keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dopamine receptors

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228131/synaptic-potentiation-at-basal-and-apical-dendrites-of-hippocampal-pyramidal-neurons-involves-activation-of-a-distinct-set-of-extracellular-and-intracellular-molecular-cues
#1
Patrycja Brzdak, Olga Wójcicka, Monika Zareba-Koziol, Daniel Minge, Christian Henneberger, Jakub Wlodarczyk, Jerzy W Mozrzymas, Tomasz Wójtowicz
In the central nervous system, several forms of experience-dependent plasticity, learning and memory require the activity-dependent control of synaptic efficacy. Despite substantial progress in describing synaptic plasticity, mechanisms related to heterogeneity of synaptic functions at local circuits remain elusive. Here we studied the functional and molecular aspects of hippocampal circuit plasticity by analyzing excitatory synapses at basal and apical dendrites of mouse hippocampal pyramidal cells (CA1 region) in acute brain slices...
December 8, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226628/modeling-of-prolactin-response-following-dopamine-d2-receptor-antagonists-in-rats-can-it-be-translated-to-clinical-dosing
#2
Amit Taneja, An Vermeulen, Dymphy R H Huntjens, Meindert Danhof, Elizabeth C M De Lange, Johannes H Proost
Prolactin release is a side effect of antipsychotic therapy with dopamine antagonists, observed in rats as well as humans. We examined whether two semimechanistic models could describe prolactin response in rats and subsequently be translated to predict pituitary dopamine D2 receptor occupancy and plasma prolactin concentrations in humans following administration of paliperidone or remoxipride. Data on male Wistar rats receiving single or multiple doses of risperidone, paliperidone, or remoxipride was described by two semimechanistic models, the precursor pool model and the agonist-antagonist interaction model...
December 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226617/activation-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptors-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-attenuates-cocaine-seeking-in-rats
#3
Nicole S Hernandez, Bernadette O'Donovan, Pavel I Ortinski, Heath D Schmidt
Recent evidence indicates that activation of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptors reduces cocaine-mediated behaviors and cocaine-evoked dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens (NAc). However, no studies have examined the role of NAc GLP-1 receptors in the reinstatement of cocaine-seeking behavior, an animal model of relapse. Here, we show that systemic infusion of a behaviorally relevant dose of the GLP-1 receptor agonist exendin-4 penetrated the brain and localized with neurons and astrocytes in the NAc...
December 11, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225337/divergent-effects-of-acute-and-repeated-quetiapine-treatment-on-dopamine-neuron-activity-in-normal-vs-chronic-mild-stress-induced-hypodopaminergic-states
#4
REVIEW
Jared L Moreines, Zoe L Owrutsky, Kimberly G Gagnon, Anthony A Grace
Clinical evidence supports the use of second-generation dopamine D2 receptor antagonists (D2RAs) as adjunctive therapy or in some cases monotherapy in patients with depression. However, the mechanism for the clinical antidepressant effect of D2RAs remains unclear. Specifically, given accumulating evidence for decreased ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine system function in depression, an antidepressant effect of a medication that is expected to further reduce dopamine system activity seems paradoxical. In the present paper we used electrophysiological single unit recordings of identified VTA dopamine neurons to characterize the impact of acute and repeated administration of the D2RA quetiapine at antidepressant doses in non-stressed rats and those exposed to the chronic mild stress (CMS) rodent depression model, the latter modeling the hypodopaminergic state observed in patients with depression...
