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Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in children

M Oviedo Gutiérrez, S Amat Valero, A Gómez Farpón, C Montalvo Ávalos, L Fernández García, D C Lara Cárdenas, S Barnes Marañón, C Granell Suárez, N Vega Mata, A J López López, M González Guerrero, V Álvarez Muñoz
PURPOSE: Gastrointestinal adenomyoma is a rare benign tumor most frequently located in the stomach. The differential diagnosis is wide because of its large clinical spectrum and unspecific radiological findings. Surgical excision is both diagnostic and therapeutic. CASE REPORT: A 49-days old girl presented with nonbilious vomiting of 48 hours of evolution. Infantile hypertrofic pyloric stenosis was suspected. Ultrasound showed a nonobstructive nodular lesion in the anterior pyloric wall...
April 20, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Shin Miyata, Jayun Cho, Kazuhide Matsushima, Aaron Fowler, David W Bliss
PURPOSE: This study aims to compare the outcomes of pyloromyotomy for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) in children with and without congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A retrospective, single pediatric center, case-control, matched cohort study was performed over 10years. A case of IHPS with CHD was paired with control patients of IHPS without CHD, matched by age and gender. Perioperative morbidity, 30-day mortality, length of hospital stay, and hospital cost were compared...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jianfeng Fan, Yingzuo Shi, Ming Cheng, Xiaomin Zhu, Dafeng Wang
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy and safety of treating idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis with sequential therapy (ST). METHODS: From January 2010 to June 2013, 49 children with idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis were divided into two groups to accept either atropine ST (ST group, n = 26) or laparoscopic surgery (operation group, n = 23). The remission rate of vomiting, complications, hospital stay and medical expenditure were compared between the two groups...
July 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Justin B Mahida, Lindsey Asti, Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci, Jonathan I Groner
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of laparoscopic versus open pyloromyotomy on postoperative length of stay (LOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 2013 National Surgical Quality Improvement Project Pediatric database was queried for all cases of pyloromyotomy performed on children <1year old with congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Demographics, clinical, and perioperative characteristics for patients with and without a prolonged postoperative LOS, defined as >1day, were compared...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Davoud Badebarin, Saeid Aslanabadi, Fereshteh Yazdanpanah, Sina Zarrintan
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders during early infancy, with an incidence of 1-2:1000 live births in the world. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between radiologic findings and eradication of symptoms after pyloromyotomy in HPS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five (102 boys and 23 girls) patients with suspected infantile HPS were treated surgically by Ramstedt pyloromyotomy between March 21, 2004 and March 20, 2014 at paediatric surgery ward of Tabriz Children's Hospital, Iran...
April 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Arvid Yung, Arlyne Thung, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: During the perioperative care of infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, an opioid-sparing technique is often advocated due to concerns such as postoperative hypoventilation and apnea. Although the rectal administration of acetaminophen is commonly employed, an intravenous (IV) preparation is also currently available, but only limited data are available regarding IV acetaminophen use for infants undergoing pyloromyotomy. The objective of the current study was to compare the efficacy of IV and rectal acetaminophen for postoperative analgesia in infants undergoing laparoscopic pyloromyotomy...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Hamdi Hameed AlMaramhy
Literature about the association between clinical and laboratory presentation and pyloric muscle thickness in infants with pyloric stenosis is lacking. The objective of this study is to examine the effect of pyloric muscle thickness on clinical and laboratory presentation in infants with pyloric stenosis. Thirty infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis presented at the Maternity and Children Hospital, Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia, were included in this study analysis. Clinical and laboratory data of these infants were recorded...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Brian G A Dalton, Katherine W Gonzalez, Sushanth R Boda, Priscilla G Thomas, Ashley K Sherman, Shawn D St Peter
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is the most common diagnosis requiring surgery in infants. Electrolytes are used as a marker of resuscitation for these patients prior to general anesthesia induction. Often multiple fluid boluses and electrolyte panels are needed, delaying operative intervention. We have attempted to predict the amount of IV fluid boluses needed for electrolyte correction based on initial values. METHODS: A single center retrospective review of all patients diagnosed with HPS from 2008 through 2014 was performed...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
S Sánchez García, D Rubio Solís, G Anes González, S González Sánchez
Gastric adenomyomas are extremely uncommon benign tumors in children. On histologic examination, these tumors have an epithelial component similar to pancreatic ducts. We present a case of a pyloric adenomyoma that clinically simulated hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in a newborn girl. Imaging tests, fundamentally magnetic resonance imaging, were very important in the characterization and diagnosis of this entity.
March 2016: Radiología
Phillipo L Chalya, Mange Manyama, Neema M Kayange, Joseph B Mabula, Alicia Massenga
BACKGROUND: Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is the most common cause of gastric outlet obstruction in infants. There is paucity of published data regarding this condition in our setting. This study describes the clinical presentation, mode of treatment and outcome of treatment of this disease and identifies factors responsible for poor outcome of these patients. METHODS: This was a descriptive retrospective study of infants with HPS admitted to Bugando Medical Centre and subsequently underwent surgery between February 2009 and January 2014...
