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Dental assisting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531377/following-surgically-assisted-rapid-palatal-expansion-do-tooth-borne-or-bone-borne-appliances-provide-more-skeletal-expansion-and-dental-expansion
#1
Adrien Hamedi-Sangsari, Zahra Chinipardaz, Lee Carrasco
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare outcome measurements of skeletal and dental expansion with bone-borne (BB) versus tooth-borne (TB) appliances after surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE). This study was performed to provide quantitative measurements that will help the oral surgeon and orthodontist in selecting the appliance with, on average, the greatest amount of skeletal expansion and the least amount of dental expansion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized database search was performed using PubMed, EBSCO, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar on publications in reputable oral surgery and orthodontic journals...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512486/students-knowledge-comprehension-after-implementation-of-live-conventional-demonstration-video-teaching-and-video-assisted-instruction-methods-in-endodontic-practice
#2
Nahid Mohammadzadeh Akhlaghi, Zohreh Khalilak, Mehdi Vatanpour, Amirabbas Moshari, Saman Ghaffari, Mohammad Sadegh Namazikhah
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted clinical instruction (VACID) has been found to be a beneficial teaching tool for various fields in dentistry. The aim of this interventional study was to compare the efficacy of live conventional demonstration (CD), video teaching, and VACID (video with explanation) methods in teaching of root canal treatment to undergraduate dental students. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-two undergraduate senior dental students participated in this study...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495343/multimedia-patient-education-to-assist-oral-impression-taking-during-dental-treatment-a-pilot-study
#3
Dandan Pei, Beilei Liang, Wenzhi Du, Peng Wang, Jie Liu, Min He, Yi Lu
INTRODUCTION: Proper cooperation between patient and dentist is of great help to make a good oral impression. However, patients are frequently confused when information is given through traditional verbal description. The present study compared the effectiveness of the multimedia information delivery ways with the traditional verbal manner on patients' understanding level in oral impression taking. METHODS: The recruited 191 participating patients were randomly assigned to the control group (the verbal group) and two intervention groups (the video group and the picture group) according to the information delivery manner...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494041/innovative-single-tooth-replacement-with-an-individual-root-analog-hybrid-implant-in-the-esthetic-zone-case-report
#4
Reza Saeidi Pour, Peter Randelzhofer, Daniel Edelhoff, Otto Prandtner, Caroline Freitas Rafael, Anja Liebermann
The goal of this study was to explore an innovative approach to single-tooth replacement using an individually custom-fabricated, root-analog, hybrid dental implant, in the esthetic zone, to avoid the microgap and micromovements between the implant and abutment. Moreover, the use of burs to prepare the implant recipient site is not necessary in this technique, reducing the bone removal, heating, and trauma. The process requires capturing accurate root geometry through combined computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and a three-dimensional (3D) visualization (digital volume tomography [DVT]) of the tooth in situ, which might result in reduced remodeling after insertion...
May 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475738/appetite-for-health-related-food-taxes-new-zealand-stakeholder-views
#5
Louise N Signal, Carolyn Watts, Celia Murphy, Helen Eyles, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
There is increasing discussion globally of the value of health-related food taxes and subsidies to address obesity and noncommunicable diseases. In order for such policies to be successful it is important to understand the positions of key stakeholders. This research investigated New Zealand (NZ) stakeholders' views on the feasibility and acceptability of selected health-related food taxes and subsidies over the next 5 to 10 years. Twenty semi-structured interviews were undertaken by telephone from November 2014 to May 2015...
