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Recovery and adaptation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635436/changes-in-the-nature-and-intensity-of-stress-following-employment-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-services-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#1
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633960/effect-of-stimulus-level-on-the-temporal-response-properties-of-the-auditory-nerve-in-cochlear-implants
#2
Michelle L Hughes, Sarah A Laurello
Electrically evoked compound action potentials (ECAPs) have been used to examine temporal response patterns of the auditory nerve in cochlear implant (CI) recipients. ECAP responses to individual pulses in a pulse train vary across stimulation rates for individual CI users. For very slow rates, auditory neurons have ample time to discharge, recover, and respond to each pulse in the train. As the pulse rate increases, an alternating ECAP-amplitude pattern occurs. As the stimulation rate increases further, the alternating pattern eventually ceases and the overall ECAP amplitudes are diminished, yielding a relatively stochastic state that presumably reflects a combination of adaptation, desynchronization, and facilitation across fibers...
June 13, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633857/state-of-the-art-on-ultrasonic-oil-production-technique-for-eor-in-china
#3
Zhenjun Wang, Congbo Yin
Ultrasonic oil production technique for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) attracts more attention due to its high adaptability, simple operation, low cost and zero pollution to the oil reservoir. In this paper, recent new downhole tools used for enhanced oil recovery developed in China are summarized. Furthermore, research advance on some key problems that affect the widespread application of ultrasonic oil production technique in China are also summarized in view of what are the primary factors that influence crude oil paraffin inhibition and viscosity reduction, whether ultrasonic excitation is better than chemical agent for any plugs removal and whether ultrasound-chemical combination plug removal technology has the best plugs removal effect...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633427/genotypic-variation-in-tolerance-to-drought-stress-is-highly-coordinated-with-hydraulic-conductivity-photosynthesis-interplay-and-aquaporin-expression-in-field-grown-mulberry-morus-spp
#4
Kanubothula Sitarami Reddy, Kalva Madhana Sekhar, Attipalli Ramachandra Reddy
Hydraulic conductivity quantifies the efficiency of a plant to transport water from root to shoot and is a major constriction on leaf gas exchange physiology. Mulberry (Morus spp.) is the most economically important crop for sericulture industry. In this study, we demonstrate a finely coordinated control of hydraulic dynamics on leaf gas exchange characteristics in 1-year-old field-grown mulberry genotypes (Selection-13 (S13); Kollegal Local (KL) and Kanva-2 (K2)) subjected to water stress by withholding water for 20 days and subsequent recovery for 7 days...
June 14, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632879/reliability-and-agreement-between-metrics-of-cone-spacing-in-adaptive-optics-images-of-the-human-retinal-photoreceptor-mosaic
#5
Daniela Giannini, Giuseppe Lombardo, Letizia Mariotti, Nicholas Devaney, Sebastiano Serrao, Marco Lombardo
Purpose: To assess reliability and agreement among three metrics used to evaluate the distribution of cell distances in adaptive optics (AO) images of the cone mosaic. Methods: Using an AO flood illumination retinal camera, we acquired images of the cone mosaic in 20 healthy subjects and 12 patients with retinal diseases. The three spacing metrics studied were the center-to-center spacing (Scc), the local cone spacing (LCS), and the density recovery profile distance (DRPD)...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626596/management-of-severe-developmental-regression-in-an-autistic-child-with-a-1q21-3-microdeletion-and-self-injurious-blindness
#6
Cora Cravero, Vincent Guinchat, Jean Xavier, Camille Meunier, Lautaro Diaz, Cyril Mignot, Diane Doummar, Sandra Chantot-Bastaraud, Angèle Consoli, David Cohen
We report the case of a young boy with nonverbal autism and intellectual disability, with a rare de novo 1q21.3 microdeletion. The patient had early and extreme self-injurious behaviours that led to blindness, complicated by severe developmental regression. A significant reduction in the self-injurious behaviours and the recovery of developmental dynamics were attained in a multidisciplinary neurodevelopmental inpatient unit. Improvement was obtained after managing all causes of somatic pains, using opiate blockers and stabilizing the patient's mood...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623312/recovery-of-the-first-full-length-genome-sequence-of-a-parapoxvirus-directly-from-a-clinical-sample
#7
Thomas Günther, Ludwig Haas, Malik Alawi, Peter Wohlsein, Jerzy Marks, Adam Grundhoff, Paul Becher, Nicole Fischer
We recovered the first full-length poxvirus genome, including the terminal hairpin region, directly from complex clinical material using a combination of second generation short read and third generation nanopore sequencing technologies. The complete viral genome sequence was directly recovered from a skin lesion of a grey seal thereby preventing sequence changes due to in vitro passaging of the virus. Subsequent analysis of the proteins encoded by this virus identified genes specific for skin adaptation and pathogenesis of parapoxviruses...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621766/autologous-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-treatment-of-multiple-sclerosis
#8
REVIEW
Paolo A Muraro, Roland Martin, Giovanni Luigi Mancardi, Richard Nicholas, Maria Pia Sormani, Riccardo Saccardi
Autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) is a multistep procedure that enables destruction of the immune system and its reconstitution from haematopoietic stem cells. Originally developed for the treatment of haematological malignancies, the procedure has been adapted for the treatment of severe immune-mediated disorders. Results from ∼20 years of research make a compelling case for selective use of AHSCT in patients with highly active multiple sclerosis (MS), and for controlled trials...
