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Stress recovery balance

Adriana Correa Melo, Isabella Cattani-Cavalieri, Marina Valente Barroso, Nicolas Quesnot, Lycia Brito Gitirana, Manuella Lanzetti, Samuel Santos Valença
Emphysema results in a proteinase - antiproteinase imbalance, inflammation and oxidative stress. Our objective was to investigate whether atorvastatin could repair mouse lungs after elastase-induced emphysema. Vehicle (50 μL) or porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) was administered on day 1, 3, 5 and 7 at 0.6 U intranasally. Male mice were divided into a control group (sham), PPE 32d (sacrificed 24 h after 32 days), PPE 64d (sacrificed 24 h after 64 days), and atorvastatin 1, 5 and 20 mg treated from day 33 until day 64 and sacrificed 24 h later (A1 mg, A5 mg and A20 mg, respectively)...
March 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Linda Martin, Bethany Sarosiek, Meredith Harrison, Traci Hedrick, James Isbell, Alexander Krupnick, Christine Lau, Hunter Mehaffey, Robert Thiele, Dustin Walters, Randal Blank
BACKGROUND: To minimize the stress of surgery, improve the patient experience, reduce variability and optimize resource utilization, we implemented a thoracic Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol and evaluated progress after one year. METHODS: Two protocols were developed: video assisted thoracic surgery (ERAS-VATS) and thoracotomy (ERAS-T). Each incorporated preoperative patient education, carbohydrate loading, opioid-sparing analgesia, conservative fluid management, and early ambulation...
March 3, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Yi-Xuan Guo, Hai-Tao Nie, Chen-Jie Xu, Guo-Min Zhang, Ling-Wei Sun, Ting-Ting Zhang, Zhen Wang, Xu Feng, Pei-Hua You, Feng Wang
The aim of this study was to determine whether nutrient restriction and arginine treatment affect energy metabolism changes and oxidative stress through the mitochondrial pathway in the ovarian tissue of ewes during the luteal phase. On days 6-15 of the estrous cycle, 24 multiparous Hu sheep (BW = 43.56 ± 1.53 kg) were randomly assigned to three groups: control group (CG; n = 6), restriction group (RG; n = 9), and l-arginine group (AG; n = 9) administered Arg treatment (or vehicle) three times per day...
February 22, 2018: Theriogenology
Lior Molcho, Tali Ben-Zur, Yael Barhum, Daniel Offen
Stroke is a leading cause of death worldwide and inflicts serious long-term damage and disability. The vasoconstrictor Endothelin-1, presenting long-term neurological deficits associated with excitotoxicity and oxidative stress is being increasingly used to induce focal ischemic injury as a model of stroke. A DJ-1 based peptide named ND-13 was shown to protect against glutamate toxicity, neurotoxic insults and oxidative stress in various animal models. Here we focus on the benefits of treatment with ND-13 on the functional outcome of focal ischemic injury...
2018: PloS One
R Siva Kumar, K V Sravan Kumar, L Kondareddy, K R Yogeshwara, Gangrade Manish, Jayachandran Jeenet, Kanyawar Nitesh
A new sensitive and stability indicating reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography method has been developed for the quantitative determination of potential impurities of Ledipasvir, active pharmaceutical ingredient. Efficient chromatographic separation was achieved on waters × select column contains C18 stationary phase in gradient mode, quantitation at wavelength of 325 nm and mobile phase A is 50 mM ammonium formate pH 3.5 and mobile phase B is acetonitrile with flow rate 1.2 mL. The method was validated according to International Council for Hormonisation guideline, linearity studies has shown correlation coefficient value greater than 0...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Sharon B Cantor, Jennifer A Calvo
The BRCA-Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway preserves the genome and suppresses cancer and is a main determinant of chemotherapeutic efficacy. The hereditary breast cancer genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 function in DNA double-strand break repair mediating distinct steps of homologous recombination (HR). More recently, independent of DNA repair, functions in the replication stress response have come to light, providing insight as to how the BRCA-FA pathway also balances genome preservation with proliferation. The BRCA-FA proteins associate with the replisome and contribute to the efficiency and recovery of replication following perturbations that slow or arrest DNA replication...