December 11, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225192/effects-of-the-new-psychoactive-substances-diclofensine-diphenidine-and-methoxphenidine-on-monoaminergic-systems
#5
Dino Luethi, Marius C Hoener, Matthias E Liechti
Diclofensine, diphenidine, and methoxphenidine are new psychoactive substances (NPSs) that recently appeared on the illicit drug market. Pharmacological profiling of such newly emerged drugs is crucial for a better understanding of their psychotropic effects and toxicity. We therefore investigated the potential of these NPSs to inhibit the norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin transporters in human embryonic kidney cells stably transfected with the respective transporters. In addition, we determined monoamine transporter and receptor affinities for the substances...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225042/endogenous-dopamine-and-endocannabinoid-signaling-mediate-cocaine-induced-reversal-of-ampar-synaptic-potentiation-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-shell
#6
Anna E Ingebretson, Matthew C Hearing, Ethan D Huffington, Mark J Thomas
Repeated exposure to drugs of abuse alters the structure and function of neural circuits mediating reward, generating maladaptive plasticity in circuits critical for motivated behavior. Within meso-corticolimbic dopamine circuitry, repeated exposure to cocaine induces progressive alterations in AMPAR-mediated glutamatergic synaptic transmission. During a 10-14 day period of abstinence from cocaine, AMPAR signaling is potentiated at synapses on nucleus accumbens (NAc) medium spiny neurons (MSNs), promoting a state of heightened synaptic excitability...
December 7, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224246/circadian-peak-dopaminergic-activity-response-at-the-biological-clock-pacemaker-suprachiasmatic-nucleus-area-mediates-the-metabolic-responsiveness-to-a-high-fat-diet
#7
Shuqin Luo, Yahong Zhang, Michael Ezrokhi, Yang Li, Tsung-Huang Tsai, Anthony H Cincotta
Among vertebrate species of the major vertebrate classes in the wild, a seasonal rhythm of whole body fuel metabolism, oscillating from lean to obese condition, is a common biological phenomenon. This annual cycle is driven in part by annual changes in the circadian dopaminergic signaling at the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), with diminution of circadian peak dopaminergic activity at the SCN facilitating development of the seasonal obese insulin resistant condition. The present study investigated whether such an ancient circadian dopamine-SCN activity system for expression of the seasonal obese, insulin resistant phenotype may be operative in animals made obese, insulin resistant by high fat feeding and if so whether reinstatement of the circadian dopaminergic peak at the SCN would be sufficient to reverse the adverse metabolic impact of the high fat diet without alteration of caloric intake...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223637/the-role-of-striatal-g%C3%AE-q-11-protein-in-methamphetamine-induced-behavioral-sensitization-in-mice
#8
Kwang-Wook Lee, Kyungin Kim, Hyoung-Chun Kim, Seok-Yong Lee, Choon-Gon Jang
Gαq/11 protein transduces signals from neurotransmitter receptors and has been implicated in several functions of the central nervous system. In this study, the role of Gαq/11 protein in methamphetamine (METH)-induced behavioral sensitization was investigated using neurochemical and behavioral approaches. Repeated treatment with METH (2mg/kg, intraperitoneally) significantly increased behavioral sensitization as well as Gαq/11 protein expression and Gα protein activity in the striata of mice, while a single treatment of METH at the same dose did not affect these parameters...
December 6, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223348/distinctive-binding-properties-of-the-negative-allosteric-modulator-3h-sb269-652-at-recombinant-dopamine-d3-receptors
#9
Irene Fasciani, Ilaria Pietrantoni, Mario Rossi, Clotilde Mannoury la Cour, Gabriella Aloisi, Francesco Marampon, Marco Scarselli, Mark J Millan, Roberto Maggio
Recently, employing radioligand displacement and functional coupling studies, we demonstrated that SB269,652 (N-[(1r,4r)-4-[2-(7-cyano-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-2-yl)ethyl]cyclohexyl]-1H-indole-2-carboxamide) interacts in an atypical manner with dopamine D3 receptor displaying a unique profile reminiscent of a negative allosteric ligand. Here, we characterized the binding of radiolabelled [3H]SB269,652 to human dopamine D3 receptor stably expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. Under saturating conditions, SB269,652 showed a KD value of ≈ 1nM...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223163/neuroprotective-properties-of-endocannabinoids-n-arachidonoyl-dopamine-and-n-docosahexaenoyl-dopamine-examined-in-neuronal-precursors-derived-from-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#10
E V Novosadova, E L Arsenyeva, E S Manuilova, L G Khaspekov, M Yu Bobrov, V V Bezuglov, S N Illarioshkin, I A Grivennikov
Neuroprotective properties of endocannabinoids N-arachidonoyl dopamine (NADA) and N-docosahexaenoyl dopamine (DHDA) were examined in neuronal precursor cells differentiated from human induced pluripotent stem cells and subjected to oxidative stress. Both compounds exerted neuroprotective activity, which was enhanced by elevating the concentration of the endocannabinoids within the 0.1-10 µM range. However, both agents at 10 µM concentration showed a marked toxic effect resulting in death of ~30% of the cells...