June 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621020/conservation-of-alternative-splicing-in-sodium-channels-reveals-evolutionary-focus-on-release-from-inactivation-and-structural-insights-into-gating
#9
A Liavas, G Lignani, S Schorge
Voltage-gated sodium channels are critical for neuronal activity, and highly intolerant to variation. Even mutations that cause subtle changes in the activity these channels are sufficient to cause devastating inherited neurological diseases, such as epilepsy and pain. However, these channels do vary in healthy tissue. Alternative splicing modifies sodium channels, but the functional relevance and adaptive significance of this splicing remain poorly understood. Here we use a conserved alternate exon encoding part of the first domain of sodium channels to compare how splicing modifies different channels, and to ask whether the functional consequences of this splicing have been preserved in different genes...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620711/evaluating-expected-outcomes-of-acid-remediation-in-an-intensively-mined-appalachian-watershed
#10
Andrew S Watson, George T Merovich, J Todd Petty, J Brady Gutta
Assessments of watershed-based restoration efforts are rare but are essential for the science of stream restoration to advance. We conducted a watershed scale assessment of Abram Creek before and after implementation of a watershed-based plan designed to maximize ecological recovery from acid mine drainage (AMD) impairment. We surveyed water chemistry, physical habitat, benthic macroinvertebrates, and fish community structure in three stream types: AMD-impacted (14 streams), AMD-treated (13 streams), and unimpaired reference (4 streams)...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620334/longitudinal-relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-8-years-after-a-violent-assault-an-autoregressive-cross-lagged-model
#11
Egil Nygaard, Venke A Johansen, Johan Siqveland, Ajmal Hussain, Trond Heir
Self-efficacy is assumed to promote posttraumatic adaption, and several cross-sectional studies support this notion. However, there is a lack of prospective longitudinal studies to further illuminate the temporal relationship between self-efficacy and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Thus, an important unresolved research question is whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms affect the level of self-efficacy or vice versa or whether they mutually influence each other. The present prospective longitudinal study investigated the reciprocal relationship between general self-efficacy (GSE) and posttraumatic stress symptoms in 143 physical assault victims...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616003/development-and-validation-of-arabic-version-of-the-postoperative-quality-of-recovery-40-questionnaire
#12
Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Paul S Myles, Waleed Riad, Sumaya Nemer Nassar, Maissa Mahmoud, Ghadah Jumaan AlKahtani, Fatima Jaina Sala, Anas Abdulrahman, Khaled S Doais, Rayan Suliman Terkawi, Siny Tsang
INTRODUCTION: The postoperative quality of recovery-40 (QoR-40) is one of the most frequently used tools to assess the quality of recovery after surgery. The aim of the current study was to translate, culturally adapt, and validate the QoR-40 questionnaire in Arabic. METHODS: A systematic translation process was used to translate the original English QoR-40 into Arabic. After the pilot study, the translated version was validated among patients who underwent different types of surgeries...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616001/development-and-validation-of-arabic-version-of-the-postoperative-quality-of-recovery-scale
#13
Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Siny Tsang, Waleed Riad, Sumaya Nemer Nassar, Maissa Mahmoud, Ghadah Jumaan AlKahtani, Hanin Hussain Alsharif, Khalid S Doais, Fatima Jaina Sala, Anas Abdulrahman, Colin F Royse
INTRODUCTION: The postoperative quality of recovery scale (PostopQRS) is a widely used tool to assess the postoperative quality of recovery. Our aim was to translate, culturally adapt, and validate the PostopQRS questionnaire in Arabic. METHODOLOGY: A systematic translation process was used to translate the original English PostopQRS into Arabic. After the pilot study, the translated version was validated among patients who underwent different types of surgeries...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615902/translation-and-adaptation-of-stroke-aphasia-depression-questionnaire-10-to-hindi
#15
Harsimarpreet Kaur, Sakshi Chopra, R M Pandey, Rohit Bhatia, Ashima Nehra
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most researched emotional responses after stroke and shows that the emotional impact of aphasia can have a marked negative impact on recovery, response to rehabilitation, and psychosocial adjustment. There is an evident dearth of validated instruments to assess depression in people with aphasia including Hindi, the national language of the country. AIMS: The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the original English version of widely used hospital version of Stroke Aphasia Depression Questionnaire (SADQ-10) to Hindi...
