Read by QxMD icon Read


E G Butkowski, H A Al-Aubaidy, H F Jelinek
PURPOSE: The role of homocysteine (Hcy) and associated oxidative stress processes in the metabolic syndrome (MetS) continuum has not been explored extensively. Changes in Hcy and associated oxidative stress in relation to the number of metabolic syndrome factors present are explored in this study. METHOD: Participants (n=266) attending a rural diabetes screening clinic had their medical history recorded as well as body mass index, Hcy, glucose, cholesterol, glutathione (GSH), and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) measured...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
Fayez A Almabhouh, Khairul Osman, Siti Fatimah Ibrahim, Sergey Gupalo, Justin Gnanou, Effendi Ibrahim, Harbindar Jeet Singh
This study examined the effects of melatonin on leptin-induced changes in sperm parameters in adult rats. Five groups of Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with either leptin or leptin and melatonin or melatonin for 6 weeks. Leptin was given daily via the intraperitoneal route (60 μg kg-1 body weight) and melatonin was given in drinking water (10 mg kg-1 or 20 mg kg-1 body weight per day). Upon completion, sperm count, sperm morphology, 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine, Comet assay, TUNEL assay, gene expression profiles of antioxidant enzymes, respiratory chain reaction enzymes, DNA damage, and apoptosis genes were estimated...
October 14, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Liangyan Shi, Jinjin Zhang, Zhiwen Lai, Yong Tian, Li Fang, Meng Wu, Jiaqiang Xiong, Xian Qin, Aiyue Luo, Shixuan Wang
Ovarian aging is a long-term and complex process associated with a decrease in follicular quantity and quality. The damaging effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in ovarian aging and ovarian aging-associated disorders have received relatively little attention. Thus, we assessed if the oxidative stress induced by long-term (defined by the Environmental Protection Agency as at least 30 days in duration) moderate ozone inhalation reduced ovarian reserves, decreased ovarian function and induced ovarian aging-associated disorders...
2016: PloS One
Haixiao Liu, Lei Zhao, Liang Yue, Bodong Wang, Xia Li, Hao Guo, Yihui Ma, Chen Yao, Li Gao, Jianping Deng, Lihong Li, Dayun Feng, Yan Qu
Pterostilbene (PTE), one of the polyphenols present in plants such as blueberries and grapes, has been suggested to have various effects, such as anti-oxidation, anti-apoptosis, and anti-cancer effects. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a severe neurological event known for its high morbidity and mortality. Recently, early brain injury (EBI) has been reported to play a significant role in the prognosis of patients with SAH. The present study aimed to investigate whether PTE could attenuate EBI after SAH was induced in C57BL/6 J mice...
September 24, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Sukka Santosh Reddy, Parul Chauhan, Preeti Maurya, Deepika Saini, Prem Prakash Yadav, Manoj Kumar Barthwal
Withanolides possess diverse biological and pharmacological activity but their immunomodulatory function is less realized. Hence, coagulin-L, a withanolide isolated from Withania coagulans Dunal has been studied for such an effect in human and murine cells, and mice model. Coagulin-L (1, 3, 10μM) exhibited immunomodulatory effect by suppressing TLR4 induced immune mediators such as cytokines (GMCSF, IFNα, IFNγ, IL-1α, IL-1Rα, IL-1β, IL-2, IL-2R, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-10, IL-12 (p40/p70), IL-13, IL-15, IL-17), chemokines (IL-8/CXCL8, MIG/CXCL9, IP-10/CXCL10, KC, MCP-1/CCL2, MIP-1α/CCL3, MIP-1β/CCL4, RANTES/CCL5, eotaxin/CCL11), growth factors (FGF-basic, VEGF), nitric oxide and intracellular superoxide...