November 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221855/toll-like-receptor-4-regulates-anxiety-like-behavior-and-darpp-32-phosphorylation
#11
T Femenia, Y Qian, T Arentsen, H Forssberg, R Diaz Heijtz
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in early innate immune responses to inflammatory agents and pathogens. In the brain, some members of the TLR family are expressed in glial cells and neurons. In particular, TLR4 has been involved in learning and memory processes, stress-induced adaptations, and pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. However, the role of TLR4 in emotional behaviors and their underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the role of TLR4 in emotional and social behavior by using different behavioral approaches, and assessed potential molecular alterations in important brain areas involved in emotional responses...
December 5, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221808/a-cannabinoid-receptor-antagonist-attenuates-ghrelin-induced-activation-of-the-mesolimbic-dopamine-system-in-mice
#12
Aimilia Lydia Kalafateli, Daniel Vallöf, Julia Winsa Jörnulf, Markus Heilig, Elisabet Jerlhag
Ghrelin has been attributed various physiological processes including food intake and reward regulation, through activation of the mesolimbic dopamine system. Reward modulation involves the mesolimbic dopamine system, consisting of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) dopamine neurons targeting nucleus accumbens (NAc), a system that ghrelin activates through VTA-dependent mechanisms. In the first study, we found that systemic intraperitoneal (ip) administration of rimonabant attenuated intracerebroventricular (icv) ghrelin's ability to cause locomotor stimulation and NAc dopamine release in mice...
December 5, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221794/glp-1-action-in-the-mouse-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis
#13
Diana L Williams, Nicole A Lilly, Ian J Edwards, Pallas Yao, James E Richards, Stefan Trapp
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) injected into the brain reduces food intake. Similarly, activation of preproglucagon (PPG) cells in the hindbrain which synthesize GLP-1, reduces food intake. However, it is far from clear whether this happens because of satiety, nausea, reduced reward, or even stress. Here we explore the role of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), an area involved in feeding control as well as stress responses, in GLP-1 responses. Using cre-expressing mice we visualized projections of NTS PPG neurons and GLP-1R-expressing BNST cells with AAV-driven Channelrhodopsin-YFP expression...
December 5, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221778/long-term-treatment-with-dopamine-d3-receptor-agonists-induces-a-behavioral-switch-that-can-be-rescued-by-blocking-the-dopamine-d1-receptor
#14
Mai-Lynne Dinkins, Perrine Lallemand, Stefan Clemens
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is commonly treated with the dopamine agonists pramipexole, and rotigotine, which target the inhibitory dopamine receptor subtype D3R. While initially highly effective, these compounds lose their efficacy in treating RLS over time, and long-term therapy regularly leads to a worsening of the symptoms (augmentation). This dopamine agonist-induced augmentation has become a prime concern in the treatment of RLS, and while alternate therapies are being proposed, the mechanisms leading to augmentation remain opaque...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221752/chronic-nicotine-exposure-impairs-uncertainty-modulation-on-reinforcement-learning-in-anterior-cingulate-cortex-and-serotonin-system
#15
Zhengde Wei, Long Han, Xiuying Zhong, Ying Liu, Rujing Zha, Ying Wang, Li-Zhuang Yang, Junjie Bu, Hongwen Song, Wenjuan Wang, Yifeng Zhou, Ping Gao, Xiaochu Zhang
Deficits in the computational processes of reinforcement learning have been suggested to underlie addiction. Additionally, environmental uncertainty, which is encoded in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), modulates reward prediction errors (RPEs) during reinforcement learning and exacerbates addiction. The present study tested whether and how the ACC would have an essential role in drug addiction by failing to use uncertainty to modulate the RPEs during reinforcement learning. In Experiment I, we found that the ACC/medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) did not modulate RPE learning according to uncertainty in smokers...
