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8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909452/the-levels-of-cortisol-and-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-child-and-adolescent-victims-of-sexual-abuse-with-or-without-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Şeref Şimşek, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Cem Uysal, Hüseyin Aktaş
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether cortisol and oxidative stress levels and DNA damage differ between individuals who developed PTSD or not following a sexual trauma. METHODS: The study included 61 children aged between 5 and 17 years who sustained sexual abuse (M/F: 18/43). The patients were divided into two groups: patients with PTSD and patients without PTSD based, based on the results of a structured psychiatric interview (K-SADS-PL and CAPS-CA)...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906110/failed-upregulation-of-tfam-protein-and-mitochondrial-dna-in-oxidatively-deficient-fibers-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-locomotor-muscle
#2
Yana Konokhova, Sally Spendiff, R Thomas Jagoe, Sudhakar Aare, Sophia Kapchinsky, Norah J MacMillan, Paul Rozakis, Martin Picard, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre, Charlotte H Pion, Jean Bourbeau, Russell T Hepple, Tanja Taivassalo
BACKGROUND: Low mitochondrial content and oxidative capacity are well-established features of locomotor muscle dysfunction, a prevalent and debilitating systemic occurrence in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although the exact cause is not firmly established, physical inactivity and oxidative stress are among the proposed underlying mechanisms. Here, we assess the impact of COPD pathophysiology on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) integrity, biogenesis, and cellular oxidative capacity in locomotor muscle of COPD patients and healthy controls...
February 18, 2016: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896921/effect-of-iron-supplementation-during-lactation-on-maternal-iron-status-and-oxidative-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Josh M Jorgensen, Zhenyu Yang, Bo Lönnerdal, Caroline J Chantry, Kathryn G Dewey
We examined the effect of iron-containing prenatal vitamin-mineral supplements taken postpartum on biomarkers of iron status and oxidative stress. Lactating women (n = 114) were randomly assigned to consume daily one iron-free prenatal vitamin-mineral supplement plus either 27 mg of iron or placebo for approximately 3.5 months. The placebo group took the tablets between meals, while those given iron took the tablets either with (Fe-W) or between meals (Fe-B). Blood and urine samples were collected before and after the supplementation period to analyze hemoglobin (Hb), ferritin, hepcidin, transferrin saturation (TfSat), total plasma iron, and biomarkers of oxidative stress (isoprostane and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG)) and inflammation (C-reactive protein (CRP) and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP))...
November 29, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896629/remote-limb-ischemic-preconditioning-protects-rats-against-cerebral-ischemia-via-hif-1%C3%AE-ampk-hsp70-pathway
#4
Ming Xia, Qian Ding, Zhidan Zhang, Qinggen Feng
Remote limb ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a clinically feasible strategy to protect against ischemia/reperfusion injury, but the knowledge concerning the mechanism underlying RIPC is scarce. This study was performed to examine the effect of RIPC on brain tissue suffering from ischemia challenge and explore its underlying mechanism in a rat model. The animals were divided into four groups: Sham, middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), RIPC, and MCAO+RIPC. We found that previous exposure to RIPC significantly attenuated neurological dysfunction and lessened brain edema in MCAO+RIPC group...
November 28, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886567/evaluation-of-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-and-nfkb-activation-oxidative-stress-response-acetylcholinesterase-activity-and-histopathological-changes-in-rainbow-trout-brain-exposed-to-linuron
#5
Ahmet Topal, Gonca Alak, Serdar Altun, Hüseyin Serkan Erol, Muhammed Atamanalp
Linuron is a widely used herbicide to control grasses and annual broad leaf weeds. It is known that linuron has toxic effects on different organisms. However, the toxic effects of linuron on aquatic organisms, especially fish, is completely unknown. Thus, we aimed to investigate changes in 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and nuclear factor kappa B (NFkB) activity, histopathological changes, antioxidant responses and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in rainbow trout brain after exposure to linuron. Fish were exposed to 30μg/L, 120μg/L and 240μg/L concentrations of linuron for twenty-one days...
