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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051123/knowledge-behavior-and-attitudes-of-dental-practitioners-towards-photodynamic-therapy-use-in-dental-practice
#1
Fahim Vohra, Ishfaq A Bukhari, Saeed A Sheikh, Refal Albaijan, Abdul Hakeem Qureshi, Zaeem Arif, Zohaib Akram
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess knowledge, behavior and attitudes of dental practitioners (DPs) towards photodynamic therapy (PDT) in dental clinical practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed and a 13-item survey questionnaire was given to DPs practicing in 13 different teaching hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. Questions were aimed at exploring the knowledge of DPs regarding PDT and their attitude towards PDT and perceptions that may influence clinical practices...
October 16, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044894/immediate-implant-placement-and-provisionalization-following-tumor-resective-surgery-in-the-midfacial-region-a-case-series
#2
Nelson Fernandes, Jacobus van den Heever, Leanne Sykes
Surgical and prosthodontic restoration of the midfacial region following tumor resection has always posed a considerable challenge, as this area serves crucial functional and esthetic roles. Being diagnosed and subsequently treated for facial tumors can have an immense psychosocial impact on a patient, as the resulting defects are often disfiguring, and lead to an inability to masticate, swallow, and speak clearly. Provision of an immediate facial and dental prosthesis at the time of surgery can limit these side effects and help reduce mental duress on these patients and their families, as well as aid in the process of rehabilitation...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033526/complexity-of-comprehensive-care-treatments-in-undergraduate-dental-programs-the-benefits-of-observing-and-assisting-experienced-faculty-members
#3
Moataz Elgezawi, Khalid Hassan, Adel Alagl, Ahmad M Al-Thobity, Basel Al-Mutairi, Thamir Al-Houtan, Shazia Sadaf
OBJECTIVE: To improve the confidence of the final year dental students in completing occlusal and oral rehabilitation of patients, with complexities beyond their scope, based on full analysis of the biomechanical and esthetic considerations of each case. MATERIAL & METHODS: Two comprehensive patient situations presenting with special difficulties including extensive, reduced vertical dimension of occlusion, limited interocclusal space and maxillary alveolar bone for implant insertion necessitating bone augmentation and a sinus lift surgery was managed by two students at our institute...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030276/dental-occlusal-surface-supported-titanium-guide-to-assist-cutting-and-drilling-in-mandibular-bilateral-sagittal-split-osteotomy
#4
Charles Savoldelli, Clair Vandersteen, Olivier Dassonville, Joseph Santini
INTRODUCTION: Cutting and drilling guides manufactured using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technologies have attracted increasing interest in orthognathic surgery, particularly in complex cases. The development of these guides requires virtual surgery planning and three-dimensional modelling before they can be printed in titanium, polyamide, or resin. We report the use of a personalized titanium device to assist bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) with or without genioplasty combined with individual implants for repositioning and fixation...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029969/cross-year-peer-assisted-learning-using-the-inverted-flipped-classroom-design-a-pilot-study-in-dentistry
#5
Maximilian Quoß, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szep
BACKGROUND: The inverted classroom model (ICM) represents a special combination of online and attendance learning. The implementation of the didactic concept of "peer-assisted learning" (PAL) within an ICM design has not yet been described in the literature for the field of restorative dentistry. OBJECTIVE: It was the goal of the present study to develop an ICM offering in a cross-year PAL format (ICM-cyPAL), and then introduce and evaluate it. METHOD: The pilot project was conducted at the dental clinic at the Goethe University of Frankfurt/Main, where following its conceptual development and implementation with three consecutive cohorts of students in their first clinical semester (the sixth semester at university) the ICM-cyPAL offering was evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989490/compliance-with-infection-control-standard-precautions-guidelines-a-survey-among-dental-healthcare-workers-in-hail-region-saudi-arabia
#6
Hassan Kasim Haridi, Abdalmohsen Saud Al-Ammar, Moazzy Ibraheim Al-Mansour
BACKGROUND: The concept of standard precautions (SP) has been a cornerstone of dental infection control (IC) practice. Full adherence with SP guidelines is still a matter of concern in many institutions. The objectives of the present study were to assess and characterise compliance with SP guidelines among dental healthcare workers (DHCWs) and to analyse factors that affect compliance. METHODS: A regional cross-sectional questionnaire survey among DHCWs in all health facilities was carried out from August to November 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986205/-conception-and-implementation-of-a-novel-e-learning-module-with-ebm-learning-contents-in-operative-dentistry
#7
Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Stefanie Dreher, Stefan Rüttermann, Tobias Weberschock
PURPOSE: Computer-assisted learning (CAL) programs are becoming more widely used in medical and dental training. However, the combination of CAL programs and evidence-based education in dentistry has not been described previously. The aim was to determine the acceptance and user-friendliness of a CAL program combined with evidence-based training. METHODS: The didactic concept of the module includes the case-oriented, problem-based embedding of a total of 32 EbM learning assignments, which can be completed interactively and self-determinedly in an interdisciplinary context using focus patients with different diseases...