February 22, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology
Brian T Graham, Axel C Moore, David L Burris, Christopher Price
The interstitial fluid within articular cartilage shields the matrix from mechanical stresses, reduces friction and wear, enables biochemical processes, and transports solutes into and out of the avascular extracellular matrix. The balanced competition between fluid exudation and recovery under load is thus critical to the mechanical and biological functions of the tissue. We recently discovered that sliding alone can induce rapid solute transport into buried cartilage contact areas via a phenomenon termed tribological rehydration...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
François D Desgorces, Christophe Moinard, Mounir Chennaoui, Jean-François Toussaint, Cyril Petibois, Philippe Noirez
Fasted or weight-category athletes manage their training under strict diet conditions that could impair the stress-recovery balance and result in acute or chronic fatigue. However, to date, no validated biomarker are available to quantify this phenomena. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of a specific index combining plasma albumin and weight change to detect nutrition-related risks of fatigue increase and under-performance in athletes experiencing particular nutritional conditions. An athlete's nutrition risk index (ANRI) equation, based on data from lightweight and heavyweight rowers, was developed using relationship between plasma albumin concentrations combined to weight changes with sport performance and overtraining scores and was tested by odds ratio for failure...
June 2017: Biochimie open
Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter, Jürgen Beckmann
The relationship between recovery and fatigue and its impact on performance has attracted the interest of sports science for many years. An adequate balance between stress (training and competition load, other life demands) and recovery is essential for athletes to achieve continuous high-level performance. Research has focused on the examination of physiological and psychological recovery strategies to compensate external and internal training and competition loads. A systematic monitoring of recovery and the subsequent implementation of recovery routines aims at maximizing performance and preventing negative developments such as underrecovery, non-functional overreaching, the overtraining syndrome, injuries, or illnesses...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Kathrin Bauernhofer, Daniela Bassa, Markus Canazei, Paulino Jiménez, Manuela Paechter, Ilona Papousek, Andreas Fink, Elisabeth M Weiss
BACKGROUND: Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees. Different burnout subtypes might therefore exist. Yet, burnout subtypes based on burnout profiles have hardly been explored in clinical patients, and the samples investigated in previous studies were rather heterogeneous including patients with various physical, psychological, and social limitations, symptoms, and disabilities...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Tania Moretta, Giulia Buodo
The link between autonomic stress reactivity and subjective urge/craving has been less systematically examined in behavioral addictions (i.e. problematic Internet use) than in substance use disorders. The present study investigated whether problematic Internet users (PU) show enhanced autonomic stress reactivity than non-PU, indexed by lower Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and higher Skin Conductance Level (SCL) reactivity during the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), whether greater reactivity is related to stronger Internet craving, and whether problematic Internet usage is associated with some dysfunctional psychological features...
2018: PloS One
Marouane Ben Massoud, Lamia Sakouhi, Inès Karmous, Yao Zhu, Ezzedine El Ferjani, David Sheehan, Abdelilah Chaoui
The present work aims to provide insight on the role of phytohormone application in developing efficient practical defense strategies to improve plants tolerance under heavy metal contamination. For this purpose, pea (Pisum sativum L.) seeds were germinated in an aqueous solution of 200μM CuCl2 up to the 3rd day and then continued to germinate in the presence of distilled water (stress cessation) or were subjected to following combinations: Cu+1μM IAA and Cu+1μM GA3 for 3 additional days. The results showed that copper excess induced oxidative stress in germinating seeds, which resulted in changes of the redox state of glutathione and cysteine, and proteomics revealed Cu-induced modifications of thiols (SH) and carbonyls (CO) (indicators of protein oxidation)...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Liang Chen, Yanhua Yang, Yiting Wang, Lipeng Qiu, Hengchuan Xia, Aiai Wang, Hailong Liu, Hongfei Shi, Keping Chen
Moderate exercise helps improve competition results, providing a balanced muscle tone and biochemical activity, whereas excessive training disrupts the balance between training and recovery, causes harm to the organism, and leads to overtraining syndrome (OTS). To explore the mechanisms of different protein expressions during training and acquisition of immunity, we used proteomic analyses to investigate the differences of liver-protein expressions between 2 swimming modes. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control (CT), fatigue training (FT), and exhaustive training (ET) groups, and liver tissues from each group were subjected to 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE)...
