpose: To identify associations between psychiatric factors and patient-reported outcomes after corrective surgery in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK). Overview of Literature: Thus far, to the best of our knowledge, patient factors that may help predict patient-reported outcomes after corrective surgery for LDK have not been studied. Methods: We prospectively investigated 46 patients with LDK who underwent surgical correction with a minimum follow-up of 2 years...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503679/psoas-morphology-differs-between-supine-and-sitting-magnetic-resonance-imaging-lumbar-spine-implications-for-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#17
Aaron J Buckland, Bryan M Beaubrun, Evan Isaacs, John Moon, Peter Zhou, Sam Horn, Gregory Poorman, Jared C Tishelman, Louis M Day, Thomas J Errico, Peter G Passias, Themistocles Protopsaltis
Study Design: Retrospective radiological review. Purpose: To quantify the effect of sitting vs supine lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and change in anterior displacement of the psoas muscle from L1-L2 to L4-L5 discs. Overview of Literature: Controversy exists in determining patient suitability for lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) based on psoas morphology. The effect of posture on psoas morphology has not previously been studied; however, lumbar MRI may be performed in sitting or supine positions...
February 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495958/renal-artery-dissection-in-a-patient-with-degenerative-scoliosis-a-rare-complication-caused-by-lumbar-vertebra-osteophyte
#18
Mehmet Beyazal, Münevver Serdaroglu Beyazal, Ekrem Kara, Hatice Beyazal Polat, Fatma Beyazal Çeliker, Şaban Ergene
Isolated spontaneous renal artery dissection (RAD) without known trauma is rare, and its etiology has not been determined. However, notable risk factors including hypertension, strenuous exercise, connective tissue disorders, atherosclerosis, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, and cocaine abuse have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, isolated RAD caused by lumbar vertebra osteophytes in patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis has not been reported in the literature. In this article, we present a case of RAD caused by lumbar vertebra osteophyte in a patient with degenerative scoliosis and discuss the management of the disease...
May 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492351/multilevel-contiguous-osteoporotic-lumbar-compression-fractures-the-relationship-of-scoliosis-to-the-development-of-cascading-fractures
#19
REVIEW
Alex Sabo, Jesse Hatgis, Michelle Granville, Robert E Jacobson
Osteoporotic patients can present with either single or multiple fractures secondary to repeated falls and progressive osteoporosis. Multiple fractures often lead to additional spinal deformity and are a sign of more severe osteoporosis. In the thoracic spine, multiple fractures are associated with the development of gradual thoracic kyphosis but neurologic deficits are uncommon. In the lumbar spine, patients with multiple lumbar fractures have more constant lumbar pain, may have symptoms related to concurrent lumbar stenosis or degenerative scoliosis, and may present with radiculopathy, especially with fractures at L4 and L5...
December 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490003/clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-of-upper-thoracic-versus-lower-thoracic-upper-instrumented-vertebrae-for-adult-scoliosis-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
X Kang, L Dong, T Yang, Z Wang, G Huang, X Chen
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of upper thoracic (UT) versus lower thoracic (LT) upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) for adult scoliosis by meta-analysis. We conducted a literature search in three databases to retrieve related studies up to March 15, 2017. The preliminary screened studies were assessed by two reviewers according to the selection criteria. All analyses were carried out using the statistical software package R version 2.31. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to describe the results...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
keyword
keyword
63592
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"