November 13, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836571/effect-of-acrylamide-induced-neurotoxicity-in-a-primary-astrocytes-microglial-co-culture-model
#6
Mengyao Zhao, Fu Sheng Lewis Wang, Xiao Song Hu, Fang Chen, Hing Man Chan
Acrylamide (AA),is acommon food contaminant generated by heat processing. Astrocytes and microglia are the two major glial cell types in the brain that play pivotal but different roles in maintaining optimal brain function. The objective of this study is to investigate the neurotoxicity of AA, using a primary astrocytes/microglia co-culture model. Co-cultural cells obtained from Balb/c mice were cultured and treated with 0-1.0mM AA for 24-96h. Cell viability, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, oxidative end produces formation and glutathione (GSH) levels were measured...
November 8, 2016: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816939/o-glcnacylation-of-ogg1-impairs-oxidative-mitochondrial-dna-lesion-repair-in-diabetic-hearts
#7
Federico Cividini, Brian T Scott, Anzhi Dai, Wenlong Han, Jorge Suarez, Julieta Diaz-Juarez, Tanja Diemer, Darren E Casteel, Wolfgang H Dillmann
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage in cardiac myocytes resulting from increased oxidative stress is emerging as an important factor in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy. A prevalent lesion that occurs in mtDNA damage is the formation of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), which can cause mutations if not repaired properly by 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (Ogg1). Although the mtDNA repair machinery has been described in cardiac myocytes, the regulation of this repair has been incompletely investigated...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803873/decreased-paraoxonase1-activity-and-increased-malondialdehyde-and-oxidative-dna-damage-levels-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#8
Ugur Yilmaz Mumcu, Ibrahim Kocer, Orhan Ates, H Hakan Alp
To investigate the malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, paraoxonase1 (PON1) activity and 8-hydroxy 2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels in the primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patient. Blood samples from 52 healthy individuals and 53 patients with POAG were analyzed for MDA and 8-OHdG by HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography) and PON1 by spectrophotometry. The data obtained were analyzed statistically. MDA levels were 10.46±8.4 and 4.70±1.79 µmol; PON1 levels were 121±39.55 and 161.62±60.22 U/mL; and 8-OHdG values were 1...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765036/short-term-markers-of-dna-damage-among-roofers-who-work-with-hot-asphalt
#9
Berrin Serdar, Stephen Brindley, Greg Dooley, John Volckens, Elizabeth Juarez-Colunga, Ryan Gan
BACKGROUND: Roofers are at increased risk for various malignancies and their occupational exposures to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been considered as important risk factors. The overall goal of this project was to investigate the usefulness of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX) as a short-term biomarker of DNA damage among roofers. METHODS: Blood, urine, and dermal wipe samples were collected from 20 roofers who work with hot asphalt before and after 6 h of work on Monday and Thursday of the same week (4 sampling periods)...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751791/interaction-of-homocysteine-glutathione-and-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-in-metabolic-syndrome-progression
#10
E G Butkowski, H A Al-Aubaidy, H F Jelinek
PURPOSE: The role of homocysteine (Hcy) and associated oxidative stress processes in the metabolic syndrome (MetS) continuum has not been explored extensively. Changes in Hcy and associated oxidative stress in relation to the number of metabolic syndrome factors present are explored in this study. METHOD: Participants (n=266) attending a rural diabetes screening clinic had their medical history recorded as well as body mass index, Hcy, glucose, cholesterol, glutathione (GSH), and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) measured...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748315/melatonin-ameliorates-the-adverse-effects-of-leptin-on-sperm
#11
Fayez A Almabhouh, Khairul Osman, Siti Fatimah Ibrahim, Sergey Gupalo, Justin Gnanou, Effendi Ibrahim, Harbindar Jeet Singh
This study examined the effects of melatonin on leptin-induced changes in sperm parameters in adult rats. Five groups of Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with either leptin or leptin and melatonin or melatonin for 6 weeks. Leptin was given daily via the intraperitoneal route (60 μg kg-1 body weight) and melatonin was given in drinking water (10 mg kg-1 or 20 mg kg-1 body weight per day). Upon completion, sperm count, sperm morphology, 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine, Comet assay, TUNEL assay, gene expression profiles of antioxidant enzymes, respiratory chain reaction enzymes, DNA damage, and apoptosis genes were estimated...
