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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228243/normalized-serum-eosinophil-peroxidase-levels-are-inversely-correlated-with-esophageal-eosinophilia-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#1
B L Wright, S I Ochkur, N S Olson, K P Shim, E A Jacobsen, M A Rank, E S Dellon, J J Lee
Eosinophil peroxidase is an eosinophil-specific, cytoplasmic protein stored in the secondary granules of eosinophils. While eosinophil peroxidase deposition is increased in the esophagus in eosinophilic esophagitis (EOE), its potential role as a peripheral marker is unknown. This study aims to examine the relationship between serum eosinophil peroxidase and esophageal eosinophilia in eosinophilic esophagitis. Prospectively collected serum from 19 subjects with incident EoE prior to treatment and 20 non-EoE controls were tested for serum eosinophil peroxidase, eosinophilic cationic protein, and eosinophil derived neurotoxin using ELISA...
December 8, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206905/control-of-inflammation-decreases-the-need-for-subsequent-esophageal-dilation-in-patients-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#2
T M Runge, S Eluri, J T Woosley, N J Shaheen, E S Dellon
It is unknown if successful control of esophageal inflammation in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) decreases the need for subsequent esophageal dilation. We aimed to determine whether histologic response to topical steroid treatment decreases the likelihood and frequency of subsequent esophageal dilation. We conducted a retrospective cohort study. Patients with an incident diagnosis of EoE were included if they had an initial esophageal dilation, received topical steroids, and had a subsequent endoscopy with biopsies...
July 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176476/safety-and-efficacy-of-reslizumab-for-children-and-adolescents-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis-treated-over-nine-years
#3
Jonathan E Markowitz, Laura Jobe, Michelle Miller, Carrie Frost, Zegilor Laney, Ransome Eke
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic disease characterized by infiltration of eosinophils in the esophageal epithelium. There are limited treatment options for EoE. RATIONALE: To evaluate the long term safety and efficacy of reslizumab (RSZ) in pediatric patients who received RSZ in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) and expanded access program. METHODS: Records of patients who received RSZ in our center were reviewed. Patients received RSZ 2 mg/kg (or placebo) every 4 weeks as part of the RCT, open label extension (OLE), and compassionate use (CU)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174167/progress-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-adolescent-endometriosis-an-opinion
#4
REVIEW
Giuseppe Benagiano, Sun-Wei Guo, Patrick Puttemans, Stephan Gordts, Ivo Brosens
Increasing evidence indicates that early onset endometriosis (EOE), starting around menarche or early adolescence, may have an origin different from the adult variant, originating from neonatal uterine bleeding (NUB). This implies seeding of naïve endometrial progenitor cells into the pelvic cavity with NUB; these can then activate around thelarche. It has its own pathophysiology, symptomatology and risk factors, warranting critical management re-evaluation. It can also be progressive, endangering future reproductive capacity...
October 25, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172006/two-cases-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-ii-with-eosinophilic-oesophagitis
#5
Heidi R Fuller, Hannah K Shorrock, Thomas H Gillingwater, Anna Pigott, Victoria Smith, Richa Kulshrestha, Caroline S Sewry, Tracey A Willis
Although primarily characterised by loss of motor neurons from the anterior horn of spinal cord and muscle atrophy, spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is now recognised as a multi-systemic disorder. Here, we report two SMA Type II patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE), a rare, chronic immune/antigen-mediated condition. One patient presented with dysphagia and poor weight gain, and the second patient had symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and poor weight gain. In both patients, macroscopic observations during gastroscopy indicated typical signs of EoE, which were verified during histological examination of oesophageal biopsies...
2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136587/management-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-celiac-disease
#6
REVIEW
Rok Seon Choung, Jeffrey A Alexander, David A Katzka, Joseph A Murray
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and celiac disease (CeD) are chronic immune mediated gastrointestinal disorders characterized by mucosal inflammation, both of which are related to food antigens, but with differences in clinical and histopathological features. When untreated, both diseases lead to destruction of the epithelium. While a strict gluten-free diet is the only effective therapy for CeD, several therapeutic options, such as proton pump inhibitors, topical steroids and diet elimination therapy are available for EoE...