October 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Stella Maria Barrouin-Melo, Johanna Anturaniemi, Satu Sankari, Mikko Griinari, Faik Atroshi, Sakaewan Ounjaijean, Anna Katrina Hielm-Björkman
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of disease, and the antioxidant physiological effect of omega-3 from fish oil may lead to improvement of canine spontaneous osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: In this prospective randomized, controlled, double-blinded study, we assessed haematological and biochemical parameters in dogs with OA following supplementation with either a concentrated omega-3 deep sea fish oil product or corn oil. Blood samples from 77 client-owned dogs diagnosed as having OA were taken before (baseline) and 16 weeks after having orally ingested 0...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Jin Cui, Xiao Chen, Xiao Zhai, Dongchen Shi, Rongjia Zhang, Xin Zhi, Xiaoqun Li, Zhengrong Gu, Liehu Cao, Weizong Weng, Jun Zhang, Liping Wang, Xuejun Sun, Fang Ji, Jiong Hou, Jiacan Su
Hydrogen is a kind of noble gas with the character to selectively neutralize reactive oxygen species. Former researches proved that low-concentration of hydrogen can be used to ameliorating cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Hydrogen electrolyzed from water has a hydrogen concentration of 66.7%, which is much higher than that used in previous studies. And water electrolysis is a potential new hydrogen resource for regular clinical use. This study was designed and carried out for the determination of safety and neuroprotective effects of water electrolysis-derived hydrogen...
October 29, 2016: Neuroscience
Yu-Chieh Chen, Ying-Hua Huang, Jiunn-Ming Sheen, You-Lin Tain, Hong-Ren Yu, Chih-Cheng Chen, Miao-Meng Tiao, Ho-Chang Kuo, Li-Tung Huang
BACKGROUND: There is increasing epidemiological evidence indicating that many chronic diseases originate during early life, even before birth, through what are termed fetal programming effects. Prenatal glucocorticoid is frequently used clinically to accelerate the maturation of the lung, but its long-term effects remain unclear. METHODS: We gave pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats either intraperitoneal dexamethasone (0.1 mg/kg body weight) or vehicle at Gestational Days 14-20 and assessed the effects to pancreas at Postnatal Days 7 and 120...
June 18, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Charlene Wu, Shu-Ting Chen, Kui-Han Peng, Tsun-Jen Cheng, Kuen-Yuh Wu
8-Hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), 8-nitroguanine (8-NO2Gua), 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-IsoPGF2α), and N-acetyl-S-(tetrahydro-5-hydroxy-2-pentyl-3-furanyl)-L-cysteine (HNE-MA) are well-studied and representative biomarkers for oxidative DNA damage, inflammation, and lipid peroxidation; all of which have been associated with increases in risks of various diseases and cancers. A rapid and highly sensitive isotope-dilution liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed to simultaneously quantify the aforementioned biomarkers in urine...
November 1, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
Irwin K Cheah, Richard Tang, Terry S Z Yew, Keith H S Lim, Barry Halliwell
AIM: We investigated the uptake and pharmacokinetics of ergothioneine (ET), a dietary thione with free radical scavenging and cytoprotective capabilities, after oral administration to humans, and its effect on biomarkers of oxidative damage and inflammation. RESULTS: Following oral administration, ET is avidly absorbed and retained by the body with significant elevations in plasma and whole blood concentrations, and relatively low urinary excretion (less than 4% of administered ET)...
August 3, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Koji Miyanishi, Junji Kato
Free iron in the liver is believed to facilitate the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), including hydroxyl radicals (*OH), which cause oxidative damage of numerous cellular components such as lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids, and also upregulate collagen synthesis. The *OH radical is known to generate promutagenic bases such as 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). In cases with chronic hepatitis C, long-term iron reduction therapy reduced the activity of hepatitis, suppressed fibrosis, and prevented hepatocarcinogenesis...
July 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Yang Yu, Yang Jiao, Bo Li, Xiaoye Ma, Tao Yang, Keliang Xie, Yonghao Yu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of hydrogen (H2) on high glucose-induced poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) dependent cell death (PARthanatos) in primary rat Schwann cells. METHODS: Cultured primary rat Schwann cells were randomly divided into five groups: blank control group (C group), H2 control group (H2 group), high osmotic control group (M group), high glucose treatment group (HG group), and H2 treatment group (HG+H2 group)...
August 2016: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Franz Suter, Daniel Schmid, Franziska Wandrey, Fred Zülli
The cosmetic industry requires more and more expensive actives and ingredients such as retinol, coenzyme Q10, proteins, peptides and biotechnologically produced molecules. In this study, we demonstrate the development of a cost effective formulation of a nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) or solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) improving peptide delivery into skin. NLC or SLN are very suitable vehicles for the delivery of active ingredients into skin. The SLN, produced by using hot high pressure homogenization method combine advantages such as physical stability, protection of incorporated labile actives and controlled release...
