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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353382/a-closer-look-at-transcendence-and-its-relationship-to-mental-health
#1
John R Peteet
Experiences of transcendence can promote growth, creativity and altruism, but often exist in tension with critical thought and can feature problematically in certain mental disorders. Identification of the core elements in the experience of transcendence-suspending disbelief, being moved or inspired, surrendering oneself and identifying within a larger context, can clarify its relationship to psychopathology, and the basis for a clinician's role. To help individuals engage transcendent resources well, clinicians can help patients recognize how depression and trauma may interfere with engagement, masochistic and magical tendencies may distort healthy self-surrender, and vulnerability to social pressure may interfere with mature identification with a larger context or community...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353367/surveillance-for-cancer-recurrence-in-long-term-young-breast-cancer-survivors-randomly-selected-from-a-statewide-cancer-registry
#2
Tarsha Jones, Debra Duquette, Meghan Underhill, Chang Ming, Kari E Mendelsohn-Victor, Beth Anderson, Kara J Milliron, Glenn Copeland, Nancy K Janz, Laurel L Northouse, Sonia M Duffy, Sofia D Merajver, Maria C Katapodi
PURPOSE: This study examined clinical breast exam (CBE) and mammography surveillance in long-term young breast cancer survivors (YBCS) and identified barriers and facilitators to cancer surveillance practices. METHODS: Data collected with a self-administered survey from a statewide, randomly selected sample of YBCS diagnosed with invasive breast cancer or ductal carcinoma in situ younger than 45 years old, stratified by race (Black vs. White/Other). Multivariate logistic regression models identified predictors of annual CBEs and mammograms...
January 20, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353325/a-head-to-tail-view-of-l-selectin-and-its-impact-on-neutrophil-behaviour
#3
REVIEW
Aleksandar Ivetic
L-selectin is a type I transmembrane cell adhesion molecule expressed on most circulating leukocytes, including neutrophils. Engagement of L-selectin with endothelial-derived ligands initiates neutrophil tethering and rolling behaviour along luminal walls of post-capillary venules, constituting the first step of the multi-step adhesion cascade. There is a large body of evidence to suggest that signalling downstream of L-selectin can influence neutrophil behaviour: adhesion, migration and priming. This review will cover aspects of L-selectin form and function and introduce the "triad of L-selectin regulation", highlighting the inextricable links between adhesion, signalling and ectodomain shedding and also highlighting the cytosolic proteins that interconnect them...
January 20, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353323/does-methylphenidate-improve-academic-performance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Anne Fleur Kortekaas-Rijlaarsdam, Marjolein Luman, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Jaap Oosterlaan
Academic improvement is amongst the most common treatment targets when prescribing stimulants to children with ADHD. Previous reviews on stimulant-related academic improvements are inconclusive and focus on task engagement. Recent literature suggests outcome-domain-specific medication effects that are larger for productivity than for accuracy. The aims of this study are quantifying methylphenidate effects on academic productivity and accuracy for math, reading, spelling; exploring the mediating or moderating effects of symptom improvements, demographic-, design- and disorder-related variables...
January 20, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353253/experiential-learning-to-increase-palliative-care-competence-among-the-indigenous-workforce-an-australian-experience
#5
Shaouli Shahid, Stuart Ekberg, Michele Holloway, Catherine Jacka, Patsy Yates, Gail Garvey, Sandra C Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Improving Indigenous people's access to palliative care requires a health workforce with appropriate knowledge and skills to respond to end-of-life (EOL) issues. The Indigenous component of the Program of Experience in the Palliative Approach (PEPA) includes opportunities for Indigenous health practitioners to develop skills in the palliative approach by undertaking a supervised clinical placement of up to 5 days within specialist palliative care services. This paper presents the evaluative findings of the components of an experiential learning programme and considers the broader implications for delivery of successful palliative care education programme for Indigenous people...
January 20, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353246/a-concept-mapping-approach-to-identifying-the-barriers-to-implementing-an-evidence-based-sports-injury-prevention-programme
#6
Alex Donaldson, Aisling Callaghan, Mario Bizzini, Andrew Jowett, Patrick Keyzer, Matthew Nicholson
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Understanding the barriers to programme use is important to facilitate implementation of injury prevention programmes in real-word settings. This study investigated the barriers to coaches of adolescent female soccer teams, in Victoria, Australia, implementing the evidence-based FIFA 11+ injury prevention programme. METHODS: Concept mapping with data collected from 19 soccer coaches and administrators. RESULTS: Brainstorming generated 65 statements as barriers to 11+ implementation...
