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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069109/immunomodulatory-effects-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-overexpressing-heme-oxygenase-1-protective-effects-on-acute-rejection-following-reduced-size-liver-transplantation-in-a-rat-model
#1
Zhong-Yang Shen, Bin Wu, Tao Liu, Yang Yang, Ming-Li Yin, Wei-Ping Zheng, Bo-Ya Zhang, Hong-Li Song
Here we explore the T-lymphocyte suppressive and immunomodulatory effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) overexpressing heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) on acute rejection following reduced-size liver transplantation (RLT) in a rat model. The proliferation activity, cell cycle progression, secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, expression of CD25 and CD71 in lymphocytes, and activity of NK cells were found to be significantly lowered, and the proportion of regulatory T cells (Tregs) was found to be increased relative to BMMSCs when Adv-HO-1/BMMSCs were co-cultured with Con A ex vivo; secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines was significantly higher...
December 26, 2016: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068330/loss-of-p53-induces-leukemic-transformation-in-a-murine-model-of-jak2-v617f-driven-polycythemia-vera
#2
T Tsuruta-Kishino, J Koya, K Kataoka, K Narukawa, Y Sumitomo, H Kobayashi, T Sato, M Kurokawa
As leukemic transformation of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) worsens the clinical outcome, reducing the inherent risk of the critical event in MPN cases could be beneficial. Among genetic alterations concerning the transformation, the frequent one is TP53 mutation. Here we show that retroviral overexpression of Jak2 V617F mutant into wild-type p53 murine bone marrow cells induced polycythemia vera (PV) in the recipient mice, whereas Jak2 V617F-transduced p53-null mice developed lethal leukemia after the preceding PV phase...
January 9, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062363/governing-roles-for-trib3-pseudokinase-during-stress-erythropoiesis
#3
Arvind Dev, Ruth Asch, Edward Jachimowicz, Nicole Rainville, Ashley Johnson, Emily Greenfest-Allen, Don M Wojchowski
In response to anemia, the heightened production of erythropoietin (EPO) can sharply promote erythroid progenitor cell (EPC) formation. Specific mediators of such EPO- accelerated erythropoiesis, however, are not well understood. Presently, we first report that the expression of Trib3 in adult bone marrow EPCs in vivo is nominal at steady state, but strongly activated upon EPO challenge. In a knockout mouse model, Trib3 disruption modestly decreased steady-state erythrocyte numbers, and increased mean corpuscular volume...
January 3, 2017: Experimental Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974744/notch-regulates-th17-differentiation-and-controls-trafficking-of-il-17-and-metabolic-regulators-within-th17-cells-in-a-context-dependent-manner
#4
Manuel Coutaz, Benjamin P Hurrell, Floriane Auderset, Haiping Wang, Stefanie Siegert, Gerard Eberl, Ping-Chih Ho, Freddy Radtke, Fabienne Tacchini-Cottier
Th17 cells play critical roles in host defense and autoimmunity. Emerging data support a role for Notch signaling in Th17 cell differentiation but whether it is a positive or negative regulator remains unclear. We report here that T cell-specific deletion of Notch receptors enhances Th17 cell differentiation in the gut, with a corresponding increase in IL-17 secretion. An increase in Th17 cell frequency was similarly observed following immunization of T cell specific Notch mutant mice with OVA/CFA. However, in this setting, Th17 cytokine secretion was impaired, and increased intracellular retention of IL-17 was observed...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931817/evaluation-of-the-pigret-assay-in-rats-by-single-oral-dosing-with-azidothymidine
#5
Hisakazu Sanada, Tomoka Ohsumi, Naomi Koyama, Taishi Miyashita, Kazuto Hashimoto
In vivo phosphatidylinositol glycan, class A (Pig-a) gene mutation assay using peripheral blood is known to be a novel and useful tool to evaluate the mutagenicity of compounds. Recently, the rat PIGRET assay which is an improved method for measuring Pig-a mutant cells in reticulocytes with magnetic enrichment of CD71 positive cells has been developed. Several reports showed that the PIGRET assay could detect the increase of Pig-a mutant frequency earlier than the Pig-a assay in total red blood cells (RBC Pig-a assay)...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931806/detection-of-pig-a-gene-mutants-in-rat-peripheral-blood-following-a-single-urethane-treatment-a-comparison-of-the-rbc-pig-a-and-pigret-assays
