keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Syringic acid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342478/interactions-between-the-tetrasodium-salts-of-edta-and-1-hydroxyethane-1-1-diphosphonic-acid-with-sodium-hypochlorite-irrigants
#1
Philippe Biel, Dirk Mohn, Thomas Attin, Matthias Zehnder
INTRODUCTION: A clinically useful all-in-one endodontic irrigant with combined proteolytic and decalcifying properties is still elusive. In this study, the chemical effects of dissolving the tetrasodium salts of 1-hydroxyethane 1,1-diphosphonic acid (Na4HEDP) or Na4EDTA directly in sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) irrigants in polypropylene syringes were assessed during the course of 1 hour. METHODS: The solubility of the salts in water was determined. Their compatibility with 1% and 5% NaOCl was measured by iodometric titration and in a calcium complexation experiment by using a Ca(2+)-selective electrode...
April 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338616/a-comparative-study-of-phenols-in-apulian-italian-wines
#2
Andrea Ragusa, Carla Centonze, Maria E Grasso, Maria F Latronico, Pier F Mastrangelo, Federica Sparascio, Francesco P Fanizzi, Michele Maffia
Nutraceutics is a growing research field in which researchers study and attempt to improve the biological properties of metabolites in food. Wine is one of the most consumed products in the world and contains a plethora of molecules biologically relevant to human health. In this article, several polyphenols with potential antioxidant activity were measured in wines from Apulia, in Southeast Italy. Hydroxytyrosol, gallic and syringic acids, luteolin, quercetin, and trans-resveratrol were identified and quantified by HPLC...
March 24, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335967/an-innovative-monolithic-zwitterionic-stationary-phase-for-the-separation-of-phenolic-acids-in-coffee-bean-extracts-by-capillary-electrochromatography
#3
Adele Murauer, Rania Bakry, Herwig Schottenberger, Christian Huck, Markus Ganzera
A methacrylate based monolith, containing the innovative zwitterionic monomer (3-allyl-1-imidazol)propane sulfonate, was prepared in 100 μm I.D. silica capillaries by UV initiated photo-polymerization. Composition of the porogen, i.e. a mixture of 1-propanol, 1,4 butanediol and water, was of great importance to obtain a homogeneous monolith with satisfactory permeability and good electrochromatographic performance. Morphology of the stationary phase was studied in Scanning Electron Microscopy and IR experiments, which revealed a good attachment to the capillary wall, flowthrough-pores in the range of 0...
April 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328707/the-sterility-of-partially-used-hyaluronic-acid-fillers-after-long-storage
#4
Mohammed Al-Haddab, Amr Abduljabbar, Ali Al-Somaily
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid (HA) gel fillers represent most soft tissue augmentation procedures currently used, because they have lower rates of complications compared with other materials. Many patients do not consume an entire syringe of filler but may require a retouch or intermittent augmentation after some time. The remaining material is commonly stored in a specific environment for reuse by the same patient. OBJECTIVE: There are an insufficient number of recommendations concerning the safety of storing and reusing dermal fillers in the literature because of the paucity of studies...
March 21, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326842/two-new-terpenoids-from-kalimeris-indica
#5
Guo-Kai Wang, Yang Yu, Zheng Wang, Bai-Xiang Cai, Zhong-Yu Zhou, Gang Wang, Jin-Song Liu
A new nor-sesquiterpene kalimeristone A (1), a new nor-triterpenoid kalimerislactone B (2) and eight known compounds 7-hydroxy-4'methoxyisoflavone (3), episyringaresinol (4), epipinoresinol (5), rhamnetin (6), vanillin (7), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (8), syringic acid (9) and 3, 4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde (10) were isolated from the herbs of Kalimeris indica. The structures of these compounds were elucidated using spectroscopic techniques, such as NMR and MS. All of the compounds were isolated from this genus for the first time...
