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Penny kris-etherton

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635680/saturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-replacements-for-saturated-fat-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk
#1
REVIEW
Michelle A Briggs, Kristina S Petersen, Penny M Kris-Etherton
Dietary recommendations to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have focused on reducing intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) for more than 50 years. While the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise substituting both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids for SFA, evidence supports other nutrient substitutions that will also reduce CVD risk. For example, replacing SFA with whole grains, but not refined carbohydrates, reduces CVD risk. Replacing SFA with protein, especially plant protein, may also reduce CVD risk...
June 21, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620111/dietary-fats-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#2
REVIEW
Frank M Sacks, Alice H Lichtenstein, Jason H Y Wu, Lawrence J Appel, Mark A Creager, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, Eric B Rimm, Lawrence L Rudel, Jennifer G Robinson, Neil J Stone, Linda V Van Horn
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of death, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year. Preventive treatment that reduces CVD by even a small percentage can substantially reduce, nationally and globally, the number of people who develop CVD and the costs of caring for them. This American Heart Association presidential advisory on dietary fats and CVD reviews and discusses the scientific evidence, including the most recent studies, on the effects of dietary saturated fat intake and its replacement by other types of fats and carbohydrates on CVD...
June 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615376/smell-and-taste-dysfunction-is-associated-with-higher-serum-total-cholesterol-concentrations-in-chinese-adults
#3
Zhe Huang, Shue Huang, Hongliang Cong, Zheng Li, Junjuan Li, Kathleen L Keller, Gregory C Shearer, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
Background: Several lipid-related hormones and peptides, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 and leptin, are involved in the regulation of taste and smell function. However, to our knowledge, it remains unknown whether these chemosensory functions are associated with lipid profiles.Objective: We examined the cross-sectional association between taste and smell dysfunction and blood cholesterol concentrations.Methods: With the use of a questionnaire, we assessed chronic smell and taste dysfunction in 12,627 Chinese participants (10,418 men and 2209 women; mean age: 54...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615375/inclusion-of-almonds-in-a-cholesterol-lowering-diet-improves-plasma-hdl-subspecies-and-cholesterol-efflux-to-serum-in-normal-weight-individuals-with-elevated-ldl-cholesterol
#4
Claire E Berryman, Jennifer A Fleming, Penny M Kris-Etherton
Background: Almonds may increase circulating HDL cholesterol when substituted for a high-carbohydrate snack in an isocaloric diet, yet little is known about the effects on HDL biology and function.Objective: The objective was to determine whether incorporating 43 g almonds/d in a cholesterol-lowering diet would improve HDL subspecies and function, which were secondary study outcomes.Methods: In a randomized, 2-period, crossover, controlled-feeding study, a diet with 43 g almonds/d (percentage of total energy: 51% carbohydrate, 16% protein, and 32% total and 8% saturated fat) was compared with a similar diet with an isocaloric muffin substitution (58% carbohydrate, 15% protein, and 26% total and 8% saturated fat) in men and women with elevated LDL cholesterol...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551044/a-deficiency-of-nutrition-education-and-practice-in-cardiology
#5
Stephen Devries, Arthur Agatston, Monica Aggarwal, Karen E Aspry, Caldwell B Esselstyn, Penny Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, James H O'Keefe, Emilio Ros, Anne K Rzeszut, Beth A White, Kim A Williams, Andrew M Freeman
PURPOSE: Nutrition is one of the foundations of cardiovascular guidelines for risk reduction and treatment. However, little is known about whether cardiologists, cardiology fellows-in-training, and cardiovascular team members have the nutrition education and knowledge necessary to implement these guidelines. The aim of this study was to describe the educational experiences, attitudes, and practices relating to nutrition among cardiovascular professionals. METHODS: Surveys completed by cardiologists, fellows-in-training, and cardiovascular team members inquired about their personal dietary habits, history of nutrition education, and attitudes regarding nutrition interventions...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389247/oleic-acid-derived-oleoylethanolamide-a-nutritional-science-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Kate J Bowen, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Gregory C Shearer, Sheila G West, Lavanya Reddivari, Peter J H Jones
The fatty acid ethanolamide oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is an endogenous lipid mediator derived from the monounsaturated fatty acid, oleic acid. OEA is synthesized from membrane glycerophospholipids and is a high-affinity agonist of the nuclear transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α). Dietary intake of oleic acid elevates circulating levels of OEA in humans by increasing substrate availability for OEA biosynthesis. Numerous clinical studies demonstrate a beneficial relationship between high-oleic acid diets and body composition, with emerging evidence to suggest OEA may mediate this response through modulation of lipid metabolism and energy intake...
