keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148193/the-treatment-of-pyloric-stenosis-evolution-in-practice
#1
REVIEW
Kiarash Taghavi, Emma Powell, Bhaveshkumar Patel, Craig A McBride
Over the last hundred years, idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis has undergone an evolution in treatment, with subsequent improvements in outcome. Initially, it was treated by physicians with antispasmodics and various alternative feeding and resuscitation modalities. The evolution of surgical approaches led to a revolution in outcome, from almost certain death to complete cure. The progression of surgical and medical treatments is reviewed in this article until, ultimately, Ramstedt's pyloromyotomy is reached...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099348/transient-neonatal-myasthenia-gravis-with-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-coincidence-or-causation
#2
Aakash Pandita, Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Vallamsetty Leelakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043691/-analysis-of-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-size-does-matter
#3
Y González Ruiz, A Siles Hinojosa, N Álvarez García, R Fernández Atuán, P Bragagnini Rodríguez, J Elías Pollina
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the correlation between pyloric size and evolution of patients surgically treated for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We realized a retrospective study of 109 patients undergoing IHPS in 5 years. We analyzed by χ2 test if a correlation between evolution time, age and postoperative vomiting and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and pyloric muscle thickness (group A > 4.5 mm and group B ≤ 4...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030700/pyloric-stenosis-an-enigma-more-than-a-century-after-the-first-successful-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Yousef El-Gohary, Abdelhafeez Abdelhafeez, Elizabeth Paton, Ankush Gosain, Andrew J Murphy
Despite hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) being one of the most frequently treated pediatric surgical conditions, its etiology remains incompletely understood. We review the diagnosis and treatment of this condition with an emphasis on the evolution of surgical techniques that led to laparoscopic pyloromyotomy, the most frequently performed technique for HPS today. In addition, we review key developments in the understanding of HPS etiology and treatment, including the postulated etiology of work-induced hypertrophy of the pylorus, its association with prokinetic macrolide antibiotics, and the emerging role of atropine sulfate as a medical treatment for HPS or a rescue treatment for incomplete myotomy...
October 13, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901937/advances-in-paediatric-gastroenterology
#5
REVIEW
Paul K H Tam, Patrick H Y Chung, Shawn D St Peter, Christopher P Gayer, Henri R Ford, Greta C H Tam, Kenneth K Y Wong, Mikko P Pakarinen, Mark Davenport
Recent developments in paediatric gastrointestinal surgery have focused on minimally invasive surgery, the accumulation of high-quality clinical evidence, and scientific research. The benefits of minimally invasive surgery for common disorders like appendicitis and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis are all supported by good clinical evidence. Although minimally invasive surgery has been extended to neonatal surgery, it is difficult to establish its role for neonatal disorders such as oesophageal atresia and biliary atresia through clinical trials because of the rarity of these disorders...
September 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842652/application-of-color-doppler-ultrasound-combined-with-doppler-imaging-artifacts-in-the-diagnosis-and-estimate-of-congenital-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#6
Suihong Ma, Jianhua Liu, Youxiang Zhang, Yuwen Yang, Hai Jin, Xiaomei Ma, Hongqin Wei
Congenital Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis (CHPS) is a disease condition that is caused as a result of pylorus wall hypertrophy and hyperplasia. In this study, we used color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) and Doppler artifacts technique to observe the blood flow of hypertrophic pylorus tissue and the dynamic imaging of liquid passing through the pyloric canal in CHPS infants. 65 cases of CHPS infants and 50 infants without CHPS served as control group. We found that there were statistically significant differences between the blood flow grade of muscular layer and mucosal layer between CHPS and control infants, but no significant differences were observed in the same group...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770145/a-difficult-recurrent-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#7
Hamdi Louati, Hayet Zitouni, Manel Belhajmansour, Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Mohamed Jalouli, Riadh Mhiri, Rim Kallel, Tahya Boudawara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701060/epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-304-patients-with-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-in-anhui-province-of-east-china-2012-2015
#8
Jing Li, Wei Gao, Ji-Min Zhu, Wei Zuo, Xiang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical and epidemiological features of patients with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) so as to provide scientific evidence for diagnosis and prevention of IHPS. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of infants with IHPS diagnosed from 2012 to 2015 at Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital. Demographic characteristics and clinical data were collected. RESULTS: Three hundred four patients (264 males and 40 females) were studied, of which 94...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701002/atropine-treatment-for-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Giuseppe Lauriti, Valentina Cascini, Pierluigi Lelli Chiesa, Agostino Pierro, Augusto Zani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648281/50-years-ago-in-the-journal-of-pediatrics-the-radiographic-diagnosis-of-congenital-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#10
Carlos A Cuello-Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576429/population-level-surgical-outcomes-for-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#11
Nick Lansdale, Nadeem Al-Khafaji, Patrick Green, Simon E Kenny
OBJECTIVES: Determine national outcomes for pyloromyotomy; how these are affected by: (i) surgical approach (open/laparoscopic), or (ii) centre type/volume and establish potential benchmarks of quality. METHODS: Hospital Episode Statistics data were analysed for admissions 2002-2011. Data presented as median (IQR). RESULTS: 9686 infants underwent pyloromyotomy (83% male). Surgery was performed in 22 specialist (SpCen) and 39 nonspecialist centres (NonSpCen)...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550912/does-metabolic-alkalosis-influence-cerebral-oxygenation-in-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#12