March 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287476/absorption-metabolism-and-excretion-of-cranberry-poly-phenols-in-humans-a-dose-response-study-and-assessment-of-inter-individual-variability
#6
Rodrigo P Feliciano, Charlotte E Mills, Geoffrey Istas, Christian Heiss, Ana Rodriguez-Mateos
The beneficial health effects of cranberries have been attributed to their (poly)phenol content. Recent studies have investigated the absorption, metabolism and excretion of cranberry (poly)phenols; however, little is known about whether they follow a dose response in vivo at different levels of intake. An acute double-blind randomized controlled trial in 10 healthy men with cranberry juices containing 409, 787, 1238, 1534 and 1910 mg total (poly)phenols was performed. Blood and urine were analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS...
March 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285179/expanding-the-feruloyl-esterase-gene-family-of-aspergillus-niger-by-characterization-of-a-feruloyl-esterase-faec
#7
Adiphol Dilokpimol, Miia R Mäkelä, Sadegh Mansouri, Olga Belova, Martin Waterstraat, Mirko Bunzel, Ronald P de Vries, Kristiina S Hildén
A feruloyl esterase (FAE) from Aspergillus niger N402, FaeC was heterologously produced in Pichia pastoris X-33 in a yield of 10mg/L. FaeC was most active at pH 7.0 and 50°C, and showed broad substrate specificity and catalyzed the hydrolysis of methyl 3,4-dimethoxycinnamate, ethyl ferulate, methyl ferulate, methyl p-coumarate, ethyl coumarate, methyl sinapate, and methyl caffeate. The enzyme released both ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid from wheat arabinoxylan and sugar beet pectin (up to 3mg/g polysaccharide), and acted synergistically with a commercial xylanase increasing the release of ferulic acid up to six-fold...
March 8, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281361/simultaneous-determination-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-four-phenolic-compounds-in-dendrobii-herba
#8
Sae-Rom Yoo, Soo-Jin Jeong, Na-Ri Lee, Hyeun-Kyoo Shin, Chang-Seob Seo
Dendrobii Herba, a traditional Korean medicine, is used for treating atrophic gastritis, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Phytochemical studies of Dendrobium species and their compounds have been conducted. However, the pharmaceutical effects of these compounds have not yet been elucidated. We performed quantitative determination of four phenolic compounds, - (1) 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, (2) vanillic acid (3) syringic acid and (4) ferulic acid - in Dendrobii Herba using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with a photodiode array detector...
March 10, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264523/a-kinetic-approach-in-the-evaluation-of-radical-scavenging-efficiency-of-sinapic-acid-and-its-derivatives
#9
Neda Nićiforović, Tomaž Polak, Damjan Makuc, Nataša Poklar Ulrih, Helena Abramovič
A kinetic approach was used to determine the radical scavenging activities of sinapic acid and its derivatives: sinapine, 4-vinylsyringol, syringic acid, syringaldehyde, and ethyl, propyl and butyl sinapate. The responses were expressed as rates of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH˙) scavenging (RS), superoxide radical (O₂˙(-)) scavenging (RFF), and β-carotene bleaching in the emulsion system (RB). For RS and RB, the esters of sinapic acid showed the highest responses while, for RFF, this was seen for syringic acid...
February 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262421/improvement-of-selective-lignin-degradation-in-fungal-pretreatment-of-sweet-sorghum-bagasse-using-synergistic-cuso4-syringic-acid-supplements
#10
Vartika Mishra, Asim K Jana, Mithu Maiti Jana, Antriksh Gupta
Sweet sorghum bagasse (SSB) generated in large quantities could be hydrolyzed to sugar and then fermented to green fuels. The hydrolysis of SSB polysaccharides interlocked in recalcitrant lignin network is the major problem. Pretreatment of SSB in SSF by using Coriolus versicolor with CuSO4-syringic acid supplements for effects on production of ligninocellulolytic enzymes, lignin degradation and selectivity values (SV) were studied. C. versicolor was selected based on high ligninolytic and low cellulolytic abilily...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257665/bioassay-guided-fractionation-of-ethyl-acetate-extract-from-armillaria-mellea-attenuates-inflammatory-response-in-lipopolysaccharide-lps-stimulated-bv-2-microglia
#11
Yan Geng, Shuiling Zhu, Peng Cheng, Zhen-Ming Lu, Hong-Yu Xu, Jin-Song Shi, Zheng-Hong Xu
BACKGROUND: Armillaria mellea (A. mellea) is a traditional Chinese medicinal and edible mushroom, which is proved to possess a lot of biological activities, including anti-oxidation, immunopotentiation, anti-vertigo and anti-aging activities. However, little information is available in regard to its neuroprotection activity in inflammation-mediated neurodegenerative diseases. PURPOSE: We have found that A. mellea has an anti-inflammatory activity in LPS-induced RAW264...