October 14, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676390/long-term-moderate-oxidative-stress-decreased-ovarian-reproductive-function-by-reducing-follicle-quality-and-progesterone-production
#12
Liangyan Shi, Jinjin Zhang, Zhiwen Lai, Yong Tian, Li Fang, Meng Wu, Jiaqiang Xiong, Xian Qin, Aiyue Luo, Shixuan Wang
Ovarian aging is a long-term and complex process associated with a decrease in follicular quantity and quality. The damaging effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in ovarian aging and ovarian aging-associated disorders have received relatively little attention. Thus, we assessed if the oxidative stress induced by long-term (defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as at least 30 days in duration) moderate ozone inhalation reduced ovarian reserves, decreased ovarian function and induced ovarian aging-associated disorders...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665283/pterostilbene-attenuates-early-brain-injury-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-via-inhibition-of-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-and-nox2-related-oxidative-stress
#13
Haixiao Liu, Lei Zhao, Liang Yue, Bodong Wang, Xia Li, Hao Guo, Yihui Ma, Chen Yao, Li Gao, Jianping Deng, Lihong Li, Dayun Feng, Yan Qu
Pterostilbene (PTE), one of the polyphenols present in plants such as blueberries and grapes, has been suggested to have various effects, such as anti-oxidation, anti-apoptosis, and anti-cancer effects. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a severe neurological event known for its high morbidity and mortality. Recently, early brain injury (EBI) has been reported to play a significant role in the prognosis of patients with SAH. The present study aimed to investigate whether PTE could attenuate EBI after SAH was induced in C57BL/6 J mice...
September 24, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568862/coagulin-l-ameliorates-tlr4-induced-oxidative-damage-and-immune-response-by-regulating-mitochondria-and-nox-derived-ros
#14
Sukka Santosh Reddy, Parul Chauhan, Preeti Maurya, Deepika Saini, Prem Prakash Yadav, Manoj Kumar Barthwal
Withanolides possess diverse biological and pharmacological activity but their immunomodulatory function is less realized. Hence, coagulin-L, a withanolide isolated from Withania coagulans Dunal has been studied for such an effect in human and murine cells, and mice model. Coagulin-L (1, 3, 10μM) exhibited immunomodulatory effect by suppressing TLR4 induced immune mediators such as cytokines (GMCSF, IFNα, IFNγ, IL-1α, IL-1Rα, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-2R, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-10, IL-12 (p40/p70), IL-13, IL-15, IL-17), chemokines (IL-8/CXCL8, MIG/CXCL9, IP-10/CXCL10, KC, MCP-1/CCL2, MIP-1α/CCL3, MIP-1β/CCL4, RANTES/CCL5, eotaxin/CCL11), growth factors (FGF-basic, VEGF), nitric oxide and intracellular superoxide...