December 5, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221470/potential-diagnostic-markers-of-olanzapine-efficiency-for-acute-psychosis-a-focus-on-peripheral-biogenic-amines
#16
A E Taraskina, R F Nasyrova, A M Zabotina, D N Sosin, К А Sosina, E E Ershov, M N Grunina, E M Krupitsky
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers are now widely used in many fields of medicine, and the identification of biomarkers that predict antipsychotic efficacy and adverse reactions is a growing area of psychiatric research. Monoamine molecules of the peripheral bloodstream are possible prospective biomarkers based on a growing body of evidence indicating that they may reflect specific changes in neurotransmitters in the brain. The aim of this study was to detect peripheral biogenic amine indicators of patients with acute psychosis and to test the correlations between the biological measures studied and the psychopathological status of the patients...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220863/a-small-dose-of-apomorphine-counteracts-the-deleterious-effects-of-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-in-different-models
#17
F Mastroiacovo, A Gaglione, C L Busceti, L Ryskalin, G Bozza, F Nicoletti, F Orzi, F Fornai
The present manuscript investigates in two animal species by using two different experimental models of middle cerebral artery occlusion (permanent and transient), the neuroprotective effects of the dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine. These effects were evaluated by measuring the infarct volume and by counting muscle strength at different time points following the ischemic insult. Apomorphine at the dose of 3 mg/Kg when adminsitered at two hours following the occlusion of the middle cerebral artery was able to reduce significantly the infarct volume in the cortex of mice and the ischemic volume of the basal ganglia perfused by the perforant branches of the middle cerebral artery in the rat...
September 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220382/anatomical-relationships-between-serotonin-5-ht2a-and-dopamine-d2-receptors-in-living-human-brain
#18
Tatsuya Ishii, Yasuyuki Kimura, Masanori Ichise, Keisuke Takahata, Soichiro Kitamura, Sho Moriguchi, Manabu Kubota, Ming-Rong Zhang, Makiko Yamada, Makoto Higuchi, Yoshinori Okubo, Tetsuya Suhara
METHODS: Seven healthy volunteers underwent PET scans with [18F]altanserin and [11C]FLB 457 for 5-HT2A and D2 receptors, respectively. As a measure of receptor density, a binding potential (BP) was calculated from PET data for 76 cerebral cortical regions. A correlation matrix was calculated between the binding potentials of [18F]altanserin and [11C]FLB 457 for those regions. The regional relationships were investigated using a bicluster analysis of the correlation matrix with an iterative signature algorithm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219316/from-the-promiscuous-asenapine-to-potent-fluorescent-ligands-acting-at-a-series-of-aminergic-g-protein-coupled-receptors
#19
Candide Hounsou, Corinne Baehr, Vincent Gasparik, Doria Alili, Abderazak Belhocine, Thiéric Rodriguez, Elodie Dupuis, Thomas Roux, André Mann, Denis Heissler, Jean-Philippe Pin, Thierry Durroux, Dominique Bonnet, Marcel Hibert
Monoamine neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, histamine and noradrenaline have important and varied physiological functions and similar chemical structures. Representing important pharmaceutical drug targets, the corresponding G protein coupled receptors (termed aminergic GPCRs) belong to the class of cell membrane receptors and share many levels of similarity as well. Given their pharmacological and structural closeness, one could hypothesize the possibility to derivatize a ubiquitous ligand to afford rapidly fluorescent probes for a large set of GPCRs to be used for instance in FRET-based binding assays...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219207/motor-complications-in-parkinson-s-disease-striatal-molecular-and-electrophysiological-mechanisms-of-dyskinesias
#20
REVIEW
Barbara Picconi, Ledia F Hernández, Jose A Obeso, Paolo Calabresi
Long-term levodopa (l-dopa) treatment in patients with Parkinson´s disease (PD) is associated with the development of motor complications (ie, motor fluctuations and dyskinesias). The principal etiopathogenic factors are the degree of nigro-striatal dopaminergic loss and the duration and dose of l-dopa treatment. In this review article we concentrate on analysis of the mechanisms underlying l-dopa-induced dyskinesias, a phenomenon that causes disability in a proportion of patients and that has not benefited from major therapeutic advances...
December 8, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
keyword
keyword
63591
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"