Matthias Nissen, Grigore Cernaianu, Rene Thränhardt, Mohammad R Vahdad, Karin Barenberg, Ralf-Bodo Tröbs
BACKGROUND: This pilot study focuses on regional tissue oxygenation (rSO2) in patients with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in a perioperative setting. To investigate the influence of enhanced metabolic alkalosis (MA) on cerebral (c-rSO2) and renal (r-rSO2) tissue oxygenation, two-site near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) technology was applied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Perioperative c-rSO2, r-rSO2, capillary blood gases, and electrolytes from 12 infants were retrospectively compared before and after correction of MA at admission (T1), before surgery (T2), and after surgery (T3)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508920/chronic-low-dose-prostaglandin-and-neonatal-heart-block
#13
Safwat A Aly, Sawsan M Awad, Ra-Id Abdulla, Suhaib Kazmouz, Hoang H Nguyen
Long-term prostaglandin use is commonly associated with side effects such as cortical proliferation of the bones, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, and soft tissue swelling of the extremities. We report a neonate with critical coarctation of the aorta, who developed second and third degree atrioventricular blocks associated with prolonged prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) infusion. Interestingly, these conduction blocks only occurred at low PGE1 dose. The rhythm disturbances resolved promptly with the discontinuation of PGE1 following surgical repair...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318599/perinatal-risk-factors-for-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Jianghu Zhu, Tingting Zhu, Zhenlang Lin, Yi Qu, Dezhi Mu
BACKGROUND: Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is the most common surgical cause of nonbilious vomiting in infancy. The etiology of IHPS is not completely understood. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between perinatal factors and IHPS onset. METHODS: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies published in English before December 2016. The combined odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects models...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295432/excessive-bright-echoes-sign-for-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-suggest-the-diagnosis-gastric-pneumatosis-and-portal-venous-gas-in-infants-suggest-hps
#15
Harris L Cohen, P Blake Chism, Ina Radtke
We describe a new finding, the "excessive bright echoes" sign, for the diagnosis of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS). Portal venous gas and gastric wall pneumatosis were noted in 4 vomiting infants proven to have HPS. Portal venous gas can be concerning for ischemic bowel. Gastric wall pneumatosis can be seen in association with necrotizing enterocolitis and has been associated with increased gastric pressure from severe, usually proximal, bowel obstruction. Our HPS cases had prominent bright punctate echoes on sonography of the liver, portal vein lumen, and gastric wall...
May 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238307/comparing-pyloromyotomy-outcomes-across-canada
#16
Alexander C Ednie, Ofer Amram, Nadine Schuurman, Natalie L Yanchar
BACKGROUND: Changing patterns of referral and management of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) in North America have recently been described. Comfort with perioperative management, anesthesia, and corrective surgery have been cited as reasons for these changes. Our primary objective was to assess pyloromyotomy outcomes between different hospital types across Canada. The secondary objective was to geospatially map all pyloromyotomies to identify regions of higher HPS incidence across Canada...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038764/is-all-cause-readmission-an-appropriate-performance-measure-for-pediatric-surgeons-a-case-study-in-pyloromyotomy
#17
Isobel H Marks, David C Chang, Peter T Masiakos, Cassandra M Kelleher
INTRODUCTION: All cause readmissions are used as a surrogate metric for quality of care for both hospitals and physicians, and are considered in pay for performance initiatives. However, the integrity of using all cause readmissions as a benchmark for surgical outcomes has received little attention. Pyloromyotomy for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis is considered a safe pediatric surgical procedure with few complications or readmissions. The incidence of in hospital complications has been reported, however the rate of readmissions and specifically the proportion of readmissions related to surgical complications have not been previously reported...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942806/laparoscopic-versus-open-pyloromyotomy-in-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Chethan Sathya, Carolyn Wayne, Anna Gotsch, Jennifer Vincent, Katrina J Sullivan, Ahmed Nasr
PURPOSE: To determine whether open or laparoscopic pyloromyotomy is superior for the treatment of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in infants. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL for articles comparing laparoscopic and open procedures. We conducted meta-analyses when possible and described other results narratively. RESULTS: Our meta-analyses revealed no significant difference in our primary outcome of major complications [risk difference (RD) 0...
March 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915443/successful-combination-of-endoscopic-pyloromyotomy-and-balloon-dilatation-for-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-in-an-older-child-a-novel-procedure
#19
Satoshi Yokoyama, Shiro Uyama, Hiroyoshi Iwagami, Yukitaka Yamashita
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction beyond infancy. Ramstedt pyloromyotomy remains the gold standard treatment for HPS. This type of HPS can be managed successfully with pyloromyotomy under laparoscopic or open procedures. Endoscopic pyloric balloon dilation (EPBD) has not been recommended in the treatment of HPS, and there are only a small number of reported cases who had had successful endoscopic pyloromyotomy (EP) for HPS only in infants...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855150/a-novel-missense-mutation-in-the-transcription-factor-foxf1-cosegregating-with-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-in-the-extended-pedigree-linked-to-ihps5-on-chromosome-16q24
#20
Kate V Everett, Paris Ataliotis, Barry A Chioza, Charles Shaw-Smith, Eddie M K Chung
BACKGROUND: The aim was to identify susceptibility alleles for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) in a pedigree previously linked to IHPS5 on chromosome 16q24. METHODS: We screened the positional and functional candidate gene FOXF1 by Sanger sequencing in a single affected individual. All family members for whom DNA was available were genotyped to determine cosegregation status of the putative causal variant. Immunofluorescence studies were performed to compare the cellular localization of wildtype and mutant form of the protein...
April 2017: Pediatric Research
keyword
keyword
63531
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"