December 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Julia Geiger, Amir A Rahsepar, Kenichiro Suwa, Alex Powell, Ahmadreza Ghasemiesfe, Alex J Barker, Jeremy D Collins, James C Carr, Michael Markl
BACKGROUND: Patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) show altered hemodynamics in the ascending aorta that can be assessed by 4D flow MRI. PURPOSE: Comprehensive cardiac MRI was applied to test the hypothesis that BAV-mediated changes in aortic hemodynamics (wall shear stress [WSS] and velocity) are associated with parameters of left ventricular (LV) remodeling. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective data analysis. POPULATION: Forty-nine BAV patients (mean age = 50...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Sara Hestehave, Gordon Munro, Rie Christensen, Tina Brønnum Pedersen, Lars Arvastson, Philip Hougaard, Klas S P Abelson
INTRODUCTION: The induction of neuropathic pain-like behaviors in rodents often requires surgical intervention. This engages acute nociceptive signaling events that contribute to pain and stress post-operatively that from a welfare perspective demands peri-operative analgesic treatment. However, a large number of researchers avoid providing such care based largely on anecdotal opinions that it might interfere with model pathophysiology in the longer term. OBJECTIVES: To investigate effects of various peri-operative analgesic regimens encapsulating different mechanisms and duration of action, on the development of post-operative stress/welfare and pain-like behaviors in the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI)-model of neuropathic pain...
2017: PloS One
Allannah S Clemson, Carla M Sgrò, Marina Telonis-Scott
We examined the transcriptional responses of desiccation resistance candidate genes in populations of Drosophila melanogaster divergent for desiccation resistance and in capacity to improve resistance via phenotypic plasticity. Adult females from temperate and tropical eastern Australian populations were exposed to a rapid desiccation hardening (RDH) treatment, and groups without RDH to acute desiccation stress, and the transcript expression of 12 candidate desiccation genes were temporally profiled during, and in recovery from stress...
February 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Yoshiyuki Matsuo, Kiichi Hirota
Numerous secretory and membrane proteins undergo post-translational modifications in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and the formation of disulfide bonds is a modification that is critical for proper protein folding. The mammalian ER contains a large family of oxidoreductases that are considered to catalyze thiol/disulfide exchange and ensure the maintenance of a redox environment within the ER. Disruption of ER homeostasis causes an accumulation of misfolded and unfolded proteins, a condition termed ER stress...
November 2017: FEBS Open Bio
Raghavendar Chandran, TaeHee Kim, Suresh L Mehta, Eshwar Udho, Vishal Chanana, Pelin Cengiz, HwuiWon Kim, Chanul Kim, Raghu Vemuganti
Uncontrolled oxidative stress contributes to the secondary neuronal death that promotes long-term neurological dysfunction following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Surprisingly, both NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) that increases and transcription factor Nrf2 that decreases reactive oxygen species (ROS) are induced after TBI. As the post-injury functional outcome depends on the balance of these opposing molecular pathways, we evaluated the effect of TBI on the motor and cognitive deficits and cortical contusion volume in NOX2 and Nrf2 knockout mice...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Yijie Zhao, Wen Yi, Albert P C Chan, Daniel W M Chan
A hot environment combined with physically demanding tasks can subject workers to a higher risk of heat stress. A series of regulations and guidelines have been proposed to design appropriate anti-heat stress work uniform to reduce body heat strain. The present study aimed to examine heat strain recovery in different anti-heat stress clothing ensembles after work to exhaustion in the heat. 10 healthy males performed intermittent treadmill running/walking to exhaustion, followed by 30min passive recovery sitting in a climatic chamber, which simulated the hot and humid outdoor environment (34°C temperature, 60% relative humidity, 0...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
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