April 5, 2017: Progress in Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356431/acute-peanut-consumption-alters-postprandial-lipids-and-vascular-responses-in-healthy-overweight-or-obese-men
#7
Xiaoran Liu, Alison M Hill, Sheila G West, Rachel M Gabauer, Cindy E McCrea, Jennifer A Fleming, Penny M Kris-Etherton
Background: Postprandial hyperlipidemia is associated with impaired endothelial function. Peanut consumption favorably affects the lipid and lipoprotein profile; however, the effects on endothelial function remain unclear.Objective: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of acute peanut consumption as part of a high-fat meal on postprandial endothelial function.Methods: We conducted a randomized, controlled, crossover postprandial study to evaluate the effect of acute peanut consumption on postprandial lipids and endothelial function as assessed by flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery in 15 healthy overweight or obese men [mean age: 26...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289069/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-fish-oil-supplementation-and-the-prevention-of-clinical-cardiovascular-disease-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#8
REVIEW
David S Siscovick, Thomas A Barringer, Amanda M Fretts, Jason H Y Wu, Alice H Lichtenstein, Rebecca B Costello, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Terry A Jacobson, Mary B Engler, Heather M Alger, Lawrence J Appel, Dariush Mozaffarian
Multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have assessed the effects of supplementation with eicosapentaenoic acid plus docosahexaenoic acid (omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, commonly called fish oils) on the occurrence of clinical cardiovascular diseases. Although the effects of supplementation for the primary prevention of clinical cardiovascular events in the general population have not been examined, RCTs have assessed the role of supplementation in secondary prevention among patients with diabetes mellitus and prediabetes, patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease, and those with prevalent coronary heart disease...
April 11, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254181/trending-cardiovascular-nutrition-controversies
#9
REVIEW
Andrew M Freeman, Pamela B Morris, Neal Barnard, Caldwell B Esselstyn, Emilio Ros, Arthur Agatston, Stephen Devries, James O'Keefe, Michael Miller, Dean Ornish, Kim Williams, Penny Kris-Etherton
The potential cardiovascular benefits of several trending foods and dietary patterns are still incompletely understood, and nutritional science continues to evolve. However, in the meantime, a number of controversial dietary patterns, foods, and nutrients have received significant media exposure and are mired by hype. This review addresses some of the more popular foods and dietary patterns that are promoted for cardiovascular health to provide clinicians with accurate information for patient discussions in the clinical setting...
March 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199736/impact-of-hormonal-contraception-and-weight-loss-on-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-efflux-and-lipoprotein-particles-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
Anuja Dokras, Martin Playford, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Allen R Kunselman, Christy M Stetter, Nancy I Williams, Carol L Gnatuk, Stephanie J Estes, David B Sarwer, Kelly C Allison, Christos Coutifaris, Nehal Mehta, Richard S Legro
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of oral contraceptive pills (OCP), the first-line treatment for PCOS, on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) function (reverse cholesterol efflux capacity) and lipoprotein particles measured using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in obese women. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (OWL-PCOS) of OCP or Lifestyle (intensive Lifestyle modification) or Combined (OCP + Lifestyle) treatment groups for 16 weeks...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137935/meal-timing-and-frequency-implications-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#11
REVIEW
Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Jamy Ard, Monica L Baskin, Stephanie E Chiuve, Heather M Johnson, Penny Kris-Etherton, Krista Varady
Eating patterns are increasingly varied. Typical breakfast, lunch, and dinner meals are difficult to distinguish because skipping meals and snacking have become more prevalent. Such eating styles can have various effects on cardiometabolic health markers, namely obesity, lipid profile, insulin resistance, and blood pressure. In this statement, we review the cardiometabolic health effects of specific eating patterns: skipping breakfast, intermittent fasting, meal frequency (number of daily eating occasions), and timing of eating occasions...
February 28, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031418/peripheral-inflammatory-biomarkers-for-myocardial-infarction-risk-a-prospective-community-based-study
#12
Zhijun Wu, Zhe Huang, Wei Jin, Eric B Rimm, Alice H Lichtenstein, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
BACKGROUND: Most previous studies regarding chronic inflammation and risk of myocardial infarction (MI) have lacked repeated measures of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and/or white blood cell (WBC) count over time. We examined whether cumulative average and longitudinal changes in these biomarkers were associated with subsequent MI risk. METHODS: In this prospective, community-based study, we included 82544 Chinese participants [66796 men and 15748 women; mean (SD) age 55...
March 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003205/incorporating-freeze-dried-strawberry-powder-into-a-high-fat-meal-does-not-alter-postprandial-vascular-function-or-blood-markers-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Chesney K Richter, Ann C Skulas-Ray, Trent L Gaugler, Joshua D Lambert, David N Proctor, Penny M Kris-Etherton
BACKGROUND: Postprandial dysmetabolism-an exaggerated spike in triglycerides, glucose, and insulin-increases cardiovascular disease risk by inducing oxidative stress, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction. Polyphenol-rich foods may blunt these effects when they are incorporated into a high-fat, calorie-dense meal. Strawberries are a rich source of polyphenols, but there is little research on their postprandial effects. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the effect of adding 40 g freeze-dried strawberry powder (∼1 lb...