2015: BMC Research Notes
Deidre L Wyrick, Samuel D Smith, Jeffrey M Burford, Christopher J Swearingen, Melvin S Dassinger
PURPOSE: Rapid assessment of volume status in children is often difficult. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of surgeon-performed ultrasound to assess volume status in patients with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. METHODS: Ultrasounds were performed on admission and before operation. The diameters of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and aorta (Ao) were measured and IVC/Ao ratios were calculated. Electrolytes were measured on admission and repeated if warranted...
December 2015: Pediatric Surgery International
Christopher M Stark, Philip L Rogers, Matthew D Eberly, Cade M Nylund
BACKGROUND: Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) has several known risk factors. The association between prematurity and IHPS and the timeline of presentation are poorly defined. Our aim was to evaluate the associations between IHPS and prematurity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 1,074,236 children born between June 2001 and April 2012 in the US Military Health System. IHPS cases and gestational ages (GA) were identified using billing codes...
August 2015: Pediatric Research
Matthew D Eberly, Matilda B Eide, Jennifer L Thompson, Cade M Nylund
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Use of oral erythromycin in infants is associated with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). The risk with azithromycin remains unknown. We evaluated the association between exposure to oral azithromycin and erythromycin and subsequent development of IHPS. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of children born between 2001 and 2012 was performed utilizing the military health system database. Infants prescribed either oral erythromycin or azithromycin as outpatients in the first 90 days of life were evaluated for development of IHPS...
March 2015: Pediatrics
Ashar Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Aslam Yousaf, Muhammad Ashraf
BACKGROUND: Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is a common cause of gastric outlet obstruction in infants. This study was conducted to identify the accuracy of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of infantile Hypertrophic pyloric Stenosis. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Department of Paediatric Surgery, Children Hospital Complex & the Institute of Child Health, Multan during two year period from 1st July, 2010 to 30t of June, 2012...
July 2014: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
O J Muensterer
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia repair and pyloromyotomy are among the most common operations performed on children. In the last two decades minimally invasive surgery has been employed for an increasing number of these procedures. This review describes the development of the techniques involved, and their current role in therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the paediatric surgical literature since 1990 was performed on laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and pyloromyotomy...
December 2014: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Faustin Félicien Mouafo Tambo, Irène Nadine Kouna Tsala, Marcelin Ngowe Ngowe, Gervais Andze Ondobo, Maurice Aurelien Sosso
Based on evidence from two collected and treated clinical observations of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in children of 5 and 12 months of age, the authors give their point of view on the unresolved issue of the etiology of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. They emphasize that there are more and more factors to prove this is an acquired condition.
2014: SpringerPlus
Vijaya Kancherla, Charlotte M Druschel, Godfrey P Oakley
BACKGROUND: The lifetime risk of death among individuals with spina bifida is 10-times higher compared with the general population. A population-based analysis on cause-specific mortality among individuals spina bifida is lacking. METHODS: Using statewide, population-based New York Congenital Malformations Registry, we examined all births between years 1983 and 2006, and identified 1988 births with spina bifida and 10,951 births with congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (CHPS)...
August 2014: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
S Perdereau, F Touzot, L Robin, C Hébert, F Monceaux, G Dimitrov
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is a common affection in infants aged 3-8 weeks and typically does not affect older children. We report a case of pyloric stenosis that occurred recurrently at the ages of 3 and 7 years in a boy with X-linked chronic granulomatous disease. We emphasize the inflammatory origin of such stenosis, whose progression was favorable thanks exclusively to drug treatment with corticosteroids. We note that chronic granulomatous disease can affect the entire digestive tract, similar to inflammatory bowel disease in children...
December 2013: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Lu-Ting Peng, Rong Li, Wei-Hua Zhao, Yin-Hua Chen, Xiao-Mei Li, Meng-Ying Chen, Jia Cao, Xiao-Nan Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate nutritional risk and its relationship with clinical outcome in children hospitalized in the surgical department, and to provide a scientific basis for clinical nutrition management. METHODS: Nutritional risk screening was performed on 706 children hospitalized in the surgical department using the Screening Tool for Risk on Nutritional Status and Growth. The data on nutritional support during hospitalization, incidence of infectious complications, length of hospital stay, post operative length of hospital stay and total hospital expenses were recorded...
October 2013: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Seema Shah
The evaluation of the child with acute abdominal pain often poses as a diagnostic challenge due to the wide range of diagnoses. Surgical emergencies need to be rapidly identified and managed appropriately to minimize morbidity and mortality. Presenting symptoms, clinical examination, and laboratory findings can guide selection of diagnostic imaging. This article reviews common surgical causes of abdominal pain in children.
August 2013: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
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