November 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132668/diagnosis-and-management-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#7
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Wilson, Emily C McGowan
Unlike traditional food allergies, immunoglobulin E (IgE) is not a key mediator of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Nonetheless, foods antigens are important triggers of EoE, and allergists play an important role in management of this chronic disease. This review addresses insights into the diagnosis and management as it relates to our evolving understanding about the pathogenesis of EoE.
February 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129581/eoe-genetic-susceptibility-is-mediated-by-synergistic-interactions-between-eoe-specific-and-general-atopic-disease-loci
#8
L J Martin, H He, M H Collins, J P Abonia, J M Biagini Myers, M Eby, H E Johansson, L C Kottyan, G K Khurana Hershey, M E Rothenberg
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an esophageal inflammatory disease associated with atopic diseases. TSLP and CAPN14 genetic variation contribute to EoE, but how this relates to atopy is unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between EoE, atopy and genetic risk. METHODS: EoE-atopy enrichment was tested using 700 EoE cases and 801 community controls. Probing 372 SNPs in 63 atopy-genes, we evaluated EoE associations using 412 non-atopic and 868 atopic disease controls...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129301/pharmacologic-treatment-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Alain M Schoepfer, Alex Straumann, Ekaterina Safroneeva
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is defined as a chronic, immune-medicated or antigen-mediated, esophageal disease, characterized clinically by symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction and histologically by eosinophil-predominant inflammation. Food allergens are identified in most patients. Treatment strategies include elimination diets, drugs, and esophageal dilation. This article focuses on pharmacologic treatment. Currently, there is no pharmacologic treatment that has been approved by regulatory authorities...
January 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129300/eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-children-and-adults
#10
REVIEW
Jonathan E Markowitz, Steven B Clayton
Adults and children with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) have distinct clinical and endoscopic presentations. Recognition of clinical signs, along with laboratory and endoscopic findings, is critical for the identification of patients with EoE because delay in diagnosis has been associated with esophageal remodeling and stricture formation. Clinical presentation varies considerably between adults and children. This is less due to differences in the disease and more due to patient differences. This article describes the similarities and differences in clinical presentation of children and adults with EoE, including areas of epidemiology, clinical and endoscopic presentation, pathophysiology, and treatment...
January 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129299/endoscopic-and-radiologic-findings-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#11
REVIEW
Jeffrey A Alexander
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) was first described by Landis in 1978. The disease is characterized by esophageal symptoms, primarily dysphagia in adult patients, and esophageal eosinophilic infiltration. The disease is associated with characteristic endoscopic findings, including edema, rings, furrows, exudates, and strictures. The typical radiographic findings of this disorder are rings, strictures, and small-caliber esophagus. The endoscopic and radiographic findings of EoE are the topic of this review.
January 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129298/latest-insights-on-the-relationship-between-symptoms-and-biologic-findings-in-adults-with-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#12
REVIEW
Ekaterina Safroneeva, Alex Straumann, Alain M Schoepfer
Patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) present with symptoms accompanied by behavioral adaptions to living with this condition. These include swallowing- and nonswallowing-associated pain in adulthood. In children, EoE symptoms vary with age and include vomiting, abdominal pain, and dysphagia. Studies using validated patient-reported outcome measures have demonstrated that symptoms in EoE are associated with severe biologic alterations and that patients on the low biologic severity spectrum have few symptoms...
January 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129297/demographic-features-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#13
REVIEW
Anna Maria Lipowska, Robert T Kavitt
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an increasingly prevalent chronic condition characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the esophageal epithelium accompanied by esophageal symptoms. The number of new diagnoses is growing worldwide in both pediatric and adult populations. Differences in disease distribution and presentation have been found, varying by gender, race, and other characteristics. This review examines the existing literature and provides insight into the demographic features of EoE.
January 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129296/eosinophilic-esophagitis-incidence-and-prevalence
#14
REVIEW
Fouad J Moawad
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a rapidly emerging allergy-mediated condition encountered frequently in clinical practice. It presents with failure to thrive, nausea, and vomiting in children and is a common reason for dysphagia and food impaction in adults. Several institution-based and population-based studies have reported the frequency of EoE over the past few years. The incidence and prevalence of EoE vary depending on the method of data collection. In population-based studies using national registries, the incidence appears to be increasing, currently estimated to be approximately 10 cases/100,000 persons annually, whereas the prevalence is reported between 10 and 57 cases/100,000 persons...
