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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328023/identification-of-microorganisms-in-biofluids-of-individuals-with-periodontitis-and-chronic-kidney-disease-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#1
Levy Anderson César Alves, Rafael Celestino Souza, Taciana Mara Couto da Silva, Andreia Watanabe, Meriellen Dias, Maria Anita Mendes, Ana Lídia Ciamponi
RATIONALE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and periodontitis (PD) are important health issues. There is a large variety of microorganisms related to the pathogenesis of periodontitis, and optimising the time and the cost of laboratory assays to detect these organisms is highly valuable in the medical field. METHODS: Bacteria were isolated from saliva and oral biofilm of 30 adolescents and young adults with definite medical and dental diagnosis of CKD and PD, respectively, and proteins were extracted for microorganism identification by means of the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS) technique...
May 30, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303564/attitude-of-dental-hygienists-general-practitioners-and-periodontists-towards-preventive-oral-care-an-exploratory-study
#2
Eric Thevissen, Hugo De Bruyn, Roos Colman, Sebastiaan Koole
INTRODUCTION: Promoting oral hygiene and stimulating patient's responsibility for his/her personal health remain challenging objectives. The presence of dental hygienists has led to delegation of preventive tasks. However, in some countries, such as Belgium, this profession is not yet legalized. The aim of this exploratory study was to compare the attitude towards oral-hygiene instructions and patient motivational actions by dental hygienists and by general practitioners/periodontists in a context without dental hygienists...
March 17, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298978/can-galvanic-skin-conductance-be-used-as-an-objective-indicator-of-children-s-anxiety-in-the-dental-setting
#3
Ebrahim Najafpour, Naser Asl-Aminabadi, Sara Nuroloyuni, Zahra Jamali, Sajjad Shirazi
BACKGROUND: Assessment of procedural distress is essential at assisting children during invasive dental treatments. This study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of galvanic skin response as a measure for assessment of dental anxiety in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 151 children, aged 5-7 years, participated in this study. Similar dental treatments were rendered to all subjects. At the beginning and end of the session, modified child dental anxiety scale (MCDAS), clinical anxiety rating scale (CARS) and galvanic skin response (GSR) were used to determine children's anxiety...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297089/cone-beam-computed-tomographic-imaging-in-orthodontics
#4
W C Scarfe, B Azevedo, S Toghyani, A G Farman
Over the last 15 years, cone beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging has emerged as an important supplemental radiographic technique for orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning, especially in situations which require an understanding of the complex anatomic relationships and surrounding structures of the maxillofacial skeleton. CBCT imaging provides unique features and advantages to enhance orthodontic practice over conventional extraoral radiographic imaging. While it is the responsibility of each practitioner to make a decision, in tandem with the patient/family, consensus-derived, evidence-based clinical guidelines are available to assist the clinician in the decision-making process...
March 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295831/factors-influencing-resident-choice-of-prosthodontic-residency-program
#5
Pandora Keala Lee Wojnarwsky, Yan Wang, Kumar Shah, Sreenivas Koka
PURPOSE: The decision by prosthodontic residency program directors to employ the Match process highlights the need to understand applicant priorities that influence their choice of which programs to rank highly. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors that were most important to residents when choosing from among nonmilitary based prosthodontics dental residency programs in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following completion of a pilot study, all currently enrolled prosthodontic residents at nonmilitary residency programs were invited to participate via the internet...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294209/tooth-supported-surgical-guides-for-guided-placement-of-%C3%A2-single-tooth-implants
#6
Andreas Kurbad
Computer-assisted technologies open up new possibilities for significantly improving the planning and realization of implant-supported dental restorations. Three-dimensional (3D) data acquired with an intraoral sensor can be merged with comparable data acquired by various radiographic imaging techniques. Implant planning with this type of support can generate data for the manufacture of surgical guides for dental implants. The guides can then be fabricated either by a third-party provider or by the implantologist directly, by using time- and cost-saving in-office systems...