October 3, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972385/emerging-models-of-dental-practice-aim-at-addressing-needs-of-the-aged
#8
Frank Catalanotto, Jane Koppelman, Judith Haber
Currently, about 46 million seniors, citizens over the age of 65, live in the United States. That number is expected to roughly double to more than 98 million by 2060, an increase from the current 15% of the population to 24%. Seniors are living longer and, due to advances in dental care and access to fluoridated water, keeping more of their teeth. As a result, many will be seeking to access services through a dental care delivery system that is already struggling to meet existing need. This article will describe emerging oral health workforce models, as well as interprofessional team approaches, that may help improve access to the growing population of senior citizens...
October 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969293/expander-eye-prosthesis-assisting-ocular-rehabilitation-in-child-with-eye-loss
#9
Daniela Micheline Dos Santos, Agda Marobo Andreotti, Bruno Garib Iyda, Stefan Fiuza De Carvalho Dekon, Marcelo Coelho Goiato
This clinical report describes the ocular rehabilitation of a child, initially using an acrylic expander and subsequently the conventional prosthesis. A two-month-old anophthalmic female patient was referred to Araçatuba Dental School, for rehabilitation with ocular prosthesis. The treatment chosen was the manufacturing of expander prostheses changed periodically until the socket reached an adequate size, so that a definitive ocular prosthesis could be installed. The acrylic expander remained in patient's anophthalmic socket for 60 days in order to restore its volume...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967402/a-hemispherical-contact-model-for-simplifying-3d-occlusal-surfaces
#10
Miguel Castro-Garcia, Pedro Ángel Moreno-Cabello, Miguel Ángel Rubio-Paramio, Pilar Carranza-Cañadas, Geoffrey A Thompson
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Currently, dental articulators can recreate mandibular movements and occlusal contacts. However, whether virtual articulators can also provide information about occluding dental surfaces, functional movements, and the mandibular condyles is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the occluding surfaces on dental casts obtained from a patient and approximate them to a hemispherical contact model. Both models were tested by digitizing the Dentatus ARL dental articulator...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966188/dental-students-perceptions-of-digital-and-conventional-impression-techniques-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nicola U Zitzmann, Irina Kovaltschuk, Patrik Lenherr, Philipp Dedem, Tim Joda
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to analyze inexperienced dental students' perceptions of the difficulty and applicability of digital and conventional implant impressions and their preferences including performance. Fifty undergraduate dental students at a dental school in Switzerland were randomly divided into two groups (2×25). Group A first took digital impressions in a standardized phantom model and then conventional impressions, while the procedures were reversed for Group B. Participants were asked to complete a VAS questionnaire (0-100) on the level of difficulty and applicability (user/patient-friendliness) of both techniques...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966183/ergonomics-calibration-training-utilizing-photography-for-dental-hygiene-faculty-members
#12
Brian B Partido
Dental and dental hygiene clinical faculty members often do not provide consistent instruction, especially since most procedures involve clinical judgment. Although instructional variations frequently translate into variations in student performance, the effect of inconsistent instruction is unknown, especially related to ergonomics. The aim of this study was to determine whether photography-assisted calibration training would improve interrater reliability among dental hygiene faculty members in ergonomics evaluation...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963314/a-national-survey-exploring-oral-healthcare-service-provision-across-australian-community-pharmacies
#13
Christopher R Freeman, Nabilah Abdullah, Pauline J Ford, Meng-Wong Taing
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated pharmacists' and pharmacy assistants' current practices and perspectives with regard to oral healthcare provision across Australian community pharmacies. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. A questionnaire for each pharmacist and pharmacy assistant cohort was developed and administered by online or postal means. Pearson's χ(2) test was used to examine relationships between categorical variables. PARTICIPANTS: Pharmacists and pharmacy assistants working within 2100 randomly selected Australian community pharmacies...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959758/a-one-year-evaluation-of-a-free-fissure-sealant-program
#14
Bakhtiar M, Azadi N, Golkari A
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Pit and fissure sealant therapy has been approved as an effective measure in the prevention of occlusal dental caries. Resin based materials are the most common materials used worldwide. A variety of resin based fissure sealants are produced and used. Most of them have been presented with ideal results in research environment. However, their effectiveness in the real life, especially in a mass application program such as Iran's oral health reform plan is not clear...