March 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256488/effects-of-seven-different-irrigation-techniques-on-debris-and-the-smear-layer-a-scanning-electron-microscopy-study
#12
M Yilmaz, S Yılmaz, A Dumanı, C Kuden, O Yoldas
AIM: Conventional manual irrigation with a syringe and needle remains widely accepted technique in the irrigation procedures. However, its flushing action has some limitations. Currently, several techniques and systems are available and reported to improve the insufficiency of syringe irrigation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 7 different irrigation techniques compared to standard irrigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Straight roots from 80 extracted human maxillary central incisors were collected, and root canals were instrumented with K-files up to apical size 50...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256055/solvent-free-method-for-the-determination-of-lignin-derived-phenols-in-sediments
#13
Mayara Pinto, Morgana Frena, Luiz Augusto Dos Santos Madureira
A solvent-free method that uses headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography with flame ionization detection is proposed for the determination of lignin-derived phenols in sediments. The extraction and derivatization conditions for the simultaneous analysis of acetosyringone, acetovanillone, syringaldehyde, vanillin, ferulic acid, syringic acid, vanillic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and p-coumaric acid were optimized using a central composite design. After optimization, the best results were obtained with the following conditions: exposure of the polyacrylate fiber to the headspace with 60 μL of N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide as a derivatizing agent for 15 min and then extraction in the headspace of 100 mg of sediment (previously spiked with lignin-derived phenols) for 35 min...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254059/sources-and-distribution-of-sedimentary-organic-matter-along-the-northern-bering-and-chukchi-seas
#14
Fanglu Xu, Haiyan Jin, Zhongqiang Ji, Jianfang Chen, Pei Sun Loh
In this study, lignin-derived phenols were used to determine the sources and distribution of sedimentary organic matter along the northern Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea of the Arctic Ocean. The lignin parameter syringyl/vanillyl (S/V) and cinnamyl/vanillyl (C/V) ratios are used to indicate vegetation sources; and the ratios of vanillic acid/vanillin, (Ad/Al)v and syringic acid/syringaldehyde, (Ad/Al)s are used as indicators of lignin diagenesis. Results showed the predominance of woody gymnosperm signal at the easternmost location in the northern Bering Sea, a mixture of refractory non-woody angiosperm and fresher gymnosperm tissues in the Chukchi Sea, and signal of fresher woody gymnosperm tissues in the northernmost locations in the Chukchi Sea...
February 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254013/rapid-prediction-of-phenolic-compounds-and-antioxidant-activity-of-sudanese-honey-using-raman-and-fourier-transform-infrared-ft-ir-spectroscopy
#15
Haroon Elrasheid Tahir, Zou Xiaobo, Li Zhihua, Shi Jiyong, Xiaodong Zhai, Sheng Wang, Abdalbasit Adam Mariod
Fourier transform infrared with attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR) and Raman spectroscopy combined with partial least square regression (PLSR) were applied for the prediction of phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity in honey. Standards of catechin, syringic, vanillic, and chlorogenic acids were used for the identification and quantification of the individual phenolic compounds in six honey varieties using HPLC-DAD. Total antioxidant activity (TAC) and ferrous chelating capacity were measured spectrophotometrically...