October 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566551/evaluating-oxidative-stress-serological-and-haematological-status-of-dogs-suffering-from-osteoarthritis-after-supplementing-their-diet-with-fish-or-corn-oil
#15
Stella Maria Barrouin-Melo, Johanna Anturaniemi, Satu Sankari, Mikko Griinari, Faik Atroshi, Sakaewan Ounjaijean, Anna Katrina Hielm-Björkman
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of disease, and the antioxidant physiological effect of omega-3 from fish oil may lead to improvement of canine spontaneous osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: In this prospective randomized, controlled, double-blinded study, we assessed haematological and biochemical parameters in dogs with OA following supplementation with either a concentrated omega-3 deep sea fish oil product or corn oil. Blood samples from 77 client-owned dogs diagnosed as having OA were taken before (baseline) and 16 weeks after having orally ingested 0...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555551/inhalation-of-water-electrolysis-derived-hydrogen-ameliorates-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats-a-possible-new-hydrogen-resource-for-clinical-use
#16
Jin Cui, Xiao Chen, Xiao Zhai, Dongchen Shi, Rongjia Zhang, Xin Zhi, Xiaoqun Li, Zhengrong Gu, Liehu Cao, Weizong Weng, Jun Zhang, Liping Wang, Xuejun Sun, Fang Ji, Jiong Hou, Jiacan Su
Hydrogen is a kind of noble gas with the character to selectively neutralize reactive oxygen species. Former researches proved that low-concentration of hydrogen can be used to ameliorating cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Hydrogen electrolyzed from water has a hydrogen concentration of 66.7%, which is much higher than that used in previous studies. And water electrolysis is a potential new hydrogen resource for regular clinical use. This study was designed and carried out for the determination of safety and neuroprotective effects of water electrolysis-derived hydrogen...
October 29, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531015/prenatal-dexamethasone-exposure-programs-the-development-of-the-pancreas-and-the-secretion-of-insulin-in-rats
#17
Yu-Chieh Chen, Ying-Hua Huang, Jiunn-Ming Sheen, You-Lin Tain, Hong-Ren Yu, Chih-Cheng Chen, Miao-Meng Tiao, Ho-Chang Kuo, Li-Tung Huang
BACKGROUND: There is increasing epidemiological evidence indicating that many chronic diseases originate during early life, even before birth, through what are termed fetal programming effects. Prenatal glucocorticoid is frequently used clinically to accelerate the maturation of the lung, but its long-term effects remain unclear. METHODS: We gave pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats either intraperitoneal dexamethasone (0.1 mg/kg body weight) or vehicle at Gestational Days 14-20 and assessed the effects to pancreas at Postnatal Days 7 and 120...
June 18, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491893/concurrent-quantification-of-multiple-biomarkers-indicative-of-oxidative-stress-status-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#18
Charlene Wu, Shu-Ting Chen, Kui-Han Peng, Tsun-Jen Cheng, Kuen-Yuh Wu
8-Hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 8-nitroguanine (8-NO2Gua), 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-IsoPGF2α), and N-acetyl-S-(tetrahydro-5-hydroxy-2-pentyl-3-furanyl)-L-cysteine (HNE-MA) are well-studied and representative biomarkers for oxidative DNA damage, inflammation, and lipid peroxidation; all of which have been associated with increases in risks of various diseases and cancers. A rapid and highly sensitive isotope-dilution liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to simultaneously quantify the aforementioned biomarkers in urine...
November 1, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488221/administration-of-pure-ergothioneine-to-healthy-human-subjects-uptake-metabolism-and-effects-on-biomarkers-of-oxidative-damage-and-inflammation
#19
Irwin K Cheah, Richard Tang, Terry S Z Yew, Keith H S Lim, Barry Halliwell
AIM: We investigated the uptake and pharmacokinetics of ergothioneine (ET), a dietary thione with free radical scavenging and cytoprotective capabilities, after oral administration to humans, and its effect on biomarkers of oxidative damage and inflammation. RESULTS: Following oral administration, ET is avidly absorbed and retained by the body with significant elevations in plasma and whole blood concentrations, and relatively low urinary excretion (less than 4% of administered ET)...
August 3, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455806/-iron-and-liver-disease
#20
Koji Miyanishi, Junji Kato
Free iron in the liver is believed to facilitate the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), including hydroxyl radicals (*OH), which cause oxidative damage of numerous cellular components such as lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids, and also upregulate collagen synthesis. The *OH radical is known to generate promutagenic bases such as 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). In cases with chronic hepatitis C, long-term iron reduction therapy reduced the activity of hepatitis, suppressed fibrosis, and prevented hepatocarcinogenesis...
July 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
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