April 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615502/empirical-links-between-natural-mortality-and-recovery-in-marine-fishes
#16
Jeffrey A Hutchings, Anna Kuparinen
Probability of species recovery is thought to be correlated with specific aspects of organismal life history, such as age at maturity and longevity, and how these affect rates of natural mortality (M) and maximum per capita population growth (rmax). Despite strong theoretical underpinnings, these correlates have been based on predicted rather than realized population trajectories following threat mitigation. Here, we examine the level of empirical support for postulated links between a suite of life-history traits (related to maturity, age, size and growth) and recovery in marine fishes...
June 14, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615146/novel-insights-into-acute-kidney-injury-chronic-kidney-disease-continuum-and-the-role-of-renin-angiotensin-system
#17
REVIEW
Yu-Hsiang Chou, Tao-Min Huang, Tzong-Shinn Chu
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). If injury is mild, a repair process can be adaptive and lead to complete renal recovery. However, severe injury will be accompanied by a maladaptive repair which usually leads to nephron loss, fibrosis, vascular rarefaction, and chronic inflammation. Although various mechanisms underlying AKI-CKD transition have been explored, no intervention has been proved effective to block the transition until very recently. A lack of consensus for monitoring renal function and defining renal recovery after AKI should be the reasons for the slow advance in the discovery of a timely pharmacologic treatment to block AKI-CKD transition...
June 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615010/internet-based-perioperative-exercise-program-in-patients-with-barrett-s-carcinoma-scheduled-for-esophagectomy-ipep-study-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Daniel Pfirrmann, Suzan Tug, Oana Brosteanu, Matthias Mehdorn, Martin Busse, Peter P Grimminger, Florian Lordick, Torben Glatz, Jens Hoeppner, Hauke Lang, Perikles Simon, Ines Gockel
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing surgery for esophageal cancer have a high risk for postoperative deterioration of lung function and pulmonary complications. This is partly due to one-lung ventilation during thoracotomy. This often accounts for prolonged stay on intensive care units, delayed postoperative reconvalescence and reduced quality of life. Socioeconomic disadvantages can result from these problems. Physical preconditioning has become a crucial leverage to optimize fitness and lung function in patients scheduled for esophagectomy, in particular during the time period of neoadjuvant therapy...
June 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614321/photonic-microwave-carrier-recovery-using-period-one-nonlinear-dynamics-of-semiconductor-lasers-for-ofdm-rof-coherent-detection
#19
Yu-Han Hung, Jhih-Heng Yan, Kai-Ming Feng, Sheng-Kwang Hwang
This study investigates an all-optical scheme based on period-one (P1) nonlinear dynamics of semiconductor lasers, which regenerates the microwave carrier of an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing radio-over-fiber (OFDM-RoF) signal and uses it as a microwave local oscillator for coherent detection. Through the injection locking established between the OFDM-RoF signal and the P1 dynamics, frequency synchronization with highly preserved phase quality is inherently achieved between the recovered microwave carrier and the microwave carrier of the OFDM-RoF signal...
June 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614103/genocide-rape-trauma-management-an-integrated-framework-for-supporting-survivors
#20
Donatilla Mukamana, Petra Brysiewicz, Anthony Collins, William Rosa
During the 1994 Rwandan genocide, rape was widely used as a strategic weapon against Tutsi women. More than 20 years later, many of these women are still suffering devastating psychological, social, and physical effects of these experiences and remain in need of effective interventions that address their complex trauma. This article develops the theory of genocide rape trauma management as a conceptual framework for promoting the holistic health and recovery of female genocide rape survivors. A qualitative study using grounded theory explored the lived experiences of genocide rape survivors and led to the development of this model...
June 13, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
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