2017: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291525/gradual-weaning-and-oral-care-management-of-prolonged-breast-feeding%C3%A2-based-on-family-preferences
#7
Purnima Hernandez, April N Kisamore
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: There are no guidelines about when breast-feeding (BF) should be discontinued. In addition, investigators have not examined patient-provider communication regarding weaning strategies based on function and oral care management during prolonged BF. CASE DESCRIPTION: Suggestions to wean do not include strategies about how to achieve discontinuance. The authors conducted this case study to assist care providers in facilitation of such discussions with parents to minimize the risk of developing dental caries in older children who are breast-fed...
March 10, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286393/versatility-of-fibula-free-flap-in-reconstruction-of-facial-defects-a-center-study
#8
Sunil S Shroff, Sanjiv C Nair, Anjan Shah, Balasubramanya Kumar
PURPOSE: To study a series of cases where vascularised fibula flap was used in various combinations of bone with muscle and skin along with its modifications for reconstruction of simple and composite defects of the facial region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The investigators designed a retrospective study composed of patients with any pathology or defect who underwent reconstruction of maxilla or mandible with vascularised fibula free flap from 2009 to 2013. All patients were evaluated for age, gender, location and type of defect, incorporation of adjoining skin paddle and muscle, number of fibula osteotomies, ischaemia time, anticoagulant regimen, length of hospital stay, flap failure rate, dental implant rehabilitation...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279603/the-value-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-imaging-in-surgically-assisted-rapid-palatal-expansion-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
I Camps-Perepérez, R Guijarro-Martínez, M A Peiró-Guijarro, F Hernández-Alfaro
This study aimed to evaluate the reliability of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging of the maxillary structures and the postoperative dentoskeletal, nasal airway, periodontal, and facial soft tissue changes after surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE). A systematic review of the literature on CBCT analysis of SARPE was performed. The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched. Nine articles were included, involving a total of 228 patients. The general trend was tooth-borne distraction with pterygomaxillary dysjunction...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276845/an-interprofessional-programme-to-culturally-sensitise-students-to-the-needs-of-patients-and-realities-of-practice-in-rural-areas
#10
Kristin A Schuller, Mary Amundson, Makenzie McPherson, Gwen W Halaas
The University of North Dakota programme, Students/residents Experiences And Rotations in Community Health (SEARCH), was implemented to address recruitment and retention problems and stereotypes associated with practicing in rural areas by providing an opportunity for health profession students to gain experience living and practicing in rural areas and observing interprofessional practice. Each health profession student in the programme (n = 181) from 2001 to 2011 (excluding 2009) kept a four-week journal detailing daily or weekly interactions, general thoughts, and experiences...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267825/clinical-monitoring-of-tooth-wear-progression-in-patients-over-a-period-of-one-year-using-cad-cam
#11
Khaled E Ahmed, John Whitters, Xiangyang Ju, S Gareth Pierce, Charles N MacLeod, Colin A Murray
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clinically monitor the progression of tooth wear over a period of 1 year in a cohort of referred tooth wear patients through the use of a computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) scanner and a standardized scanning/assessment methodology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polyether impressions were made of 11 participants (130 teeth) at baseline and at 1 year. Impressions were poured in type IV dental stone and the anterior teeth were 3D scanned...
March 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267817/evaluation-of-currently-available-cad-cam-denture-systems
#12
Patricia-Anca Steinmassl, Florian Klaunzer, Otto Steinmassl, Herbert Dumfahrt, Ingrid Grunert
PURPOSE: The introduction of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) technology into removable denture prosthodontics enables denture adaptation in fewer patient visits, an advantage that appeals to dentists and patients. Since manufacturers follow very different approaches, an evaluation of the different clinical CAD/CAM complete denture fabrication protocols is desirable. The aim of this article is to assess and evaluate the different clinical fabrication protocols of currently available CAD/CAM denture systems to provide decision support for dental practitioners...
March 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267816/the-effect-of-a-cad-cam-guided-template-on-formation-of-the-screw-access-channel-for-fixed-prostheses-supported-by-lingually-placed-implants
#13
Du-Hyeong Lee, Lin-Jie Li, Hang Nga Mai, Kyung-Rok Kim, Keun-Woo Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) guide on drilling the screw-access channel for lingually placed implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Screw-channel drilling guides were fabricated on lingually placed implant models using CAD/CAM technology. The screw channels were prepared with guided or freehand drilling by 20 dental graduates. The accuracy of each screw channel was assessed for drilling entry point, channel volume, and angulation (α = ...