May 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468164/effects-of-surgical-and-nonsurgical-rapid-maxillary-expansion-on-palatal-structures
#6
Gökmen Kurt, Ayşe Tuba Altuğ, Gökhan Türker, Banu Kiliç, Erdem Kiliç, Alper Alkan
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of surgical and nonsurgical rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in skeletally mature patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) was used in 18 patients (2 males, 16 females) with a mean age of 19.90 years. Two nonsurgical RME groups were constructed to compare the expansion changes of SARME. Eighteen patients in maximum pubertal peak (12 males, 6 females) with a mean age of 13...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463685/reconstruction-of-maxillary-and-orbital-floor-defect-with-free-fibula-flap-and-whole-individualized-titanium-mesh-assisted-by-computer-techniques
#7
Kun Fu, Yiming Liu, Ning Gao, Jinghua Cai, Wei He, Weiliu Qiu
PURPOSE: We sought to investigate the clinical application of free fibula flap and individualized titanium mesh through the use of a virtual planning and guiding template to assist the reconstruction of maxilla and orbital floor defects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2015 and 2016, a total of 6 adult patients with maxillary and orbital floor defects were enrolled in this study. Preoperative virtual planning, including virtual maxillary resection and fibular reconstruction, was performed in all cases according to 3-dimensional radiographic and clinical findings...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462406/effectiveness-of-radio-waves-application-in-modern-general-dental-procedures-an-update
#8
Arslan Qureshi, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Michael A Pikos, Fawad Javed, Georgios E Romanos
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to review indexed literature and provide an update on the effectiveness of high-frequency radio waves (HRW) application in modern general dentistry procedures. DATA SOURCES: Indexed databases were searched to identify articles that assessed the efficacy of radio waves in dental procedures. RESULTS: Radiosurgery is a refined form of electrosurgery that uses waves of electrons at a radiofrequency ranging between 2 and 4 MHz...
April 28, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461637/dental-students-perceptions-of-digital-assessment-software-for-preclinical-tooth-preparation-exercises
#9
Carly F Park, Justin M Sheinbaum, Yasushi Tamada, Raina Chandiramani, Lisa Lian, Cliff Lee, John Da Silva, Shigemi Ishikawa-Nagai
Objective self-assessment is essential to learning and continued competence in dentistry. A computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) learning software (prepCheck, Sirona) allows students to objectively assess their performance in preclinical prosthodontics. The aim of this study was to evaluate students' perceptions of CAD/CAM learning software for preclinical prosthodontics exercises. In 2014, all third-year dental students at Harvard School of Dental Medicine (n=36) were individually instructed by a trained faculty member in using prepCheck...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453886/remote-diagnosis-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-using-digital-photographs-captured-via-a-mobile-phone
#10
Rogério de Almeida Geraldino, Liliana Vicente Melo de Lucas Rezende, Cibele Queiroz da-Silva, Júlio César Franco Almeida
BACKGROUND: Intra-oral photographs has been aided diagnosis of several pathologies in teledentistry. Mobile phone cameras may produce high quality photographs, presenting itself as a viable tool for remote diagnosis of traumatic dental injuries. Aim To evaluate the levels of inter-examiner agreement in cases of traumatic dental injuries when comparing diagnoses conducted in person and remotely. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 40 patients with 73 traumatized teeth, and a total of 90 diagnoses, who had presented to two dental clinics, one private and the other public, in Brazil's Federal District...
April 28, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449863/attitudes-of-dentists-toward-denture-adhesives-a-questionnaire-survey-in-greece
#11
Gregory Polyzois, Panagiotis Lagouvardos, Ridwaan Omar, Paul Brunton
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The attitudes of dental professionals toward denture adhesives (DAs) require further investigation. PURPOSE: The purpose of this survey was to assess the attitudes of dentists in Greece toward DAs and the possible effects of sex, age, training, and awareness level on these attitudes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An 18-item questionnaire in the Greek language concerning the use of DAs by dentists in the metropolitan area of Athens, Greece was distributed on line...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#12
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#13
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409763/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-jordanian-dental-technicians-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#14
Zeid Al-Hourani, Mohammad Nazzal, Yousef Khader, Khader Almhdawi, Abdel Rahim Bibars
BACKGROUND: Dental technology is a profession that requires precise manual skills and dexterous handling of small tools. There is an abundance research on work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) affecting dentists, dental hygienists and dental assistants, yet very few articles investigated WMSDs among dental technicians. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of WMSDs among Jordanian dental technicians and their associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was conducted...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400062/adm-guidance-ceramics-guidance-to-the-use-of-fractography-in-failure-analysis-of-brittle-materials
#15
Susanne S Scherrer, Ulrich Lohbauer, Alvaro Della Bona, Alessandro Vichi, Michael J Tholey, J Robert Kelly, Richard van Noort, Paulo Francisco Cesar
OBJECTIVES: To provide background information and guidance as to how to use fractography accurately, a powerful tool for failure analysis of dental ceramic structures. METHODS: An extended palette of qualitative and quantitative fractography is provided, both for in vivo and in vitro fracture surface analyses. As visual support, this guidance document will provide micrographs of typical critical ceramic processing flaws, differentiating between pre- versus post sintering cracks, grinding damage related failures and occlusal contact wear origins and of failures due to surface degradation...