January 20, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353146/case-study-as-a-means-of-evaluating-the-impact-of-early-years-leaders-steps-paths-and-routes
#7
Mark Hadfield, Michael Jopling
The paper argues that case study will need to play an increasingly important role in the evaluation of leadership development programmes as both formal and substantive theories of leadership place greater emphasis upon the role played by organizational context on leaders ability to bring about change. Prolonged engagement within a case study provides researchers with opportunities to capture the dynamics between leaders and their organisational contexts. However, adopting a case study approach is no substitute for inadequate theorization of the link between leadership approaches and leadership effects...
January 8, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352973/the-senegal-urban-reproductive-health-initiative-a-longitudinal-program-impact-evaluation
#8
Aimee Benson, Lisa Calhoun, Meghan Corroon, Abdou Gueye, David Guilkey, Essete Kebede, Peter Lance, Rick O'Hara, Ilene S Speizer, John Stewart, Jennifer Winston
OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the impact of key components of the Senegal Urban Reproductive Health Initiative, including radio, television, community-based activities, Muslim religious-leader engagement and service quality improvement on modern contraceptive use by all women and the sub-sample of poor women. STUDY DESIGN: This study uses baseline (2011) and endline (2015) longitudinal data from a representative sample of urban women first surveyed in 2011 to examine the impact of the Initiative's demand- and supply-side activities on modern contraceptive use...
January 15, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352832/-you-either-need-help%C3%A2-you-feel-you-don-t-need-help%C3%A2-or-you-don-t-feel-worthy-of-asking-for-it-receptivity-to-bereavement-support
#9
Pippa Blackburn, Caroline Bulsara
OBJECTIVE: Although the needs of the bereaved have been identified widely in the literature, how these needs translate into meaningful, appropriate, and client-centered programs needs further exploration. The application of receptivity to support is a critical factor in participation by the bereaved in palliative care bereavement programs. Receptivity is a complex multifactorial phenomenon influenced by internal and external factors that ultimately influences engagement in psychosocial support in bereavement...
January 21, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352827/political-terrorism-and-affective-polarization-in-black-and-red-terrorists-in-italy-during-the-years-1968-1988
#10
Matteo Pacini, Icro Maremmani
Psychiatric evaluations of violent political crime were mostly performed on a case-by-case basis in a forensic environment, which made them unduly dependent on categories of presumed dangerousness and legal responsibility, rather than on a clinical definition of their mental status. In referring to such "clinical" definitions, the disorder we have in mind is not limited to the major, agitated psychotic manias or mixed states. The presence of a dominant temperament, or protracted hypomania, is enough by itself to explain an individual's engagement in a wide range of activities, not necessarily sociopathic or violent...
January 21, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352817/the-association-between-sexual-behaviours-and-initiation-of-post-secondary-education-in-south-africa
#11
Annah V Bengesai, Hafiz T A Khan, Russell Dube
Although young people in South Africa are growing up in an era where their socioeconomic circumstances are seemingly better than those of their parents' generation, they face greater risks in their trajectory to adulthood. This is mainly because the environment in which they are making sexual decisions is also rapidly evolving. Currently, South Africa has the highest prevalence of HIV and AIDS in the world among young people aged 15-24. This study examined the effect of sexual behaviours initiated in adolescence on enrolment in post-secondary education...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352706/environmental-conditions-in-health-care-facilities-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-coverage-and-inequalities
#12
Ryan Cronk, Jamie Bartram
Safe environmental conditions and the availability of standard precaution items are important to prevent and treat infection in health care facilities (HCFs) and to achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets for health and water, sanitation, and hygiene. Baseline coverage estimates for HCFs have yet to be formed for the SDGs; and there is little evidence describing inequalities in coverage. To address this, we produced the first coverage estimates of environmental conditions and standard precaution items in HCFs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs); and explored factors associated with low coverage...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352641/can-you-do-health-disparities-research-with-publicly-available-datasets
#13
Danny R Hughes
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Given the growing importance of identifying and reducing health disparities, it is important for radiologist researchers to engage in this space to promote evidence-based imaging disparities policy. However, researchers are often hindered by access to appropriate data to perform quality research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper reviews existing publicly available data sets that may be useful for performing imaging disparities research...
January 15, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352620/family-caregivers-facilitation-of-daily-adult-prescription-medication-use
#14
Debra L Roter, Siva Narayanan, Katherine Smith, Ray Bullman, Paula Rausch, Jennifer L Wolff, G Caleb Alexander
OBJECTIVE: To describe ways family members assist adult patients with prescription medications at home, during medical visits and at the pharmacy. METHODS: Online survey of 400 adults (caregivers) who help another adult (care recipient) with prescription medication use. Regression modeled the contribution of caregiver communication during recipients' medical visits, evaluation of physicians' medication communication and discussions with the dispensing pharmacist on caregivers' assistance with home medication management...