#6
Kazunori Narumi, Yohei Fujiishi, Emiko Okada, Wakako Ohyama
The rat red blood cell (RBC) Pig-a assay has been recommended by an expert working group of the International Workshop on Genotoxicity Testing as a potential new method to evaluate in vivo gene mutations in regulatory genotoxicity risk assessments. In a collaborative study in Japan, an improved Pig-a assay using reticulocytes (PIGRET assay) with magnetic enrichment of CD71-positive cells was evaluated, and it was revealed that this assay could detect the mutagenicity of chemicals earlier than the RBC Pig-a assay could...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930538/binocular-indirect-ophthalmo-microscope-assistant-gas-perfused-pars-plana-vitrectomy-a-novel-technique-for-vitreous-sample-acquisition
#7
Luyi Zhang, Xiaoli Yang, Qingqing Zheng, Miaoqin Wu
The vitreous sample has been used for the diagnosis of uveitis and intraocular malignancy for decades. The sample volume is usually limited to 1 mL with current techniques. In the present study, a novel technique for higher amount of vitreous sample acquisition, that is, Binocular Indirect Ophthalmo Microscope-assistant gas-perfused pars plana vitrectomy (BAG-PPV) was invented.For diagnostic purpose, BAG-PPV with 23-ga vitrectomy system was performed on a 54-year-old Chinese male with the symptom of bilateral atypical uveitis...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902785/apoptosis-related-gene-expression-profiling-in-hematopoietic-cell-fractions-of-mds-patients
#8
Saskia Mc Langemeijer, Niccolo Mariani, Ruth Knops, Christian Gilissen, Rob Woestenenk, Theo de Witte, Gerwin Huls, Bert A van der Reijden, Joop H Jansen
Although the vast majority of patients with a myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) suffer from cytopenias, the bone marrow is usually normocellular or hypercellular. Apoptosis of hematopoietic cells in the bone marrow has been implicated in this phenomenon. However, in MDS it remains only partially elucidated which genes are involved in this process and which hematopoietic cells are mainly affected. We employed sensitive real-time PCR technology to study 93 apoptosis-related genes and gene families in sorted immature CD34+ and the differentiating erythroid (CD71+) and monomyeloid (CD13/33+) bone marrow cells...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870894/identification-of-stages-of-erythroid-differentiation-in-bone-marrow-and-erythrocyte-subpopulations-in-blood-circulation-that-are-preferentially-lost-in-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-in-mouse
#9
Sreoshi Chatterjee, Nitin Bhardwaj, Rajiv K Saxena
Repeated weekly injections of rat erythrocytes produced autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) in C57BL/6 mice after 5-6 weeks. Using the double in vivo biotinylation (DIB) technique, recently developed in our laboratory, turnover of erythrocyte cohorts of different age groups during AIHA was monitored. Results indicate a significant decline in the proportion of reticulocytes, young and intermediate age groups of erythrocytes, but a significant increase in the proportion of old erythrocytes in blood circulation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758818/immunophenotypic-analysis-of-erythroid-dysplasia-in-myelodysplastic-syndromes-a-report-from-the-imdsflow-working-group
#10
Theresia M Westers, Eline M P Cremers, Uta Oelschlaegel, Ulrika Johansson, Peter Bettelheim, Sergio Matarraz, Alberto Orfao, Bijan Moshaver, Lisa Eidenschink Brodersen, Michael R Loken, Denise A Wells, Dolores Subira', Matthew Cullen, Jeroen G Te Marvelde, Vincent H J Van der Velden, Frank W M B Preijers, Sung-Chao Chu, Jean Feuillard, Estelle Guérin, Katherina Psarra, Anna Porwit, Leonie Saft, Robin Ireland, Timothy Milne, Marie C Béné, Birgit I Witte, Matteo G Della Porta, Wolfgang Kern, Arjan A van de Loosdrecht
Current recommendations for diagnosing myelodysplastic syndromes endorse flow cytometry as an informative tool. Most flow cytometry protocols focus on the analysis of progenitor cells and the evaluation of the maturing myelomonocytic lineage. However, one of the most frequently observed features of myelodysplastic syndromes is anemia, which may be associated with dyserythropoiesis. Therefore, analysis of changes in flow cytometry features of nucleated erythroid cells may complement current flow cytometry tools...