February 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804268/effects-of-canola-and-high-oleic-acid-canola-oils-on-abdominal-fat-mass-in-individuals-with-central-obesity
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Xiaoran Liu, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Sheila G West, Benoît Lamarche, David J A Jenkins, Jennifer A Fleming, Cindy E McCrea, Shuaihua Pu, Patrick Couture, Philip W Connelly, Peter J H Jones
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of diets low in saturated fatty acids and high in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) or polyunsaturated fatty acids on body composition in participants at risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: This study was a randomized, crossover, controlled feeding study. Participants (n = 101, ages 49.5 ± 1.2, BMI 29.4 ± 0.4 kg/m(2) ) were randomized to five isocaloric diets containing treatment oils: Canola, CanolaOleic, CanolaDHA, Corn/Safflower, and Flax/Safflower...
November 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789558/recommended-dietary-pattern-to-achieve-adherence-to-the-american-heart-association-american-college-of-cardiology-aha-acc-guidelines-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#15
Linda Van Horn, Jo Ann S Carson, Lawrence J Appel, Lora E Burke, Christina Economos, Wahida Karmally, Kristie Lancaster, Alice H Lichtenstein, Rachel K Johnson, Randal J Thomas, Miriam Vos, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Penny Kris-Etherton
In 2013, the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology published the "Guideline on Lifestyle Management to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk," which was based on a systematic review originally initiated by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. The guideline supports the American Heart Association's 2020 Strategic Impact Goals for cardiovascular health promotion and disease reduction by providing more specific details for adopting evidence-based diet and lifestyle behaviors to achieve those goals...
November 29, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747477/omega-3-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-are-there-benefits
#16
REVIEW
Kate J Bowen, William S Harris, Penny M Kris-Etherton
Early secondary prevention trials of fish and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) capsules reported beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes, including all-cause mortality and sudden cardiac death. These clinical findings, as well as observational and experimental data, demonstrated that omega-3 PUFAs reduced the risk of coronary outcomes and overall mortality and were the basis for recommendations made in the early 2000s to increase omega-3 PUFA intake. In the last 6 years, however, results from both primary and secondary prevention trials have generally failed to show a beneficial effect of omega-3 PUFA supplementation, bringing current recommendations into question...
November 2016: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724055/estimates-of-the-direct-and-indirect-cost-savings-associated-with-heart-disease-that-could-be-avoided-through-dietary-change-in-the-united-states
#17
John Cawley, Chad Meyerhoefer, Leah G Gillingham, Penny Kris-Etherton, Peter J H Jones
AIMS: Diets high in saturated fat are associated with elevated risk of heart disease. This study estimates the savings in direct (medical care) costs and indirect (job absenteeism) costs in the US from reductions in heart disease associated with substituting monounsaturated fats (MUFA) for saturated fats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A four-part model of the medical care cost savings from avoided heart disease was estimated using data on 247,700 adults from the 2000-2010 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)...
February 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601568/medical-training-to-achieve-competency-in-lifestyle-counseling-an-essential-foundation-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-other-chronic-medical-conditions-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#18
Marie-France Hivert, Ross Arena, Daniel E Forman, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Patrick E McBride, Russell R Pate, Bonnie Spring, Jennifer Trilk, Linda V Van Horn, William E Kraus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253669/weight-loss-and-lowering-androgens-predict-improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-women-with-pcos
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anuja Dokras, David B Sarwer, Kelly C Allison, Lauren Milman, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Allen R Kunselman, Christy M Stetter, Nancy I Williams, Carol L Gnatuk, Stephanie J Estes, Jennifer Fleming, Christos Coutifaris, Richard S Legro
CONTEXT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and increased prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders. The impact of PCOS-specific treatments on these co-morbidities is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of weight loss and decreasing hyperandrogenism on HRQOL and mood and anxiety disorders in women with PCOS. DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (OWL-PCOS) of preconception treatment conducted at two academic centers in women (age, 18-40 years; body mass index, 27-42 kg/m(2)) with PCOS defined by Rotterdam criteria...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27172435/benefit-of-delayed-fertility-therapy-with-preconception-weight-loss-over-immediate-therapy-in-obese-women-with-pcos
#20
Richard S Legro, William C Dodson, Allen R Kunselman, Christy M Stetter, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Nancy I Williams, Carol L Gnatuk, Stephanie J Estes, Kelly C Allison, David B Sarwer, Michael P Diamond, William D Schlaff, Peter R Casson, Gregory M Christman, Kurt T Barnhart, G Wright Bates, Rebecca Usadi, Scott Lucidi, Valerie Baker, Heping Zhang, Esther Eisenberg, Christos Coutifaris, Anuja Dokras
CONTEXT: In overweight/obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the relative benefit of delaying infertility treatment to lose weight vs seeking immediate treatment is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We compared the results of two, multicenter, concurrent clinical trials treating infertility in women with PCOS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a secondary analysis of two randomized trials conducted at academic health centers studying women 18-40 years of age who were overweight/obese and infertile with PCOS...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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