December 27, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352598/who-consultation-on-etec-and-shigella-burden-of-disease-geneva-6-7th-april-2017-meeting-report
#15
Divya Hosangadi, Peter G Smith, David C Kaslow, Birgitte K Giersing
According to the 2015 Global Burden of Disease Study, diarrhea ranked ninth among causes of death for all ages, and fourth among children under 5 years old, accounting for an estimated 499,000 deaths in this young age group. It was also the second most common cause of years lived with disability (2.39 billion YLDs). The goal of the WHO/UNICEF Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) is to reduce deaths from diarrhea in children under 5 years of age to less than 1 per 1000 live births, by 2025...
January 15, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352579/informed-consent-in-physiotherapy-practice-it-is-not-what-is-said-but-how-it-is-said
#16
G Copnell
This paper discusses the concept of informed consent in the context of contemporary biomedical ethics. A change in UK law regarding what information should be provided to patients has brought to the fore the role of physiotherapists in the process of gaining informed consent. It is important that physiotherapists are aware of how this change in the law will affect their practice. For an individual to consent, they need to have both the capacity and freedom to exercise rational thought. These concepts are challenged in contemporary biomedical ethics...
August 7, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352399/predictors-of-retention-in-an-alcohol-and-risky-sex-prevention-program-for-homeless-young-adults
#17
Eric R Pedersen, Brett A Ewing, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Jeremy N V Miles, Ann C Haas, Joan S Tucker
Homeless young adults are at risk for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and risky sexual behavior. Interventions are needed to help these young people reduce their risky behavior, but this population is often difficult to engage and retain in services. We offered a four-session AOD and risky sex reduction program to 100 participants and examined if retention in the program was predicted by a number of factors: demographics, homelessness severity, other service use, AOD behaviors, mental health symptoms, sexual risk behaviors, and readiness to change AOD and condom use...
January 20, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352038/microenvironment-induced-cd44v6-promotes-early-disease-progression-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#18
Julia C Gutjahr, Eva Szenes, Lisa Tschech, Daniela Asslaber, Michaela Schlederer, Simone Roos, Xiaobing Yu, Tamara Girbl, Christina Sternberg, Alexander Egle, Fritz Aberger, Ronen Alon, Lukas Kenner, Richard Greil, Veronique Orian-Rousseau, Tanja N Hartmann
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) outgrowth depends on signals from the microenvironment. We have previously found that in vitro reconstitution of this microenvironment induces specific variant isoforms of the adhesion molecule CD44, which confer human CLL with high affinity to hyaluronan (HA). Here, we determined the in vivo contribution of standard CD44 and its variants to leukemic B-cell homing and proliferation in Tcl1 transgenic mice with a B-cell-specific CD44 deficiency. In these mice, leukemia onset was delayed and leukemic infiltration of spleen, liver, and lungs, but not of bone marrow was decreased...
January 19, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352012/public-transport-policy-social-engagement-and-mental-health-in-older-age-a-quasi-experimental-evaluation-of-free-bus-passes-in-england
#19
Erica Reinhard, Emilie Courtin, Frank J van Lenthe, Mauricio Avendano
BACKGROUND: Social engagement and social isolation are key determinants of mental health in older age, yet there is limited evidence on how public policies may contribute to reducing isolation, promoting social engagement and improving mental health among older people. This study examines the impact of the introduction of an age-friendly transportation policy, free bus passes, on the mental health of older people in England. METHODS: We use an instrumental variable (IV) approach that exploits eligibility criteria for free bus passes to estimate the impact of increased public transportation use on depressive symptoms, loneliness, social isolation and social engagement...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351907/energy-connections-and-misconnections-across-chemistry-and-biology
#20
Kathryn P Kohn, Sonia M Underwood, Melanie M Cooper
Despite the number of university students who take courses in multiple science disciplines, little is known about how they connect concepts between disciplines. Energy is a concept that underlies all scientific phenomena and, as such, provides an appropriate context in which to investigate student connections and misconnections across disciplines. In this study, university students concurrently enrolled in introductory chemistry and biology were interviewed to explore their perceptions of the integration of energy both within and across the disciplines, and how they attempted to accommodate and reconcile different disciplinary approaches to energy, to inform future, interdisciplinary course reform...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
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