April 8, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391076/improvised-vacuum-assisted-closure-for-severe-neck-infection-in-poorly-equipped-conditions
#16
S Adam, H D Sama, C Chossegros, M K Bouassalo, M Y Akpoto, E Kpemissi
INTRODUCTION: Dental infections are common and are mainly due to dental caries. When left untreated, these infections can lead to severe life-threatening sepsis. CASE REPORT: The authors reported a case of a severe odontogenic deep neck space infection in a 54-year-old male. The patient was a heavy smoker with incidentally discovered diabetes. He was successfully treated by surgical drainage combined with an improvised Vacuum-Assisted Closure (VAC) system. The results of surgical drainage followed by insertion of an improvised VAC system were spectacular...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387655/musculoskeletal-symptoms-of-the-neck-and-shoulder-among-dental-practitioners
#17
Božana Radanović, Predrag Vučinić, Tanja Janković, Elvis Mahmutović, Davor Penjašković
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal symptoms of the neck and shoulder represent a condition whose basic characteristic is pain. These conditions are very often present in dental health professionals. The aim of the paper was to determine presence of discomforts in areas of head, neck, shoulders, upper back and upper limbs at health professionals in area of dentistry, as well as discomfort localisation and methods of treatment. METHODS: The research included 45 health professionals (dentists, dental assistants and dental technicians) employed at Dental Clinic of Vojvodina...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383705/an-exploratory-quality-assessment-of-orthodontic-clinical-guidelines-using-the-agree-ii-instrument
#18
Tasneem Tejani, Suhaym Mubeen, Jadbinder Seehra, Martyn T Cobourne
Objectives: Clinical guidelines act as a means of assisting clinicians in improving the quality of healthcare provided. We aim to assess the quality of currently available international orthodontic guidelines. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional systematic assessment of orthodontic clinical guidelines was undertaken. A Medline search using the keywords 'guideline', 'orthodontics', and 'dent', and search of specific dental and orthodontic organization websites for orthodontic-related clinical guidelines...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383618/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-italian-deinstitutionalized-psychiatric-patients
#19
D Corridore, F Guerra, C La Marra, D Di Thiene, L Ottolenghi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to investigate the oral health status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL, measured with OHIP- 14) in psychiatric patients assisted by the unique Italian mental health care system, in accordance to regulatory Law 180/78. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic and medical variables were retrieved from institutional medical records. General health and oral health variables, oral health-related behavior and last dental contact were recorded...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383182/women-in-prosthodontics-a-brief-look-at-pioneers-leaders-and-inspirers
#20
Fatemeh S Afshari, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Cortino Sukotjo
There are several women pioneers in prosthodontics, and each deserves recognition and admiration for all she has achieved in helping bridge the gender gap in dentistry. Women have come a long way from being first depicted as a thieving woman assistant in early 1523 to becoming award-winning, Board-certified clinicians, program directors, department chairs, and deans of dental schools. However, current female resident membership in the American College of Prosthodontists is less than 40%. Women in leadership roles are still scarce, and advancement is still needed...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
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