March 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259309/clinician-attitudes-skills-motivations-and-experience-following-the-implementation-of-clinical-decision-support-tools-in-a-large-dental-practice
#14
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Joel White
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses dental clinicians' pre- and post-implementation attitudes, skills, and experiences with three clinical decision support (CDS) tools built into the electronic health record (EHR) of a multi-specialty group dental practice. METHODS: Electronic surveys designed to examine factors for acceptance of EHR-based CDS tools including caries management by risk assessment (CAMBRA), periodontal disease management by risk assessment (PEMBRA) and a risk assessment-based Proactive Dental Care Plan (PDCP) were distributed to all Willamette Dental Group employees at 2 time points; 3 months pre-implementation (Fall 2013) and 15 months after implementation (winter 2015)...
March 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258272/treatment-of-extrusive-luxation-in-permanent-teeth-literature-review-with-systematic-criteria
#15
Marina F Amaral, Melyna M de Almeida, Lorraine P de Faria, Daniela A Brandini, Wilson R Poi, Roberta Okamoto
INTRODUCTION: Extrusive luxation is a traumatic dental injury caused by the action of oblique forces, characterized by partial displacement of the tooth out of its socket. The ideal treatment for this type of trauma involves repositioning the tooth in its socket. However, in cases where the tooth cannot be repositioned, different options may be considered, such as intentional reattachment and orthodontic intrusion. The aim is to review the literature on the extrusive luxation of permanent teeth while assessing the risks of complications for two methods of delayed treatment for extrusive luxation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254101/electroacupuncture-assisted-craniotomy-on-an-awake-patient
#16
Amritpal Sidhu, Trushna Murgahayah, Vairavan Narayanan, Hari Chandran, Vicknes Waran
Although acupuncture has existed for over 2000 years, its application as an anesthetic aid began in the 1950s in China. The first surgical procedure performed under acupuncture anesthesia was a tonsillectomy. Soon thereafter, major and minor surgical procedures took place with electroacupuncture alone providing the anesthesia. The procedures performed were diverse, ranging from cardiothoracic surgery to dental extractions. Usage of acupuncture anesthesia, specifically in neurosurgery, has been well documented in hospitals across China, especially in Beijing, dating back to the 1970s...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250042/clinical-performance-measures-and-quality-improvement-system-considerations-for-dental-education
#17
Joseph W Parkinson, Gregory G Zeller
Quality improvement and quality assurance programs are an integral part of providing excellence in health care delivery. The Dental Quality Alliance and the Commission on Dental Accreditation recognize this and have created standards and recommendations to advise health care providers and health care delivery systems, including dental schools, on measuring the quality of the care delivered to patients. Overall health care expenditures have increased, and the Affordable Care Act has made health care, including dentistry, available to more people in the United States...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236412/annual-review-of-selected-scientific-literature-report-of-the-committee-on-scientific-investigation-of-the-american-academy-of-restorative-dentistry
#18
REVIEW
Terence E Donovan, Riccardo Marzola, Kevin R Murphy, David R Cagna, Frederick Eichmiller, James R McKee, James E Metz, Jean-Pierre Albouy
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: It is clear the contemporary dentist is confronted with a blizzard of information regarding materials and techniques from journal articles, advertisements, newsletters, the internet, and continuing education events. While some of that information is sound and helpful, much of it is misleading at best. PURPOSE: This review identifies and discusses the most important scientific findings regarding outcomes of dental treatment to assist the practitioner in making evidence-based choices...
November 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213910/the-virtual-dental-home-a-critique
#19
Jay W Friedman, David A Nash, Kavita R Mathu-Muju
The Virtual Dental Home is a concept of the Pacific Center for Special Care of the Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco. It is designed to improve access to dental care for underserved populations, specifically children and institutionalized adults. This article describes the development and implementation of the Virtual Dental Home, subsequently critiquing the concept. The criteria for a dental home are not met by the program. It is the equivalent of a traditional public oral health prevention and screening program, with the additional dimension of allowing dental hygienists and assistants to place interim glass ionomer restorations in dental cavities...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#20
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
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