June 23, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Xiao R Sun, Hui Zhang, Hong T Zhao, Mu H Ji, Hui H Li, Jing Wu, Kuan Y Li, Jian J Yang
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric disease following exposure to a severe traumatic event or physiological stress, which is characterized by anxiety- and depression-like behaviors and cognitive impairment. However, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Parvalbumin (PV) interneurons that are susceptible to oxidative stress are a subset of inhibitory GABAergic neurons regulating the excitability of pyramidal neurons, while dysfunction of PV interneurons is casually linked to many mental disorders including PTSD...
October 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Herbert F Jelinek, Andrew Stranieri, Andrew Yatsko, Sitalakshmi Venkatraman
Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is being more commonly used as an alternative test for the identification of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or to add to fasting blood glucose level and oral glucose tolerance test results, because it is easily obtained using point-of-care technology and represents long-term blood sugar levels. HbA1c cut-off values of 6.5% or above have been recommended for clinical use based on the presence of diabetic comorbidities from population studies. However, outcomes of large trials with a HbA1c of 6...
August 1, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Artur Niedzwiedz, Hieronim Borowicz, Lidia Januszewska, Iwona Markiewicz-Gorka, Zbigniew Jaworski
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that equine recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) is a state of oxidative stress. Oxidant-antioxidant imbalance is known to increase the conversion of deoxyguanosine to 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in DNA. 8-OHdG can easily be measured using ELISA tests in serum or urine samples. In this study, we analysed serum 8-OHdG levels in horses with recurrent airway obstruction and in healthy controls. RESULTS: The study material consisted of seven healthy horses and seven horses with symptomatic RAO...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Chung-Ching Wang, Wei-Liang Chen, Chien-Ming Lin, Ching-Huang Lai, Ching-Hui Loh, Hong-I Chen, Saou-Hsing Liou
Although 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is a widely used promising biomarker of DNA damage, there are concerns about which tissues or body fluids should be sampled. The objective of this study is to evaluate the correlation of DNA oxidative damage biomarkers, 8-OHdG, between blood and urine and risk factors associated with 8OHdG. The study population was recruited from a baseline survey of a worksite lifestyle study including 92 office workers aged 23 to 60 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on personal characteristics...
September 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lin Liu, Qinglei Sun, Ruobing Wang, Zeli Chen, Jiangchun Wu, Fangzhou Xia, Xian-Qun Fan
Retinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) may cause incurable visual impairment due to neural regeneration limits. Methane was shown to exert a protective effect against IRI in many organs. This study aims to explore the possible protective effects of methane-rich saline against retinal IRI in rat. Retinal IRI was performed on the right eyes of male Sprague-Dawley rats, which were immediately injected intraperitoneally with methane-saturated saline (25ml/kg). At one week after surgery, the number of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), total retinal thickness, visual function were measured by hematoxylin and eosin staining, FluoroGold anterograde labeling and flash visual evoked potentials...
September 1, 2016: Brain Research
Jingjing Zhang, Jianan Bao, Renying Wang, Zhou Geng, Yao Chen, Xinchun Liu, Yongzhong Xie, Ling Jiang, Yufei Deng, Gaolin Liu, Rong Xu, Liyan Miao
This multi-centered study was designed to evaluate the biological effects of exposure to antineoplastic drugs (ADs) at PIVAS (Pharmacy Intravenous Admixture Service) across ten Chinese hospitals. 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) was used as a biomarker of DNA oxidative damage and lymphocyte apoptosis assays using peripheral lymphocyte cells were used to detect primary DNA damage. The mutagenicity activity was estimated with the Ames fluctuation test. 158 exposed and 143 unexposed workers participated in this study...
September 5, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Asim Kart, Evren Koc, Kezban Yildiz Dalginli, Canan Gulmez, Mustafa Sertcelik, Onur Atakisi
Hexavalent chromium Cr (VI) causes various toxic and carcinogenic effects. The main carcinogenic effect is observed in the pulmonary system through inhalation route. Reduction of Cr (VI) to Cr (V, IV, and III) reactive intermediates within the cells by intracellular reducing agents such as glutathione is an important event leading to oxidative stress and oxidative DNA damage. This study evaluated the effects of intraperitoneal administration of Cr (VI) and GSH on total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), oxidative stress index, and oxidative DNA damage by evaluating the level of 8-hydroxy-2́-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in Swiss-Albino mice...
May 11, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"