October 6, 2016: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736268/iron-chelation-an-adjuvant-therapy-to-target-metabolism-growth-and-survival-of-murine-pten-deficient-t-lymphoma-and-human-t-lymphoblastic-leukemia-lymphoma
#11
Joy Benadiba, Celia Rosilio, Marielle Nebout, Vera Heimeroth, Zouhour Neffati, Alexandra Popa, Didier Mary, Emmanuel Griessinger, Véronique Imbert, Nicolas Sirvent, Jean-François Peyron
Iron is an essential nutrient, acting as a catalyst for metabolic reactions that are fundamental to cell survival and proliferation. Iron complexed to transferrin is delivered to the metabolism after endocytosis via the CD71 surface receptor. We found that transformed cells from a murine PTEN-deficient T-cell lymphoma model and from T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL/T-LL) cell lines overexpress CD71. As a consequence, the cells developed an addiction toward iron whose chelation by deferoxamine (DFO) dramatically affected their survival to induce apoptosis...
October 13, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733786/identification-and-characterization-of-pig-adipose-derived-progenitor-cells
#12
Shuang Zhang, Chunyu Bai, Dong Zheng, Yuhua Gao, Yanan Fan, Lu Li, Weijun Guan, Yuehui Ma
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent, and can be differentiated into many cell types in vitro. In this study, tissues from pigs were chosen to identify and characterize ADSCs. Primary ADSCs were sub-cultured to passage 28. The surface markers of ADSCs: CD29, CD71, CD73, CD90, and CD166 were detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assays and the markers CD29, CD44, CD105, and vimentin were detected by immunofluorescence. Growth curves and the capacity of clone-forming were performed to test the proliferation of ADSCs...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725143/analysis-of-hematopathology-and-alteration-of-jak1-stat3-stat5-signaling-axis-in-experimental-myelodysplastic-syndrome
#13
Suchismita Daw, Ritam Chatterjee, Aditya Law, Sujata Law
Hematological disorders like myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) may arise due to cumulative dysregulation of various signalling pathways controlling proliferation, differentiation, maturation and apoptosis of bone marrow cells. This devastating bone marrow condition can be due to consequential abnormalities in haematopoiesis as well as its supportive microenvironment. Although mutations related to JAK/STAT pathway are common in myeloproliferative neoplasms, further studies are required to fully explore the myelodysplastic scenario regarding the concerned pathway...
December 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637482/monitoring-genotoxicity-in-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-for-cancer-application-of-the-pig-a-assay
#14
Katsuyoshi Horibata, Akiko Ukai, Shigeo Ishikawa, Ayako Sugano, Masamitsu Honma
The recently introduced Pig-a in vivo gene mutation assay measures endogeneous mutations of Pig-a (human, PIG-A), an X-linked gene that is conserved across species from rodents to humans. Flow cytometric analysis enables the enumeration of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor-deficient erythrocytes, resulting from a mutation in Pig-a/PIG-A, in only a few microliters of peripheral blood. Pig-a/PIG-A mutations appear to function in a neutral manner, allowing evaluation of the accumulated genotoxic effects of repeated exposures...
September 15, 2016: Mutation Research. Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625200/umbilical-cord-cd71-erythroid-cells-are-reduced-in-neonates-born-to-women-in-spontaneous-preterm-labor
#15
Nardhy Gomez-Lopez, Roberto Romero, Yi Xu, Derek Miller, Ronald Unkel, Tippi C MacKenzie, Michela Frascoli, Sonia S Hassan
PROBLEM: Preterm neonates are highly susceptible to infection. Neonatal host defense against infection seems to be maintained by the temporal presence of immunosuppressive CD71+ erythroid cells. The aim of this study was to investigate whether umbilical cord CD71+ erythroid cells are reduced in neonates born to women who undergo spontaneous preterm labor/birth. METHOD OF STUDY: Umbilical cord blood samples (n=155) were collected from neonates born to women who delivered preterm with (n=39) and without (n=12) spontaneous labor or at term with (n=82) and without (n=22) spontaneous labor...