January 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104849/current-concepts-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#15
REVIEW
Dagmar Simon, Alex Straumann, Alain M Schoepfer, Hans-Uwe Simon
Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a disease entity first described in the 1990s, but showing an increasing incidence that is characterized clinically by esophageal dysfunction and histologically by a striking eosinophil infiltration. Methods: This article discusses new aspects of the pathogenesis, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of EoE. Results: EoE affects both children and adults and is frequently associated with atopic disease and IgE sensitization...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094023/absence-of-esophageal-eosinophilia-in-a-toddler-with-severe-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#16
Wenyin Loh, Karen Michelle Wright, Fang Kuan Chiou
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a clinicopathologic disease characterised by esophageal dysfunction and eosinophil-predominant inflammation. Diagnosing EoE in children is particularly challenging as they tend to present with nonspecific symptoms and their mucosal specimens may have less than the threshold number of eosinophils. Reluctance to subject children to multiple endoscopic procedures and anesthesia often results in treatment with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) first to evaluate clinical response. This approach presents a problem as a diagnosis of EoE may be missed...
October 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092029/management-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-daily-clinical-practice
#17
B D Vermeulen, A Bogte, M A Verhagen, H J M Pullens, P D Siersema
In recent years, new guidelines and recommendations have been published regarding the diagnostic criteria and therapeutic management of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). The aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic and therapeutic management of patients diagnosed with EoE in daily clinical practice and whether this was performed according to current guidelines and recommendations. A population-based, multicenter retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from the national pathology registry (PALGA), medical records, and telephone interviews of patients diagnosed with EoE in two academic and two nonacademic hospitals in the period 2004 to 2014...
October 30, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074457/step-up-empiric-elimination-diet-for-pediatric-and-adult-eosinophilic-esophagitis-the-2-4-6-study
#18
Javier Molina-Infante, Ángel Arias, Javier Alcedo, Ruth Garcia-Romero, Sergio Casabona-Frances, Alicia Prieto-Garcia, Ines Modolell, Pedro L Gonzalez-Cordero, Isabel Perez-Martinez, Jose Luis Martin-Lorente, Carlos Guarner-Argente, Maria L Masiques, Victor Vila-Miravet, Roger Garcia-Puig, Edoardo Savarino, Carlos Teruel Sanchez-Vegazo, Cecilio Santander, Alfredo J Lucendo
BACKGROUND: Numerous dietary restrictions and endoscopies limit the implementation of empiric elimination diets in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Milk and wheat/gluten are the most common food triggers. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the effectiveness of a step-up dietary strategy for EoE. METHODS: We performed a prospective study conducted in 14 centers. Patients underwent a 6-week 2-food-group elimination diet (TFGED; milk and gluten-containing cereals)...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064014/a-statistically-significant-association-between-esophageal-granular-cell-tumors-and-eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-16-year-analysis-at-two-large-hospitals-of-167-434-egds
#19
Borko Nojkov, Mitual Amin, Gehad Ghaith, Mitchell S Cappell
BACKGROUND: Esophageal granular cell tumor (eGCT) is a rare, usually benign, neoplasm of neuroectodermic origin. Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a relatively uncommon, immune-mediated, chronic disease. Both diseases commonly present with dysphagia. One case has been reported of simultaneous occurrence of both diseases. AIMS: To determine the association between diseases. METHODS: The present study was an IRB-approved, retrospective review of esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGDs) with esophageal biopsies from two large hospitals, 1999-2014...
December 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062584/adrenal-insufficiency-in-pediatric-eosinophilic-esophagitis-patients-treated-with-swallowed-topical-steroids
#20
Stephanie Hsu, Colleen Wood, Zhaoxing Pan, Haseeb Rahat, Philip Zeitler, David Fleischer, Calies Menard-Katcher, Glenn T Furuta, Dan Atkins
Swallowed topical steroids (STS) are the only effective pharmacological therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Thus far, studies of small populations of EoE patients have reported conflicting results in relation to adrenal insufficiency (AI). We sought to measure AI in a clinical setting in children taking STS for EoE. We performed a quality improvement study of pediatric EoE patients seen in a multidisciplinary clinic, who were treated with STS for at least 3 months. Two hundred twenty-five patients completed questionnaires to assess for signs of AI...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
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