July 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251063/evaluation-of-a-chitosan-polyethylene-glycol-paste-as-a-local-antibiotic-delivery-device
#16
Cheyenne S Rhodes, Christopher M Alexander, Joel M Berretta, Harry S Courtney, Karen E Beenken, Mark S Smeltzer, Joel D Bumgardner, Warren O Haggard, J Amber Jennings
AIM: To investigate the efficacy of a chitosan/polyethylene glycol blended paste as a local antibiotic delivery device, particularly in musculoskeletal wounds. METHODS: Acidic (A) chitosan sponges and neutralized (N) chitosan/polyethylene glycol (PEG) blended sponges were combined in ratios of 3A:2N, 1A:1N, and 2A:3N; then hydrated with phosphate buffered saline to form a chitosan/PEG paste (CPP). Both in vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to determine the potential CPP has as a local antibiotic delivery device...
February 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250586/physiological-performance-of-two-contrasting-rice-varieties-under-water-stress
#17
Furqan Khan, Priyanka Upreti, Ruchi Singh, Pradeep Kumar Shukla, Pramod Arvind Shirke
Two rice varieties PR-115 and Super-7 were imposed to water stress and different physiological traits were monitored to evaluate the performance of these varieties under drought. Under water stress condition although the relative water content, osmotic potential, chlorophyll content, photosynthesis rate, carbon discrimination and biomass decreased in both the varieties however, the reduction was more pronounced in Super-7 variety. Oryzanol a trans-ester of ferulic acid functions as antioxidant and it increased along with total phenolic and anthocyanin content in both the varieties under drought stress...
January 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231527/rapid-discrimination-and-determination-of-antibiotics-drugs-in-plastic-syringes-using-near-infrared-spectroscopy-with-chemometric-analysis-application-to-amoxicillin-and-penicillin
#18
Laetitia Minh Mai Lê, Luc Eveleigh, Ikram Hasnaoui, Patrice Prognon, Arlette Baillet-Guffroy, Eric Caudron
The aim of this study was to investigate near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined to chemometric analysis to discriminate and quantify three antibiotics by direct measurement in plastic syringes.Solutions of benzylpenicillin (PENI), amoxicillin (AMOX) and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (AMOX/CLAV) were analyzed at therapeutic concentrations in glass vials and plastic syringes with NIR spectrometer by direct measurement. Chemometric analysis using partial least squares regression and discriminative analysis was conducted to develop qualitative and quantitative calibration models...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231162/phenolic-pro%C3%AF-le-and-antioxidant-activity-of-melon-cucumis-melo-l-seeds-from-pakistan
#19
Alam Zeb
Phenolic composition of different extracts of honeydew melon seeds and their antioxidant activity was determined for the first time. Phenolic compounds were identified using a reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) method. Results showed the identification of five phenolic compounds in water extract namely gallic acid and its derivative, hydroxybenzoic acid and catechin derivatives and caffeic acid.There were nine phenolic compounds identified in methanol-water extract, which are caffeic acid, two vanillic acid derivatives, ellagitanins, quercetin-3-rutinoside, derivatives of syringic acid and ellagic acid...
October 17, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216553/an-improved-syringe-agroinfiltration-protocol-to-enhance-transformation-efficiency-by-combinative-use-of-5-azacytidine-ascorbate-acid-and-tween-20
#20
Huimin Zhao, Zilong Tan, Xuejing Wen, Yucheng Wang
Syringe infiltration is an important transient transformation method that is widely used in many molecular studies. Owing to the wide use of syringe agroinfiltration, it is important and necessary to improve its transformation efficiency. Here, we studied the factors influencing the transformation efficiency of syringe agroinfiltration. The pCAMBIA1301 was transformed into Nicotiana benthamiana leaves for investigation. The effects of 5-azacytidine (AzaC), Ascorbate acid (ASC) and Tween-20 on transformation were studied...
February 14, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
keyword
keyword
63548
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"