October 2016: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596706/role-of-regulatory-b-cells-in-immune-tolerance-to-allergens-and-beyond
#16
REVIEW
Willem van de Veen, Barbara Stanic, Oliver F Wirz, Kirstin Jansen, Anna Globinska, Mübeccel Akdis
Immune tolerance to both self-antigens and innocuous non-self-antigens is essential to protect the host against chronic inflammatory diseases and tissue damage. A wide range of cell types and suppressive molecules are involved in induction and maintenance of tolerance. In addition to their key function in the production of immunoglobulins, B cells can regulate immune responses through their surface molecules and secretion of cytokines. Regulatory B (Breg) cells are characterized by their immunosuppressive capacity, which is often mediated through IL-10 secretion...
September 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587253/-influence-of-hif-2%C3%AE-on-the-expression-of-gata-1-in-bone-marrow-cd71-cell-of-high-altitude-polycythemia-rat-model
#17
F Liu, W Wei, J Ding, Y Chen, T T Feng, L H Ji, J Y Shi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of hypoxia-inducible factor-2 αlpha (HIF-2α) on the expression of erythroid-specific transcription factor GATA-1 in bone marrow CD71(+) cells of rat model with high altitude polycythemia (HAPC). METHODS: A total of 48 male SD rats were selected and randomly divided into normal control group and HAPC group. HAPC model was established at an altitude of 4 300 meters in the natural environment and verified by bone marrow cell classification and counting, hematologic parameters and serum EPO detection...
August 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579045/characterization-and-expression-of-senescence-marker-in-prolonged-passages-of-rat-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#18
Noridzzaida Ridzuan, Akram Al Abbar, Wai Kien Yip, Maryam Maqbool, Rajesh Ramasamy
The present study is aimed at optimizing the in vitro culture protocol for generation of rat bone marrow- (BM-) derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and characterizing the culture-mediated cellular senescence. The initial phase of generation and characterization was conducted using the adherent cells from Sprague Dawley (SD) rat's BM via morphological analysis, growth kinetics, colony forming unit capacity, immunophenotyping, and mesodermal lineage differentiation. Mesenchymal stem cells were successfully generated and characterized as delineated by the expressions of CD90...
2016: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577202/-analysis-of-hematological-phenotype-and-genotype-of-23-patients-from-guangdong-with-co-inherited-hemoglobin-hb-westmead-and-%C3%AE-thalassemia
#19
Miansheng Yan, Xin Gan, Min Liu, Bin Huang, Liangying Zhong
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the genotype-phenotype correlation among carriers from Guangdong with co-inherited hemoglobin Hb Westmead (HbWS) and β-thalassemia. METHODS: Twenty three patients (including 9 males and 14 females, aged 1-53 year old) were diagnosed by hematological analysis and genetic testing. Complete blood cell count and hemoglobin electrophoresis analysis were performed on a XE4000i automatic hemocyte analyzer. Hb, HbF and HbA2 were tested by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
October 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569462/-influence-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-on-geno-and-immunotoxic-alterations-of-peripheric-blood-lymphocytes-of-oil-refinery-workers
#20
Anna Tompa, Anna Biró, Péter Balázs, Mátyás Jakab
INTRODUCTION: More than half of the Hungarian population is overweight or obese, therefore, non-alcoholic fatty liver is a common problem. According to clinical experience, 20-30% of fatty liver cases is not related to alcohol, but can be linked to diabetes, obesity or metabolic syndrome. AIM: The authors studied the correlation between genotoxicity, immuntoxicity and non-alcoholic fatty liver among oil refinery workers. METHOD: During this genotoxicological monitoring study the data of 107 exposed were compared to 67 controls...
August 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
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