December 2016: J Dent Biomater
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947446/association-between-socio-economic-status-and-dental-caries-in-elderly-people-in-sichuan-province-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Linyan Wang, Li Cheng, Bo Yuan, Xiao Hong, Tao Hu
OBJECTIVES: As a vulnerable group, the elders' oral health gained less attention, particularly the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and dental caries. This study aimed to assess the associations and to explore the effects of confounders on the associations in elderly people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: 3 neighbourhood committees and 3 village committees in Sichuan Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 744 people (362 men and 382 women) aged 65-74 years were included...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944292/early-head-start-pediatric-dental-use-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#16
J M Burgette, J S Preisser, M Weinberger, R S King, R G Rozier
The objective of the study was to examine the mediating effect of child dental use on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). In total, 479 parents of children enrolled in EHS and 699 parents of Medicaid-matched children were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 mo old and 24 mo later. In this quasi-experimental study, mediation analysis was performed using the counterfactual framework analysis, which employed 2 logit models with random effects: 1) for the mediator as a function of the treatment and covariates and 2) for the outcome as a function of the treatment, mediator, and covariates...
October 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939190/effects-of-pterygomaxillary-separation-on-skeletal-and-dental-changes-after-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion-a-single-center-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Marcelo Ferraro-Bezerra, Rodrygo Nunes Tavares, José Rômulo de Medeiros, Alexandre Simões Nogueira, Rafael Linard Avelar, Eduardo Costa Studart Soares
PURPOSE: Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) is a procedure routinely performed to correct transverse maxillary deformities and can be performed with or without pterygomaxillary disjunction (PD). The aim of the present study was to measure the effect of the amount of expansion and stability of SARME with or without PD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We designed and implemented a double-blind, randomized clinical trial. The patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups: group 1, SARME without PD; and group 2, SARME with PD...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935486/the-effects-of-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion-sarme-on-the-dental-show-and-chin-projection
#18
Tong Xi, Magdalena Laskowska, Neeltje van de Voort, Hossein Ghaeminia, Wojciech Pawlak, Stefaan Bergé, Thomas Maal
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the postoperative changes of the dental show and chin projection following SARME using 3D CBCT imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 78 patients with transversal maxillary hypoplasia and mandibular hypoplasia who underwent SARME were enrolled into the study. A cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan was acquired preoperatively and at least 1 year postoperatively. 3D postoperative changes in the dental show and pogonion position were measured based on soft tissue and hard tissue landmarks...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933801/morphometric-study-of-lingual-foramina-in-macerated-mandibles-to-assist-in-implant-placement-in-the-anterior-mandibular-region
#19
N F Deana, P Navarro, N Alves
The object of our study was to contribute to anatomical knowledge of this region with data on the prevalence, number and location of lingual foramina (LF) in dentate and edentate macerated mandibles from Brazilian individuals, differentiating them by sex and race. In this way we hope to help dental surgeons with their planning prior to implant placement in the anterior mandibular region. 103 macerated mandibles were analysed. The prevalence, number and location of LF were analysed in the median (MLF) and lateral (LLF) regions and the median (AMLF) and lateral (ALLF) alveolar process regions...
September 21, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925508/the-cost-effectiveness-of-oral-health-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-cost-utility-analyses
#20
Ruvini M Hettiarachchi, Sanjeewa Kularatna, Martin J Downes, Joshua Byrnes, Jeroen Kroon, Ratilal Lalloo, Newell W Johnson, Paul A Scuffham
OBJECTIVES: To assess the usage of cost-utility analysis (CUA) in oral health interventions and to evaluate the methods used and the reporting quality of CUA in publications on oral health interventions. METHODS: A systematic review was performed on literature published between 2000 and 2016 where cost-utility analyses of oral health interventions were included. The reporting quality of these oral health CUAs was assessed against the Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) checklist...
September 19, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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